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Qass. 
Book. 




THE AUTHOR AT FORTY. 



NARRATIVE 



( )l THE 



TOWN OF MACHIAS 



THE OLD AND THE NEW 

THE EARLY AND THE LATE 



BY 

GEORGE W. DRISKO 



1 ' So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat <>ur thai the 
had gleaned, and it was about an ephafa of barley." Book of 
Ruth, ii-17 



MACHIAS, ME.: 

PRI ss m mi Rl II Bl It vn 

1 "i 1 1 



• Ml 3^ 






Preface. 



Among scraps of paper, small in size, much worn and 
difficult to read, not so much in lack of penmanship as 
orthography, one becomes tangled in thought, at proof of 
the changes in motive, method, expression of thought and 
results ; the work of our ancestors dating back less than two 
centuries; if regarded in the unfolding of progress so clear- 
ly manifest in a people of our own race and language, what 
must appear in the mental vision of others whose research 
is associated with man and his work in the earlier centuries 
of the human race? The bits of paper, as they lay dumped 
in drawers and boxes, so carefully folded, so securely tied 
with strings of linen or hemp (no cotton in use then) so 
plainly labeled, in the "Town office of Machias," done by 
hands committed to mother Earth years before the American 
Revolution, leads the searcher to think those men and 
women realized they had responsible duties: they left their 
duties well performed. 

The following selected from several hundred folded and 
labeled papers, some of these not over three by one, one 
half inches in size, bearing date of birth, baptism, marriage 
and death, in some instances with unique requests of 
personal sentiment, and direction as t<> what has been dune, 
what is expected to have others do form subjects of mental 
activity and awakening. 

The pioneers of Machias believed in Destiny: they had 
faith in vitality and hail gladness in the thought of self- 
denial and suffering; the nun and women of this unreclaim- 
ed region oould and would send forth the vitalizing forces 



PREFACE. 

that make the way, under the influence and protecting care 
of the Great Ruler, the nobler type of manhood; transform- 
ing the wilderness into gardens, and the rocks into orna- 
ments for homes and surroundings. 

In the days when only the way of travel was by boat or 
vessel, with the attending dangers and frequent disasters; 
with the scattered dwellings by the shores of the sea, or in 
some distant river-side, shut apart by dense wilds and un- 
briged streams, how many prayers went up ; how many 
times in all the dark-seven-years of Revolution, was the 
Father of all supplicated by mothers, which but for this 
unceasing Faith, would Hope have perished, voices failed, 
hearts ceased to beat? "It is not I, but the Love of Liberty 
in me." 



Ilnfcer. 



I- M.K 



First Settlement 1 

The First Sixteen 12 

First ' ' Lord's Supper" 25 

Old Burnham Taveru 33 

Battle of the Margaret! a 43 

Repulse of British, 1777 55 

John O'Brien 81 

Incorporation of Machias 8fi 

John G. and wife, son of James Avery 5)1 

First V T ote for President 160 

Memorial Bridge, East Machias 184 

Cephas Longfellow 191 

The Churches 193 

Phineas Bruce House 222 

Educational — Schools 224 

Genealogy 845 



Introductory 



The pioneers of Machias have been recognized in their 
first houses of logs when no boards and few nails were 
available; — in their rough homes were courageous souls who 
believed they had a future. In the years of struggle to 
gain a f othold, they bade welcome to new comers, each 
addition imparting strength and renewed hcpe, — so that 
when the day of the log house had passed, when houses 
made of sawed timbers and boards, when they could afford 
hinges and latches for their doors, and no longer had to lift 
water from brooks and springs, when t lie well, the long pole 
and the pump were the midway conveniences, they forgot 
not the provident Hand, nor were their sympathies circum- 
scribed, or their charitable souls less meridian and aglow. 

After nearly the century and half since the ax felle 1 the 
first trees and the spade cast earth on the first roadway, 
their successors, who enjoy the fruits of their toil in com- 
fortable homes intersected by turnpikes and rails, their 
abodes reflecting the lightning of the clouds; with water 
poured to sinks and chambers, let it not be said that the 
elements of character building have been dwarfed or the 
nobilitv of welcome and charity in any degree eliminated. 

The local environments and experiences which their lives 
furnished weakened and subdued excessive tendencies, 
secured only in luxurious living. The early settlers at- 
tained the normal balance. Without becoming dominated 
by desires, they prudently governed themselves. This 
rational status of mental and physical discipline was trans- 
mitted : their children and grandchildren manifested its 



f.\ I'KonUCTORY. 



softened and goodly influence in later days. Their homes, 
if without display, were comfortable ; their clothing if not 
of best fabric was sufficient and ample to protect the body. 
Educational advancement if not swift was by no means ne- 
glected. Religious life was early made essential and 
prominent. Their heredity if not entirely free from sin 
was and is such as shows the better principles of domestic 
life, prudence and progress. 

"Here, where they lived, all holy thoughts revive, 
Of patient Striving and of Faith held fast; 
Here, where they died their hurried records live, 
Silent they speak from out the sacred past." 

Our acknowledgments are due Senator Eugene Hale; to 
Assistant Secretary of State Hon. Alvey A. Adee Washing- 
ion. D. C. ; Frederic Tuckerman, Esq., Amherst, Mass. 
lion. Geo. F. Talbot. Portland; Miss Annette O'B. Walker, 
same city. Rev. H. F. Harding and Mrs. Harding Machias 
ami other appreciated helpers. 

We dedicate this book to the sons and daughters of the 
earlier and later Machias, citizens and residents by nativity 
or adoption, descendants of past or present dwellers wherever 
domiciled, trusting that this work may be helpful in keep- 
ing the worthy deeds and meritorious achievements of the 
fathers and mothers in memory through Municipal, Ed- 
ucational and Adminis'trational struggles and strifes to later 
generations. 

THE AUTHOR. 

1 )eeember, 1903. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



THERE is no satisfactory record or evidence of discovery 
and settlement of Machias or vicinity prior to L605. De 
Montz, the French Explorer, left the first tangible proof of 
tli" discovery of Machias River. There is scarcely room for 
doubt that some of DeMontz sailor adventurers and associ- 
ates visited this section as early as 1605-'06, and left written 
record of having made a Trading Post, on what has for 
many years been known as Clark's Point in the town of 
Machiasport. Home one of the company, it' not DeMontz 
himself, made an outline map of the coast west from and in- 
cluding Quoddy Head. Cross Island and a "peninsular" in 
later years known as (Mark's Point. 

DeMontz on his exploring expedition in 1604 discovered 
the river known by the Indian name of Schodio, Later St. 
Croix. Ii was in October that he entered the River. Be 
and his men Beemed to like the place ami lingered well into 
November, when, tradition tells ns. there came a cold nighl 
creating so much ice that Capt. DeMontz found his vessel 
fast in the solid. Continued cold weather made more ice 
and the explorer, contrary to his plans, was obliged to | 



2 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

the winter on DeMontz or Dochet Island. They found 
wood for fuel in abundance and between vessel and camp on 
the Island, which he caused his men to build, they passed 
the season in a fair measure of comfort. In the spring of 

1605 DeMontz with a part of his crew returned to France 
telling a dozen or so of his men, whom he left on the Island, 
that he should return again the following autumn. The 
men on the Island not liking so circumscribed-limits set at 
work, and out of such trees and material as they found, 
constructed a barge or kind of boat, which enabled them 
to reach the main of either shore of the Bay. 

DeMontz, if not in the fall, sometime within a year did 
return, if not in the same vessel in some vessel, with a 
larger force of men and marines, and better provisioned and 
equipped having no doubt farther exploration in mind. In 

1606 by drawings of maps and other record which he left, 
he commenced sailing westerly along the coast from Schodic 
Bay. "Quoddy Head" is the first mentioned place: thence 
to an Island westerly "six leagues", on which a landing was 
effected ;a cross built and taken possession of in the name of 
Henry Fourth, the King of France. Later a peninsula, 
known to early and later English settlers as Clark's Point in 
Machiasport and near the mouth of the river, was fixed 
upon by some portion of DeMonts' men ; a camp or sort of 
Trading Post for traffic with the Indians was made, and half 
a dozen men left there for a short time. 

From evidence by letters sent home by DeMontz to Henry 
IV there can be but limited doubt, that between the years 1606 
and 1620 the entire coast of Mayne so far west as Penobscot 
or Majorbijaduce (Castine), was explored and, so far as any 
title could be given, became French possessions under the 
name of Acadia. 

It was about this time, that a few French families were 
located at or near the head of South West Harbor, Mt Dasart 
being the first known Europeans and until 1760, for nearly a 
century disputes were involved and intermitent and alter- 
nating possession by French and English contending forces ; 
when as Williamson in his History of Maine says: — "The 



FIRST SKTTLF.MENT. 



cessation of active hostilities between the two Governments, 
at the close of 1760, as well as the strong disposition at the 
time manifested by the Eastern Indian tribes, to agree to and 
maintain a Treaty of perpetual Peace and Amity, which to 
this day has never been disturbed, were events of vital im- 
portance in the settlement of the eastern part of the Province 
of Maine, and gave a new and favorable impulse to every 
species of enterprise and improvement, which so essentially 
concern a rising community." 

One writer states that the entire while population of the 
Province of Maine did not exceed 17,000 at this period, and 
no permanent settlement had been made eastward of and 
including Castine. owing to the wars between the New Eng- 
land Colonists and the numerous Indian tribes aided and 
assisted by the French. The desolation arising from the 
contending factions spread disaster and distress over the 
coast line for more than a century, and with the cessation 
French control ceased, not again to be renewed. 

There are writers who claim that certain marks or races of 
civilization, such as the Picture Rocks at Machiasport and 
"Norse Pond" at Cutler, indicate settlers on this coast as 
early as the eleventh century, and express opinion that 
Norse Pond especially, denotes great antiquity and can be 
no different than work of the Northmen on this side of the 
Atlantic about the same time that they overrun France and 
England. 

At best it must remain conjecture by whose hands the 
"Stone Dam", that made Norse Pond, was buili or the slate 
when built. It is not known how large an immigration of 
French followed DeMontz in his exploring expeditions on 
this coast. There were no doubl a larger number of 
French Settlements and a larger number of resident families 

L606 tolf>! ! than we have any r. cord <,f. Sup] OS6 the French 
si ttle s on the coast near ( 'id lei- 1 mi It the dam it must have 
been nearly three linn Ire I years ago; hence ample time for 
large trees to grow on top of the d; in ami time's effacing 
hand would do very much in three centuries, to dim the 

work of man. It seems quite probable that Norse Pond is 



4 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

the product of French labor ; for what purpose remains a 
mystery. Marks of the "Cross" made by DeMontz on 
Cross Island are quite distinct and when discovered first by 
Colonists about 1772- '74, the work was attributed to Indians 
and little thought given it, until revelation of DeMontz 
voyages were given out by historical research 

When the Pioneers of Machias from Scarboro, in May 
1763 domiciled on Machias soil, and until the Declaration of 
Independence in 1776, they had supposed they were under 
the French flag, and the doubt was not wholly removed until 
the surrender of Cornwallis, at the close of the Revolution. 

Shortly after the settlement at Cape Cod, Richard Vines, 
Isaac Allerton and associates purchased of the Plymouth 
Council the right to trade with the Indians on the Maine 
coast. In pursuance of this plan in 1633 Vines equipped 
some small vessels of which he assumed command and 
entered on a "trading voyage to the Eastward." It will be 
borne in mind that the entire country from Cape Sable to 
Cape Cod was claimed by the French and La Tour who had 
succeeded DeMontz as Governor, was in his vessels almost 
continuously on the watch, to prevent English inteference 
or trade, issuing a declaration that he would make prisoners 
of all English and prizes of all vessels found trading or fish- 
ing "East of Pemaquid." Vines, however, appeared de- 
termined not to be thwarted in his designs and resolved to 
penetrate the coast until cheoked by a superior power. 

During the Summer of 1633 La Tour and Vines cam« in 
contact at an Eastern point, probably Passamaquoddy. A 
sharp controversy resulted as to respective claims and quick 
ened by what he considered abusive language used by the 
Englishmen towards him, he seized some of them as prison- 
ers. They were shortly surrendered on the especial pleading 
of Vines and La Tour had given them "grave and goodly 
counsel. " Fraternal relations were resumed and LaTour ex- 
changed with Vines valuable furs and other articles receiv- 
ing groceries and commodities of which he stood in need. 
La Tour finally gave Vines permission to trade off the bal- 
ance of his goods and return to Cape Cod, provided he 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



would iu>t build or fortify within the limits of La 'Four's 
olaim of coast, viz: — East "of Pemaquid^" In thisway they 
parted on Friendly terms, but Vines persumably unwilling to 
abandon every prospect of gain, and calculating on La 
Tour's lenity at the recent meeting, concluded that the lat- 
ter would not disturb him, proceeded at once to Machias 
river, where he established a Trading camp and left it in 
charge of five men. with two small cannon and a vessel of 
light tonnage t i defe i 1 it. To obi dn tra le this po3t was 
liberally supplied with a variety of merchandize, suitable 
for gaining trade with Indians Including much wine and 

"st rong water. " 

In a few days La Tour anchored a part of his fleet near 
the place. One of Vines' men ventured on hoard and while 
he and Vines were in social chat several of Vines' salilors 
went on shore. As they ueare I the camp, the four men in 
charge manifested alarm and attempted to lire their guns. 
The guns were not discharged, and La Tours' men not under 
iding this demonstration of hostility on the part of the 
Englishmen, with whom they so recently had been on friend- 
ly terms, at once retreated and in doing so one of their 
muskets was discharged — La Tour stated afterwards accident- 
ally and killed two of Vines men in the camp. La Tour 
Immediately went ashore and by examining the goods in 
store he found, as lie alleged, many which had been stolen 
from his fort on the St John river, by some Scotchmen. 
Consequently he seized all the goods and Vines' vessel, made 
the men prisoners, and sent all to France for confiscation! 
News of the disaster reached Cape Cod in November. The 
following Spring Vines and Allertonsent a vessel to St John, 
and demanded of LaTour restoration of the goods and vessel 

he had seized. This lie stout ly declined. On being asked 

to show his authority and commission for what he had done. 

disdainfully replied that "My SWOrdis my commission, suffi- 
cient to overcome and when this failed it would he time 

enough to show authority. " 

About ten years later La Tour was obliged to promise 

recompense for the goods and vessel he had taken. 



6 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

During the lapse of these few years another would be 
French possesser of the coast a ppeared in D'Aulney, who 
claimed to be Governor and to have prior if not superior 
authority over the entire French claim by virtue of Commis- 
sion from the King of France. Under this he established 
head quarters at Castine, where he built a Fort same as La 
Tour had done at St. John. 

For several years appearances indicate much time devoted 
to factions and frequent war like opposition to one another, 
without interfering or molesting British operations or 
English traders along the Maine Coast. The feeling of 
rivalry between the two French explorers led both to court 
favors from the Governments of Massachusetts and Plym- 
outh, so that means and resources were made available to 
secure men and money to distroy each other. It seems that 
La Tour visited Boston in 1644 with special purpose of 
securing assistance against D'Aulney. During this visit he 
was first obliged by the government to make answer to the 
charge of seizing the property of Vines and killing two Eng- 
lishmen in the year previous; the entire matter was carefully 
investigated by the Governor and Court of Assistants. His 
defense consisted principally in alleging that some of the 
goods he found at Machias had been stolen from him ; that 
the English sailors were drunk at the time his men went on 
shore to see them ; that the two men were killed by the acci- 
dental descharge of one of the guns in his mens hands. 
The explanations were satisfactory- and on his pledge to 
reimburse Vines for the loss, La Tour was acquitted. 

It has been quite difficult to fix the location of the Vines 
Trading Post. One writer in peculiarly indefinite way loca- 
ted it on an 'Eligible sight above Cross Island on West 
bank of the river". There is no record of this and tradition 
fails to lend support; neither is there record or maps yet 
found to clearly establish the spot of land where it existed. 
Persons who have within fifty years past given time and 
thought to the question, taking into consideration the 
natural or geographical location of the river, bay and islands 
in the harbor, in conjunction with traditions of earliest 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. i 

settlers, and unmistakable evidence of frequent Indian oc- 
cupancy of the shores, it might have been near the wharves 
at Machiasport or on the hill where the Congregational 
church stands, but with the stronger probability on Clark's 
Point, where forty years ago traces of the celebrated "picture 
rocks" or Indian hyerogliphics were plainly visible and 
not altogether obliterated at this time. Clark's Point had 
preference over any site mentioned or suggested, on account 
of being easily accessible by water, more cheaply and secure- 
ly defended from land or water attacks ; besides both English 
and French explorers and commanders did not retain con- 
fidence in Indian professions and promises to the extent of 
causing them to locate far up the river or but short distance 
inland from the shore, relying on boats and vessels in which 
to escape in case of sudden attack. 

The late Charles Gates, of Machiasport, who died an 
octogenarian many years ago, once said to the author, : — "I 
have heard my mother say that when a girl, 1785 '90, I 
counted over one hundred birch canoes drawn up on the 
beach and shore opposite Machiasport, while the Indians 
were in Camp Fires, phullabaloos and dances, in the forest 
growth and wood-lands on the East side and towards Holmes' 
Bay." 

One historian relates and stories passed down the line give 
credence to his statement that, "Machias River, when first 
inhabited by white settlers was, and ;:ppeared to have 
been a long time back, a place of Rendezvous by the various 
tribes of Red men, who came in September of every year, 
from the East as far as St. John, and from the West as far 
as Penobscot, to associate in war dances and campfires. 
In-eorroboration of this, consider the numerous heaps of clam 
shells at Looks Point in Jonesboro, the Indian implements 
found there in the last hundred years ; the shell heaps on 
the shores of main and islands on Machias water, nol 

omitting the greatest heap of all, the head of Western inlet 

of Holmes' Hay only two miles from the Kast shore of 
Machiasport, where on toj. of the heap is a sprnce tree, two 
feet in diameter, with wide spread branches and roots pene- 



8 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

trating and deriving strength of growth from the shells? 

W. Bartlett Smith in his book of 1 863,— "The Centennial 
of Machias, " says : "It will be seen that Maohias hai a 
local habitation and a name in history as early as 1633 
only thirteen years after the landing of the Pilgrims at Plym- 
outh — 230 years ago — that it was a place well known at 
that time to adventurers on this coast, and was then the 
scene of violence and bloodshed occasioned more or less by 
the still unextinguished hatred, which for many centuries 
had existed between England and France." 

It seems probable that in 1644 the French made an un- 
successful attempt to make a settlement on Machias river. 
At the time or a few years later there were prehaps a half 
dozen French families here. 

In 1688 a census or an "account" was taken of the in- 
habitants scattered on the main shore and islands between 
Schoodic River and Castine inclusive by Governor Andros. 

There were reported as living at Machias ' 'Martel : John 
Breeton, wife and child of Jersey ; Lattre, wife and three 
children. The same year there were "accounted for" only 
forty-five Europeans between Schoodic and Penobscot, nine 
of these at Machias. According to Colonial history all 
these persons were captured by the celebrated Captain 
Church in one of his "expeditions to the eastward" 
against French and Indians and carried off, their settlements 
and homes laid waste. 

Machias river has the credit of having been visited in 
July, 1734 by Governor Belcher. He also visited other 
places between Quoddy and Castine, intending to negotiate 
with the settlers to ascertain their condition and wants. 
Rev. Mr. Prince, Pastor of the Old South Church, Boston, 
accompanied the Governor; also Edward Winslow, Sheriff 
of Suffolk County, and other prominent men of Boston. 
They passed one Sabbath in the Harbor but they found no 
inhabitants, nor evidence of settlement. 

The whole section of country, Penobscot to Schoodic 
seemed to demand attention ; the visit of Governor Belcher 
no doubt contributing to arouse desire to know more of 



FIRST SKTTLEMENT. V 

this section of the Province of Maine, and efforts were put 
forth to encourage settlers 

In 1753 the Governor of the State recommended the 
a]i j (ointment of a Tribunal, for the pacification of Land 
Titles and the adoption of some measure that should prove 
efficient in drawing attention and inducing immigration. 

Quite soon one Florentius Vassal, a resident of the island 
of Jamaica, offered., if the Government would transfer tin- 
Territory between Penobscot and Quoddy to him and his 
associates, they would settle there within a specified time, 
such number of inhabitants as would form an effective barrier 
to the inroads of the French and operate as a check on the 
various tribes of Indians. The Legislature or General Court 
assured Vassal that, if he would by 1758 obtain his majesty's 
approbation, introduce five thousand settlers, propor- 
tionate number of Protestant ministers, and pacify the 
Indians in their claims, the immigrants should have all the 
land they should choose to occupy, and all the Islands with- 
in three miles of the coast. In a few years after Vassal's 
talk at or near the close of the old French war, another prop- 
osition was made to Massachusetts, by the Earl of Cather- 
bough and Francis Vassal, to settle the lands twelve miles 
in width on each side of Machias river, extending up the 
river from its mouth fifty miles, with six hundred Protestant 
families to number at least three thousand souls. These 
propositions did not materialize, as there is no evidence of 
any move to inaugurate emigration from any Colony oi 
county ami the schemes fell through. 

King George about this time authorized the General 
Court to grant without money and without price, any Lands 
which might be selected from the royal domain to those 
soldiers, who had then Served in the French and Indian 
war: a Captain to receive three thousand acres, a subaltern 

two thousand and a private fifty acres. This provision en^ 
oouraged by the King probably operated as a reason, why the 

projects of CatherOOUgh and Vassal fell through. 

The comparatively few inhabitants were West of the 
IVnohscnt mostly near the lower shore and mouth of the 



10 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Kennebec river, old Scarborough and York. The risk of 
life and property was too great for settlers owing to the 
devastation caused by the conflict between New England 
Colonists and the Eastern tribes and French. It seemed to 
be the pleasure of Divine Providence that other trials should 
await them aside from those of Indian warfare. 

The year 17(51 was one of unprecedented drouth, causing 
scarcity in food supply in all that part of Maine west of 
Kennebec river. This climatic misfortune was succeded 
by a fearful sickness visiting and decimating numerous fam- 
ilies, which contributed to the calamities of that precarious 
year. One early writer says of it — "The freshness and 
bloom common to June of other years, were shrouded in the 
habiliments of premature decay ; and the husbandman in 
view of his withering fields had a sufficient reason for a 
deepening despondency of his hopes. These severe 
calamities were followed by devouring fires which did 
immense damage. The tires burst from the forests of New 
Hampshire, early in July of 1761. and burning with 
irresistable fury passed through Lebanon, being driven by 
the wind to the eastward entered Scarborough, Grorham 
and other Maine towns, ravaging the neighboring forests, 
until checked by a rain-fall, the 19th and 20th of August." 

"The year 1762 was no less distinguished with its 
decessor for extraordinary drouth and terrible fires. Early 
in the year six dwelling houses, two saw mills, and several 
barns were burned in Scarborough: Six families were burnt 
out in North Yarmouth; in every direction extensive fields 
were destroyed by the flames and laid open by the destruc- 
tion of fences. Even the cattle did not escape the consum- 
ing fires. A prodigious quantity of the most valuable forest 
timber was also destroyed, and so much were the crops cut 
short that greater supplies than usual were necessarily im- 
ported for the peoples' support," 

The existence of extensive marshes on the rivers lying 
eastward of the Penobscot were well known previous to the 
seasons of drouth, and they had often been visited by 
residents of western Maine , as necessity required for cutting 



ill i ill LEM1 NT. 11 

grass growing on their borders ; therefore during the years 
176] '62 many excursions were made to the Eastward to 
obtain hay, for the support oi cattle the ensuing winters. 

It was mainly Fur this purpose that early in the autumn 
of 1762, Isaiah Poster, Esaac Larrabee and others, \\ 1 ■ 
aames are unknown all belonging to the settlement oi 
Black Point in Scarborough embarked on board of a 
large whale boat , on a oruis rd ; besides th< principal 

object of | i curing hay another object, also, was to ex] lore 
tin 1 places they visited for the | urpose of setting up a lum- 
bering establishment. Tin' 1 ore alluded to had de- 
stroyed a great portion of the ) ine lands in the vicinity of 
Scarboro; and being in the habit of lumbering more or 
less every year, they were not disposed to overlook the ad- 
vantages which a new country might afford for this indus- 
try. 

The party who started from Scarborough set sail to the 
Eastward and after exploring the coast at different joints 
th arrived at Machias, where they found extensive 
t icts of salt marsh lands covered with, to them, invaluable 
iss, which had never been penetrated by the mowers' 
the, and which, became doubly valuable to them from its 
scarcity in the homes they had left. They were also quick 
in discovering and estimating the value of the pine wilder- 
ness, and untouched f< rests of timber on the brink of a 
water power of almost unlimited capacity never yet utilized 
at the head of navigable tide waters. 

"What more could our enterprising voyagers desire? 
Was it sur] rising that their hearts should he light and joy- 
That tiny did return to their Scarborough fields 
animated by visions of future success and prosperity, 
which naturally occupied their minds when comparing the 
devastations around home, with these new regions of superior 

water power. Interminable forestsof wood growth and exten- 
sive marsh < s i I 

On their return the story of their Machias voyage, and of 
the discoveries they had made were soon told-, and it may 
well be imagined, that under the pressure of many misfor- 



12 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

tunes which had befallen them, not a few of the inhabitants, 
who had ^suffered by the late extraordinary succession of" 
calamities, listened with eagerness to accounts of a more 
favorable location — of a spot where the lumberman and the 
husbandman could find and appropriate resources of wealth 
so abundant. 

An association of "Sixteen persons" was accordingly 
formed during the winter of 1763, for the purpose of build- 
ing a double saw mill at Machias, to be owned in as many 
shares — and it was decided to commence operations the 
ensuing spring. 

Smiths' Centennial records the names of the Associates 
in this undertaking, to commence the first English settle- 
ment at Machias as follows : 



Samuel Scott ) Brothers . 
Sylvanus Scott, \ 



Timothy Libby, 

George Libby, [ Brothers. 

David Libby, J 

Solomon Stone, ) Brothers> 
J oil 11 Stone, \ 

Isaiah Foster, 
Westrook Berry, 
Isaac Larrabee, 
Daniel Fogg. 
The above thirteen were all residents of Scarborough and 
all lived at a District in the town known as Black Point. 
The remaining three were : 

Thomas Buck of Plymouth, Captain of a coaster. 
Jonathan Carlton, of Sheepscot. 
William Jones of Portsmouth, N.H . 
Jones was a merchant and it was not required of him to 
go to Machias, but he became one of the Association on an 
agreement to furnish the infant Colony with such supplies 
as might from time to time be needed, and to receive for the 
assistance he should thus render, one sixteenth, an equal 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 13 

share with the other associates, of the mill to be built and 
all other privileges. 

In the Latter pari of April, 1763, the associates, with the 
exception of Jones, em barked at Black Point, on board a 
small schooner, of which Thomas Buck, one of the sixteen, 
was Captain. Westbrook Berry and Isaac Larrabee took their 
families with them, consisting of their wives and three chil- 
dren each. Besides the Associates and the two families 
named, Joel Bonney, a millwright, and Woodin Foster, a 
blacksmith, were also of the number, having been engaged 
by the Company to assist in building the mill, making in 
all tweny-four persons whose fortunes were based on the 
success of an enterprise requiring their utmost resolution 
and courage. 

"Their passage was long and stormy. At Townsend they 
went on shore where the two women baked some bread for 
the passengers. On one occasion the vessel and cargo came 
near being lost. The craft struck on a rock when making 
a port, which our informant says was called the "Hop 
Yard", to escape the storm. The same night the roughness 
of the sea Loosened a canoe which was lashed to the shrouds 
and in falling killed a cow belonging to Mr. Berry. On the 
20th of May the vessel arrived at Machias anchoring first 
at the Rim. As soon as tide and wind were favorable they 
weighed anchor for the last time. 

The day was one of gloom for the rain fell in torrents, 
and the vessel by some mishap striking on a rock near where 
the Ellis Smith store was in later years built, and had to 
remain there 'till the next flood tide. The passengers 
were obliged to land as the vessel keeled so much they could 
not stay on board. They made a temporary shelter with a 
few boards placed against a birch tree which had been partly 

broken down. 

The vessel floated in the afternoon and was taken into a 
small creek that run out just East of the late Deacon Kelly 
house, and over which the present sail loft building stands. 
The passengers remained on board several days, till a 
clearing was made and a double log house built on Front 



14 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

street very near where the Esten-Walling Block now 
stands. Mr. Larrabee, wife and children occupying one 
side, and the men employed in building the mill occupying 
the other part and boarding with the Larrabees. 

The mill being double and situated on the same site 
where the Phenix mill now is on the North shore of the 
Falls, was completed with all the despatch practicable, 
under the circumstances of a pioneer settlement. Probably 
it was not finished with that skill and neatness which 
characterizes modern structures of that kind ; it neverthe- 
less rendered efficient service to the Company, and before 
the season had closed the quantity of boards sawed enabled 
the occupants to cover the log houses which were tempora- 
rily built for the accommodation of those who had wives 
and children to shelter; two having brought families with 
them. The women and children who had remained at 
Scarborough were removed to Machias in August. They 
were brought in a vessel commanded by Captain Joseph 
Wallaca, father of the Colonel Joseph Wallace who early set- 
tled at Harrington, now Milbridge. He had been engaged 
to carry them from Scarborough by one of the Libby's 
and he took with him a supply of provisions with the in- 
tention of making exchange for lumber; but when he arriv- 
ed at Machias only few boards had been manufactured 
except those taken to supply the wants of the settlers, 
whom he found in a measure destitute. Capt. Wallace, 
however sold his groceries to them, they engaging to furnish 
a cargo on his return the next spring, which was done 
according to agreement. 

During the year 1764 the Inhabitants made nearly one 
million six hundred thousand feet of lumber, which was no 
doubt an extraordinary season's work. "To be sure the 
operators of that time had no great difficulty in procuring 
logs for their mill, and at quite a saving too as to timber 
rent or stumpage, but it is rather surprising to learn that 
the timber, which grew on the northern end of the "Seven 
Acre" lots, so called, should have been landed in Middle 
River stream and floated around to the mills on the main 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



15 



river when by drawing them scarcely half a mile they could 
have been landed at the brow of the mill". 

The mill was divided according to agreement into sixteen 
shares. There was also made this year a division of the mill 
or the seven acre lots. These lots as is generally 
remembered lie on the peninsula between the marsh on the 
South side of Middle River and the North side of the river 
on which the mills were built. These lots were seven rods 
in width extending nearly across the peninsula. Of these 
settler's lots there were eighteen, laid out by the mariner's 
compass. Sixteen of them belonged to the several original 
partners of the Company. The other two were given to Joel 
Bonney, the millwright and Woodin Foster ,the blacksmith, 
and the eleven associates who had wives built a small house 
on each of their respective lots the same year. 

During the year 1765 our Colony increased by considerable 
number, with every sign of future and long continued 
prosperity. A reputation had gone abroad most favorable 
as to its resources. Many persons came this year and settled 
farm lots as well as to engage in the lumbering business. 
Their names are as follows : Daniel Elliot, Joseph Holmes, 
Joseph Libby (better known as Deacon) ,Ebenezer Libby, 
Benjamin Foster, afterwards Colonel of Militia, Joseph 
Sevey, known as Captain, Joseph Munson, Joseph Balch, 
Ezekiel Foster, Joseph Getchell, Benjamin Foss all coming 
from Scarborough. John Underwood, who came from 
Kittery and was the first trader or store keeper; Jonathan 
Longfellow from Cornwallis, N. S. 

In the spring of the same year, 1765, the O'Brien family 
Morris and Sons ; Elliot, Holmes, Underwood and the two 
Libby 's before named commenced a double mill on the 
South side of the Falls on the same site where the late 
Dublin mill stood, but it was not finally completed 'till 
the ensuing March. The families of most of the persons who 
came here this season were moved to Machias in the Fall. 

Sometime in the Summer of 1765, Capt. Iohabod Jones, 
who had formerly been a shipmaster then living in Boston. 
having a strong desire to make an excursion, to the eastward, 



1G HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

chartered a coasting schooner for that purpose and put on 
board a quantity of provisions and other merchandise to 
trade with the people along the coast. On arriving at 
Mt. Desart he heard of the Settlement at Machias, — That 
much lumber was made there and proceeded thither 
immediately. At Machias he disposed of his goods, loaded 
his vessel with lumber for Boston and returned to Machias 
again with additional supplies. On the second trip he was 
invited by Col. Benjamin Foster, Woodin Foster, Samuel 
Scott, Daniel Fogg, Joseph Munson, Joseph Sevey, w T ho 
then resided at East Falls to unite with them and others in 
building a double saw mill on the East Machias river. 
Capt. Jones agreed to join them and build one quarter. The 
frame was cut and prepared and the mill erected on the West 
bank of the river being the first saw mill in the place. The 
mill stood on the same site where the mill Unity, supposed 
to have been named after one of Ichabod Jones' vessels, and 
stood for many years just below the bridge on the western 
side of the stream. Capt. Jones made another trip the 
same season bringing further supplies of goods for his part- 
ners and others. 

In 1766 most of those who built the first mill — part of the 
Company of the original Sixteen — took up farm lots also. 
In March of this year, after a passage of four days, Stephen 
Jones, nephew of Ichabod, arrived at Machias. He is more 
particularly remembered in these later days as Judge Jones, 
having been appointed and acted as Judge of Probate and a 
Justice of the Sessions after the Revolution. He resided 
in Machias 1766 — 1822, when he removed to Boston where 
he died in 1826, aged about eighty-eight years. In a letter 
which he wrote dated Sept. 21, 1825, when nearly eighty- 
seven he said— "I have never made any pretensions to com- 
position or to write gramatically, as I was taught neither 
when young, as my father was killed at Horton, N. S., when 
I was eight years old, thenceforth I lived with my maternal 
grandfather, a respectable farmer of Weston, Mass., till I 
was sixteen. I then went to Worcester to live with my 
uncle who was a joiner. "Farmers' Boys" he adds, "have 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 1" 

do chance for schooling in the summer season of the year 
and if, after harvesting and cider making is over, they can 
go to school until the farming business commences in 1 he 
Spring, and during these periods can learn to spell, read and 
write a little, they do very well." After I was nine years of 
age, lie continues. T would not let any hoy in school, if he 
was ever so old. go before me in reading and spelling. Writ- 
ing or penmanship I never excelled in:— But age has 
impaired my memory so much that I find I frequently 
misspcl words. ' 

In 1766, the Inhabitants having failed two years previous 
in their application to Nova Scotia for a grant of a town- 
ship of land, which should include their settlement. 
petitioned the General Court of Massachusetts for the same 
object; but owing to errors in method of proceedings this 
application received no attention. The appeals to the 
General Court were repeated annually in some form until 
1770. when a grant of the township was made. 

The winter and spring of 1 7<»7 were distinguished as 

seasons of wide spread scarcity. The previous autumn 

arrangments had been made for procuring the usual winter 

supplies, hut owing to some accident or ueglect, the vessel 

engaged to do the freighting was frozen in somewhere on the 

coast, and was detained for a long time. Many a weary 

hour did the Inhabitants watch for her return. On her 

they had not only relied for their family supplies, hut for 

articles and material as would enable them to pursue the 

customary work of drawing logs and providing slock for the 

mills, on the success of which their prosperity f<»r the 

ensuing year entirely depended. Days and weeks passed 

of the gloomy and disheartening type, the dimmed eve 

became weary with watching, ami the heart sadder by each 

hour's delay. The husband and father, as the scanty and 

poor fare was placed upon Ids table, became more and more 

solicitous for the morrow while the wife and mother, with 

womanly courage and heroism, calls forth new sources of 

consolation in the fortitude and self possession which she 

displayed To one the future came as a cloud of impend- 



18 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

ing darkness and gloom : — to the other there was light in 
the silver lining of God's mercy, that sustained her under 
appalling discipline and trial. One, who participated in and 
remembered their sufferings, stated to the author that she 
had prepared many meals from potatoe sprouts, clams and 
a little flour which she had reserved for starch. Of other 
families it became known that the fathers became so weak 
in several instances and so reduced in strength from the 
limited quantity of food, that they had but slight physical 
ability to dig for eels and clams on which they entirely 
depended for subsistan.ee. Indeed the deprivations of the 
Machias people at that time were not less than those which 
the earlier settlers of other sections of New England 
experienced. On one occasion a devout man. presumably 
Parson Lyon, calm and resigned amid the distress of him- 
self and those around him, invited a neighbor to a dish of 
clams, and after dinner returned thanks to God, who had 
given them "To suck of the abundance of the seas and of 
the treasures hid in the sands". 

The people of robust constitutions attempted to support 
themselves and families by hunting for moose and deer,— 
but from their inexperience in the art. this mode was no less 
precarious than tha eel and clam industry, besides in some 
instances long continued want had disabled them from en- 
during the fatigues of a long hunt. By some this was called 
the "Clam year"; by others the season of 'Poverty Time"'. 

"Amid this uncertainty and destitution th° people re- 
mained for two months. Relief came finally:— Capt. 
Jones, who seemed to take a strong interest in the place, 
hearing the vessel which had been engaged to bring them 
supplies was detained, and well knowing from his acquain- 
tance with the condition of things here, that the Inhabitants 
must be in needy circumstances, despatched a vessel to the 
place, with groceries and dry goods, which afforded the 
most grateful relief., 

In 17(58 Capt. Ichabod Jones, Jonathan Longfellow, 
Amos Boynton, John Underwood and others built a double 
saw mill on tin; island in the Falls on the same site occupied 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 19 

by (lie "Rock Mill" in later years. A single saw mill was 
also built by Joseph Getchell and others, who lived on the 

North side of Middle River, al the outlet of the pond known 

as Bowker's Lake. 

Jonathan Longfellow was this year appointed a .Justice 
of tin- Peace, being the first civil officer commissioned East 
of the Penobscot River. 

In 1769 a company of militia of nearly one hundred men 
was formed: Stephen Jones was chosen Captain; Benjamin 
Foster, (afterwards Colonel) Lieutenant and Sylvanus Scott 
Ensign. Capt. Jones' commission was dated August, 7. 

"Id the Ninth year of the reign of his Majesty George the 
Third." appointed him a "Captain of a military company 
of Foot, at a place called Machias, in the Regiment, in the 
County of Lincoln, whereof Thomas Goldthwaite is Col- 
onel." The commission was signed by Thomas Hutchin- 
son then Lieut. Governor of Massachusetts. 

Near the close of 1769 the Inhabitants again petitioned 
the General Court of Massachusetts for a granl of a town- 
ship of land. The petition read as follows: 

"To his Excellency, Francis Bernard Escpr., Captain 
General land Commander in Chief: The Honorable, the 
Council and Honorable House of Representatives of the 
Province aforesaid in General Court assembled at Boston.- - 

The subscribers, Inhabitants of a place called Machias, 
•at part of whom have served his Majesty in t he late wars ) 
1 [iimbly show, — 

That they with their families, according to the King's 
Proclamation, went upon and took possession of a tract of 
land called Machias, bounded as follows, viz: 

"Beginning al a Dry Rock al a place called Eastern Bay. 

near the QOUS • of Mr. Samuel Holmes and extending North 

ten degrees Wesl ten miles; then Mast to North eight miles 
to the first mentioned bounds ; and they have made con- 
siderable improvements thereon, apprehending the same to 
be Crown Lands. Bui so it is may it please your Excellency 
and Honors, that said trad of land falleth within and 
belongs to this Pro\ Lnce. 



20 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



Your Petitioners would represent to the Honorable Court. 
that they are about seventy-four in number, and are with- 
out the common privileges other people within this Province 
enjoy, having no Gospel Minister, Schoolmaster or any 
civic officers whatsoever, which is absolutely necessary for 
the Peace and good order of any people ; and as they are 
willing to pay their part of the Province' current expences, 
as they become able , your Petitioners therefore pray your 
Excellency and Honors would be pleased to take the 
promises into your wise, serious and compassionate consider- 
ation, — and make them a grant of said tract of land, which 
will prevent the ruin of so many families, — and also in- 
corporate them into a town, or otherwise invest them with 
authority sufficient to choose town officers or otherwise 
relieve them, as in your known wisdom and goodness shall 
think best ; and as in Duty bound shall ever Pray ? 



Stephen Jones, 
George Libbee, 
Enoch Sanborne, 
Jonathan Longfellow, 
Reuben Crocker, 
David Libbee, 
William Curtis, 
Isaiah Foster, 
Jacob Libbee, 
Jeremiah O'Brien, 
John Underwood, 
Samuel Kenney, 
Jeremiah Jenks, 
John Wheland, 
Ephriam Andrews, 
Benjamin Foster, 
Ebenezar Libbee, 
Joseph Holmes, 
James Dillaway, 
Joseph Duboisout, 
Samuel Rich, 
George Scott. 



Ezekiel Foster, Jr., 
Jonathan Woodruff, 
Jones Dyer, 
Benjamin Foster, 
Daniel Stone, 
John Crocker, ' 
Obadiah Hill. 
Abial Sprague, 
Samuel Libbee, 
]saac Larrabee, 
Henry Griffith, 
George Sevey, 
Sylvanus Scott, 
Arche Hammond, 
Abial Sprague, Jr., 
Amos Boynton, 
Samuel Hill, 
Sarah Libbee, Widow, 
Joseph Libbee, 
Japhet Hill, 
S< >lonuui Stone, 
Nathan Longfellow, 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



21 



Tiumt li v Libbee, 
Joseph Munson, 
Samuel Scott. 
Job l>urnham,V 
Isaiah Libbee, 
Joseph Sevey, 
Gideon ( )'Brien, 
Samuel Holmes, 
Wool I in Foster, 
Samuel Burnhamy 
Jonathan Carlton, 
Arthur Dillaway. 
Ezekiel Foster, 
.Stephen Parker, 
Aaron Hanscom, 
Joseph Getchell, 
Bartholemew Bryant, 
Benjamin Stone, 



West brook Berry, 
Jonathan Berrie, 
Daniel Hill, 
John 0. Jones, 
Solomon Meserve, 
Thomas Libbee, 
John Bohanan, 
John Berrie, 
Ebenezer Fitts, 
Samuel Stewart. 
Reuben Libbee, 
John Seott, 
Ichabod Jones, 
Jacob Foster, 
Benjamin Holmes, 
Morris O'Brien, 
John W. Foster, 
Benjamin Getchell. 



Upon this Petition the General Court granted the tract, 
as described in the application, the 26tb day of April, 
1770. on the following conditions, namely: "That the 
Petitioners cause a plan of the township to be taken by a 
surveyor and Chairman under oath before the first day of 
January. 1771: that within six years after they should 
obtain his Majesty's approbation of the grant, unless pre- 
vented from so doing by war, they should settle the township 
with eighty good Protestant families ; build eighty houses, 
none to be less than eighteen feet square and seven feet stud. 
clear and cultivate five acres of land on each share fit for 
tillage or mowing; that they build a suitable meetinghouse 
for the Pa blic worship of God, and settle a learned Prot- 
estanl minister and make provision for his comfortable and 
honorable support.'" Each Proprietor was required to 
give a bond to the Treasurer of the Province in the sum of 

titty pounds for the faithful performance of these conditions. 

The Petitioners were further required to obtain his Majesty's 
confirmation within eighteen months. 

The last condition is '"As the township is remote from 



22 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

the center of the Province, and at a great distance from his 
Majesty's surveyor of wood and tirabe, the Petitioners were 
required to take especial care not to destroy or cut any of 
his Majesty's timber on or about said township. The 
conditions of this grant were the same or nearly so, under 
which most of the grants for forty years previous, had been 
made. 

The provision restricting cutting his Majesty's timber on 
the township, refers to conditions in the Provincial charter; 
that all trees of the diameter of twenty-one inches , upwards 
of twelve inches from the ground, were to be reserved for 
masts for the Royal Navy ; and a fine of 100 lbs. was incurred* 
for every such tree cut down without a License first had and 
to be obtained of the King's Surveyor. 

By this grant the Petitioners became proprietors or 
owners in fee of the soil within the limits of the township 
They held their first Proprietary meeting on the eleventh 
of September, 1770. Stephen Jones was chosen Clerk of the 
Proprietors; Jonathan Longfellow, Moderator. Ben- 
jamin Foster, Samuel Scott, Sylvanus Scott were chosen a 
committee to call future meetings. Ejmraim Andrews was 
elected Collector; Sylvanus Scott, Treasurer. Twenty 
shillings lawful money was raised on each original right in 
the township to meet the expenses of running out the lots 
and defining limits of the township and pay Ichabod Jones 
for his expense in obtaining a grant of +he same from ' 'The 
Great and General Court. " The Collector for his compen- 
sation was allowed one sixth in the pound for collecting. 

The most important vote of this meeting was the follow- 
ing confirming as it did the title to lands held previously by 
possession, each settler on the township having located his 
farm or made his improvements wherever his fancy dictated. 

Voted, — "That the first sixteen settlers or builders of the 
first saw mill unmolested enjoy their lots called "mill lots," 
each lot containing seven rods front and extending to the 
marsh back not exceeding half a mile, together with mill 
privilege ; that each Proprietor be quieted in the improve- 
ments he has made and settled upon, ami to possess one 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 23 

hundred rods wide marsh excluded, if it is to be had with 

out dispossessing one another in the improvements they have 
made, together with the mill privileges they now enjoy; said 
lots to extend back so far as to contain the quantity or area 
of two hundred and fifty acres to each first division lot. 

A committee was appointed, Japhet Hill, Isaiah Foster, 
Samuel Scott, to lay out to each proprietor two hundred and 
fifty acres according to the vote of the proprietors — to lay 
out proper roads and landings, and divide the marsh equally 
to each proprietor 

In November, 1770, a meeting was called to see if the pro- 
prietors would agree to send home to his "Sacred Majesty", 
King George the Third, the grant they had received from 
the General Court, for his Confirmation? It was voted 
quite unanimously to send the document or a copy home to 
his "Sacred Majesty?" To pay expense they voted to raise 
twenty shillings on each right which they directed their 
Treasurer to pay to Mr. John Bernard, merchant of Boston, if 
he would obtain a confirmation, and if Mr. Bernard would not 
undertake it. they requested their agent in Boston to employ 
some one else who would be likely to accomplish the desired 
object. 

A double saw mill was built in 1770, by Ichabod Jones, 
Jonathan Longfellow. David Gardner, the last a Quaker 
fromXantucket. near the outlet of Gardner's Lake on the 
( Gardner stream. 

Seven years had now elapsed since the commencement 6t 
the movement to establish a permanent settlement at Machias. 
From the Sixteen which embarked on board Captain Buck's 
vessel in May 1763, their number had increased beyond the 

most sanguine expectation. More than half of the eighty 
persons, who had obtained a grant of the Township, were 
heads of families. Several families were located on each 
side of the river at Machiasport ; soon the Northern side 
of Middle river; some on East Machias River and a larger 
more business like and central , village had grown around 

"West Palls. " Three double saw mills had been built on 

"Kwapskitchwock Falls. ■"Indian name in English 



24 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

"Canoe no walk em. " A single mill had been erected at 
Middle river and a double saw mill at East Falls. The in- 
habitants had obtained, after much trouble and perplexity, a 
•grant of the township, which seemed to them their territorial 
rights ; nothing now remained but to pursue the even tenor 
of their way, with promise of success. 

In July, 1771, the Proprietors voted to hire a minister to 
"preach the Gospel in this place.'* They raised or assessed 
the amount of twenty shillings on each lot holder in the 
township for so long a time as one could be hired for that 
amount. The aggregate raised was eighty-four pounds. 
Joseph Sevey, Enoch Sanborn, Stephen Jones were 
appointed a Committee to contract with a minister. Mr. 
Jones being at Boston in August met the Rev. James Lyon, 
who had recently left Onslow, N. S., where he had been 
preaching, but the people were so poor as to be unable to 
support preaching. 

Mr. Lyon was a native of Princeton, N. J., — educated at 
the College in that town, having received a Presbyterian 
ordination. On the encouragement held out to him by Mr. 
Jones he concluded to go to Machias with his wife and 
children and preach on trial. The next Spring, the people 
liking him, they invited him to remain, offering him eighty- 
four pounds as a salary and one hundred pounds as a "settle- 
ment," together with right to a share in the township This 
offer he accepted and continued to preach here until he died 
in October, 17U4. 

Smith's Centennial says: — "Mr Lyon had a fine musical 
taste as well as voice. A.t one time he published a work on 
music. He had a singular defect of vision, not being able 
to distinguish between the colors black and red. He once 
purchased a piece of scarlet cloth, of which he intended to 
make himself a coat, thinking it was black, until apprised by 
his wife that it would be much more suitable for a uniform 
for a British officer than a dress coat for a clergyman. He 
never was regularly installed as Pastor of the Church which 
he formed." 
James Lyon's Parish work commenced December 5, 1771, 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



25 



and continued until his decease over twenty-three years; — the 
first gospel minister settled in the place and probably the 
first minister to come to the Plantation 

The church was formally organized on the 12th day of 
September, 1782 ; on this day Joseph Libby and Benjamin 
Foster were elected Deacons. The rules and regulations, as 
at the time assented to, were as follows : — 

1st. Persons may be admitted to this church without 
making any public relation of their experience. 

2nd. That all matters of acknowledgment of the breach 
of God's Commandments should be acknowledged before the 
church only. 

3d. That the holy Ordinance should be administered three 
times a year. 

4th. That the months for that purpose should be May, 
August and ( )ctober. 

The Sacrament of the Lord's supper was first administered 
by this church on the 6th day of October, 1772. Probably, 
this was the first observance of the Communion, by any 
religious Society in the Province of Maine East of the Penob- 
scot River. 

The Inhabitants in June and July. 177:5. appointed a 
committee called "Lot Layers." This committee consisted 
of Samuel Scott, Benjamin Poster, Japhet Hill, and they 
engaged Daniel Merit for Surveyor. Messrs. Scott and Foster 
acted as chairmen and stake drivers: also spotting the trees 
and setting stone to mark division lines and bounds. 

The Plantation had voted instructions to the "Lot Layers' 1 
to lay out all the marsh grounds and divide the same equally 
in quantity and quality between the eighty Proprietors In 

pursuance of their duty they met with resistance from some 
of the claimants. The primary canse of the resistance does 
not a] i ear to have been revealed. A meeting of the settlers 

was called at short notice and held at nine o'clock A. M. 
in Judge Jones' barn, which stood on the West aide of Centre 

street directly opposite the present Congregational church. 

The report of the Lot Layers as recorded on the Proprietors 

bo«.ks is in the following words: Messrs Benjamin Foster 



26 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

and Samuel Scott, two of the lot layers, report that they have 
gone so far in the division of the Marsh as to lay out the 
lots on the plan, and should have proceeded so far as to 
have staked out the lots had they not been threatened by 
Japhet Hill, one of the sworn Lot Layers, Samuel Hill and 
some others, who "Swore that they would knock the first man 
down that entered this Marsh upon any such business; 
and that if any man should presume to bring any compass 
and chain and make any use of them they would destroy 
them". Whereupon the Committee thought it not advisable 
to do anything farther toward a division of the Marsh until 
they had acquainted the Proprietors with what they had done, 
and the opposition they had met with." 

The Proprietors no doubt astonished at such profanity and 
forcible argument, adjourned to two o'clock in the afternoon, 
when they passed a couple of very cool and sensible votes in 
relation to the division of the Marsh, and the prosecution of 
those who tresspassed on lots not their own. 

In June and July, 1773, Daniel Merit, as Surveyor, employed 
by the settlers, assisted by Samuel Scott, Benjamin Foster 
and Japhet Hill, established "The courses and boundaries of 
all the Marsh lands in the Township of Machias carefully 
and impartially laid out; the three men named being 
Committee appointed by the settlers, also acting as chairman 
in the said business". 

Mr Merritt divided the "high Marsh" into 84 lots, giving 
description of each lot in a book or pamphlet of 54 pages; 
near the close of which he adds in a foot note, — "If any of 
these lots are difficult to find specially the ministers, you 
may be better informed by looking at the plan with this too." 

Again he writes, "There is 572 acres of High Marsh and 
Thatch lands, there is 181 acres of thatch in all ; subtract this 
leaves 391 acres of Marsh divided into 84 shares, which 
gives four acres and 55 square rods of high marsh per 
share. The thatch land divided into 84 shares gives two 
acres and 13 square rods per share." 

The Surveyor describes lot No. 19 a "very large lot 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 27 

but very bad. and full of drift stuff, and is large for that 
reason. 

No. 39 lot "begins at a stake numbered 38 and 39 and 
runs southeasterly down Middle River and takes all the 
thatch to the town landing near Capt Henry White's house, 
seven numbers 32 to 39 is from Burnt Point to Capt. White's 
Point and all the stakes is numbered." 

To 44 of the thatch lots, after giving courses, the Surveyor 
adds, "Near the Brick Kiln. Potatoe Point side of the river." 
This proves that bricks were made in Machias prior to 
dune, 1773. 

No. 45 "Begins at a rock East of Mr. Morris O'Brien's 
house and south of the thurerfair Creek at the West end, 
and runs East 35 roils ; then North to the river and takes 
all the thatch up to the West." 

Some of the land marks used in recording the Survey are, 
'John Young's Cove' — 'the Brick Kiln' — 'Obadiah Hill's old 
House' — 'Boney's Cove' — 'Joseph Libbie's House' — 'Near 
Sander's Brick Killn' — 'George Sevey's West side' — 'Boney 
Creek' — 'Samuel Libbie's Point' -'Indian River'- 
'Silvanus Scott's Rim' — 'Picter Point and the next Point 
to Picter Point' — "Samuel Scott's Cove" — 'Ezekiel Libbie's 
Landing' — 'East from Samuel Burnham's' — 'David 
Libbie's Point' — 'John Berrie's Point' — 'Daniel Hill's 
House' — 'Daniel Hoit's House' — 'Japhet Hill's apple 
tree near his house, ' 'Joseph Sevey's Creek.' 

"Ephraim Andrews thatch lot begins at the dividing line 
between him and Silvanus Scott, runs West 48 rods, to an 
oak tree that stoops marked S and 9. thence south three 
degrees Wot to the River, and the small piece on the Cove 
or thatch 1m) joining on N. E. side <>f Samuel Libbie's point 
of 90 square rods, is given for to make up for the badness of 
his lot. " 

Thus for aughl that appears of record the matter ended 
quietly, the Proprietors not holding a meeting 'till two 
years later, in July. 177:;. when the disputed territory of 
Marsh lots was finally drawn Eor by lot among the Pro- 
prietors. From this time 'till 17 s l. a period of eight years, 



28 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

including a portion of the Revolutionary War, no meeting 
was held by the settlers, almost every man of the Association 
acting in a Committee of the whole Township on the 
"State of the Colonies." 

In 1774 the first meeting house was built on a lot pur- 
chased by a Committee, who had been appointed by the 
residents, of George Libby, one of the sixteen, being a part 
of the lot now occupied by Libby Hall in Machias. The 
church building was forty-two feet long, twenty-five feet 
wide, one story in height It contained no pews. Ranges of 
seats were placed on each side of the narrow aisle, at the 
head of which a small pulpit was erected. 

The builders, all done by private subscriptions, were 
Stephen Jones, Stephen Smith, sr., George Stillman, James 
Flynn, David Longfellow, William Tupper, William Albee 
Joseph Averill, Amos Boynton, Daniel Meserve, Jonathan 
Pineo, John Berry, Joseph Libbee, Job Burnham, Enoch 
Waterhouse, Obadiah Hill. The building cost 65 lbs. 8 s., or 
three hundred and seventeen dollars. It was a few years later 
purchased by the Town when, in 1785 an amount of money 
was raised to repair and make some changes in the building; 
also to provide a building for religious worship at East 
Falls. Besides the religious services held in the church, 
it was used for Plantation and Proprietors' meetings, and 
for many years subsequent to 1790 , when the County of Wash- 
ington was organized, the various terms of Court were held 
in it; also the first schools of which there is record, were 
kept in the building. The lot was larger then, than it is 
now, as this first meeting house stood East of the present 
Libby Hall site and on land for many years occupied by 
private dwellings. 

In April, 1774, Capt. Ichabod Jones, who, in connection 
with his nephew, Stephen Jones, continued his interest in 
the prosperity of the plantation, came here with his wife 
and daughter on a visit; but in consequence of the 
difficulties arising out of the celebrated "Boston Port Bill," 
and of the apprehensions, which every day grew stronger of 
a rupture between the colonies and the mother country, he 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 29 

remained with his family the following Summer and winter 

his vessel being at anchor in the harbor. 

News of the conflict between the Colonists and British 
troops at Lexington and Concord, near Boston, came to 
Maohias early in May ; the fighting having occurred April 
19, 177."). Capt. -Jones had at this time commenced to 
load two of his vessels, the Unity and the Polly with lumber 
for Boston: he was Captain of the Unity himself, and 
Nathaniel Horton was Master of the Polly. Capt. Jones, 
sailed from Machias in the early part of May, having directed 
Horton to touch at Cape Ann and Salem for a market and 
failing there, to proceed to some port in Connecticut. On his 
arrival at Salem Capt. Horton found the whole country in 
great excitement, and the Inhabitants of Boston Including 
his own family, in great distress. Contrary to orders lie 
proceeded to Boston to bring his family away. Capt. Jones 
was in the town also making arrangements t<> bring from 
Boston his house furniture, as well as the families and 
furniture of John C. Jones, his son and Thomas Lee, a part- 
ner of his son. 

Be seemed also desirous of carrying a quantity of pro- 
visions to Machias for the Inhabitants, who were in a great 
measure destitute; the unsettled state of Public affairs hav- 
ing paralyzed the business of the country during the 
previous year. 

It was necessary, however, in order to remove his own 
property, and that of Ins friends, to apply to Admiral 
Graves, who was in command of Boston Harbor, for per- 
mission, which was granted on condition that Jones should 
return to Boston with lumber with which to construct liar- 
racks for the British troops, who then occupied the Town. 

The Jones vessels were accordingly Loaded with household 
furniture, belonging to Jones, his son and Mr. Lee, together 

with a considerable quantity of provisions, which had been 

secretly conveyed on board, previous to his application to 

t lie Naval authorit lea. 

Admiral Graves ordered the armed schooner, 'Marguerite,' 
cutter of about one hundred tons, carrying nearly forty 



30 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

men, commanded by Midshipman Moore, who was a relative 
of the Admiral, to accompany Jones to Machias. The object 
of this visit of the Margaretta, is said to have been three 
fold ; first, to see that Capt. Jones performed his agreement 
to return to Boston, with a load of lumber ; second, to protect 
him from trouble by the Inhabitants if any should arise; 
third, to carry to Boston the stores of an armed vessel, which 
had been cast away in vicinity of Machias a short time be- 
fore. 

"Ichabod Jones is represented by some persons to have 
been inclined towards his Majesty's Government; if so he 
knew full well that the sentiment of the people at Machias 
to be adverse to his. He probably solicited of Admiral 
Graves the protection of the Margaretta in the outset, not- 
withstanding it was intimated that he expressed some 
uneasiness, that the armed cutter was ordered to accompany 
his vessels to Machias. 

Before he left Boston , however, he appears also to have 
fortified himself with a certificate, from the Selectmen of 
that town, desiring the people here to permit Capt. Jones to 
return and bring away from Boston the distressed in- 
habitants and their effects." The two vessels and the Mar- 
garetta arrived in Machias river on the second day of June. 
The next day as a pre-requisite to reopening his accustomed 
trade with the people, Capt. Jones circulated for their 
signatures, an obligation by which they were to bind them 
selves, not only to carry lumber to Boston as heretofore, 
but to protect him and his property at all events. Failing 
in this he called a meeting of the residents to be held June 
6. There was a general attendance, and a vote was passed 
to allow Capt. Jones to proceed with his business as usual, 
the citizens agreeing to purchase and pay as they had pre- 
viously done. Upon this assurance Capt. Jones landed his 
goods, commenced trading with the inhabitants and loading 
his vessel. 

There is a tradition that Capt, Jones in making sale of 
the supplies from on board of his vessel "Favored those who 
had favored him," and would give credit only to those who 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 81 

voted in favor of permitting him to carry Lumber to Boston. 
It was also the talk among men of Machias, with a greater 
semblance of truth, thai the lumber which he proposed to 
take to Boston, was just what was required to build bar- 
racks for the Royal troops. 

The startling news of the battle at Lexington was yet 
fresh in the patriot hearts of Machias. Doubtless the 
thoughts of Revolution came to them in the dreams of the 
night as well as at their firesides and conversations of the 
day. There were restless minds here fired with the wrongs 
which the Colonies had so patiently endured, and believing 
that tlu' cargoes of lumber for Jones' vessels were intended 
for quarters in which to shelter British soldiery, caused the 
determination that the Jones vessels should not return to 
Boston.. 

At this early date there were only about six tons of 
English hay cut in the Township. The quantity needed 
for lumbering purposes being procured and brought in 
vessels from Nova Scotia. Such was the state of agriculture 
in other respects that only a very limited quantity of 
vegetables were raised, not even potatoes sufficient to meet 
the consumption of the inhabitants. A few cows were kept 
and only oxen enough to draw logs in the wi 

There were about eighty families and nearly one hundred 
single men then living in the territory of Machias all of 
whom depended on lumbering for subsistence. The settle- 
ment was at a great distance from any other considerable 
place; Boston was their source of supply their only 
market. The only mode of communication, or of obtaining 
food to live on in seasons of plenty or of scarcity, was by 
water ; their were no roads, no bridges. The only channel 
of communication could be easily controlled by a vigilant 

enemy. 

There were a few settlers' houses whose occupants were 
in no way able to assist their neighb »rs at Machias. exce] t. 
it' called on, t<> bear arms. Chandler's River then twenty 
miles West by water (now Jonesbi ro) c< otained a •!< /.en 
families. Pleasant E?> rer (now Addison and Columbia) and 



32 HISTORY OF MA CHI AS. 

the Narraguagus River valley contained not over twenty 
families, fifteen to forty miles by water West of Jonesboro. 

These settlers did not know one another in their different 
log houses at the head of bays or on the shores of the 
Rivers; they were struggling for subsistence themselves. 
There numbers were so few that no relief was expected of 
them. Before Jones' arrival in his sloops, it was told by old 
people, in the early part of the ninteenth Century, that 
"There was not three weeks provision in the whole township 
of Machias. Yet in spite of all these adverse circum- 
stances our little Band of Patriots became only the more 
resolute and determined. 

It seems probable that Benjamin Foster of East Falls 
was the leader in originating and outlining a resistance to 
the sailing of the vessels. He became afterwards Colonel 
of militia, and was a man of practical good sense, bold and 
energetic. He had had several years experience in the 
French and Indian War; was at the capture of Louisburg 
and had not wholly forgotten the smell of gun-powder. A 
private meeting was called in which the ready and willing 
Morris O'Brien boys were consulted; who with Ephraim 
Chase, Josiah Weston and others constituted the first 
"Council of war" convened in the incipient stages of the 
Revolution East of Boston. The meeting was first conceiv- 
ed by a few persons in the East room of the Job Burnham 
Tavern. The old Tavern, built in 1770, is now (1903) stand- 
ing preserved in its outlines — same sash and glass, doors, 
chimney, rooms as when the handful of Patriots gathered 
there one day in May, 1775, to discuss the news from the 
stirring fields of Concord and Lexington, being in full 
accord and sympathy with the resistance to British rule in 
New England. This meeting at the Tavern was held on 
Tuesday. Even the silent voices were responsive, if not 
emphatic, when Jeremiah O'Brien said, — 

"Well neighbors what do you think of this report of the 
out-break at Lexington?" 

What rumor was asked? 



FIRST SETTLEMENT, 



33 



— 
c 




FIRST SETTLEMENT. 34 

Why. sai&O'Brieri, "That the first blew has been struck and 
American blood spilled near Boston? 

I move said Foster thai tomorrow we raise a Liberty 
Pole in front of the Town House ! 

"Agreed Agreed" was the response from every soul 
present. 

A "Committee of Safety was then appointed to have super- 
vision of ail affairs relative to the Proclamation lately 
received issued by the Provincial Congress. 

One man present by name of -Jones (Ichabod, probably,) 
who hailed from Boston, suggested thai it "Might be advis- 
able to call a town meeting to act on the propositions dis- 
cussed in the Tavern meeting, which, if the town should 
act favorably, would lend weigh! to acts of this character 
and impart to them the forms of legality." The suggestion 
was favorably received and next day a public meeting was 
held, which was considered quite fully in line with the 
desire of the Colonial Congress, to have all movements so 
far as possible assume form of legal resistence to the 
British yoke. 

The Committee of Safety proposed to the meeting and it. 
was voted by acclamation to immediately plant a "Liberty 
Pole." 

On adjournment a sufficient number of volunteers set 
about the work. They selected a tall, sapling pine pruning 
the branches, leaving only a "tuft of verdure" at the top. 

the best emblem they had at command of the Flag they 
desired to fight for. live and die under! 

Meanwhile other willing hands had dug a deep hole in 
which to plan! the "Tree of Liberty." Long before the 

sunset on that memorable day amid the shouts of the 

assembled inhabitants and the discharge of muskets the 
lofty pole was set and secured. The people gathered around 
the "tree;" there solemn pledges were made and exchang- 
ed to resist the mother country, and if occasion calls to 
sacrifice property and life itself in defense of Colonial Rights 

and Independence. 



35 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

The night succeeding and for a few days these patriots 
anxiously waited the course of events. 

A week or so later, two vessels under convoy of an armed 
Cutter, appeared and cast anchors in the Harbor. As was 
quickly understood, were dispatched to Machias to procure 
lumber, boards, pickets, planks, &c, to be used to house and 
protect King George's troops while they attempted to over- 
awe and further subdue the inhabitants of Boston and 
vicinity. By this arrival confirmation was received of the 
battle at Lexington, and the people of Machias were made 
acquainted with the actual state of affairs in thai quarter, 
regarding which there had been a great degree of uncertainty 
and anxiety. 

The cutter Margaretta which convoyed the merchant 
vessels mounted four, four pound guns and sixteen swivels. 
She was commanded by a spirited, young Irishman named 
Moor, who notwithstanding his coming in the character of 
an enemy, by his gallantry and gentlemanly conduct won 
largely the esteem of the inhabitants. 

Very shortly after his arrival, observing the. "Liberty Pole" 
Captain Moor landed and declared to a group of men, 
who had gathered at the landing, being of the same party 
who had erected it — "That pole must come down." 

"That Pole, sir," said John O'Brien, "was planted by the 
unanimous approval of the People of Machias." 

"Well, sir," rejoined the officer, "with or without their 
approval, it is my duty to demand its removal!" 

"Must come down," repeated O'Brien with a tone deno- 
ting defiance. "Such words are easily spoken, my friend 
I think you will find that it is easier to make than it will be 
to enforce such demand." 

"What? Am I to understand that resistance will be 
made? Will the people of Machias dare to disregard an 
order, not originating with me, gentlemen, but from the 
Government whose officer I am?" 

"The people of Machias," replied O'Brien, "will dare do 
anything in maintainence of their principles and rights." 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 86 

"It is useless to bandy words," rejoined the officer, a 
little nettled at the determined spirit manifested. 

"My orders are peremptory and must be obeyed." 

"That Liberty Pole must be taken down, or it will be 
my painful duty to fire on the town." 

As the youthful officer turned to re-enter his boat he was 
accosted by Mr. Jones, the merchant before alluded to, 
who prevailed upon him to suspend action until a town 
meeting could assemble, when prehaps the people would 
agree to remove the objectionable pole. During this con- 
versation the group of men had disappeared, with the 
understanding that the Committee of Safety would meet 
that afternoon and consult about this startling situation. 

The committee assembled promptly. Being composed of 
the O'Briens, Fosters and kindred spirits, it may be quickly 
imagined what their opinions were in regard to taking down 
the pole. Instead of discussing that question they engaged 
in forming plans to repel an attack should one be made. 
They advised that a town meeting be called to take the sense 
of the inhabitants ! on the question of removing the pole, 
feeling confident that the people would unitedly favor by 
vote to keep it up. 

Meanwhile they made arrangements to send at once to 
Chandler's River, Pleasant River, the latter twenty miles 
distant, and to other settlements requesting the men to come 
to Machias to help in defense of the town. 

The next day. which was Saturday, the town meeting was 
held and the first "Article in the warrant" was at once in- 
troduced. Only a short discussion ensued. There was 
Captain Moor's demand and the threat. In loud and 
distinct voice the Chairman, Colonel Foster, put the 
question, "Lei all those who favor pulling the Liberty Pole 
down say aye?" A silence of deathly tinge prevailed in 

the room until tin- Chairman interrupted by submitting 
another question,— "Those opposed to taking down the 

Liberty Pole will please say No? Instantly and in thunder- 
ing tone No tilled the hall; coming simultaneously from 

every tongue presenl ! 



37 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

"The No's have it," quietly said the Chairman," whose 
voice had unconsciously swelled the chorus and mingled 
with his fellow citizens in this. "The first Declaration 
of War against the Mother Country in the Province of 
Maine." 

Capt. Moore was exasperated on hearing the stand taken 
by the town, and would have put his threat into execution, 
but for the interference a second time by Mr. Jones. This 
gentleman represented to the Captain that the meeting was 
not fully attended ; that the vote was not probably a fair 
expression of the sentiments of the people. By this per- 
suasion Mr. Jones succeeded in obtaining a respite until a 
second meeting could be called and held on the following 
Monday. 

"It will grieve me," said Capt. Moor to Mr. Jones on 
parting, "to resort to extreme measures, but you may assure 
the people, uidess they remove the pole, in one hour after 
the meeting breaks up I will open with my guns on the 
settlement." With this understanding, and with express- 
ions of personal respect, they parted; the one to pace the 
deck of his war like craft, the other to report the result 
of the conference to his neighbors. 

That same evening a party of five met at the house of on« 
Captain Lambert or Elliot, consisting of Jeremiah and John 
O'Brien, Col. Benjamin Foster, Joseph Wheaton and the 
occupant of the house where they met. 

"Gentlemen, " said Jeremiah O'Brien, "Mr. Jones in- 
forms us that unless the tree is taken down on Monday the 
Town is to be fired upon." 

"So we were informed yesterday," rejoined Captain 
Lambert significantly, "yet the tree stands." 

"Yes," added Colonel Foster, "and will stand in spite of 
the King's authority!" 

"Have you heard from the messengers sent to Pleasant 
River and other settlements V" inquired Wheaton of 
O'Brien. 

"One of them returned this afternoon," replied John 
O'Brien. 



first sivrn.F.MKN rr. 38 

"What word docs he bring?" 

"Every man who can leave will be here to-morrow or 
early on Monday." 

"1 hope they will be provided with ammunition" remark- 
ed Colonel Foster 

"Iain afraid not," said John Brien; "the messenger 
reports a scarcity of powder at all flu; settlements to the 
westward of us. However , they are coming and those who 
havn't muskets will bring pitchforks and scythes: — They 
are all aglow with the true spirit, and swear 'Machias shall 
lie defended and the Liberty Tree shall not come down !' ' 

"You said you had a proposition to make," remarked 
Captain Lambert, addressing John O'Brien, who. as yet, 
had remain* d quite reticent. 

"Yes" O'Brien somewhat hesitatingly replied — "yes, 
Mr. Jones informs me that it is the intention of Captain 
Moor to attend religions worship on shore to-morrow." 
"Let's see." continued O'Brien, "about thai time our help 
from the other settlements will arrive and my proposition is 
that we carry concealed arms to the meeting house, and 
when services are over seize the Captain, then capture his 
vessel !" 

"It will he a hold measure and an 0] en act of rebellion. " 
said Wheaton. 

"I am aware of that, " O'Brien continued, "but we have 
the exam] le of the Old Colony people to hack us. " 

"The King and Parliament may call it Rebellion if they 
please, hut we. who are engaged in it, call it Revolution!" 

"Gentlemen, what do you say to my proposition?" said 
the same speaker, breaking the silence that prevailed after 
his hold declaration."! say Aye to it with all my heart," 
exclaimed Colonel Poster and all the resl joined! 

"But, who will be the one to seize the Captain?" asked 
Lambert. 

"I claim that privilege," said John O'Brien. "I will 
have an eye mi him and a place in the meeting house in 
olose proximity to his seat. " 



39 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

"We must make the people acquainted with our design 
so that we may act in concert," said Lambert. 

"And I propose," said Mr. Wheaton, "as we compose a 
majority of the Committee of Safety, that between this and 
to-morrow morning, we ascertain what quantity of powder 
and ball we can have to rely on". 

"You need not trouble yourselves about the balls, " said 
Jeremiah O'Brien, "all the women in the settlement have 
been melting lead this afternoon and intend to cast up a lot 
of balls!' 

"The women are crazier to keep that Pole up than are the 
men. A lengthy, earnest and intensified conversation 
followed the proceedings with reference "How to begin and 
how to proceed," after which the Company adjourned. 

The next morning before the usual hour for religious 
worship, here and there men could be seen straying along 
singly and in pairs towards the church, each bearing a gun 
or weapon of some kind, so carried as to least expose the 
same to view, as the meeting house stood a short distance 
from the shore and the Margaretta lay at anchor in plain 
view from the windows. As the men reached the church 
they concealed their weapons in and about the premises, the 
woods and trees had not then been cut only a few steps 
distant from the building in two directions-, they taking 
seats in such a manner as not to awaken suspicion. 

At the appointed hour Captain Moor arrived and entered 
the church. John O'Brien was on the lookout for him, 
having followed closely and taken a seat quite near and 
behind the Captain. There were no pews in the building 
only temporary seats made of planks, resting on wooden 
legs, for present accommodation. 

On account of the warm atmosphere the windows were left 
open, and from where the English Captain sat he could easily 
see the river. The services commenced ; the singing and 
opening prayer were through with. The preacher appeared 
unusually animated and his sermon seemed to reflect the 
exciting circumstances that were moving patriotic and 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



40 



Liberty Loving minds; moving closely in touch with the 

desires of most of his hearers. 

In the course of the sermon happening to glance through 

an open window, Captain Moor was startled to see men 
crossing the river in the upper part of the place, on logs, 
apparently with guns in their hands; the men no doubt who 
had come from neighboring settlements to join in the defense 
of Machias. 

Realizing the existence of danger and the peril of his sit- 
uation, without betraying alarm or appearing frustrated, he 
assumed his devotional attitude in the sermon. The rapidly 
spoken and impassioned utterances of the preacher ( Parson 
Lyon) engrossed his attention, but lightly ; —his suspicions 
being stirred he could see furtive glances Hashed upon him 
from all around! Near to his seat was the window the 
lower half open full width. The ground was no more than 
three to four feet from the base of the window. Taking his 
opportunity at the moment, when the minister had especially 
set forth his subject in a few pathetic sentences which 
riveted the attention of the audience, the Captain Bprang 
from his bench, leaped across the intervening seats , much 
to the discomfort of the occupants, dashed through the 
window and with double (puck step hastened to his boat on 
the shore. 

In a moment the whole congregation was in an upheaval 
state. The preacher removed his spectacles, remained 
calm as if the expected had happened! 

In the crowding and confusion that followed swift pursuit 
was neglected, and by the time the men had repossessed 
their guns and weapons ready for the chase, the Captain 
was rowing his boat mightily, and was soon safely on 

board his vessel. 
One story of the affair says. "That he commenced firing 

on the town, while the men on shore from the nearest point 
of land returned rapid shots at the \essel." 

In an hour or less Bails were spread and Captain Moor was 
heading down river, his vessel having been at anchor near 

the junction of Machias rive!' and Middle river. 



41 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

No damage was done by the exchanged shots, but 
Machias was in the highest degree of excitement. Nobody 
attended church in the afternoon. At intervals all day men 
were in half dozen or dozen groups, earnest in discussion 
and interchange of opinion, as well as proposing plans for 
future action. 

During the day men kept arriving from out of town. 
Some of them had guns, others pitchforks and two or three 
had scythes fastened on poles; this weapon, as we have 
read, was after the manner of the soldiers of Poland in their 
Revolution ; a most formidable weapon wielded by strong 
arms. 

Monday morning the excitement was not abated; men 
occupied the woods and pathways under arms, while the 
women searched tills and cupboards for powder and lead. 

In proof of the wide spread realization of limited 
ammunition, Hannah Weston, at Chandler's river, wife of 
Josiah Weston, who had already gone to Machias, went 
from house to house of her neighbors and gathered thirty 
to forty pounds of powder, lead, even some pewter spoons, 
enclosed all in a pillow case with the intention of sending 
the same to Machias, as she had often declared to this 
writer — "1 knew they would want it.'' 

All the able-bodied men, eighteen and upward, had gone to 
Machias. Only one man, too old to bear such a burden, 
remained at home. Fe/ered and restless Mrs. Weston, then 
in her seventeenth year, resolved to carry the powder to 
Machias herself. Having secured Rebecca Weston, the 
sister of her husband, aged fifteen, the two set forth on the 
journey early Monday morning, having only the tracks of 
the men and occasionally a "spotted tree" to follow; the 
entire way a wilderness. When the girls arrived at the house 
of Gideon O'Brien in Machias, on the same site where 
the Baptist church now is, well nigh exhausted, they 
discovered the people overflowing with joy, "For the town 
had been saved and the British vessel taken!" 

Hannah Weston's first child was born the October follow- 
ing. She became mother of thirteen children, eleven lived, 



FIRST SKTI'LEMENT. 



42 



to marry and all but two raised large families. Rebecca 
Weston, at the age of twenty, married Josiah Libby; her 
family numbered eight— four sons and four daughters. Tin- 
sons' names were Reuben, Josiah, Joseph, Nathan; the girls 
were Hannah. Mary, Eunice, Rebecca. 

Reuben married Jane Libby, Hannah, Samuel Mad- 
docks. Jr., a son of a Revolutionery soldier; Mary, Joseph 
Whitney; Joseph, Hannah Farnsworth ; Reuben, Eliza 
Farnsworth, sister of Joseph's wife; Eunice, William Carl- 
ton; Nathan. Sybil Farnsworth, niece of Reuben's wife; 
Rebecca. .Joseph Whitney, his second wife 

For the perilous journey Hannah and Rebecca were pre- 
sented each with six yards of "Camlet," enough for a 
dress pattern in those days, costing about four dollars per 
pattern. Messrs. Smith and Stillman, traders at Machias, 
made the present. 

On Sunday the eleventh day of June, Foster, John 
O'Brien and others, appointed a meeting to be held Sunday 
afternoon at O'Brien brook, near Morris O'Brien's house. 
Tradition places the number of men in this conference at 
about sixty, including the men from Moosabee Reach, 
Pleasant river and Jonesboro. 

When the men from settlements west of Jonesboro arrived 
they, with the haudful of Jonesboro men, held a short 
consultation at Capt. Josiah Weston's house. They elected 
John Drisko, 2d. to be Cai tain or leader of their company. 

At the O'Brien brook assembly, "on one side it was 
objected that, if unsuccessful, such was our defenceless and 
destituta condition, we should invite sudden distraction by 
our powerful foe. On the other hand it was urged that 
resistance to British aggression, had already commenced 
elsewhere, and thai it is our duty to follow the noble example 
of our brethren at Lexington." 

Smith's Centennial says: Poster at length, tired of the 
discussion and hesitancy manifested, stepped across the 
Brook near which the party were standing, and invited all 
who were in favor of taking Captain Jones' vessels and the 
Margaretta, to "jump" over also? on this a large majority 



43 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

followed him at once and the minority failing in a unan- 
imous Declaration of war was agreed upon !" 

A plan of operation was immediately arranged. This 
was action by the first known assemblage of Colonists in the 
Province of Maine, in open hostility to the further 
dictation of George the Third and the first direct attack on 
property of Great Britian 

The meeting was adjourned from the brook next to meet 
on board the Margaretta 

London Atus, tradition, undoubtedly, truthfully tells us, 
the negro and body servant of Parson Lyon, was first to 
discover Foster and his companions in arms crossing the 
foot bridge made of logs which connected Dublin Mill and 
Single Mill Island. London made an outcry not knowing 
of the warlike movement and demonstrated his apprehen- 
sions by leaping out of the church window. Jones followed 
Atus' example and made his way to the woods, not appear- 
ing in public until after the Margaretta had been captured ! 

Capt. Moor followed Jones, escaped to his boat on the 
near by shore and reached the Margaretta in safety. He 
showed his resentment by passing a few harmless shots to- 
wards the town and soon weighed anchor dropping down 
just below the "Narrows," where he came to anchor. He 
sent a message to the Committee of Safety that, if the 
Jones' vessels were disturbed, he would return and lire 
on the town. 

Not disheartened by the meeting house episode Jeremiah 
O'Brien, Col. Foster, Ephraim Chase and co-workers deter- 
mined to take possession of the Jones' sloops and it was 
agreed that O'Brien should take charge of one of them with 
forty men, while Foster went to East River to get a 
schooner ready with a compliment of men; both vessels to 
join at the Rim early on Monday morning then pursue the 
Margaretta and capture her if possible? No time was to 
be lost. A band of volunteers was soon collected for the 
purpose at each place. On examining their equipments for 
warfare they found only a few charges of powder and ball 
for twenty fowling pieces, thirteen pitchforks and ten or 



41 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




Scene on Deck of the Margaretta. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 45 

twelve axes. Most of the powder and halls were on 
O'Brien's vessel the Unity. 

"No circumstances, " says one writer, "could more strik- 
ingly exhibit the reckless bravery of those men than, they 
should have been without an acknowledged Leader until 
they were in sighl of the enemy, when Jeremiah O Brien 
was unanimously chosen Commander." 

Colonel Foster succeeded in making his schooner, called 
the "Falmouth Packet, " ready in due season; but before 
the attack was commenced on the Margaretta, the Falmouth 
Packet gol aground, Leaving O'Brien to ]>nsh on to the 
encounter single handed. O'Brien's crew all undisciplined 
men in the art of war. especially on the water, and were 
provided with no more than three rounds of ammunition. 
The plan was to place the sloop along side and capture the 

Margaretta by boarding. On approaching Moor's vessel 
who was already for action. Captain Moor hailed O'Brien to 
know his demands; declaring that if they approached Dear 
lie should tire. O'Brien, called on him to surrender, while 
E Imund Stevens, O'Brien's Lieutenant, called out "Fire away 
and bed— d!" Captain Moor seemed desirous to avoid 
a collision and the breeze from the Northwest becoming 
stronger he crowded all sail. In jibing the Margaretta 
carried away her main boom, but sailed on and ran in to 
Holmes* Bay, where Captain Moor took a spar out of a 
vessel lying there in charge of Captain Roberl A.very, who 

was pressed on board to be Pilot of the Margaretta. Her 

repairs were finished, the wind Eavoring she stood out to 
sea in the apparent hope to escape the sloop, but the latter 
was the better sailor. Captain Moor cast off his boats, bui 
this proving ineffectual he opened fire on the sloop! 
T • fire was returned with determination and good results 
by Captain O'Brien and his resolute crew. Soon the two 
vessels came together. A sharp conflict now took place 
with musket ry at short range Capt. Moor himself throwing 
hand grenades. He was soon felled by a shot and the crew 
of the sloop leaped on board the Margaretta! The first man 
who landed on deck was John O'Brien: the second was 



46 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Joseph Getchell ; — the latter often saying in his later days 

"I did not know which foot was on board of the Mar- 
garetta first, mine or John's." 

Captain Moor having been mortally wounded in a brave 
defense, his next in command, a young midshipman by 
name of Stillingfleet, who was so terrified that he jumped 
down into the cabin, leaving the crew of the sloop to take 
possession without any resistance. 

Of the Colonists one man was killed by the name of John 
McNiell, an Irishman, leaving a widow and two or three 
children. Robert Avery, a brother of James Avery of 
Machias, was killed. James Coolbroth was mortally wound- 
ed and died in a short time. Three other men were badly 
wounded, viz: — John Berry, who afterards lived at Hadley's 
Lake, and later received a pension of eight dollars per month 
during his life — a ball entered his mouth and came out 
behind his ear. Mr. Berry often remarked that the English- 
man who shot him "fell as soon as I did." Two other men 
wounded were Isaac Taft and James Cole, who were laid by 
for several weeks under the care of a surgeon, Dr. Win. 
Chaloner. 

Of the Margaretta's crew four were killed besides Captain 
Moor, who died of his wounds. Captain Robert Avery who 
was impressed from the coasting schooner in Holmes' Bay, 
by Captain Moor, as before mentioned. Avery sat on deck 
completely dazed during the battle until he was shot. 
The other three were sailors or marines. 

The first gun fired was by the Margaretta, and killed one 
man on board of the American sloop. The hand grenades 
inflicted severe damage. The fire was returned by the sloop 
the first man killed was the helmsman on the Margaretta, 
whose cpaarter deck was then for a few minutes abandoned. 
The sloop boarded bows on — her bowsprit piercing the 
mainsail of her foe. The vessels then swung together, and 
the attempt made to board by the Americans failed by the 
separation of the vessels. They soon swung together again 
when the battle ended by the fall of Captain Moor. The 
captured vessel was brought to Machias on the same day, 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 47 

he was taken, Monday, the twelfth day of June, 1775. 

The crew of the Margaretta were brought to the village 
as prisioners of war, here they remained for nearly a month. 

Captain Moor was immediately landed and every care and 
attention was bestowed upon him. He was carried to the 
house of Stephen Jones, where he died the next day. 

The other wounded persons were all brought to the 
village, a part of them were taken to the Burnham Tavern, 
occupying the East room, and a part were placed in a shop 
owned by Jonas Farnsworth which for the time was utilized 
for a hospital. There was no 'physician in the place. Jonas 
Farnsworth was immediately dispatched to Annapolis, N. 
S., for a Surgeon, and returned with Doctor William 
Chaloner, who the next season removed his family to 
Machias, being the first settled physician in the place. 

When Captain Moore came to Machias he had on board 
his vessel, the Margaretta, two young ladies hailing from 
Boston, as passengers, one of them the niece of Ichabod 
Jones, the other related to the Jones family ; the former was 
his affianced, and they were to be married at Halifax, N. S., 
whither he was bound after seeing Jones' vessels loaded and 
ready to sail for Boston. To the young lady the result of 
the conflict of June 12th was a sad tragedy. She was visit- 
ing in her uncle's house, when the dying lover was brought 
to its door. The shock was too great as tradition tells us, 
she passed on in less than a year succeeding Captain Moor's 
death. 

There has ever been difficulties in obtaining names of the 
men who joined Captain Jeremiah O'Brien and Colonel 
Benjamin Foster's forces in this the first Naval battle of the 
Revolution. 

In the eye of the British Government they were held to 
be only a piratical Band. The attack on the Margaretta was 
more than a year before the Declaration of Independence; 
—it occurred several days before the battle of Bunker Hill. 

Tt followed closely the battle at Lexington. Probably 
the men in the Battle of the Margaretta were not especially 



48 



HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 



anxious to have their names made public until after the 
surrender of Cornwallis ; more especially until after the seige 
of Machias, of three months duration in 1777, had been 
raised, as the several attemps made by Naval Commanders, 
under orders by Admiral Graves, who commanded the entire 
British war fleet on this side of the Atlantic. 1770 to 1779 or 
later, to "Proceed and reduce Machias" in 1776 and again 
in 1777, Graves gave peremptory orders to Sir George 
Collier; "Go, — destroy Machias;" — had Foster, O'Brien or 
any of their crews been captured, they would have suffered 
the death penalty without trial — not even Court Martial ! 

The following are all the names of which I have evidence 
as having participated in the attack on the Margaretta, June 
12, 1775: 

Jeremiah O'Brien in command, 
John O'Brien. 



William O'Brien, * 
Joseph O'Brien, - 

Samuel Watts, 
John Steele, > 
John Drisko, Jr., 
Judah Chandler, 
John Berry r - 
James Cole, • 
Richard McNiel," 
John Hall. 
Jesse Scott, 
Wallace Fenlason, 
Ezekiel Foster, ' 
Joseph Clifford, 
Jonathan Brown, 
Josiah Libbee, " 
Joseph Getchell, 
James Sprague, 
James N. Shannon, 
Benjamin Foss, 
William McNeil, 



Edmund Stevens, Lieut., 
Gideon O'Brien, 
Dennis O'Brien, " 
Richard Earle, Negro, 
(Body servant of Jeremiah O'Brien,) 
Jonathan Knights, 
Josiah Weston, - 
Joel Whitney, 
John Merritt, 
Isaac Taft. 
James Coolbroth, 
Nath'l Crediforth. 
Joseph Wheaton. 
John Scott, 
Joseph Libbee, ■ 
Simon Brown. 
Beriah Rice, 
Samuel Whitney, 
Elias Hoit, 
Seth Norton, 
Obadiah Hill, 
Daniel Meservey. 
John Steel, jr.. 
Nath'l Fenderson, 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 49 

John Mitchell, Ebenezer Heal, 

Win. Mackelson, John Bohanan, 

John Tomas, Thomas Bewel, 

Joseph Q-etchell, jr., Abial Sprague, 
David Prescott. 

.Machias. Bunker Hill, preceded only by Lexington, made 
open and undisguised warfare unavoidable between the 

Colonies and ( < reat Britain. 

"Taking all the circumstances of the occasion into view. 
especially the remote position of Machias from any place 
where assistance could be obtained, the capture of the 
Margaretta must be considered as one of the most hold. 
energetic and extraordinary occurrences of the times. The 
people at Lexington or at Bunker Hill united to resist 
oppression by the King and they could afford to, surround- 
ed as those places were, l>y a large population; and well as 
the heros of the 19th of April and the 17th of June deserve 
the honors which posterity has bestowed upon them. 
equally with them should be honored and remembered the 

heroes of the twelfth day of June. 177."). at Machias. 

In a few days after the ca] hire of the Margaretta a meet- 
ing of the inhabitants was called, to decideon what measures 
it mighl be deemed advisable to take in the emergency. 

A committee of "Correspondence, Vigilance, and Safety.*' 
consisting of Deacon Joseph Libby, Stephen Smith. Ben- 
jamin Foster. Jeremiah O'Brien, James X. Shannon was 
chosen, as had been d< ae in several of the towns in the 
earlier jettled parts of .Massachusetts. This com- 
mittee were entrusted with the defense of the town, and 
the management of such of its affairs as shall seem from 
time to time uecessary. < hi occasions of extraordinary 
interest they had power to call a meeting of the inhabitants, 
to whom the Committee reported their proceedings and 

awaited instructions. The settlement was placed under 

martial law from this time to the close of the Revolution 
The Committee acting as Genera] Supervisors over its 

Civil, Financial and Mi lit an Departments. 
The Committee of Safety, on consultation with the people 



50 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

decided to retain possession of ones' sloops and commenced 
at once to fit one of them, the Unity, into a "Man of War. " 
The vessel was supplied with 'breastworks', and armed with 
the guns and swivels taken from the 'Margaretta. The 
name was changed from Unity to "Machias Liberty." 
Jeremiah O'Brien was appointed to the command by the 
committee. In ten days she was ready for sea, and "Captain 
O'Brien set sail for a cruise in the Bay of Fundy in search 
of an English vessel called the "Diligence, which belonged 
to the British Navy and was employed in exploring the 
coast much to the annoyance of settlers. After three weeks 
of unavailing success O'Brien returned. 

Meanwhile a constant watch and guard was maintained 
to prevent any surprise or sudden dash by the enemy. The 
residents had voluntarily assumed hostile attitude by taking 
a British armed vessel, hence apprehensions of signal 
retaliatory measures were feared, which might come to the 
place by any of the English armed cruisers, whose com- 
manders should hear of the Machias rebellion ! 

Guard boats were provided, well manned to cruise among 
the Islands in the Harbor and Bay. Efficient officers, like 
Jeremiah O'Brien, Col. Benj. Foster, Ephraim Chase were 
given command. These Guard Boats were instructed to 
sound quick alarm in case any ships of war were seen ap- 
proaching the Harbor. Captain Stephen Smith was placed 
in charge of this department as general manager. He estab- 
lished Head Quarters for several months at Bucks Harbor, 
seven miles from Machias on the West side of the river; 
occasionally Capt. Smith would take a run easterly to 
Quoddy Head and westerly to Narraguagus Bay. 

A British officer of high rank, presumably Sir George 
Collier, was heard to remark while in the vicinity of Boston, 
thaf'The dam'd rebels at Machias were a harder set than 
those at Bunker Hill". 

In view of the known, existing enmity of all grades of 
British authority, the people of this place realized their 
danger: — hence every man and woman resolved themselves 
into a "Committee of the Whole." 



FIRST SETTLF.MEN I ^1 

A few days after O'Brien's return, on the 14th of July, 
the English schooner Diligence of eighty tons and her ten- 
der, the Tatmagouch, appeared in the bay and anchored a 
short distance from Buck's Barbor. The Diligence was 
commanded by one Knighl ; was armed with four, four pound 
carriage guns. Capt. Knighl said he was hound for Boston, 
and had only pul in at Machias to learn the particulars 
about the capture of the Margaretta of which he heard be- 
fore leaving Annapolis. He with two of his crew bad come 
on shore in a boat to make enquiries of Machias people 
living at the Harbor. Capt. Smith and Ids Cutter's crew, 
in the meantime had Becreted themselves on the Island Dear by 
and near where Knight and Ids men must pass iu their boat. 
At the right moment Capt. Smith and his men showed 
themselves, and being well armed they compelled the Ca] tain 
and his men to go on shore and remain! Captain Knight 
tremblingly informed Captain Smith, that he had no hostile 
intent in landing at Machias. only to inquire about the 
Margaretta, and urged very persistently to be released. He 
was informed that he must go to Machias with his boal and 

crew, where the Committee of Safety and the people would 

decide his case. On his arrival here, the aexl day. he was 
informed it had been decided that Knight and his crew 
should lie held prisoners, and the committee directed 
Capt. Jeremiah O'Brien in the Liberty and Capt. 
Benj. Foster in the Falmouth Packet, to proceed to Buck's 
Barbor; take the Diligence and Tatmagouch up to the vil- 
lage. O'Brien and Foster as soon as the tide served went 
down accordingly and on reaching the vessel ordered their 
colorsstruck! Lieutenant Spry then in command Beeing so 
powerful force round him al on,,' surrendered and vessels 

and prisoners were sailed up to Machias. 

The Commitee of Safety despatched a special Messenger 
(London Atus) to the Provincial Congress then at Cam- 
bridge, with account of the capture of the Margaretta and 

other vessels. 
Onthe26thof June that body passed the following: 

"Resolved that the thanks of thisCongreSS he and herei.yare 



52 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

given to Capt. Jeremiah O'Brien and Capt. Benjamin Fos- 
ter, and other brave men under their command, for their 
courage and good conduct in taking one of the Tenders be- 
longing to our enemies, and two sloops belonging to Ichabod 
Jones, and for preventing the Ministerial troops being 
supplied with lumber; and that the said Tender sloops 
their appertenances and cargoes remain in the hands of 
Captains O'Brien and Foster and the men under their 
command ,for them to use and improve, as they shall think 
most for their and the Public's advantage, until the further 
order of this or of some future Congress or House of Rep- 
resentatives. 

September 19, 1776, the Committee of Safety directed, 
with other orders, that Captain Stephen Smith keep one 
half of his men on duty at a time; that an advanced Guard 
of a Coporal and four men be kept cruising every day among 
the islands naming "Birch Point " as their head quarters, 
and that the main Guard be stationed at the Rim. A boom 
had been built across the river at the narrows, (Rim,) the 
preceeding July. A breastwork on the south side of the 
River was partly built at the same time and completed in 
September. 

Sylvanus Scott, who lived at the Rim, was directed also to 
build a sufficient breastwork near his house, together with 
watch-box or lookout and house for men. The remains of 
the breastwork or Fort Foster, on the East side of the river 
near the Rim are yet plainly to be seen, though built one 
hundred and twenty-seven years ago. 

The Fort on the West shore of the river at Machiasport 
is yet well preserved in its outlines also the magazine. This 
Fort was named O'Brien. The O'Brien family had quite a 
hand in building it in 1775 — also strengthening it in 1777. 
It was occupied in war of 1812-14, Lieut, Morse being 
stationed there with a limited number of men. Also, in 
the civil war during the raids of the Confederate ship 
Alabama on Northern shipping a company of troops 
occupied the fort. 

During the Summer of 177H John Allen, a man of recog- 



KIRST SI III EMI M . 53 

nized ablity and an influential resident of Cumberland, N. 

S.. because of his sympathy with (he American Revolutionists 
was obliged to abandon his home and property and was 
forced to leave Nova Scotia. His wife and children were 

made prisoners, his property confiscated and a part <>t' his 

buildings laid waste by tire. He came to Machias and from 
his recognized influence among the Eastern Indian tribes 
was employed by the Colonial ( Jo\ eminent and Com- 
missioned as Colonel of the American troops in (he Province 
bf Maine to the "Eastward of Mt. Desert." He was also 

placed in command as Superintendant of the Eastern Indian 
De] artment, with Head Quarters in Machias. 

Owing to representations of the ease with which, he 
believed thai Nova Scotia could be taken, in conjunction 
with Rev. Mr. Lyon who shared in the opinion, it was that 
a number of schemes were debated and planned in 177U. '77 
for an attempt to accomplish the work. While none of his 
plans were put into practical movement, enough was done to 
attract the serious attention of the British authorities. 
Machias being near to Nova Scotia it was made the central 
place of rendezvous, and arrangements were in progress to 
mass here the invading forces and store the necessary 
material for the Nova Scotia campaign. 
This design in some way must have been disclosed to the 
British Admiral at Boston, who forthwith advised the 
Government of Nova Scotia of what would probably occur. 
It was alleged that Large supplies of provisions, ammu- 
nition and clothing were already deposited in Machias; that 
bo me portion of the troops had arrived, Colonel Allen, 
who was indefatigable in all that he was charged with, hav- 
ing carried there many valuable presents for the Indians 
who were to be allies of Allen's invading forces, and the 
enterprise was Hearing completion. 

The Governor of Nova Scotia believed the alarming re- 
ports. Convinced of imminent danger he made application 
to Sir George Collier, who was. with a fleet of several 

vessels under his command, at Halifax-, also to General 

Massev who commanded the land forces, and stated that the 



54 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

only way to prevent the threatened attack was to begin with 
the rebels at Machias, before their departure from that 
place. 

General Massey declined, saying he was ordered to the de- 
fense of Halifax, and that he had no power to move troops 
out of the Province. 

Sir George Collier replied that he would sail and do every 
thing in his power to destroy the magazines at Machias 
and prevent the invasion. He immediately put to sea with 
the Rainbow and Blonde two armed frigates carrying forty- 
four guns; the Mermaid, twenty-eight guns joined him on 
the way ; he also found the cutter Hope near Mt. Desert, 
which he had previously despatched to procure intelligence 
of what was doing at Machias. 

Captain Dawson of the Hope reported to Sir George that, 
there was no doubt of the intended enterprise ; that by a 
spy he had sent he learned reasons to suspect that many 
traitors in Nova Scotia intended to join the rebels as soon 
as they arrived there ! Upon this news Sir George moved 
on and with his squadron, arrived in Machias, anchoring 
at Buck's Harbor the 13th of August, 

News of the arrival of 'Collier's fleet in the Lower harbor 
was speedily reported to the town authorities, and the alarm 
in consequence of so formidable force appearing against the 
unprotected settlement, as existed here at this time, was 
serious in the extreme. But few troops had arrived destined 
for the Nova Scotia expedition, nor had any large supplies 
of ammunition and arms been received. Probably no 
question more momentous ever agitated the minds of our 
people than this on that day. An armed force was in the river 
capable of destroying the settlement in a few hours. They 
had neither experience or strength to cope with the ap- 
proaching power. Seeing that nothing could be gained by 
ignoble surrender whatever the odds against them, they deter- 
mined to make all resistance possible. 

The women and children, with such valuables as could 
be removed of the dwellers by the river sides, were sent into 



FIRsT SETTLEMENl 



the woods at a distance Erom the semes of the coming 
conflict. 

In the meantime the settlers made the best disposition of 
their resources for defense. The whole male population 
capable of bearing arms enlisted in the work. The Indians 
of whom there were about fifty with some of the whites were 
stationed at White's Point, near where the Railroad Station 
LB now. where breastworks were hastily built under the com- 
mand of Captain Stephen Smith. Colonel Foster, who had 
seen something of war at the taking of Louisburg, had charge 
of the entrenchments on the North side of the river at the 
Kim while a detachment was sent, under command of Major 
George Stillman, to take charge at the South side of the 
river at tin' same j lace. 

The Frigates came up river as far as the largest of them 
could with safety and having transferred to the Hope, which 
drew less water, a sufficient number of marines from the 
other vessels. Captain Dawson continued up the river, until 
be encountered the Loom at the Kim. A hot fire was sent 
on the Hope from Foster's Guard on the one side and Still- 
man's on the other side, but Dawson landed a part of his 
men on the North side about one hundred rods below Foster's 

battery and under cover of the woods and fog that prevailed 
came very near capturing Foster's command. They barely 
made their escape. Dawson's men on examining the boom 

found a way to separate it and as soon as the tide served. 

the Hope and a coasting sloop taken by her. slowly pro- 
ceeded up river towards the Village. Meanwhile Cawsoii's 
men had burned two dwelling houses and barns, the Guard 
house and a small structure used for a tannery. One of the 
houses and the tannery burned belonged to S> Lvanus Scott. 

the other house to Fphraim Andrews 

The Hope came up to the mouth of Middle River where 
anchor was dropped. Captain Dawson sent men out in 

boats several men to sound the depth of water, with the in- 
tention of placing his vessel nearer the dwellings of the in- 
habitants, that bis guns might effect the more complete de- 
struction 



56 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Next morning early it was seen that our force at White's 
Point under Captain Smith was quite within musket shot 
of the enemy, and was prepared to give him a "powder and 
shot welcome," as soon as he could be reached. 

Francis Joseph Neptune, a Chief of the Quoddy Tribe of 
Indians — impatient for strife interviewed Captain Smith 
and received permission to tire on one of the boats in which 
a British officer standing was chosen for his target! Captain 
Smith thought it a waste of powder, the distance was so long, 
but Neptune persisting in earnest appeal permission was giv- 
en, and the Chief ventured out of the earthworks, crawled 
through the grass, weeds, and mud and water to White's 
wharf and fired at the red coat but the shot passed over him do- 
ing no harm. Upon this failure he accosted Captain Smith 
with the significant Indian grunt, — "Sartin me hit him next 
time, Cappen." With that true self possession of the Eed 
man he reloaded his gun; the second shot hit his mark — the 
officer fell overboard dead ! 

There was evidently much confusion on the boats and the 
vessel. The men in the boats were immediately called on 
board, the anchor hauled in and the Hope commenced 
dropping down river. As soon as the officer fell the Indians 
elated by the deadly shot of their Chief induced by a supply 
of "much rum," gave utterance to their terrifying war 
whoops, in which the whites of the detachment joined, as 
heartily and as wildly as the Indians. The British marines 
had dread of the warfare of American Indian's and the yells 
on this occasion echoing and reechoing over the waters and 
through the forests sent deathly dread into their ranks and 
they appeared glad to make their escape as the "Woods ap- 
peared full of them." 

As the Hope sailed down the river she encountered mus- 
ketry, wherever she came near to the South shore, from 
Major Stillman's forces. About dark the Hope became 
"stuck in the flats" near half a mile above the Kim. as the 
men disappeared below deck, Stillman came to the village. 

In consultation with the Committee it was decided to fol- 
low the retreating foe. The next morning Colonel Foster 



KIKSI >i I i LEMENT. ■ r >" 

ordered his men into the batteries and arrangements made 

to attack the Hope before she floated. Prom this point a 
constant fire was kepi upon her as she passed 'till she ran 
aground the second time a few rods below the Kim Narrows. 
A remnant of Stillman's battery on the Smith side with- 
drew, by false intelligence that the enemy was Landing in 
full force from the ships at Buck's Harbor, and were march- 
ing to the relief of the Hope. 

In the meantime some of the people at the Tillage obtain- 
ed a cannon, three pounder, and carried the gun where it 
could be brought to bear on the Hope. In passing an ex- 
posed point . those who had the piece in charge, made a 
bier upon which the gun was placed, and being covered by a 
blanket., so as to present the appearance of a funeral pro- 
cession. it was placed within a short distance of the Hope 
who .supposing it to he the body of some one dead from her 
shots, suffered the transaction to pass unmolested! Shortly 
the dead man spoke! The Captain became so greatly 
alarmed, that preparations were in progress to abandon the 
Hope, when the size of the balls was discovered. As these 
were small the crew ventured to stay by the vessel until 
high water when she again floated and proceeded to join 

her consorts below. The Captain of the Hope was much 
annoyed and his vessel not a little damaged by the cannon 
small though it was. A day or two later the fleet disappear- 
ed having Bailed for Halifax. 

It can l>e readily supposed that our people were rejoiced 
to he rid of so formidable enemy as the Collier fleet, as they 
might have been had Sir George known our actual weakness 

Such however was the spirit, vigilance and energy of 
Mi. -hias'hrave defenders, their incessant lire of musketry 
on both shores of the river, that the defense appeared to the 

enemy ten fold stronger power than it really was. 

Of the killed and wounded in the different engagements 
of the three months conflict, tradition -places the British loss 
at nearly one hundred men. This is probably too large 
estimate. The English officers reporl was three killed and 

eighteen wounded. ( )f the Americans, a young man by 



58 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

name of James Foster of East River, was killed while pass- 
ing an exposed place across the marsh, and Jonas Farns- 
worth was wounded in the head during the engagement at 
the Rim. 

When he returned to Halifax in November, Sir George 
Collier made an extravagant report of the service he had 
rendered, and received the thanks of the Governor and 
Council therefor. He stated that there were three large 
magazines of clothing, provisions and ammunition, all very 
valuable, which, as the rebels increased fast and kept up a 
constant fire from the woods, there was no possibility of 
bringing any part of them away. The buildings were there- 
fore set on fire and the whole consumed, together with a 
large corn mill and three saw mills. The habitations of the 
people were spared, he said, because he wished to bring 
back the infatuated settlers by acts of lenity rather than 
severity ! Considering the force of the enemy all this was 
achieved with much less than might have been expected. 

DECLARATION. 

Shortly after his arrival at Halifax he published and cir- 
culated the following: 

By Sir George Collier, Commander of His Majesty's ship 
and having charge of the Rainbow, King's ships and vessels 
employed on the coast of New England and Nova Scotia. 

"The Inhabitants of Machias not satisfied with the quiet 
they enjoy, whilst a great part of America is suffering the 
inconveniences attendant on war, have thought proper with 
out the least provocation, several times to invade and 
ravage the possessions of their innocent and peaceable 
neighbors — faithful subjects of the King — in the Province 
of Nova Scotia, and likewise had the temerity last winter to 
invest Fort Cumberland, in the Bay of Fundy, belonging to 
his Majesty. 

Such repeated outrages could not pass unnoticed and ac- 
cordingly, I thought proper to convince them, a few misled 
people, that their harbor was accessible and their town at 
our mercy, if it was judged necessary to reduce it to ashes. 



FIRST 51 I I LEMEN I , 59 

His Majesty"* ship Hope, therefore, after proceeding up to 
the town, in spite of all the opposition that could he made 
againsj her. showed the inhabitants at the same time, 

a proof of lenity and moderation, by sparing the place and 
doing no injury to individuals, in the wish that sueh for- 
bearance mighl he the means of preventing a repetition 
of the cruel and injurious inroads they have made on their 
neighbors wantonly and without reason. 

In order however that these motives of the lenity and 
forbearance, shown not only at Machias hut in Townsend 
harbor ami other places, may lie properly understood, and 
let the subjects <>f His Majesty in the Eastern parts of New 
England know, what they have to trust to in future. I think 
proper to declare that, if any more preparations shall be 
made for ravaging the Province of Nova Scotia, or that the 
inhabitants should attempt collecting fresh magazines or 

associating themselves for such a villanoUS purpose, the 
consequence will inevitably be laying in ashes every .house 

mill . storehouse and other buildings belonging to them, of 
winch the inhabitants of Machias, Narraguagus, Goulds- 
borough and all other places on or near the seacoast will 
take notice ;— besides which their harbors shalJ he mi effec- 
tively blocked up by the ships ami vessels of His Majesty, 
that even their fishing boats will not he suffered to come 
out before the rebellion is over. 

With this generous caution before them the Inhabitants 

on the eastern coast will act as they think proper, hut they 

musi remember, if th*»y draw the threatened punishment, 

that they have nobody to blame for it hut themselves and 
in order that every proper method to induce the King's sub- 
jects before mentioned to live inoffensivly and peaceably 

shall he used. 1 hereby declare that if they do so. His 
Majesty's ships of War will have orders not to injure or 

molest the fishermen in theii occupation of catching fish, 

provided their vessels carry no arms, and that the number of 

men do not exceed eighl il e of them. 

Given on board His Majesty's ship. Rainbow, in the 



60 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

harbor of Townsend, in New England, the 2nd day of Sep- 
tember, 1777. 

GEO. COLLIER. 

To the Inhabitants of Machias, Narraguagus and Goulds- 
borough, and the rest of the Settlements on the Eastern 
Coast of New England." 

The facts of the case are that there was no destruction of 
property by Sir George, Captain Dawson or other British 
commander who visited Machias river, except the two dwell- 
ings, guard house and small grist mill on Butterfield's creek, 
as before mentioned. The visit of Commodore Collier accom- 
plished nothing towards the reduction of Machias or "laying 
it in ashes. " The provisions and material for the N. S. 
expedition had not arrived, and if they had they would 
have been stored in the village, with no vessel of Col- 
lier's fleet, except the Hope approaching within seven miles ! 

In consequence of this attempt by Collier to capture 
Machias, General Washington ordered Colonel Jonathan 
Eddy, to raise a regiment and proceed to Machias to assist 
in the defense of that town. Colonel Eddy had met Wash- 
ington in Cambridge in 1775; so by E.ldy's familiarity with 
affairs in Nova Scotia, where he had then resided for several 
years. Washington gave him a commission with the rank 
of Colonel, hence the order to Eddy to proceed to Machias 
in 1777. 

Col. Eddy's regiment consisted of companies of Militia 
from Lincoln and Cumberland Counties. Capt. Daniel Sulli- 
van, of Sullivan, marched his company of fifty three men to 
Machias in September 1777. February 28, 1778, the Adj't 
General of Massachusetts audited Capt. Sullivan's account and 
a Resolve was passed allowing him 91 pounds, 13 shillings 
and 4 pence for "services at Machias." 

Captain George Hasten's Company was also "Marched to 
Machias" with Sullivan's. The Muster rolls on file at the 
State House in Boston show the different companies who 
were in Col. Benjamin Foster's Regiment during the seige 
of Machias in 1777, and these rolls show that the men were 
not discharged until Norember and December of that year. 



FIRST SET! I EMI NT. *> 1 

The names of Nathan Whitney. Serg't. .John Nash, 
Moses Wboster, George Tinney, James Campbell, who were 
years later known as residents of Columbia and Cherryfield 
did service in Captain Sullivan's company. 

At the same time Colonel John Allen had charge of sev- 
eral companies of Militia besides the friendly Indians, all 
of whom acted in conjunction with Colonel Eddy's forces 
in repelling the English invasion of Machias River. 

There must have been in flu* near neighborhood of 
thousand troops quartered in the vicinity of .Machias for 
three months ending in November, 1777. How these men 
subsisted is the question suggested? 11 will he borne in 
mind that quite large supplies were provided for Colonel 
Eddy's and Colonel Allen's contemplated expedition against 
Fort Cumberland in Nova Scotia. These supplies were not 
risked by the blockade of British cutters, kepi almost i a- 
stantly in the lower harbor of Machias from duly. 1777 to 
the time of the withdrawal of Collier's I lee t 1 )ec. same year, but 
tradition observes that the sloops conveying these supplies 
found the way into Englishman's River; thence the .i^oods 

were easily brought to .Machias. Besides in the season of 

177() — 1777 a large proportion of the famines including old 

men. women and children left their homes, and quite a 
settlement of camps was made on "Old Stream," where they 

remained for two or three years before returning to Machias. 
Old Stream is in the town of Northfield, six to eighi miles 
distant Erom Machias. As late as L850 there were visible 
marks of the Old Stream camping-grounds; rows of corn 
hills, in the growth of sapling pines eight to twelve inchea 
in diameter were distinctly traceable. Some of the yon 
men of the ( )ld Stream contingent were among the first 

sett lers at Calais. 

After the withdrawal of Collier's vessels Machias was not 
visited or molested in any way by the enemy during other 

remaining years of the Revolution. 

No neglect of careful harbor guard and outpost duty was 

allowed. The men took turns at the forts and in the cutter 

cruising in the harbor. The inhabitants though often 



(i2 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

suffering for the want of the common necessaries of life, 
prized the approaching Day of freedom from the Mother 
land, far above physical and domestic comforts, at any 
sacrifice or concession to a Power they had already repudiat- 
ed, and did not intend to lose by any surprise or unlooked 
for attack cm their settlement. 

Early in the season of 1781, the Penobscot valley including 
Castine, had been for nearly two years under control 
of British army and Naval officials. The people between 
the Penobscot and Narraguagus river had met with con- 
tinued annoyance and hardship; children crying for bread 
and aged people weak for the want of nourishing food; — 
comfortable clothing scarce and household utensils few and 
primitive, while for want of farm implements the land was 
not properly cultivated, crops small and scantily matured. 

The British officer in command at Bagaduee, (Castine,) 
established desirable trade and intercourse between the Brit- 
ish soldiery and the inhabitants ; it is not surprising that 
some of the latter by maintaining assumed neutrality, they 
would have better food, more clothing, and still be in po- 
sition to claim all the benefits of a prosperous or successful 
result of the war? And the tories — there were a few — took 
every opportunity to fan the flame of discontent and 
arouse discord among the settlers.' No doubt it was under 
the pressure of such considerations and influences as the 
foregoing, that some of the leading inhabitants of the 
Penobscot valley, were very anxious to adopt some system, 
that would insure them a degree of rest and slacken the ten- 
sion, were influenced to join in an appeal to the more east- 
ern settlements, including Machias, in favor of adopting a 
strict neutrality while the contest was in progress between 
Great Britian and the Colonies. The patriots of Machias 
were not of the stuff to be thus tampered with. Fortunate- 
ly there is a record of how such proposal was received. In 
a full meeting on the 26th day of March, 1781, the question 
of neutrality was up for consideration. The record reads : 

"At a full meeting of the Inhabitants of Machias 
assembled March 26, 1781, there was presented by Stephen 



first si I i LF.MEN r. 



63 



•ones. Esq., a letter received by him from —of Goulds- 
borough, with a representation thai came enclosed to the said 

J. .lies; the Bame being read in open meeting the in- 
habitants adopted the following : 

1. Resolved: That the said letter and representation be 
deposited with the Committee of Safety and Correspond- 
ence, to which Mr. Jones cheerfully agreed. 

2. Resolved: That the Inhabitants of this Plantation do 
herein express their utmost abhorrence both of the subject 

matter and the letter and representation Bigned by ,who 

hath made it evident that he hath private interest at heart 

rather than the good of his country. And we do hereby 

declare that we are ever ready to defend the rights and 
Liberties of the Tinted [States of America against Great 
Britain, or any other enemy to the freedom and Indepen- 
dence of the States, whether internal or external and that 
we despise a neutrality in the present contest— holding it as 
an indisputable Truth that, those who are not for us are 
against us. 

3. Resolved: That the committee send the proceedings of 
this Meeting, together with said le+ter and representation, 
to the committees of the other Plantations, West of us as far 
as Frenchman's Bay, desiring to know their determination 
in the matter. 

4. Resolved: The committee he desired to prepare a letter 
to be sent to his Excellency, the Governor, and that the 
same he laid before this meeting for approbation? 

5. Resolved: That the committee be desired to wait.on 
the commanding officer with the proceedings of this Meeting 
and consult with him as to what measures are best to be 
taken for the Safety of the place. 

WILLIAM TUPPER, Clerk. 

Maohias, April. L781 

I,, accordance- with the fourth resolve the Committee of 

Safety prepared a letter and sent to Governor Hancock also 

an Address (with a copy of the letter and representation 



64 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

referred to) — from which are the following extracts: "We 
herewith send your Excellency a copy of said letter and of 
the paper which accompanied it, not doubting but your Ex- 
cellency will take such measures, as will not only frustrate 
the designs of our enemies but deter others from following 
such counsel as must end in their own destruction. 

We have no doubt of the good disposition of your Ex- 
celency and the other Branches of Government towards us. 
We have often experienced your bounty and care ; without 
which we would now be groaning under the tyranny which 
our internal enemies are now striving to bring on us under 
the specious pretext of neutrality. We therefore hope we 
shall not now be given up for prey, but that our political 
fathers will continue to protect us, and . animate us still to 
hold out and persevere in the defense of the Liberties to 
which we are entitled, and until the Independnce of 
America shall be Acknowledged by our enemies. 

Your Excellency may rely upon the affection and fidelity 
of these .Plantations in general, notwithstanding all their 
present difficulties ; and that they will exert themselves to 
the utmost against all the enemies of the Peace and Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America; — We therefore 
humbly request that your Excellency and the General 
Court will be pleased in their wonted goodness and gener- 
osity to grant as expeditiously as possible, such aid and 
assistance as may be neccessary to enable us to take proper 
measures to avert the designs of our enemies?" 

The Committee at this time were Deacon Joseph Libby, 
Stephen Smith, Benjamin Foster, Jeremiah O'Brien, 
James N. Shannon. 

General John Cooper, who came to Machias in 1789 and 
was for twenty-five years High Sherriff of the County, a 
gentleman of wide intelligence and close observation, in a 
communication to the Massachusetts Historical Society 
containing description of Machias, makes the following 
statement : 

"After the British troops had taken possession of Penob- 
scot in 1779, it was expected, that all the country to the east- 



FIRST SETTLEMENT . 65 

ward of it, would submit to their jurisdiction, yet, notwith- 
standing their Proclamation announcing vengeance in case 
of refusal, the inhabitants of Machias with most of the 
townships, including Bit. Desert, still adhered to their 
Country's cause, and continued to act offensively to the close 
of the war. The extensive and well deserved Influence of 
General Alexander Campbell of Narraguagus, which at all 
times secured the ready «>l>edience of the militia; the exer- 
tions of Colonel John Allen who had the direction of the 
friendly Indians and the efforts of the people of Machias 
united, preserved to the Country a valuable extent of Terri- 
tory as the Boundary line between New Brunswick and Mass- 
achusetts when hostilities ceased ; was determined rather by 
possession than the Treaty of Peace or the compass" The 
narrative as given on preceding pages of the early settlement 
of Machias .which gives to the reader some knowledge of the 
trials and hardships our ancestors endured ; having told of 

some of their patriotic deeds and successful defense with 
arms; showing how much they dared to do in the most per- 
ilous days for the Liberty of our Country; having shown their 
firmness and loyalty at a later period, when the outcome was 
dark and as uncertain as at the battle of Margaretta. It is 
well to leave their memory an their example to be cherished 
and perpetuated by their sucessors as well as in monuments 
of stone . 

The following papers, gathered from tiles in the War De- 
partment at Washington, records and books in the New Eng- 
land Historical Society, and from traditional utterances in 
the intervening years since the Revolution, show individual 
testimony of the doings of the steadfast and devoted men 
and women of Machias and neighboring settlements, in the 
s 'ven years struggle for release from Great Britain's power. 

What better in history can we ask foi than statements of 

intelligent men participants in the acts, that make the Tl is 
tory v Hence we copy the following, that by Capt Chase 
under oath, one by Mr. Wheaton and one by John O'Brien 

at an age in life when men seek to communicate truthful 
utterances. 



g6 history of machias. 

Statement by Captain Ephraim Chase. 

I was born in Freetown, County of Bristol, Province of 
Massachusetts, June 1, O. S., A. D. 1744. At the age of 
seven years my father took me to sea as cabin boy, in which 
capacity I continued nine years. I was then apprenticed to 
a carpenter, with whom I served my time. At the age of 
twenty-one I married and removed to Nantucket, where I 
lived four years, working at my trade. 

I then removed to Machias where I arrived in June, 1769, 
and, where I have resided until the present time. I had labored 
at my trade six years when the disturbance between England 
and America commenced. At that time one Ichabod Jones, 
who for several years had furnished the town with provisions, 
being disaffected towards the American cause, applied to 
Admiral Graves, who had possession of Boston harbor, for 
a tender to convoy him into our river. The Admiral grant- 
ed him one, which accompanied him to White's Point, 
where he unloaded and stored his provisions. He then 
desired a town meeting. Being asked for what purpose, he 
replied, "I will inform you at the meeting." The town 
having met, he proposed our trading as usual and paying 
according to contract. A few only voted in favor of his 
proposition, and so he withheld his provisions from all ex- 
cepting those few. These circumstances, in connection with 
the situation of Boston, provoked our jealousy and roused 
us to assert and defend our rights. Mr. Benjamin Foster 
proposed taking Jones and his vessels by force of arms. 
He collected twenty-five of the most resolute of the inhab- 
itants, on Sunday, intending to seize upon Jones and the 
captain of the tender both in meeting. ■ Having approached 
within a few rods of the meeting house the captain espied 
us. He arose and exclaimed, "An army is approaching." 
Upon which Jones, accompanied by a friend, fled into the 
woods. His captain escaped and got on board his vessel. 
He had four cannon and we gave up pursuit, through fear 
of them. Jones' sloop lay about three miles below loading 
with boards. We suspected the captain would endeavor to 
escape out of the river and take the sloop in company. We 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 67 

therefore repaired to her in order to prevent him. He ar- 
rived according to our con jeotures, and when within a short 

distance, we caused him to sheer oil' l>v telling him a ledge 
lay in his way. Being unacquainted with the river lit- ran 
aground where he was obliged to lay till Hood tide. This 
gave us an opportunity of adding twenty five more men to 
our little company. Next morning we manned the sloop 
that had thus got into our power and another smaller one, 
and pursued the enemy. We got pretty near before she be- 
gan to float. We overtook her at the outer islands where we 
attacked and captured her. A number were killed and 
wounded on both sides. The captain of the tender expired 
on the third day. We removed the guns and ammunition of 
the prize on board our sloop. A. few days after a vessel 
which had been sent out from Halifax to survey the coast. 
entered our river to inquire into the affair and espouse the 
cause of our enemies. As she lay at anchor in Buck's Har- 
bor we ran our sloop alongside and boarded her. meeting 
with no resistance whatever from her crew. We then 
carried her up the river where we fitted her for our service. 
The committee of safety selected Benjamin Foster. George 
Stillman, Abie! Sprague, Nathan Longfellow, myself, and 
three others whose names I have forgotten, to carry our 
prisoners to Cambridge and deliver them to George Wash- 
ingt n. Two small vessels were fitted for the purpose, when 
we set sail and reached Cambridge in safety. We left cur 
prisoners with Washington and returned. 

After the British evacuated Boston, Marcli. 17T<>. I com- 
menced coasting from Machias to that place. In March 
1777, or 177;s I am no1 positive which, Ool. John Allan, 
commander of the troops in Machias and superintendent of 
the Indians, preset ted me with a commission from Congress 

wherein I was authorized to take command of the Salute, 

mounting ten guns, and cruise in the States' service and 

capture the enemy. 

The Salute was taken from the English at Moose Island 
by Francis Joseph, Governor of the Indians in Machias. 



68 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

He called his prize the ' 'Neshquoit. ' ' Before 1 entered the 
cruising service, Congress countermanded my orders and 
stationed me at Machias to "defend the harbor and supply 
the troops and Indians with provisions, and other nec- 
essaries." I engaged in this service, and performed my 
duties to the extent of my abilities till 1782. Colonel Allan 
then received orders from the General Court at Cambridge 
to send the Salute or Neshquoit to them. As I was out of 
health at that time, the command devolved on Elijah Ayers, 
my first lieutenant. 

My commission and journal were both unfortunately 
burned about this time under the following circumstances : 

In my absence the dry forest which surrounded my house, 
having accidentally caught tire, my furniture was removed 
into the green wood as a place of safety. But the wind 
blowing very hard, even the green trees were consumed, 
together with many of my effects, among which were my 
commission and journal. 

The above narrative is the simple truth according to the 
best of my remembrance. 

(Signed) EPHRAIM CHASE. 

(Not dated. ) 

Ephraim Chase made an application for pension on 
August 28, 1832, at which time he was 88 years of age and 
resided at East Machias, Maine In this application for 
pension he alleged that he was commissioned a captain May 
7, 1778, at Machias, Me , and served as captain on board 
the U. S. S. Salute and "Neshquoit" for a period of two 
years. 

Appollus, Eleazer and Levi Chase, legal heirs of Ephraim 
Chase, made an application for pension on December 22, 
1852, at which time they were residing at East Machias, 
Maine, and their pension was allowed them for the actual 
service of Ephraim Chase, who died April 17, 1836, at the 
rate of $480 per annum, .and commenced March 4, 1831, 
and ending April 17, 1836. Their pension certificate being 
issued May 3, 1838, numbered 33,121, and paid at the Maine 
Agency. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 69 

(Affidavit, i 
I. Jacob Longfellow, of Machias, in the County of Wash- 
ington, 86 years of age, on oath do testify and Bay that I 
wai acquainted with Captain Ephraim Chase, aowdeceased. 
I became acquainted with Captain Chase in the summer of 
A. I).. 1 7 7 *. > ; he was then re iding in Machias where I also 
resided; his father and mine were quite intimate and I saw 

him frequently and knew him Well. I came to .Machias in 
. I nne 1779. Captain Chase was then in command of a 
(invernnu'iit armed schooner of ten guns called the Nesh- 
quoit, and according to my besl recollection remained in 
command of her to the close of the war. I was on board of 
said vessel and assisted in Bring a salute either in July, 
1881 or '82. Ephraim Chase was then in command. At 
the (dose of the war >he was ordered to Boston and I assisted 
in putting on board some of her guns which were | ?) in the 
test. She was taken to Boston by Lieut. Avers. Captian 
Chase being sick. It was always understood that Captain 
Chase had a commission and I understood that it and all his 
papers were afterwards burned. 

(Signed) .1 VCOH L( >X( rFELLOW. 

Sworn to December 23, 1852, before Albert Pilsbury, 
.Justice of the Peace. 

(Affidavit, I 
1. Daniel Poster, of Easl Machias, formerly Machias, in the 
County of Washington, State of Maine, do on oath depose 
and testify and say thai 1 am M years of age; that 1 was ae- 

quainted with Captain Ephraim Chase, formerly of said 
Machias. qow deceased. Captai? Chase was commander of 
an armed vessel called the Nesquoil during pari of the Rev- 
olutionary 'War. [ think she mounted ten guns. Captain 
Chase had ac m mission from the Continental Congress, 1 
think, and was ordered to cruise with said vessel from Bos- 
ton to Machias and to guard all the eastern department from 
B Ston to Machias. Captain Chase commanded the Xesh- 

quoil more than one j ar, and, 1 think, more than two 

years. 1 think Ca] tain Chase broughl supplies from Bos- 



70 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

ton to the troops stationed at Maehias. Captain Chase did 
no other business while he was commander of said vessel 
except on board said vessel. He kept the Neshquoit con- 
stantly employed in cruising from point to point in the de- 
partment from Boston to Maehias. Two of my neighbors, 
Mr. Benjamin Harmon and Mr. Stephen Munson, serv- 
ed on board said vessel with Captain Chase. Mr. Elijah 
Ayers was first lieutenant, and Mr. Benjamin Harmon 
second lieutenant. Israel Andrews was a hand on board 
said vessel with Capt. Chase. I was well acquainted with 
Capt. Chase, Mr. Harmon, Mr. Munson and Mr. 
Andrews. They all resided in Maehias. I think Capt. 
Chase continued in command of the Neshquoit until the 
close of the war. I have recently lost my eyesight to such 
a degree that I cannot now see to write. 

(Signed) DANIEL (his X mark) FOSTER. 

Attest: S. H. Lowell. 

Sworn to before Simeon H. Lowell, Justice of the Peace, 
January 28, 1853. 

Washington County, 
State of Maine. 
I hereby certify that satisfactory evidence has been exhibit- 
ed before me, John C. Talbot, Judge of the Court of Probate 
held in and for the county aforesaid, and which is a Court of 
record, that Ephraim Chase, late of said County, deceased, 
a reputed Revolutionary officer and soldier, died on the 17th 
day of April. 1836, at East Maehias of said county and 
State; that he left no widow surviving him; that he left ten 
children and there are now living seven children, to wit: 
Appollus Chase, Eleazer Chase, and Mark Chase, Wealthy 
Stickney, Cynthia Foster, Deborah Annis, Levi Chase — who 
are the only surviving children of the said Ephraim Chase, 
and in testimony whereof 1 have hereunto set my hand and 
affixed my seal at Cherryfield, this 9th day of February in 
the year of our Lord 1853. 

(Signed) J. C. TALBOT. Judge of Probate. 

Attest: A. F. Parlin, Register. 



KlkM SETTLEMENT. 



The heirs of Cnpt. Chase experienced difficulties in 
securing what congress appropriated for their father's ben- 
efit. After employing services of unreliable attorneys and 
Pension Claim Agents, they employed Hon. Geo. P. Talbol 
in L853, now living in Portland, and finally, as appears, by 
his efforts, payment was made. 



Hon. George Walker of Portland whose wife is a daughter 
of Jeremiah O'Brien, for six years a member of congress 
from Maine, and a grand daughter of Gideon O'Brien, One 
of the heroes of the Margaretta capture, presented to 
the Maine Historical Society two letters of Joseph Wheaton, 
who lived for many years in Washington, D. C. where he 
held a government office, giving his account of the Machias 
sea tight in which he participated. The letter we copy is 
addressed to Gideon O'Brien, written in 1818, and is as 
follows : — 

"Washington City, April 23, 1818. 
With respect to the affair of taking the Margaretta schooner, 
so far as my recollection serves, was thus, and I beg you to 
correct, add to, strike out. as your recollection may serve 
you. for I can only state from memory, viz:— 

Before the battle of Concord, April 19, 1775, the 
Margaretta schooner, Captain Moore, sailed from Boston 
and came to Machias, to convoy two sloops owned by 
Ichabod Jones with lumber Eor Boston, and for the use of 
the British Government. While these vessels were loading, 
there came to Machias a vessel and brought the news of the 
battle of Concord, and communicated il to the people on a 
Saturday evening ; the nexl morning. Sunday, it was pro- 
posed to take the offioers, when at public worship and there- 
by obtain the vessel in retaliation Eor Concord and Lex- 
ington. In attempting this the offioers, Captain Moore and 

others escaped, and got on board the schooner and fell down 
to Scott's wharf, when they were tired upon by a party 

who had come down there, headed by Mr. Poster from the 

East river. Hut as it fell dark, the Margaretta fell down 



72 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

the river near where my family then lived : on Monday 
morning the people got together at Scott's , the schooner in 
view. Your brother Dennis and myself were standing on 
the wharf by ourselves, when I said to him, Dennis let us 
go and take that schooner? How will you do it? said 
Dennis; I said we can take Job Harris' sloop, get the people 
on board her, the sloop will outsail the Margaretta, we can 
board her, and take her; with all my heart, said Dennis. 
We then called to our aid two youths, and renewed the prop- 
osition, to which they agreed. We four immediately 
stepped into a boat, and went on board of the Job Harris 
sloop, and d°manded him to take the sloop to Scott's wharf 
which with some little opposition was effected. So soon as 
we stepped on shore and gained the bank before Scott's 
house, we four took off our hats and gave three cheers, when 
your brother Jeremiah stepped forward, yourself and brother 
John, and called upon the people to undertake the enter- 
prise, to which all consented, who with one impulse collected 
the arms, three rounds of loose powder and ball, a number 
of axes, several hayforks, took on board one barrel of water, 
a small bag of bread, and a few pieces of pork, and made 
ready to pursue the Margaretta. While the people were 
thus employed the captain of the Margaretta, observing the 
movements of our people, going to and from the sloop, by 
his spyglass, got his schooner under way and proceeded 
down the river, and on passing the high point of land, 
some person fired at the schooner, which occasioned her to 
fire, and by which she carried away her boom, and when she 
had reached Holmes' bay met with a sloop commanded by 
Robert Avery, from her the captain took the boom and as 
soon as it was rigged our sloop came in sight of the Mar- 
garetta, when she made sail and stood to sea for Boston with 
Captain Avery on board and his boat in tow. jOur crew in 
chase chose with one voice Jeremiah O'Brien commander, 
who arranged our men in ranks across the deck, from the 
windlass aft, and thus formed and posted, stood ready for 
action ; in a short time the Margaretta began to cut away her 
boats, and rinding we gained upon her, they cut away all 



first sr.ii i.i \n \ i 73 

three of her boats and commenced a heavy fire in quick suc- 
cession. A man named McNeal took our wall piece, tin- 
only one we had. while resting it (in the bitts of the windlass 
to take aim, received a swivel ball in his forehead and fell. 
A man named Knight, took up the wall piece as it fell from 
the hand of McNeal, and fired it. and wounded the man at 
the helm of the Margaretta, at which time she broached to. 
while our gallant little helmsman still was steering our 
sloop for the broadside of the Bchooner, and at which 
moment our men made a fair fire of musketry on the Mar- 
garetta , and as we made the second lire, our bowspril took 
the shrouds of the schooner running through her mainsail. 
when Captain Moore put a hand grenade among us. Bui 
the moment our sloop's how struck the schooner's side, I 
believe you led the boarders, for I am sure I was near you. 
the captain. Moore, was shot down with two halls in his breast, 
the second officer slightly wounded, or much frightened. 
Robert Avery killed. When all was quiet and order restored, 
I ran up the shrouds and cut the pennant halyards from 
the crosstrees and brought them down. Sour brother Jere- 
miah took down the ensign. The boats were regained 
which had been cut away from the Margaretta, the rigging 
overhauled and put in order, when a southerly breeze sprang 

up, and we returned to Scott's wharf about sunset. As soon 

as the Margaretta was got up to Machias, a hospital pro- 
vided for the wounded, the dead deposited. Captain O'Brien 
with the advice of the people, took possession of tohabod 
Jones' larger sloop, named her the Liberty, mounted the 
cannons and swivels on her, and took the Diligence and 
Tapnagouch with which two vessels sailed to St. .John and 
took the garrison and such merchant, English vessels that 

were in that port. 

Any circumstances corresponding with those affairs 1 
shall most thankfully receive etc. 

T am very dear sir. your obedient servant, 

JOSEPB WHEATON. 



74 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Patriotism of the O'Brien family, of Machias, Maine, in 
the American Revolution, carefully taken down from the 
lips of Captain John O'Brien of Brunswick, for the Maine 
Historical Collection. 

The war of the American Revolution was a war of feeling : it 
enlisted the sympathies of the great body of the people and 
hence were exhibited in so many places acts of individual 
and family heroism. Too often have instances of private, 
toil, and sacrifice, and daring, been forgotten, amid the 
eclat that has been bestowed upon events of a more public 
nature, and on a larger scale. But it is due to our country 
and to justice, to correct this neglect wherever it can be 
done, and to mete out to every one, whatever may have been 
his rank or station, the fit measure of his country's 
gratitude. 

The following narrative of the efforts of a single family in 
the great cause of the American Revolution, is given by 
Captain John O'Brien, of Brunswick, Me., at this time 
(May 1831,) eighty-one years of age. Although very aged, 
he is still vigorous both in body and mind ; and not only 
professes but appears, to retain a perfect recollection of 
the events of his early life. It is well known that the state- 
ments of old men in respect to the transactions of their 
youth may be more safely relied on, than in respect to 
more recent events. 

At the commencement of the revolution, Capt. John 
O'Brien lived at Machias, a town of some note in the 
eastern part of Maine, be^ng then about twenty-four years of 
age, the third son of Morris O'Brien who came to this 
country from Cork, Ireland. The feelings of the peorjle of 
Machias, and the vicinity, were decidedly opposed to the 
usurpations of the English Government. In this state of 
excitement an indistinct and uncertain report of the battle 
of Lexington reached them. About the same time they 
received the Proclamation of the Provincial Congress of 
Massachusetts, authorizing and requiring preparations and 
efforts incident to a state of hostility. 



FIRST SI I I I. KM IN I . 7. r ) 

Having taken the usual incipient measures of defence of 
thai period, viz : appointing a committee of safety and erect- 
ing a liberty pole as a symbol of their resolution, they 
awaited the course of events. In a few days, two merchant 
vessels in British employ, belonging to ('apt. [chabod .Jones 
of Boston, arrived from Boston for the pur] ose of obtaining 
pickets and planks, to lie used by the English in flu- de- 
fense of thai city, which they then occupied and which they 
were anxious to hold againsi the attacks of the Americans. 
These vessels which confirmed to the people of Maohias the 
reports of the battle of Lexington, and thereby more clearly 

revealed the actual condition of things, were convoyed by a 

British armed Bchooner, mounting four 4 pounders and sixteen 

swivels. She was called the Margaretta. and was com- 
manded by one Moore. ,.n Irishman, a. brave young man. 
possessed of many deserving qualities. The Captain of the 
Margaretta went on shore and inquired who erected that 
liberty pole? He was told it was done by order of the town 
of MachiaS. He said it must be taken down, or the town 
would 1).' tired upon. A Mr. Jones heini; present, a 
merchant of Boston, bui who owned a store in Machias and 
had considerable weighi with the people, advised Oapt. 
Mo. ire to suspend his determination, until the people could 
assemble in town meeting; perhaps the town would agree to 
takedown the liberty-pole. The town met. as was proposed, 

and was in considerable favor with the English Captain, 

persuaded him to defer the execution of his tin-eat. until a 

Second town meeting could be called; it being stated, that 
the first was not fully attended. The second meeting was to 
lie held on the ensuing Monday. Meanwhile the in- 

habitants of MachiaS secret ly sent to I'leasant River village, 

about (twenty miles distance) and also to the people of some 

other places in the region, to come to Machias, as they 
were unwilling to take down the liberty-pole, and expected 
an attack from the Margaretta. On Sunday, ('apt. Moore 

attended religious sen ices at the church, opposite to which 

his vessel lay, and at a small distance. Some of the ] eojile 

broughi their guns to meeting, but kept them concealed. 



76 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

John O'Brien carried his gun, and hid it under a board. 
He observed Capt. Moore when he entered the church, and 
took a seat directly behind him, in order to take him 
prisoner in case of alarm. Moore in the time of religious 
service looked out of a window up the river and saw at the 
distance of one-half or three-fourths of a mile men crossing 
the river on the logs with guns in their hands. These were 
the men, whom the people of Machias had sent for, coming 
to take part in the affray. The English Captain at once 
realized the peril of his situation. As there were no pews 
in the meeting house, which was in an unfinished state, but 
temporary seats merely, he made his way over them as 
rapidly as possible to the nearest window which was open, 
from which he escaped. He made his way directly to the 
boat, and on board his vessel. The vessel, after firing a few 
shots, made sail down the river. The people followed some 
distance, firing small arms, but she was soon out of their 
reach. 

An incident may be mentioned here which is exceedingly 
indicative of the spirit of the times, and is worthy of being 
recorded. The men who came from Pleasant River settle- 
ment were greatly in want of powder, having but two or 
three charges each. The wife of one of the party, having 
found a horn of powder after they were gone, followed them 
twenty miles through the woods, (there being at that time 
no road) to bring it to her husband, and arrived with it the 
next day after the party had reached Machias. 

The next day after their arrival, which was Monday and 
was the day appointed for the second town meeting, a party 
of volunteers took possession of a lumber sloop, and began 
the pursuit of the schooner. She was overtaken in the bay 
of Machias, at two leagues distance from the head of it, be- 
ing becalmed. The sloop, which was afterwards called the 
Liberty, was rapidly brought up by rowing and by boats. 
But it is to be remembered here that this daring company, 
which consisted of about sixty men, were without a com- 
mander. There were six brothers on board, of the name of 
O'Brien, viz: Jeremiah, Gideon, John(the third son in age, 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. ii 

the narrator of the present statement, and the only one now 
living,) William, Dennis ami Joseph. The father, whose 

name was Morris, yielded to the wishes of his sons in not 

going on board. Before coming up with the enemy, perhaps 
three miles distant. Jeremiah O'Brien was unanimously 
chosen captain. He gave liberty to all who were afraid to 

follow to leave the vessel, and three men accordingly left in 
the boat. He brought the sloop alongside of the schooner, 
luit they immediately separated, it being almost calm, and 
.John O'Brien was the only person who jumped aboard the 
Margaretta. ' As he stood on the quarter deck, seven of the 
English crew discharged their guns at him, almost at the 
same moment. No ball pierced him. They charged upon 
him with their bayonets, but he saved himself by jumping 
over, and swimming to the American vessel, now separated 
to a distance of thirty yards. Jeremiah O'Brien again 
brought the sloop alongside ; twenty persons were selected 
to board, armed chiefly with pitchforks. After a short 
contest the Margaretta was taken, with a Iocs of four killed 
and eight or nine wounded on the part of the Americans, 
and of about ten killed and ten wounded on the part of the 
British. Among the latter was Captain Moore, who was 
shot through with a brace of musket balls in the early part 
of the action, and died the next day. much lamented. He is 
said to have been the first English naval officer who fell in 
the American Revolution. 

The news of the capture of the Margaretta caused some 
. excitement, in Nova Scotia, and two schooners were fitted 
< mt from Halifax, for the purpose of retaking her; one of 
eight or ten guns, called the Diligence, with fifty men; the 
other called the Tapnaquish, mounting sixteen swivels and 
carrying twenty men. Hardly a month had elapsed before 

the people of Machias heard of these vessels coining up the 

bay. They had the armament taken from the Margaretta, 
and fitted out the coasting Bloop before mentioned, which 

was afterwards called the Liberty, and. under the former 
Captain. Jeremiah O'Brien, proceeded down the bay to tneel 
them. They were advancing with this object, when they met 



78 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

a coaster coming in ; they took possession of her, manned 
her with thirty-five men, and placed her under the orders of 
a militia Colonel of the name of Foster. Morris O'Brien, 
the father, followed with a surgeon in a boat; but there was 
no need of his services ; as both the English vessels sur- 
rendered at the first attempt at boarding them, and without 
making any resistance. The Diligence surrendered to 
O'Brien, Tapnaquish to Foster. Between the time of the 
second engagement and the preceding one with the Marga- 
retta, the committee of Safety of Machiassent John O'Brien 
to the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts, At Watertown, 
to report what had been done, and to receive directions. 
The Congress received the news with interest and approba- 
tion, and voted their thanks to the individuals concerned. 

It should be remarked that the enterprising bearer of the 
communication returned in time to take a share in the de- 
feat of the second attempt. 

In about three weeks after the failure of this enterprise, 
another expedition was fitted out from Halifax consisting 
of a frigate, a twenty gun ship, a brig of sixteen guns and 
several schooners, containing about a thousand men. The 
whole squadron having arrived remained in the bay, except 
the brig., which together with some boats filled with armed 
men, advanced towards the town. Three miles below the 
town, at Scott's Point, east side of the river, a breastwork 
was hastily erected by the inhabitants. There were no 
cannon and the men, who might be estimated at one 
hundred and fifty in number, were armed with muskets. 
Who acted as commander, Mr. O'Brien does not remember, 
as he was absent at this time from Machias, and had not a 
personal share in the action, but probably Jeremiah O'Brien 
and the Colonel Benjamin Foster, before mentioned. The 
brig and the boats, on coming opposite the breastworks, 
landed a large body of men, perhaps five hundred. But 
they were warmly received, and soon driven back ; the Eng- 
lish losing, as was conjectured, one hundred in killed and 
wounded; the Americans having three killed and a number 
wounded. The British brig grounded during the action, 



FIRST Ml LEMENT. 7I> 

within musket shot of the shore, which was undoubtedly a 
cause of increased loss on her carl. After this repulse, 
the whole armament returned to Halifax. 

About six weeks after this, a third expedition from Hal- 
ifax .of a thousand men landed at Passamaquoddy with an 
intention to advance through the woods and attack Machias 
by land. The people made preparations to waylay and 
resist, which, no doubt, they would have done with success, 
but on the second day of their march the British, meeting 
with many obstacles, became discouraged, and returned. 

After these transactions, the Liberty and Diligence were 
commissioned by the State of Massachusetts, and sent out 
on a cruise. Captain Jeremiah O'Brien commanded the 
Liberty, having with him his brother William, as Lieuten- 
ant. A Captain Lambert commanded the Diligence, with 
John O'Brien as First Lieutenant. Under these two com- 
manders, these two vessels were a year and a half or more 
in the State's service, chiefly on the northern coast, for the 
purpose of affording protection to American ships. After 
that time these two vessels were laid up. After leaving 
the Diligence, in which he had acted as First Lieutenant, 
John O'Brien, in company with a number of others, built at 
Newburyport an armed ship, letter of marque, called the 
Hannibal, mounting twenty guns. He went in her as Com- 
mander, to Port au Prince, in San Domingo. After his re- 
turn, the Hannibal was fitted out as a cruiser, under the 
command of Jeremiah O'Brien, John not being on board at 
that time, manned with B hundred and thirty men. Off 
New York the Hannibal fell in with an English fleet of 
merchantmen, coming in under convoy. She was imme- 
diately chased by two frigates and in forty-eight hours time 
was taken. Captain O'Brien was detained in the famous 

guard-ship called the Jersey, about six months, enduring 
the dreadful wretchedness whioh was the lot of the numer- 
ous American prisoners confined on board that vessel. He 
was afterwards carried to Mill Prison, in England, and re- 
mained there a number of months. Designing to attempt 
an escape he purposely aegleoted his dress and whole per- 
sonal appearance for a month. The afternoon before ma- 



80 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

king his escape he shaved and dressed in decent clothes, so as 
to alter very much his personal appearance, and walked out 
with the other prisoners in the jail yard. Having secreted 
himself under a platform, and thus escaping the notice of 
keepers, h^ was left out of the prison, after it was shut for 
the night. He escaped from the yard by passing through 
the principal keeper's house, in the dusk of the evening. 
Although he made a little stay in the bar room of the house, 
he was not detected, being taken for a British soldier. In 
company with a Captain Lyon and another American, who 
had also ecsaped from the prison, and were concealed some- 
where in the vicinity, he crossed the channel in a boat to 
France, and came to America. 

In the meantime Capt. John O'Brien was not inactive. 
The next vessel of which he found himself in command 
was the Hibernia, a fast sailer but small, carrying only six 
three-pouiiders. In the Hibernia he attacked, and, after 
some fighting, took the English armed vessel General Patti- 
son, from New York bound for England, having on board 
a considerable number of officers, in addition to those of her 
own crew, pierced for twenty guns, and mounting sixty-one 
six and nine pounders, with six swivels, and commanded at 
the time by Captain Chiene. The same day he took a 
merchant vessel loaded with masts, and carrying twelve six- 
pounders. Both arrived safe. He was engaged in other enter- 
prises and battles, but these statements will suffice to give 
some idea of the efforts of this brave and patriotic family. 

Note. — The account in the above of killed and wounded 
on board the Margaretta was taken from a letter of Captain 
Joseph Wheaton, recently of Washington, D. C, who was 
at the time of the engagement one of the American crew. 
The letter was written a few years ago to Capt. O'Brien. 
The latter, although present in the action, did not recollect 
distinctly the number but he placed full confidence in Mr. 
Wheaton's statements. 

Note. — The above sketch of the O'Brien family is copied 
from the Collections of the Maine Historical Society, Vol. It, 
Page 242, Willis Reference Room — Public Library — Port 
land, Me. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



81 




Hi 



1 



J( ill\ ( )'I'.KII N, 

Horn in Scarboro, 1750 ; died in Brunswick May 8, 1832. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. H2 

The foregoing statements were made in their own hand 
writing, by the three of the more active participants in the 
battle of the Margaretta. They give a clearer idea <>f the 
conception and execution of the conflict than has heretofore 
been generally known. 

Sylvanus Scott settled on a farm lot near the Rim, one of 
the first in 17i>;} In 1777 when the British were in the river 
they burned his house and destroyed all his other buildings. 
His wife, who was then in poor health, was driven into the 
woods who, with her eleven children all girls, from their 
hiding place saw the torch applied to their dwelling and the 
destruction made complete. 

Several of the Scott family took part in the battles of 
Maohias in 1775, *7(>, '77. John Scott was a Lieutenant 
under Col. Benjamin Foster. His brother Jesse was taken 
prisoner on the attempted invasion of Nova Scotia, near St. 
John and kept imprisoned for six months. Simeon was 
shot, he being one of the same expedition, on the St. John 
River by an American tory ! Mark Scott was one of the crew 
under Captain Ephraim Chase, when he captured the barges 
crew of British marines at Bucks Harbor, when said crew 
came ashore after wood and water. 

Leonard Scott, of Leonard Scott & Co. of New York City, 
1850 to 1865, who published the North American Reviews, 
was the son of Mark Scott, the latter a son of Sylvanus 
Scott. Leonard Soott in his letter to the Machias Centennial 
Committee, May 9, 1863, said "Though not a native or 
resident of Machias, I have always felt a lively interest in 

its history from the fact that my grand parents on both, 
paternal and maternal side, were among its first settlers. 
My grandfathers. Samuel Scott. Benjamin Berry, were the 
first white men of record that ever entered Maohias harbor 
and to explore its river, forests and marsh lands; this was in 

1 "7 * *> li ; from the report they made on their return to Soar- 
borough the same fall it was that, in the following May, the 
"Sixteen Scarborough pilgrims were induced to settle at 
Maohias, " 



88 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

The following memorandum of account was found several 
years after his decease among old papers, account books, 
Air., belonging to Capt. Gideon O'Brien. 

Dr. 
1783. Jan. 22 : The Town of Machias in account 

with Gideon O'Brien, Dr. 

To paid Order to David Prescott, £. 12s. 

To 2 shares of the schooner Diligens' pay whilst 
in the Government Service, 

To the one half of one man's time and board 
when a scouting u p the River, for the safety of 
the town, two weeks, 

To the Dublin Saw Mill Chain lust at the 
Ream in the seige of 1777, being about 75 feet 
long, with a large dog to it, 

The mill chain above mentioned was taken out of the 
O'Brien saw mill, located on what has been known to all 
residents of Machias since 1765, as the "Dublin Mill priv- 
ilege," having been as a whole for many years the property 
of Morris O'Brien and Sons, and until 1901 a considerable 
part of the site was in possession of descendents of Morris 
and his son, Gideon O'Brien: the first mill having been built 
in 1765. Fire in 1879 swept off all the mills and machinery 
on the privilege no mill or machinery of any kind having 
been replaced. 

The chain was imported, English make, large, long ham- 
mered links. A crew of men in August 1777, took the 
chain in a barge to the Narrows, just below the present 
(Rim) toll bridge and suspended it across the river, the ends 
being secured in granite ledges on each shore so as to pre- 
vent the British armed ships, three of which, each well 
"manned, armed and equipped, had been dispatched by 
order of Admiral Graves, who was in command of the Brit- 
ish war fleet, head quarters at Boston and Naval Station at 
Port Royal, now Annapolis, with orders "To distroy 
Machias;" these vessels arrived in September, anchored off 



FIRS! -I Ml 1 VIEN1 



H4 




FTRST SEXTLEMl N I *- r » 

Bucks Harbor, their forces being a constant and continued 

menace to the residents ai Westn-n Palls, Eastern Falls, the 
middle District and the Lower District, until November 

when, having been repulsed and defeated in every effort to 

reach the town, and fearing an ice embargo which would 
certainly prove disastrous, their commanders ordered the 
retreat and with that ended all attempts, so far as known, 
on the part of King George's navy or army "To reduce 
Maehias." 

Tn the spring of 1778 Capt. O'Brien needed his mill chain 
and seid a crew of men to remove it to his mill. The ice 
had not entirely melted off the shores and so heavy chain 
with such a) pliances as those early days afforded the task of 
sociiri iili" and placing it on a raft or barge was slow, tedious 
and painstaking. The men had succeeded in loosing the 
end on the South side of the river and a little more than 
half the length of the chain had been placed on board; while 
at work on the end at the North shore, the bolt by which 
it had been fastened, or the granite gave away, and the 
chain fell into the "deep hole" and came very near dragging 
the barge and crew with it. The chain was never recovered and 
still lies in the mud and drift stuff, the accumulation of one 
hundred and twenty-four years. 



First Settlement 



INCORPORATION OF MACHIAS 

MAY 12, 1784. 

AT a meeting of the Proprietors of the Township of Ma- 
chias legally warned, — Voted, that James Avery, Esq. , 
be our Agent and that he is hereby authorized and impow- 
ered to apply in our behalf to the Legislature for a confirm- 
ation of their grant to the Proprietors : — Also, to have the 
said Township Incorporated into a Town by the name of 
Machias. Stephen Jones protem Clerk. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled : 

The Petition of James Avery, Agent for the Proprietors 
of the Township of Machias, humbly showeth — That in the 
year 1770, the general Court of this (then) Priovince, grant- 
ed Capt. Ichabod Jones and seventy-nine others, the said 
Township of Machias (as will appear by the copy of the 
Grant herewith presented) on conditions therein mentioned, 
one of which was the King of Great Britain approving the 
same within eighteen months, — Said Proprietors settled said 
Township and fulfilled every condition in their Grant, ex- 
cept obtaining the King's approbation, which was prevented 
(being attained) by the contentions, which at that time 
arose between this Government and the British Ministry. 



FIRST si' i 1 1 .1 \tr\ I . °7 

Therefore Baid Proprietors Humblj pray thai the honor- 
able Court will please to confirm Baid Grant, and also be 
pleased to Incorporate them into a Town by the nam.- of 

\larliias and as in duty bound will ever Pray. 

J. AVERY 

Boston. May 27th, L784. 

In Senate, May 28, L784. 

Read and thereupon ordered thai this Petition together 
with the Petition from the Proprietors of Chandlers River: 
the Petition from Pleasanl River, Lower Township: the 
Petition from Pleasanl River, Upper Township, be com- 
mitted to the committee appointed the 28th I >ctober last to 
examine into all trespassers and illegal entries, on the 
unappropriated lands in the county of Lincoln. Senl down 

for concurrence. ^ . „,_ _ . , 

S. ADAMS. President. 

In House of Representatives, May 28, L784. 

Read and co curved. 

S. A. ( >l IS, Speaker. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, June 5th, 1784. 

The Committee for examining Claims, etc., in the County 
of Lincoln have, pursuanl to the directions of both Hoi] 
considered the Petition of dames Avery in behalf of certain 
persons, who call themselves Proprietors of the township 
of Machias and ask leave to .report, that il appears to your 
I mmittee, that the grantees have complied with all the 
conditions mentioned in their Grant, excepting that of ob- 
taining his Britanic Majestie's consent, which has now be- 
come unnec -' " r completing their title; 

Thai the inhabitants of Machias, at a very early period of 
the late contest beti • eal Britain and America, in a 
distinguished manner effectually exerted themselves in the 
causeof the United Stales-, in consequence thereof were 
subjected to greal Buffering and hardship; therefore your 
oommitte are of opinion, that it is expedienl ami reasonable 
that the Prayer of said Petition he -ranted and that the 
!• titioners have leave to bring in a hill for confirming their 



88 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

grant and Incorporating the same into a Township. All 

which is submitted. 

SAMUEL PHILLIPS, JR., 
NATHANIEL WALLS, 
NATHAN DANE. 

In Senate, June 5th, 1784. 
Read and accepted and the Petitioners have leave to bring 
in a Bill accordingly. Sent down for concurrence. 

S. ADAMS, President. 

Read and concurred. 

S. A. OTIS, Speaker. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

In the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
eighty-four: — An act for confirming a grant for a certain 
tract of land called Machias in the County of Lincoln, and 
for incorporating the said tract of land and the inhabitants 
thereof into a Town by the name of Machias. 

Whereas a certain tract of land called Machias in the 
County of Lincoln, was in April one thousand seven hundred 
and seventy, Granted by the General Court of the late Prov- 
ince of Masssachusetts Bay, to Ichabod Jones and twenty- 
nine others, his associates their heirs and assigns upon cer- 
tain conditions in the said grant expressed, a plan of which 
tract, setting forth the extent and Boundaries thereof, was 
on July 5, 1771, presented to, received and accepted by the 
said Court, and whereas the condition in the said grant, has 
been completed with to the satisfaction of this Court, and it 
is represented by the Inhabitants of said tract, that they are 
subject to many inconveniences, in a state of unincorpora- 
tion ; — Therefore be it enacted by the Senate and House of 
Representatives in General Court assembled and by the 
authority of the same, that the before mentioned grant of 
the aforesaid tract of land extending and bounded as follows, 
viz : — beginning at a Dry Rock at a place called the Eastern 
Bay, near the house of Mr. Samuel Holmes and extending 
North ten degrees West ten miles ; then West ten degrees 
East eight miles; then East ten miles, North eight miles to 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 80 

the first mentioned bound, is hereby ratified and confirmed 

unto the said [ohabod Jones and Ids said associates, his and 
their beirs and assigns forever : Ami lie it further enacted 
by tin- authority aforesaid, that the said tract of laid. 
extended and hounded as at'; resaid together, with the Inhab- 
itants thereof be and hereby are incorporated into a Town 
by the name of Machias with all the powers, privileges and 
immunities thai Towns in this Commonwealth have and en- 
joy according to the Laws and Constitution of the same: 
Provided nevertheless that if it shall appear to the General 
Court, that if any settler on the aforesaid trad of land, 
other than a Proprietor has not had a reasonable quantity 
of the said tract of land assigned and confirmed to him by 
the Proprietors aforesaid, this Legislature doth hereby re 
serve the right of assigning and confirming to such settler a 
reasonable quanitity thereof upon application made for 
tl at purpose within two years from the passing of tins act, 
any thing in the same to the contrary notwithstanding:— 
Provided also that the several lots in the said tract of 
land appropriated to the use of Harvard College, to the first 
ordained minister to the use of the Ministry ami to the use 
of the school, be truly reserved for those purposes: And 
it is further enacted that Stephen .buns. Esq. be and he 
hereby is impowered to Issue his Warrant to some principal 
inhabitant of the said Town requiring him to call a meeting 
of the inhabitants thereof for the purpose of choosing suoh 
officers as by Law towns are empowered to choose in the 
month of March annually. 

In the House of Representatives, June ~~. L784. 

This Bill having had three Beveral readings passed to be 

enacted. S. A. < >TIS, Speaker. 

In Seante, 23d of June, 17 s 1. 
This Bill having had two several readings passed to be enacted. 

- WIIKL ADAMS. President 
Approve, I. JOHN HANCOCK. 
True copy attesl : 

.JOHN A. VERY, JR., Secretary. 



90 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Lincoln, ss: To George Stillman, Esq., one of the prin- 
cipal inhabitants of the town of Machias : — Whereas the 
Town of Machias is by an act of the Legislature incorpo- 
rated into a Town by the name of Machias, and invested 
with all the powers, privileges and immunities that Towns 
in the Commonwealth have and enjoy, according to the 
Laws and Constitution of the same, and whereas by the said 
act. the subscriber is empowered to issue his warrant to 
some principal Inhabitant of the said town, requiring him 
to call a meeting of the inhabitants thereof, for the purpose 
of choosing such officers as by law, towns are empowered to 
choose in the month of March annually. 

You, the said George Stillman, are therefore required to 
notify and warn the inhabitants of said town, to meet at the 
Meeting House, at the Western Falls, in said town, on Mon- 
day the nineteenth day of this instant July, at ten o'clock 
before noon for the purpose above mentioned. — Given under 
my hand and seal at Machias, this eighth day of July, 
Anno Domino, Seventeen hundred and eighty-four. 

STEPHEN JONES, Justice of the Peace. 

Agreeable to the above Warrant to me directed, the Inhab- 
itants are hereby notified to meet at the time and place and 
for the purpose therein mentioned. 

GEORGE STILLMAN. 

Machias, July 19, 1784. 
Agreeable to the above Warrant the inhabitants met at 
the time and place therein mentioned, and made choice of 
Stephen Jones, Esq., Moderator; after which the Inhabitants 
made choice (by written vote) of the following Town 
Officers, viz : — James Avery, Town Clerk. Selectmen, 
Stephen Jones, Esq., Capt. Stephen Smith, Benjamin 
Foster, Esq., Mr. David Gardner and Deacon Joseph Libby. 
Voted, that the Selectmen be Overseers of the Poor. 
Assessors chosen, Mr. James Noble Shannon, Mr. Jonathan 
Pineo and Mr. Amos Boynton. Mr. Shannon declined serv- 
ing and was excused and Capt. Peter Talbot was chosen 
in his room. Collectors Mr. Woodin Foster and Captain 



FIRST SET! LEMENT. 



91 




John (i. Avery, 

Sun of James, who was lirst Town <"lerk of Machias. 
John Avery, [r., brother of James, was Secretary of State 
of Massachusetts several years daring and preceding the 

Revolution. Robert, another brother of James, was killed 
0D the Margaretta. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 92 

Longfellow. Town Treasurer. George Stillinan. Esq., 
The following officers were nominated and chosen by hand 
vote: Constables, Mr. William Albee and Mr. Ephraim 
Chase; Surveyors of Highways, Mr. Jonathan Pineo, Mr. 
Daniel Meservey, Mr. Nathan Longfellow, Mr. David Gard- 
ner. Jr., Col. Benjamin Foster, Mr. Samuel Holmes and 
Mr. Aaron Hanscoin. Surveyors of lumber, Mr. Amos 
Boynton, Mr. Nathan Longfellow, Capt. Gideon O'Brien, 
Mr. Jonathan Pineo, Capt. Peter Talbot. Capt. Ephraim 
Chase and Capt. Joseph Seavy ; Fence Viewers, Messrs 
Benjamin Grooch, George Seavey, Joseph Getchell and 
Nathan Longfellow, Jr.; Hog Reeves, Messrs. Benjamin 
Foster, Jr.. Amos Boynton. Enoch Waterhouse and Aaron 
Seavy. Haywards or Field Drivers, Messrs. John Foster 
Jr., and John Scott. Sealers of Leather. Messrs. Samuel 
Scott. Amos Boynton and Daniel Hoit ; Sealers of Weights 
and Measures, Mr. Woodin Foster and Capt. Jonas Farns- 
worth; Wardens, Deacon Joseph Libby and Col. Benjamin 
Foster. 

Voted : That the collectors be allowed five per cent on all 
money they may collect, for taxes the ensuing year. Voted: 
That hogs be permitted to ro at large the ensuing year. 
The meeting was then dissolved. 

NOTIFICATION. 

The free holders and other inhabitants of the town of 

Machias, qualified as the Law directs, are hereby notified 
to meet at the meeting house, at the eastern Falls, on Mon- 
day the sixteenth day of August next, at ten o'clock before 
noon, for the purpose of choosing some suitable person to 
represent this town in the Great and General Court of this 
( commonwealth. 

By order of the Selectmen. 

JAMES AVERY, Town Clerk. 
Machias. July 20, 1184 



93 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Machias, August 16, 1784. 

Agreeable to the above Warrant, the Freeholders and other 
inhabitants qualified by Law, met at the time and place 
above mentioned ; the Selectmen presiding at said meeting, 
when the votes being brought in for representative and 
counted, it appeared there was for James Avery, Esq., 38 
votes; George Stillman, Esq., one; Stephen Jones, Esq., one 
and Enoch Waterhouse one; — On which James Avery Esq., 
was declared by the Selectmen to be duly elected to represent 
this town in the General Court of this Commonwealth. The 
meeting was then dissolved. 

STEPHEN JONES, Chairman of the Selectmen. 

Attest: JAMES AVERY, Town Clerk. 

The Freeholders and other inhabitants of Machias qualified 
by law, to vote in town meetings, are hereby notified to meet 
at the Meeting House, at the Western Falls, in said Machias, 
on Monday the sixteenth day of August next, at eleven 
o'clock before noon to act upon the following articles, viz: 
1st, to choose a Moderator; 2nd, to grant such sum or sums 
of money as shall then be thought necessary for making and 
mending and building Pounds ; also for one year's salary for 
the Rev. James Lyon from the time the last tax was made ; 
likewise to grant such further sums of money as shall be 
necessary for defraying such other public expenses as has or 
may arise within the course of the present year; 3d, To 
choose a Committee for settling all accounts, that are due 
from or to the town ; 4th, To invest the Selectmen with 
sufficient power to lease out the public marsh lots. 
By order of the Selectmen. 

JAMES AVERY, Town Clerk. 

Machias August 10, 1784. 
Agreeable to the foregoing Warrant the inhabitants met at 
the time and place therein mentioned and made choice of 
Stephen Jones, Esq., Moderator. Adjourned to two o'clock 
in the afternoon. Met according to adjournment. Voted 
that the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds be raised for 
the purpose of laying out and making roads and highways 



FIRST SKI ["LEMENT. 9 1 

within this town and for making one or more pounds. And 
that nine shillings the day be allowed each man and six 
shillings per day for each yoke of oxen, thai may be employ- 
ed on said work., and that said sum of money be assessed 
and raised on the Poles and Estates of the inhabitants of the 
Township. Voted: That eighty-six pounds be assessed and 
raised for one year's salary for the Rev. James Lyon from 
the last assessment was made up. Voted: That a committee 
of three be appointed to settle all accounts due to or from 
the Town, and be and are hereby invested with full power 
for the purpose and that said Committee oonsisi of Mr. 
James Noble Shannon, ('apt. Jeremiah O'Brien and Stephen 
Jones, Esq. Voted: That the Rev. James Lyon have the use 
of the public marsh lots three ensuing years. The meeting 
was then dissolved. 

Attest : J A M ES A VERY, Town Clerk. 



Each owner of cattle and sheep were required to have 
some recorded mark usually on the ears of the animals, — 
hence it is recorded that "John Scott's mark for his cattle, 
hogs and sheep, viz: crop cut off of the left ear and a half 
taken off of the forward of the right ear. 

Attest: JAMES AVERY, Town Clerk. 



NOTIFICATION. 

The inhabitants of Machias are hereby notified to assemble 
at the Meeting Bouse, at the Western Falls in Machias on 
Saturday the l2i it 1 day of October next at two o'clock in the 
afternoon to choose B Moderator, and then to see if this town 
will agree to permit the small pox to spread through the town 
by Imputation and to act thereon as shall be thoughl expe- 
dient. 

By order of the Selectmen. 

STEPHEN JONES, Chairman. 

Machias Sept. 28th, L784 



95 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

At a legal meeting of the inhabitants of Machias agreeable 
to the above Warrant, at time and place above mentioned, 
made choice of Deacon Joseph Libby, Moderator, 

GEORGE STILLMAN, Clerk, pro tem. 

Voted: That the inhabitants will not suffer the small- 
pox to spread through the town by Inoculation. Voted : that 
the Selectmen endeavor that the small-pox be prevented 
from spreading by Inoculation. 

GEORGE STILLMAN, Clerk, pro tem. 

Machias, March 5, 1785. 
To Wm. Albee and Ephraim Chase, Constables of the 
town of Machias, Greeting : — 

You are hereby required to notify and warn the inhab- 
itants of the town of Machias qualified by Law to vote in 
town meetings, to assemble at the meeting house, at the 
Western Falls, in said town, on Monday the 28th of this 
instant March, at eleven o'clock before noon — 1st, To choose 
a Moderator to said meeting ; 2nd, To choose a Town Clerk, 
Selectman and all other officers, that Incorporate towns in 
this Commonwealth of Massachusetts, are required by Law 
to choose in the month of March annually ; 3d, To see if the 
town will agree to exchange land belonging to the town, now 
enclosed in Samuel Rich's field, the lower side of the road 
for a certain piece of land belonging to said Rich and lying 
in his pasture the upper side of the road, for the purpose of 
a burying ground, and thereon to place a meeting house and 
school house, to appoint a committee, to give and receive 
deeds in behalf of the town ; 4th, To see if the town will 
agree to build one or more meeting houses and school houses 
in this town, where they shall be built and the method they 
will pursue and to appoint a committee for that purpose ; 
also to consider the Petition of James Noble Shannon pray- 
ing the town to sell him about ten square rods of land on 
the landing near Esquire Jones barn at East River, and to 
appoint a committee to agree for the price and give a deed 
on behalf of the Town. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 96 

5th: T i know whether the town will accept the Etepori of 
the Proprietors' Committee for laying oul roads and land- 
ings as per their returns. 6th, To know whether the town 
will authorize their committee of accounts, to take Notes "I" 
hand Erom those thai are indebted to the town. 7th, T<> 
granl such sums of money as shall be necessary for the sup- 
port of a school and foT highways and for other charges. 
I »y order of t he Selectmen. 

STEPHEN JONES, Chairman 

Pursuant to the foregoing Warrant to me directed the 
inhabitants of Machias are hereby notified, to meel at the 
time and place and for the purposes therein m sntioned. 

WILLIAM ALBEE Constable. 

Machias, March 28th, L785: Agreeable to the foregoing 
Warrant, the inhabitants met al the time and place therein 
mentioned and made choice of Stephen Jones, Esq., Mode- 
rator. The meeting then adjourned 'till they could assemble 
at Mr. Job Burnham's house. Mel according t<> adjourn- 
ment, and made choice of the following officers for the ensu- 
ing year: Ralph H. Bowles, Town Clerk: Selectmen, 
Stephen. )o- -. Es .. Benjamin Foster, Esq., DeaconJoseph 
Libby and Captain Stephen Smith ; Asses irs, ('apt. Peter 
Talbot, Jonathan Pineo. Amos Boynton; Treasurer, Ceo. 
Stillman, Esq., Coll ctors, Capt. Joseph Seavey and 
Nathan Longfellow, Jr. 

The following officers were nominated and chosen by band 

vote :( 'on. -a a Me do! din ru ha m and Kphrai in Chase: Surveyors 

of Bighways, Benjamin Poster, Nathan Longfellow, Samuel 
Holmes and Aaron Hanscom ; Surveyors of Lumber, Amos 
Boynton, Peter Talbot, Joseph Seavy, Ephraim Chase, 
.Jonathan Pineo, Gideon O'Brien, William Albee. Fence 
Viewers, Joseph Murison, Joseph Getchell, senior, Japhel 
Hill. Benjamin Gooch. II >g Reeves, dames N. Shannon. 
Peter Talbot, Capt. Stephen Smith, Cap1 Gideon O'Brien, 
Deacoi J seph Libby, Nathan Longfellow, dr.. Stephen 
Munson: Bcalers of Leather. Samuel Scott. Jr., Amos 



'J 7 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

Boynton, Daniel Hoit; "Haywards" or Field Drivers, 
John W. Foster. Enoch Waterhoi se, Obadish Hill, Stephen 

Munson; scalers of Weights and Measures, Woodin Foster, 
Gideon O'Brien; Wardens. Dea. Joseph Libby, Col. Benj. 
Foster. 

Voted : That the selectmen have power given them to 
prevent the destruction or injury to fish which come in 
the river and give their directions accordingly. Voted also 
that the time limited for taking fish be from Monday morn- 
ing 'till Friday sunset; and no fish to be taken but in the 
aforesaid limited time; That no person be suffered to fish or 
dip for salmon above the Deep Hole at the bridge at the 
Western Falls. Voted: On the third. article in the Warrant, 
that a committee be appointed to agree with Mr. James 
Rich, respecting the land to be exchanged as therein men- 
tioned to give and receive deeds on behalf of the town: 
elected George Stillman, Stephen Jones and Woodin Foster, 
as a committee for that purpose. Voted on the fourth 
article in the Warrant : That there b^ two meeting houses 
built, one at the Western Falls and one at East Rive:, and 
that, that part of the article with respect to building school- 
houses be dismissed; and that a committee be chosen to 
determine how and in what manner the meeting houses shall 
be built, and make their report at the May meeting next. 
Accordingly the town made choice of Dea. Joseph Libby, 
Stephen Jones, James N. Shannon, Capt Stephen Smith, 
Capt. Peter Talbot, George Stillman and Benjamin Foster. 
Esquires for that purpose. Voted, that a committee be 
appointed to consider the merits of James N. Shannon's 
request for the sale of a piece of land, at East River Land- 
ing and to make report at the time this meeting shall be ad- 
journed to. Accordingly choice was made of Dea. Joseph 
Libby, Capt Joseph Seavy, Mr. Woodin Foster, David 
Gardner, Jr., and Benjamin Foster as' a committee for thai 
purpose. Voted: That the fifth article in the Warrant be 
left under consideration, 'till the next meeting of this town. 
Voted: That the sixth article respecting the committee of 
accounts shall be as follows: That they are duly authorized 



FIRST SI III.KMKNI 



98 



to take Notes of hand from those inhabitants, who are in- 
debted to the town, at the close of their accounts, payable 
in three months. Voted for adjournment "till the next 
meeting of the town. The town then voted thai the meet- 
ing be adjourned 'till the first Monday in April, next at 2 

i ('dock p. in. „ , 

KALPH H. BOWLES, Town Olerk. 

The inhabitants of the town of Machias, met according 
to adjournment, whereof Stephen Jones, Esq., was Mod- 
tor. The ba Iness of the weather prevented thecommittee 
d reviewing the piece of land that Mr. Shannon requested 
to i urchase, therefore could not make Re] ort at this meet- 
ing. Voted, that the request be adjourned 'till May meet- 
ing, at which time the committee arc desired to make a re- 
i ort. Voted that the fifth article in the Warrant which was 
(Urne d Ml! this meeting be continued 'till May meeting 
next. Vote I also, that the seventh article be adjoi rned 'till 
the May mei ting. The meeting was then dissolved. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

■I] Waterhouse's mark for his cattle, i heep and hogs, 
"swallow tail in each ear" 

Lincoln, ss: To the Selectmen of the Town of Machias, 

Greeting: Agreeable to an Act of the General Court em- 

Bering the inhabitants of the said County of Linooln, 

Eastward of Union River, to ohoose a Register of Deeds. 

who,, office is to he holden in the Town of Machias, you are 

be ebj I and required, in the nam the Common- 

dtb of Massachusetts, to aotify and call a Legal meeting 
the freeholders and other inhabitants of the said town of 
Machias, qualified as th< Law directs to vote in town affairs, 
that they assemble and meet together in said Machias, 

. maj be, for the purpose of choosing a Register of 

D , forthesaid District, Eastward of Union River afore- 

office is to be holden in said Machias. and the 

Clerk of said Town, is hereby directed and required, to take 



99 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

due return on oath, to the subscriber at No. 6, of the names 
of the persons voted for and the number of votes which each 
person had set against their names respectively, that the 
same mav be transmitted to the Court of General Sessions 
of the Peace, next to be holden in Pownal borough, in and 
for the said County. 

Given under my hand and seal at No. 6, this 27th day of 
February, Anno Domini, 1785. 

ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, Justice of Peace. 

To William Albee, one of the Constables of the town of Ma- 
chias, Greeting: — You are hereby required to notify and warn 
the inhabitants of Machias to assemble at the Meeting House 
at the Western Falls in said town on Monday the 28th day 
of March this instant, at four o'clock afternoon for the pur- 
pose of choosing a Register of Deeds for that part of the 
County of Lincoln Eastward of Union River, whose office 
is to be held at said town of Machias; by order of the Select- 
men. 

STEPHEN JONES. Chairman. 



According to the above requisition I hereby notify and 
warn the inhabitants of the town of Machias to meet at the 
above mentioned place and time for the purpose aforesaid. 

WILLIAM ALBEE, Constable. . 

Agreeable to the foregoing Warrant, the inhabitants met 
at the time and place therein mentioned and made choice of 
Stephen Jones, Esq., Moderator. Votes was then, agree- 
able to the requisition aforesaid, taken for Register of Deeds, 
and were as follows : 

Col. George Stillman, 13 votes. 

Stephen Jones, Esq., 9 votes. 

Mr. James N. Shannon, 7 votes. 

Mr. William Tupper, 2 votes. 

The meeting was then dissolved. 

. .„ RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 



FIRS! SI III I Ml \'l . l'»" 

A town meeting legally called and warned was held al 
Western Palls, Monday, April !ih. 1785, for tin- choice of 
Governor, Lieut. Governor and one Senator for the ensuing 
y ar. The Selectmen presided. Votes were taken as 
l'< il lows : — 

Bon. James Bowdoin, Esq., 28. 

I [on. Azor ( )rne, Esq., 1 . 

Bon. Thi mas Cushing, Esq., for L. G., 29. 

Hon. William Lithgow, Esq. , Eor Senator, 29. 

To Ephraim Chase and Job Burnham Constables of the 
Town of Machias, Greeting You are hereby required to 
notify and warn the inhabitants, qualified by Law t»> vote in 
(own meetings, to assemble at the Meeting House al the 
Western Palls in said Machias, on Wednesday the eleventh 
day of May aext, at ten o'clock before noon, to make choice 
of some suitable person to represenl them in the Assembly 
the ensuing year. Then to choose a Moderator and act 
upon the following articles which were adjourned from 
March meeting to thai time viz To hear the report of the 
Committee appointed to consider the merits of Mr. James 
N. Shannon's requesl Eor the sale of a piece of laud at East 
River Landing. 2nd, to know whether the town will ac- 
cept the report of the Proprietors' Committee Eor laying out 
roads and landings as per their returns. Also, to sec if the 
town will a; E such roads and landings as shall have 

■i laid out by the Lot layers or Selectmen and returns 
thereof made al thai time. 3d, To granl such sums of 

money, as shall be necessary for the sup] orl of a s- hool, for 
highways and other charges Also, to choose a Surveyor of 
highways in lieu of Mr. Nathan Longfellow, who declines 
Ben ing. By order of the Selectmen. 

RALPH II. BOWLES, Town Clerk, 

Machias. March 25th, L785. 

Baving been duly warned the Inhabitants or legal voters, 

met at the time and place, Stephen Jones was chosen Mod- 
erator. Benjamin Poster and David Gardner, Jr., of the 



101 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Committee to consider the merits of Mr. Shannon's request 
made report to the town meeting, that it was their opinion 
that the land requested for sale by said Shannon, may be 
disposed of without any injury or disadvantage to the town. 
Voted: That the piece of land requested by James N. 
Shannon be disposed of at a reasonable price, and that the 
Selectmen be empowered to sell and give a deed of a certain 
piece of land at East River Landing, to said Shannon and 
the money to be appropriated to the good of the town. 
Voted that the 2nd article in the Warrant be adjourned 'till 
next meeting. 

Voted on the third article, that sixty pounds Lawful money 
be raised and levied as a tax on the town for the support of 
a school the ensuing year and that the Selectmen have power 
to divide the town into as many Districts, and in such 
manner as they may think necessary, and that each District 
be entitled to the money raised in it, provided it is applied 
for the support of a school, and not to be drawn from the 
Treasurer for any other purpose, but remain in his hands 
for the good of the town. 

Voted : That no money be raised for repairing the high- 
ways and other charges this year. 

Voted: That Mr. Nathan Longfellow, Jr., be Surveyor of 
highways this present year in lieu of N. Longfellow who 
declined serving. The meeting was then dissolved. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

Nathan Longfellow, Jr., — his mark for sheep, cattle and 
hogs, "Slope in under side of near ear and slit in the end of 
the off ear. ' ' 

Machias, March 1, 1786. 
The annual Town meeting was called by the Selectmen and 
the inhabitants duly notified by Ephraim Chase and Job 
Burnham, Constables, to assemble at the meeting house at 
the West Falls on Monday, the 27th day of this instant 
March. at ten o'clock in the forenoon, for the following pur- 
poses,— 1st, to choose a Moderator. 2nd. to choose all such 



102 

first sr.nu Ml \i *"* 



town officers as Inoorp6rate towns in this Commonwealth 
are by Law authorized to choose in the month of March 
annually. 3rd, to grant money for making and repairing 
highways and to build two pounds, and for the Bupporl d 
Bohools and other town oharges thai may arise tth, To 
choose one or more committees for settling the town ac- 
counts 5th, To see if the town will accepl such roads as 
have been Laid out 6th. To see it' the town will agree to 
build or procure suitable houses for public worship a1 the 
Western and-Eastern Kivers and to granl money cor thai 
purpose. 7th, to know if the town will -rant Dr. Parker 
Clark sufficienl land to ereel a dw< Lling house upon, on the 
Bide of the hill, by the North side of the old mill at the 
Western Falls. 

By order of the Selectmen. 

STEPHEN JONES. Chairman. 

Job Burnham attended to his duties as Constable and 

made due return and the meeting was held, "agreeable to 

the foregoing Warrant. George Stillman, Esq., was chosen 

Moderator; Ralph H. Bowles, Town C51erk; Hon. Stephen 

Jones Deacon Joseph Libby, Capt. Stephen Smith, 

Henjannn Foster and Morris O'Brien, Selectmen; Capt. 

Peter Talbot, Gideon O'Brien and Capt. David Longfellow, 

Assessors; George Stillman, Town Treasurer ; Nathan Long- 

fellow, Jr., and John b'oster Collectors; Wm. Albee and 

Ephraim chase. Constables; Amos Boynton, Jonathan 

Pineo , Daniel Meserve, George Seavy, Benjamin Gooch, 

Wm Emerson and James Brown, Surveyors of Bighways; 

Nathan 1 gfellow, Jr., Wm. Albee, Amos Boynton, Gideon 

O'Brien, Peter Talbot, Ephraim Chase, Jonathan Pineo, 
Jude H. Morrill. Joseph Getchell, Jr., Surveyors of lumber. 
Obadiah Hill, Stephen Biunson, Enoch Waterhouse and 
Bben Gardner, Pence Viewers; Job Burnham, James 
(Jooch, Daniel Stone, Field Drivers; Amos Boynton, 
Daniel Hoit, scalers of leather; Dea. Joseph Libby, Capt. 
Peter Talbot, Sealers of weights and measures; Amos 
Boynton, David Longfellow, Gid l O'Brien John Archer, 



103 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Benjamin Foster, Jr., Abijah Foster, Hog Reeves; Benj. 
Foster, Joseph Libbee and Amos Boynton, Wardens. 

Voted : That the sum of two hundred and fifty pounds be 
raised the ensuing year to repair and make highways : — 
That the wages for a man be nine shillings per day and for 
one yoke of oxen seven shillings per day. Voted : That two 
days work be levied upon each of the poles and the remain- 
der upon the estates. Voted: That there should be one 
pound built in the town where the Selectmen shall think the 
most convenient, and as large as they judge proper, and that 
they agree with some person or persons to erect and finish 
the same, and that the sum of fifteen pounds be raised 
to pay for said pound. Voted : That the sum of eighty 
pounds be raised the ensuing year for the support of a 
school; and that the Selectmen have power to divide the 
town into as many Districts, and in such manner, as they 
may think necessary, and that eaoh District be entitled to 
the money raised in it, provided it is applied for the support 
of a school, and not to" be drawn from the Treasurer for 
any other purpose but remain in his hands for the good of 
the town. Voted that the sum of twenty pounds be raised 
for the payment of Collectors, and other expenses for the 
ensuing year. Voted : that James Avery and William 
Tapper be an addition to the committee heretofore 
appointed to settle the accompts of the town, -5th, — Voted: 
that the roads laid out by the Selectmen and lot layers, as 
by William Tupper's survey, and not laid before this meet- 
ing be accepted; except the road which is laid out between 
James Avery, and Job Burnham. lot, which, with the other 
road not yet accepted are to be under consideration and the 
article continued to the May meeting. Voted that a com- 
mittee be appointed to agree with Samuel Rich for the use 
of his house at East River, if they shall think it suitable, for 
a place for Public worship, and what repairs will be necessary : 
and that they converse with the proprietors of the meeting 
house at the Western Falls, to know upon what terms, they 
will let or sell the same, and make report at May meeting 
next. Voted That the Committee be Benjamin Foster, 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. ' 01 



Esq., Capt. Gideon O'Brien and Mr. Wm. Tupper. Voted 
That the other part of the article be under consideration and 
adjourned to aexl May meeting. Til.. Voted: That the 
Town give the Selectmen power to lay oui a piece ol land 
not exceeding sixty feel by forty Eeet, Eor Dr. Parker Clark. 
Eor him to erect a dwelling house upon, on tin- side ol the 
1,111. by the North side of the old mill, at the Western Falls 
and give him a i\wd of the same. Voted : That five per eent 
be paid to the Collectors for collecting. Voted : That not 
any person dip or take alewives or salmon between sunset 
Friday evening and Monday morning sunrise, and that the 
Selectmen have power to give such directions, as they may 
think beneficial for the preservation of the fish, and to order 
passages made where they may judge proper for letting in 
the fish, and give any other orders for the benefit of fishing 
for alewives and salmon, that will he most advantageous to 
prevent the destruction of the fish. Voted: That if any 
person dip or take fish in the hours prohibited, shall if de- 
tected he prosecuted agreeable to Law. and pay a tine of 
twenty shillings lawful money, to be appropriated for the 

good of the town. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

On the 27th of March, L786 a town meeting was called to 
be held on the third day of April, for the purpose of voting 
Eor Governor, Lieut. Governor and Senator. April third 
tn e inhabitants assembled at the time and place notified, 
but the day being stormy and but few inhabitants present at 
the hour, the meeting was adjourned to Capt. David Long- 
fellow's dill live o'clock p. m., of said .lay. The votes were 

then taken, h^ Excellency dames Bowdoin receiving 32; 
Thomas Onshing for Lieut. Governor, 32; Alexander Camp- 
bell, Esq., Eor Senator, 32. 

RALPH II. r.nWLKS. Town ( Lerk. 

Town meeting was held on the eighth day of May. ton 
o'clook in the forenoon to elect a suitable person to rep- 
resent the town in the General Court of the Common- 



105 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

wealth, the ensuing year. Then to choose a Moderator, and 
act upon the following articles which were adjourned from 
March meeting to that time., viz: — To see if the town will 
accept such roads as have been laid out and to hear the re- 
port of the committee appointed to agree with Samuel Rich 
for the use of his house at East River, if they should think 
it a suitable place for Public Worship : — Also for the said 
committee to inform the town upon what terms the 
proprietors of the meeting house at the Western Falls will 
let or sell the same, and to grant money for the said pur- 
poses. 2nd, to know if the inhabitants will make application 
for the General Court to erect this Eastern District as a sepa- 
rate County and to make Machias the Shire town. 3d. To 
know if the inhabitants of the town will give some relief to 
Mr. Joseph Averill an inhabitant, who unfortunately receiv- 
ed a bad wound last Fall, and has been ever since confined 
and has been unable to provide the smallest help for himself 
and family. 4th. To choose a fence viewer in place of 
Obadiah Hill deceased. 

By order of the Selectmen, 
April 27. 1786. 



At the meeting held as above notified Stephen Jones, 
Esq., was chosen Moderator. The town decided that "It be 
not requisite to send a Representative the ensuing year. 
Voted : that that part of the road which wholly comes on 
Smith, Stillman, and Avery's lot from the Rim to East 
River, shall be laid out by the Selectmen as nigh as the 
division line of said lot and Job Burnham's as conveniently 
can be, shall be acceptable to the town. Voted: that the 
report of the Committee respecting the meeting houses be 
adjourned 'till 2 o'clock p. m. Voted: that this town make 
application to the General Court to erect this Eastern 
District h separate County and to make Machias the Shire 
Town, and that a committee be appointed to petition to the 
honorable, General Court in behalf of this town — viz: Hon. 
Stephen Jones, James Avery, George Stillman, Capt. David 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 106 

Longfellow and William Tupper be said oommittee; and 

thai they apply to Caleb Davis and Benjamin Hichborn, 
Esq's., to assist them in bringing Eorward the afore-mentioned 
application to effect ; also thai invitation be given to the 
inhabitants between here and Union River and Passama- 
quoddy, to join with them to erect this Eastern District a 
separate County, and for Marinas to be the Shire Town and 
that the above named committee be empowered to make ap- 
plioation to the Court of sessions, which is held in this 
County, (Lincoln.) at Pownalborongh, to assist them in the 
above purposes. 

The third article which respected Mr. Joseph Averill was, 
with a letter he wrote to the Selectmen asking for relief from 
the town taken into consideration, and the inhabitants 
thought best, that a paper for subscription be handed to the 
inhabitants to Bign, to give such relief to Mr. Averill, as 
they individually should think proper according to their 
circumstances, and to pay the same to Capt. Stephen Smith. 
or his order; — This accordingly took place and he received 
relief. Voted: That Mr. Job Burnham be a fence viewer 
for the ensuing year in lieu of Obadiah Hill deceased. The 
meeting was then adjourned 'till two o'clock p. m. The 
inhabitants met according to adjournment, when Capt. 
Gideon O'Brien and William Tupper laid before the town a 
memorandum of an agreement made between Samuel Rich 
on the one part and said O'Brien and Tupper on the other 
which is placed on the files. Voted: that as the oommittee 
have not had time or opportunity to ascertain and be prop- 
erly acquainted, with all the accounts and expenses, that 
the proprietors of the meeting house, at the Western Falls 
have been at in building the same: therefore that the same 
committee may have a suthcient time and opportunity to meet 
the proprietors' oommittee, thought it requisite to 
adjourn this meeting t<> a future day. Voted : To adjourn 
this meeting 'till the last Monday in May this instant. N. 
B. Not any paper in town. the below was taken for marks 
of cattle. etc.. 'till a book was prOCUed to record them. James 
Brown's mark tor cattle, sheep and QOgfl A crop in the right 



107 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

ear; a hole through the left. George Seavy's mark, — 
swallow's tail in each ear and a half penny out of each the 
underside. Nathaniel Phinney's — Crop off the right' ear; 
Josiah Phinney's, — Crop off the left ear. At a meeting of 
the town held by adjournment, this th of May 291786 ; voted 
that the Honorable Stephen Jones be Moderator. Voted — 
That there be added to the commttee of the town appointed 
to confer with the Proprietors Committee, which respects 
the Meeting Houses, an addition of three Messrs James. 
Shannon, Enoch San borne and Capt. Benjamin Crocker be 
of said Committee. Meeting adjourned for half an hour, 
when the Town Committee made report, that they had con- 
ferred with the Projmetor's Committee and that said com- 
mittee informed them, that the meeting house at the West- 
ern Falls cost the Proprietors the sum of sixty-five pounds, 
eigtht shillings and eleven pence lawful money, and that 
said proprietors would either take that sum — (which it 
cost them) — or rent said House at the interest of the money. 
Voted: that the town pay the Proprietors sixty-five 
pounds, eight shillings and seven pence Lawful money for 
said meeting house. Voted : — That the sum of two hundred 
pounds be raised for the purpose of building two meeting 
houses, one at the Western Falls and the other at Eastern 
River, and that the sum of sixty-five pounds, eight shillings 
and eleven pence come out of the two hundred pounds voted 
to be raised to pay the proprietors for that meeting house 
now built at the Western Falls. Voted that five be a com- 
mittee for the purpose of bringing to effect the building of 
two meeting houses, and that Benjamin Foster, James Avery, 
Ralph H. Bowles, Esq., Deacon Joseph Libby and Captain 
Peter Talbot be said committee. The meeting was then 
dissolved. 

RALPH H. BOWLES , Town Clerk. 

The Freeholders and other inhabitants of the town of 
Machias qualified to vote in town meetings are hereby notified 
and warned to assemble at the meeting house, at the Western 
Falls, on Monday the sixth day of November, 1786, at ten 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 10* 

"'••luck iii the forenoon, 1st. To choose a Moderator. 2d, 
That the inhabitants may be acquainted with the proceed- 
ings of the, Convention held at Portland September sixth, 
17^1'), agreeable to their request. 3d, To sec if the in- 
habitants will vote for or against a separation of the 
Counties of York, Cumberland and Lincoln from this Com- 
monwealth: 4th, To know if this town will choose delegates 
or send their votes to the convention by the time they are 
adjourned to. Also, to transact any other business thai the 

inhabitants may judge requisite for the g 1 of the town and 

the Commonwealth according to the proc sedingsof the before 
mentioned convention. 

Tin- inhabitants assembled at the place and time as 
notified. Voted that Hon. Stephen Jones be Moderator, and 
after the proceedings of the Convention, (metal Portland. 
6th of September, 1786) was real at said meeting, the 
Inhabitants, after mature deliberation, voted thai they do 
not think it expedient at this time that Separation from the 
State of tin- Commonwealth of Massachusetts he petitioned 
for. 

Voted: That they do not by any means think it necessary 
to choose Delegates, l»uf send their votes to the Conven- 
tion, by the time they are adjourned to. Voted, That a 
Commitee be chosen to Address the Convention which are 
to be assembled at Portland, the last Wednesday in January, 
1787, to inform the reasons why this Town judge it not 
requisite to separate themselves from the Commonwealth, 

and that 1 he Address and Reasons of Baid Committee when 

completed, be laid before this town for approbation. 

Elected Stephen Jones, .lames Avery and Ralph H. Bowles, 

said Committee. The meeting was adjourned to Monday 

this instant. 20th of November at two o'clock p. m. 

The inhabitants met as abov* mentioned and adjourned to 

the house of Captain David Longfellow, when the proceed- 
ings of the Convention was read, and then the proceedings 
of the > 'ommittee appointed by the Town to draft an Add' 
was laid before the inhabitants for their approbation, and 
Borne small amendment being made. It was voted that the 



109 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

address be acceptable and that the same be forwarded to the 
President of the Convention, that is to assemble at Port- 
land, the last Wednesday of January, 1787. The meeting 
then dissolved. 

EALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 



Following is the Address: "Sir, the proceedings of the 
Convention of Delegates assembled at Portland, September 
ft, 1786, was received by the Selectmen and laid before a 
legal meeting of the Inhabitants of this town warned to 
assemble for that purpose, and after mature deliberation, it 
was voted unanimously, that this Town does not think it 
expedient at this present period, that a reparation from the 
Commonwealth should take place, as you may observe by the 
enclosed copy of their proceedings and appointed us a Com- 
mittee to transmit the same to you, and inform you as Pres- 
ident of the Convention, the reason which actuated them to 
vote for it. We therefore according to the direction of the 
town beg leave to state some of the reasons that influence 
the inhabitants in this measure. They conceive that what 
the honorable Convention states as Grievances are not in- 
conveniences or burthens that are natural to all States, and 
will always in some cases operate more powerfully in some 
part of the State than in others. We are not under the least 
apprehension, but that the Legislature will always be 
ready (when proper steps which the Constitution points 
out for that purpose are justly directed to them) to remove 
those inconveniences or burthens, so far as it is possible or 
consistent with the good of the whole, and although some 
Acts of the General Court may operate more against the 
three Eastern Counties, still the Inhabitans of the town of 
Machias do not think that their interests are so different as 
to be a sufficient. foundation for them to seek Separation: — 
neither do we conceive, that The General Court being so 
large operates any more against ■ those Counties, than the 
other parts of the Commonwealth. That the General Court 
is large and consequently makes their business more perplex- 



FIRST SE I II I Ml \ I 



110 



ing we readily admit, tail Eor the removal of that evil, we 
look forward to the year IT 1 .!"), when a revisal of the Con- 
stitution is to take place, when a full remedy may be obtain- 
ed by having only three or four members <mt nf a County 
instead of one from every town. 

[n application to the Supreme, Executive Authority, the 
repairing to the office of the Supreme Judicial Court and 
State Treasurer in Boston, cau be attended with much Less 
expense, than thus,' inland Counties where the Suitors have 
to travel by land, which is more expensive than water con- 
veyance which is frequent from the Eastern Ports. That a 
considerable part of the inhabitants in these Eastern Counties 
are aol repres sated cannot by any m sans be considered as a 
Grievance, Eor we apprehend the faults Lie wholly at their 
own doors, as the Districts and Plantations on a proper ap- 
plication would doubtl ss be incorporated whereby that 
difficulty would be removed. This we are convinced of by 
our experience ; therefor- think that cannot be a sufficient 
reason for Separation. The present mode of taxation by 
polls and Estates is one of those inconveniences, which will 

in all States operate more p werfully in sun" parts than in 

others. Bui we are informed the General Court, at their 
late session has lightened that burthen as much as they 
possibly can, and that they have passed an acl to receive Lumber 
for Taxes; If this is true it will operate in our Eavour then 
it will in favour of other Counties, a- it will not tie so ex- 
pensive to sen I our lumber t<> Bo ton from the Eastern part 

of the State to pay OUT taxes, as it will cost those who have 

i i pay. who only live twenty miles from Boston. 

Tie' Excise and [mporl Am may lie considered in the same 

light, a. the artiole respecting taxation, Eor that burthen is 
wholly or in a great measure removed by the Excise upon 
Cyder, which we are informed the Legislature has laid on that 
artiole the last session. The difference of the duty upon 
1 1 eds they, with all due deference to the honorable Conven- 
tion, think too tritiing to mention. Bowever should we he 
misinformed in respect to the A.cts i assed the last Beesion as 
i> ii, -fur,' in mtioned; and even grant that the present mode 



Ill HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

of taxation, the Excise and Duties on Deeds, operate more 
against the Eastern Counties than any other part of thia 
Commonwealth- but still we are of opinion that it cannot 
operate to such a degree as to make a Separation any way 
necessary. 

To suppport a separate Government would in the opinion 
of this Town, be attended with much greater expense than 
what these Counties pay towards the present, without any 
real advantage coming to us. 

The British have made encroachments on, our Eastern 
frontiers, and are still endeavoring to extend their Bound- 
ary Line farther West, purely in consequence of their in- 
formation that these Eastern Counties are wishing to be 
erected into a separate State, and we would not in the small- 
est degree wish to gratify their inclinations, for they have 
ever boasted, that if our Government could once be divided 
in interests, and .Principles and Territory, they would more 
readily fall a prey to their wishes should separation of 
this State take place ; these Counties would not be in sit- 
uation to settle the dispute so much to advantage, as they 
will in this present convention and the force of Union to 
support it. The great extent of these Counties and there 
being but thirty inhabited towns and should war with any 
Foreign Power take place, this State in its weak situation, 
would probably fall the first sacrifice, and then Mass- 
achusetts would not think it so particularly her interests to 
use their exertions in its defense, as it would in the present 
connection. Neither is it probable the Commonwealth will 
iii the present situation of affairs be brought to give her 
consent as it would be an example for the Counties of 
Berkshire and Hampshire to separate which they now seem 
inclined to do ; and when a State once begins to decide it 
may be attended with many fatal consequences, and congress, 
who are bound to support the Constitutional Rights of each 
State, would not give their consent in such a measure. 

At a time when our affairs are in such a precarious sit- 
uation, when we labor under so many embarassments, which 
cannot be remedied by a Separation but rather increased ; 



FIRST SETT] I MI-NT. 1 I 2 

when the deluded People, in many of the Counties, are ris- 
ing in open Rebellion to all Law and Government we think 
it impolitic unwise and unjustifiable to further perplex 
Governmenl in prosecuting measures so unwarrantable t<> 
obtain a separation at this time. 

We observe the Honorable Convention voted, that those 
Towns and plantations, that do not send delegates or send 
their votes will be considered as acquiescing in a Sep- 
aration. This we beg leave to observe is a method to collect 
the minds of the People different from what has been here- 
tofore practiced and a construction pul upon their silence, 
not warranted upon any Principle of Reason; therefore 
least so unjustifiable a consruction be put upon our silence, 
thi' Town has directed their proceedings to be transmitted 
to you. We are yours, 

S. JONES, ~1 

JAMES AVERY, | Committee. 

R. H. BOWLES, J 

To the Hon. William Grorham, President of the Conven- 
tion to assemble at Portland, in January, 1787. 

JAMES AVERY, T. C. 



The next Town meeting was legally appointed to meet at 
the meeting house at the Western Falls, on March 10th, 
L787, to cl.ct Moderator and all other necessary Town 
officers, as towns in this Commonwealth are by Law 
authorised to <dioi.se in the months of March or April 
annually. Article 3d reads, To grant money for making 
and repairing high ways, minister and school taxes and for 

other purposes. 4th, To know the mind of the town re- 
specting the place where they will hold Town meetings in 
future. 5th, To know if the Town will come into some 
measure for the more expeditions mode of assessing and 
collecting taxes. 6th, To impure into any complaints re- 
icting an} encroachments on the Lands granted by the 



1 1 3 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

Proprietors to the Rev. James Lyon and act thereon what 
shall appear to be right and equitable. 7th, To know if 
the Town will abate any part or the whole of Benjamin 
Gooch's taxes for several years past. 8th, To vote what 
shall be allowed the Collectors for collecting the nine 
years taxes for the Rev. James Lyon and choose a Com- 
mittee to settle with said Collectors, and to act upon any 
other business that may come before said meeting ; more 
especially for regulating the Fisheries. 

STEPHEN JONES. 
MORRIS O'BRIEN, 
STEPHEN SMITH, 

Selectmen. 



Machias, March 16, 1787. 
Agreeable to the foregoing Warrant the Inhabitants met at 
the time and place therein mentioned and made choice of 
Col. George Stillman, Moderator. 

The following persons were chosen Town officers : 
Selectmen, Stephen Jones, Stephen Smith, Benjamin 
Foster, Joseph Libby, Jeremiah O'Brien; Assessors, Enoch 
Sanborne, David Longfellow. John Foster; Treasurer. 
George Stillman. ; Collectors, Samuel Holmes, John Scott ; 
Constables, Wm. Albee and Ephraim Chase; Surveyors of 
Highways, Jeremiah O'Brien, David Longfellow, Daniel 
Stone, Silvanus Seavy, Daniel Hoit: Surveyors of Lumber, 
Eleazer Hatheway, William Albee, Gideon O'Brien, Moses 
Foster, Ephraim Chase, Amos Boynton, Jonathan Pineo, 
Peter Talbot, Nathan Longfellow, Jr., and Joseph 
Getchell, Jr. Fence Viewers Amos Boynton, Ebenezer 
Gardner, Joseph Munson, Jr., John Berry. Feild Drivers, 
Nathan Longfellow, Jr., John Crocker, ''Aaron Seavey, 
Nathaniel Phinney, Amos Boynton. Scalers of Weights 
and Measures, Benjamin Foster, George Stillman. Hog 
Reeves, Benjamin Gooch, Stephen Monson John Monson, 
Benjamin Harmon, John Crocker, " John Kelly, Israel 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 1 M 

Andrews. Wardens, Enoob Waterhouse, Benjamin Goocrh, 
George Seavy, Joseph Libby. X. B. Those with this 
mark S Bworn in meeting; those with this mark X sworn 
afterwards. 

Voted : That the sum of two hundred pounds be raised for 
making and repairing highways, for the ensuing year; thai 
men's wages be six shillings per day and four shillings for a 
yoke of oxen ; and thai two days be levied on the poles and 
the rest i n the estates. 

Voted: That the sum of eighty-six pounds be raised the 
coming year to pay the Rev. James Lyon. Voted, That 
town meetings in future he held alternately at the Western 
Falls and Kast River. 

The matter respecting any encroachments on the lands 
granted to the Rev. dames Lyon, being submitted by the 
parties of flames Avery, St<. phen Jones and George Stillman 

Noted that the article be dismissed. Voted: That the 
tax of Benjamin Gobch Eor 1786 be abated, excepting his 
highway tax. 

Voted: That there be allowed two and one half per cent 
to the Collectors for collecting the nine years tax and that 
James Avery, Esq., ('apt. Jeremiah O'Brien, Stephen 
.lours. Esq., be a Oommiteee to settle with the said Col- 
lectors. Voted: That a collector be appointed to collect the 
deficiency of Kates due the Rev. Mr. Lyon in 1772, '73, '74, 
and the Assessors granl a Warrant for collecting the same 
and that John Scoti he said Collector. Voted: That the 
same regulations respecting fish that was voted last year be 
continued in Eorce for the present, and that all set nets shall 
be taken up or tied up. during the time prohibited for tak- 
ing fish under the same penalty as taking fish. 

Voted: That Morris O'Brien have liberty to build a 

weir for taking fish in the Creek near his Point subjeot to 
the regulations of the Selectmen. 

Voted: thai one year more lie allowed Eor opening roads 
and highways, provided there be gates or bars where any 
fence crosses the road. 



1 1 5 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Voted : that the landings for receiving split lumber for 
taxes be at the Western Falls and the East River Landings. 

Voted : that hogs may run at large the ensuing year. 
Regulations for the assessing and collecting the taxes of the 
Town of Machias — 1st, all taxes, as grants of money, voted 
by this Town shall be assessed on the polls and estates of the 
Inhabitants by the assessors, and committed to the Collec- 
tors with a Warrant to collect the same within two months at 
farthest after the same is voted, and a return of such assess- 
ment with the names of the Collectors, to whom the same is 
committed to collect be made by the Assessors to the Town 
Clerk and Town Treasurer : — should the Assessors neglect to 
make their assessment and returns in manner and within 
the time as above mentioned, then in that case the said 
assessors be accountable to the town for the full sums they 
have so neglected to assess, to be recovered by Execution from 
the Town Treasurer. 2nd. the collectors, on receiving a 
list of the assessment with a Warrant for collecting the 
same, shall immediately proceed on the business of collect- 
ing and complete the whole before the next annual meeting. 
3d. the collectors shall on the first Monday of each month, 
render a true account of all moneys they have collected, 
with the names and sum, each person has paid, which 
account so rendered shall be entered with the records of the 
Selectmen, and laid before the town at their annual meet- 
ings ; any collectors who shall neglect to render such return 
to the Selectmen, as aforesaid, shall forfeit the whole pre- 
mium or commissions they otherwise would have been en- 
titled to and have received for collecting. 4th, The Col- 
lector shall pay into the Town Treasury all sums he may 
collect monthly taking the treasury receipt for the same, 
and make up and settle his whole account before the annual 
meeting ; on any Collectors neglect, the Town Treasurer is 
to issue execution against such deficient Collector. 5th, 
the Town Treasurer shall keep a fair and regular account of 
all money's received for the use of the town, and pay the 
same out agreeable to the orders he may from time to time 
receive from the Selectmen and lay a fair statement of his 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 116 

accounts before the town at their annual meetings. 6th, 

The Collectors may reoeiv ders from the rate payers in 

payment, for the amount <>f such person's ministerial lax. 
and the Town Treasurer to receive the same from the Col- 
Lector and charge said minister therewith. 7th. Any person 
who lias a tax to pay to the minister may settle and pay the 
same, bringing a receipt from said minister to the collector, 
who had the collecting of the same, which collector shall 
receive such receipt for payment and credit such person 
therewith for wl icb said Collector shall he allowed one per 
cent Eor his trouble ami no more for all sums settled in the 
; 'aimer aforesaid. 

The foregoing regulations being presented and consider- 
ed . paragraph 1>\ paragraph, it was voted to accept the same. 

JAMES AVERY, Town Clerk. 



A lawful meeting was held at Western Falls the second 
day of April, 1787, to vote for Governor and the other state 

officers. The meeting was opened at one P. M. the Select- 
men presiding. 

For Governor his Excellency, dames Bowdoin, 73 

Honorable B. Lincoln. 03 

Lieut. Gov't. His Honor T. dishing. 76 

Senator Alexander Campbell, 76 

Agreeable to a resolve of the General Court the Decla 
ration of Allegiance was taken and subscribed by the town 
officers; the Town Clerk was sworn before Stephen Jones, 

Esq., and the others by the Town Clerk. 

"1 do truly and sincerely acknowledge, profess, testify 
and declare thai the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is and 

of riudit oughl to he a Free, foreign and independent State; 
and T do swear that T will bear true Faith and Allegiance to 
the said Commonwealth, and thai 1 will defend the same 
against traitorous conspiracies, and all hostile attempts 
whatsoever; Ami that 1 do renounce and abjure all 
allegiance, subjection and obedience to the Bang of Greal 



117 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Britain, and every other Foreign Power whatsoever. And 
that no Foreign Prince, person, prelate, State or potentate 
hath, or ought to have any jurisdiction, superiority, pre- 
eminence, authority, dispensing or other power in any 
matter, civil, ecclesiastical or spiritual, within this Com- 
monwealth, except the Authority and Power which is or may 
be invested by their constituents in the Congress of the 
United States. And I do further testify and declare, that 
uo man or body of men hath or can have any right to 
absolve or discharge me from the obligation of this oath, 
declaration or affirmation ; and that I do make this ac- 
knowledgement, profession, testimony, declaration, denial, 
renunciation and abjuration heartily and truly according to 
the common meaning and acceptance of the foregoing words 
without any equivocation whatsoever. So help me God. 

STEPHEN JONES, "l 
STEPHEN SMITH, 

JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, [-Selectmen. 

JOSEPH LIBBEE. | 

BENJAMIN FOSER, J 

JAMES AVERY, Town Clerk. 

GEORGE STILLMAN, Town Treasurer. 

DAVID LONGFELLOW, ^ 

JOHN FOSTER, ^Assessors. 

ENOCH SANBORNE, 

JOHN SCOTT, 
SAMUEL HOLMES. 



WILLIAM ALBEE. 
EPHRAIM CHASE, 



Collectors. 
'■ Constables. 



The inhabitants of the town of Machias, qualified as the 
Law directs, are hereby notified to assemble at the house of 
Samuel Rich, now improved as a meeting house, at East 
River in said Machias, on Tuesday th^ eighth day of May 
next, at ten o'clock before noon, to make choice of some 
suitable person to represent this town in the General Court 
of this Commonwealth the ensuing year. Then to choose a 
Moderator and choose one or more Collectors for collecting 
the town taxes for 1785 and 1786. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 1 18 

To see what measures the town will fake in applying to 
the General Oourl for an abatement of this town's state tax. 
and to granl such sums of money as may be necessary for 
the support of the poor of this town. By order of the 
Select men. 

JAMES A\ KKY, Town Clerk. 



Agreeable to the Warrant the Inhabitants met at the time 
and place mentioned. Selectmen presided. The votes being 
brought in and counted, it appeared Mr. David Gardner 
was duly elected to represent tins town in the General Court 
of this Commonwealth. 

Voted: That the Representative. from this town be and 
hereby is instructed not to draw any money out of the 
treasurer for payment of his attendance on the General 
Court, and not to attend but at such times and under such 
instructions as the Selectmen and Town Clerk may agree 
upon, and the Selectmen and Town Clerk to agree with him 
for the payment of his time when attending by their 
direction. Th u male choice of the Hon. Stephen Jones, 
Esq.. Moderator. George Seavy was chosen a Collector for 
collecting- taxes for 1785 and 17S<). in the room of John Fos- 
ter not qualified ami who was not notified of his appoint- 
ment. 

Voted: That application 1h» made to the General Court 
for an abatement of this towns state tax: that the Selectmen 
and Town Clerk be a Committee for that purpose. 

Voted: that the sum of fifteen pounds be granted for the 

support of the po< >r 

Attest, JAMES AVERY, Town Clerk. 

May 26, 17^7 a Warrant was issued for a town meeting to 

be held at Western Falls. Monday . th" fourth day of June 
at two o'clock in the afternoon, for the following purposes. 

viz., 1st., to choose a Moderator; i?i m I. to choose a Collector 

for the Eastern District in said Machias. to collect the taxes 
for years 17^"> and L786. oil. To vote what shall be allowed 



1 1 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

the Collector for collecting said taxes. 4th, To see if the 
town will make any allowance to Benjamin Foster, Esq., for 
lumber belonging to the town, which was in his hands and 
lost. By order of Selectmen, 

JAMES AVERY, Town Clerk. 



Agreeable to the Warrant the inhabitants met and mads 
choice of George Stillman, Moderator; Made choice of 
Silvanus Seavy for Collector of taxes of Eastern District 
for years 1785 and 1786. 

Voted seven and one half per cent for collecting said 
taxes. 

Voted; that the fourth article in the Warrant be dismissed. 

The Committee appointed to give instruction to the 
Representative from this town to the General Court and 
Petition for an abatement of our State tax, layed before the 
meeting a copy of said Instructions and Petition which was 
read and approved and are as follows : 

Machias, May 30, 1787. 
MR. DAVID GARDNER: 

We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee by the 
town of Machias to communicate to you, their motives in 
choosing you their Representative, have to inform you that 
their design and intention therein was that you should attend 
the first session of the General Court, and represent to that 
Honorable Body, their inability to pay the State tax assessed 
upon them the last year, and that you should use your best 
endeavors to obtain an abatement of the whole or a part of 
the said tax, and for the reasons assigned in our Petition 
herewith. But if you cannot obtain an abatement of the 
whole tax you are requested to apply for a Resolve for the 
Sheriff to stay Execution until we can have opportunity to 
collect some lumber and send to market to raise the money, 
which cannot be done before the Fall or next Spring; also 
for permission to pay the proposed part in fractions. 

The town of Machias in their present embarrassed state 
do not think themselves able to support a Representative 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 120 

(hen- the different sessions, therefore recommend to you to 

endeavor to have their business a< mplished, as soon as 

may be, and that you then arc j in-missioned to leave the 
House. But should any important questions come before 
the House during your attendance, if in its tendency it will 
be likely to be highly benificent to the Public, you will give 
your vote for it; but you are not by any means to give your 
vote for aa emission of paper money, nor are you to give 
your vote to any measure that will have a tendency to 
annihilate Public or private Debts. We have the Honor of 
our Nation at heart and would not by any means give our 
assent to an act that would have even a tendency to sully it. 
Though we are poor we mean to be honest. The Town of 
Machias wish to have the Powers of Congress enlarged. 
You will therefore give your vote for any measures that 
shall be adopted for that purpose ; and the Constitution of 
our Commonwealth we wish to have preserved inviolate, and 
the smallest deviation from the spirit of it not to be admitted 
upon any consideration. You are also to apply to the 
Honorable Caleb Davis, Esq., to know what has been done 
by the Court respecting erecting this District into a separate 
County. You are to consult with him, the necessary 
measures to be taken, to have our former Petition on that 
subject complied with, and use your best endeavors to have 
it accomplished. 

You are requested to consult with the Rev. James Lyon 
on the necessary measures to be taken to carry these in- 
structions into effect and ask him his assistance therein. 
Our reasons for pleading the remit of our state tax is drawn 
in the form of a Petition; you may present it to the Court, 
or only lay it before a Committee which ever may bethought 
best. We are your most obedient humble servant, 
STEPHEN JONES. ^ 
JAMES AVERY, Committee. 

JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, J 



121 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Humbly Sheweth : — 
That the General Court in March, 1786, taxed all the Settle- 
ments in the Eastern parts of this Commonwealth, among 
which this town was taxed thirty pounds; the tax act not 
coming in to the hands of the Assessors 'till last Fall, and 
all communication being stopped between this place and 
Boston during the course of the winter prevented our making 
application to the Honorable Court before : — we beg leave to 
lay before you a true and unexagerated state of our sit- 
uation and the difficulties and burthens we have and still 
labor under. In the month of May, 1763, about 12 men 
and three women came to Machias and began to erect a 
double saw mill, and in the month of Angust the came year 
the remainder of their families came down. The next year 
a number of other families having joined them ; they suppos- 
ing themselves to be within the Jurisdiction of the Province 
of Nova Scotia, applied there for a grant of a Township; 
but that Government supposing them not to be within their 
limits refused making them any grants. In the year 1766 
they having considerably increased in number, made an ap- 
plication to the Government of Massachusetts, but there be- 
ing some errors in the Petition they failed, but repeatedly 
renewed their application until the year 1770, when a Grant 
passed the Legislature; but then the King's approbation to 
be obtained before the grant would be valid. During all 
this time and 'till the War commenced, the people were in a 
state of uncertainty respecting their lands, therefore devoted 
most of their time to lumbering and had made but very 
little improvement upon their lands when hostilities com- 
menced, at which time they had not three weeks provisions 
in the township, and the very early and active part they 
took in the late contest rendered them very obnoxious to the 
British Commanders, and they had reason to apprehend their 
vengeance, and for the first year all kinds of business but 
war was dropt. The next year attempts were made for im- 
proving our lands, but the frequent alarms upon our coasts 
embarrassed the people so, that but little progress was made. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 122 

And in the month of August one brigg that was Loaded 

in our river and hound to the West Indies, and the two 
sloops that were loaded by and hound to Newbury, were all 
taken off the mouth of our Harbor soon after they sailed, by 
reason of which some people suffered greatly. Tn the Fall 
of the same year Mr. "Edy" came along from Boston hav- 
ing obtained some provisions by the order of the General 
Court, tho' not clothed with any authority by them, yet he 
proposed to carry on an Expedition against Cumberland in 
Nova Scotia, and the inhabitants of Machias full of zeal to 
support the common cause immediatly engaged with Edy 
and set out for Cumherland; hut finally after the severe 
season had set in and had to make a retreat through the 
wilderness upwards of 300 miles through the snow. The 
next year an expedition was formed under the authority of 
our Government against Nova Scotia and to enter that 
Province by the way of Cumherland. the general Ren- 
dezvous to he at Machias. This the enemy got intelligence 
of and before any considerable number of the troops or any 
cannon arrived here, a small squadron of their ships, consist- 
ing of one ship of forty four guns, three frigates and an armed 
Brig entered our Harhor. with a full determination to des- 
troy us. hut by the goodness of Divine Providence and the 
vigorous exertions of the people, they were repulsed with 
great loss on their part and upon our side of one man killed, 
one wounded ; two dwelling houses, two harns and one mill 
burnt. They afterwards collected in force at the mouth of 
the river, St. John, and we had frequent alarms and infor- 
mation, that they were determined to make another attack 
upon us. so that all the people's time and at tent ion was taken 

up in making the necessary preparations of defense 'till the 
season closed, when we were informed the enemy had retired 
into winter quarters, . In the year 177 s we had some little 
tranquility and considerable exertions were made for im- 
proving the lands. Bul in the year 177'.i we were again 
thrown into the greatest distress by the enemy establishing 
a Port at Major Bigwayduce (since Castine.) We then 
expected nothing hut subjugation and people had no heart 



123 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

to do anything. After our troops arrived and beseiged the 
enemy, General Loud found a reinforcement was necessary 
and sent an order for one half of the Militia to join him. 
The draught was immediately made and set out with Colonel 
Allen and had got as far as Deer Island when they received 
intelligence that the seige was raised. The people then re- 
turned home again but were under considerable apprehen- 
sion of being subjected; the British Commander having 
issued Proclamation denouncing vengeance against all those 
that did not come in at that time and submit themselves to 
the British government and take an Oath of Allegiance. 
Many persons to the Westward of us were discouraged as to 
propose to fall in with the British so as to become neutral, 
and had Petitions drawn for that purpose, which were sent 
to this Town to join in the measure, but we refusing and 
the steps we took prevented those places who were in favor 
of it from falling in, whereby the whole of the Country 
Eastward of Bagaduce was preserved. 

The people of this town were almost reduced to a state of 
desperation, but still determined never to subject until re- 
duced by superior force ; although all communication with 
the Metropolis and all other parts of the State, from whence 
we had any hope of relief seemed to be cut off, frequent 
alarms now took place through this and the ensuing year 
and while the war lasted. The people were called out to 
erect Fortifications and keep guard ; great pains were taken 
by the enemy to bring the Indians upon us and in the Fall 
of the year 1779, the noted Major Rogers was actually sent 
through by the way of Saint John's to Canada to bring a 
body of Indians against us early in the spring ; and they 
came a part of the way as we were afterwards informed, until 
the Indians belonging to St. John's River met them and 
persuaded them to return by telling them that the French 
and we were brethren and that to fight against us would be 
to fight against their father, the French King. But as we 
had early intelligence of the business that Rogers was upon, 
we really expected him and were at the expense of keeping 



FIRST si i n, km i;\r. 124 

scouts up ilic river to discover the enemy it' they approach- 
ed. 

Several vessels thai were bound here with supplies were 
taken and one thai was loaded with fish, furs and other 
valuable articles and owned in the place was taken on her 
passage to Boston and others thai had property on board 
belonging 1 the inhabitants Eel) into the enemy's hands. 
The numerous alarms and the want of provisions very much 
impeded the improvemenl of the lands, the remaining years 
of the war and kepi the people in a very marked situation. 

When the Peace took place in 1783, and g Is could be 

purchased for lumber, they were under the necessity of ob- 
taining considerable credit in order to carry on their 
business and clothe their families. The mills during the 
war went to decay and were rotten down, hiit lumber being 
in greal demand and commanding a greal price, they were 
excited to rebuild their mills, but were at a very great ex- 
pense in doing it. as labour of all kinds was exceeding high; 
had just got under way and a prospeel of discharging the 
demands againsl them, when the Navigation Act was passed 
which immediately marked the price of lumber down from 
eight *■•< four dollars j er thousand and is now a drag at three 
dollars. Thus were our people involved in the utmost dis- 
tresses, for mo t of them were in debt at the commencement 
of the War. and during the contest had no means of discharg- 
ing it even with paper money, which they would not even 
wish to have done had it been in their power, and to those 
old debts they had been under the necessity, as before 
mentioned of adding a very considerable new debt; and the 
Navigation Act was followed by two exceeding dry seasons, 
especially the last, when the drouth set in very severe in 
July, the mills were soon stopped for want of water and con- 
tinued so the remaining pari of tin' season. Ami winter 
Bel in very early without rain, the crop of potatoes cut pro- 
digiously short, and no credit to b- obtained BO that the in- 
habitants were reduced to greater straights the winter pasl 
than during any pari of the war. 

They have also been at a very greal expense in running 



125 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

out their Township, laying out their lots ; settling a Minister 
and supporting him for fifteen years ; building and provid- 
ing places for Pubilc Worship, making roads and many 
other heavy expenses, which arise in bringing forward the 
Settlement of a new Township. As an almost total stop 
was put to all business during the War, the inhabitants in 
general were unaple to pay the minister yearly which obliged 
him to run in debt for the support of his family, and when 
Peace took place there was nearly nine hundred pounds to 
be raised to pay his salary to enable him to discharge his 
debts, which came very heavy on the people; add to this 
his salary since the Peace at eighty pounds a year; for a 
public school 250 pounds a year, we have raised to make 
and repair roads . and highways and 200 pounds we have- 
raised the present year for repairing our meeting house, with 
other expenses of the town make it almost impossible to pay 
any state taxes laid upon us at present. And our great de- 
sire to support the Laws renders it necessary for us to make 
still further application, which is for a County to be erected 
in this District, which if granted must be attended with 
considerable expense, but the necessities of it make us 
anxious for the accomplishment of it. There are many 
strong and urgent reasons for a County being established 
in this District, in particular for the punishment of crimes 
against the Public which although they are not numerous 
yet there is some and amongst others those of fornication 
and bastardy : — also for granting licenses to persons as 
Inholders and retailers of spirituous liquors, for no person 
will be at the expense and fatigue of travelling three hundred 
miles and upwards through wilderness and exceeding bad 
roads, and when they come they must seek friends to be 
Bondsmen for them, which perhaps as they are strangers it 
would be impossible for them to obtain, and the consequence 
will be there will be no licensed persons in this part cf the 
county ; liquors will be sold in a clandestine manner, and if 
one sells another may, and the matter will be so general 
that no person can be informed against or punished and in- 
dividuals may thereby be much injured by too free use of 



FIRST SFITLEMENT. 126 

Bpirituoua liquors. A oounty road is also exceedingly 
wanted, which will not lie obtained until a County is estab- 
lished here; in short, as was before observed our reasons are 
too numerous to be mentioned. s^ 

\\\ the Hist years of the War the General Court found it 
necessary to grant the Settlements on the Kastern shore con- 
siderable sums of money to purchase provisions tor the in- 
habitants. This place received with the others and have 
repaid the whole since the Peace took place, which amount- 
ed to nearar 1,200 pounds, which we believe is the only 
place Eastward of Penobscot that has repaid the public 
any pari of the sums received,. Neither have they been at 
the expense of supporting a minister, building meeting 
houses, raisiag money for Highways and public schools. 

We are informed the Bonorable Court have been pleased 
to abate the taxes laid on several of the Plantations eastward 
of the Union River in consideration of their inability to 
pay; and we are fully sensible that this place is the least able 
(for the reasons before mentioned') of paying of any in the 
eastern County. 

At the time we petitioned to be incorporated, several of 
the members of the General Court informed us that, it would 
not be the means of bringing on taxation any sooner, as they 
supposed it would be unreasonable to tax us sooner than the 
other places adjacent, who were more able to pay. only 
because we wished to he incorporated to come into better 
regulations among ourselves. We don't wish to shrink 
from the public burthen but. whenever we are able to pay 
anything towards it, we will do it with cheerfulness; but 
from the many difficulties we labored under during the War; 

our embarrassed situation at the time and since the Peace 

took place; the large sums we have been obliged to raise, 
for the support of a Minister ami other purposes; the 
punctual mannei in which we repaid Government the 

moneys borrowed, together with our inability at present, 
we hereby pray your honorable Oouri to be pleased to take 
oil] - distress fully into their consideration and be pleased to 



127 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

grant ns relief by remitting onr State tax, and as in Duty 
bound will ever pray. 

By order and in behalf of the town of Machias. 

STEPHEN JONES, "| 

JAMES AVERY, [ Committee. 

JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, J 

Attest: JAMES AVERY, Town Clerk. 



To William Albee and Ephraim Chase of the town of 
Machias : You are hereby required to notify and warn the 
inhabitants of Machias, qualified as the Law directs to 
assemble at the Meeting house, at the Eastern Falls in said 
Machias, on Wednesday the twenty-first day of November 
inst, at eleven o'clock a. m., to choose some suitable person 
to represent this town in the convention called by the 
Legislature of this Commonwealth to take into consideration, 
the Constitution proposed for the Government of the United 
States of America. 

By order of the Selectmen, 

JAMES AVERY, Town Clerk. 
Machias, Nov. 17th, 1787. 

Agreeable to warrant, the inhabitants met at the time 
and place mentioned and made choice of Benjamin Foster, 
Esq., Moderator. 

Voted : That David Gardner be and hereby is appointed 
to represent this Town in the Convention called by the 
Legislature of this Commonwealth to take into consideration 
the Constitution for the Government of the United States of 
America, and that our said Representative give his vote for 
adopting the same. The meeting then adjourned without 
day. 

A town meeting was held on the 5th day of December, 
1787 at the meeting house at Western Falls to choose a 
Surveyor of highways in lieu of Capt. David Longfellow, 
who had declined. Stephen Jones was elected Moderator 
and Deacon Joseph Libby Surveyor of Highways. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 128 

On March 11, 1788, the inhabitants were warned to meet 
at liic Eastern Falls, in the meetii g house, at ten o'olock 

before noon, on tin' seventh day <>f April next to transact 
business of annual town meeting. The first, second and 
third articles called for election of town officers and grant- 
ing moneys to meet usual charges. The fourth article read : 
— To see what repairs and alterations shall be made to the 
meeting houses. 

5th: To see if the, Town will make any allowance to 
Colonel Foster for loss on boards collected for the town; 
also, at two o'clock in the afternoon of said day. to vote for 
Governor, Lieut. Governor and one Senator for the County 
of Lincoln. 

At this meeting Stephen Jones was elected Moderator and 
Ralph Hart Bowles, Town Clerk ; James Avery, Peter 
Talbot, Jeremiah O'Brien. Selectmen; also were voted to be 
Assessors; George Stillman Town Treasurer; John Foster 
and Nathan Longfellow, Jr., Collectors; Ephraim Chase and 
William Albee, Constables; Jeremiah O'Brien, Amos 
Boynton. Abijah Foster. Sam Holmes. Enoch Waterhouse 
and Aaron Andrews, Surveyors of highways.; Ephraim 
Chase, Peter Talbot, Moses Foster, John Foster, Win. 
Chaloner, Gideon O'Brien, Amos Boynton, Wm. Albee, 
N. Longfellow, Jr., Jonathan Pineo, Benjamin Go< oh, 
Surveyors of lumber; Stephen Munson. Job Burnhain, 
Fence viewers; Aaron Sevey and Consider Drew. Field 
Drivers; Jacob Palmer and N. Longfellow. Jr., Sealers of 
leather.; George Stillman. Esq., sealer of weights and 
measures.; Stephen Munson, Marshall Thaxter, Jacob 
Longfellow, Hog Reeves; Benjamin Foster Junior, and 
.Joseph Libby, Wardens. 

Voted: That swine run at large the ensuing year. 
Voted: That the sum of eighty -six pounds be levied and 

raised, from the polls and estates of the inhabitants of this 
town for the Rev. .lames Lyon's salary the ensueing year. 
Voted: That the sum of sixty pounds be raised for the 

support of Schools, Voted: That our hundred and fifty 
pounds be raised for the work on the highways. 



129 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Voted : That a Committee be appointed to examine the 
Treasurer and Collector's books and accounts, Stephen 
Jones, Peter Talbot, Joseph Libbee were appointed. 

Voted : That George Seavy be Collector to collect the 
deficiency that is due on the tax which was voted to be raised 
for the salary of Rev. James Lyon and not collected by 
David Longfellow late Collector deceased. Voted: That 
the fourth article in the Warrant be dismissed. 

Voted on the fifth article : To see if the town will now 
make an allowance of fifteen pounds to Col. Benj. Foster for 
loss on boards and passed in the negative. The meeting 
adjourned without delay. 

At two o'clock, p. m., of the same day the Selectmen 
presiding : votes were taken as follows : 

His Excellency, John Hancock Esq., for Governor, 77 
Hon. Benjamin Lincoln, for Lieut. Governor, 73 

Hon Waterman Thomas for Senator, 72 

The votes were then sealed up according to law and the 
meeting dissolved. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 



April 29, 1788. The inhabitants of the town of Machias, 
qualified as the Law directs, are hereby notified to assemble 
at the meeting house at the Western Falls in said Machias 
on Friday the ninth day of May next, ten o'clcok before 
noon to make choice of some suitable person to represent 
this town in the General Court of this Commonwealth the 
ensuing year. 

Then to choose a Moderator, and see if this Town will 
raise a sum of money for the support of the poor and to 
defray the town chargs the ensuing year; and also to see 
what steps are necessary to be taken to obtain a County in 
this Eastern District. By order of the Selectmen. 

RALHP H. BOWLES, T. C. 

The same day a meeting was held at which the Selectmen 
presided : — James Avery, Esq. , was chosen to represent the 



FIKST SI I II IMI \l . 130 

town in the General Oouri of this Commonwealth. James 
Avery was then chosen Moderator to the meeting, Voted: 
Thai tha sum <>f ten pounds, ten shillings !>• raised Eor the 
supporl of tin* poor child now al John ('rocker's for ensu- 
ing year. 

Voted: Thai fen pounds lie raised to defray the necessary 
town expenses this currant year. 

Voted: That the Selectmen be empowered to give such 
instructions to their Representative in behalf of the town 
as they shall judge requisite, 

RALPH H. BOWLES, T. C. 

May i>, 1788. Eben Gardner's mark for cattle, sheep and 
hogs, "Smooth crop off top right ear and a slit in left." 
Benjamin Pettegrew's mark for farm stock — "slit in righl 
ear." Jacob Palmer's mark for creatures "Smooth crop 
off right ear and half penny on the upper side and slit in 
the left ear." 

The following Oath of Allegiance was administered: — I do 
truly and sincerely acknowledge 1 , profess, testify and de- 
clare, that the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is. and of 
right ought to be, a Free, Sovereign and Independent State: 
and I do swear that I will hear true Faith and allegiance to 
the said Commonwealth ; and that I will defend the same 
against traitorous conspiracies and all hostile attempts 
whatever: and that I do renounce and abjure all allegiance, 
subjection and obedience to the King <>f Great Britain and 
all other Foreign Powers whatsoever; and that no foreign 
Prince, person, Prelate, State or Potentate hath, or ought 
to have, any jurisdiction, superiority or pre-eminence, 
authority <>r other power in any matter civil, eooelesiastio or 
spiritual, within this Commonwealth, except the authority 
or Power that is or may be invested by our Constituents in 

the Congress of the United States: and 1 do farther testify 
and declare that no man or body of men hath or can have 
any right to dissolve or discharge me from the obligation of 

this Oath, declaration or affirmation, and that I do make 



131 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

this acknowledgement, profession, testimony, declaration, 
denial, renunciation and abjuration heartily and truly 
according to the common meaning and acceptation of the 
foregoing words, without any equivocation or mental 
reservation whatever. So help me God. 

JAMES AVERY, "] Selectmen 

JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, y and 
PETER TALBOT, J Assessors. 

GEORGE STILLMAN, Treasurer. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

EPHRAIM CHASE, > n , , , 
WILLIAM ALBEE, \ <-onstames. 

JOHN FOSTER, Inn* 

NATHAN LONGFELLOW, JR. \ ^ ollecTors - 

GEORGE SEAVEY, collector for year 1788. 

The seventh day of July, 1788, the inhabitants met at the 
meeting house in Eastern River, at ten o'clock in the forenoon 
for the following purposes; 1st. To choose a Moderator. 2d. 
To see what measures the town will agree upon respecting 
the collecting the State tax for the present year, and to con- 
sider whether the same may be collected in lumber; also, to 
see if the town will have the former State tax collected and 
if~necessary to choose Collectors. ; and to vote what com- 
missions shall be allowed the Collectors for the present year. 

Signed : 

JAMES AVERY, ) Q 1 . 

JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, \ &electmen - 



The voters assembled agreeable to the foregoing warrant. 

George Stillman was elected Moderator. 

Voted: That Amos Boynton be Collector for the present 
year to collect the State tax. 

Voted : That the Assessor's bills for the former State tax 
be delivered to the Collectors, who are to collect the present 
State tax, and if any persons are about to leave the town 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 182 

they are to call upon them, and demand and receive the sum 
they are assessed for in cash or good meohantable boards at 
eighteen shillings per thousand. 

Voted: That the Collectors Eor the present year who 
colled the taxes lie allowed five per cent Eor all such moneys 
or lumber so received as taxes. Voted: This meeting be 

adjourned. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, T. 0. 

On March 18, 1789, James Avery, Peter Talbot, Jeremiah 
O'Brien, Selectmen, issued their Warrant for a town meet- 
ing to be held at the Western falls, on Monday, the sixth 
day of April next, for the purposes hereafter mentioned. 

1st. To choose a Moderator. 

2nd. To choose a town clerk and all other town officers as 
the Law directs. 

3 I. To raise a sum of money for the Minister's salary the 
ensuing year, and foT other necessary town charges. 

4th. To VQ,te for a sum of money necessary for the sup- 
port of schools. 

5th. To consider the request of John Roberts who, un- 
fortunately was very much hurt by the fall of a tree and to 
know if this town will grant him some relief. 

Oth. To receive the returns of the roads laid out and to 
see if this town will accept the same. 

7th. To sec if the town will excuse John Poster and Amos 
Boynton from collecting the State tax for 1786 and have 
other persons to collect the same. 

8th. To sec if the town will agree to pay the expenses 
arising in consequence of a aumber of persons being landed 
Dear Machias by a Captain Napier, out of the the State tax 
for L786 

9th. To appoint suitable persons to inspect the Fisheries 
and to appoint the time for taking fish and regulating the same. 

The same day at two o'clock in the afternoon the iu- 
babitants were notified to give in their votes for usual town 
officers. The meeting was held as duly warned by the Con- 
stables. Hon. Stephen Jones, Esq., was chosen Moderator; 



133 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

Ralph H. Bowles, Town Clerk-; James Avery, Esq , Capt. 
Stephen Smith and Capt. Peter Talbot., Selectmen and 
Assessors; George Stillman, Town Treasurer. Benjamin 
Gooch and Enoch Waterhouse, Collectors. Ephraim Chase 
and Wm. Albee, Constables. Gideon O'Brien, Deacon Joseph 
Libbee, Stephen Munson, George Seavey, Wm. Emerson, 
Jesse Scott, Surveyors of Highways. Wm. Chaloner, Wm. 
Albee, Gideon O'Brien, N. Longfellow, Jr., Amos Boyn- 
ton, Tilley Howe, Capt. Talbot, John Foster, Jonathan 
Pineo, Ephraim Chase, Moses Foster, Benj. Gooch, Israel 
Andrews, Surveyors of lumber. Amos Boynton and Capt. 
Peter Talbot, fence viewers. Aaron Sevey and Job Burnham, 
Field Drivers. N. Longfellow, Jr., Benjamin Gooch, Sealers 
of leather. 

The same Oath of Allegiance was subscribed to as before 
done by the town officers. James Avery was elected Sealer of 
Weights and Measures. Moses Elsmore, Jonathan Seavey, 
Jonathan Woodruff, Jacob Longfellow, Hog Reeves. Capt. 
Sevey, Aaron Hanscom, Wardens. 

Voted : That the sum of eighty-six pounds be assessed 
upon the Polls and estates the ensuing year for one year's 
salary for the Rev. James Lyon and that the sum of [twenty 
pounds be raised for contingent town charges. 

4th. Voted: that not any money should be assessed this 
year for the support of schools. 

The 5th article was some time under consideration and not 
anything conclusive was determined upon. Voted : on the 
3d article, (which should have been inserted above, ) that the 
sum of one hundred and fifty pounds be assessed upon the 
inhabitants the ensuing year for the service of the High- 
ways and that two days be assessed upon each of the Polls 
and the remaninder on the Estates. 

6th, Voted : that the roads as laid out by the Selectmen 
are acceptable, agreeable to their return ; the return put on 
the town files. 

The 7th, 8th and 9th articles in the Warrant were by vote of 
the town adjourned to the May meeting. The meeting was 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 134 

adjourned and the inhabitants assembled to vote for State 
officers. 

His Excellency, John Hancock, Esq., had 50 

James Bowdoin for Govenor, 22 

His Honor, Benjamin Lincoln, Esq., for Lieut. Gov'r. 72 
Alexander Camplndl, Esq., for Senator had, 72 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

The inhabitants were called together at East River, Mon- 
day the eleventh day of May, at ten o'clock before noon to 
make choice of a Representative to the General Court; the 
Constables were also called to give notice at the same time, 
that the last April meeting was adjourned to the May meet- 
ing. 

Assembled as per notification. The Selectmen presided. 

James Avery was elected for town Representative. This 
meeting then closed, and Stephen Jones, Esq., as 
Moderator, opened the meeting as by the adjournment from 
April. Voted: . That the 7th and 8th articles in the April 
Warrant be dismissed. 

Voted on the 9th article: That the Selectmen be the 
persons to inspect the fishery and to see that the Laws made 
and provided by the late Act of the General Court respect- 
ing the fish in the County of Lincoln be complied with, and 
that they regulate themselves accordingly. 

Voted: That James Gooch, Nathaniel Phinney, Enoch 
Sanborne be Harbor Masters the ensuing year. 

Voted: That Joseph Getchell. Jr., Job Burnham be Sur- 
veyors of High ways in addition to those already chosen. 
Voted: That the swine run at large the ensuing year. 

Votes were then brought in and counted by the Moderator, 

for choice of County Treasurer; and it appeared then' were 
for Nathaniel Thwing Esq., forty-five votes. 

Voted: That the road from Eastern River to the Western 
Falls, by the road as it now runs round Middle River, be 
left open and that sufficient gates be made by the pro- 
prietors where necessary, and thai the road from East River 



135 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

mills to Benjamin Foster's be left open and gates provided 
as above mentioned in lieu of bars. 

Voted : That the road be left open from Dublin mill to 
Nathaniel Phinney's and that sufficient gates or bars be 
provided by the proprietors of such lands where necessary. 

Voted : That this meeting be dissolved. 

EALPH H. BOWLES. T. C. 



May 7th, 1789 : — John Crocker from Barnstable with his 
family come to reside in this town and live at Capt. Peter 
Talbot's house. This report made by Peter Talbot one of 
the Selectmen. 

R H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 



The Selectmen notified a town meeting to be held at the 
meeting house, Western Falls, in Machias on Tuesday the 
fifteenth day of September, 1789 ; after choosing a Moderator 
— to see what the town will determine upon, respecting the 
State tax for 1786 not yet collected, and if necessary to 
choose Collectors for the same also, to agree upon what 
instructions the town will give their Representative to the 
General Court and make provision for him to be paid. 

A few persons only assembled upon the date before stated 
and this meeting adjourned to Monday, the 28th of Sep- 
tember, at ten o'clock before noon. 

The meeting assembled as by adjournment and voted to 
"further adjournment" to Saturday the 3d of October next 
at two P. M. 

At a town meeting of the inhabitants of Machias agree- 
able to the before mentioned Warrant and "continued by 
adjournment to this third day of October, Stephen Jones 
was chosen Moderator : — voted, that measures be taken to 
collect the State tax No. 5. 

The meeting after long debating upon the subject and 
fully considering upon the measures voted, that James 
Avery and Ralph H. Bowles, as by their proposition here- 
after mentioned be appointed Collectors with full power to 



FIRST SKIT!. KM I \ I 136 

oolleot said state tax No. 6. Agreemenl as proposed: thai 
they receive good merchantable boards, at thirty shillings 
per thousand feel and be allowed five percent for collecting 
the same and indemnify the town Erom said (ax: the in- 
habitants agreeing to pay one half by the fifteenth day of 
November next and the other half the first day of Jnly, 1790, 
and [f not then paid the sum assessed, to be paid them in 
cash only by the delinquents." 

Voted: that an order be given by the Selectmen on the 
t iwii treasursr for the sum of twelve pounds, to be delivered 

to dames Avery. Esq., on account of Ids expenses as 

Representative to the General Court this winter sessions 
now approaching, and that the said Representative to 
account Eor the same to this town. 

Voted: that the Honorable Stephen Jones, Esq., R. H. 
Howies, Stephen Parker. Captain Jeremiah O'Brien be a 
committee to give instructions to and for Ids government at 
t lie General Court. Voted: thai this meeting be adjourned 

without daw 

RALPH H. BOWLES, T. C. 

To James Avery. Esq..— You being chosen to represent 
the town of Maehias in the General Court of tins Common- 
wealth for the present year, it is expected by your con- 
stituents, that you attend the next sessions. and for the 
government of your general conduct, would recommend to 
you. that in all questions thai should arise wherein either 
the Federal or State Government may be effected, that you 
never give your voice or vote in favor of any motion, that 

shall have a tendency to Impair the Constitution of either. 

You are sensible that the in ha bit ants of this town were well 
pleased with the Constitution of the Federal Government in 
its present form, but as this Commonwealth, and some other 
of the principal Mates, have prepared amendments, and the 
present Congress have originated Beveral articles, which are 
to be recommended to the differenl state Legislatures for 
their approbation, and if approved to be considered a part 
of the Constitution, and as those articles appear to have a 



137 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

general tendency operating equally throughout the Union, 
you are therefore at liberty to give your vote in favor of 
those being adopted, should they be laid before the Legis- 
lature. You are to use your best endeavors to support 
Public Credit and never to give your vote to defraud any 
person of his honest dues. . 

You are particlarly requested to use your endeavors to 
obtain a Compensation for the heavy expenses the in- 
habitants of the town incurred in supporting the Irish 
people that were thrown upon us in the year 1786. 

This town having incurred heavy expenses in supporting 
a Gospel Ministry, building meeting houses, supporting 
schools, clearing roads, building bridges and many other 
charges that are incident to new townships ; also meeting 
with heavy tire in the burning of our mills last Fall, and 
the loss of our logs last Spring, you are therefore to sup- 
plicate an abatement of a part or the whole of tax No. 5. 

There was also a very considerable expense arose to in- 
dividuals in this town, the year 1785 in taking and receiv- 
ing three pirates; you are requested to have their accounts 
passed and paid. You are further to procure an addition 
to an Act made for the preservation of the fish in the 
Counties of Cumberland and Lincoln ; that it may be ex- 
tended to the different rivers as far East as the St. Croix. 

In general matters we would not wish to control you, as 
you will be present and hear what is offered for and against 
the questions proposed, and therefore leave it to your good 
sense to decide. 
Signed, 

STEPHEN JONES, 1 
RALPH H. BOWLES, ( n .., 
STEPHEN PARKER, j^ ommmee - 
JEREMIAH O'BRIEN. J 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled. — 
The Petition of the Selectmen of Machias humbly showeth 

— That the General Court in the year of our Lord, 1786, 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 138 

taxed the town of Maohias the sum of 302 pounds, K) shil- 
lings towards paying the debts and the supporl of Govern- 
ment. 

The inhabitants of this town were always ready and stood 
foremost in this Country during the late War in defending 
the same, and sinoe Peace have exerted themselves to the 
utmost in the support of Government, and to pay their just 
proportion of all jusl taxes for that purpose; bul from their 
great embarrasments and late misfortunes, they arc under 
the necessity of appealing to your Honor Eor relief and beg 
leave to lay before you facts. 

This town several years before the late war had a minister 
regularly settled, whom they. paid 86 pounds per annum. 
When the War commenced and their Lumber trade was 
entirely cut off they were unable to pay him yearly, and 
when Peace took place, they found themselves indebted for 
the delinquenoy of his salary the sum of 930 pounds which 
they were obliged to raise and pay. besides his yearly salary 
since. 200 pounds raised for building and repairing meet- 
ing houses. 80 pounds a year for schools together with 
taxes for the poor and other charges, with taxes for roads 
etc., amounting to no less sum than 2,0^2 pounds. 15 shill- 
ings, which the town has been necessitated to raise since the 
Peace, exclusive of their State and County taxes. 

Add to this the last year we had the misfortune to have 
two double saw mills and one grist mill destroyed by fire 
with a large quantity of boards near them: and this spring 
a high freshet carried away the boom across the river by 

which three thousand logs went over the dam. The loss by 
these misfortunes, at the lowest estimation cannot be 
less than (*>(X) pounds. 
We are informed thai the Honorable Senate and House have 

been pleased t o abate t wo t h i rds of the tax laid the same 

year on several plantations Westward of this town provided 

they do the same in Support of a Minister and a school. 
which this town has had and continues to do. 

Your petitionsers therefore humbly request your Honors 
will be pleased to take their distressed condition into your 



189 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

wise consideration and be pleased to grant them such relief 

as you in your Wisdom may think fit. And as in duty 

bound will ever pray. 

Machias, 16th Dec'r. 1789. 

• STEPHEN SMITH, > Q , , 
PETER TALBOT. \ selectmen. 

On the 29th of January, 1790 Consider Drew has record 
made of his mark for Cattle, sheep and hogs as follows : 
Square crop off the left ear and swallow's tail off the right 
ear. 

In April 1790, Stephen Smith, Peter Talbot. James Avery 
as Selectmen ; R. H . Bowles, Cl^rk ; Daniel Meserve, 
Collector; Geo. Stillman, Treasurer; Wm. Albee, James 
Gooch, Constables subscribed to the oath of Allegiance. 

April 5, 1790, the following were chosen town officers : — 
Ralph H. Bowles, Clerk; Stephen Smith, James Avery, 
Peter Talbot, Selectmen, also appointed Assessors ; George 
Stillman, Treasurer; Stephen Parker, Daniel Meserve, 
Collectors; Ephraim Chase, Wm. Albee, Constables; 
Gideon O'Brien, Marshall Thaxter, Nath'l Phinney, Jtmes 
Gooch, Benj. Foster, Esq., Wallace Fenlason, Joseph 
Getchell Jr., George Stillman, Surveyors of Highways; 
Samuel Holmes, Stephen Jones, Benjamin Foster, Com- 
mittee to inspect the Fishery ; N. Longfellow, Jr. , Daniel 
Hoit, Inspectors of Leather. 

Motion was made to grant to the Rev. James Lyon four 
teen pounds in addition to his salary the last year ; a vote 
was taken and passed in the Negative. 

Voted : That eighty-six pounds be granted for the Salary 
of the Rev. James Lyon the ensuing year. 

Voted : That the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds be 
raised for the repairs of the Highways, Man's labor six 
shillings per day yoke of oxen four shillings per day. 
Voted : That the sum of sixty pounds be raised for support 
of schools Voted : That the remainder of the articles in 
the Warrant be adjourned 'till Wednesday, May 5 next, at 
two o'clock afternoon and that this meeting be adjourned to 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 140 

that day, then to be held in the meeting house, ai the 
Western Kails. 

Voted Thai swine run at large this year. 

The remaining articles were adjourned 'til Wednesday 
the fifteenth day of May, at two o'clock afternoon the meet- 
ing adjourned to thai date and to be held at the Western 
Kails.' 

Assembled as by adjournment, selectmen presiding and 

the votes were received and counted 

For John Hancock, for Governor, 62 

Samuel Adams, Lieut. Gov'r. 62 

Alexan lar Campbsll, for Senator, 62 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

At a meeting same date a vote was passed Not to choose 
a Representative the ensuing year. A statement of the 
town accounts was laid before the town by the Selectmen 
also the town treasurer presented his accounts, copies of 
which art' on the tiles. 

Voted; that the sum of thirty pounds be raised the en- 
suing year to enable the selectmen to cause the township 
lines to be perambulated, and for other necessary town 
charges. 

Voted; That tins town be divided into Districts for the 
benefit of a school or schot 'Is. 

The West District to include all the inhabitants at West 
Kails including Consider Drew and Daniel Meserve. 

Middle District to include Henry Griffith, Daniel Hoit, 
Aaron Banscomb, George Sevey. George Stillman, dames 

Avery. B. Slingley, Joseph Libbee, Samuel Cates, Jacob 
Palmer. 

Eastern District to include the inhabitants a1 Kast River, 
including Benjamin Poster, Jr., and all the inhabitants up 
the river. 

North Distriol to include Benj. Foss and all the in- 
habitants on Middle river, as far as to include the widow 

Hannah Hill's. 



141 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

South District to include James Gooch's and all the in- 
habitants down the river on both sides. 

Voted; That there be a Committee appointed, as by an 
Act passed by the General Court — 'In titled an Act to pro- 
vide for the Instructing of the Youth etc., and William 
Chaloner, John Foster, Joseph Libbee, John Scott, Stephen 
Parker were nominated and chosen as said School Com- 
mittee. 

Voted That the rate in John Scott's tax bill against John 
Roberts be abated. Meeting then adjourned without day. 
Attest R. H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

May 5, 1790. 



On the eleventh day of June, 1790, the Selectmen called a 
meeting to determine whether the town will consent, that 
the Court of Common Pleas and the Court of the General 
Sessions of the Peace may be held in the meeting house at 
the Western Falls, till buildings are erected. To appoint a 
Committee to settle with the Representative of this town for 
his attendance at the General Court. 

To choose a Collector in lieu of Mr. Stephen Parker, who 
has declined acting in that capacity. 

The inhabitants assembled on the twenty-first day of June, 
Stephen Jones, Moderator. 

Voted That this town give their consent for the Courts 
to occupy either of the Meeting Houses in this town 'till, 
County buildings are erected. 

Voted That a Committee of three be appointed to settle 
with James Avery, Esq., this town's Representative for the 
year 1789. Stephen Jones, Geo. Stillman, Marshall Thaxter 
were chosen said Committee. 

Voted; That James Gooch be Collector the ensuing 
year in lieu of Stephen Parker who declined serving. 

Voted; That this meeting be adjourned 'till Monday. 
June 28, at ten o'clock before noon, at the meeting House, 
Eastern River. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 142 

Benjamin Harmon's mark for cattle, etc, Crop <>ff each 
ear. July 25, 17(10. 

A meeting was called at the Western Falls, July, 27. to 
choose by ballot ten suitable persons as Grand Jurymen 
for the Court of the General sessions of the Peace. 

To choose in manner the Law directs ten persons as petty 
jurors in the Court of Common Pleas, and in General 
sessions of the Peace. 

To (dioose by ballot six suitable persons as Grand Jurymen 
for the Court of Common Sessions. 

To consider the Petition of John Scott and others for 
some allowance for clearing at their own expense, the town 
road through their lands. 

To choose a suitable number of Tything men for the 
present year. To see if this town will accept of the roads as 
laid out. 

The inhabitants assembled on July 27; George Stillman, 
Esq.. was elected Moderator. By ballot they made choice 
of Benjamin Foster. George Stillman, Joseph Seavy, 
Jeremiah O'Brien, Stephen Parker, Enoch Waterhouse as 
Grand Jurymen the ensuing year. 

The f [lowing persons was drawn from the Box for Petty 
Jurors: Jose] h Getchell, Jr.. John Berry, Eleazar Hathe- 
way, Jesse Scott, John Kelly. Win. Emerson, Gideon 
O'Brien, Daniel Stone, Stephen Monson, Benjamin Berry. 
The fourth article in the warrant was dismissed. 

Voted: That three Tything- men be appointed: Wooden 
Foster, Nathaniel Phinney. Amos Boynton w. re nominated 
and elected 

Voted That the Roads as laid out by the Selectmen be 
acceptable, distances and boundaries on the tiles, as by their 
report. The meeting was dissolved. 

RALPH. H. BOW LPS. T. C. 

( >n the twenty-fourth day of September, L790, Wm. Albee, 

one of the Constables was directed to notify the voters, that 

a public meeting would lie held at the Meeting House, at 



143 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Eastern River on Monday, the fourth day of October, to 
give their votes for one Representative, for the Counties of 
York, Cumberland, Lincoln, Washington and Hancock, to 
represent said Counties in the Honorable, the Congress of 
the United States. The inhabitants assembled as before 
mentioned and gave in their votes as follows : — 

For Hon. William Lithgow, 10 

For Hon. George Thatcher, 6 

This appears as the first time that the people of Machias 
voted for a Congressman and why only sixteen votes were 
cast is not explained. At the election of Governor in April, 
1788, John Hancock for Governor received 77 votes. There 
must have been in September, 1790, over one hundred legal 
voters in the town. 

NOTIFICATION. 

The inhabitants of the town of Machias, qualified as the 
law directs, to vote for Representative to the General Court 
of this Commonwealth, are hereby notified and warned to 
assemble at the meeting house at the Western Falls, on 
Tuesday the 25th day of January inst at ten o'clock before 
noon, for the following purpose, viz : — to give in their vote 
for one representative, who shall be an inhabitant of the 
District of York, Cumberland Lincoln, Hancock and Wash- 
ington to represent the said District in the Congress of the 
United. States. 

Then to choose a Moderator and see if the town will admit 
Mr. Phineas Bruce, John Cooper, Esq., and Captain 
Ebenezer West, who now reside at Machias, to be deemed 
and taken as inhabitants of the same. 15th January, 1791. 

The inhabitants assembled as above mentioned, and gave 
their votes as follows : 

For Hon. George Thatcher, Esq., 16 votes. 

For Hon. William Lithgow, Esq., 2 

Hon. Stephen Jones was then chosen Moderator. 

Voted : That Mr. Phineas Bruce, John Cooper, Esq. , 
and Capt. Ebenezer West be deemed and taken as inhabitants 
of this town. The meeting was then dissolved. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 144 

The custom that prevailed in Machias, was prevalenl in 
Maine, probably in Massachusetts if not all New England, 
of voting to admit to citizenship, applied to all high and 

low, rich and poor; poor persons who oame from other 
States or towns, or from a Foreign country; no immegranl 

could be taken and received into the social circles of life, be- 
ing excluded therefrom as well as from civil and political 
rights. The Law or custom had its origin subsequent and 
immediately after the close of the Revolution, owing to the 
fact no doubt of the presence and active interferance and 
plots pertaining to intrigue and supposed if not positive 
treachery, to the interests of the Colonists, who had com- 
mitted their "Lives and sacred honor" to the cause of 
Liberty. The iron clad oath required by law of the Com- 
monwealth is accounted for from the same cause, as all the 
principal town officers were required to subscribe to, and 
were not in any way legally qualified to act without the oath. 
Agreeable to a venire facias from the Clerk of the Court 
of Common Pleas and General Session of the Peace, directed 
as the law requires, for the choice of Jurors, the inhabitants 
of the town of Machias assembled on the tenth day of March, 
and the following persons chosen Grand Jurors: — Benjamin 
Foster, George Stillman, Joseph Seavey. Stephen Parker. 
Jeremiah O'Brien, Enoch Waterhouse. Nathaniel Phinney, 
Amos Boynton. The following names were drawn out of 
the box for Petit Jurors: — Wallace Fenlason, Daniel Hoit, 
Stephen Smith, Joseph Smith. Joseph Averill. Josiah 
Phinney, James Gooch. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, T. C. 

The 8th of February, 1791. a meeting was duly called to 
he held on Friday, tin- eleventh day <>f March to elect usual 
town officers. On this date inhabitants assembled at West- 
ern Falls and elected Stephen Jones for Moderator. At this 
meeting the town v. .ted to have only three Selectmen, viz 
James Avery, Gideon O'Brien, Stephen Parker were chosen 
together with all other necessary officers. 

Voted: That the thanks of the town be given to ('apt. 



145 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Stephen Smith and Capt, Peter Talbot, for their faithful 
services as Selectmen to this town for a number of years 
past. 

Votes were then given in as the law directs for Register of 
Deeds, George Stillman receiving one hundred and twenty; 
also for County Treasurer, George Stillman having ninety- 
six, in each case a unanimous vote. 

The Selectmen only were required to take the regulation 
oath, of denial and renunciation, as in preceding years 
subscribed to. 

WARRANT FOR TOWN MEETING. 
To Ephraim Chase, Marshall Thaxter and John Scott, Con- 
stables for the town of Machias; Greeting: 
You are hereby notified and directed to inform and warn the 
Inhabitants of the town of Machias, qualified as the Con- 
stitution directs, to assemble and meet together, at the 
meeting house at the Eastern River, in said Machias, on 
Monday the fourth day of April next, at ten o'clock in the 
forenoon, to give their vote for Governor, and Lieut. Gov- 
ernor of this Commonwealth, and for a Senator for the 
District of Lincoln, Hancock and Washington ; also to give 
in their votes for some suitable person to represent these five 
counties in Congress. Then to choose a Moderator and vote 
for the raising of such sums of money as is necessary for 
paying the Minister's salary, supporting town schools, re- 
pairing roads and other necessary town charges. To con- 
sider the request of Capt. Stephen Smith for being exempted 
from serving as a Tything-man, and chcose some other 
person in his room. To see if the inhabitants will approve 
of the roads laid out by the Selectmen or make alterations 
in the same. Ordered by the Selectmen at Machias this 
fifteenth day of March, 1791. 

All three Constables made and signed return of their 

doings The meeting was held agreeable to the warrant, the 

Selectmen presiding Votes were recorded as follows: — 

For his excellency John Hancock for Governor, 137 

The Honorable Samuel Adams for Lieut Gov'r 137 

The Hon. Alexander Campbell for Senator, 137 



KIRS'] M.l l LEMENT. 14(J 

Votes were next given in Eor R spreaentative to C >ng 
Bon. William Lithgow, Jr Esq, had 1~> votes 

Bon. George Thatcher had 43 votes 

Stephen Jones was chosen Moderator. 

Voted : That eighty-six pounds he raised for the Rev. dames 
Lyon's salary for the ensuing year. Voted : one hundred and 
fifty pounds for repairs of the highways; the work to be six 
shillings per day for a man and four shillings per day for a 
yoke of oxen, and two days levied on each single po\&. 

Voted: That fifteen pounds he assessed for contingent 
charges. 

Voted: That Captain Stephen Smith he excused from 
being a Tything-man and Jonathan Pineo was appointed in 
his stead. 

Voted: That the roads, as laid out by the Selectmen be 

approved by the town, places, bounds, distances on the 
files. Meeting dissolved. 
April 1th. L791. 

Attest : 

RALPH H. BOWLES, T. C. 

A town meeting was held at the Western Falls, on Mon- 
day the second day of May, 1791. to make choice of a 
Representative to the General Court from this town.. Then 
to choose a Moderator and to take action on the request of 
several of the inhabitants petitioning for a sum of money 
Eoi the support of schools. Also to vote for such sums of 
money as may he needed to make good the deficiency of 
State tax No. 5 and to pay the Collector Eor collecting the 

same: Also, to raise a sum of money to make good the old 

tow o debts. 

The meeting assembled as by previous notice. Votes 
were then given in for a representative and when counted 
as the law directs, there appeared Eor Phineas Bruce 62 
votes, which was unanimous. Stephen Jones was then 
chosen Moderator. 

Voted: That a sum of money l>e raised Eor the benefit of 
Bchools, and that the money he apportioned agreeable to the 



147 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

number of the children in each district. The town then 
voted the sum of sixty pounds for the aforesaid purpose. 

The town then appointed a Committee to consist of 
Stephen Jones, Capt Peter Talbot, Jonathan Pineo, Geo. 
Stillman to join with the Selectmen in dividing the town 
into Districts, in such manner as they may think best for 
the benefit of Schools. 

Voted : That the sum of nineteen pounds, fourteen 
shillings be raised, to make good the deficiency on State tax 
No 5. 

An address was read at the opening of the meeting, 
signed — "A number of your Representatives," — It was 
reqesting this town to take into consideration the necessity 
of the Province of Maine being a separate state. The 
address is on the files. 

Voted : That a Committee be appointed to write instruc- 
tions for our representative and to answer the above 
mentioned address in such manner as they think proper, 
and that the same be read in town meeting, for the appro- 
bation of the inhabitants; accordingly Stephen Jones, 
Peter Talbot, James Avery, George Stillman, Jeremiah 
O'Brien, were appointed. 

Voted : That the selectmen be directed to enquire into the 
situation of John Watts, and give him such relief as he may 
immediately" stand in need of. The meeting was then ad- 
journed to Tuesday the 9th instant, eleven o'clock before 

noon. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 



The meeting was assembled as per adjournment, and after 
choosing a Moderator, the Report of the Committee was 
read. The report being taken into consideration and after 
debated upon, voted unanimously that the same is accepted, 
as the sense of the meetng, and a copy thereof transmitted 
from this town to our Representative to the General Court 
of this Commonwealth for his directions. 



FTRST SETTLEMENT. 14ft 

REPORT. 
The Committee appointed by the town of Maohias to 
take into consideration an anonymous printed paper, called 
nn "address to the numerous and respectable inhabitants of 
the great and respectable District of Maine." the intention 
of winch and the senfnil'entw therein advanced, appear to be 
calculated to make the citizens of this Commonwealth in 
the five Kasteru Counties dissatisfied with their present 
happy form of Government and endeavor to persuade them, 
n division of this Commonwealth into two separate States 
is necessary, beg leave to Report : — That they consider the 
measure taken in sending such papers and dispersing them 
through the several Counties of the Commonwealth, is un 
justifiable, as it declares it to be the sentiments of the 
Senators and Representatives of these Counties without 
mentioning their names; wherefore it may be considered 
that the same may have been fabricated by some contentious 
person or person-; with a design to create discord and con- 
fusion in the Commonwealth; mislead the citizens of it, 
that they may have an opportunity of taking advantage of 
such confusion, and by exciting the popular opinion in their 
favor, to get elected into posts of honor and profit, which 
they cannot obtain at present. This is the more apparent by 
thr reflections cast on the Boston seat, which has so long 
been rilled with the most shining characters and men of as 
great ability as any in the Commonwealth, from whose 
exertions and Patriotism, this and the other States are greatly 
indebted for their attention to the public good; and their 
opposition in this instance appears to arise froin a full con- 
viction that it would tend to the injury of the several parts 
of the Commonwealth. And the opinion of such respect- 
able {Senators ought in some measure have weighl in the 

present case. 

four Committee think it very improper to obtain the 
sense of the inhabitants in the way pro] osed. What right 
ha-- any individual person liy a printed paper, without his 

name appearing, to endeavor to mislead the people and by 
surprise to obtain their approbation to a measure big with 



149 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

such great and important events? This is too apparent to 
need an answer. 

Your Committee are fully of opinion that in general such 
papers ought not to be taken notice of, but in the present 
case, they consider that for this town to remain silent would 
be improper, and they ought to give their reasons why 
they disapprove of the proposed division — and as several 
reasons are set forth in said printed paper, your Committee 
think it necessary to point out the objections against each. 

Your Committee was in hopes the Portland Convention 
would never again be brought into view. Conventions of 
such a nature have always had a tendency injurious to the 
Public weal. The design of their promoters must be 
apparent — to hunt irp grievances — make the people dis- 
satisfied and wish for innovations, which in fact is striking 
at the root of Government, making everything precarious 
and destroying its intention; and when it is considered the 
small number the Portland Convention consisted of; how 
often they have adjourned for want of a sufficient number to 
form a meeting with any kind of decency, we are confident, 
they do not speak the sentiments of the people, and we were 
in hopes, that, that Convention would never again be men- 
tioned. 

The first reason offered in the said anonymous printed 
paper is, that Congress has assumed the greatest part of the 
State debt. Large sums of old paper money in the Treasury 
— Money due for lands sold and land may be sold to a con- 
siderable extent or amount. Although it must be pleasing 
to every friend to his country, to find that the embarrass- 
ment we have labored under is in a great measure removed ; 
But surely this cannot operate in favor of a separation, as 
we should enjoy all the benefits arising from these united, 
as if separate. The second argument is, "Congress having 
erected us into a separate District', — We are of opinion that 
this step was necessary for the ease of the citizens in Judicial 
proceedings; if this separated us, Congress has again united 
us by their Excise acts appointing the whole State one Dis- 
trict 



FIRST Mil I. KM I \ I . 150 

But we consider this to be entirely from the merits uf the 
case, ;iikI a separation cannol be claimed on this ground any 
more than the several Districts of the Customs claiming each 
to bi' erected into free, sovereign and independent States. 

The third argument mentioned is: that then' is an inter- 
vention of pari of the State of New Eampshire, between the 
Western part of the Commonwealth and the District of 
Maine: but it doth nut appear to your Committee thai there 
is any greater inconvenience in riding through twenty miles 
of the State of New Ham] shire, than there would be' riding 
through any pari - f tins Commonwealth the same uumber 
of miles. As we are citizens of that and every other State 
in the Union, therefore nol subjei t to any imposition, but 
what is laid by the Legislature of the Qni< n. 

And that pari of the State of New Hampshire which they 
must travel through, to attend the General Court at Boston 
is in high cultivation with good roads and Inns where per- 
sons may find refreshments, on as reasonable terms, as any 
pari of this State, hut whatever weigl t this argument of 
theirs is entitled to. in regard to seeking for a separation, 
we leave to the candid to judge. 

The fourth argument mentioned in said paper is: That 
Governmental Taxes operate very unequally between the 
citizens, "Wesl of New Hampshire and those East, it being 
much easier for the Western citizens to procure Specie to 
pay their taxes than for the Eastern." It is highly probable 

that this is really true, hut how we are to lie relii ved from 

that difficulty by a separation appears to us rather mysterious 
for we are confident that our uew Governors, Councilors. 
Secretary, Treasurer, Attorney-General, Justices of the 
Supreme Judicial Court, and other accessary officers of Gov- 
ernment will not take their pay in hoards, clapboards, 
Bhingles, laths, ti: h, cordwood or any other specified 
articles: Bui those articles must he freighted to Bo ton and 

sold for money (that being the most likely place for market) 

and then that money instead of being as now paid into 
the ] ublic Treasury, must he rescued back again, from 
thirty to one hundred and thirty leagues, to the different 



151 mSTORY" OF KfACHTAS. 

towns in the several Counties :— pttid to the different Collect- 
ors and they may then be at the trouble and expense of con- 
veying it near three hundred miles for some to tire public 
Treasury : — or if we become a separate Government, we 
must have the necessary Executive, Legislative officers, and 
in the highest departments of the State, they ought certainly 
to be men of the best education and of the greatest abilities, 
and of proved integrity — -And the public have no right to> 
expect the services of such persons or any other they choose 
without they allow them handsome compensations. 

Therefore instead of the taxes being lessened and made to' 
operate more equally by our becoming an Independent State, 
we are of opinion that they will be greatly increased, and 
the means of discharging them much more difficult than at 
present, which we consider is a very weighty argument 
against separation. 

The fifth argument made up in said paper is: "The great 
distance from the office of the Clerk of the Supreme Judicial 
Court which made it difficult obtaining copies of papers." 
There will always be some difficulty attending business of 
that kind, but we are persuaded that the inconvenience is 
not so great as is pretended, as vessels sail daily from every 
part of the District to Boston, by which such papers can be 
easily obtained, or they may be obtained in the three upper 
Counties by the post, which comes weekly to Pownal- 
borough. It is much easier for any part of the Counties of 
Washington and Hancock . to obtain papers from Boston 
than from Portland or Pownalborough, in one of which 
towns it is probable the Clerks office would be held in case 
of a separation. Upon the whole your Committee is fully 
persuaded, that the Counties of Hampshire and Berkshire 
labour under as great, if not greater inconveniences in this 
respect. 

The sixth argument is: "The great expense and in- 
conveniences, experienced by Senators and Representatives, 
who are obliged to travel through another State " But as 
the Senators are paid for their time and travel and the 
Representatives for their travel out of the Treasury of the 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. I ft'2 

Oommonwealth, therefore that is im hardsbip or burden on 
the particular County or towns which send them, and the 
compensation which is allowed them for their travel, we 
believe is adequate to the fatigue and as to travi [ling through 
a small part of another State, we conceived it sufficiently 
answered before. 

The seventh argument is: "'Thai the Dumber of souls, in 
the District of .Maine, is nearly double the number there is 
in the State of Rhode [sland, etc." The late wretched 
Policy of Rhode Island is sufficient to excite us never to 
wish ourselves in the situation they have been in. but that 
Slate. Delaware and Georgia have always been separate gov- 
ernments, therefore their coming into the Union as such 
cuilil not be avoided. Vermont was by the ill policy of 
the State of New York (when a British government) forced 
into a separate Government, a State and it became a matter 
of necessity or Policy for the United Slates finally, with the 

consent of New York to receive that State into the 
Union as such : but we do not think their being States. 
though some of them are inferior in numbers to this District, 
is evidence that it will he a benefit to the inhabitants of the 
District of .Maine to be made an Independent Sovereign 
State, four Committee have discovered that Massachusetts 
is at present from its members, one of the most respectable 
States iii the Union and its weight in the General Govern- 
ment is well known, [f a separation takes place the same 
policy may govern each whereby the present respectability 
may be lost and as the Counties. Hampshire and Berkshire 
labor under almost the same difficulties as this District, may 
with the same propriety request to he created into a separate 

State and when States begin to divide, how far the Qoveltj 
of it may he carried is uncertain, prehaps 'till each County 
is a State hy itself. And instead of being one respectable 
1 mmonwealth he so many petty corporations. 

The eighth article offered in said paper for your consider 
at ii hi is : "That the population of the District must rapidly 



153 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

increase upon our becoming independant as thousands 
would annually come and settle among us, had we the power 
to exempt their polls and estates from State, County and 
town taxes, for a given number of years," — But this is 
rather problematical for we are apprehensive, that if we were 
once invested with this power we should want the ability 
and consequently the will to exempt any part of the State 
from State taxes much less from County and town taxes and 
really think the first would be greatly increased, and it is 
a poor encouragement to old inhabitants to be informed that 
they are to support the whole of the County and town 
charges and new settlers to be exempt, and at the same time 
to receive equal benefits. No town can be supported with- 
out some charge, and at present there are many towns that 
have not above five or six families in them ; would it then 
be just to compel them to bear the whole expense when 
settled by a hundred? How are the charges in these towns 
now unsettled to be paid when settled upon the principles 
advanced ; it must be by the State or County, which we 
conceive will never be the case. 

Your Committee would further observe that the inhabit- 
ants, in the greatest part of the District, are in very in- 
digent circumstances, for it is a melancholly truth that 
there is only seven or eight ministers in the County of 
Lincoln ; only one in the County of Washington and two 
in the County of Hancock, and but very few public schools, 
which is the strongest proof of the poverty of the inhabi- 
tants ; and we are fully of opinion that unless Government 
affords some aid it will be a considerable time before there 
will be any alteration, and if separated additional taxes to 
pay, consequently the situation of these Counties must be 
much worse. 

Your Committee therefore beg leave to submit these obser- 
vations to the consideration of their fellow citizens, and they 
would be wanting in the duty they owe this town and the 
County, if they were not to declare it as their decided 



K1KSI -I II I.I- Ml N I. 



1/i 4 



opinion, that a separation -would be highly injurious; and 
recommend thai the Representative from lliis town to the 
( reneral Court be directed to oppoi e it. 

STEPHEN JONES, ] 

JAMES AVERY 

GEORGE STILLMAN, [-Committee. 

JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, 

I'KTKK TALBOT. J 

Tn open town meeting the [nstructions for the Represent- 
ative from this town were read and debated, and unanimously 
accepted by the inhabitants; voted, that a copy be trans- 
mitted to him for Ids directions when attendng the General 
Court. 

[nstructions. To Mr. 1 Mi ineas Bruce. Sir: — The town 
of Machias have now given yon the strongest proof of their 
confidence in your integrity and ability by electing you, to 
represent them in the General Court of this Commonwealth 
the coming year. It is their decided opinion, that their 
Representative never ought to be tied down by positive 
instructions, but think there is a propriety in mentioning 
their sentiments respecting such matters, as may be likely 
to come before the Legislature, finally leaving it to your 
good sense to decide as Bhall appear to yon to be proper, 
after enduring such arguments as may be offered during the 
debates on any questions before the House. 

Tn the first instance you are to support all such measures 
as are necessary for maintaining the Dignity and Sovereignty 
to everj part of the Constitution of this Commonwealth and 
that of the United States; and duly observe that neither 
infringes on the Rights of the other. As there has been 
different opinions and different decisions even in the two 
Branches of the Legislature respecting the eligibility of 
persons of this Commonwealth, holding appointments under 
the United States, to a seat in the Legislature: We are 

therefore of opinion, if it can he done without violating our 

Constitution, that an art of the wh Le Legislature pointing 

out what or whether allotlicers under the United States shall 

disqualify a citizen for holding a seat in our Legislature, 



155 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

would have a very good effect, and prevent any dispute 
arising between the people and either branch of the Legis- 
lature, and should a Law be brought forward for that pur- 
pose it would be pleasing to your constituents if it meets 
with your support. 

An anonymous paper having been laid before the town, 
at their meeting for the choice of Representative, purport- 
ing to be the opinion of the Gentlemen who were sent as 
Senators and Representatives to the General Court, the last 
year from the District of Maine, in which they say that the 
opinion of the inhabitants of this and other towns and 
plantations in this District ought to be taken respecting the 
propriety of making application to the Legislature of this 
Commonwealth and to that of the United States for erecting 
said District into a Free, Sovereign and Independent State. 

The sense of your Constituents respecting the propriety 
of an application of that nature, will be fully conveyed 
to you. in the report of their Committee, raised for the pur- 
pose of taking into consideration the aforesaid paper, which 
Report was unanimously accepted by the town, and a copy 
of the same ordered to be communicated to you and will 
accompany this. We therefore trust that you will oppose 
any measures that shall be brought forward in the General 
Court, with a view of separating us from the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts. The Gentlemen on the Boston 
seat we highly respect, for their abilities, integrity and 
great information: — you will therefore act agreeable to the 
sentiments of your Constituents in consulting them on all 
important matters. 

It would be a happy circumstance for the Inhabitants of 
this Commonwealth, who live on the Eastern border of 
this State, if the Line between the Commonwealth and the 
British Government of New Brunswick, could be finally 
ascertained and established, so that no doubt might arise in 
future to whom they owe allegiance, and to whom they have a 
right to look for protection, and the Civil officers know how 
far their jurisdiction extends. This is a matter of im- 
portance : — you will therefore particularly attend to it. 



FIRST Sl'.ri I.K.MKN'I . 



156 



You arc well informed as to the smallness of our County, as 
to Dumber of inhabitants and of the very great expense thai 
has and will arise in building a jail, paying jurymen, ex- 
ploring and laying out a county r. ad, through one hundred 
mill's of wilderness ami many other incidental charges, that 
naturally arise, and a number of the Inhabitants unable to 
afford the least pecuniary assistance towards defraying the 
charges of the County, and in fact our County much reduc- 
ed below what was expected, by a number of towns, now in 
the Eastern pari of the County of Hancock, which previous 
to the division of the County of Lincoln, M was always ex- 
pected would he incorporated into this County ami for what 
reason they were annexed to that Counts, we are yet to 
learn as we cannot timl it was by any request of the inhab- 
itants of those towns. 

This County really stands in need of soint' assistance from 
the Legislature, and in Petitions from the Justices and the 
Grand Jury of the County which will he presented praying 
that the duties on Commissions, Licenses and the Excise 
due from the County may be appropriated for the use of 
the County; which petition you will not fail of.giving your 
utmost support. There is also some hack taxes that are due 
from the inhabitants of this County to the Commonwealth, 
which we really think would in the end he for the real 
benefit of the State if they were appropriated for the use of 
the County, as it would serve to increase our numbers by 
encouraging others to move into the county and finally add 
to the strength and wealth of the Commonwealth ; hut to be 

exempted from town ami County taxes is what we never 
expect. 

There is now before the Committee of Accounts two hills 

exhibited by this town againsl the Commonwealth for sup- 
port of the State's poor, and they will recei \ e am >t her of same 

tenor; you will use your influence to have them allowed. 

For what reason the two former have not been passed upon 
W6 are not able to say. Thi' like aCCOUntfl are e\ery Session 
passed in favor of the towns, and you can represent the true 

state of this town being the frontier of the Commonwealth 



157 HTSTORY OF MACHIAS. 

is more liable to have poor foreigners imposed upon us than 
any other except Boston. If any other voucher or in- 
formation is necessary on this subject, you will apply to 
John Cooper, Esq., who is well acquainted with our situation 
and can give any necessary information, and we have no 
doubt of his friendly aid upon the business. 

If General Campbell goes Senator from this District we 
doubt not of his assistance in accomplishing the several 
matters mentioned. 

With great esteem we are your friends. 

STEPHEN JONES, 
JAMES AVERY, 
GEORGE STILLMAN, 
JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, 
PETER TALBOT. 
May 10, 1791. 

The meeting was then adjourned without day. 

On the 8th day of September, 1791, the names of the 
following persons were drawn out of the box to serve as 
petit Jurors : Joseph Hill, Enoch Sanborne, George Seavy, 
Aaron Hanscom, Jr., Tilley Howe, Ebenezer Gooch. 

A town meeting was held at the meeting house, at Eastern 
Falls, on Monday the second day of April 1792; the object 
being to vote for Governor and other State officers. Also to 
choose a Moderator and transact the regular town business. 
The third article in the Warrant was to see if the Com- 
mittee report what shall lie done to settle town accounts 
before it was incorporated ; and to raise such sum of money 
as may be owing by the town on such accounts. The fourth 
article was "To make choice of some suitable persons to 
take care of the Meeting Houses and burying yards." 

At this meeting the vote stood for : 

John Hancock for Governor, 104 

Samuel Adams for Lieut. Gov'r., 104 

Alexander Campbell, for Senator, 105 

The Selectmen chosen were Stephen Jones, Dr. Wm. 
Chaloner, Benjamin Foster. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT, 



158 



Voted: by the town that seven and one half per cent be 
given to the Collectors, Silvanus Seavy, Joseph Getohell, 
Jr. who offered their servicesand were chosen Eor the presenl 

year. 

At this meeting three pounds were voted as compensation 
for the Town Clerk the current year. 

Voted: "Not to accept the bad and doubtful debts as 
rendered by David Gardner to the Committee in payment 
of his debl to the town amounting to 6102, L3s 8p 

Voted:— "To raise 102 pounds to be levied upon the 
poles and estates and collected for the payment of the delils 
which were contracted during the late war (Revolution) and 
is now due to individuals." 

Voted: That ('apt. Peter Talbot be appointed to take 
care of the meeting house at Eastern River, and dames 
Dillaway was chosen to take care of the meeting house and 
burying yard at the Western Falls. 

Votes were given in for County Treasurer, and for George 
Stillman, Esq., there were eighty votes. 

The meeting adjourned without day. 

On the second day of April, 1 7 '. » 2 . the inhabitants 
assembled at Eastern River and ohose the following Eor 
Grand Jurors: Benj. Foster. Esq., Nathan Longfellow, 
Jr., Jeremiah O'Brien, Enoch Waterhouse, Joseph Seavy, 
Nathaniel Phinney, Stephen Parker, Amos Boynton. 
The following names were drawn for petit Jurors: Daniel 
Meserve, John Sanborne, Samuel Holmes. John W. Foster. 
Benjamin ( rooch, Abijah Poster. 

The same year on the seventh day of May a town meeting 
was held at Western Falls. The first article in the warrant 
was "To know the minds of the t< wn whether they will 

limit the time for the different school districts, to improve 
their school money, and to. agree how the money shall lie 

appropriated in case it is not applied to the purpose of the 
grant within the limited time. 
Second Article : "To know if the town will request the 

Selectmen, to call on persons thai may have any papers in 

their possession, that relate to any transactions between the 



159 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

town and individuals, more especially to receive any papers, 
that may be in Mr. Stephen Parker's possession and that 
relate to the agreement between the town and the Rev. James 
Lyon, and that the same papers be deposited with the Town 
Clerk. 

Third: To choose a Committee to report such By-Laws, 
as may appear necessary for the town. 

Fourth : To take the votes of the inhabitants of this town 
for and against the District of Maine, respecting its being 
erected a separate State. 

The Selectmen presided. The votes were taken for 
Representative and- there was for Phineas Bruce, Esq., forty 
and he was accordingly chosen. 

Voted : That the money now on hand belonging to the 
different districts, and that which is to be apportioned 
this year, shall be applied for the benefit of schooling the 
children in said districts, and if not expended for the 
purpose aforesaid in two years, the money from the delin- 
quent districts, shall be applied for the advantage of those 
districts who have schooled their children. 

Voted : That the Selectmen be requested to call on 
any person or persons, that may have any papers in their 
possession that relate to any transactions between the town 
and individuals and to receive the papers that may be in 
Mr. Stephen Parker's hands mentioned in the Warrant. 

Stephen Jones', George Stillman, Jeremiah O'Brien, 
Marshall Thaxter, James Avery, Gideon O'Brien, Phineas 
Bruce were chosen a Committee to prepare such By-Laws 
as they may judge necessary. 

Voted : Against a separation of the State 113 ; For a 
Separation 2, James Avery was chosen to serve as a Grand 
Juror at the S. J. Court to be hclden for the Counties of 
Lincoln, Hancock and Washington. 

Whereas application has been made to the town of 
Machias, by seven of the inhabitants, free holders in said 
town requesting that a meeting may be called, for the pur- 
pose of appointing a Committee, to dispose of the town 
privelege of the fishery or regulate the same according to 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 16^ 

law: — Ordered, thai the Constables of the town of Maehias, 
notify the Inhabitants of said town, qualified t>y law to vote 
in town meeting, to assemble at the meeting house, at 
Eastern River on Tuesday the fifteenth day of May inst, 
at ten o'clock before aoon, to choose a Moderator, then to 
act on the above request. 

Assembled as per notification; Mr. Jones was elected 
Moderator. Voted: That the article in the warrant re- 
specting appointing a Committee to dispose of the town 
privilege of the fishery be dismissed. The vote was after- 
wards reconsidered. 

Voted: That this meeting be adjourned for one month 
X. B. "The inhabitants did not attend as by adjourn- 
ment." 

VOTING FOR PRESIDENT. 

The inhabitants were legally called together at Western 
Falls on the second day of November, 1792, to give in their 
votes for three electors for the choice of President and Vice- 
President of the United States, for the five counties in the 
Province of Maine : 

Alexander ( Sampbell, 65 

Nathan Jones, 56 

Phineas Bruce, 64 

Nathaniel Wells, 6 

Nathaniel Thwing, 4 

Votes were also given in for three Representatives to 
Congress. 
For the County of York Geo. Thaoher had 134 

For the County of Cumberland Daniel Davis had 98 

Peleg Wadsworth 37 
V or the Counties of Lincoln. Hancock and Washington: 
Win. Lithgow had 134 

Henry Dearborns 1 

Monday the fourteenth day of January. 1793, a town meet- 
ing convened at Western Kails, to 70te EOT tWO Represent- 





9 






28 






34 






3 




the 


voters i 


made 


Mr. 


Bowles 


was 



161 HISTORY OF MACH1AS. 

atives in Congress ; one for the County of Cumberland and 
one for counties of Lincoln, Hancock and Washington : 

Peleg Wadsworth had 

Daniel Davis, 

Wm. Lithgow, 

Henry Dearborn, 
In the town meeting held April first 
choice of George Stillman, Moderator. 
re-elected Town Clerk. 

Voted: Cyrus Swan an inhabitant of the town. Only a 
few new names appeared in the list of officials chosen. Ten 
men were chosen: Hog reeves, Ezekiel Richardson, Jirah 
Phinney, Joseph Foss, Theodore Scott, Jacob Penniman, 
Nath'l Phinney, jr., appearing in the list. Voted: — One 
hundred pounds for the support of Schools. Voted : — Two 
hundred pounds for Highways. Voted : — One hundred 
pounds for contingent charges. On the same day votes 
were taken for State officers : for Governor : — 
John Hancock had 82; Elbridge Gerry 1 ; For Lieut. 
Governor, Samuel Adams 82; Benjamin Lincoln, one; for 
Senator, Alexander Campbell, 73 ; Waterman Thomas, 9. 

There seemed to be a vacancy in the seat for the member 
of Congress from the County of Cumberland and the In- 
habitants of Machias, in a separate warrant had been notified 
to meet at same time and place to vote for a successor; 
votes were given in for one Federal Representative for the 
County of Cumberland, as specified in the warrant, Daniel 
Davis receiving 30 and Peleg Wadsworth 49. 
Machias first of April 1793. 

Attest, RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

A town meeting was called by the Selectmen to assemble 
at the Meeting House at Eastern River on Tuesday the 14th 
day of April, at ten o'clock before noon to elect a 
Representative to the General Court ; also for the transaction 
of town business. 

Phineas Bruce was unanimously elected. 

George Seayy had the greatest number of votes cast for 



KIRST SETTLEMENT. 



162 



one (ii'and Juryman and was accordingly chosen. Stephen 
Jones was chosen Highway Surveyor in place of Win. Ellis 
Smith, who had declined to serve. 

Voted : That the Subscribers who have agree I to build a 
house of Public Worship at the Western Falls. !>;' per- 
mitted tu set the same on the land belonging to the town 
purchased of George Libbee, to be solely appropriated for 
a house of public worship, for the inhabitants of this town, 
that wish to attend public worship in thai part of the town. 
and that the Subscribers have liberty to appoint a Com- 
mittee to dispose of the ground for erecting pews in said 
house to re-imburse their expense. 

Petit Jurors were chosen to serve in the Court of Common 
PI ■.■as. viz: — Ja"oh L mgfellow, dames Crocker, Israel 
Andrews, Levi Poster, Aaron Hanseom. Daniel Meserve. 

The town record reads as follows: "Taken up Nov'r. 
fifth 17'.):; by Joseph Getchell, Jr. a stray black heifer, 
coming in, two years of age, a little white under her side 
forward of her flank; has not any artificial marks about her." 

Daniel Palmer'smark for his creatures a half penny out of 
the right ear. 

The warrant calling the annual meetng at Eastern River 

on Monday the seventh day of April 1794, besides articles 
of usual purposes, contained one viz: To know what the 
town will allow I'hineas Bruce, Esq., for his services as 
Representative for the town to the (ieneral Court. This 

meeting chose Stephen Jones, Benjamin Foster. James 
Avery, Selectmen; William Emmerson, John Cooper, Mark 

Scott. Assessors; Nathan Longfellow, jr.. and Stephen 

Munson. Collectors of taxes ;. Voted: That Munson have 
the sauif for last year's collection in proportion as Long- 
fellow had. 

William Chaloner, Be ry White and Samuel Rich, Fish 
Committee. George Stillman, Henry White. Peter Talbot, 

Win. Emmerson, Nathan Pineo, School Committee. 

Other officers were nearly t he same as chosen at last meet- 
ing; also appropriations of moneys. 



163 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

Voted : That the Selectmen and School Committee be 
and hereby are required to take a list of children in the 
town, and report a system for a division of the town into 
Districts, and the best system, for the support of schools 
and layng out the sums of money in the future' — report to 
be made at the adjournment of this town meeting. 

Voted: For ammuntion and town charges thirty pounds, 
four shillings. Votes for County Treasurer being taken, 
there was for George Stillman, Esq., twenty-six votes, all 
that were cast. Voted: To adjourn to the first Wednesday 
in May next, at ten o'clock before noon, and then to be 
held at the Western Falls. 

On the seventh of April, 1794, the Selectmen presiding 
votes were given in for Governor as follows, viz : Samuel 
Adams, seventeen; William Cushing forty-eight; Elbridge 
Gerry sixteen. For Lieut. Gov'r. His Honor Samuel 
Adams, sixty-five; James Sullivan, seventeen. For Senator 
Alexander Campbell, sixty-nine; Waterman Thomas, forty- 
eight; Isaac Parker, twenty-two; Daniel Coney, one. 

The Inhabitants held a meeting on the seventh day of 
April and made choice of the following to serve as Grand 
Jurors; Benjamin Foster, Woodin Foster, Nathaniel 
Phinney, Amos Boynton, Enoch Waterhouse, Jonathan 
Pineo, Solomon Meservey Daniel Merservey. 

The same day Stephen Jones, Moderator, the article in- 
the last warrant respecting Phineas Bruce, Esq., our 
Representative, who being present generously presented his 
services gratis, for attending the General Court in their 
sessions the last year. 

Nathan Longfellow, jr. declined serving as Collector and 
Jacob Longfellow was chosen in his stead. 

Voted: That the Report made by the Selectmen and 
School Committee be accepted and placed on the files. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

April twenty-third, 1794, the Selectmen issued their 
warrant for a town meeting to be held at Western Falls, on 
May seventh, to choose some suitable person to represent this 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. M54 

town in the General Couri of this Commonwealth. At this 
meeting "The majority of electors voted to Bend a Represent- 
ative." 

Votes being taken, 'sorted and counted by the Selectmen, 
and Phineas Bruce was unanimously chosen. 

To the Selectmen of the town of Machias. The in- 
habitants of this town and Legal voters in said town, request 
that a meeting of the inhabitants, may be called as soon as 
may lie by law, to aet on the following business; To con- 
sider whether it is the wish of this town for the Represent- 
ative chosen should attend at the next sessions at the expense 
of the town : Also, To consider some other method better 
calculated for the preservation of fish. 

Machias. May. 8, 1794. 

STEPHEN HALL, BENJAMIN FOSTER, Jr., 

STEPHEN MUNSON, DAVID GARDNER, 

SILVANUS SEAVY, LEVI FOSTER, 

EBENEZER SMITH. JOHN SEAVY, 

AARON HANSCOM, JOHN D. FOLSOM 

JESSE SCOTT, JACOB PENNIMAX. 

JOHN FOSTER, BENJAMIN GOOCH, 
MOSES ELSMORE. 



The Selectmen called the meeting to be held at the meet- 
ing House at hast River in said Machias, on Saturday the 
seventh day of May Lnst. at ten o'clock in the forenoon, for 
the purpose of choosing a Moderator, and acting upon the 
foregoing request, also determined how the tax abated should 
be appropriated, The inhabitants assembled as per call. 

Stephen Jones was elected Moderator. 

Voted:— That it is the opinion of this town that no person 
shall be permitted to dip tish on the Eastern side of East 
River, from the mill to the lower end of the board since. 
during the time the tish way is open lor the tish going up. 

V .t • 1 : Thai the Collectors of tax No 5, abated by the 

General Court, settle with the selectmen and pay their 
collections into the town Treasurer, ami the Selectmen to 



165 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

make such abatements, as they shall think necessary, that 
are in the Collector's books. This meeting adjourned with- 
out day. 

These are to notify and warn the freeholders and other 
inhabitants of the town of Machias qualified to vote in the 
choice of Representatives, to assemble at the meeting house 
at the Western Falls, Tuesday the 27th day of this instant 
May, at ten o'clock before noon, to choose by ballot one 
man of like qualification and of good moral character, to 
serve on the the Grand Jury at the next Supreme Judicial 
Court next to be holden at Hallowell, within and for the 
County of Lincoln and the Counties of Hancock 
and Washington, on the second Tuesday after the fourth 
Tuesday of June, agreeable to a warrant from the Clerk of 
said Court to me directed ; and also at the time and place 
aforesaid to be present at the appointment of one person to 
serve as a petit juror, at the Court aforesaid, to attend at the 
time and place as above mentioned. 

Machias, 19th May, 1794. 

JOHN KELLY, Constable. 

The inhabitants met agreeable to the foregoing warrant 
and the votes being given in, Cyrus Swan was chosen and 
accepted. 

George Halliburton Avery's mark for cattle, sheep and 
swine "A crop off the right ear a hole in the same and half 
penny cut on the upper side of the left ear. " 

The Inhabitants were warned to appear at the Meeting 
House at Western Falls on the first Monday of November., 
1794, being the third day of said month, at ten o'clock 
before noon, to give in their votes to the Selectmen of said 
town of Machias, for one Representative to the Congress of 
the United States for the Counties of Lincoln, Hancock and 
Washington; also to appoint some suitable person or per- 
sons to take an accurate plan of the township of Machias 
as by law is directed. 

At a meeting of the inhabitants qualified as the law 
directs, at the Meeting House at the Western Falls, on Mon- 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 160 

day the third day of November, 17'M. at ten o'olook before 
qooii the electors chose William Chaloner, Towd Clerk pro- 
tein and adjourned to the olii >e of Phineas Bruce, Esq.: 
presenl Stephen Jones, James Avery, Selectmen. 

Votes were taken for a Representative to the Congress ef 
the United States as follows: Jonathan Bowman had 
17 : Alexander Campbell, 5; Henry Dearborn, 2. 

The meeting voted that the Selectmen be Committee to 
take an accurate plan of the township of Marinas, agreeable 
to an Art passed the 18th of June, 17 ( .)4. 

Attest : 

WILLIAM CHALONER. Town Clerk, pro tem. 

To the Gentlemen, the Select in m of the town of Marinas: 

"It having pleased the Divine Disposer of all things 
to deprive us of our late Pastor: we the subsrribers, 
inhabitants, of the town of Machias, request that a meeting 
of the inhabitants may be called for the purpose of entering 
into some measure for supplying the town with an able 
Minister of the Gospel." 
Machias, fifth of Nov., 1794. 

George Stillman, Nathan Longfellow, Jr., 

William Chaloner, James Crocker. 

Aaron Hanscom, John Edmonds. 

The above application having been made to us, the sub- 
scribers, Selectmen of the town of Machias do, in com- 
pliance of said request, hereby notify and warn all of the 
inhabitants of Marhias qualified to vote in town meeting to 
assemble at the Meeting House of Easl River in Machias on 
Tuesday the twenty-tifth day of November inst, at ten 
o'clock before noon, first to choose a Moderator to said 
meeting. 

Second. To take into consideration the above request and 

act thereon as shall be thought advisable. 

Machias. tenth of November, 17'M. 

STEPHEN JONES, ~) 

JAMES AVERY, Selectmen of Machias. 

BENJAMIN POSTER, J 



167 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

Agreeable to the above Warrant the inhabitants met and 
made choice of Stephen Jones, Moderator. Motioned 
and seconded that the town now enter into some measures 
for the support of the Gospel. 

Voted: That the town now enter upon the business. 

Voted : That there be a Committee appointed for the 
purpose of procuring a Minister or Ministers for this town. 
Voted : That said Committee consist of thirteen persons. 

Voted : That Enoch Sanborne, Stephen Jones, Ben- 
jamin Foster, George Stillman, Deacon Joseph Libby, John 
Crocker; Wm. Emerson, Col. Jere O'Brien, Peter Talbot, 
John Foster, James Avery, John Cooper, Jonathan Pineo, 
be and are a Committee for the above purpose. 

From the original record — signed, Geo. Stillman, Clerk 
pro tern. Attest as on file. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, T. C. 

The inhabitants of the town of Machias being convened 
in town meeting by a Warrant issued for the purpose 
of knowing their minds, whether they would give Mr. 
Clark Brown a call to settle with them in this town, as a 
Minister of the Gospel, and what settlement and salary, 
they would give him — After choosing Stephen Jones, 
Moderator, it was voted unanimously to give Mr. Clark 
Brown a call to settle as a Minister of the Gospel in this 
town; also a number of inhabitants w T ho could not attend 
sent a certificate subscribed by them certifying their desire 
for Mr. Brown settling with us. A vote was then passed for 
giving Mr. Brown one hundred pounds salary, to be paid 
annually if he accepted the call. 

Another vote passed almost unanimously for giving him 
one hundred pounds as a settlement to be paid at two annual 
payments. 

A Committee consisting of the five following persons were 
chosen to communicate said votes to Mr. Clark Brown and 
request his answer; — George Stillman, Phineas Bruce, 
Stephen Jones, Deacon Joseph Libbee, Capt. Stephen 
Smith. 



I II: - I M II I I Ml \ I . 



lf,S 



Samuel Poster was voted as Surveyor of Lumber for the 
ensuing \ ear. 

The annual town meeting was held al Eastern Falls, 
Monday, the sixth day of April, L795. The firsl article in 
the Warrant railed for the choice of the usual town officers. 
The second article provides for the election of a Collector to 
co led the arrears on the tax book of Silvanus Seavey deceased. 
Third. To appoint a Committee to settle with the 
Ex scutive of the estate of the late Rev. Jam ss Lyon. Vol « 
were to be taken by the Selectmen same place and date for 
State officers. 

At this meeting Stephen Jones was chosen Moderator, 
Ralph H. Bowles, Town Clerk, Capt. Henry White, John 
Cooper, Peter Talbot, Selectmen. No new names appear in 

the list of officers except Josiah Hitch ings was made one of 
the field drivers. Stephen Jones, Gideon O'Brien, 
William Emerson, George Stillman, -I »nathan Pineo, Jesse 
Scott were chosen Sohool Committee. Elias West. Samuel 
Smith. Joseph Stewart, Jonathan Pineo. Jr., Isaac Hans- 
coin. Benjamin Foss, Jr., Nathaniel Balil), Nathaniel 
Phinney, jr.. were chosen Hog Reeves. 

Voted: That John Cooper. Gideon O'Brien, Wm. 
Emerson be a Committee to examine the town accounts. 

Voted: That seven and a half per cent be given the 
Collectors for collecting the taxes the ensuing year. 

Voted: Tlu-t the hogs shall not go at large. 

The inhabitants voted for County Treasurer. After 
being counted there was for George Stillman. eighty-six. 

The town agreed thai Stephen Munson be Collector in 

lieu of Wallace FenlaSOn, and that said W. F. he excused 

from serving his term 'till it is required of him by the former 

directions of this town and agreeable to Law. 
Votes were then given in for Governor: 
Samuel Ada Forty-seven 

Edward H. Robinson, Forty-nin« 

For Lieut. ( i< ivernor : 

M. ises Gill, F< u'ty -seven 

Thomas Russell. Forty-eiehl 



\J 



169 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

For Senators : 

Alexander Campbell, Ninety-sir 

Waterman Thomas, Ninety-six 

Voted : That eighty pounds be raised for schools. 

Voted: That one hundred and twenty pounds be levied 
for roads. It was put to vote whether the sum of thirty- 
four pounds, twelve shillings be paid to Morris O'Brien, 
for the support of a poor child, he has taken care of for 
five years — the vote was put and negatived 

Voted : That the sum of one hundred and fifteen pounds, 
ten shillings be raised as town charges for arrears. 

Voted That the Town Clerk and the Town Treasurer be 
allowed six pounds each for their services the ensuing year. 

Voted ; John Cooper, George Stillman, Marshall Thaxter 
be a Committee to settle with the Administratrix of the 
estate of the Rev. James Lyon, deceased. 

The following names were drawn from the box to serve as 
Grand Jurors — Consider Drew, Benjamin Foster, Marshall 
Thaxter, Josiah Harris, Samuel Holmes, Amos Boynton, 
John Fairbanks, Enoch Sanborne. 

Voted; That the thanks of the town be given to Hon. 
Stephen Jones, Benjamin Foster, Esq., James Avery, Esq., 
for their services and punctual attention to the business of 
the town, the last year. 



FINALE OF THE MARGARETTA. 

When the Patriots had won the victory, on the memorable 
12th day of June, 1775, and brought their Prize to anchor 
in the Harbor of Machias, at about sunset of that day, a 
consultation was held; Jeremiah O'Brien, who had been 
elected Captain early in the morning before the battle com- 
menced, in the early evening hours, was yet the admirable 
Leader, assisted by John O'Brien, and the other four 
younger O'Brien Brothers, Joseph Getchell, Samuel Watts, 
Josiah Weston, John Drisko, the latter Captain of the 
Company who had come to the aid of Machias from 
"Chandler's River," now Jonesboro, and "Pleasant River," 



FIRST SETTLEMENT!. 170 

t j < > w Addison, snd others; this "Council «>f Expediency" 
ananimously agreed to floal the Margareita to the head of 
the tide on ''Middle River." The resolve was executed in 
detail : a crew of twenty five chosen men, equipped with 
axes, ropes and other things, went on board of the Mar- 
garetta at about dark and Joseph Gfetchell always declared 
"Our crew pul in a hard night's work;" before the next 
morning sun was an hour high the job was completed. 

The vessel was taken into a basin or kind of "natural 
dock," on the hour of the full tide, about fifty rods above 
the preset t bridge on the West side of Middle River; in 
Marshfield; was drawn tip by use of ropes,chains and "pike- 
poles" as "high on the "Flats" as "we could get her" said 
one of flu 1 help and "We cut down trees and bushes and en- 
closed her from view so much as we could and returned to 
Marinas in season for a late breakfast." 

The reason for choosing so remote and secluded spot for 
the Margaretta, was fear that the British Admiral known to 
have a small fleet of ships at Port Royal, since called 
Annapolis, N. S. only one days sail from Machias River, 
and among them two or three ships with regular Naval officers 
in command, and suitable armament for destructive warfare, 
might dispatch a foroe to Machias to re-capture the Mar- 
garetta. If Admiral Graves, who was in command of the 
fleet at Boston, as, also Port Royal, N. S. had forthwith 
attempted to inflict punishment on the people of Machias, 
as a retaliatory measure, his success could scarcely bedoubt- 
ted. Fortunately he did not. 

Jose] b Q-etohell, senior, who was well in the van of the 
battle. June L2th, then nearly forty years of age, who lived 
to be eighty years old; his son Joseph, Jr., a lad of eight 
years when the vessel was beached and "hid in the woods," 
the junior Getohell also lived to lie seventy-five years of 
»ge; these men lived lone; after 1800 and were living wit- 
nesses and their testimony was and is to-day unquestioned, 
as to the disposition of the first Naval Prize of the 

Revolutionary War! 
The Declaration of Independence duly 1th, 177<». succeed- 



171 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

ed by Proclamation of War, nearly thirteen months after the 
battle at Machias, did not reach Machias so as to become 
well understood, until nearly the "middle of August. 

The Irish blood in John O'Brien's body was not 
sluggish, nor did his pulse run low! He procured help, 
uncovered the beached Margaretta. floated her to anchor in 
near proximity to the settlement at Machias, procured new 
sails, a few small "five pounders" or field pieces and "such 
other utensils of war" as were then available, placed on 
board such "ship stores" as were deemed indispensible, 
selected a crew of twenty men, the best "raw material" he 
could impress for the service he had in view ; leaving 
Machias in the early Fall season cf '76; he assumed the 
work of a Privateer ! It is not recorded that O'Brien was 
then equipped with Letters of Marque, indeed if he me.de 
formal application to Congress for such, there is no evidence 
that he waited for the parchment, for then a long time was 
required to reach Philadelphia by mail and wait for the 
returning response. The writer of this is not informed as 
to any success the newly equipped American ship obtained 
-previous to April, 1777. (The name was changed from Mar- 
garetta to Machias Cruiser.) Before September, 1777, there is 
evidence, see store accounts, on sheets of paper, as well as in 
book, of goods taken out of "the prize" vessel or vessels, 
at Machias. This "Prize, or the prizes, could not have been 
captured by any other person or Commander than John 
O'Brien. 

In September or early in October, Capt. O'Brien sailed 
from Machias, via. "Moosepeckky Reach;" town of Jonesport 
since 1832 ; sailing westerly until near and off Mt. Desert. 
Here he espied a vessel in the offing, which he thought was a 
merchant vessel from the West Indies for Port Royal or St. 
John. (New Brunswick was not incorporated 'till 1784, the 
Province being one, Nova Scotia. ) The supposed merchant- 
man proved to be a " man of war." O'Brien had bourne 
down upon her until he was within long range shot, deter- 
mined to "Give her battle, " before he discovered that he 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 172 

was in the presence of a well manned, warship of the British 
Navy! He could do no less than crowd on sail and make 
his escape if possible The wind proved favorable; Sawyer's 
Cove at Jonesport was forty miles distant in an easterly 
direction. By this time the man of War was in full chase, 
with an occasional shot at O'Brien, doing no harm. "The 
race was six and six" f r three to five hours the war ship if 
anything was making a gain on the O'Brie: craft. Capt. 
O'Brien had thoughts of gaining harbor and shelter in 
Machias Bay, but when near-to Sawyer's Cove he thought 
prudence the batter part of valor, and he ran into the Cove, 
up to the head on to the Hats: he and his crew, not stop- 
ping to take any of their belongings, went overboard and 
disappeared in one of the half dozen houses, of as many 
families as then lived on tin- adjacent shores. The Br. 
Commander not daring to follow O'Brien up the Cove, 
thinking, probably, of shoal water and rocks, came to an 
anchor just at the entrance, lowered a boat with half a dozen 
men on board, proceeded to inspect the American vessel 
out on the flats, and felt satisfied with doing no less than 
firing the crafi which "was burned to the water's edge." 
S i late as 1845 timbers of that wreck were readily rec- 
ognised, sticking above the flats when the tide was off, and 
the writer of this for fifty years or longer has had no doubt 
that those timbers were the "bones" and that spot the final 
resting place of the Margaretta! 

In corroboration of this fact, the late Oliver Sawyer of 
Jonesport, born in 1806, died at an old age often repeated 
that — "ray mother, who in 177^ was eight to ten years old, 
her birth place being in Bight of the spot where the O'Brien 
vessel was beached, said she witnessed the entire affair as 
related in the foregoing as to the race up the Cove, the 
burning of the vessel and that Captain O'Brien and some of 
his men came to her father's house evening of the same or 
the next day morning; that the burning vessel made "such 
ablaze I never forgot it. " Captain O'Brien was not the 
man t<> boast of his victories either before the Sawyer Cove 

incident or afterwards as his history invariably shows; 



173 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

it is not to be presumed, that be would have many words 
to spare explaining his one and only defeat in his several 
years service during the Revolution. 

The late Capt. Geo. Burnham. a native of Machias, who 
was past ten years of age in 1800. was well acquainted with 
Jeremiah O'Brien, Joseph Getchell, Jr., and others, who 
participated in the engagement of June 12th, 1775; he had 
listened to the "old story." often repeated; also the tale of 
secreting the Margaretta near the forests of Middle River; 
with the effort of John O'Brien, to do some service for his 
Country by utilizing the before named ship, in turning its 
guns upon the enemy of his Liberty loving associates, in- 
cluding the reverse of Mose-a-peck-ky Reach. 

HIGH MARSH, &c. 

Previous to 1773, and no doubt considerably later, much 
contention arose between Settlers over titles, claims and 
ownership of the High Marsh Lots as well on the Main river 
as on Middle River; the great fields of salt hay, or hay 
grown on Nature's salted lands. Possession or Squatters' 
rights seemed to be construed into fee simple and was often 
enforced by muscle under control of strong mental power; 
sometimes fist and pitchfork would secure to their possessor 
what Justice Mellen could not confirm nor could Judges Crane, 
Campbell and Jones, before Judge Mellen came to this 
County to hold Courts, who suggested milder methods and 
Statutory provision of Settlement. By mutual agreement 
among Claimants it was decided in 1773, just ten years after 
the Sixteen Associates came to Mat-hias, or more likely in 
1772, that the"Marsh Lands" should be run out and divided 
into small lots of three to seven acres, a few being described 
as containing more than seven acres, five acres appearing to 
be the average size of lots. 

It should be kept in mind that Marshes and their hay 
products, even more than the wild game and vast forests of 
timber, were magnetic factors in fc the early settlement of 
Washington or as at first called Lincoln County. 



F1KST SETTLEMENT 174 

The club and fist-cull' close engagements and personal en- 
counters were early known on "Pleasant River" and some- 
times evidence of collision existed between the athletic 
Nash and the giant Bucknam families. 

No Monument marks the spot where the "Hay ground 
conflicts" took place; yet they have no inconsiderable 
recognition in stories of early local events! These items of 
history are recorded to show the relation and contribution 
of "Marsh hay" to the numbu' and value of farm stock as 
held by our ancestors. 

A Document on hie in the Selectmen's office in Machias, 
disoloses the following Agreement made by the Sixteen 
Associates ami others :— "The Courses and Boundaries of 
the "High Marsh" lots, in the town of Machias, carefully 
and impartially laid out by Daniel Merritt. Surveyor, with 
the assistance of Mr. Samuel Scott, Mr. Benj. Foster and 
Mr.. Japhet Hill, Committee and chosen for said Business, 
in June and July, 1773." 

There were eighty-five lots each and all separately de- 
scribed, limits defined and recorded. Allowing five acres to 
each lot there would be an aggregate of four hundred and 
twenty-five acres. 

'This Chart so minute in descriptive detail of the High 
Marsh Lands of Machias, more especially Middle River, has 
bum handled and examined so much, in the one hundred 
and twenty-seven years of its existance, for making deeds and 
searching for titles that it is fast becoming tattered and 
torn, a relict that ought to be saved.' 

JOHN ROBERT'S PETITION. 

In the early days, the way of approaching town authorities 
for aid, in cases of misfortune, are singularly direct! The 
following is illustration. 

Machias. March lf>th, 1789. 
To the Selectmen of the town of .Machias: — 

Your humble Patioioner Begs leave to inform your honours 

that I have been an inhabitant of the town of Machias these 



175 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

four years — have been subject to all the Laws and Custom 
of the said town — but met with the misfortune of lowsing 
the uce of my arme — By the fawling of a tree, Which has 
reduced me to extream Poverty — If I Teases your honors to 
mention me in your Warent to try If the town Will do any- 
thing in my behalf — as I shall think mysef ever Bound in 
duty to your honours — and you will oblige your humble 
Paticioner as a man in grate Distress. 

JOHN ROBERTS. 

Under date April 6, 1789, one Stephen Parker came to 
the support of Roberts' claim, by writing and sending to 
the authorities the following: — 

To the Gentlemen Select : and others, the humane In- 
habitants of Machias : — 

The Humble Petition of John Roberts Humbly Sheweth, 
that Petitioner, during a period of four years, hath resrded 
in this town, and by indefatigable labour and assiduity in 
his calling, zealously Endeavored to Render himself a 
citizen meritorious, of the immunities promulgated by the 
Ambassadors of the States: cheerfully paying his quota of 
taxes and ever demeaning himself amenable to the laws : — 
That Petitioner by "fatal" catastrophe is rendered incapable 
of earning his Support as usual, having had his thigh 
broke; his shoulder dislocated and otherwise materially 
bruised, by which Petitioner is Reduced to the lowest ebb 
of penury and distress ; being destitute of Clothing to de- 
fend him from the Inclemency of the Weather. 

May it therefore seem meet, to your Honorable and 
Humane Sirs to Commisserate his distressed situation, and 
by your Charitable Benefaction, Enable him to go in quest 
of an experienced Surgeon, from whom he may find 
assistance: — and Petitioner in duty bound will ever Pray. 

STEPHEN PARKER. 

Commencing with the days of Puritan Rule in New Eng- 
land, down to within the last Century, a law prevailed, or a 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 176 

custom which is often equivalenl when a person immigrated 
t< a town, it became a duty of the Selectmen to warn him to 
emigrate Ecrthwith! Provided he had no visible means of 
Bupport. Machias was no exception to the custom, as the 
following Report to the Selectmen clearly illustrates: 

Machias, 5th August, 171)0. 
Nathan Longfellow, Jr., hereby informs the Selectmen of 
Maohias, that he lias brought with him, into this town, from 
Newbury, a poor hoy. by the name of Samuel Brown. 

NATHAN LONGFELLOW, JR. 

No doubt Mr. Longfellow's good citizenship and well-known 
earthly possessions operated to give the "poor boy" a 
residence, otherwise Samuel Brown would have been de- 
li rted. in a manner not dissimilar to that applied to the 
Chinamen of to-day. I 



SCHOOL DISTRICTS. 

Tn 1790 a school tax was reported, the town being 
divided into Four Districts. West District was known as 
Machias. The aggregate assessment was G23, Is. 2p. In 
list of West District are sixty-four names, among them 
Jacob Penniman, Ebenezer Ingley, Job Burnham, Dr. 
Parker Clark. James Flinr>, Stephen Jones, Ladwick IIol- 
way. Morris O'Brien and four sons Jeremiah. John, Gideon, 
.1 iseph; Ellis Smith, Marshall Thaxter. Hannah Mill is 
assessed for nineteen shillings and Olive Longfellow ten 
shillings, four pence, the first time a woman's name has 
appeared in the tax list, prohalily Hannah and Olive were 
the tirst women tax-payers in Machias. 
The "East District" nowEasI Machias, assessed 622, 18s, 

the list contains names of Josiah Harris, Capt. Wooden 

I • .1 seph Hill. Samuel Soott, Robert Munson, Samuels 
Rich and fifty-eight others. 

The Middle River District, including what is now 
Marshtield, the Hoyt Armstrong territory down as Ear as 



177 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



the present Rim Bridge, 
following are the persons 
Meekel Dawdell, 
James Avery, 
Henry Griffith, 
Daniel Hoit, 
Aaron Hanscom, 
A. Hanscom Jr., 
Nathan Hanscom, 
Joseph Lib bee, 
Daniel Meservey, 
Jacob Palmer, 
George Stillman, 
George Sevey, 
Samuel Cates, 
Jeremiah Singley, 
Benj. Crocker, 
William Webb, 



was assessed for £2, 17s, Op. The 
assessed. 

Stephen Dave, 

Wm. Graston, 

John Derby, 

Jonathan Berry, 

J. and J. Crocker, v 

Benjamin Fcss, 

Joseph Getchell, 

Hannah Hill, 

Samuel Hill, 

Benjamin Harmon, 

Jonathan Pineo, 

John Scott, 

Daniel Stone, 

Enoch Waterhouse, 

Joseph Averill, 

Stephen Smith, Jr. 



Hannah Hill appears as the heaviest tax payer in the 
Middle District, her tax being XI, 9s, 9p. 



The Lower District included 
assessment being £11, lis, lOp. 
payers : — 

Ebenezer Gardner, 

Nathaniel Phinney, 

Nathaniel Phinney, Jr., 

Josiah Phinney, 

Enoch San borne, 

Richard Sanborne, 

John Sanborne, 

Barthol'w Connors, 

Amasa Lewis, 

Charles Smith, 

James Gooch, 

David Libbee, 



Machiasport the aggregate 
The following are the Rate 

Obed Libbee, 
Peter Richardson, 
Jonathan Woodruff, 
Stephen Parker, 
Wm. Emerson, 
Benjamin Ackley, 
John Holmes, 
Samuel Holmes, 
Timothy Libbee's Est., 
Daniel Emerson, 
Ephraim Hadley. 



In addition to the foregoing estates there were in the town 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



178 



(including Pour districts) twenty-seven single (unmarried) 
Polls, assessed G5, Is, 3p. 

In February, 1790, a Resolve adopted by both Houses of 
the Massachusetts, Gdneral Court c< i \ of which was scut to 
Machias, called for the payment of the "Back Tax," for the 
Eli stern District of the County of Lincoln, and the 
Assessors of Machias responded to the call. The tax would 
not be called heavy in later days, yet it was only adding 
burden to burden one hundred and twelve years ago. 

The ]ioll tax was Is.. I p. There were one hundred and 
twenty-two polls, besides the tax on real and personal hold- 
ings. Peter Talbol paid the largest tax <>: real estate, Is. 
3p. Samuel Holmes the highest on personal estate being 
8p. The eidire list of names is here given: — 



dailies Avery, 
Israel Andrews. 
Thaddeus Ames, 
Samuel Bryant, 
James Brown, 
Phil brook Brown, 
Benjamin Berry, 
Andrew Brown, 
Nathaniel Babb, 
Ephraim Chase, 
Pat riok ( 'onnors, 
Samuel Cates, 
William Crosson, 
Jacob Crosby. 
William Davis, 
Gamaliel Demmons, 
John Day, 
I tavid I )unn, 
Wm. Emerson, 
Mi ises Klsniore, 

Robert Elliot, 
P.eiij. Foster, 
Woodin Foster, 
John W. Foster, 



Ephraim Hadley, 
Aaron Hanscom, 
Aaron Hanscom, Jr., 
Nathan Hanscom, 
Isaac Hanscom, 
Eleazer Hathaway, 
John Holmes, 
David Libby, 
Daniel Libby, 
Timothy Libby. 
Barnabas Lyon, 
Robert Munson, 
Joseph Munson Jr., 
John Munson, 
Stephen Munson. 
Thomas Miller, 
Thomas Mitchell, 
"Negro Mi low, " 
Stephen Parker. 
Nathd Phinney. 

Nathd Phinney, Jr., 

Josiah Phinney. 

dai ob Palmer. 
John Palmer, 



179 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



John Foster, 
Levi Foster, 
Abijah Foster. 
Benj. Foster, Jr. , 
Moses Foster, 
Paul Foster, 
Samuel Foster, 
Joel Foster, 
Daniel Foster, 
Elias Foster, 
Wallis Fenleson, 
John Fairbanks, 
John D. Fulsom, 
Ebenezer Gardner, 
Benj. Gooch, 
James Gooch, 
William Gooch, 
Ebenezer Gooch, 
David Gardner, 
Josiah Harris, 
Tilley Howe, 
Samuel Holmes, 
James Holmes, 
Ephraim Holmes, 



Anthony Pepper. 
Samuel Rich, 
Peter Richardson, 
Ezekiel Richardson, 
George Stillman, 
George Seavy, 
Joseph Seavy, 
John Seavy, 
Silvanus Seavy, 
Enoch Sanborne, 
John Sanborne, 
Samuel Scott, 
Samuel Scott, Jr., 
George Scott, 
Daniel Scott, 
Theodore Scott, 
Jesse Scott, 
Jonathan Stickney, 
Joseph Stewart, 
Ebenezer Smith, 
David Smith, 
Mark Scott, 
John Stewart, 
Peter Talbot. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 180 

Account of payments made to Rev. James Lyon, Dr. 

The following is copied from a sheel of fools-cap, made in 
the Pastor's own style of penmanship: 

1784— To what you (the Parish) Recv'd of Foster, 

Longfellow and Seavey, 
1785 — Paid you by Nathan Loufellow, 

My order on Chase, Collector, 
1786 -Paid you by Nathan Longfellow, 

To niy order on Chase for 
1787 — Paid you by Samuel Holmes, 

Paid you by John Scott, 
1788— Paid you by N. Longfellow. 

Paid you by John Poster, 
1789 — Paid you by E. Waterhouse, Collector, 

To my order on Benj. Gooch, 
1790 — Paid you by Daniel Meserve, 
To ditto by James Gooch, 
" " Joseph Getchell, 

" Samuel Smith, 
" " Silvanus Seavey, 

" S. Swan, 
" " S. Seavey, 

" '' John Holmes, 

" Getchell, 

" " Longfellow, 

" " Stephen Munson, 

"J. Wallis, 
" " Joseph Getchell, 

" " Jacob Longfellow, 

" " Stephen Jones, Esq., 

" Thomas Webster and Lewis, 

£794. 5. 13. 

By my Salary for ten years including 1794, £892. 0. 4. 

which includes deficiency of £32. 4. 0. previous to 1784 

Total of Receipts 794. 5. 1%. 



£73. 


8. 


6. 


51. 


10. 


6. 


34. 


9. 


6. 


50. 


■ 0. 


0. 


36. 


0. 


0. 


36. 


0. 


0. 


50. 


9. 


1. 


60. 


0. 


0. 


27. 


12. 


10. 


50. 





0. 


36. 


0. 


0. 


57. 


17. 


6. 


29. 


2. 


9. 


18. 


1. 


8. 


6. 


0. 


0. 


3. 


10. 


4. 


5. 


8. 


0. 


34. 


7. 


Wa. 


0. 


8. 


0. 


39. 


11. 


7. 


43. 


0. 


0. 


30. 


0. 


9. 


2. 


8. 


4. 


4. 


14. 


9. 


8. 


8. 


1. 


0. 


14. 


0. 


3. 


13. 


1. 



Balance due £97. 15. 2 :{ .,. 



181 HISTORY OF MACH1AS. 

BRIDGES. 

The first Bridge across Middle River was built in 1783 
nearly where the present bridge near the school house is 
now. It will be remembered that all the travel then and 
until 1824-25 between Machias, Machiasport West side and 
East Machias and all places East, except by water was by the 
Middle River and road across this bridge. 

Jonathan Pineo was the Surveyor or Agent of the town in 
building the bridge. His account of settlement for road 
bridge work, material, etc., was settled December 9th, 
1783. As Lieut. Pineo's accounts furnish the first written 
or printed record of "Bridge Builders" in the Province of 
Maine East of the Penobscot River the following becomes 
matter of interest. 

Dec. 2, Jonathan Pineo, one day's work; oxen half day. 

John Berry, half day's work; oxen half day. 

Joseph Getchell, Sr. , half day's work; oxen half day. 

Stephen Jones, Esq , four day's work; oxen one day. 

Capt. Stephen Smith, four day's work; oxen two days. 

Oapt. David Longfellow, one day's work; oxen two days. 
Dec. 3, Jonathan Pineo, oue day's work ; oxen one day. 

John Berry, one day's work; oxen one day. 

Joseph Averil, one day's work oxen one day. 

Joseph Getchell, one day's work oxen one day. 

Jo's Getchell, Jr. one and half day's work; oxen one day. 

Benjamin Foss, one day's work; oxen one day. 

Esquire Jones, four day's work; oxen one day. 

Capt. S. Smith, four day's work; oxen one day. 

Oapt. Jacob Longfellow, one day's work; oxen oue day. 
Dec. 4th, Oapt. Smith, two and half day's work ; oxen one day. 

Esquire Jones, one day's work ; oxen one day. 

Jona'n Pineo, one and half day's work; oxen one day. 

John Berry, one day's work; oxen one day. 

Joseph Getchell, two day's work; oxen one day. 

Benjamin Foss, one day's work; oxen one day. 
Dec. 6th, Oapt. Smith, two day's work; oxen one day. 

Esquire Jones, one day's work; oxen one day. 

Jo's. Getchell, one and one half day's work ; oxen one day. 

Enoch Waterhouse, one day's work; oxen one day. 

Daniel Stone, one day's work; oxen one day. 

Joseph Averil, one day's work; oxen one day. 

John Berry, one day's work; oxen one day. 

Jonathan Pineo, one day's work; oxen one day. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 182 

Dec. 9th, Esq. .Tom-, fotir'day's work ; 

Capt. Smith, two day's work; 

Job Barnham, one day's work; 

Jeremiah O'Brien, one. day's work; 

Jacob Longfellow, one day's work; 

Benjamin Foss, one day's work; 

John Berry, one day's work; oxen one day. 

Joseph Getchell, Sr. two day's work; oxen one day. 

David Libby, one day's work ; oxen one day. 

Jonathan Pineo, one day's work; oxen one day. 

Joseph Avi'iil, one day's work; oxen one day. 

Japhet Hill, two day's work ; oxen one day. 

Henry Griffith, one day's work; oxen one day. 

Dec. 10. 1783: I hereby certify the foregoing to be a true 
copy of what work was done, in the year 1783, on the Rods 

etc. 

JONATHAN PINEO, Surveyor. 

The following is annexed to the above account. 

1782. The town of Machias 

To Jonathan Pineo, Dr. 
To S. 1 , days work, in looking out Rodes and 
clearing, by the direction of the Commetty ap- 
pointed for that purpose. 

It is in evidence that, when "Capt. Smith" and "Esquire 
Jones, " worked on the road or on the bridge a day. they 
sometimes were accompanied by a "hired man," which 
materially increased the number of their day's work. The 
reader will note that Jones, O'Briens,- Smiths. Long- 
fellows, did not shrink from or shirk using ;l x and shovel 
with common men: Is not the prosperity of Machias in 
large measure, the last seventy-five years, due to the industry 
and economical habits of the town's Pioneers of one hundred 
twenty-five years ago? 

One hundred and nineteen years later a Bridge was buill 
at East .Machias and in the territorial limits of the old 
Machias; a description id' the modern bridge is here given. 

The Pope Memorial Bridge at Kast Machias spans the 
river where the "Upper Bridge" stood from a time early in 
the history of the town. In August, 1902, the old bridge 



183 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

was torn down and work commenced on the memorial bridge, 
which is built entirely of concrete reinforced by steel bars 
imbedded within the structure. The foundations all rest on 
bed rock, and with the superstructure of gravel concrete, 
which is really artificial stone, make a bridge consisting of 
threee lliptical arches and is formed in practically one solid 
piece. These arches carry a roadway twenty feet wide and a 
granolithic of concrete built in panels and topped by a neat 
coping guarding each side and gives a substantial finish to the 
whole structure. 

In the center panel on the south side and facing the road- 
way is a bronze tablet bearing the inscription : — 

"T/u's bridge is erected in memory of William Pope and his sons 
William Henry, Samuel Warren, John Adams, Andrew Jackson, 
James Otis, Edwin and George Washington — founders of a lumber- 
ing and ship-building business, which began near this site and ex- 
tended to neighboring towns, to Boston, and to the Pacific Coast, and 
which was conducted by these men and their descendants from 1807- 
igoi." 

This tells the reason for erecting the memorial which 
seems especially appropriate as it is within a stones throw of 
the site of Win. Pope's first store, which stood about where 
C. S. Gardner's blacksmith shop now stands; is near the 
mills and store operated for many years by S. W. Pope & 
Co., and their successors; and also is near the old home 
occupied since 1825 by Wm. Pope and his descendents. 
Moreover, its simple and substantial design is in keeping 
with the character of the men who for nearly a century 
played such an important part in the history of this 
locality. 

The bridge was opened to travel in December, 1902, 
although the sidewalk and walks were not completed 'till 
July, 19U3, when it was presented by Warren, John and Macy, 
sons of the late James O..Pope, to the town of East Machias. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



184 



rr 




FIRST SETTLEMENT. 185 

FROM IRELAND. 

This letter was from Stephen O'Brien, son of Patrick 
( )' lirien and Mary, a daughter of Capt.Stephen Lewi' lien. Pat- 
rick and Daniel O'Brien, Cork. Ireland in 1771. were 
brothers of Morris O'Brien of Machias, Mass. 

The address on the letter is, "For Messrs Jeremia, 
Gideon and John O'Brien, Machias. Province of Mass- 
achusetts, New England, America." 

Cork, Ireland. August the 24, 1790. 

Dear Cousins:— Beinu; addressed by an unknown person 
may suprise you but, T presume when by a person who 
has the honour of being your relation, will T hope a little 
subside- your surprise. Having by accident seen the copy of 
a letter, from your father Maurice O'Brien, wrote to my 
father and uncle, Messrs. Patrick and Daniel O'Brien of the 
city of Cork, Ireland, who were his brothers, dated from 
Machias in New England, July the 30th, 1774; I being the 
son of your uncle Patrick O'Brien, who was married to 
('apt. Stephen Lewelleh's daughter of Cork my father 
dying, when I was very young, I could never learn or hear 
of any other Letter or correspondence passed between them 
since the above letter, the copy of which being almost de- 
faced when it came to my hands. 

My uncle Maurice mentions in lbs letter thai he had then 
living Nine children, six sons and three daughters; his sons 
names were Jeremiah, Gideon, John, William. Dennis and 
Joseph. His daughters were married, their names were 
Martha, Joanna and Mary. The above letter was brought 
by a sail vessel loaded with timber and deals from my uncle's 
mills and bound to Scarborough in ( )ld England, and senl by 
post from thence to Ireland. The Captain's name was 

Apple ton ; — the said letter demanding a statemenl of all his 
family in this Country and strongly encouraging his 
brothers and their family to go over to America, which my 
father should have done, bul his children then being too 
young, and for the American War which broke oul 
immediately after. My father has. been dead these many 
years back. Both my aunts are dead. My mother is living. 
1 have two brothers and a sister younger than myself. My 
i Ister is comfortably married. 

[f my uncle (Maurice) be living which 1 hop- he is 1 
should have no object ion of going and spending a few months 
with him and my friends in America; as the near tye of 
blood which unites me to my friends, has given me a lone 



186 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

ing desire of seeing and being acquainted with such near 
and dear relations. I hope my dear Cousins will be kind 
enough to send me a few lines and to send some account of 
my friends in that Country ; and hope they will excuse the 
freedom with which, I write to them, as not having the 
pleasure of addressing them (I fear) properly. My uncle 
Maurice desired in his letter to my father and uncle, when 
they should write to direct to his sons. I take the Liberty 
of directing this to Messrs. Jeremiah, Gideon and John 
O'Brien, Machias Province of Massachusetts, New Eng- 
land, and in case it should miscarry, another letter to my 
Cousins Messrs. William, Dennis and Joseph O'Brien as 
above. If my dear Cousins should be so kind as to honor 
me with a few lines, direct to me to the care of Daniel (iibbs, 
Esquire, Consellor at Law, Cork, Ireland; and in expectation 
of having that felicity, as soon as convenient, am with the 
most affectionate regards to my uncle and all my relations, 
— Dear Cousins your most Obedient though unknown 
friend — 

STEPHEN O'BRIEN. 



JOHN O'BRIEN. 

During years 1778-'79 Commander John O'Brien con- 
tinued agressive work upon British merchant vessels, plying 
between the West Indies, Philadelphia and other ports in 
in America and Liverpool, England. The new vessel built 
at Newburyport in 1778 being well equipped enabled her 
commander to operate with satisfactory results and heavy 
loss to the enemy. In a very short time he caused to be 
brought into Newburyport a dozen captured prizes some of 
them with valuable cargoes. It has been said, and no doubt 
in a large degree of truth, that the proceeds of the sales of 
the vessels and cargoes contributed to the foundation of 
ninny fortunes of residents of the favored city. Capt. 
O'Brien, when he would deliver prizes at the city wharves 
or in the harbor, would say, "Here boys you take care of 
these and I will go out for more. " Ho, evidently did not 
care so much for money as he did for the opportunity of 
seeing the British flag come down ! 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 187 

One time Capt. O'Brien found himself hard chased by a 
Br. armed frigate of larger tonnage than usual and well 
rigged, with force and equipment sufficienl to present a for- 
midable appearance. The British Captain determined to 
give battle at once and bore down on O'Brien under favor- 
able wind. Not caring to engage with a vessel of so much 
better Bize and armament, he ordered his man at the wheel 
to steer out of danger. Both vessels crowded sail, both 
made rapid headway. The darkness of the night inter- 
vened. O'Brien having a dry and empty hogshead on board 
caused it to be tilled with combustibles, tar etc.. cast it over- 
board with a brand of fire inside. Presently a blaze arose 
casting lighi over the waves of t lie Atlantic; the American 
vessel changed her course, easily making her escape, while 
the British Captain and his crew became dazed over the 
"burning sea," — concluded thai the Colonial rebel was burn- 
ing or had set afloat some instrument of destruction from 
which he was glad to make his escape! 

The Hannibal. Capt. O'Brien's newly built Newburyport 
vessel carried twentj guns, and while he was on duty else- 
where, his brother, Col. Jeremiah O'Brien took charge of 
the Hannibal, and while cruising one day off the New Jersey 
shore, she was captured by a fleet of Br. war ships, Colonel 
O'Brien was taken a prisoner; detained several months on 
the Prison ship Jersey, then sent to England where he was 
taken to Mill Prison, from which he escaped as elsewhere 
told in this volume. However, ('apt. .John O'Brien was but 
a short time out of business for he soon found himself in 
command of a vessel, less than one hundred tons, named 
the Hibernia, mounting only six, three pound guns hut a 
fast sailer. With Ins Bmall vessel he made destructive work 
with British shippng; He took one English war ship 
the Genera] Pattison; the same day he took a large ship 
loaded with Bpars and masts, and still later he sailed to 
Newburyporl with eleven merchant laden vessels out of a 

fleet .if twelve, which he '"fell in with"' and captured off the 

Hudson River. 



188 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

NORTHEAST BOUNDARY. 

During the negotiation of the treaty, which was mainly 
designed to establish a permanent boundary between the 
United States, more especially the province of Maine, then 
Massachusetts, and the maritime province of Nova Scotia, 
which then included New Brunswick, the latter having been 
created since 1784, a contention arose early in the proceed- 
ings, as to which river was really intended for the dividing 
"line, " between the countries and the strife was kept up 
until September 1790, and later. 

The United States appointed one commissioner, John Jay ; 
the British government appointed one, Col. William Bar- 
clay. The treaty stipulated that these two should choose or 
agree on the third ; if the two could not agree, they should 
"draw lots," which they did and the "lot" proved to be one 
very clearly in sympathy with the British view of the 
question. So that the British strength of the board was 
two to one ! The duty of this board was quite clearly de- 
fined in the treaty, and the "two to one" in nearly the first 
step taken, "voted" that, "whichsoever river the board 
agreed on, should go en record as the boundary line." 

The commissioners had power to employ a surveyor and 
they selected Dr. William Chaloner. a former resident of 
Annapolis, N. S., a practicing physician and surgeon, then 
a resident of Machias, Maine, and still a subject of the 
British crown, not having taken the oath of allegiance to 
the United States as there was no "government" yet fully 
organized; the doctor having come to Machias immediately 
after the battle of Margaretta, June 12, 1775. There were 
so many wounded men, made such in the fight, and no 
physician to treat them, Jonas Farnsworth was dispatched 
by authorities of Machias in a sail boat, to Annapolis and 
returned in about three days with Dr. Chaloner. The doctor 
liked the country so well that he sent for his family, who 
joined him early in the season of 177(i, being the first 
physician in Machias. 

A part of the house Dr. Chaloner built for his family is 
now (1903) standing, forming the ell of the two story house 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 189 

on the north end of Jos. A. Collin's homestead lot. Until 
removed the two story house, this having been built by 
Josiah Hill, brother of Obadiah Hill, in LS17, and Dr. 
Chaloner's house was utilized by Mr. Hill for an ell to the 
new house occupying the lot where Mr. Coffin's house now 
stands. 

Jonathan Longfellow, Jr, (known as "Luke," or more 
nearly "St. Luke,") was recognized as a close student of the 
Bible The late Deacon. Win. A. Crocker, a personal ac- 
quaintance, called on him in his last illness, expressing 
surprise at his humanity of heart and complete knowledge 
of Scripture. He always carried the Bible into his lumber 
camp, reading himself, and having others read as much as 
was possible. 

Isaac Longfellow, who was a brother of Jonathan, Jr. 's 
wife, and son of Jacob, was also a resident of Machias. These 
two young, unmarried men. were selected through the in- 
fluence of Doctor Chaloner — Jonathan as clerk for the com- 
missioners, Isaac for "bushman" and generarl laborer about 
camp and woods. Thus equipped for the work the Doctor, 
Jonathan and Isaac, accompanying him. proceeded by 
water, via Quoddy, to St. Andrews. N. B., where they 
joined the Commissioners, and in June, 17D4, proceeded to 
the previously outlined territory to do the work before them. 

The then prince of Wales, who in the later days of his life, 
became George IV. of (Treat Britian, was one of the number 
who came from England in Col. Barclay's party, and the 
prince, then a youth of 18 summers, shared in the camp 
life of the commission fording streams and ranging in 
forests, thriving on "pot luck" with his companions. No 
doubt the prince had quite unrestricted appetite for the 
"ardent," yet there was no very near approach to drunken- 
aess in the crew. Occasionally some one or more of the 
company, on the prinoe's invitation, would not decline the 
"social glass," so thai by times there was evidence of hi- 
larity, of the type invoked by mirthful, youthful men in 
camp. 



190 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Jonathan Longfellow, Jr., all his life stoutly maintained 
that the Maguadavie river was the true St. Croix, the river 
named in the treaty, and not the present St. Croix. He 
quoted undisputed evidence to confirm his conviction. The 
present St. Croix was never known or mentioned as St. 
Croix nntil that commission, so announced it! The treaty 
of 1783— '84, denned the dividing "line" to be "from a certain 
point on the St. Croix following its channel to the sea, 
toward the southeast, and northwardly to certain high- 
lands near the source and to the north of said river." The 
St. Croix of to-day was formerly called by the Indians 
Chignecto, and previous to 1789, in deeds and articles of 
grants of land to settlers by Massachusetts, the river was 
called Schoodic ; previous to 1789 there is no authenticated 
use of the name St. Croix! There are no high hills or high- 
lands very near the head of the St. Croix, while there are 
highlands near the source of the Maguadavie ! Has any 
person ever recognized the "channel of the St. Croix" as 
dividing Eastport and Lubec from Campebello? and can 
Grand Manan by any manipulating skill be made to 
appear consistently East of the channel of "St. Croix to 
the sea?" 

The entire trouble between Maine and New Brunswick 
including the Aroostook war of 1838-'39, since 1794, have 
grown out of the misnaming of rivers by the notorious com- 
mission of 1794. The British obtained the best of the 
bargain, — remember the two to one? 

The foregoing American view of the question was always 
maintained by Dr. Chaloner, supported by Col. John Allan, 
as well as Jonathan and Isaac Longfellow. By the 
"diplomacy" employed, the United States and Maine were 
deprived of a just claim to all of the territory, west and south 
of the Maguadavie river. 

It should be kept in mind, that Col. John Allan and Dr. 
William Chaloner were as thoroughly conversant with the 
physical geography of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, as 
any two men who could be named. 

The Longfellows, Jonathan, Jr., and Isaac, during the 



FIRST SETTLKMKNT. 



191 




Cephas Longfellow 
Born in Machias 1801. son of Jonathan and Margaret of 
the Newbury Branch; died 1894. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 192 

remainder of their lives, apparently, were never happier than 
when reciting their adventures the incidents and events of 
the "Boundary Line" campaign of their youth. 

After the Aroostook war of 1838, Daniel Webster, Sec- 
retary of State, under President John Tyler in 1842, 
dispatched (Jen. Winfield Scott to Maine, with full power to 
settle the disputed boundary. There is no evidence thai 
Gen. Scott, or any member of his staff ever "perambulated 
the line!" They may have approached so near to it as the 
town of Houlton, but all matters of "negotiation" with the 
British, through the governor of New Brunswick, were con- 
ducted not far removed from the state capitol at Augusta. 
It will be remembered, too, that the Maine prohibitory law 
had not then been enacted ! Also that land was cheap in 
Maine at this early date, and it is no wonder that Gen. Scott 
came to the conclusion, that the matter of a few hundred 
thousand acres of land, and two or three unimportant 
islands like Campobello, Indian Island and Grand Manan, 
were not of value sufficient to detain him in Maine very long 
or much special worth to Maine or the federal union; so it 
was easily made convincing that the direct way out of 
the controversy was to adopt the "St. Croix river, "and 
the entire "boundary," as established by the famous com- 
mimssion of John Jay's associates. 

Tn proof of much of the foregoing see the History of Bast- 
port and Passamaquoddy, including an extended review of 
the Northeastern Boundary question from L783 to I s !:.'. 
by William Henry Kilby— a more correct or painstaking 
historian is not known among men. 

English history discloses that George TVth during his 
short reign as king of Great Britian, did not altogether 
abandon the dissolute habits of life, if not contracted while 
on his visit to the "king's land" in North America, werewell 
tixed on his return home in the year L794, ami much of the 
time passed with the "Longfellow buys of Machias. " 
George III, died in L820; George TV. lived until L830; 
William IV. until 1837; succeeded by Victoria, who wore 
the crown 'till 1901 



193 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

THE CHURCHES. 

CATHOLIC. 

The first Catholics of which there is any record in 
Machias were members of the French Colony established 
early in the seventeenth century. This attempt to settle a 
Colony proved futile. Years later a few Catholics of Irish 
birth settled on the River. Not, however, until the 
Revolution did they comprise more than a small number of 
families,. These were visited occasionally by Priests, who 
made Missionary tours along the Coast. Religious services 
were sometimes held in farm houses of the Settlement. 

Years later Machias was visited by the Priests, who at 
different times were stationed at Eastport. Among these 
pioneers were Rev. M. Romagne 1808-'16; Rev. P. Byrne, 
1824-'28; Rev. James Fitton, 1828-'30; Rev. Michael 
Realy, 1830-'32; Rev. James Conway 1832-'36; Rev. B. 
LeDemillier, 1836-'41; Rev. John B. McMahon, 1841-'43, 
who was an eminent physician and practiced medicine 
gratuitously among his parishioners; and Rev. John B. 
Daly, who remained as pastor of Eastport for a short time 
only. Rev. Bernard Cariher succeeded Father Daily in the 
pastorate of Eastport, and in 1845, a small frame church 
was erected at Machias. Rev. P. Cronin attended the 
mission, 1845-1847, when Rev. John O'Donnell assumed 
charge. In 1850 Rev. M Dougherty ministered at Eastport, 
daring three months. The same year the mission was 
visited by Rev. N. Lazarian, a Turkish priest, and later by 
Rev. James McDavitt and Rev. John Boyce. Thence until 
1856 the attendant priests were members of the Society of 
Jesus, among them being Rev. John Bapst and Rev. 
Fathers Force, Pacciorinni, DeNecker, Kennedy and Moore. 
Rev. Henry Gillin visited Machias 1856, until the coining 
of the first resident Pastor, Rev. Henry O'Neill, 1859. 
Rev's. M. W. Murphy, Edmond Doyle, Daniel Whalen, 
John Madden officiated at Machias after the death of 
Father O'Neill in 1860. Rev. C. J. O'Callighan was in 
charge of the Parish from 1864 to '66; during the following 
years until the arrival of Rev. John T. Sullivan in 1868, it 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



194 




Catholic Church — 1844. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 195 

was attended by Rev. John Imasso and Rev. James Durum 
of Enstport. Father Sullivan remained until 1 S T< ). for a 
few months he was assisted by Rev. Louis Smith. Aiter 
the departure of Father Sullivan, the affairs of the parish 
were administered by Rev. James P. Cassidy. Then came 
Rev. 0. M. Oonlon 1870— '73; Rev. John Cassidy one year 
and Rev. Wm Herbert only two. months, until the coming 
of Rev. William O'Donnell. During Father O'Donnell's 
pastorate the church and parochial residence were destroyed 
by tire June, 1875, but were at once rebuilt. In 1878 Rev. 
Eugene Vetromile became Pastor at Machias and remained 
until 1881 when he was succeeded by Rev. John Canning. 

Through Father Canning's efforts the church debt was 
paid. Rev. Wm. Lonergan directed the affairs of the parish, 
1883—1885; in the latter year Rev. C. O'Sullivan the 
present (1903) pastor assumed charge. During Father 
O'Sullivan's pastorate numerous improvements have been 
made in the church of Holy Name at Machias. The 
missions at Trescott, Lubec, West Lubec, are attached to 
the parish in Machias. In 1889 a church was erected at 
Lubec, where a number of Catholic families reside. 

The foregoing is copied mainly from the History of the 
Catholic church in New England, published in L899. 

CONGREGATIONALISM 

The first measure of record looking to the organization of 
a Church or the formation of a religious Society at Machias 
was in 1771,. In a township meeting of the Settlers the 
amount of eighty pounds, nearly 8400. was raised by unan- 
imous vote, to support a minister of the Gospel. This was 
only eight years after the first settlers built their camps, 
and they could hardly be comfortably located and housed 
themselves. 

Later in the season of the same year Stephen Jones, a 
prominent man, was in Boston. In that town he met K \. 

James Lyon, who had been laboring in Nova Scotia, and 

was on his way to New Jersey, the people iii Nova Scotia 

being so poor that they were unable to Bupporl preaching. 



196 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Mr. Jones persuaded Mr. Lyon that Machias would be a good 
field for his work, where a minister was greatly needed and 
would be appreciated. Mr. Lyon changed his plans and 
came to Machias preaching alternately at West Falls and 
East Falls settlements. 

Mr. Lyon was a native of New Jersey, a graduate of 
Princeton College, a man of strong intellect, broad-minded 
yet not a little aggressive. He labored zealously with the 
Society and in the community until his last sickness which 
terminated in his death October, 1794. 

During the initiatory work of the Revolution and all 
through the seven years war he was often sought as the 
leader of thought to give expression to the settlers' wishes 
by letters, by petitions, by appeals, by remonstrance; in all 
these documents, many of which are preserved to this time, 
show the discerning mind and force of character. 

In three years during the Revolution he did not receive 
one dollar on account of salary. At the close of the war — 
nearly £1,000 was found due to him "back pay. " At one time 
Mr. Lyon was the principal laborer in distilling salt from 
sea water, the place of operation being a small Island, two 
miles below Machiasport ; and is known by residents of to- 
day, as well as on charts as "Salt Island." Tradition tells 
that "No salt was imported to Machias for four years, the 
latter part of the war, and this factory of Parson Lyon's 
was the only source of supply." 

The first room used for religious services was in Stephen 
Jones' barn; the barn occupied the lot where Sargent's 
bookstore now stands. 

In 1774 the settlers by private subscriptions built the first 
Meeting House, the principal contributors being Stephen 
Jones, Stephen Smith, George Stillman, James Flynn, 
David Longfellow, William Tupper, Willis Albee, Joseph 
Averill, Amos Boynton, Daniel Meservey, Jonathan Pineo 
John Berry Joseph Libbee Job Burnham Enoch Water- 
house Obadiah Hill. Cost of the building was $220.00. 
George Libby sold the lot to the town; the same site as 
now occupied by the Raymond house and tin 1 house of 



197 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



U 



/ in m 



, 






z 



FIRST SKTn.KMKVI . 198 

widow Emily Coffin. The building, forty-two by twenty- 
five, one story, no belfry, do pews, with plain plank seals 
on wood legs"ranged along both sides againsi the walls" 
The bro,ad aisle led from the main entrance t<> the small 
pulpit at the farther end. Besides its usefulness as a church, 
town meetings, schools, and for several years terms of 
various classes of Courts were held here. 

The walls of this church echoed with the eloquent appeals 
of Foster, O'Brien, Chase, Smith and others when gathered 
to consider the next step to take and how to proceed in their 
incipient revolution againsi George III. ! Id was through 
the window of this church that Capt. James Moore found 
it necessary to make his escape. 

In 17S5 the town voted to buy the Meeting House of the 
Proprietors, which was done and in 1786 the town voted to 
build two new Churches, one at West Falls and one at East 
Falls. 

On account of the depreciated currency and hard times, 
also loss of mills in 17SS by tire, church building was delay- 
ed till 1794. when a renewed effort was made to secure a 
larger and better building. 

Rev. H. F. Harding in his Centennial Address, Sept., 
1882, says: — "A meeting of the citizens was held at the 
house of Dr. Parker Clark on March 18. 1793, the object of 
which was to promote building the new church. A sub- 
scription paper was opened at this meeting and the next day 
a gang of men were at work in the woods cutting timber 
headed by Capt. Gideon O'Brien as head chopper, assisted 
by ('apt. Jacob Longfellow as liner, ami men with broad 
axes to side the timber, as fast as chopper and liner could 
make it ready. The timber was given by Capt. O'Brien, 
grown on his lot known in later years as the Lemuel (Jay 
farm. Other men at Middle River were at work at the same 
time getting out timber for the same frame so that all the 
timber was prepared and drawn to the lot before the snow 
was gone the spring 179:;. The building was 55x45 and the 
oosl in March. L796, was found to be $1,935. The plats for 

the pews were sold for $3, I'd ; the 6XC6SE above the amount 



199 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

already expended was used in finishing the pews and pulpit, 
all being completed in 1797. 

There is no evidence that Mr. Lyon ever held services in 
the new church. His health commenced to fail in 1793 while 
the building frame was only raised and covered, the interior 
in rough condition. This church occupied the same lot as 
Lib by Hall at present, only nearer the street, its longest 
side toward the road or "back street" then called, the 
belfrey on the West end. 

After the death of Mr. Lyon the town was without a 
minister over a year. November 5, 1795, the Town Record 
contains the following, as having been adopted in town 
meeting : — 

"It having pleased the Divine Disposer of all things to 
deprive us of our late Pastor, we, the subscribers, request 
that a meeting of the inhabitants ba called for the purpose 
of entering into some measures for supplying the town with 
an able minister." 

This is signed by George Stillman and five other leadng 
men, the movement having the co-operation of East Falls, 
Middle River and Lower District. 

A Committee appointed for the purpose enquired of Rev. 
Peter Thacher D.D. of Boston : Mr. Thacher recommended 
Rev. Clark Brown. For many reasons Mr. Brown failed to 
satisfy the Society or the people generally and at the end of 
two years he returned to Massachusetts. The Parish had 
weakened rather than strengthened under his ministery, so 
that 1797 to 1801 no minister was available, when Rev. 
Marshfield Steele of Boston, Mass., was hired his active 
pastorate continuing twenty-one years. Under his ministra- 
tion thfi church was reorganized with only nine members. 
Later twenty others united and during the years of Mr. 
Steel's pastorate sixty-five united with the church. 

At Mr. Steel's ordination the sermon was by Rev. 
Jonathan Fisher of Bluehill; the charge was given by Rev. 
John Sawyer of Boothbay ; right hand of fellowship by Rev. 
Ebenezer Price of Belfast. 

The first statuatory organization of the Parish was in 






FIRST SETTLEMENT. 200 

April, 1817, when one hundred members signed a Petition to 
the General Court for an act of Incorporation, Under the 
new order greater regularity and care appear in the records. 

Rev. Abram Jackson, a student from Bangor wassettled.as 
colleague of Mr. Steele in 1820, the latter giving up preach- 
ing altogether on account of poor health in 1821. Mr. 
Jackson was ordained at East Falls, the council meeting at 
the house of Dea. Peter Talbot. Mr. Jackson's ministry 
continued thirteen years In 1S2(> a wide spread revival is 
recorded. 

As one immediate result of the revival the church at East 
Maehias was organized, Seventy-eight were dismissed from 
the parent church and fifty-eight new converts added mak- 
ing one hundred thirty-six members of the East Maehias 
church. Ninety converts were added to the Maehias church. 

In 1830 a church was organized at Madias; orl twenty-five 
being dismissed from Maehias and twenty-five converts, 
making the church at Maohiasport start with fifty members. 

Mr. Jackson remained in Maehias until 1834, when he 
received a call from Belfast. Mr. Hardin i/s address states 
that "The records of the later years of Mr. Jackson's min- 
istry are not pleasant reading nor edifying to any soul of 
man." He was succeeded by Rev. S. D. Ward, wholabored 
with the Society for ten years with marked ability and 
success. 

In 1830 the Parish felt the need of a larger and better 
church building— accordingly a voluntary Association of 
subscribers to shares was legally incorporated. < >ne hundred 
shares at fifty dollars each were taken. The building com- 
mittee were George S. Smith, Daniel Longfellow, Win. F. 
Penniman, Samuel Burpee. The present fine building on 
Centre street was erected at a cost of $12,500. The lo< cost 
$1,200. The church was dedicated free from debt; the pride 
of tlie town, because of its size and beautiful architectural 

outlines. No one thing ever a< mplished by its citizens 

did so much to elevate and promote the town's good name. 
For many years it stood recognized as the besi framed 
ohurch edifice in the State. There is no shrinkage in com- 



201 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

parison with others of today. The pews were sold to the high- 
est bidders, the late John Crocker of Marshfield paying 
$260.00 for his choice, being the highest price paid. 

With the oocupancy of the new church and favorable, 
united spirit of his parishioners Mr. Ward's ministry was 
one of eminent success. Extensive revivals m 1836 and 
again in 1840--'41 attended his labors; ninety-eight persons 
became members, thirty-six at one Communion. While 
pastor Mr. Ward married Miss Laura A. daughter of Hon. 
Samuel A. Morse, his second wife. Owing to failing health 
after ten years service he resigned and was dismissed, 
August 1844 Subsequently he had a Parish at Feeding 
Hills, Mass., where he died in 1858. 

Mr. Ward's successor Rev. R. S. Kendall, installed as 
pastor, Den 24, 1845 ; dismissed July 5, 1847 He made no 
especial mark of distinction, except in the scathing denun- 
ciation of persons or societies in his sermons for whom he 
entertained slight respect. 

Rev. Amos Brown succeeded Mr. Kendall ; ordained May, 
11, 1848; dismissed July 22, 1851. In his three years forty 
members united with the church. Afterwards Mr. Brown 
became first President of the Peoples' College at Havanna, 
N. Y., established by a few wealthy New Yorkers, where he 
continued several years. He died August 14, 1874. 

Late in 1852 the Parish sent a call to Rev. Stephen L. 
Bowler, a graduate of Bangor Theological Seminary, who 
commenced his work Jan. 5, 1853 under favorable con- 
ditions. He closed his pastorate at the end of eighteen 
months on account of impaired health, much to the regret of 
his Society and people as a whole. 

Following Mr. Bowler, Rev. Henry F. Harding a young 
man, graduate from Bowdoin College, and three 
years at Bangor Theological Seminary, received a call to 
the church. October 17, 1855 at nine A. M. the Council of 
eleven ministers and nearly as many delegates assembled in 
the Cong, church for the examination of the young 
preacher The result was satisfactory in all the essential 
doctrines of the evangelical system so called and the scene 



202 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




Rev. Henry Fiske Harding. 
Pastor Congregational Church 1855-1872. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 203 

would have closed, when one member, who seemed to have 

doubts, suggested that a few questions Ih> asked the can- 
didate on peculiar points of faith. This opened a wide 
field and introduced unexpected difficulties. Some of the 
elderly members <it' the board became so dissatisfied that 
they withdrew from the Council and "Only the voucher of 
Prof. Shepherd of Bangor united with the announcement of 
Dea. Peter Talbot, that the Deacons would ordain if the 
Council refused, saved the ordination, winch took place in 
the evening, Prof. Shepherd preaching the sermon. 

Mr. Harding's ministry proved suoessful from the start 
The church prospered. He married Miss Elizabeth, daughter 
of Hon. Jeremiah O'Brien thereby becoming a resident of 
the town, participating in the various phases of municipal 
life; continuing his pastoral relation to the church till 
L871. 

In December, L865, the church narrowly escaped destruc- 
tion by accidental fire. Services were held in Libby Hall 
while the repairs and re-modeling the interor were in 
progress. The church was re-occupied in the Fall of 1866 
The following year the organ, costing $2,350 was placed in 
the church, chiefly by the Organ Society, which was started 
in L850 by the ladies of the Parish. 

Mr. Harding's resignation was reluctantly accepted and in 
a few months his family removed to Hallowell. During his 
pastorate one hundred and fifty members were added to the 
communion, besides a large and healthy growth of the 
Sunday-school 

After a residence of fourteen years in Hallowell. Mr. 
Harding received a call from the Cong. Church at East 
Machias, where he Labored seventeen years, making thirty- 
four years of ministry in the two towns. For the year past 
and at present he is supplying churches which have no 
settled minister. 

In the years of his absence from Machias he was a fre- 
quent visitor; calls were sent often to perforin marriage 
ceremonies and officiate a1 funerals because of the former 
strong attachment that existed between Pastor and People. 



204 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

No home so desolate, no soul so discouraged but that the 
faithful Pastor could make his way thither; no one more 
sincere in carrying the comforting tidings of Christ's gospel. 

The society was without regular preaching up to July, 1872, 
when Rev. T. T. Merry was installed pastor. His ministry 
terminated early in the Fall of 1874, although the dismissal 
did not take place 'til December of this year. Thirteen 
united with the church during his time of labor. 

Rev. S. L. Bowler received a second call and returned to 
do pastoral work among his former parishioners He re- 
mained five years his labor being fruitful of good results. 

In October. 1879, Rev. Daniel Greene commenced as acting 
pastor, continuing about nine years. Mr. Greene was 
succeeded by Rev. Charles F. Clarke of New Haven, Conn., 
for three years and Mr. Clarke by Rev. Charles D. Crane, a 
graduate of Princeton. After six years, 1804-1900, Mr. 
Crane was followed by Rev. Geo. J. Bloomfield, who com- 
menced his pastorate in 1900 and is now in charge of the 
parish. 

METHODIST. 

The first attempt to organize a Church was in March. 
1838; a Class was formed here by Rev. C. C. Cone then 
laboring on the East Machias Circuit. The Class consisted 
of nine persons, viz: Samuel Beckwith, Thomas Baker, 
Jane Baker, Deborah Baker, Patience A. Longfellow, 
Abram Williamson, Sarah Williamson, Amos B. Long 
fellow, Nancy P. Longfellow. Mr. Beckwith was 
appointed Leader. By the annual Conference held in the 
Spring of 1839, Rev. Parker Jaques was appointed to the 
Wesley Circuit, of which Machias formed a part. Preaching 
services held once in four weeks in the Court House. 
Mr. Jaques was succeeded in 1841 by Rev. C. Stone and the 
latter in 1842 by Rev. A. P. Battey. Besides the preachers 
named the following have been Pastors in Machias: Rev's. 
E. A. Helmershausen, Daniel Chase, Z. H. Blair, Eliott B. 
Fletcher, Samuel Sargent, Richard Walker, S. B. T upper, 
C. F. Tupper, A mini Prince. M. D. Matthews, J. A. Steele, 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



205 




Congregational Church — 1837. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 



206 




Methodist Church — 1893. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. '207 

E. M. Fowler, N. Whitney, H. Wardwell, J. E. C. Sawyer, 
S. F. Chase, A. R. Lunt, S. S. Gross, S. H. Beale, B. B. 
Byrne, V. P. Wardwell, J. Q. Biram, 0. I. Mills, A. 
Protsman. \V. Baldwin. T. H. Murphy, E. H. Boynton, 
1886-91; T. J. Wright, L891-'96; K. J. Sutcliffe, '96--'99; 
D. B. Dow, 1901; I. H. W. Wharff, 1901--'03; E. V. 
Allen, present pastor. 

The first Methodist church building in town was com- 
menced in 1849 during the pastorate of Rev. R. Walker; 
completed in 1851 at a cost of $4 ,000. Nathan Longfellow 
donated the lot. the same on which the present building 
stands, enlarged in L893 by one rod added to the Eastern 
side purchased of Charles W. Vose. 

The present tine edifice was built during the pastorate of 
Rev. E. H. Boynton, mainly by his efforts. When ap- 
pointed to this charge he was confronted by a somewhat 
divided Society and a ohurch debt of $780,00. In his five 
years he was instrumental in reuniting the members of the 
Parish, cancelled the old debt, raised $9,000 with which he 
built the new church leaving it all finished and furnished, 
even to the bell, and "Notone cent of indebtedness," with a 
working, spiritual church membership, stronger than at any 
time within its history. 

The church, which started with fourteen members at the 
beginning, in L900 had one hundred and forty members. 
Connected with it is an Epworth League of L50 and a 
Ladies" Working Society of twenty-live members and a 
Sunday school that has numbered L30 pupils. 

The State Conference met with the churoh in Machias, 
tin' first time m L868; the second time in 1893. 

UNIVERSALIS! - . 

The first preacher of the I'niversalist Faith, of which we 
find record, to visit and hold religious services in Machias, 
was in L834. His name was Dodd and BO little interest 
was taken in him. even those who synij athized with him in 

belief, could not remember his firsl name, or whether he was 
a settled pastor over a Society elsewhere or a sort of self 
constituted itinerant. 



208 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

That was a decade of heated discussion and controversy 
over denominational belief; instead of gospel, sermons 
were controversial and often personal — Bosea Ballou and a 
few others leading in the Universalist creed and about all 
other Protestant ministers as zealously opposed. Debates 
and discussions were general in New England. 

Dodd's meetings were thinly attended, being held in the old 
Court House ; the proprietors declining to open the doors 
of the old Machias Church. The only woman who appeared in 
Dodd's meetings was Mrs. Mary, wife of Capt. Geo. Burnham. 

With the wide spread revival of 1840-'41, under Rev. 
John Carruthers, when conversions were reported by 
hundreds in neighboring towns, and the entire community 
awakened to religious conditions, the Universalists of 
Machias organised a society and hired Rev. James A. 
Milliken, a young and zealous preacher, who became the 
first resident pastor. Mr. Milliken's ministry continued 
over ten years with some vacancies, when political dis- 
sensions arose over the slavery question, interest waned and 
Mr. Milliken removed from the town. 

The next preachers were Rev. Amos Hitchings, Rev. M. 
Leighton and Rev. David B. Byther who held occasional 
services. In 1868 Rev. Silas Rawson became resident pastor 
until 1874. Mr. Rawson was succeeded by Rev. Wm. E. 
Gaskin who was the resident pastor of the church in 
Addison ; Mr Gaskin preaching in Machias a quarter of 
the time for one year. Later Rev. Manley B. Townsend 
came remaining two years and in 1896 Dr. Selden Gilbert 
succeeded to the pastorate, continuing 'til 1899. Under his 
ministry a church was organized of thirty-live members, 
and a church building erected at a cost of $11,000. The 
church was dedicated in 1898. Dr. Gilbert resigned and was 
succeeded by Rev, I. W. Cate 'til 1901, when Rev. Fannie 
E. Austin received and accepted a call to the Society. Mr. 
Cate and his family left Machias for Tokio, Japan, where 
he entered on mission and school work. Miss Austin's 
ministry is attended with success — a united and stronger 
society than at any prevous time. 



209 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



3 I * < 




_5_jI 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 210 

Tu 1869 the Universalis! parish bought a building on 
Courl street and remodeled the lower story making con- 
venienl rooms for worship and Sunday school, tliis was 
used until l v '. |s when the new church was finished and ready 
for use. The new building contains a fine auditorium, a 
parlor, a kitchen, hall used for dining room and when need- 
ed for Sunday-school all on the ground floor. The Ladies 
working Circle an organization dating hack to 1843 occupies 
these rooms in their industrial and social weekly gatherings: 
an organization which gives not only strong financial help 
hut imparts and disseminates Good Cheer and Good Will to 
those who meet and mingle here. 

The records show that the First Universalist Parish was 
organized, dune 7. 1841. The meeting was held in the 
"Bell School house,*' David (J. Wilson President, Zenas 

Wheeler, Clerk. 

Rev. dames A. Milliken introduced the following 
Preamble: — 

We, the undersigne 1 believing that the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ is goo, I News of greal joy to all mankind, and feeling 
anxious to aid in the sup] ort and dissemination of these 
tidings of Salvation, hereby agree to unite ourselves into a 
Society, the better to forward this object, andthemoral and 
religious improvement of ourselves, our fellow men, and 
for the Government of this Society we adopt the following 

Constitution : 

Article 1st. Name: This Soci t_ shall be called the First 
Universalis! Society of Machias. 

Article 2nd The officers of this Society shall be a 
President, Clerk. Treasurer and Collector and an Exioutive 
< lommittee of three persons, all of whom sha'l he annually 
chosen 

Article 3rd : It shall be the duty of the President to pre- 
side at all meetings of the Sooietj for business: Of the 
Clerk: — To keep a record of all doings and accounts of the 
Society, to notify meetings : Of the Collector to collect the 
money subscribed for the use of the Society and to pay the 
same to the Treasurer : ( )f | he Treasurer : To keep and pay 



211 HISTORY OF MACH?AS. 

out the money belonging to the Society, at the order of the 
Executive Committee: Of the Committee: — To transact 
such business of the Society as may be entrusted to them by 
vote of the Society, to employ preachers, to secure room or 
House for worship. 

Article -4: — The annual meeting of this Society for the 
choice of officers, shall be on the first Monday of June 
annually, at six o'clock P. M. : occasional or special meet- 
ings may be held at any time by order of the Committee, or 
upon the Petition of five members to the Clerk, who shall 
duly notify the same. 

Article 5: — No person shall be chosen to any office in this 
Society, who is not an attendant upon its stated worship 
and a contributor to its Funds. . 

Article 6: — All funds of this Society shall be raised by 
subscription to be paid Quarterly. 

Article 7: — This Constitution may be amended or added 
to at any regular meeting of this Society by a vote of two 
thirds of the members. 

The above Constitution was adopted by unanimous vote. 
The permanent organization was completed by the choice of 
David G. Wilson, President, William Smith, Clerk, Lemuel 
(-fay. Collector, and Treasurer: George Burnham, James 
Moore, D. G. Wilson, Executive Committee. 

Attest: ZENAS WHEELER, Clerk. 

The following are names of the members forming the 
original Parish : 

James A. Milliken, David G. Wilson, George Burnham. 
Lemuel Gay, William Smith, Freeman Davis, Zenas 
Wheeler, David Hutchinson, James Moore, Geo. W. 
Marston, Elijah T. Fitts, Dean S. Robinson, Albert P. 
Cushing, Otis Crocker, ^Anthony Fernald, Daniel W. Dor- 
man, Hiram Hill, Albert Pillsbury, A. G. Lane, Ivory J. 
Robinson Sam'l Sears, Marshall T. Hill, Jotham P. Hutch- 
inson, Andrew Foster, G. Handy Longfellow, John 
Chandler. A. F. Parlin. Oliver W. Crocker^ Joseph Allen. 



FIRST SETTLEMEN1 . 212 

Ten years later thirty-two other names wen* added making 
sixty-one registered members. 

The Cornei- St.me of the new Dniversalist ohuroh was 
laid in October, L896. 

The exercises opened with a Selection by the Machias 
Cornet Band, followed by the Doxology by the audience. 
Divine blessing was invoked by Rev. T. J. Wright of the 
M. E. Ohuroh. W. R. Pattangall, Esq., direoted the 
exercises prefaced by remarks. 

The Corner Stone was placed by Rev. Selden Gilbert 
D. D., Pastor of the church; Levi B. Getchell, who super- 
intended building the basement walls, spread the cement, 
who was then eighty years old, skillfully closing the copper 
box. 

Remarks were made by Rev. C. D. Crane of the Cong, 
church, Hon. John C. Talbot. John F. Lynch, Esq., clos- 
ing by audience singing, Nearer my God to thee and bene- 
diction by the Pastor. 

BAPTIST. 

The record is evidence that the Baptists held a meeting in 
the Methodist Church on the 21st day of April, 1858. The 
following shows the origin and order of organization. 

.Machias. April 6, 1858. 

Several brethren and sisters met in the Methodist meeting 
house at seven and a half o'clock P. M. to consult upon the 
duty and expediency of making some effort to form a 
Baptist church in this town. 

The meeting was called to order by Rev. Daniel Dodge, 
Alex'r S. Campbell was chosen Clerk. 

2d. Voted: That we proceed to organize ourselves into a 
Church, and as we wish for the Fellowship of the neighbor- 
ing churches, a Committee was appointed to write to several 
churches in this vicinity, requesting them to send their 
and their brethren to sit in Council with us and 
u-- ; st us in forming ourselves into a Church, -if said 
C incil become satisfied that the time lias arrived when a 
Baptist church should be formed in Machias. 



213 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

3d. Voted: That brethren Rev. Daniel Dodge, Edmund 
Nichols, A. F. Campbell be a Committee to write to 
the Churches. Voted, that brother Thomas Bryant, 
be added to this Committee. 

4. Voted: That the same Committee appointed to write 
to the Churches be the committee to receive the Council 
when convened with us. 

A. F. CAMPBELL, Clerk. 

Machias, April 9. 
Wrote to the following churches namely : East Machias, 
Machiasport, Jonesport, East Harrington, Columbia, re- 
questing them to send their Pastors and other Brethren to 
sit with us in Council, Wednesday, the 21st day of April, 
1858, to assist us in forming ourselves into a Baptist 
Church. 

DANIEL DODGE, Chairman of said Committee. 

Machias, April 21, 1858. 

In compliance with letters missive from the brethren in 
Machias, the following Ministers and delegates met in Ad- 
visory Council, in the Methodist Meeting house in Machias, 
to take into consideration the propriety of organizing a 
Baptist Church. 

The Council organized by choosing Rev. Homes 
Chipman, President, and Rev. Horace Perkins, Clerk. The 
following ministers and laymen were found to bo members 
of the Council. East Machias, Rev. J. L. Sanborne ; 
brethren James B. C. Dyer; East Harrington, Rev. Homes 
Chipman; Dea. Dan'l W. Dinsmore; East Machiasport, 
Rev. Horace Perkins and Dea. Ezra Stevens; West 
Machiasport, Deacon Joseph Trafton. 

After hearing the reasons assigned for the proposed or- 
ganization, and the letters of dismisson and recommendation 
presented by the brethren and sisters (whose names are here- 
with annexed) all of which were satisfactory, the Council 
voted unanimously to recognize the brethren and s r sters 
thus represented (by these documents)as a regularly or- 



FIRST SETTLEMENT. 214 

ganized Baptist Ohurch. Rev. J. L. Sanborne, Rev. 
Horace Perkins, Rev. Daniel Dodge. Rev. Boraes Chipman 
were elected the Committee to arrange the more public 
services of this occasion, who reported the following order 
of exercises : 

1st. Reading the scriptures, Rev. H. Perkins. 

2nd. Prayer by Rev. D. Dodge. 

3rd. Sermon by Rev. J. L. Sanborne. 

Ith. Ohargeand Right-hand of Fellowship by Rev. fl. 
Chipman. 

Voted, to adjourn 'till two o'clock, P. M. 

Two o'clock, P. M. met agreeably to adjournment, and 
proceeded as reported by the Committee of Arrangements 
viz: Reading the Scriptures by Mr. Perkins: Prayer by 
Mr. Dodge; Sermon by Mr. Sanborne. After the Articles 
of Faith and the Covenant were read and acknowledged; 
Rev. Mr. Chipman gave the Charge and Right hand of 
Fellowship to the Baptist church of Machias. After 
prayer, the Council adjourned without day. 

HORACE PERKINS. Clerk. 

April, L858, the following became members: Rev. Daniel 
Dodge, Dorcas F. Dodge, A. F. Campbell, Julia Campbell, 
Amanda T. Campbell, Thomas Bryant, Sarah X. Bryant, 
Anna Tribou, Eliza Bradbury, Hannah Longfellow, Ed- 
mund Nichols, Priscilla P. Nichols, Stephen Knight, 
Benajah Ackley, Ju e 6th, Elizabeth Grovef, Susan P. 
Campbell, Caziah 11. Hadley, Olive Kingsley; July 3, 
Relief Smith, .Mary Tinney, Matilda McLaughlin, Elizabeth 
Chipman, Xenoph<m A. Chipman, Louis \Y. Campbell, 
Lucy D. McLaughlin. Deo. Ith. Rowena E. Chipman, 
James Kingsley, Bomes Chipman 

Feb., 1 S -V.>. Lucy Drew; Sep! I. Sarah Grover, Roscoe 
( letchell. 

The following became members in differenl years later. 
Lorenzo Bridgham.Ann Brilgham; J. L. Sanborne, Aroline 
Sanborne, Joseph Smith, Lucy A. Smith, Abial Preble, 
Sarah Preble, Baskell Preble, Win. II. Preble, Benry 8. 



215 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Bryant, Olive Preble, Lydia Preble, Martha Goff, Lucy 
Hollis, Philena Bryant, Mary Bedford, Sarah Bryant, Ellen 
Morey. 

In June, 1879, the membership numbered one hundred and 
thirteen. 

April 24, 1858 the church called Rev. Homes Chipman to 
be Pastor. The call was unanimous and Mr. Chipman 
entered on his work, May 23, 1858. Mr. Chipman removed 
to Oxford, Mass., where he had a call to preach in 1859. 

Rev. M. C. Burgess labored a short time with the Society 
and on Nov. 18, 1860, was succeeded by Rev. J. L. Sanborne 
as Pastor. Mr. Sanborne clcsed his labors August 1862 
having received a call from the church at Milbridge. 

Occasional preachers labored with the church Rev. 
Melzar Dunbar being one. Meetings were held in the Cong, 
vestry. June, 16, Rev. M. J. Kelley was engaged as 
resident Pastor. At this time some effort was made towards 
building a church, Mr. Nathan Longfellow having offered 
to give the Society a lot of land on North street. 

In February, 1871, a call was given Rev. T. F. White to 
beoome pastor, which was declined. 

Rev. C. C. Long was called and commenced pastoral work 
in August, 1871. Mr. Long continued with the church until 
March, 1884, when the following entry was made on the 
Record. 

"The year 1883 was one of the hard years for the 
Machias Church. The Pastor's labors had closed and we 
had no preaching ; very few took interest in our weekly 
meetings and monthly conferences, so they were much 
neglected but not entirely. Some conferences and some 
prayer meetings were held during the year, but the Clerk 
being absent no dates were kept of the time when they 
occurred. ' ' 

Signed, C. C. LONG. 

Mr. Long was dismissed at his own request in May, 1884. 
No regular preaching is recorded since the above date. 
Occasional ministers have labored with the Society and a 



HIM SETTLEMENT. 216 

few members have maintained the organization. Mrs. 
Abbie Butchinson acted as Clerk in L884 to L894 when she 
was succeeded by Enoch Marston and he by Mrs. A. B. 
Bryanl in April L900. 

During Mr. Long's pastorate a church building was 
erected on the lo1 on Dublin Hill where ('apt. Gideon 
O'Brien's house stood. The vestry in the West end of the 
basement was finished and occupied for meetings several 
years, bul the main building is now standing in an unfinish- 
ed slate ami rapidly falling into decay. 

EPISCOPAL. 

It appears by record that then 1 was never an organized 
mission in Maehias. but services were held for about a year. 
by the Rev. John Philson of the Diocese of Louisiana. 

The late Bishop H. A. Needy was consecrated dan. 25, 
L867; the same year he made a visitation of his Diocese. 

On Sept. 29th he visited Maehias. He baptised at that 

time three adults and confirmed five pel-sons. June 17. L868 

the Bishop again visited Maehias and held services baptis- 
ing two adults and confirming three persons. The first 
meetings were held in the Methodist Church. This be- 
ginning of a Mission warranted him in placing some one in 
charge of the work, and in April, L868, Rev. John Philson 

began to maintain the service which continued without 
intermission so long as he remained in the Diocese. These 
services were held in a Hall fitted up and placed at his d.s- 
posai by Mr. Win. 1 1. Henieiiwav. 

The Hall was in the building once the store of Mr. (Mark 
Longfellow on the West side: on the East side by the 
Maehias Water Power and Mill Co. by the former 'till 
burned in 1870 and by the latter from L842 to l s ") (| or later. 

The Rev Mr. Philson reported in Sept L868, that there 

were twelve families connected with the Mission and fifteen 

individuals in t included in the families. There had been 

fifteen baptisms of adults ami thirteen infants. The oom- 
munioants were seventeen and the attendants at Sunday 

service numbered forty-six. The Sunday School had sixty- 
six enrolled pupi Is. Mr. 1 'hilson reported t hat his charge 
of the Mission terminated April. L869. Bishop Neely re- 



217 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

ported to the State Convention in 1869; — "That the 
Mission at MachiaS was now without services; that Rev. 
Mr. Philson had resigned and the work was hindered by 
various unfavorable circumstances." 

On the other hand, "The unexpected gift of one thousand 
dollars for the erection of a church building, by a lady who 
had not seen her native town, for half a century is a strong 
encouragement for the friends of a Mission to go forward." 

"The building of a church would rerew and restore con- 
fidence and contribute essentially to the organization of a 
permanent Mission." 

The Bishop's reference to the one thousand dollars, for 
the purpose of building a Memorial church in Machias; said 
amount having been donated by the late Mrs. Susan Coffin 
Richards, of Boston, the granddaughter of the late Jutlge 
Stephen Jones, who for thirty years previous to 1816, lived 
in Machias one of its leading and prominent citizens. 

Mrs. Richards in 1868--'69 was in Europe. One day read- 
ing an American newspaper her eye fell on the item telling 
of the visit to Machias by Bishop Neely and thee rganization 
of an Episcopal Mission in that town: hence the gift in 
memoriam of her Grandfather, Stephen Jones. I have in- 
formation through Bishop Robert Codman, successor of 
Bishop Neely, that a "Permanent Trust has been created to 
carry out the wishes of the douor. The income of the fund 
is now used (1903) for the support of church services in 
Washington County, presumably at Calais and East- 
port, until it shall be desirable to erect a building at 
Machias. 

Mr. Richards, husband of the donor, is or was an English- 
man ; lived in Boston several years then removed to Eng- 
land. Mrs. Richards left several children ; a great-grandson 
of Mrs. Richards is the son-in-law of Julia Ward Howe of 
Boston having married Mrs. Howe's daughter, Laura, now 
living in Gardiner, Me. 

The principal supporters of the Mission at Machias were 
Dr. J. W. Murray and family ; Wm. H. Hemenway, Horace 
A. Gould, J. W. Fenno, and families. 



Munidpal Life. 



I 



TALLEYRAND IN MACHIAS. 

N 17U4. Phineaa Bruce, Esq., a resident and the only mem- 
ber of Washington County Bar, Machias, first lawyer, en- 
tertained for two days the French diplomatisl Talleyrand; 
the "Natural son of Capt. Baillac Talleyrand, whoaooording 
to M. Colmache, who published the "Life of Talleyrand, 
leaves his readers to conclude thai the noted Frenchman 
was born "On Mont Dasari in America," and not in France. 

As late as I860 people were living in Machias, who saw 
Talleyrand at Mr. Brace's home. Tt was always understood 
thai he landed at Annapolis or at Halifax and made his way 
overland by way of St. Andrew and St . Stephen to Machias. 

Tin' most sensational feature of the Talleyrand discussion, 
which is by no means new in Maine, is that one embodied 
in an argument drawn by Joseph Williamson. Esq., <>f 
Belfast, the famous Maine historian. He gravely discusses 
the probability of Talleyrand's birth in Mt. Daserl [sland, 
n d his areumeut is so good that it is worth repeating. He 
Bays: In 17l".i. the distinguished French statesman, Prince 
Talleyrand, having been prescribed by the Jaoobins, sought 
refuge in this country, where he remained until the over- 
throw of Robespiere. One account states that he firs! landed 
at Castine, another at Wiscasset, and it is undisputed, that 
during his exile. Thomaston, Hallowell, Brunswick ami 



219 HISTORY OF MACHrAS. 

Portland were visited by him. Some forty years ago the 
New York Courier and Enquirer contained an interesting 
communication from what was said to be a most reliable 
source, claiming that he was a native of Mount Desert, in this 
state instead of having been born in Paris, as all his biogra- 
phers have alleged. The writer asserted that his information 
was derived from Hon. Edward Bobbins of Boston, formerly 
Lieutenant Governor of Massachusets, who died in 1829, 
"a gentleman of extensive information, something of an 
antiquarian, and, whose organ of inquisitiveness was very 
prominent." 

The communication is substantially as follows: 
When Talleyrand was in Boston, in 1794, he was introduc- 
ed to Mr. Robbins, and they became quite intimate. A few 
weeks subsequent to their acquaintance, Mr. Robbins was 
called on business to Mount Desert, in Maine, where, to his 
surprise, he found Talleyrand incog., and on questioning 
him in regard to his business there, he returned an evasive 
answer, and treated him very coldly during his stay. 

The stranger's (Talleyrand) visit caused considerable 
surprise among the few inhabitants of the place at that 
time, and when Mr. R. informed them that his name was 
Talleyrand, a French gentleman of considerable note, who 
had left France on account of the Revolution — that he had 
been introduced to him in Boston, and was surprised to find 
him so shy and indifferent on their meeting and the people 
were as much so, as they had noticed hie strolling about 
the place without any apparent notice. But some of the 
older inhabitants observed that his lameness and walk put 
them in mind of the French boy (as they used to call him) 
who was taken from there about the time of the close of 
the French war. These observations induced Mr. Robbins 
to make particular inquiries in regard to the French boy 
and they informed him that sometime previous to the war, 
a French ship of war came into that place to make repairs, 
and to obtain wood and water; that while there, the captain 
became intimate with a young girl, the daughter of a 
fisherman then absent, which created a scandal among the 



MUNICJI'U, LIFE. 



■220 



little society of tish mongers, and in due time the girl gave 
birth to a child a fine boy. 

Tlic next year the French captain made his appearance 
among them, and Found the mother and son, whom he well 

provided for. and made sonic presents to the grandparents, 
which apparently reconciled them, especially as he promised 
to marry the girl when he should come out the next year: 

but they never saw him again. 

When the boy was about a year old. the mother over- 
turned a kettle of boiling water on his feet, which so curled 
up his toes as to make him a cripple for life. Some few 
years after this, the mother died, and at the close of the war 
or about that time, a French gentleman (not the father of 
the child) came there for the purpose of taking the boy to 
France; but the grandparents would not give him up until 
the gentleman proposed as follows: That he would give 
them enough money to make them comfortable during their 
lives: that the father was dead, and that the uncle of the 

boy was a French nobleman, of immense fortune and had 
promised the father that he would adopt him and bring him 
up as his own child, provided he could lie broughl to Paris; 
which proposals were accepted, and the bey was taken away. 
The correspondent adds: "Since writing the above I 
have seen extracts from the life of Talleyrand, by M. 
Oolmache, as published in Frazer's Magazine, which I 
think are rather confirmatory than a refutation of my relation 
of his birth-place and parentage, otherwise you will plainly 
see, that the reputed parents of Talleyrand have outraged 
all affection, and 1 think from the above statement of Mr. 
Robbins, ami by M. Co I mac he. Talleyrand's private secretary, 
we may conclude that Talleyrand was tin" natural son of 

Captain Baillic Talleyrand, and not the son of the elder 
brother, the Count de Talleyrand, and that he was born at 

Mount I teserl in America. 

Talleyrand died in l s i! s . By his will. his personal 
memoirs were not to be published until thirty years thereafter. 
At the expiration of that time, in L868, Napoleon III ob- 
tained from the heirs a further postponement of twenty- two 



221 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

years. In 1890, therefore, a true account of the testator's 
origin will appear. It may ba added that no settlement is 
known to have existed at Mount Desert during the last 
century before 1762. 

Surely there could lie no more romantic story connected 
with the life of the great Frenchman. 

As confirmatory of the foregoing I give the following : 
In June 1857, I visited the Island of Mt. Desert. 1 tarried 
one night at the home of Nicholas Thomas, town of Eden, 
then probably 85 years old. He claimed to be the first 
white child of English or American parentage born on the 
Island. 

In conversation on early settlement of Mt. Desert, he 
alluded to Talleyrand, the great French Statesman, as hav- 
ing been born at Mt. Desert. 

"The cellar where the house stood in which Talleyrand 
passed his early childhood, is plainly to be seen and you 
are going to South West Harbor, at the head of which is 
the cellar only a few rods from the beach." I visited the 
place and stood on the spot of Talleyrand's birth as told 
by the early island people. 

"Yes" said Mr. Thomas, "my parents and others of their 
generation stated that about 1763 a French vessel came in 
for a harbor, detained several days waiting for fair wind. 
There was on board a well dressed, genteel looking man, 
whether an officer of the ship or passenger, no one seemed 
to know. He was a frequent visitor to the house occupied 
by a French family. Quite elderly people were heads of 
the dwelling. With them lived a grand-daughter of sixteen, 
the mother of the girl having died and the father absent 
probably at sea. The girl was called handsome. The vessel 
sailed and nothing further was known of the craft. A boy 
babe was born, the mother and child remaining with the old 
folks. When the boy was five to seven years old, what ap- 
peared like a merchant ship came into S. W. Harbor 
Another, if not the same well dressed man, soon landed 
quietly seeking information as to whether there was living 
here a child likely to be six to eight years old The search- 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 



22: 



w 

JO 
G 

o 



o 

G 




MUNII [PAL LIFE. 228 

[ng eye of the man was greatly brightened when it rested 
on the boy, a child of Pair proportions, a promising lad. 
Soon it was thai the stranger wanted the boy. The mother 
and grandparents gave no consent, they could not think of 
tin' parting. 

After several unavailable visits to the house, one day the 
man appeared with a small bag in his hand, pleading and 
repeating previous promises of 'Good care' 'a fine school- 
ing' and noble position. Throwing the bag on the floor, 

he whispered, 'you take the bag and 1 will take the boy.' 
Tii. mi it was the child disappeared; the vessel sidled, the 
grand son was not heard from by the old people while they 

lived. 

'The bag contained gold, only the heads of the house 
ever knew the amount. ' 

When Talleyrand was in Machias, he was judged to he 
forty. While at Bruce's he alluded to Mt. Desert, express- 
ing a desire to see the ".Mountain on the Sea." When he 
left, it was told that he went to General Cobb's in Groulds- 
boro, where lie could easily see the mountain, and later 
according to Ex-(iov. Robbins, was met on an apparent in- 
different spoil ; car the place of his birth? 

The Bruce house in which Talleyrand stopped is now 
standing in Machias, on Bruce Street, a picture of winch 
is elsewhere shown in this vol.; owned in part by C. B. 

Donworth, Esq., At the end of thehouse showing windows 
on the upper floor, is the chamber he slept in two nights. 

The size of the room, the window and door are the same as 
they were iD 1794; a coincidence that the house, built in 

lT'.'l by a lawyer, should be owned by a lawyer in 1903, 

members of the same liar.. 

Mrs. Bruce knowing that her guest was a person of rank, 
spread on his bed a new patohwork quill containing one 
thousand squares. 

"After the overthrow of the Terrorists in Paris, Talleyrand 
procured a revocation of his banishment and returned to 
France; entering Paris in March. 1 "*'.»'*». 

"Talleyrand was in the United States not much over a 



221 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

year. He is accredited as the most subtile, shrewd, and un- 
principled of all modern diplomatists; a notorious 
character." 

EDUCATIONAL. 

No mention is made of schools, public or private previous 
to 1785. There might have been schools under the Plan- 
tation or township government, if so they were maintained 
by individuals and private expense as "Family Schools." 

The first appropriation was made in town meeting the 11th 
day of May, 1785, when by unanimous vote "sixty pounds 
of Lawful money, $300, was levied as a tax for the support 
of a school." 

A vote was also recorded, empowering the Selectmen to 
divide the town into as many districts and in such manner 
as they think necessary. 

The earliest record of the selection of a School Committee 
was on May 5, 1790, when Stephen Jones, Geo. Stillman, 
Marshall Thaxter were chosen. 

Previous to 1790 there does not appear any Act of the 
General Court requiring towns to elect a School Committee. 

In April, 1794, the School Board elected, consisted of 
Geo. Stillman, Henry White, Peter Talbot, Wm. Emerson, 
Nathan Pineo. 

The first school house in Machias was built in 1799 or 
1800 ; framed building thirty-five feet by twenty-two feet, 
one story in height. It occupied the lot on Main street, 
where the Donworth block now stands. This building was 
standing in the early thirties. Other school houses have 
been erected but this one retained its historical prestige. 
In April, 1828 a district meeting appointed Obadiah Hill, 
Wm. A. Crockeiy John Holway, S. A. Morse Wm. F. Penni- 
mau. Geo. S. Smith, to sell and dispose of the building. 
John Holway was purchaser. Mr. Holway fitted one room 
for an office which he occupied himself ; also another room 
for a store as a rental. In 1835 Mr. Holway sold it to Wm. 
A. Crocked and on the same date Mr. Crocker conveyed it to 
P. E. Donworth. The last purchaser commenced using 



MUNICIPAL LIFF. 225 

the building at once. He turned it end to the street, made 
additions and used it several years Tor a store and tenement. 
Along in the forties lie made further changes so that only a 
part of the old school house is left as annex to the present 
block. The rear end of the ell is the room where the early 
Smiths, Libbys, Hills, Longfellows, Clarks, and Maehias 
boys of a century ago were lined up for reading, spelling 
and exercises in 'rithmetic. 

The first teacher in this building was Arthur Hill Gillmor, 
a talented young Irishman, an exile from his native land on 
account of political opinions not in harmony with those of 
King George III. In 1786 Gillmor was landed in Little 
Maehias Bay, now in Cutler, in company with two hundred 
or more, being a company of persons, who had made them- 
selves offensive to the home government. The vessel in 
which they were transported was in charge of a Captain 
Napier, who heartlessly put his passengers on shore in the 
woods, not knowing whether they were left there to starve 
or be killed by Indians. Maehias was the only settlement 
within a hundred miles where these suffering people could 
receive aid in way of food and clothing. Gillmor became 
useful as an instructor in families and schools in private 
dwellings in different districts of Maehias and at English- 
man's River, before the school house was built. He was 
a strict disciplinarian, approaching severity. His pupils 
held him in fear and in their later days often were heard 
relating their experiences under Master Gillmor. The late 
Jeremiah O'Brien said he liked Gillmor 's rules of school 
except the "big round rule." 

The "Lower" or Maehiasport district, not to be outdone 
by West Falls, built a school house about the time the first 
one was built at Maehias, as the following, copied from 
the original paper, shows. 

Maehias. April IS, L803. 
To the Selectmen of Maehias: 

We, the subscribers belonging to the Lower School 
District, on the West side of Maehias River, having put up 
a fraim for a School House, and being desirious to finish 



226 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

the same, pray that you would grant us a warrant to call a 
meeting in some suitable place in said district, for the pur- 
pose of agreeing in some suitable measures for finishing the 

said school house. 

EBENEZER GARDNER, 
WM. SANBORNE, 
BENJAMIN BERRY. 
NATH'L PHINNEY, JR., 
JOSIAHPBINNEY. 

The Bell school house was built in 1820; called the Bell 
School because it was the first school building in town 
furnished with a bell. The building was one story ; later a 
second story was added making two rooms. 

Next was the house on Elm street, built in 1821 ; John 
Holway giving the lot, torn down in 1864, and the Hill 
School house, built in 1825, the' late Obadiah Hill giving the 
lot to the town, the same where the engine house on Court 
street is now. These were followed by the Preble, Harding, 
Dublin, Hemmenway, Rawson, also two buildings one in 
West Kennebec and one in East Kennebec district. 

The first Libby Hall school building was erected in 185U; 
burnt in 1858. The present Libby Hall, a fine building in 
its architectural outlines, with rooms on the first floor for 
the High School and Grammar School. Libby Hall on the 
second floor has a seating capacity of swen hundred. 

The town, 1903, has nine' school buildings, affording 
fifteen school rooms. In 1853 a school house was built in 
the Atus district. This was designed to accommodate the 
negro families of that part of the town. A few years later 
the blacks nearly all disappeared by removals and death ; 
the school discontinued and the building removed. 

In 1847 the district system was discontinued, the town 
assuming entire charge of the schools, which proved of 
advantage to the out lying districts, — probably helpful to 
the school population as a whole. The first step in con- 
solidation was when the three districts in the village were 
united, followed soon by all district lines being removed. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 227 

The early residents of Marinas were, many of them, liberal 
supporters of schools. Alter the town was incorporated and 
commenced levying taxes and paying for public instruction, 
individuals and families often employed teachers nt individual 
ost. The following may be taken in evidence. 
Capt. Gideon O'Brien To 

John Edmonds, Dr. 
1792. 
April. To 6 m's. schooling of children, £2. 9. 0. 

1793. 
April.. To 7 m's. schooling of three children, 
at 4 shillings each per month, as pr. 
agreement, £4. 4. 0. 



£6. 13. 0. 



1797. 



Paid May 23, 1793. 
Capt G. O'Brien To. 



J. Greenwood, Dr. 
Aug. 1, To instructing his children twelve weeks, £11. 8. 10. 

I have seen several bills of accounts in which ('apt. 
O'Brien was the payor. After his own children had passed 
school days he manifested interest in other young persons. 
Capt. Gideon O'Brien To 

Charles Angier, Dr. 
L805. 
April, To instructing Benj. Belyter, eleven weeks, $2.75 
Recv'd Pay't, 

CHAS. ANGIER. 

Daniel Upton appears as an Instructor of private schools 

L796 and at times several years later. 
One of Upton's bills reads : 

To instructing your son William and your 
(laughters Nabhie and Rebecca, the one six 
weeks, the other twelve weeks at one shilling pel- 
week. ' ' ' ' 14.50 



228 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

In the early schools text-books were few. Problems in 
arithmetic were products of the teacher, hence original. 
A few of these are yet well preserved in posession of Mrs. 
E. O'B. Harding, the grand-daughter of Gideon O'Brien. 
One of these questions reads : "If Newbury-Port contains 
8728 rateable polls each having to pay eight shillings and 
one and one fourth pence; How much is the poll tax of the 
town?" 

"In 695 guineas and five shillings how many pounds? Ans. 
£9. 7. 5." 

'I' shipped 13 dozen of hats at 7s. 3p. per hat — How 
much is their amount?" 

7. 3. 
12. 



4. 


7. 0. 
12. 


52. 
4. 


4. 0. 

7. 0. 



Answer. £56. 11. 0. 



"Bought from Capt. White 7 yards baize at 9s 6 p per 
yard, — How much did it amount to?" 

9. 6. 

7 



£3. 6. 6. Answer. 



A merchant at London received from his correspondent 
in Flanders £784. 16. 4. Flemish money for the exchange 
£925. 13. 4., English money. I demand how many shil- 
lings in English money is equivalent to one pound Flemish. 
This problem is solved in detail and the resultant answer, 
£1. 3. 7. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 229 

Machias, Sept. 2:'., L819. 
Mr. S. A. Morse To 

Susan Grout, Dr. 

To instructing Delia 16 weeks, S2.(X) 

instructing Caroline 14 weeks, 1.75 

instructing Laura 15 weeks, 1.88 

instructing James Pope 6 weeks, .75 



Rec'd. pay't, 



$6.38 
SUSAN GROUT. 



Gad Townsley and his sister Baseba Townsley and N. Coffin 
Farnsworth were teachers in the Hill school house. 
Charles E. Pike in 1830 kept a private school in the Bell 
School house; Tuition $8.00 per term. 

Rev. Stephen D. Ward after his term of service as In- 
structor at Washington Academy was a teacher in Machias 
Schools. 

It seems probable that the same teacher was employed at 
different times, in different districts of the town. The first 
teacher, excepting Mr. Gillmor. was a man by name of John 
G. Taylor, to instruct a school at East Falls. The first 
school house in this village stood in what is now a field, not 
far from the P. S. J. Talbot and Co's. store. There was a 
one story school building on the opposite side of the street 
from the Academy. A brick building stood on the easterly 
side of the street nearly opposite the present town hall, used 
for a school several years; whether built for school use or 
otherwise is not quite determined. 

Later school buildings have been erected at Jacksonville. 
Chase's Mills and Hadleys Lake also good buildings to 
accommodate the school population in the central districts of 
the Town. 



230 HISTORY OF MACH1AS. 

WASHINGTON ACADEMY. 

It appears that there was quite a general interest in hav- 
ing a "County School" in Washington County, manifested 
as early as 1790- '91. 

The following Petition to the General Court of Masv 
sachusetts embodies the prevailing sentiment of the people. 
To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives : 

The petition of the subscribers in behalf of themselves 
and the inhabitants of the County of Washington respect- 
fully shows: that it is with the highest degree of satis- 
faction your Petitioners observe the attention of the Legis- 
lature to the object of spreading the opportunities and ad- 
vantages of Education in the different parts of the State and 
amongst all orders of people. 

Your petitioners reside in one of the most distant counties, 
in a part of the country which 'till very lately has been in- 
habited by native savages. They made great exertions to 
subdue the wilderness and reduce the stubborn soil to a state 
of cultivation. In this, however, they made greater pro- 
gress than in the means of educating their children. In 
accomplishing this end they find difficulties which at present 
they conceive to be insuperable without the aid of Govern- 
ment. 

They therefore, look to the political Fathers with con- 
fidence that neither their distance nor poverty will prevent 
them from receiving the favorable attention of this Honor- 
able Court; and pray that an Academy may be instituted 
in the town of Machias, where exertions have for sometime 
been making for that lourpose, and that some of the un- 
located lands in these parts may be granted for the support 
of such Institution ; that wisdom, knowledge and virtue 
may find their way and be generally diffused amongst the 
children and youth of this distant part of the Common- 
wealth ; and your petitioners in duty bound will ever pray. 

ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. 
PHINEAS BRUCE, 
THEODORE LINCOLN, 
JOHN FOSTER. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 231 

These men all prominent in social, political and pro- 
fessional life; Col Campbell, soldier and jurist, representing 
the Narraguagus valley, Phineas Bruce, a learned lawyer 
of Macbius; The dore Lincoln, son of G-en. Benj. Lincoln 
of the Revolution, of Dennysville; John Foster, active in 
trade and mercantile circles, of Eastport, probably not four 
other men in the ( Sounty of larger influence could have been 
selected for this important work 

From th ■ in si pi "it steps of this effort in behalf of popular 
Education there seemed to be no thought for location except 
in the town of Machias. Dies not this show the strong 
hold the old town had on its neighbors? Also the prepon- 
derance of its population, location and patriotism; aside 
from the fact that it was not only the first town incorporated 
in the County but Bast of the Penobscot river. 

Let it be remembered that Machias, West Falls, had been 
settled only twenty-eight years and East Machias, East 
Falls, but twenty-six years; and innumerable hardships had 
been endured, including seven years Revolutionary war in 
which the town was no idle spectator. 

The Act of incorporation and endowment were granted 
promptly; no doubt aided by Mr. Bruce, who had been and 
was at the time a member of the General Court from Machias. 

A grant was made of township No. eleven, known since as 
Cutler. There were very few if any settlers in the territory, 
but valuable for its forests of timber, mainly spruce. In 
]~ { X\ the township was sold two thirds toJ. Coffin Jones, one 
third to John Peek, for twelve hundred pounds, or about 

forty cents per acre. By some peculiar, financial trans- 
actions the amount realized was reported in August, L802 
to !)■ $5j It This by careful husbanding seventy years 
lat t ha 1 i:i • ea led to upwards of $25,000 all carefully in- 
\ sted. This speaks well for the Trustees and a great deal 
for its long line of Treasurers. 

For various reasons no effectual move was made to secure 
a building and locate the school until L823, thirty years after 
the incor] orati n. 

One | rovisi n oi the act allowed the trustees to use the 



232 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

income of the fund to support a school when and where they 
should see fit. Room was secured in a private dwelling in 
winter and in the old church in summer at West Falls and 
Daniel P. Upton was employed as teacher. This plan after 
two or three years was discontinued in 1810, and no further 
movement appears on the surface to again open the school, 
until 1823. 

In 1811 the Trustees concluded that the people of "Wash- 
ington County, whatever else they wanted did not want 
means of an Academic Education placed within their rea^h," 
making this a public announcment. 

One of the Board said, — "They seem to think that they 
can get on well enough in the three R's. with Master Gill- 
mor and Taylor, supplemented by birch and the big round 
rule to impress in memory." 

In 1823 new life was infused in Academic interests. West 
Falls and East Falls, each village wanted the Academy in 
earnest. A contest was on, not only between the hamlets 
but included nearly every settlement in the county. 

Pecuniary aid did not seem stinted. Several towns com- 
peted for the school. Gideon O'Brien of West Falls offered 
$2,500 if the Academy should be located in his village. 
Twelve of the leading citizens of East Falls volunteered to 
expend $4,500 in a building the plan of which to be furnish- 
ed by the Trustees. These men also offered to guarantee 
board of non-resident pupils at prices to be fixed by the 
Board. 

Jabez Mowry of Lubec, then a prosperous resident of a 
prosperous town, guarantied a donation of $2,000, and board 
of students for four years at one dollar and fifty cents per 
week. 

The Trustees after careful deliberation accepted the gen- 
erous offer of East Falls, the school building was erected as 
per contract, and on Sept. 8, 1823, with Rev. Solomon Adams 
as Preceptor. He was twenty-six years old, a graduate of 
Harvard and Andover Theological Seminar"., recently 
married; Mrs. Adams, a beautiful woman, who combined 
with her husband's cultured life in the school room or tout, 



MWNICII'AI. LIFE. 



233 




Washington Academy— Easi Machias. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 234 

in social and religious circles constituted and maintained a 
"school of good manners," as has been well said by one who 
remembers the first teacher, "The superior qualities of 

Preceptor Adams fitted him to render the greatest and most 
diffused service in the Academy town and adjacent villages." 

His dignity of presence, commanding courtliness, grace 
of manner *and speech lent impression to all he said. The 
rough hoys of the two villages received lessons for reflect ion 
though at times apparently unheeded. 

Notwithstanding his graces, the hoys feared him, for 
scarcely a wrong act or uubecoming speech no matter where 
committed or spoken he would learn of it. then Followed the 
searching examination and scathing rebuke 

In the classes were boys fitted for College like Samuel 
Harris. Peter Thatcher. -John O'Brien, Stephen Talbot. At 
first Mr. Adam's salary was $600, the latter years of his five 
years service he was paid SToO. From East Maohias he 
removed to Portand, next to Boston, where he died in 1870. 

Rev. Stephen D. Ward of BloomfieldN. J., succeeded Mr. 
Adams in 1829 and Mr. Ward by Samuel Harris a recent 
graduate of the school, and (me of its most distinguished 
students. Mr. Harris was followed by Samuel H. Shepley, 
"a fine scholar and successful disciplinarian." Next to 
Shepley came Richard T. Searle, when Samuel Harris was 
recalled to till the Preceptor's chair the second time, succeed- 
ing Mr. Searle. Dow, Fish, Johnson, Temple, Baldwin, 
John (\ Caldwell were preceptors, the last ranking as one 
of the best of the later years. Mr. Caldwell commenced at 
the age of twenty-two and continued nine years. His pupils 
liked him. and he was popular with the people. He had the 
faculty of arousing "intellectual awakening" and desire 

for better things. Other teachers have been Herbert M. 

Heath, hoiy 11. Robinson. Henry K. White, A. Sherman 

1 1 arriman. 

At aliotlt the time Mr. Dow left the school the Trustees 

ooncluded to close it for an indefinite period. 

The opening of Academies at Cherryfield and Calais; the 
High School Bystem established in nearly all the larger 



235 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

places ill the county, operated to detract interest from Wash- 
ington Academy. When the Legislature provided that all 
towns in the State where Academies were located could 
make arrangements with the Trustees, and secure the use of 
the Academy, by compensation to the Academy as agreed 
upon, instead of maintaining a High School in the same 
town, gave the Academies a new lease of life which was 
realized by Washingtqn and similar schools in other 
Counties. 

In recent years Washington Academy has had fair at- 
tendance by non-resident students. 

An Athletic field has been provided recently and will 
serve in a measure to give members of the school a pleasant 
play ground. 

At the Centennial of the Academy in 1892 Hon. A. H. 
Gillmor of St. George, N. B., was a participant. His wife 
was a native of Whiting, Me., Miss Hannah D., daughter of 
Simeon Howe, she a graduate of the Academy. Mr. Gllinor 
was a grandson of the old teacher A. H. Gillmor and 
named for him. When a young man he married Miss Howe. 

At the centennial he was called up for a speech, 
responding happily. One of his sentences reads, "But on 
the whole I am glad I got acquainted with one of the girls 
who was a student of this Academy, — even if she does cheer 
whenever the great American Eagle claps' his wings." He 
continued, — "Both my grandfathers were natives of the 
Emerald Isle ; both my grandmothers were natives of 
Machias." 

Mr. Gillmor died April 13, 1903. He was a member of 
the Canadian Senate, and had been at his home in St. 
George, N. B. on a vacation, and died suddenly in the car 
at McAdam Junction when on return to Ottawa. 

His uncle A. H. Gillmor, son of the old Machias 
teacher, attended the Centennial celebration of Machias, 
May, 1863. 

Here is seen the tie that binds to the native heath. 

Washington Academy students have been no light factor 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 236 

among leaders of thought and action in various lines of 
effort; -distinguished way marks for seventy-five years in- 
fluencing the religious, educational, mercantile, financial 

and political life, strength and power of the Nation. 



Commencing in ls^ii and continuing at intervals for 
twenty years, or Longer, there were select schoolsjin Machias 
for girls and private schools. Some of the teachers of the girls 
schools were: Misses Hannah Dunning, Elizabeth Dun- 
lap. Lucy Rockwood, Caroline Metcalf, Emma Porter. 

Miss Dunlap was daughter of Robert P. Dunlap, Governor 
of Maine, L832-'34. 

.Miss Metcalf was at the head of the Wheatoii Seminary 
several years after leaving Machias. Miss Porter was the 
daughter of Rufus K. Porter, Esq. 

Some of the teachers of the public schools in Machias 
were Wm. W. Rice, Erastus Willard, L. Q. C. Bowles, 
Frederic A. Pike, Harry Whitcomb, Joseph D. Bugbee, 
Joseph A. Thacher, Joseph Odell, Francis Coffin, Charles 
A. Merrill, Geo. C. Bent, B. J. Hinds, Charles F. Johnson, 

A. .1. Whitney, D. L. Wormwood. Among the teachers in 
East Machias in the early days of the town were: John 

B. Hillard, Urban L. Hitchcock, Peter T. Harris, Miss Sarah 
Harris, Rev. S. B. Lowell. 

East Machias expended for schools in L896 $2,657.74. 
Whitneyville tor schools in the year l s '.i."), $757.49. 

M-chias in 1 SS 1 expended on schools $4,236.71. In 

1<K il. $5,388.80. 

In 1878 there were in Machias over one thousand children 
of school age. In L890 there were 835. In L902 less than 
600. 

PUBLIC HIGHWAYS AND OTHER THINGS. 
The expense of opening roads through forests, bridgeing 
brooks and rivers, cost the early settlers hard labor. Not 
much was done in this way in the first ten years of Plan- 
tation life. Roads were made on which to draw Nigs and 

fire WOOd and for man. years these were utilized by the 



237 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

settlers in crossing lots between neighbors and between 
different districts of the township. 

The first account of taxes to be used in road building was 
in 1780. The Plantation assessors committed a bill to 
George Sevey, his district being from Bonny Brook to 
Samuel Scott's, 

Samuel Scott was the largest payer, £4. 13. 2. 

Japhet Hill. 3. 1. 2. 

Samuel Hill, 1. 5. 2. 

There were several other small payers.. 

Until 1820 travel was mostly by water. Boats of small 
tonnage were in use. Machias being located midway be- 
tween the Narraguagus region, and the Quoddy district, 
gave it opportunity for trade and business quite superior. 

The original Town Landing, over which the sail loft now 
stands, and landing place of the first sixteen, was kept open 
and kept in condition for use by the town 'till 1840. 
Wharves and buildings soon after covered the spot. Several 
years later the town opened a landing for public use a few 
rods below the Phenix mill. This was maintained 'til 
along in the sixties when Mr. Win. H. Hemenway built the 
long wharf from his mill down to Middle Rock. Since that 
the town has had no public-. Landing. 

Ox teams supplanted boating ; horses took the place of 
oxen, so that oxen and boats have disappeared as means of 
conveyance. 
To Mr. James Brown : 

Sir, — Please to call upon the within named inhabitants, 
to work or pay their tax as may be laid upon them by the 
Assessors, for the benefit of the Highways. Your District 
is from Benjamin Foster, Jr. 's, at Quaker's Eddy, up to 
Eastern River and from thence up to Gardner's Mills, as 
the road shall be laid out. 

The sum total was 25 pounds, David Gardner, Jr., being 
the highest in the list of sixteen names, <£3. 16. 4. 

R. H.BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

April IV), 178B. 



MUNII [PAL LIFE. - ; > s 

The same authorities issued their Warrant the same 
season to Daniel Meserve, whose District was "From the 
Falls to opposite t!u' Rim, as the rba Is shall !>• Laid out." 
Twenty names appeared in this Warrant Morris O'Brien, 
his sons Jere, John, Gideon, William and Jo,— Job Burn- 
ham heading the List with a tax o£ £5. 8. 11. Richard 
Gooding appeared in this list. 

Mr. Win. Emerson, same month and year wes authorized 
to collect Road tax. — his District from Mr. Sanborn's to 
the Falls (don'1 say Western or Eastern Falls, in either of 
the Warrants, ) as the roads shall be laid out. Nathaniel 
Phinney led the List, £3. 1. 6. 

In April, 1786, Jai les Beane, a Road Surveyor's District 
was "From Benjamin Foster, Jr's., at Quaker Eddy to 
Eastern River and from thence up to Gardner's Mills, as 
the road shall be laid out for this year." There were six- 
teen persons assessed in his list, David Gardner, Jr., being 
the highest, £3. L6. 1. New names appeared: James 
Brown, Joseph Hill. Samuel Putney, Gamaliel Damon. 

Mr. Geo. Sevey's District EromBonney's Brook to Samuel 
Scott's. 

Asbell Barnes. £0. 18. 0. 

Ebenezer ( S-ardner, 1. 1 v . 1. 

Robert Mmison, 0. 18. 0. 

Geo. Sevey, 2. 3. 2. 

Joseph Munson, 1. 12. 4. 

Henry Griffiths, 2. 4. 11. 

Joseph Munson, Jr., 1. s 0. 

Daniel Boyt, 1. 9. 

MarkSc.tt. 1. 4. 8. 

Japheth Hill. 3. 1. 

Jesse Scott, 1. *>• 

Samuel Hill. 1- 

Samuel Scott, 1. L3. 8. 

Aaron Hanscom, 1. '■'<■ I 1 '■ 

Sir: It is the Selectmens desire thai you call on the 
above mentioned persons to work on highways and mads 
within your district, to work oul the amounl <>|' the sums 
Bet against their names respectively, allowing each person 
nine shillings per day, and six shillings per day for each 



239 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

yoke of oxen, that you direct to be employed, and yon will 
make return of this Warrant, and your doings thereon, 
unto the Selectmen as soon as you have completed said 
Business, with the names you have of each person and the 
sum which may be deficient. 

JAMES AVERY, Town Clerk. 



The following additional credits are noted : Jesse Scott, 
— lday £0. 13. 6.; Japhet Hill— six days, £2. 18. 6. 

One road Surveyor seemed to have a different class to 
collect from this year, 1786; His Warrant reads: "When 
there is a sale of property for taxes, "If any there be, be- 
sides the sum assessed and necessary charges for taking and 
keeping the distress, you are immediately to restore to the 
owner, and for want of Goods and Chattels on which to 
make distress (besides tools or implements necessary for his 
use and occupation ; beasts of the plough necessary for the 
cultivation of his improved lands and utensils for house- 
keeping necessary for upholding life ; bedding and apparel 
necessary for himself and family) for the space of twelve 
days, you are to take the body of such person, so refusing 
and neglecting, and him commit to the County Goal, there 
to remain until he pay the same or such part thereof, as 
shall not be abated by the Assessors, for the time being or 
the Court of the General Sessions of the Peace for said 
County. Given under our hands and seals, by virtue of a 
vote of said town aforesaid," this 21st day of April, 1788. 
JAMES AVERY, ) . 

JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, } 



Notwithstanding the hard times 1776 to 1786 and later 
the tax payers made fairly good record in raising money for 
the Minister, for Schools and repairing meeting houses at 
West Falls and East Falls. In 1784 the town voted 86 
pounds for the Minister, 60 pounds for schools. In 1786 
same amount was provided for the Minister and 80 pounds 
for schools being an increase of about $100. 



Dr. 




£86. 

237. 
141. 


3. 2. 

7. 2. 
( .). 11. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 240 

It appears that in town meeting, or in Settlers Meetings 
to transact what passed fur Municipal business from earliest 
sett lenient to 1 s 00 or later, the territory of the town having 
been divided, by vote of the settlers or by aol of the 
Assessors, into four districts, when monies were to be collected 
a Collector was appointed for each District, instead of one 
Collector for the entire town. 

During years 1775, 1788, a period of "distressing times," 
it app< ars by record that only one assessment was made on 
polls and estates. Nathan Longfellow. Jr., was Collector 
for West District, and a settlement for the four years 
was made by the Selectmen late in 1788, as the follow- 
ing shows. 

NATHAN LONGFELLOW, JR. 

17s>. School and Minister. 
17^">. Amount of Bills, 
17 — . Ain't of Bills, 

465. 0. 3. 

Cr. 
Paid to Treasurer £326. 12. 11. 

Coin's, allowed on collections, 16. 16. 0. 

Additional commissions allowed, 11. 7. 7. 
Paid to Treasurer, 23. 0. 7. 

377. 1. 1. 
Abated, 3. 4. 10. 

381. 1. 1. 
Uncollected, £83. 19. 2. 

EPHRA1M CHASE. (East District) Dr. 

17^r>. Sohool and Minister tax, £62. 1. <>. 

L786. Amount of Bills, L72. 4. 16. 

234. 8. 11. 
Cr. 
L785--'88. Paid Treasurer. £159. 3. 7. 

Commissions allowed, 11. 14. 5. 

17i). L8. o. 

Uncollected, £63. 10. 11. 



241 . HISTORY 


OF MACHIAS. 










JOHN FOSTER, 


Dr. 










1788. Amount of Bills, 








£83. 


6. 


1. 


Cr. 














Paid Treasurer, 
Commissions 




£34. 
4. 


15. 

3. 


7. 
4. 
— 38. 


18. 


11. 


Uncollected, 








44. 


7. 


2. 



WOODIN FOSTER, Dr. 

1784. Minister's Money, £30. 16, 9. 

Cr. 
Paid the Treasurer, £26. 13. 7. 

Commissions Allowed, 1. 10. 10. 

— — — 28. 14. 5. 

Uncollected, 2. 2. 4. 

In 1786 a school tax was assessed on polls and estates for 
benefit of schools. The custom seemed to obtain of raising 
money for schools separate from other municipal appropri- 
ations. Peter Talbot, Jon'n Pineo, Amos Boynton were 
Assessors and the amount raised in all was £34. 13. 8. In 
this list appear Col. Benj. Foster, Peter Talbot, Win. 
Tupper, Ephraim Chase, Samuel Rich, in all sixty-four 
persons, all men, Col. Foster the highest at £1. 8. 4; of 
this only about fifty per cent could be collected as the 
list of abatements show made in 1790. 

The first "Town Pound," for impounding cattle "taken 
up" as trespassers was built in 1786, and on the fifth day of 
April the following contract was signed by Stephen Smith and 
Stephen Jones, two of the Selectmen of the town of Machias, 
for and in behalf of said town on the one part and Joseph 
Getchell, Jr., John Berry and Jonathan Pineo, all of said 
Machias, of the other part, witnesseth ; that the said' 
Getchell, Berry and Pineo agree to build a Pound, with 
round timber; forty feet square, the timber to be all pealed, 
well locked together at the corners, and the upper or top 



MUNICIPAL UFF. 242 

pieces treenailed with a two inch treenail; also, to make a 
four foot door, and the timber well secured each side the 
dour; the whole to be done in a workmanlike manner, and 
the said Stephen Smith and Stephen Jones do promise to 
pay the said Getohell, Berry and Pineo, the sum of ten 
(10 pounds. ) by an order upon the town treasurer as soon as 
said work is completed. 

STEPHEN SMITH. 

STEPHEN JONES. 

JOSEPH GETCHELL, JR., 

JOHN BERRY, 

JONATHAN PINEO. 

Silvanus Sevey in May, 17S7, was assigned a district and 
appointed road Surveyor with directions to collect 25. 2. '.». 

His list contained forty-eight names, among them Nathan 
Andrews, James Brown, Moses Elsmore, John Davis, Col. 
Benj. Foster, Wallis Fenlason, ' Iv.tate of Shannon," 
Joseph S'vey, Joseph Hill, Eleazer Hathewav, George 
Thompson, Capt. John Underwood. Jonathan Woodruff. 
The Selectmen by James Avery, Town Clerk, instructed 
Mr. Sevey to call forthwith upon all the names mentioned 
in his District, but the limits of the District were not 
defined, but evidently included some part of Eastern River. 

Machias, Dec. 4, 1788 
Highway work done from Falls to Foster's. 
Dec. 4. 



Esq. Jones, 


)! men 1 day 


( 'apt. Smith, 


1 man 1 


Job Burnham, 


'2 men I 


Stephen Smith, Jr.. 


1 " 


Joseph ( ietehell. 


1 " 


Jona'n Pineo, 


2 " 


Joseph Foss, 


1 " 


.John Berry, 


1 • 



213 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



Nathan Longfellow, Jr., 


1 da : 


Benjamin Foss, 


1 " 


Dec 5. 




Enoch Waterhouse, 


1 " 


Joseph Getchell, 


2 " 


Nathan Longfellow, 


1 " 


N. Longfellow, Jr.. 


1 " 


Capt. Smith, 


1 " 


Stephen Smith, Jr., 


1 " 


Esq. Jones, 


3 " 


Six oxen. 


* " 


John Berry, 


1 " 


Jona'n Pineo, 


2 " 


Benjamin Harmon 


1 " 


Wescoat, 


1 " 


Dec. 6. 




Esq, Jones, 


3 " 


Capt Smith, 


1 " 


Job Burnham, 


1 " 


Oxen, 


1 " 


Daniel Stone, 


2 " 


Oxen. 


1 " 


Fillip Clark, 


1 " 


Marshall Thaxter, 


1 " 


Thomas Thorpe, 


1 " 


Dec. 8. 




John Crocker, V 


1 " 


Widow Hill, oxen, 


1 " 



S. Jones | day of self looking out Road. 
Rum equal to 2 days work — 14 shillings. 



In 1877, Dec. 5th, James Avery, Town Clerk, by order of 
the Selectmen furnished Deacon Joseph Libbee with a tax 
Warrant of £15 17. 7. to be expended on the highway ; 
District from "Your mill to Samuel Cates and from your 
mill to Mr. Sanborn's. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 244 

The scarcity of writing paper, as well as many kinds of 
goods caused them to be expensive from 177<> to 17 ( .)<). more 
especially during the War: illustrated by this Warrant, with 

the list of names assessed, the instructions to the Surveyor; 
also return made in due form on the back; the piece of 
paper used is eighl by three and a half inches. 

Stephen Jones, Esq., duly 28, 17 ss . addressed the 
Selectmen, viz: Stephen Smith and Stephen Jones being 
two of the Board as follows: 

Gentlemen: Mr. Joseph Getchell, Jr., did keep a poor 
child for the term of one month in the most difficult season 
of the year, being the month of March, which child was 
afterwards put to Mr. John Crocker's at one dollar per 
week. Capt. Smith and myself thought it wa3 reasonable, 
Mr. Getchell should be allowed a reasonable price for the 
support of said child while with him; and if he had brought 
his acompt in to the Selectmen for the year past he would 
undoubtedly been allowed therefor. 

I am your Humble Servant. 

STEPHEN JONES. 



T<> Mr. Job Burnham of Machias, County of Lincoln: 

You are appointed by the town of Machias one of the 
Surveyors of highways for the present year. We do assign 
you as your Disrict, the several Roads about the Western 
Palls, on the Northern side of the river and part of the 
bridge aross the river, and you are to call upon and warn 
the persons in the annexed list, to work out the sums set 
againsl their names, respectively allowing each person six 
shillings per day, and same for each yoke of oxen that may 
be employed by your directions. 

Y"U will give six days notice to each of said persons 
name 1 in your list, of the time and place where such persons 
are to work, also inform him the amounl of what he is 
assessed in your said list, which you are to do in writing if 
the person demands it; and you are to make return of this 



245 HISTORY OF MACHIAS, 

Warrant and yonr doings thereon on or before the first day 
of October next, with the return of the name of any person 
that refuseth and neglects to work as aforesaid. 

Given under our hands this 26th day of May, 1789. 
STEPHEN SMITH ^ 
JAMES AVERY )■ Selectmen. 

PETER TALBOT. 



The list of payers numbered sixteen; among them a few 
new ones, Patrick Connors, James Dilloway, Geo. Conner- 
ly, Thomas Doyle. 

Mr. Burnham made due return of the Warrant. 

May 18, 1789, Amos Boynton made return of road work 
done for the previous years, as being "unsatisfied;" Peter 
Talbot, Gideon O'Brien, David Longfellow were Assessors. 

The pole tax this year was one shilling live pence, and the 
tax assessed covered the years 1386, '87, '88 and '89, amount- 
ing to £180. 1. 6. The list contained eighty-three names. 
There must have been considerable accession to the 
population since the close of the Revolution, as many names 
in Mr. Boynton's book appear as not having been before 
assessed. Elijah Bowie, John Betile, Stephen Johnson, 
Est. of John White appear, while John and James 
Crocker Joseph Getchell, Sr., and Joseph Getchell, Jr., 
Daniel and Solomon Stone, make three separate property 
partnerships and appear so assessed. 

In May, 1789, the Selectmen, Stephen Smith, Chairman of 
the Board, assigned to Geo. Sevey, one of the road Survey- 
ors a district as follows r "From Japhet Hill's to Samuel 
Scott's and from thence to James Avery's at the Rim. 
Several new names appeared in the list for this year, viz : 
James Hickey, Mathew Small, William Davis, Barnabas 
Crosby, Wm. Tegue. 



60. 


• > 


2 


16. 


l:;. 


6. 


8. 


10. 


0. 


1. 


7. 


('». 


t). 


12. 


0. 


1. 


14. 


5£. 


2. 


12. 


10. 



MUNII rPAl UKK 2-16 

Machias, October 12, 1789. 
An accompt of taxes collected and whom paid to, by 
order of the Town T sasurer for the years 1785 and 1786, 
viz : 

Paid to the Rev. James Lyon, £44. 9. II. 

Samuel Rich, 
Capt. Benj. ( 'rocker,*^ 
" " Peter Talbot, 

.aron Banscom, 
Eben Grardner, 
" Samuel Holmes, 
the Treasurer himself, 

136. ::. I 1 ,. 
To the Gentlemen, Selectmen of Machias. 

JOHN FOSTER, Collector. 

On the 26th of May. L789, Wm. Emerson was furnished a 
load tax lisl ; iris districl as assigned from "Samuel Holmes 
to Benj. Fosl sr, 9r's. Mr. Emerson's return to the Select- 
men was. -Machias, Jan. 10, 1794, "Returned to the Town 
Clerk." 

ctor of taxes made the following re- 
turn of hi the Selectmen : 

Machias, Oct. 12, 1789. 
>cted of the Town tax. 44. 12. 11. 

Paid to Col. Stillman (Treasurer) and Mr. Lyon, 40. 15. 2. 

Machias, October 20. 1789. 
This may c irtify thai on a settlement of the account 1). 'tween 
the town of Machias and Mr. Stephen Parker, there is due 
to said Parker, the sum of seven pounds, three shillings, and 
interest from the last day of last February. 

STEPHEN JONES, 
JAMES AVERY, 
Committee for settling the town's accounts. 



247 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Machias, April 19, 1796. 
Received on account of the within an order from the 
Selectmen on the town treasurer for five pounds, one shill- 
ings, lawful money. 

STEPHEN PARKER. 

Also, eight shillings and nine pence afterwards added. 

STEPHEN PARKER. 

May, 1789, Joseph Getchell, Jr., was appointed road 
surveyor; his District was from Japhet Hill's to the Middle 
River bridge, and from thence to Doctor Chaloner's. (Dr. 
Chaloner's house was on the Corner of Broadway and Court 
streets, where J. A. Coffin's now (1903) is. Twenty-nine 
residents were called on by this list to work on the roads ; a 
few new ones, London Atus (blackman,) Wm. Webber, 
Michael Dowdell, John White's Est., Noah Mitchell, except 
the White Est., these men were assessed for only a poll tax. 

This year Daniel Stone, a road agent, had a district from 
Middle River to Bonney's Brook. Only nine persons were 
assessed as appeared by his Warrant, which was on a piece 
of paper eight inches by four in size. Mr. Stone was faith- 
ful in his trust. He returned his Warrant to the Selectmen 
as directed; in it stating that a certain sum had been 
"Brought from Pineo's Bill to satisfy my bill for what was 

behind hand." 

DANIEL STONE. 

November 2nd. 

In April, 1789, the Assessors were called upon by the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, under provisions of an 
Act of the General Court, in terms so direct and forceable no 
chance for evasion or neglect was omitted. 

Treasurer's Office, Boston, July 20, 1789. 
The two Branches of the Honourable Legislature, being 
impressed with a sense of the embarrassments and evils 
that this Commonwealth are involved in, by reason of the 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. "248 

delay of the Collection and paymenl of the Public Taxes, 

directed the Treasurer by their Committee, at the last session 
of the General Court, to enforce the payment of No. 4, -~> 
and 6 taxes, and not by any means admit of any further 
delay. And whereas Executions have in general been issued 
against the Collectors of the two former taxes, which 
Executions will not be renewed again, only in unavoidable 
cases; the Treasurer hereby notifies the Collectors of the 
latter tax (viz: No. (i) in the County of Lincoln, which in- 
cluded Machias, that unless, at least, three fourths of said 
tax, shall be by them paid into the Treasury, on or before 
the thirtieth day of September next, he shall be under the 
necessity of issuing his Executions therefor, in order to 
justify his conduct to the General Court, at their next 
session, on the principles of the foregoing Resolve. 

ALEXANDER HODGDON, State Treasurer. 

The assessment for the State was thirteen thousand two 
hundred sixty-two pounds, one shilling; Machias' pro- 
portion being Eighty. five pounds, sixteen shillings, ten 
pence; set on the Land of the Heirs and Assigns of the late 
Brigadier Waldo!" The rate of assessment fixed by the 
State was two per cent. 

The order in the Warrant defined the duties of the town 
Assessors and read: "You are to assess the male polls above 
th-ageof sixteen years, within your respective town or 
other place, including negros and mulattoes, and such of 
them as are under the government of a master or mistress, 
to !>e taxed to such master or mistress respectively, in the 
same manner as minors and apprentices are taxed, at five 
shillings and five pence each. " This severe Warrant bears 
date of Ajril 10, 1788. 

With no money except Continental issue and this so de- 
preciated, that it took fifty dollars in value of it to pay for 
a pound of tea in Machias; with the fact already recorded 
that many of the subscribers to Rev. .lames Lyon's salary. 
had set down "Four pounds, payable in lumber;" others. 
even one of the Deacons of the church, added to his 



249 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

signature, "Three pounds or so much thereof as I shall find 
myself able to pay;" School teachers not paid, schools 
suspended and seasons of "great distress" prevailing; is it 
a wonder that the inhabitants prayed the General Court for 
abatement of taxes so onerous V 

Money— yes, there was money in abundance, bags full of 
it and pocket books well rounded out; as an Indian said, 
"Not much good money — me no want it. " 

Boston traders caught on to the idea of a largely de- 
preciated currency and in exchange for lumber when they 
could get it, for fish, furs, etc., they flooded the Province of 
Maine with both fervor and freedom before the good people 
of the Province, Machias included, had arrived at 
realization of the true condition of Continental "Promises 
to pay." 



Town Machias To 

Stephen Smith, Dr. 



1790. 



January 3. To two days looking and running- 
out Road from Samuel Holmes 
t Eastern River, i'0. 12 0. 

To making maps in April, 0. 18. 0, 

To taking care Munson children 

and putting them out two clays, 0. 12. 0. 
July 7. One day laying out roads and 

report thereon, .0 6. 0. 

To running Road up to Gardner's 

and to Mr. Scott's 0. (i. 0. 

Dec. 2. To one day mending road to middle 

rock, 0. 6. 0. 

£3. 0. 0. 
Or. 

By order on trustees or Selectmen, j£0. 18. 0. 

Due. £2. 2. 0. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 250 

Tn town meeting held at Eastern Falls, April 5, 1790. 
The third article in the warrant was to sec if the Town would 
grant a sufficient sum of money to pay the Rev. James 
Lyoir his salary Eor one year. 

At the same meeting at two 1\ M. the inhabitants gave in 
their votes for Governor, Lieut. Governor and one Senator 
for the County of Lincoln. William Albee, constable, 
served the Warrant. 

At the above meeting it was announced that the town was 
in debt to Rev. James Lyon, "deficiencies in salaries, dating 
back fourteen years, in the sum of £900; — Also. that, the 
town debt was upwards of £2,000 or aboul $10,000! Also, 
that in the previous spring. 17 S 'J. a freshet carried off the 
boom at West Falls, by which three thousand logs went in 
to tide waters most of which became a total Joss! Loss of 
Logs, damage to mills and dams was estimated at £()00. 
Calamities often come in pairs, as the town records disclose. 

In the summer of 1788 a fire swept off two double saw 
mills, a grist mill with a large quantity of boards and other 
valuable lumber. 

During the Revolutionary War the people of Machias 
endured untold privations; communication with Boston was 
almost entirely suspended, there was no demand for lumber, 
so that very little lumbering was done for an entire decade 
or longer; the saw mills were neglected and run down, taxes 
could not be paid, schools were abandoned, when all these 
were followed by fire and freshet only the stoutest hearts 
held on in hope to the end ! 

A town meeting was called to assemble at Eastern River, 
the 21st of June, 17 ( J0, at ten o'clock before noon by James 
Avery. Gideon O'Brien, Stephen Parker, Selectmen. The 
second article in the Warrant was, To see if the town will 
consent, that the "Court of Common Pleas" and the Court 

of Genera] Sessions of the Peace, may be held at the meet- 
ing house al the Western Palls, 'till County Buildings are 
erected? Consent was obtained by unanimous vote and the 
County Courts were held in the Chureh for many years. 
George Stillman was a mad Surveyor in 1790. His 



251 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Warrant called for .£38. 14. 3. Much of the aggregate was 
abated. In his list were several for only a poll tax; viz.: 
Frederick Singley, Henry Griffiths, Andrew Mann, Joseph 
Munson, Stephen Dow, Daniel Scott, Anthony Pepper, 
John Darby. 

Miss Hannah Hill appears in Mr. Stillman's list for 
£2. 6. 7. When Mr. S. made return of his doings to the 
Selectmen, he made marginal notes : ' 'Singley sick ; 
Griffiths ditto, Mann gone before the bill was made out ; 
Old Mr. Munson good for nothing to work ; Daniel Scott 
moved out of my Disrict." 

Jeremiah O'Brien filled the office of road agent in 1790. 
There were several of these high-way surveyors; in all the 
Warrants pounds, shillings and pence are used except in Mr. 
O'Brien's and in his the amounts are placed in dollars and 
cents. We know of no reason for this, except that one set 
of Warrants were made by one of the Assessors and one 
Assessor made the other or by a different member of the 
Board. 

Received of Capt. Chase, Collector, in part payment of 
the sum of twenty pounds, nine shillings and six pence, 
which he is ordered by the Treasurer to collect for me, the 
sum of sixty pounds, sixteen shillings and five pence. 

JAMES LYON. 

Machias, March 30, 1791. 

June 7, 1791, Capt. Gideon O'Brien was furnished with a 
Warrant (on a printed blank) defining his road district,— 
From Joseph Libby's Mills to Chandler's River road and 
the road leading to Little Kennebeck and half of the Dublin 
bridge so called. His list contained the following names: 
Jeremiah O'Brien, Daniel Meserve, Jr., 

Gideon O'Brien, Morris O'Brien, 

Jeremiah Phinney, John O'Brien, 

Patrick Annas, Joseph O'Brien, 

Patrick Aly wood, Ezekiel Libbee's Est., 

Richard Earl, Francis Miller, 

Bart Bryant, James Smith, 



MUNICIPAL l.H'T. "i.Vi 

John Biliter, Edward Clark. 

Joseph Clifford, Josepb Deering, 

James Flynn, David I hinn, 

Ladwick 1 tolway, Roband Elliot, 

Joseph Libbee, Morris Shaey. 

Daniel Meserve, .John Holmes, 

All in the list worked out in lull. 

GIDEON O'BRIEN. 

In 1T.M this Petition to the Selectmen is on Record : 
To the Seleotmen of the town of Machias: 

Sour Petition of the Subscribers show: That they are 
inhabitants of the town of Machias and qualified as the law 
directs to vote in town meetings; pray that a meeting may 
be called, as soon as may be, to reconsider a vote passed 
the last town meeting respecting money to be used for the 
support of a school, and in duty hound, shall etc. 
Win. Ohaloner, John Crocker, ^ 

Parker Clark, John Scott, 

Marshall Thaxter, Stephen Smith. Jr., 

Stepl en Smith, Samuel Hill, 

Amos Boynton, Joseph (his x mark i ( tetchell, 

Job Burnham, Joseph Getchell, Jr., 

Jonathan Pineo, Benj'n. I his s mark) Harmon. 

The following Warrant issued for drawing jurymen is one 
of the official transactions. 

Agreeable to a venire facias to me directed by the Clerk 
of the Court of Common Pleas and general Sessions of the 
Peace, for the appointment of Jurors. 

I hereby require the Freeholders and inhabitants of the 
town of Machias, to assemble at the meeting house, at the 
Western River, on Thursday, the 8th day of September 
next, at ten o'clock before noon, to be present at the 
appointment of six Petit Jurors, which are to serve at the 
Court of General Sessions of the Peace and Court <>f Com- 
mon Pleas, to be holdeii within and for the County of Wash- 
ington, for September term next. 

(iiven under my hand, at Machias. this thirtieth day of 

August, L791. 

MARSHALL THA XT KK. Constable. 



253 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

The following petit jurors, "good and true men," were 
drawn, — Joseph Hill, Enoch San borne, George Seavy, 
Aaron Hanscom, Jr., Tilley Howe, Eben'zr Gooch. 

Drawn according to Law, Sept. 8th, 1791, in presence of 
the Selectmen. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, T. Clerk. 

Machias, March 30, 1792. 
This may certify that there is due from this town of Machias 
to Stephen Jones, Esquire, on the settlement of his 
accounts with the town this day, the sum of thirty pounds, 
thirteen shillings and two pence, to bear no interest from this 
date 'till paid. 

JAMES AVERY, 
JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, 
Committee for settling the town's accounts. 

April 6, 1794 : Recieved three pounds, eight shillings and 
two pence in part of interest on within. Later, no date. 
Received the within balance in full. 

July 31, 1792. 
Highway bills not yet returned of taxes unworked. 
David Gardner, Jr., 1785. 

Nathan Longfellow, 
Aaron Hanscomb, 
Benjamin Foster, 
Jonathan Pineo, 
Daniel Meserve, 
Samuel Holmes, 

Amos Boynton, 1786. 

J. Brown, 
George Sevey, 
Jonathan Pineo, 
Daniel Meserve, 
Benjamiu Gooch, 
Win. Emerson. 

Solmon Sevey, 1787. 

Timothy Libbee, 



MUNICIPAL LIFE 
Daniel Hoit. L787. 

Jeremiah ( >' Brien, 

|).-i\iil Longfellow, 

Danie Stone, 

Amos Boynton, L788. 

E. Waterhouse, 

Mark Scott, 

Samuel Holmes, 

(Jit Icon O'Brien. 1789. 

Daniel Stone, 

Solomon Sevey, 

Jul) Burnham, 

Joseph Getchell, 

Joseph Libbee, 

Stephen Mwuson, 

George Sevey, 

Jesse Scott. 

Joseph Getchell. 1790. 

Xath'l Phinney, 

Benjamin Foster, Esq., 

Q-ideon O'Brien, 

Marshall Thaxter, 

James Gooch, 

Wallace Fenlason, 

Geo. S. Stillman, 

E. Waterhouse, 1791. 

George Sevey, 

( Kdeon O'Brien, 

Parker Clark, 

Peter Tal hot. 

Ebenezer ( Gardner, 

Ebenezer ( toooh, 

Nath'l Phinney, 

Samuel Holmes, L792. 

Aaron llanscom. 

( Kdeon < >'Brien, 
John Foster, 
Benj. Harmon, 



254 



255 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Jeremiah O'Brien, 1788. 

Abijah Foster, 
Aaron Hanscomb, 

The following notice to delinquents was issued, by the 
Selectmen to the different road Surveyors. 

Sir : — Your bills for the years , to work on the high- 
ways are not returned. If they are not completed, you will 
notify the persons that are deficient that if they do not work 

out the tax by , at which time you are to make return 

of your Warrant ; they will be taxed in the next together 
with the next Assessment. 

In the first town meeting, 1792, a Committee was chosen, 
to receive and examine all accounts, claims, etc., against 
the Towing, growing out of service done, provisions fur- 
nished the poor, earthworks built and articles furnished 
during the Revolution and years after. The committee were 
given power to issue certificates on the town Treasurer for 
amounts allowed as per settlement. ' ' 



Machias, March 30, 1792. 
This may certify that there is due from the town of 
Machias to James Avery, Esq., the sum of twenty-seven 
pounds and four shillings, on balance of account this day 
settled, to be on interest 'till paid. 

STEPHEN JONES, 
JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, 

Committee on town accounts. 



Machias, August 16, 1792. 

Received on account of the within an order on the 

Treasurer for seven pounds four shillings. 

To the town Treasurer, — Please to pay the balance due on 

the within obligation. 

Selectmen for 1795. 



MUNICIPAL LIKK. 



256 



Machias, March 30, 1792. 
This may aertify that then 1 is due from the town of 
Maohias, to John Prince, Esq., sixty-two pounds, two 
shillings three pence on balance of acconut this day Bettled, 

to be on interest "till paid. 

Committee on Accounts. 

April 1st, 1794. 
Received an order on town treasurer for seven pounds, nine 
shillings and one penny for two years interest on the with- 
in obligation. 

STEPHEN JONES. 

December 30, 1794. 
By order on Messrs J. and A. Crocker for forty pounds. 
Received the within balance in full. 

STEPHEN JONES. 

May 30, 1793. 

James Avery, Esq.. was appointed highway Surveyor 
by Benjamin Foster, James Avery, two of the 
Selectmen. The Warrant informs him that his "District is 
from the Rhim to East River Bridge, from a so called 
Darby Brook 'till it comes in to the Rhim road and the road 
between that and the river partly cleared out the last year." 
Mr. Avery's list contained forty names, among them some 
new tax payers — viz: Win. Cooper, Barney Lyons, Moses 
Dowdell, William Webb. Andrew Brown, Wm. Davis, 
Ebenezer Turner, Win. Fryer, Samuel Goodale, Thomas 
Mitchell, [saao Taylor. 

Win. Ellis Smith July. L794, was chosen one of the road 
Surveyors his Warrant defined limits to be "From the 
center of the bridge across the main river at Western Falls 
including all the roads on the North side to the deep gnlley 
on the middle river road" Benjamin Foster and James Avery 

Selectmen. Forty-one rate paver.', were in his Warrant in- 
cluding Leading residents. John Cooper, Phineas Bruce, Dr. 
Wm. Chaloner, Job Burnham, Parker Clark; also Elisha 
White. John Edmunds, Abel Douglass, Cyrus Swan, London 

A t us, Samuel Ellis, 



257 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Jonathan and David Longfellow Estates tax, £0. 18. 5., 
Henry White, £3. 8. 1. ; also White's Point" 3s. 6p. 
total tax, of H. White £3. 11. 7. The highest tax was 
Stephen Jones, £&. 14 3. 

In December Mr. Smith returned his Warrant to the 

Selectmen stating. — This may certify that each and every 

person has worked or paid the within taxes and that I have 

applied the whole within sum to the use of the Highways. 

WM. ELLIS SMITH, Surveyor. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
Washington, ss: 

To Nathaniel Phinney, Jr., one of the Surveyors of high- 
ways, for the town of Machias in the County aforesaid. 
Greeting : — 

Your district as Surveyor is on the road commencing on 
the south side of Enoch Sanborne's to the West line of 
Daniel Meserve's lot. 

You are to amend the highways and public roads and 
repair all bridges in your district, as far as the money in 
your list will extend, by calling upon and warning all 
persons therein named, to appear at such a time and place 
as you may appoint in your district, to work out the full 
sum they are so taxed, allowing each person for a full day's 
work, he finding implements for working as you find 
necessary and direct, six shillings and for each yoke of oxen 
with yoke and chain, as you find necessary, four shillings 
per day. You are to give four days personal, previous 
notice of the time and place each person is to appear, to 
work out his tax, or leave the sum at his dwelling in writing 
and have personally sworn to give a minute of the same in 
writing if required. If any person warned to work out his 
tax prefers paying the money for the amount for their tax, 
you are to receive it and have good men in their stead, not 
to exceed the wages afore mentioned. You are to make 
return of this Warrant with an accurate return of all persons 
that worked out their tax. those who paid money and how 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 



258 



laid ,,ut and those who refused to or uegleoted to work, on 
( .r before tin- first day of December ae :t. 

Each neglect of years subjects you to pay the sum of 
three pounds fine which will be rigorously prosecuted. 

Given under our hands and seals the thirtieth day of May. 
anno doinini. 17'.):}. 

STEPHEN JONES, [ S(>1(1( . llmM1 
WM. CHALONER, | &eleotmen< 

JAMES AVERY, I Vssessors 

GEORGE STILLMAN, J Assessors - 



List of Work. 








Enoch Sanborne, 


£2. 


5. 


8. 


John Sanborne, 


0. 


18. 


0. 


John Day. 


0. 


14. 


8. 


Benjamin Berry. 


0. 


15. 


6. 


Xath'l Phinney, 


1. 


9. 


8. 


Nath'l Phinney. Jr., 


0. 


L6. 


8. 


Josiah Phinney, 


0. 


17. 


10. 


Samuel Cates. 


1. 


0. 


8. 


Jacob Palmer, 


2. 


4. 


5. 


.John Palmer, 


0. 


12. 


0. 


Joseph Libby, 


2. 


9. 


6. 


Solomon Meserve, 


0. 


L8. 


0. 


Daniel Meserve. 1 


2. 


13. 


8. 


Daniel Meserve, Jr., \ 









Machias, December. 1793. 
Received of the several persons within this list for their 
highway tax and laid old for purposes afore mentioned, 
received and worked out on the roads in this Warrant. 

District before mentioned. 

Due from Solomon Meserve, £0. <*>. 1. 
Due from Jacob Palmer, 0. 2. s . 

All persons have been Legally warned by me. 

NATHANIEL PHINNEY, Surveyor. 



259 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



Marshall Thaxter, was one of the Road Surveyors in 
1793. The amount allotted to him for collection was 
X50. 19. 8. In these early times they had several ways of 
working out road taxes as will be seen by the following 
accounts. 



Job Burnham, 


£1. 


16. 


0. 


Daniel Libby, 


1. 


12. 


3. 


Stephen Smith, 


1. 


8. 


11. 


Marshall Thaxter, 


1. 


7. 


2. 


John Kelly, 


U. 


18. 


4. 


Reno Belfounten, 


0. 


14. 


0. 


Arthur Grilmore, 


0. 


12. 


6. 


Jona'n Longfellow, Jr., 


2. 


3. 


4. 


Mathias Tobey, 


0. 


13. 


10. 


Daniel Libbee, 


0. 


19. 


8. 


James Avery, 


1. 


4. 


0. 


Parker Clark, 


0. 


18. 


9. 


Amos Boynton, 


2. 


2. 


10. 


Noah Mitchell, 


0. 


12. 


0. 


Samuel Burnard, 


0. 


12. 


9. 


Win. Ellis Smith, 


0. 


15. 


8. 


Henry Watts, 


0. 


10. 


4. 


William Bryant, 


0. 


12. 


0. 


Consider Drew, 


2. 


6. 


4. 


Benj'n Berry, 


0. 


15. 


6. 


Seth Harvey, 


0. 


12. 


3. 


Isaac Hanscom, 


0. 


17. 


10. 



Several other names are on the list but time's effacing 
fingers have left stronger marks than paper and ink can 
show. More than one hundred and ten years have passed 
since Surveyor Thaxter received from and returned to the 
Selectmen account of the work assigned to him to do. The 
following credits are plainly written on the fly leaf of the 
sheet of paper which contained the Surveyor's limits, his 
instructions and the law of road making and repairing as 
known in the then progressive State of Massachusetts. 

June 24, 1793, rate payers were credited, viz : Abi jah 
Foster, 3 days work men ; two days of oxen — five days. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 260 

Samuel Scott, three daysman; two days oxen — five days. 
P. Oonners worked three days for Josiafa Barris. "Pepper" 
for Dunn three shillings. Robert Munson sis days man; 
one half day oxen. James Avery six shillings. June 25, 
Theodore Scott boy one day one yoak oxen. J. 

Scott, one day ten shillings. Samuel Rich, and two boys 
one day twelve shillings. William Cooper, one day six shill- 
ings. Isaac Hanscom, six shillings. Peter Talbot, one gallon 
rum, three shillings. Now "Pepper" appears again on 
June 28, for Billman, six shillings. Probably Pepper was 
a laborer who sought jobs of work from different residents 
but no evidence appears to show that he was black or red. 
Aaron and Natlvl Hanscom, Daniel Hoit and John Darby, 
appear with credits as having worked out their taxes like 
good citizens. 

The first piece of turnpike built in Machias and no doubt 
the first in Washington County if not the first piece East of 
the Penobscot River in Maine was commenced at or near 
the East end of the present long, dyke bridge, extending 
one hundred rods toward East river, by Daniel Hoit's. 
Nath'l Sawyer then about eighteen, made the contract with 
the town at one dollar per rod. He had no ox help, no plow 
only with axe, pick and shovel ; a resolute will and good 
muscle; but he often declared, "thai was one hundred days 
well put in and one hundred dollars earned by the sweat of 
the brow." The toll bridge where Sawyer made the turn- 
pike in IT'.M. had not been built, but a kind of ferry was 
employed and- this only when half or full tide prevailed. 
.Mr Sawyer kepi a tavern in the town of Cooper in later years. 

Samuel Holmes as road Surveyor made return of doings 
July 18, 1793, evidently not entirely satisfied with his list 

of names, as he wrote on a fly leaf, "T have worked twenty 
days of of the within bill myself." 

The aggregate of his bill was 610. 3. 7. .Mr. Holmes own 
tax being £1. L2. 5., being exceeded by Enoch Sanborne 

by foul pence. His district limits was from "Mr. San- 

borne's, to the Falls. (West) as the road shall hereafter be 

laid out. " 



261 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

There were thirteen free holders taxed in this list, among 
them Isaac Farnsworth, one pound, one shilling, eight 
pence. John Underwood, E. Woodbury, John Wattson 
Est. of A. Sprague appeared in the list. 

John Sevey, Road Agent, in July, 1794, was assigned — 
' 'Your district is all the Roads from West Lake to the North 
side of James Avery's district. " The town voted to allow, 
each man six shillings per day and four shillings per yoke 
of oxen. In Mr. Sevey 's list a few new names, settlers who 
had come from Massachusetts or Western Maine; Stephen 
Hall, Eben Smith, Daniel Scott, were called to provide in 
cash or labor a few shillings each in the work for better 
roads. Wm. Fenlason was largest payer, £1. 17. 7; Eph'm 
Chase, XI. 16 9. ; Isaac Andrews, £1. 16. 7. ; Daniel Emer- 
son had the smallest assessment, only one shilling. There 
were but eighteen names and six of these were abated the 
entire tax. Eben Smith married a Miss Farnsworth sister 
of late Ichabod Farnsworth of Jones boro. He moved from 
Machias to Jonesboro, later to Columbia, the district 
known as "Saco" where he had a farm, was interested in 
lumbering, at one time part owner of the mill machinery 
on Saco Falls probably in 1835 and later. The late Maj. 
Harrison Smith, Russell Smith, Eri Smith the last now 
living and others were sons of Eben and the numerous 
Smith families of Columbia, Columbia Falls and Addison 
are his decendents. 

The following is copied from the original Muster Roll of 
Capt. Gideon O'Brien's Company of organized Militia 
May 6, 1794. 

Gideon O'Brien, Captain. 

Jonathan Pineo, Lieutenant. 

• Joseph Getchell, Ensign. 

John Kelly, Clerk. 

Benjamin Harmon, ^| 

Josiah Phinney, <^ , 

Jacob Longfellow, f k S • 

Daniel Meservey, J 

Isaac Longfellow, Drummer. 

Win. Chaloner, Jr., Fifer. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 



2G2 



Privates. 
Henry Watts. 
Eliakem West, 
Jonathan Longfellow, 
Stephen Smith, Jr., 
Ellis Smith. 
John Day. 
John Belighter, 
Ellis Drew, 
Benj'n Foss, Jr., 
Joseph Foss, 
Jonathan Pineo, Jr., 
Jani"s Lyon, Jr., 
Simeon Crocker, / 
Samuel Cates, 
Nath'i Phinney, Jr , 
Jirah Phinney, . 
Edward Clark, 
Daniel Hoit. 
Joseph Meservey, 
Jacob Palmer, 
Daniel Libbee, Jr., 
Samuel Clark. 
John San borne, 
Win. Sanborne, 
Eliaha White, 
George Flynn. 
Joseph Dearing, 
Elias Waterhouse, 
Enoch Waterhouse, Jr., 
John Darby, 

Jacob I'cnniman, 
John Kilmoiuls, 
Cyrus Swan. 
Michael Swan. 

Simon Elliot, 
Thomas Miller, 



Privates. 
John Berry, Jr., 
Benj'n Berry, 
( Mis Pineo, 

.J. Wheeler Crocker, ^ 
Samuel Hill, 
Phillips Clark. 
Jonathan Berry, 
William Flynn, 
Thomas Thorp, 
Noah Mitchell. 
Lemuel Berry, 
John Palmer. 
Daniel Palmer, 
James Miller, 
George Seavey, Jr., 
Michael Dowdel, 
John Drew. 
Benj'n. Waistcoatt, 
Andrew' Hovey, 
Elish Tobey, 
Matthew Tobey, Jr., 
Enoch Longfellow, 
I )avid Pineo, 

Jonathan Longfellow, Jr., 
Josiah Fitzhenry, 
William Scott. 
( teorge Pineo, 

Thomas Doyle. 
Israel Foss. 
John Holmes. 

Samuel Phinney, 
Samuel Bryant, 
John Clark, 
Joseph 1 >"M\ 
Wm. Batsford, 

Francis Matthews. 



263 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Enoch Waterhouse May 26, 1795, was furnished with a 
list of road tax payers, his limits being from "The center 
of Middle River Bidge to Bonney's Brook, so called."' 

There were eighteen rate payers in the list, Mr. Water- 
house the largest at £1. 18. 2. He was called on to pay for 
three Polls. Benjamin Foss, 3d, was the only single poll 
tax, being nine shillings. 

James Avery and Stephen Parker, Assessors, June 21, 
1797, placed a Warrant in Wm. Ellis Smith's hands, one of 
the Road Agents, calling for $168.40 from forty-five rate 
payers. In this list were some of the earliest settlers of the 
town, — Wm. Albee, John Cooper, Silas Turner, Stephen 
Smith, Job Burnham, Henry White, Jonathan Longfellow, 
M. Thaxter, Phineas Bruce, Consider Drew. Mr. Smith's 
Limits were all the roads from the Meeting House in West 
Falls to the Middle River bridge, half of that bridge, half of 
west Falls bridge and all other roads laid out in these limits. 

Town of Machias To 

Stephen Jones, Dr. 

1795. 
July. To eight weeks board of Mr. Clark 

Brown at 8 shillings per week, £1. 4. 0. 

To cash paid Mr. Brown for eight 

Sundays, preaching as a candidate, 12. 0. 0. 

19. 4. 0. 
Credit. 
By the town treasurer's order on Jacob 

Longfellow, one of the Collectors, 5. 0. 0. 

By ditto order on Stephen flunson, not paid, 5. 0. 0. 

Debtor : Town of Machias to Stephen Jones. 

1792. 
March 30. For their Committee's certificate 

of this date, 30. 13. 2. 

1794. 
March 30. Two years interest on ditto, 3. 12. 3. 

£34. 5. 5. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 2<\i 



April J. By order on Treasurer in part for 
interest to that period, 
Remains at this time, 
17'. »7. 
April 30. To three years and one 
month's interest. 



To your Committee's Certificate 
to John Prince, Esq., dated 
March 30, 1792, 

Two years interest on above, 



£3. 
30. 


17. 


L2. 

•> 


5. 


1 1. 


21 


40. 


a). 


"n 


62. 

7. 


2. 
9. 


3. 

1. 



69. 11. 



1794. 

Mar. 30. Credited by two years interest 
paid. By order on town 
treasurer April 4, 1794, 7. 9. 1. 



62. 2. 3. 



Dec 30. To interest up to that time, 

nine months, 2. 15. 10| 

64. 18. If. 



The following shows amounts drawn by the several 
Districts, in 1795, for the support of schools. 

Wesl School District, 13. 10. 2. 

Middle " " 32. 9. 4. 

Lower 



Paid to Mr. Haskell, (teacher, | 
Richardson, 

' Smith, 

Emerson, 



East River District, 

Up] er School 1 hstrict. 









L. 


0. 











2. 


5. 


0, 








3. 


0. 


0. 








3. 


L5. 


0. 








L3. 


00. 


0. 


9, 


19. 


6. 








10. 


in. 


0. 








— 


— 


— 


20. 


9. 


6. 



265 

George Stillman. 
the amount of the 
time of payment. 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Machias, May 11, 1792. 
Esq. — Please pay Capt. Peter Talbot, 
within certificate with interest to the 

STEPHEN JONES, 
JOHN COOPER, 

Selectmen of Machias. 



Machias, March 30, 1792. 
This may certify that there is due from the town of 
Machias to Woodin Foster on balance of account this day 
settled fifty-six pounds four shillings to be on interest 'till 
paid. 

STEPHEN JONES, 
JAMES AVERY, 
JEREMIAH O'BRIEN. 
Committee for settling the town accounts. 



ABOUT A SCHOOL. 

Know all men by these presents, that we the undersigned, 
do nominate and appoint Ebenezer Gooch and Ezekiel 
Richardson, as a Committee for the purpose of regulating 
and establishing a school in District, No. 5 in the town of 
Machias, and for receiving such sums of money as is set 
apart by vote of the town for said District : — that the said 
Committee are to employ a Teacher, and such sums as may 
be due to any Teacher is to be paid by said Committee who 
are empowered to draw and receive the fore mentioned 
proportion for district No. 5 from the town aforesaid and 
are to pay said Teacher what wages are agreed on between 
the parties for the time he has or may serve. 

Moses Fenlason, Israel Andrews, 

Nathan Hanscom, Aaron Hanscom, Jr. 

Silvanus Hanscom, 



£13. 


12. 


1. 


4. 


6. 


i. 


18. 


12. 


8. 


5. 


i:;. 


3. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 206 

In the April annual meeting of 1 7'. »7. a special Committee 
made the following report: 

"Your Committee find on a settlement with the Town 
Treasurer, thai there remained in the hands of the different 
Collectors, over and above the amount of orders drawn on 
them by the Treasurer, according to the bills delivered to 
them to collect £70. 12. 8§: — Out of which the Committee 
thought the following abatements ou^ht to be made: 
On Ephraim Chase bills for 17 K o 

and L786, 
On Daniel Meserve's, 
On Stephen Monson's bills 1793, ,( .)4. '95, 
On Jacob Longfellow's, 1796, 

42, 4. 4. 

Remaining m old Collector's hands after subtracting 
abatements. £28. 8.7|. Reduced to dollars is * ( .>4. 77. " 

And your Committee find there is due to the following the 
sums set against their names: 

Capt. Peter Talbot, $39. 1 1 

Nathaniel Phinney, 5.00 

James Avery's orders, 47.11 

Two months salary to Rev. C. Brown. 55.56 

Commissions on S. Munson's bill for 17'.ir>. I 1.08 

Jacob Longfellow Corn's on Ins lulls. 1795, '96, 112.8] 

Benj. Hitchorn, Esq., due him onnote and interest, 136.82 
Stephen .buns, balance due him on his and 

John Prince's obligations against the town. 180.57 

Machias, Sept. L9, L797. 
Received of the Selectmen of the town of Maohias, an 
order on Geo. Stillman, Esq., Town Treasurer for forty- 
eight dollars and ninety-four cents which when paid will be 
in Cull for the balance due me on a Certificate dated March 

30th L792 Bigned by Stephen Jones and .lames Avery Com- 
mittee for settling town accounts. 

.1Kb KM I All O'BRIEN. 



267 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

The Town of Machias To 

Paul Foster, Dr. 

1797. 

April. To warning town officers, $1.00 
To warning transient persons out of 

the town, .66 

To notifying town meeting, 1.00 

1798. 

April. To warning town officers, 2.00 

To notifying town meeting, .50 

To two days warning petty Jury, 3.00 

Machias, March 27, 1799. The Selectmen have examined 
the above account and allowed the sum of three dollars and 
sixteen cents. 

GIDEON O'BRIEN, 
PETER TALBOT, 

Selectmen. 



Town of Machias To 

Gideon O'Brien, Dr. 

1797. 
April. To paid for making coffin for Nancy's 

child, $2.00 

To Sundries delivered to Elisha Allen, 
viz: 4 lbs. coffee, $1.66; 2|yds. 
broadcloth, $5.40, 7.10 

4 yards Baize for lining, 2.00 

\ yard Tow cloth 17c; making 

jacket, 2.00, 2.17 

To Mowhair and thread, 34c ; but- 
tons 33c v .67 



$13.09 



Received payment in full by order on Treasurer. 

GIDEON O'BRIEN. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 268 

Town of Maohias, To 

Win. ( 'haloner, Jr., Dr. 
17**7. 

Making coffin f» >t- Patrick Conners, s;:.<H) 

Paid by order on the Treasurer. 

WM. CHALONER. 



Town of Marinas To 

.lames Avery, Dr. 

17 ( .»7. 
August 23. To two and a half day's taking 

the valuation, $2.50 

To three dav's making taxes at 

Ellises, " 3.00 

To three days at my house on 

taxes, 3.00 

To one day at Parker's 1.00 

To two quires paper used, .66 

To one day making and reeling 

Books, 1.00 

To ore half day at East River 

and one half day at West Falls 

on abatements, etc.. 1.00 



$12.16 



Marl das, Nov. 23, 1797. 
Received of the Selectmen an order on the Town Treasurer 
for seventy dollars and sixty-eight cents, hearing even date 
with this receipt, which order when paid is in full for a 
Certificate, which I hold against the town, dated March 30, 
172, signed by Stephen Jones, Jeremiah O'Brien. James 
Avery and is Li >s1 or mislaid. 

JAMES PLINN. 



269 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



Town of Machias To 

Stephen Parker, Dr. 

1797. 
April, 7--8. Two clays taking valuation of valuable 
property, finding paper and diet. 
18. One day at the Falls on account of 
assessments; Mr. Cooper could not 
attend, nothing done, 
May 17. Three days on Rates, 
June 10. Two days on Rates, 

17. Wrote 9 Warrants on 4| sheets of paper 
to Surveyors of Highways and found 
paper, 
June 19. Finished two quarto books for Collectors. 
June 22. One day on Rates, 

June 2(3. One half day with Mr. Avery at John 
Foster's tu receive complaints and 
rectify anv who are overated. 
June 27. One half day with Mr. Avery at Ellises 
on same business, 

N. B. Self supported one day each time and expense. 



Town of Machias To 

Ralph H. Bowles, Dr. 



1798. 



March. To my services as Town Clerk, for one 
year commencing the first Monday 
in April, 1797, 
To one and one half quire of paper for the 
Town's use, 
To recording thirty one births and deaths, 
8 cents each, 



$17.25 
.40 

2.48 
$20.40 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 270 

Dr. Town of Marinas in aocounl with John Cooper, Cr. 
1798. 

March 30. To cash paid St. Treasurer. $250.60 

To am't of Executions, 293.32 

To my fees on ditto. 20.46 

$564.38 

Balance due town. 25.69 

$590.07 
1798. 

March 30. By cash of Solomon Sevey. 63.38 

" Getchell, Jr., * 59. 12 

"St. Treasurer, 70.00 

"P. Bruce, Esq., 104.00 

Selectmen's orders. 23.32 

$320.07 

Town of Machias to Assessors for 1797, Dr. 

To their services in taking a valuation and assessing 

the town and State taxes, and delivering the bills 

to the Collectors, and a copy to the Clerk, as the 

law directs, Eourl i ra dollars each, $42.00 

.JOHN COOPER, Chairman. 
Machias. March 26, 1898. 



Town of Machias to Phineas Bruce. Dr. 

1797. 
Sept. To paid London Atus for digging agrave for 

black Nancy's child. 

To 3 pecks corn delivered to Mr. Allen. 

To one quarter of beef, weight 86 pounds; 

28 pounds. of rice delivered by Stephen 

Jones, Esq., to Mr. Allen. 
To paid postage of Letters Eor the town. 



$1.50 


1.50 


8.66 


.66 



$12.32 



Received payment of Capt. Gideon O'Brien. 

PHINEAS BRUCE. 



271 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Boston, April 28th, 1793. 
Please pay to the order of Mr. John Peck the amount of 
my demand against the town of Machias for services 
rendered them by contract. 

Your Humble Servant, 

BENJ. HITCHBORN. 

To the Treasurer or the Selectmen of the town of Machias : 
Endorsed: — "Pay the within to the order of Phineas 
Bruce, Esq., for account of John Peck. 

Machias, April 2, 1802. 
Received of the Selectmen of the town of Machias, two 
hundred dollars in full for the within order. 

PHINEAS BRUCE. 



Town of Machias To 

Peter Talbot, Dr. 
1798. 
Dec. To 3 days board and attendance upon John 
Hodson, a poor foreigner unable to 
care for himself, $2.00 

To paid Capt. Paul Reed for carrying said 

Hodson to Boston, 10.00 

To allowed for advancing said sum in 

cash, 2.00 

$14.00 
Paid by Town Order, 

PETER TALBOT. 



Machias, December 5, 17.98. 
This may certify that I, Paul Reed of Townsend Com- 
mander of the Schooner Betsey, now lying at Machias, 
bound for Boston have taken on board a transient person 



Ml'NH [PAL LIFE. 272 

by the name of John Hodson, who appears t<> be in dis- 
tressed circumstanoes, and T promise to convey bim on my 
schooner to Boston and have received of Levi Fairbanks ten 
dollars in full for Ids board and passage to Boston, or some 
other Harbor where T dispose of my cargo. 

PAUL REED. 

Town of Machias To 

Win. A I bee, Dr. 
To boarding Elisha Aden, a Town's 
poor, from first of April, 1797, to 1st of 
April, L798, $52.00 

Received payment in full of the above account. 

WM. aLBEE. 

Town of Machias To 

The Assessors, Dr. 

1798. 

To the services of James Avery and 
Marshall Thaxter, 12 days each, in 
making town road, county and State 
taxes, and making out highway hills. $24.00 

To 1 quires i aper used, this year. 1.66 

$25.66 

Town of Machias To 

Peter Talbot. Dr. 

L798, 
Dec. To clearing out the road from Aaron 
Hanscom's Jr. to the township line, 
Eastward as by the agreemenl of the 

Selectmen, tive miles and one quarter 

at twelve dollars per mile is. $63.00 

To spotting and measuring the above 

town road. 1 L.OO 

74.00 



273 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Cr. 
By an order on the Town Treasurer 
dated July 16, 1798, $50.00 

Deo. 25, By order on the Treasurer for 24.00 

$74.00 
Settled. 

PETER TALBOT. 



Due the town of Machias. 
1798. 

From Jonathan Longfellow's Est., 

dividend, $138.58 

David Longfellow's Dividend, 2.07 

David Longfellow's nine years' tax 25.68 

For Rev. Mr. Lyon's salary, $166.28 

Add to David Longfellow's 
dividend as per second ap- 
portionment, $20.92 
Above is "Extract from Records of Probate." 



Town of Machias to 

Ralph H. Bowles, Dr. 

April 10, 1799 including 1798. 

To my services as Town Clerk for 

one year as by vote of the town, $20.00 

To postage of letters delivered to 

Selectmen from the Post Office, .51 

To recording births and deaths 
that came to- my knowledge at 
eight cents each, 1.44 

$21.95 

Errors excepted. 
Received payment by an order on the Town Treasurer. 

R. H. B. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 274 

A Town meeting held April 6, L801, at the Court House. 

at Western Falls, Selectmen presiding, votes were taken in. 

For Governor Caleb Strong had, ~> s 

Elbrjdge Gerry, 25 

For Lieut. Governor, E. IT. Robbins, 49 

Win. Heath, 24 

For Senators, Alexander Campbell, 7 s 

David Cobb, t5 

Nath'l Duniiner. 32 

Henry Knox, ()2 

Stephen Jones was chosen Moderator; R. H. Bowles, 
Town Clerk. Gi 'eon O'Brien, Jacob Longfellow, Wm. 
Emerson, Selectmen; .Samuel Ellis. Elias Foster, Constables. 
George Sevey was chosen Collector of taxes, for the town 
at a commission of eight per cent. Stephen Parker, 
Phineas Bruce, Gideon O'Brien. Josiah Harris, John 
Foster, School Committee. Other officers as in years past. 
"Votes were given in for Register of Deeds for Washing- 
ton County as follows: For George Stillman, 36; Josiah 
Harris, 30. Also for County Treasurer, George Stillman, 
62 ; Josiah Harris. v . 

Samuel Ellis and Capt. Peter Talbot, were chosen, 
"measurers of grain." 

Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to settle with 
the former town treasurer, Geo. Stillman. 

Voted: For the support of the ministry the 

ensuing year, $333.33 

For the support of the Poor. 210.00 

Town Officers. L85.00 

Contingencies 70; roads, etc., 

L,000, 1,070.00 

Voted to allow |1.50 per day for men ; $1.00 for ox work. 

Voted to discontinue the road leading from East River to 
Daniel Hoits brook Cor the present or until it lie more 
wanted than now. 

Voted: That Col. O'Brien have permission to keep up 
bars and gates across the roads through his fields the ensuing 
year. 



275 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Voted : That Capt. Peter Talbot have the thanks of the 
town for his services as one of the Selectmen for several 
years. 

Voted: That the Selectmen give an order on the Treas- 
urer for the sum of $11.27 in favor of John Roberts, for 
the support of Mary Doyle the last year. 

A town meeting was held at Eastern River the 12th of 
May, 1801, by ' 'the Freeholders and other Inhabitants." 

The Town voted- that it is not necessary to send a Repre- 
sentative this year. At this meeting Phiueas Bruce presided ; 
John D. Folsom was chosen Constable in lieu of Levi Foster, 
who declined serving. 

Ministerial lot sold to John Cooper for,— $12.00 

School lot sold to Win. Chaloner, Jr., 

subject to making a fence, $6.00 

Ministerial Thatch lot sold to Jirah 

Phinney for $1.00 

Voted: That the sum of thirty dollars be raised for 
purchasing standard weights and measures. 

Voted: That Nathaniel Phinney be discharged from 
paying two dollars for the ministerial thatch lot for last 
year. Voted : That the Selectmen post up notifications and 
request all persons, who have demands against the town to 
present them on or before the 23d day of June. 

Among accounts submitted was the following by John 
Roberts: "An account of what Mary Doyle brought to my 
house since last Fall." 

By three tripes, $1.50 

one peck of meal, .38 

" three quarts of molasses, .60 

Two bowles of Tea, 1.65 

two and | bushels of turnips and potatoes, 1.60 

" smoked fish, 1.00 

$6.73 

Debtor. 
To one child boarded at my house nine weeks at two 
dollars a week — $18.00, which leaves a balance due me of 
$11.27, which I ought to be payed. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 276 

The following report made by the. Town Treasurer, 
Josiah Harris, shows in pari the financial standing of the 
town for 1801. 

Town of Marinas Dr. 

For monies received by the Treasurer for 1801. 

Aug. 24. To Selectmen's orders paid Gideon 

O'Brien for ammunition for 1801, $118.75 
To Select men's orders paid Sani'J 

Smith, services as assessor for 1801, 7.50 

Aug. 2'.*. To Ministerial Committee's order ] aid 
Rev. John Fisher being for expense 
printing Mr. Steele's ordination 
sermon. HUH) 

L802. 
Jan. 8. Selectmen's order paid William Chaloner, 1.33 

Mai'. 22. " Josiah Harris, 

Assessors' services for 1801, 41.07 

Mar. 26. Select mens' order paid John Cooper 

same. 22.50 

Select mens' order paid Win. Albee, 

support of Poor, 1 V .2S 

Select mens' order paid Robert Munson, 

ditto. 10.00 

Selectmens' order paid Ralph H. Bowles, 4.36 

David Pineo, 
support of Pool - . 4.14 

Selectmens' order paid Ellis Drew, ditto, 29.60 

" " " *• "Peter Talbot, ditto. 10.67 

To paid Rev. Marshfield Steele on account of 

salary for L801, 50.00 

$358.10 
Balance in the Treasurer's hands. 49.75 

$407.85 



277 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

1801. Cr. 

By cash of Geo. Sevey, Collector, $30.00 

By cash of Geo. Seavy, Collector, 170,10 

1802.— By payment of Wm. 

Chaloner's note, 1.33 

Mar. 20, By money of Geo. 

Sevey, Collector, 194.42 

By money in payment 

of John Cooper's note, 12.00 



407.85 



Thirty dollars of this balance is reserved for the purchase 
of the Town Standard of weights and measures, which 
leaves a real balance against the Treasurer of nineteen dollars, 
seventy-five cents. 

JOSIAB HARRIS, Treasurer. 



The following list of names was accepted and approved 
in open town meeting, April 6, 1801, to be put in the box, 

liable to do service as Petit Jurors. 

Jonathan Longfellow, Jr., Ebenezer Gardner, Jr., 

Stephen Munson, Paul Foster, 

Josiah Phinney, Mathias Toby, Jr., 

Stephen Smith, Jr., Wm. Chaloner Jr., 

Gamaliel Demmcns, Samuel Phinney, 

Joseph Steward, Daniel Palmer, 

Isaac Longfellow, John Holmes, 

George Thompson, George Sevey, Jr., 

Joel Foster, Wm. Ellis Smith, 

Joseph Foss. Abial Holmes, 

Jacob Palmer, Jr., John Dearborn Folsom, 

David Pineo, William Flinn, 

Theodore Scott, Wallace Fenlason, 

John Palmer, , Samuel Scott, 

Nathaniel Phinney, Jr., David Libbee, 

Daniel Meserve, Jr., Isaac Hanscom, 

Robert Munson, John Berry, Jr., 

Benjamin Gooch, Aaron Hanscom, Jr., 



MUNICIPAL LIKE. 



278 



Ebenezer ( l-oooh, 
Josiah Qitohkigs, 
Joseph Libby Meserve, 
I- 1 1 « »oh Longfellow, 
Jonathan Longfellow, 
Joseph Munson, Jr., 
Benjamin I [armon, 
Daniel Libbee, 
Simeon Crocker. 
Samuel Gates, 
Win. Sanborne, 
Ephraim Holmes, 
A.ppollo Chase, 
Enoch Waterhouse, Jr.. 
James Wheeler Crocker, 
Samuel Phillips Clark. 
John Day, 
Daniel Hoit, Jr. 
Nathan EEansoom, 
Joseph Simpson, 
Jeremiah O'Brien, Jr.. 
Daviil Prescott. 



James Holmes, 
John White Drew. 

J. ni.it han Woodruff, 
Samuel Poster, 
Joseph Hanscom, 

Henry Watts. 
Elisha Tobey, 
Daniel Poster, 
Benjamin Berry, 
Geo. Stillman Foster, 
John Sevey, 
William Noyes, 
Israel Hovey, 
Simeon Foster, 
James Foster, 
Silvanus Hanscom, 
Jirah Phinney, 
Arthur Albee, 
Lemuel Berry, 
Daniel Berry, 
David Hodgkins, 



At the same meeting 
ap] roved by the town as 
( lideon < )" Brien, 
Levi Bowker, 

Nathaniel Phinney, 
Jacob Penniman, 
Peter Talbot. 

ph A\erill. 
.Marshall Thaxter, 
Ephraim ( Shase, 
Samuel Bills, 
( I.m irge Sf\ i'\ . 
1 >.micl Meserve, 

• I 9iah Harris. 

( lonsider I >rew, 



the following were accepted and 
Grand Jurors : 

Ephraim Hadley, 

I laniel Hoit, 

Eleazer Hatheway, 

James Flynn. 

Ebenezer ( Gardner, 

Wm. Emerson. 

Solomon Meserve. 

Aaron Hanscom. 

Jacob Longfellow, 
John Poster, 
Em ich Waterhouse, 
• i leph Libbee, 
Ebenezer Inglee, 



279 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Moses Foster, Amos Boynton, 

John W. Foster, Abijah Foster, 

Samuel Smith, Ezekiel Richardson, 

Joseph Getchell, Jr., Elias Foster, 

Jonathan Berry, Levi Foster, 

John Kelley, James Gooch, 

William Chase, Jesse Scott. 



The inhabitants assembled June 18, 1801 to draw from 
the box one man to serve as Petit Juror to the Supreme 
Court to be holden at Castine ; and for drawing from the 
Jury boxes the Grand and Petit Jurors for said town, who 
are to serve at the next Court of Common Pleas and General 
Sessions for the County of Washington in the August term, 
1801. 

Petit Juror for S. J. Court, Joseph Libbee, Grand 
Jurors for County Court, Ezekiel Richardson, Win. Chase, 
Samuel Smith, John Berry, John Kelley, Enoch Water- 
house, Daniel Meserve. 

Petit Jurors for County Court, Jirah Phinney, David 
Hodgkins, Samuel Berry, Arthur Albee, Samuel P. Clark, 
Jeremiah O'Brien Jr. Geo. S. Foster. 



Machias, May 13. 1801. 
To the Moderator of the present Town Meeting. 

Sir: The Law makes it my Duty to provide at the ex- 
pense of the town a complete set of beams, weights, and 
measures according to the State standard, which are to be 
proved and sealed by the State or County Treasurer. For 
every neglect herein I am liable to a penalty of one hundred 
dollars, to be recovered by any individual, who may see fit 
to sue for the same. When it is considered how frequently 
the inhabitants of this town are obliged to buy the 
necessaries and conveniences of life, by unknown 
weights and measures, unsealed and at strange hands, the 
expediency of complying with this Law must appear obvious 
and I should presume would induce the town to 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 280 

appropriate a sufficient sum for the purchase of proper 
standards, even if no penalty was annexed to the neglect of 
it. But as I am personally bound to the Duty and liable 
to the Penalty, and as there is not in the treasury any 
money but what is otherwise appropriated, I must in this 
formal manner request, the Town to Vote a sum of money 
for this purpose. I am with Respect yours and the Town's 

obedient servant. 

JOSIAH HARRIS, Town Treasurer. 

To the Selectmen of Machias. 

Gentlemen: The subscribers are subjected to very great 
inconveniences for the want of a road from Eastern River to 
( Jeorge Stillmans' and from thence into the County road 
near Middle river; they request you therefore Gentlemen to 
view said road, and to lay out one in such way and 
manner as you may think necessary and proper for the 
accommodation of the town and particularly the subscribers. 

GEO. STILLMAN, 
GEO. SEVEY, 
GEO. SEVEY, Jr., 
SAMUEL SMITH. 
The above road was from the Hoit district to East 
Machias and for many years was the only "County road" 
betweeu the two towns. 

Machias, June 18, 1801. 
Gentlemen: We, the subscribers request that you 
agreeably to Law. set oif the town of Machias, into School 
districts, that each District may provide themselves with a 
school home and school master; that the town of Machias 
may not be subjected to pay a tine that the Law inflicts in 
case the same is not done. 

WM. (HA LONER, 
MARSHALL THAXTER, 
JACOB PENNIMAN, 
WILLIAM ALBEE, 
JOSEPH ST TART. 



281 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

To the Gentlemen, Selectmen of the town of Machias. 

The Freeholders and other inhabitants of the town 
of Machias are hereby notified and warned to assemble at 
the Court House at the Western Falls in Machias on Mon- 
day, the 17th day of August, at four o'clock in the afternoon 
for the following purposes, viz : 1st. to choose a Moderator, 
2nd. to choose some suitable person to act in behalf of the 
town, at the Court of General Sessions of the Peace, to be 
held at Machias, within and for the County of Washington, 
on the 3d Tuesday of August Inst. In consequence of a 
presentment of the Grand Jurors for said County against the 
town of Machias, for not having their roads and bridges in 
such repairs as the Law directs. 
Machias August 8th, 1801. 

JACOB LONGFELLOW, 
GIDEON O'BRIEN, 

Selectmen of Machias. 



In the meeting which followed Stephen Jones was chosen 
Moderator. 

Voted: That the Selectmen be the "suitable person" to 
act in behalf of the town, which respects the Presentment 
of the Grand Jurors against the town. 

Machias, Aug. 17, 1801. Meeting adjourned, without 
day. 

Attest: RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

On the 21st. day of September, 1801 votes were cast for 
Federal Representative. 

Hon. N. Duramer had 10 

Phineas Bruce, Esq., 10 

General apathy seemed to cover the town 1799—1800. 
Times were hard ; outlook not encouraging. Only twenty 
votes were cast for a member of Congress, when on like 
occasions years before one hundred or more votes had been 
cast. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 282 

April 17. 1801. Money was voted to be raised to meel 
expenses the ensuing year : 

For support of the Ministry, $333.33 

For support of (own poor, 1 56.00 

For to pay town officers, 86.00 

For Casualties, 60.00 
At this meeting the record shows no evidence of* an 
appropriation for roads. 

The following appears as a record of orders drawn on the 
Treasurer by the Selectmen, for 17 ( J ( .'. 

Order in favor of Moses Foster, as Assessor, s.i.nn 

" " Robert Munson, for Poor, 30.00 

" Josiah Harris, as Assessor, 20.25 

" Samuel Smith. " 7.50 

Jeremiah O'Brien, as Assessor, li.SS 

Aaron Hanscom, Jr., for Bridge, 00.00 

Win. Noyes, for locks for boxes, .75 

" Stephen Smith, Sup'tofpoor, 1.50 

Benj. Waistcoat. " 34.16 

" Jacob Longfellow, " " "JS.oO 

' " Wm. Albee, " " " 104.00 

K. H. Bowles, for town Clerk 

and for recording births and deaths. 24.17 

Pai 1 Mr. Steele ord >r not given, $333.33 

Order to Wm. Emerson as Assessor, 8.00 

678.04 
Commissions for Collectors, 100. (X) 

Expense of ordination of Rev. Mr. Steele, 26.96 

$805.00 

.Monday, the seventh day of Dec. L80] at a meeting in the 
Court House at Machias, votes were received for a Congress- 
man in place of Silas Lee resigned; Phineas Bruce, Esq., 
ived i ! being a unanimous vote. 



283 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

A town meeting was held on Wednesday, March 31st, 
1802, to choose seven men to serve as Grand Jurors at next 
Court of General Sessions of the Peace. The following were 
elected : Ephraim Hadley, James Gooch, Daniel Hoit, Levi 
Bowker, Wm. Emerson, Elias Foster, John W. Foster. 



Town of Machias To 

Jacob Longfellow, Dr;. 

To paying Capt. Dan Elliot for freight 

and truckage of powder, $1.50 

To paid John Roberts, 11.70 

To laying out the roads 2| days, 1.50 per day, 3.75 

To my time and attendance settling the account 

with the Town Treasurer and binding 

out poor children, 3.50 

$20.45 

Machias, March 31 1802. Received payment by an order 
on the Town Treasurer. 

JACOB LONGFELLOW. 



The annual Town Meeting was held the 22nd day of 

March, 1802. The following sums were voted : 

For minister's salary for one year, $333.33 

town officers salaries, 200.00 

" the support of the poor, 250.00 

" the fine for the town not having highways 

in repair. 50.00 

Contingencies, 100.00 

" one half of Rev. Mr. Steel's Settlement, 166.66 

" to build two pounds, 100.00 
" Not to raise any money for schools. 

" the Highways, 1.000.00 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 284 

Voted: That the Selectmen and School Committee be a 
committee to make such alterations in the School Districts 
as they shall think beneficial for the town. 

Voted: That the Assessors for the present year make 
such abatement on Mr. Levi Foster's bill thai he shall lay 
before them respecting the hills given him as town Collector 
of taxes for the year 179li. 

Voted: That the collector of taxes (Geo. Sevey) for the 
ensuing year pay one half of his bill in six months from 
date of his hill, and the remainder on or before the next 
annual meeting. 

Voted: That Colonel (Jeremiah) O'Brien is to have 
Liberty to have his road open through his land by having 
sufficient bars and gates. 

Voted: To adjourn this meeting to the first Wednesday 
in May. then to be holden at the Western Falls at two 
o'clock in the afternoon. 

Notwithstanding no money was voted for schools, the 
following gentlemen were elected School Committee: 
Phineas Bruce. Josiah Harris, John Cooper, Geo. Stillman, 
John Foster, Peter Talbot. Levi Bowker, Stephen Parker. 

At this meeting votes were taken in for State officers: 
Caleb Strong received 96 for Governor; Edward H. 
Robbins 89 for Lieut. Governor; Alexander Campbell l .t7 
and David Cobb 97, for Senators; Phineas Bruce 93 for 
Representative to Congress. 

June 3, 1802, the inhabitants assembled to elect Jurors, 
Gideon O'Brien was elected for the Supreme Court at. 
Castine and Capt. Eben'z Inglee as petit juror. 

For Washintgbn County Court, Daniel Prescott, John 
Sevey, Daniel Foster, Israel Hovey, Daniel Berry. Nathan 
Hanscom, John Day. were chosen grand jurors. 



285 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Machias, March 27, 1802. 
Schedule of Notes of hand against sundry persons of the 
town of Machias. 

Win. Chaloner, Jr., note date May 13, 1801, $6.00 

Jirah Phinney, 
John Foster, 



Samuel P. Clark, 
James Crocker, ^ 
Parker Clark, 
Robert Munson, 
Benj. Berry, 
Isaac Hanscom, 



May 13, 1801, LOO 

April 5, 1798, 20.92 

Aug. 4, 1800, 14.15 

May 7, 1800, 3.00 

Aug. 4, 1800, 94.14 

May 27, 1799, 5.27 

Nov. 21, 1797, 2.16 

May 7, 1800, 7.25 



$153.89 
Interest on the above to Nov. 13, 1801 13.52 

$167-. 41 
Phillip Clark, note date Nov. 21, 1797, 10.33 

Jonathan Pineo, " May 8, 1798, 5.00 

William Albee, " May 13, 1799, 3.00 

$185.74 

The first nine notes, amounting with interest to $167.41, 

was on the 13th of Nov., 1801, put into the hands of Phineas 

Bruce, Esq., Attorney at Law for prosecution. Mr. Bruce 

gave his receipt for the same, to be by him prosecuted to 

final judgement and the amount will probably be recovered 

in the course of the p resent year. Mr. Albee 's note will be 

discounted from his account against the Town. There is 

no probability of obtaining the other notes, amounting to 

$15.33 at present; although there can be no doubt of 

obtaining the said amount of notes ($167.41) seme time 

hence, yet it is certain it cannot by a course of Law, be 

obtained in season to discharge the arrearges which will 

remain after the expenditure of the monies voted for the 

last year. 

JOSIAH HARRIS, Town Treasurer. 



MUNICIPAL LIFF. 28f> 

Town of Machias To 

Ralph II. Bowles, Dr. 

1802. 

April. To my services as Town Clerk for record 
ing the proceedings of the town for 
one year, writing notifications and 
other accessary town business in- 
cluding an order given for $4.30, $25.00 
To recording births and deaths, 5.04 
To paper, pens, ink and wafers, .50 

$30.54 
Received payment by an order on the Treasurer. 

RALPH H. BOWLES. 



The Town of Machias To 

Win. Albee, Dr. 



L801. 



To boarding, washing etc. for Elisha 
Allen, one of the paupers of said 
town, from the first of April, 1801, 
to April first, 1802, $104.00 

Machias, March 31, 1802. 
Received payment !>v an order on the town. 

WM. ALBEE. 

Town of Machias To 

Amos Boynton, Dr. 

To boarding, nursing, etc., Richard 
Stone, a poor man, 7. 1 , weeks at 33 
shillings per week. $41.25 

To one sheet, 1.50 



42.75 



Cr. 

By old clothes. 1 .02 

Errors i xcepted, $41.73 

Machias, Dec. 13th, L802. 
Received the above in full by order on Treasurer. 

AMos BOYNTON. 



287 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

A.t a meeting of the Inhabitants of the town of Machias 
the fifth day of May, A. D. 1802. Selectmen present Gideon 
O'Brien and Jacob Longfellow; — Votes for a Representative, 
were given in and when sorted and counted were as follows : 
whole number 27 ; for Phineas Bruce, 26, Capt. Gideon 
O'Brien, 1. 

Capt. O'Brien was chosen highway surveyor in place of 
Jacob Penniman resigned ; also Jonathan Longfellow, Sr., 
in place of Jonathan Longfellow, Jr., who had declined to 
serve. 

Stephen Munson purchased the rent of the School lot for 
the ensuing year for ten dollars ; also rent of the School 
Thatch lot. 

Voted : That the town treasurer pay the Rev. Mr. Steele 
twelve dollars, being the sum he received from Mr. Cooper 
for the rent of the Ministerial Marsh lot for the year 1801. 

Voted : That the Selectmen be a Committee on behalf 
of the town, to view any piece of land at East River, that 
may be suitable to erect a Meeting House upon and make 
report to the next town meeting. 

Agreeable to a vote of this town passed the fifth day of 
April last, that the Selectmen and School Committee should 
make such alterations in the School Districts as they shall 
think beneficial for the Town ; — After due notice of their 
meeting being given, they assembled at the house of 
Capt. Peter Talbot, the 26th of April 1802, and made report 
as follows; — First district to begin at Solomon Meserve's 
and include all the the inhabitants to the Middle River 
bridge. 

Second District from Middle River bridge including all 
the inhabitants on the West side, East River Lake and from 
hence to Geo. Stillman's, Esq., inclusive. 

Third District to begin at Mr. Avery's including all the 
inhabitants from thence to Mr. Wallace Fenlason's and then 
to the inhabitants of Gardner's Lake, and beyond to the 
place lately occupied by John Munson. 



MUNICIPAL I.IKE. 



2S8 



Fourth District from John Munson's place to James 
Holmes' on the Easl side, and from thence to the North 
side to John Sanborne's and continuing on that side to 
Deacon Joseph Libbee's inclusive. 
All which is submitted this fifth day of May. L802. 

GIDEON O'BRIEN, 
JACOB LONGFELLOW, 
\YM. EMERSON, 

Selectmen. 

Pbineas Bruce, George Stillman, John Cooper, Stephen 
Parker, Peter Talbot, John Foster, Levi Bowker, School 
( lommittee. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

Monday, the seventh day of December 1802. 



Town of Machias To 

Jacob Longfellow, Dr. 

L802. 

Aug. To paid Mr. Daniel P. Upton, 82.00 

Dec. To .', gallon rum for funeral. Ruth Moore, .75 

To paid David Prescott, digging grave, 2.50 

$5.25 

Received payment by order on Treasurer. 

JACOB LONGFELLOW 7 . 



A town meeting was held on the seventh day of June. 
L802; for the inhabitants to give in their votes for one 
representative, to represent the first Eastern District in the 
Congresa of the United States, in the room of Silas Lee, 
Esq., who has resigned. Votes were as follows, for 
Phineas Bruce, Ksq.. 22, Nathaniel Dummer one. Martin 
Kingsley, one. 



289 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

November 1, 1802. "At a meeting of the inhabitants 
agreeable to the Selectmens' warrant it was unanimously 
voted that the same be adjourned to the house of Capt. 
Peter Talbot. 

At this meeting votes were given in for a Representative 
to represent the Kennebec District in the Congress of the 
United States. 

For Phineas Bruce, at East River, 46. 

For Phineas Bruce at West River, 37. 

There had been meetings of all the towns in the first 
Eastern District held on the 27th of the preceding June, 
by which there was no choice ; a majority of all the votes 
being required to elect. 

According to Governor Caleb Strong's warrant to the 
Selectmen of the towns, the vote at the June meeting stood 
as follows: Nathaniel Dummer, 262; Orchard Cook, 524; 
Martin Kingsley, 257 ; Mark L. Hill, 11 ; Henry Knox, 2 ; 
Phineas Bruce, 24; Geo. Ulmer, 5; John Farley, 4; Moses 
Heath, 1. Only one thousand and ninety votes cast in the 
first Eastern District. 

At a meeting of the Selectmen and School Committee of 
the town of Machias, July 16, 1802 ; — Resolved and 
determined, that the money voted by the town, for the 
support of schools be paid as follows : That is to say, To 
each District the full amount of the assessments made 
upon the poles and estates of the inhabitants of and within 
the districts respectively. 

GIDEON O'BRIEN, 
JACOB LONGFELLOW, 
WM. EMERSON, 

Selectmen. 

JOHN FOSTER, 
JOSIAH HARRIS, 
PETER TALBOT, 
GEO. STILLMAN, 
PHINEAS BRUCE, 

School Committee. 



MUNICIPAL LIKE. "290 

Machias, Oct. 11, 1802. 
To the Selectmen of the Town of Machias: 

We, tin- subscribers, free holders and inhabitants of the 
Middle Kivcr School District, in said town, request you to 

call a meeting of the qualified voters in said District, 
for choosing a Clerk for said District and for taking such 
measures, as shall be proper for erecting a School house, 
and to act on other business which may probably come, 
before said meeting. 

LEVI BOWKER, 
JOSEPH GETCHELL, Jr., 
JAMES CROCKER. - 

In July, 1802, an order was passed by the General Court 
directing that an Election be held Thursday, July 29, in 
the Kennebec District, Province of Maine, for a Congress- 
man to succeed Hon. Silas Lee, Esq. who had resigned as 
Representative. The voters of Machias were warned by 
Samuel Ellis to assemble in the Meeting House at Western 
Falls. July 29, to give in their votes for one Representative 
from the Eastern District. The result in the District was 
reported "No choice," — Orchard Cook had 48 votes, Martin 
Eingsley, 595; Mark L. Hill, 10; Samuel Thacher, 4.'M; 
Nah'l Dummer, 45; Henry Knox (General of Thomaston,) 
1; Erastus Foot, 1 ; Phineas Bruce (of Machias.) 110; 
George Ulmer, 1; Alden Bradford (of Eastport,) 64; 
Samuel Wild, 99 ; David Cobb, (the General of Goulds? 
boro, ) 1 . 

October L6 following, Gideon O'Brien, Jacob Longfellow, 
Selectmen, issued a Warrant, served by Mr. Ellis. calling voters 
to assemble at the meeting house in Eastern River, November 
1st. 1^):*. to give in their votes for Representative. The 
Selectmen present were Win. Emerson and Jacob Long- 
fellow. Phineas Bruce received all the votes east. 46. The 
town meeting was adjourned from the Meeting House, 
probably on account of the cold, to the house of Capt. 



291 HISTORY OF MACHIAS 

Peter Talbot. The record shows that the voting was done 
and the record made at Mr. Talbot's house. A second ad- 
journment, same meeting, from Mr. Talbot's house to the 
house of Samuel Ellis. A true copy from the records, 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 



New Gloucester, Mass., Dec. 7th, 1802. 
Sirs: Selectmen of Machias — There is a Pauper in this 
town on expense by the name of Colburn Barrel Parker, 
who says he is the son of Mr. Stephen Parker, a Coronor, 
an inhabitant of Machias; and by what we can learn by said 
Pauper, his said Father, is a legal inhabitant of said 
Machias, and in consequence thereof, said Pauper has 
gained a habitancy here, as he has not gained any one else- 
where. We do hereby notify you hereof and should be glad 
to be relieved from the trouble of him, as soon as may be, 
either by you as the Overseer of the Poor of Machias, or by 
his father, as we are oblidged to pay two dollars per week 
for his board and attendance beside the Doctor's bill. He 
has been under our care about a week ; he is not able to 
travel, or ride except in a sleigh, or he might be trans- 
ported by water, if he could be got to the sea coast. We 
should be glad to hear from you by post, as soon as may be. 

ISAAC PARSONS, 
NATH'L EVELETH, 
JOHN WOODMAN, 
Selectmen of said New Gloucester. 

P. S. the Pauper's disease seems to be of scrofulistic kind 
and he appears to be in a decline. 

It is one of the oddities revealed by narrative of early 
times that a father should name his son "Barrell, " while 
the father himself appears in so sensitive condition when he 
addressed the Board of Town fathers he should commence 
with "Gentlemen Select?" Is it strange that "Scrofulistic 
tendencies" even to decline prevailed? 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 292 

In town meeting the fourth of April, L803, Capt. Gi 1 son 
O'Brie . Jacob Longfellow, Selectmen present: votes were 
given in. 

Caleb St rong for Governor, l')7 

Elbridge Gerry, 1 

Edward 11. Robbins foT Lieut. Governor, 105 

Henry Knox. 2, 

William Heath. 1 

Alexander Campbell, for Senator, 106 

David Cobb " " LOS 

Joseph Patten X 

The meeting was dissolved and a Moderator chosen ; The 
town business was proceeded with. 

Gideon O'Brien, Jacob Longfellow, Win. Emerson, were 
re-elected Selectmen. Josiab Harris. Treasurer; Josiah 
Harris, Ebenezer Inglee, J. Penniman, irs; Samuel 

Ellis, John D. Folsom, Constables; George Sevey, 
( Jollector at six per cenl 

James Gooch, Samuel Foster, Moses Foster, Ezekiel 
Richardson, Tilley Howe, James W. Crocker, «Tohn Berry, 
Jr.. E. Inglee, J. Penniman, Ebenezer Gardner, George 
Sevey, Road Surveyors. 

Gideon O'Brien, J. Longfellow. Win. Flinn, Jonathan 
Longfellow, Jr., J. Longfellow. Sr., Jere O'Brien, Levi 
Foster, Simeon Foster, Jesse Scott, John Sevey, David 
Foster, Moses Foster, Peter Talbot, J. Penniman, D. 
Gardner, Joseph Dwelley, S. Meserve, Appollo Chase, J. 
I). Folsom, Abraham Fletcher, Stephen Talbot, Samuel 
Foster, Ebenezer Gooch, Israel Andrews. E Richardson, 
Japhel BLarmon, Surveyors of Lumber. 

Ebenezer Inglee, Simeon Foster, Jonathan Weston, 
Nathaniel Babb, Samuel Ellis, Stephen Munson, Sam'] 
Bryant, Moses Blsmore, Daniel Berry, Joseph Dwell 
Geo. Se\ey. Wm. Sanborne, Abijah Poster, Levi Bowker, 
Isaac Hanscom, Samuel Smith. Bog Reeves. 

John Cooper, Geo. Stillman Josiah Harris, S. Foster, 
S. Jones, -I. Penniman, E. Richardson, Eben'r Gardner, 
S. Parker, .Muses Foster, Levi Bowker, School Committee. 



293 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

In addition the usual list of other town officials were duly 
chosen. 

Votes were given in for County Treasurer: Geo. Stillman 
10; John Cooper, 3. 

Money was voted : — 

Pay of the Minister, $333.33 

One half of Rev. Marshfield Steele's settlement, 166.67 

For the benefit of Schools, 300.00 

" " Support of the Poor, 200.00 

Payment of town officers, 240.00 

" " Highways, 750.00 

Contingencies, 100.00 

Voted : That Geo. Sevey have a further limitation to 
collect his tax, viz : to June 1803. 

Voted : That the Collectors shall be allowed one year to 
collect their money from date of their bills. 
Voed: One dollar, fifty cents for men and one dollar per 
pair for oxen, for labor on highways. 

Voted: That J. O'Brien has liberty to put up gates and 
bars through his lands. 

Voted : That the road as laid out from the Rim to 
Samuel Smith's be continued for one year with suitable 
gates and bars. 

Voted: That Joseph Dwelley have the liberty to have 
suitable gates and bars from Wallace Fenlason's old house 
to the Lake. 

To the Selectmen of the town of Machias : 

We, the inhabitants and free holders in said town, recpiest 
you to incert in the Warrant, for the next town meeting, an 
article as follows: To see if the town will consider the vote 
passed at the last Annual meeting respecting the road lead- 
ing from Potatoe Pointto the Rim Road, and to allow the 
same to be kept open or wholly disconinue the same. 
Abijah Foster, Aaron Hanscom, 

Daniel Hoit, Daniel Hoit. Jr., 

Thomas Thorpe, Isaac Hanscom. 

Daniel Averil, 



MUNICIPAL LIKE. 2'.»4 

The Selectmen were present at a meeting held <>n May 4, 
1803; voted thai the Inhabitants will not scud a Represent- 
ative tn the General Court the ensuing year. 

This meeting was dissolved and Stephen Jones waselected 
Moderator. 

Jeremiah O'Brien, dr.. was chosen Surveyor of lumber. 

High marsh School lot was sold at auction to Benjamin 
Waistcoat for $11.25. 

.School Thatch lot sold to James Gooch for two dollars. 

No action on the road leading from the Khini road to 
Potatoe Point. 

This indenture made the sixth day of June 1803, between 
the Selectmen of the town of Machias on the one part and 
Benjamin Waistcoat of Machias, Blacksmith, on the other; 
Witnesseth that whereas the said Selectmen have advertised 
for to contract with any person to build a Pound at the 
Western Falls in Machias and Benj. Waistcoat aforesaid has 
agreed to build a Pound agreeable to said advertisement ; 

The conditions of above obligation is such that the said 
Waistcoat, agrees to build said pound complete for the sum 
of fifty dollars, in forty-two days from the date, or forfeit 
and pay to the Selectmen the sum of twenty-five dollars, 
and the said Selectmen on their part agree to pay Benjamin 
Waistcoat, the sum of fifty dollars, when said Pound is 
completed, on forfeiture of twelve per cent interest from that 
time 'till paid. 

In witness thereof we have interchangeabely set our hand 
this day and date as above mentioned. 

JACOB LONGFELLOW, 1 
GIDEON O'BRIEN. Selectmen. 

BENJAMIN WAISTCOAT. | 



295 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Town of Machias to 

Gideon O'Brien Dr. 

1802. 
April 1st. To one day settling with J. Brown 

and John Kelley, $1.50 

26. To one day dividing the Districts 

and laying out roads at East 

River Lake, 2. CO 

To £ day laying oat road at Jesse 

Scott's, 1 00 

To paid postage of a double letter 

from Boston respecting the 

support of Richard Moore, .40 

To one day laying out roads at East 

River, 1.84 

To one day getting a bridge made across 

George Scott's brook, 1.34 

$6.58 

Machias, March 15, 1804: Received payment by order on 
the Treasurer. 

GIDEON O'BRIEN. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other inhabitants of 
the town of Machias, that were qualified and duly warned, 
to assemble at the Meeting House at Eastern River the 2n 1 
day of April 1804, A. D. at ten o'clock in the forenoon. 
Selectmen Present, — Gideon O'Brien, Jacob Longfellow 
Win. Emerson. Let this be remembered, that meetings 
called for Municipal purposes, were often utilized by 
election of State and County officers in the one meeting, the 
Political work almost invariably having precedence of the 
Municipal. 



MUNICTPA1 LIFE 2l)fi 

The record proceeds, "Votes w< re given in for Governor, 
Lieut. Gov'r. and Sonat< ortod and counted were 

as follows : 

ForGovernor: His excellency, Caleb Strong, Esq., 80 

linn. James Sullivan, Esq., -•'» 

Lieut. Gov.: Hon. Edward Hutchinson 

Robbins,Esq., 86 

Hon. William Heath, Esq., 29 

Senators: Hon. David Cobb, Esq., 76 

Hon. Alex'r. Campbell, Esq., 28 

Mark Langdon Hill, Esq., 76 

Martin Kingsley, Esq., 25 

The Town then voted for John Cooper, Esq., for their 
Moderator; Ralph H. Bowles, for Town Clerk: Capt. 
Gideon O'Brien. Jacob Longfellow, William Emerson. 
Selectmen: Josiah Harris. Esq., Eben'r Inglee, Jacob 
Penniman, Assessors: Marshall Thaxter, John D. Polsom, 
Constables. 

George Sevey, at six per cent has taken the tax to collect. 

The last year's list of Surveyors of lumber were approved 
and the following were joined: James Gooch, Jonas 
Dudley, Moses Hovey. 

Enoch Waterhouse, Jona'n Longfellow, Stephen Munson, 
Theodore Scott, Ben'j Berry, Nath'l Hanscom, Pence 
Viewers. 

For Field Drivers, in addition to the last year's list the 
following were chosen, : Ezra Stevens. Consider Drew. 

The custom prevailed then as it lias in later years of 
electing all the men reported married since last town meet- 
in-, for hog reeves: Wm. Emerson, Nath'l Phinney, 
George Sevey, J. Wooden Foster, Pelham Drew, Elisha D. 
Chaloner, Josiah Harris, Esq., Benj'n Wescott, Ezra 
Stevens. George Harmon, AbeJ Hadley, Ralph H. Bowles, 

Thomas Miller, Daniel Hoit, Jr.. were thus honored. 

Jonathan Longfellow, Jr.. Tille\ Howe. Pound Keepers. 

Nathaniel Phinney, Israel Hovey, ('apt. Ebenezer Inglee, 
Sealers of Leather. Joseph Stuart, Ebenezer Gooch, 



207 HISTORY OF MACHIAS 

Capt. Stephen Smith, Benj'n Gooch, Joseph Getchell, Jr.. 
Israel Hovey, Fish Committee : Nathan'l Phinney, Harbor 
Master. Capt. Stephen Smith, Ebsnezer Gooch, Tything- 
men : Stephen Jones, Esq., Levi Bowker. Josiah Harris, 
Esq., Stephen Parker, Ebenez'r Gardner, Wallace Fenlason, 
School Committee. 

Votes were cast for County Treasurer when sorted and 
counted were as follows : John Cooper, Esq. 39: Gideon 
O'Brien, 48. 

The following sums were then voted for the ensuing year. 

For the support of the Ministry, $333.33 

" " " " Schools, 300.00 

" " " " Poor, 150.00 

" " Payment of town officers, 240.00 

" highways, as usual, 1,200.00 

"Contingencies, Nothing 

Voted : That the contention respecting the road laid out 

on Mr. Ebenz'r Gooch's land, be examined by the former 

Committee and to remain where it is 'till then. 

Voted: That Jeremiah O'Brien have liberty to keep up 
gates and bars, on his land, until the Selectmen shall remove 
the same and see fit to alter the road. 

Voted: That all business not completed be referred to 
the May meeting. 

Attest, RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 



Machias, March 28, 1804. 
I have received of Gideon O'Brien six hundred and 
eighty feet of three inch plank, which I have put on the 
Bridges at the West Falls. 

JACOB PENNIMAN, Surveyor of Highways. 

A town meeting was held June 2nd, 1804, to make choice 
of Jurymen. Th° following persons were drawn: Grand 
Jurors. Marshall Thaxter, Samuel Foster, Wallace Fenlason, 
James Cates, Samuel Smith, Jacob Longfellow, John 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 298 

Poster. Petit Jurors: Win. O'Brien, .John Avery, .Jr., 
Ebenezer Goooh, Theodore Scott. Stephen Talbot, Win. 
Chaloner, Benjamin Barmon. 

The following is estimate of monies needed to !»■ raised 
for town expenoes, — Minister's Salary, s:;:;:;.;;:', ; Support of 
Poor, 150.00; Pay of Town officers, 240.00; Schools, 300.00; 
for town highway, L,000; for County road. 500.00. 

Machias, March 8, 1804. 
To the Selectmen of the town of Machias. 

Gentlemen: We. the undersigned, Freeholders and [nhabi- 
tants of the said town of Machias, request you to cause an 
article to lie inserted in the Warrant for the next town meeting 
to the following purpose : To see if the town will consent that 
the town may lit' divided into two separate towns and two 
separate Societies for Public Worship, and if the town 
should consent, that it should be divided, to act on such 
matters, as shall be necessary in order to assert where; the 
dividing line shall be established, and if the town should not. 
consent, that it should be divided into two separate towns. 
to see if the town will consent that we the said Inhabitants 
and such others as may lie disposed to unite with us, may 
be set off as a separate Society in said town for Public, 
Religious Worship, and thereby our polls and Estates be ex- 
empted from the towns Minister's tax. 

Elias Poster, Win. Whittemore, 

Levi Foster, Stephen ftfuneon, 

Benjamin Gooch. Samuel Foster, 

Apollo Chase, Tilley Howe. 

John Sevej . dames ( iooch. 

The article agreeable to foregoing request was Inserted in 
the Warrant being Article Sixth. The town meeting was 

notified to be held. Mo -day the second day of April, at the 

.M etii . II" Be, East River. The town voted thai the sixth 

article in the Warrant be dismissed. So that the town was 



291) HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

not divided until twenty-two years later in 182(i when East 
Machias and Machiasport were incorporated as separate 
municipalities, from Machias. 

The talk was continued and the debate in the stores was 
animated over Division, not with much hope of success 
until East River and the Lower District (Machiasport) 
united their forces. It is noticeable, that ever after the 
separation, the two new Corporations were quite invariably 
Democratic in political expression, while Machias was 
steadfastly Whig or Republican. 

In annual meeting April 18, 1804, the Selectmen present 
voted : Not to send a Representative the ensuing year. 

"College Marsh lot, College thatch lot, high marsh school 
lot sold to Benjamin Waistcoat for $12. Thatch school lot 
sold to Joseph Getchell, Jr., $2.00. 

Capt. Stephen Smith was excused as Tythingman and 
Deacon Joseph Libbee was chosen. 

Geo. S. Smith, onathan Longfellow, elected Pish Com- 
mittee. Nathan Hansoum. Samuel Foster, Eben Gardner, 
George Sevey, Benjamin Harmon, Jonathan Longfellow, 
Gideon O'Brien, Ephraim Hadley, Jonathan Woodruff, 
Surveyors of Highways. 

Voted: That Jeremiah O'Brien have permission to make 
gates and bars through his field for one year. 

Voted: That not any fish shall be taken between Friday 
night and sunrise Monday morning. 

Voted: That one hundred dollars be added to the school 
money to be drawn from the town Treasurer. 

Voted: That the Selectmen have power to remove every 
incumbrance that is in the highways as the roads are laid 
out and approved of. 

To hear the Report of the Selectmen respecting the roads 
they have laid out. By order of the Selectmen. 

This meeting was called in response to the following 
Petition : 
To the Selectmen of Machias. 

Gentlemen: We, the Subscribers. Freeholders of said 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 8<>0 

town, request you to call a meeting of the inhabitants of the 

i w n for the follow i ni; | u | i se: To sec if the town will 
consent and grant Liberty to Theodore Scott and such 
others, as are or may be associated with him, to erecl and 

keep a Dam across East River, at Lower Riplings; there to 
build and improve mills and if so, to take and agree upon 

such measures as may lie deemed necessary for the purpose. 

Dal id at Machias June 23d, 1804. 

Benjamin (iooeh, David Poster, 

Theodore Scott. Samuel Foster. 

Lewis Foster. Elias Foster. 

Paul !• Stephen Talbot, 

John D. Folsom. Tilley Howe, 

William Chase, James Foster. 

Voted thai the town grani permission to the Pe- 
titioners, to build the Dam as requested, upon the express 
condition, that if it proves a damage to the town, it shall be 
removed upon tl e application of the Selectmen, at the ex- 
pense of the Petitioners or their succssors. Voted: That 
t'i • Selectmen be Committee for the purpose of taking such 
Security from the Petitioners f r the fulfilment of the above 
vote as shall completely indemnify the town from any loss 
or damage in consequence of said permission, and that the 
Selectimen see that the Dam is built agreeable to the intent 
of the foregoing vote; the Petitioners paying them for 
their trouble. 

The above vote of the town raised quite a storm as the 
following dissent shows. We the subscribers dissent from 

the vote passed this day by the town of Machias in giving 
permission to Theodore Scott and others to build a dam 
across the Xa\ iuable part of the East River, for reasons 
hereafter to be assigned. 
Machias. duly IT. L804 

Stephen Jones, Win. Whittemore, 

( \eo. Stillman, Levi Fairbanks. 

Mo86S foster, Daniel Whittemore. 

George Sevey, lieorge Sevey, dr. 

Peter Talbot, 



301 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

To the Inhabitants of the town of Machias. 

The subscriber being about to build an addition to the 
house, which he has lately purchased of John W. Drew, and 
as the spot intended for the building is partly laid out by the 
town for a Public Highway ; He respectfully asks per- 
mission of said town to build a wall in front, where the 
house now stands, on said highway as now laid out for his 
conveniency in erecting said building, — and will obligate 
himself to keep said highway in repair, from the bridge 
near Mr. Longfellow's store to Mr. Kelly's garden fence, and 
to make said road of sufficient width for the passing and 
re -passing of teams of any kind. 

This request is respectfully submitted to the Town for 
their decision by 

LEVI FAIRBANKS. 

April 1, 1805. 

In May, 1805, Mr. Wm. Emerson, in the "Lower District, 
had highway rate lists committed to him as one of the Road 
Surveyors, Josiah Harris and Jacob Penniman being 
Assessors. 

Under a Warrant issued to Marshall Thaxter, Town of 
Machias — Greeting : directing him to warn citizens who 
had been chosen Town officers at a previous meeting, to 
appear before some Justice of the Peace, or the town Clerk 
"To take the Oath and Qualify according to Law, to fill the 
office they are appointed to." The officers were as follows: 

Ebenez'r Inglee, Jacob Penniman, Assessors; Ebenez'r 
Inglee, Gideon O'Brien, Jacob Longfellow, Jeremiah 
O'Brien, Wm. Flinn, Jonathan Longfellow, Jonathan 
Longfellow, Jr., Jacob Penniman, Solomon Meserve, 
Mortimer Fletcher, Japhet Harmon, Amos Boynton, 
Jeremiah O'Brien, Jr., Mathias Toby, Josiah Phinney, 
Joseph Stuart. Surveyors of Lumber. Mortm'r Fletcher, 
Jonathan Longfellow, Joseph Getchell, Jr.. Fence Viewers. 
Jona'n Longfellow, Jr.. Field Drivers. Jona'n Longfellow, 
Jr., Pound Keeper. Gideon O'Brien. J. Longfellow, Jr., 



MUNICIPAL LIFE 302 

Joseph Stuart, Fish Committee. Nathaniel Phinney, 
Harbor Master. Solomon Meserve Tythingman. Jacob 

Penniman. I'jiKich Waterhouse. Jr.. Joseph Goodhue, 

Josiah Phinney. John Burnham, William Meserve, Thomas 

M Lller, Hog Reeves. 

Given under my hand this second day of April, A. D. 

1805. 

RALPH H. BOWLES, Town Clerk. 

At a town meeting, May 1 1805, held at the Meeting 
House, in East River, Select men present, Jacob Long- 
fellow and Wm. Emerson; Voted to send a Representative 
to represent this town in the General Court to be convened 
at Boston on the last Wednesday in May. Jacob Longfellow 
was chosen Representative. 

The second article in the Warrant called for the choice of 
a Moderator and "Hon. Stephen Jones, Esq.," was elected. 

Voted, to sell at Auction the Public Lots that have been 
usually sold at May meeting. At this meeting the High 
Marsh School lot was sold to Mr. John Holmes, for thirteen 
dollars." 

Voted: To sell the old Meeting House at East Falls, at 
Public auction ; the Selectmen to give due notice of time 
and place of sale. " 

Voted: That the road laid out by the Selectmen from 
Eastern River Mills to Gardner Mills between Lewis 
Foster's and Samuel Foster's, be accepted." 

Voted: That the road across the Cove be discontinued. 

Voted: That the road from the Mills to the Cove be con- 
tinued by making liars and gates. At this meeting Wm. 
Simpson was exoused from serving as Tythingman; ".Fames 
Foster was appointed in his stead." The following Road 
Surveyors were appointed, Gideon O'Brien, Wm. Emerson. 
Wm. Simpson, Moses Foster. Nath'l Hansoom, Jona'n. 
Longfellow, Nathaniel Phinney. Jr.. George Seavy, 
.1 iseph Getohell, dr.. Ephraim Hadley. 

'I'he Inhabitants assembled at the Court House in Maohias, 



303 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Monday, the 27th day of May, 1805. Gideon O'Brien, 
Wm. Emerson, Selectmen present, the names of the follow- 
ing persons were drawn from the boxes: for petit Juror for 
8. J. C, Josiah Phinney. Grand Jurors Abijah Foster. 
Wm. Simpson, David Libbee, Tilley Howe, Paul Crocker, v 
James Crocker, Daniel Meserve. Petit Jurors for County 
Courts in said County, Arthur Albee, Appollos Chase, Isaac 
Longfellow, Enoch Longfellow, Ephraim Holmes, John 
Holmes. Jr. 

Attest RALPH H. BOWLES, T. C. 



At this time Consider Drew of the Middle River District, 
by his Petition to the Selectmen shows that "About the 
beginning of last May, two of the Selectmen viewed and 
laid out a road from Stephen Smiths. Jr., across the lots of 
Joseph Foss, Enoch Longfellow and your Petitioner, 
according to a plan herewith exhibited, which highway is 
very injurious to your Petitioner, and does not accommodate 
the said Smith, Foss and Longfellow. — Your petitioner 
therefore prays that said road may be discontinued where it 
crosses his lot, and from thence Southerly to the County 
road, and that instead of crossing his said lot, the Select- 
men may be directed to lay out a highway from where said 
road strikes his Northerly line ; thence down between him 
and Enoch Longfellow's to the County road, for reasons to 
be shown, when the town shall take the subject matter of 
this Petition into consideration. 

In town meeting held in the Court House, Machias, 
April 1, 1805, — votes were taken. 

For Governor, Caleb Strong, 63. 

James Sullivan, « : 35. 

Lieut. Gov'r, Edward A. Robbins, 63. 

William Heath. 35. 

Senators, . David Cobb, 64. 

Mark Langdon, 63. 

( I jorge Ulmer, 
John Farley, 35. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 304 

For Reg 'r of Deeds, Samuel Smith, 50. 

Levi Fairbanks, 1. 

Jeremiah < )" Brien, Jr., 23. 
•' •• " Geo. S. Smith. 7. 

For Co. Treasurer, Jacob Longfellow, 77. 

John Cooper, 3. 

In L806, May 31, Josiah Harris. Ebenezer [nglee and 
Levi Fairbanks Assessors, committed their Warrant to 
Gideon O'Brien, saying "Your District extends from the 
South end of the Bridge over the West Falls to the Western 
line of the Township, and Southerly to the West line of 
Joseph Libbee's land. 

John Lincoln, -lames Flinn, Jr. Thomas Miller, Moses 
Lambert, Daniel Lambert, John Cates, were assessed for a 
poll tax $3. only. There were twenty-three freeholders' in 
this list. Gideon O'Brien's $19.21; Benj. Foss, for one 
cow. tax fourteen cents: the aggregate being $175.58. 

Oapt. Brien mu si have been a good read builder: no 
matter if he was Selectman, Assessor or Overseer, he must 
serve as Highway Surveyor whenever called upon. Five 
names of Morris O'Brien's sons appear in above list and one 
grandson, Jeremiah O'Brien, Jr. 

A list of road workers was committed to Mr. John C. 
Talbot, June IT). L811. "Your District extends from the 
North end of Eas1 river, Lower Bridge to the Corner of the 
County road on Scott's Hill; Josiah Harris. Peter Talbol 
Jr., s. Single Poll tax was $3.00. There were 

thirty names, eleven of whom were rated for only SI. 00. 
Several had boys "Id enough to be taxed on his poll, thus 
Billings L. Ca > paid on three polls: Peter Talbot. Peter 
Talbot, -If.. Timothy Weston, two polls each. There were 
eleven, more than thirty-three per cenl of the number, who 
had \ ; i name. 

For the first time William Pope appeared in the tax list 

ilbot, Sr.. s^7.:;7: I'eter Talbot, Jr., 

M. Jones Talbol $5.76, Timothy Weston, s]-j.;,:;. 

Tho's 1 1. Can. $11.38, Jonathan Battles, $3.96, Elijah Pope, 

$7.56. 



305 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

To Mr. John C. Talbot, one of the Surveyors of highways 
in the town of Machias for the year 1811. 

Your District extends from the North end of East River, 
Lower Bridge to the Corner of the County road on Scott's 
Hill. 

The following is the list of Assessments made upon the 
Polls and estates, of the persons therein named each one his 
respective proportion of the sums total of the town tax for 
highways, which you are to cause to be expended in labor and 
materials for the highways within yuur said limits; one half 
thereof before the first day of August next and the other 
half before the expiration of the term for which you were 
chosen, allowing one dollar, fifty cents per day for each man 
and one dollar per day for each yoke of oxen, carts, plows 
etc., as you can agree for. If any of said persons shall be 
deficient in working or otherwise paying the sums they are 
assessed, you are at the end of said term to render to us or 
our successors in office, a list of such persons and the sums 
so deficient. You are to give six days notice to each 
person of the time and place they are to work and of the 
tools required. 

Given under our hands this 15th day of June, 1811. 

Battles Jonathan 1 poll, tax $3.96. 

Billings & Cary. 3 polls, 11.54. 

Fenlason, Nath'l 1 poll, " 3.43. 

Foster, Abijah 1 " 4.54. 

Folsom, Jeremiah 1 " 10.84. 

Hartford, Paul 1 " " 3.08. 

Pope, William 1 " " 9.79. 

Pope, Elijah 1 " " 7.56. 

Rich, Samuel 1 " " 5.40. 

Rich, Ezekiel 1 " " 4.20. 

Talbot, Peter Spoils, " 27.37. 

Talbot, M. Jones 1 poll, " 5.76. 

Talbot, Peter & J. C. 2 polls, " 21.52. 

Whittemore, Wm. 1 pull, 9.57. 

Whittemore, Daniel 1 poll, 6.69. 

Weston, Timothy 2 polls, " 12.53. 

Wright, Thomas 1 poll, " 3.10. 

Carr, Thomas H. 1 poll, " 11.38. 



MINK !l'\[. LIFE. . 806 

Massachusetts Militia. To Mr. Edward Sevey, you 
being duly enrolled as a soldier in the Company under my 
command are hereby ordered to appear at the place of 
parade by the Meeting Bouse on Tuesday, the fifth day of 
May. at one o'clock in the afternoon, armed and equipped 
as the Law directs for Military duty and inspection. Given 
at the town of Machias the twenty-third day of April. 1S12. 

WM. CHALONEK, Captain. 

Peter Talbot and Geo. S. Smith, Assessors issued their 
Warrant to John C Talbot, Highway Surveyor, June 20, 
1812, defining his Hunts. — "Your District extends from the 
North side of East River, Lower Bridge to the Rhim Road 
on Scott's Hill." 

There were seven "single polls, " al $3.00 each. Several 
of the freeholders paid for two polls. Thirty persons in all 
were in the list: among them were John Dickinson, Billings 
& Cary, John Chaloner, Paul Hartford, Samuel Kemp 
Joshua Lane. John Tuell, Timothy Weston, Thomas 
Wright, Nathaniel Waterman. The highest 'tax was paid 
by Peter Talbot, $19.03; Peter and J. C. Talbot, $14.15; 
Weston, $10.08; Wm. Whittemore, 10.32; Dickinson, $6.38. 



CAPITULATION OF MACHIAS. 

\ 

General Cooper to Governor Strong. 

Machias. 17. Sept., L814. 
M ay it please your Excellency : 

On Sunday the 11th Inst, very early in the morning, a 
British land and naval force under the command of 
Lieutenant Col. Andrew I'ilkinuton and ('apt. Hyde 
Parker captured the Fort and took possession of Machias. 
the few 1*. S. Troops and Militia that were in the Fori made 
no resistance and effected their escape with the loss only (A' 
two of the l'. S. Troops taken prisoners. When the English 
troops arrived at West Machias we addressed the Commander 
and requested that no severe measures mighl be taken with 



307 HISTORY OF MACHIAP. 

respect to the submission of the people, delivering up arms, 
etc., until a conference could be had. After the Guards 
were posted and other measures taken to occasion as little 
trouble and alarm to the inhabitants as possible, the Com- 
mander established their quarter with me and finding, them 
inclined to be as favorable as the nature of their orders 
would allow — we proposed a Capitulation in the name of the 
Militia , and another to the same effect in favor of the Civil 
officers and Citizens of the County of Washington, which if 
consented to by them, and ratified by the proper officers 
should form the rule of our conduct during the present war 
between Great Britain and the United States, and immediately 
sent expresses for General Brewer and Colonel Campbell, 
who arrived on the evening of Monday, — in the meantime 
the arms and public property were ordered in. Tuesday 
General Brewer and Colonel Campbell for themselves and in 
behalf of the Militia under their command signed the 
capitulation and were paroled as were the civil officers and 
citizens. Copies are enclosed. Wednesday several 
regulations ware adopted for the public tranquility and 
Lieutenant General, Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, and 
Admiral Griffith arrived this day from Castine and per- 
sonally approved and confirmed all that had been done. 
They tarried but a few hours. Thursday at one o'clock the 
whole British force consisting of about 1000 were embarked 
and sailed for Castine without having committed any ex- 
cesses during their tarry at Machias, that deserve notice — It 
is a duty I feel to declare the conduct of Colonel Pilkington 
and Captain Parker, while here was calculated to impress on 
every heart the deepest conviction of British honor and 
discipline, their strenuous exertion to prevent depredations 
however small, and when unavoidably made, to provide a 
remuneration, and their honorable regard to the feelings of 
those they were sent to subdue, demands our warmest 
gratitude and will not easily be effaced from our remembrance. 
I am aware of the responsible part taken by me on this 
occasion, but the approbation of those in this place, on 
whose judgment I can rely and my knowing how impossible 
it is for the General or State Government to afford this 



MUNICIPAL LIFE 



308 




W'm. < !00P] R 
sun of Gen J.jhn Coopef, native of Machias. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 809 

County any adequate protection under existing circum- 
stances, f hope will Induce your Excellency to believe the 
safety and honor of the people have been secured by these 
measures; and the necessity of taking the oath of 
allegiance, and submitting to martial law has been avoided. 
I have the honor to remain very respectfully, 

Your Excellency's most obed't. Serv't., 
JOHN COOPEK, 
Sheriff of the County of Washington. 

It is known that the Br. troops marched from Buck's 
Harbor to Machias. It was also equally as well known 
that the General in command, his Staff, the Captains of 
the vessels, in all about twenty-five officers in full uniform, 
came to Machias in boats or barges, marines rowing the 
beats. So far as can lie learned the Br. officers in com- 
mand endeavored to keep within the rules of civilized war; 
the "insults" and depradations were left to orderlies and 
privates and these, not always harsh, yet in some cases 
humiliating. 



The following was published many years ago in one of 
the local papers: 

MACHIAS: WAR 1812. 

This town did not receive much notice from the British 
commanders 'till in Aug. L814: Castine and East port being 
in possession of the British they planned an attack on 
.Machias. In August or September five British men of war 
heavily armed appeared in the river about three miles below 
M.irhiaspoit and came to anchor Dear Birch Point. The 
British forces numbered Too regulars and two companies of 
Riflemen, between 900 and LOOO in all. 

The Americans had a force of 16 raw militia in the Fori 
on Sanborne's Point under command of Col. Samuel A. 
Morse. Nearer the shore and below Morse's barracks was 
Fori Manning under charge of Lieut. Manning. 



310 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

As soon as it was known at the village in Machias that the 
British were preparing to move against the town. Col. 
J°remiah O'Brien, mounted his horse and rode through 
the streets appealing to men to volunteer, declaring that 
"If 1 can get twelve men to go with me, I will go to Col. 
Morse's relief. " O'Brien could not get a man! It is said 
he became so incensed at the lack of patriotism that he 
galloped his horse across the bridge and to the top of the 
O'Brien hill! uttering imprecations not of gospel tone! 

Meanwhile, the British Commander ordered boats and 
barges lowered and manned, each carrying a small cannon 
on the bow and officers and troops to the number of 800 
commenced moving up river. Col. Morse not being re-in- 
forced as he had expected ordered evacuation and retreat 
from Sanborne's Point to Machias village. The British 
took possession of the Fort, burned the barracks and de- 
stroyed everything within reach, and continued their march 
unmolested to Machiac. 

It is said that one Jones,not Stephen, met the British officer 
near the Meserve hill, and waved his hat in friendly' salutation 
and rode on his horse in advance conducting the British to 
town. 

Mr. Oliver W. Crocker, who was then about 18 years old, 
went to Machiasport to see tiie British. When the British 
officer came to Meeting House hill at. Machiasport, he 
seized yound Oliver by the arm saying, "Show me the way 
to Machias!" Young Crocker had war in his heart, and he 
feigned insufficient acquaintance with the road, but the 
corporals with fixed bayonet kept him ahead and made him 
travel towards the town ! 

The British took possession of Machias not a gun fired by 
the Americans. The officers were tolerably well disposed 
while the troops robbed the hens' roosts and pig pens and 
"cut capers" generally! 

Most of the men in town were anti-war or "Strong men:" 

Governor Strong refusing to call out troops for defense 
anywhere in Massachusetts, and Maine was Massachusetts 



MUNICIPAL LI I i 31 1 

then. It' the war had any supporters they were in a 
minority and individual volunteers. 

The O'Brien family. George Burnham, S. A. Morse, John 
Bolway, Obadiah Hill, Benjamin Harmon, Samuel Harmon, 
Simeon Crocker^ Henry Harmon, were about all among the 
prominent men who supported the Federal government. 

Years afterwards his political opponents reflected on Col. 
Morse's courage and patriotism, unjustly as will he seen. 

Early in commenoemenl of (he war S. A. Morse, John Burn- 
ham. John Holway and others tided up a cruiser to prey on 
British vessels and merchandize mi the ( 'oast between Quoddy 
ami Mt. Desert. Their vessel was captured in the early part 
of 1S14. Burnham was carried a prisoner to Dartmoor and 
Morse t<> Halifax. What became of their companions or who 
they were is not known. Morse was paroled. He came 
direct to Machias and being full of the war spirit he 
volunteered to take command of the forces on .Machias river, 
Jabez San borne a Corporal being in immediate command of 
the militia in the Fort. 

Col. .Morse was aware that if he made useless resistance to 
the British or made no resistance if cap tured by them, by 
the law and usage of war. he would be shot without trial or 
ceremony, hence prudene dictated retreat in good order! 

Morse was no coward ! A coward on parole would not put 
himself voluntarily in way of danger and certain death if 
captured by the enemy ! 

John Holway was outspoken in denunciation of the 
"cowardice" of some of his fellow townsmen ! 
The British made threats of burning Holway 's and the 
O'Brien's houses and property. They failed to carry the 
threat into execution 

The only musket discharged at, towards or over the British 
troops "u their march by road or l>> barge on the river from 
Birch Point to Machias was by one man of the militia in 
the Fori named Dinsiuore who came from Narraguagus. 
He was bo humiliated and so full of resentmenl that nothing 

le88 than "< hie crack at "em"' would appease him. 



312 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

William King, who was Provincial Governor, afterwards 
the first Governor of Maine after separation from Mass- 
achusetts, did issue a proclamation calling for volunteers 
and means of defense. Men and means in the Eastern 
Counties in response to King's call were limited. 

Without reference to the sentiment that prevailed in 
Machias, whether patriotic or otherwise, it was no doubt 
better for the people that resistance was not made, as the 
town would no doubt have been captured and probably de- 
stroyed. 

Col. Morse proceeded to Hampden, procured a small vessel 
had her furnished and manned and very shortly captured a 
British merchant vessel, which came under the "Bounty 
act" of Congress for such captures. The bounty was not 
paid, however, until after Col. Morse's death in 1862, his 
heirs receivng its benefit. 

In October 1814 while the British held Machias they 
made a foraging march to Jonesboro, intending to go to 
Pleasant River, Addison, but the roads and bridges were so 
poor and few, so much woods to pass through, not 
mentioning the whiz of a bullet now and then coming from 
some King man's musket, they abandoned the inarch and 
returned to Machias. 

The same fall word came from the British officer at East- 
port that three of his soldiers had deserted. Expecting 
they would cross the bridge at Machias three sentinels with 
shot guns and bayonets were stationed on the bridge. 
Early in the morning they came to the bridge ; they were 
ordered to -'halt," but not obeying the sentinels fired, one 
fell dead and was buried in Machias ; the remaining two 
were recaptured and returned to Eastport. 

Mr. Levi Bowker, now living (June, 1881, ) who will be 86 
August 20, 1881, was "Drummer boy" and Orderly 
sargeant, in the Fort. 

Mr. Bowker remembers the practice of troops in the 
Fort while out on picket at Larrabee's Cove and Bucks 
Harbor; occasionally a musket would be discharged in- 
dicating prospective quiet, no invader near. Again "All's 



MUNICIPAL LIFE 313 

well" could be heard over the tree tops as passed from 
Sent ry to Sentry. 

In Summer of L81 I while Morse was ill the Fort his men 
oaptured a drove of beef rattle from the western part of 
Washington and eastern pari of Hancock county destined 
for St. Andrews, supply for the British garrison. Morse's 
men kepi the cattle for several days in the woods near East 
Machias and Machiatf. Sept. 19 when the British attacked 
and burned the barracks they obtained possession of the 
cattle or so many as they could find. Morse a few days 
previous having ordered tin 1 cattle driven to Machiasport. 

Machias was held by the British forces but a few days. 
When they evacuated the commander ordered all houses 
searched for arms, ammunition, etc. The troops gathered 
all they could and the guns were loaded on a cart in the 
road near the site of the recent "Old Machias House," and 
trucked to Machiasport, thence by transport to Halifax. 

Some or" the more patriotic hid their guns, but the town 
was quite thoroughly "cleaned out. " 

A platoon of British soldiers fired on one man. who was 
making off with his two guns. He had been down river 
bird hunting. When he came to town not knowing of the 
British order being enforced he thought the men "fooling," 
so he shouldered arms and forward. 

The commanding officer was notified, meanwhile, the man 
with Ins muskets had crossed to the westerly side of the 
river, so that when the platoon (8 men) tired they had a 
Long shot, the fleeing man fell over a log, pretending that 
the shot had struck him: the British officer ordered his 
surgeon to go across the river and see to the man who was 
wounded over there, but before the surgeon arrived where 
he lay he gathered- up and made a hasty retreat to the woods 
beyond! He was not a citizen of Machias. name not 
known. 

After successfully resisting attacks of British forces 
during the Revolution to feel it necessary to capitulate to 
the same invading power only thirty-two years later, many 



314 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

of the same men living in 1814 who lived here in 1775 — 
1782, was humiliating, hence no one of them had words to 
express in fitting terms the experiences of 1814. It is a 
matter of local pride that the flag, — the Pine Tree Flag of 
1775, did not trail, nor was it lowered or supplanted by any 
other 'till 1814! 

The people of the town could not do better or different 
than they did when they agreed with the Br. Commander to 
capitulate. Twelve officers were in possession of Dr. 
Parker Clark's house, his family turned out; one thousand 
regulars occupied meeting house, school houses, stores, 
barns and some of them quartered in tenements, the 
occupants having been ordered to vacate. 

The Br. officer exacted an oath of allegiance to King 
George and renunciation of the U. S. Government; other- 
wise he should be compelled "to burn the town." 

The cool head of John Cooper, Capt. Stephen Smith, 
Jacob Longfellow, Stephen Jones, Col. Benj. Foster, 
Ephraim Chase and others, saved the town the disgrace, of 
the oath of allegiance ; saved the town from destruction. 
Far better as after occupying the town less than one week, 
foraging on cattle, poultry and crops, the Br. Regiment 
left and no farther molestation of the place occurred. 

Let it be remembered that Eastport, Castine, Portland, 
New York had surrendered before Machias and Washington 
the Capitol of the Nation had been reduced to ashes! Is it 
not marvelous that Machias escaped spoliation if not de- 
struction in 1814? The British memory must have had a 
tinge of the Margaretta affair; of the capture of the tender 
Tatmagouche and Diligence; of the two or three prizes', 
Br. merchant vessels, by John O'Brien m 1776; also the 
successful defense, repulse and defeat of the Br. fleet in 
1777? All these events of a local nature combined with the 
National dislike of the Colonists in general, and the In- 
dependence of the States su recently acquired, the con- 
clusions drawn that the heart of the Br. Commander in 
1814 was not so hard as it might have been. 



MUNICIPAL I. IKK. .'51"i 

Mr. Ebenezer Downes, who ai (his time was a resident of 
township, No. II. lefl with the Selectmen <>f Maohias the 
following : 

Town of Machias, 1<> 

Ebenezer Downes, Dr. 
To cleaning the windfalls out of the County 

road in the year 1816, |3.00 

.Machias. Jan. 7. ISlS. 

Rec'd. pay by Order on tin; Treasurer. 

EBENEZER DOWNES. 



Tin 1 road cleared of the "windfalls" was that part west 
from Township Fourteen towards Eastern Falls. Mr. 
Downes settled in Fourteen as early as 1S12. He was 
succeed by the Messrs. Bridgham, Alden and Alvin, brothers, 
who married daughters of Mr. Downes The Bridghams 
came from Dixfield. Oxford County; four brothers, two 
settling as above; Andrew in township No. — incorporated 
as the town of .Marion in 1834; Levi in Beddington, the 
last moving to Dexter, Maine, in 1840 where he died. 



Town of Machias. to 

John Dickinson, Dr. 
IMC. 
Aug. 2. Fee, defending town against indictment 

on the School Act.. $0.00 

1-17. 
Aug, 2. To ditto on Indictment for roads, (>.00 

$12.00 
Rec'd payment by order. 

JOHN DICKINSON. 



310 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

There is recorded evidence that one Peper or Pepper 
family was a troublesome factor to town authorities for 
several years. The following is an illustration : 

1817. 
May. To notifying town officers to qualify 

themselves, $13.00 

June, To \ barrel of fish and barrel to Peper, 1.50 

To 2h bushels potatoes to ditto, 75 cts., 1.87 

July. To 4lbs. veal 33c. ; 4 lbs. butter $1.00 

to ditto, 1.33 

1 gallon vinegar, to ditto, .66 

Aug. 2. 21 | days attendance of William, 

" to ditto, 32.25 

1 lb. butter, 1 quart vinegar, to ditto, .41 

Sept. 10, 2 lbs. tobacco 80c ; pint of rum 20c. 

to ditto, 1.00 

Nov. 1. 1 flannel waist, $1.00; pair stockings 

50c, to ditto, • 1.50 

$43.52 
Paid John Sanborne for boarding A. 

Peper, 20.00 

63.52 
Or. 

By cash, 15 00 

$48.52 
Received pay by order on the Treasurer, 

WILLIAM SANBORNE. 



MUNICIPAL 1. 1 IF. .'ilT 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, To 

the Tn« ii of Machias, I )r. 

For the support of Sundry Slate paupers, viz: 
Antony Pepper from Nov. 16, L816 to 

Deo. 3i, 1817, $107.00 

Clothing $20. 00; Nursing, $29.25; Dr.W. 

Whittemore's bill, $49.65, 98.90 

David McNeaJ from Nov. If. to Doc. 22, 

L816, 5 weeks. 10.00 

Nursing$2.50; funeral expenses, $15.00; 17.."><> 

John Allen from Nov. 1, 1816 to June 

1, 1817, 30 weeks. 60.00 

Nursing, $15.00; clothing, $12.00; Dr. W. 

Whittemore's bill, $83.00 100.00 

William Pierce from Sept. 25. to Deo. 

31, 1817, 14 weeks. 28.00 

Nursing $7.00, Clothing, $6.00, Dr. 

Wetherbee's bill, 00.00 13.00 

Elmira Wise from Sept. 1 to Dec. 27, 

1817. R weeks, 16.00 

Nursing $4.00; Clothing, $6.00 Dr. Win. 

Whittemore's bill, $6.60, 16.60 

Thomas Thorpe from .Ian. 1, to Dec. 

31, 1817, 52 weeks, 104.00 

Clothing, 18.00 

Errors excepted. 

WILLIAM SANBORNE. 
SILAS TURNER, 
( )verseers of the Poor, of Maehins. 



318 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Town of Machias, To 

School District No. 2, Dr. 
1817. 
May 22. To their proportion of money for the 

support of Schools for the year, 1817, $39.48 
Received an order on the Treasurer for the above. 

JOHN CROCKER/ 



The following on a small piece of paper was found in the 
effects of the late Dr. Clark of Machias. 

Dr. Clark bought of 

John Phillips, March 27, 1752. 

1 yard of cambric, £3. 15. 0. 

1 piece of white cord, 15. 0. 

4 yards of white braid, 4. 0. 

1 oz. of thread No. 13—10, 10. 0. 

1 oz. of thread No. 7—20, 5. (i. 

1 oz. of thread No. 18, 12. 0. 

1 piece of midling tape, 5. 0. 

£6. 0. i). 



Calais, April 25, 1818. 
Gentlemen : In answer to your letter respecting the town of 
Calais being charged with the board of Isaac Weston; he is 
not an inhabitant of this town and therefore not chargeable 
to it. Mr. Weston belongs to Norridgewock, Somerset 
County. 

Yours respectfully, 

JAMES DYER, Jr. 
JONAS RICE, 
JARIUS KEEN, 

Selectmen 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 319 

Town of Machias, To 

John ( Jooper, Dr. 

To board of David Bowes, a poor prisoner 
from Sept. 30 to Nov. 10, 1817, at 
$2.50, (from Eastport) 6 weeks, $15.00 

To ditto, Daniel Lamson, from Sept. 26 to 
Oct. 22nd., -'5 weeks, 5 days, (from 

Deer Island N. B.) 9.25 

To ditto. John Lunt, Sept. l ,; '.. 1817, to 
Feb. 14. 1818, 20 weeks, one day, 
(fr«.m Eastport), 50.70 

To ditto, Isaac Weston, from Dec. 23, 
L817, to Feb. 20, IMS, 4 weeks, four 
days, 11.40 



$86.35 



Machias, Feb. 20, 1818. 



JOHN COOPER, 
Sheriff of Washington Co. 



Castine. March 2, 1818. 
Gentlemen : — Selectmen — The town of Machias stands in- 
debted to the town of Castine $19.29 for support of E. 
Richardson in jail, four early attention to the subject 
will much oblige the Treasurer of said town. 

WILLIAM MASON. 

Town of .Machias, To 

.John Sanborne, Dr. 
L818. 
April 3. For boarding Antony Pepper one of 

the State's poor one week, :?.'}.< * > 

April I s . L818, received an order on the Treasurer for the 
above, which sum is added to an order drawn on the 4th 

A Id," A II AM BUTTERFIELD, Selectman. 



320 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

To the Selectmen of Maohias: 

The undersigned request you to lay out a town road, from 
tlu' bridge above Grooch's Dam, on the Easl side of the 
river to Hadley's Lake, so called. 

SILVANUS HANSCOM. 

NATHAN HANSCOM, 

JESSE SCOTT, 

SAMUEL THORNTON. 



To the Selectmen of the Town of Machias: 

The undersigned respectfully request that an Article may 
he inserted in the Warrant for calling the next annual meet- 
ing to consider the application of Win, Pope 2d and others. 
to be formed into a separate School District. 
March 6, 1818. 
WM. POPE, 2d. MOSES FOSTER, 

MOSES HOVEY, ISRAEL HOVEY. 

JAMES FOSTER. 



Town of Machias, To 

Abram Butterfield, Dr. 
1817. 
May 9. To one day exploring a road. $1.50 

May 13. To Hh days as an Assessor, 5.25 

July 15. To examining road by Marston. .50 

Aug. 5. To examining the bridge at East River, 1.00 

Nov. 15. To I day laying out a road at Little 

Kennebec, . 2.00 

Extra Services preparing accounts, 5.00 

$15.25 
April 14, 1818. Received an order on the Treasurer for 
the above. 

ABRAM BUTTERFIELD. 



MUNICIPAL l.l I I . 321 

Caleb Gary under the date of April 3d, l^l s . presented 
this bill. 

Town of Machias, To 

Caleb Cary, \)v. 
For railing the bridge at tianscom's mills. 

price as agreed upon, $15.00 

Attest: CALEB CARY. 

Receiver! 1 he above in full. 

Mr. Cary was ancestor of the several Gary families, of 
East Maehias. Cooper and other places, coming to East 
Machias from Bridgewater, Ma>s.. now a pari of the City of 
Brooton. He married Sally, sister of John Coffin Talbot, 
Sr., and settled on a ] art of the l"t owned by the tirst im- 
migrant, Peter Talbot, of this well known family Air. 
Cary's wife's father, and between her two brothers' home- 
steads, John Coffin on the one side and Mioah Jones Talbot 
on the other side. 

To the Hon. Justices of the ( lircuit Court of Common Pleas, 

for the third Eastern Circuit, held at Machias in and 

for the County of Washington, on tin' first Tuesday of 

September, A. D. 1818— 

The subscribers humbly represent that the Highway or 

common road in Machias; from the guide post near Gideon 

O'Brien, Esq's, westward to Smith's barn so called, if 

turned and altered so as to pass through the forest and meadow. 

in the most direct, practicable course to said barn, would he 

of greater convenience to the Public, and less expensive in 

being made a good, carriage road: And they therefore pray 

your Honors, to appoint a Committee to make this 

alteration in said road, according to the Law in such case 

provided. 

Signed by John Cooper, Jacob Longfellow, Holmes Nash 
(of Addison,) Eben'r [nglee, Robert Foster, Harrison 
Thatcher, Josiah Hill, Geo. S. Smith, Peter Talbot, Jr., 
John I tickers* »n, Etufus K. Porter. 



322 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Washington, ss. C. C. Common Pleas sitting as a Court 
of Sessions, [September term, 1818: — On the foregoing 
Petition ordered — That the inhabitants of the town of 
Machias be notified, by serving the Clerk of said town with 
an attested copy of said Petition and of this order thereon, 
thirty days at least, before the next term of this Court, to 
be holden at Machias within and for the County of Wash- 
ington on the first Tuesday of March next, that they may 
then and there appear to show cause, if any they have, why 
the prayer of said Petition should not be granted. 

Attest: JOSIAH HARRIS, Clerk. 

True copy of the petition and order thereon. 

Attest : JOSIAH HARRIS, Clerk. 

Lubec, Oct. 8, 1818. 
To the Selectmen and overseers of the Poor for the town of 
Machias : 
Gentlemen : Yours respecting Paul Nutter as poor 
prisoner has been received : in answer we will inform you 
that Paul Nutter has never gained an Inhabitancy in this 
place. His place of abode is in Bloomtield, in the County 
of Somerset on the Kennebec, as persons from that place 
inform us that his expenses will be paid, by a brother of 
his living there, who has property of Paul's, in his hands. 
I presume the Selectmen of Bloomfield will be the proper 
persons to call upon. 

Yours Respectfully, 

R. G. BALCH, 
Acting Chairman of the Overseers of the Poor for Lubec. 

The foregoing letter was addressed. John C. Talbot, 

Post Master, Machias, Me. 
To the Constables of the town of Machias, Greeting: 

You are hereby required in the name of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts, to notify and warn the Free- 
holders and other inhabitants of the town of Machias, 
qualified to vote in election of Representatives to the 
General Court, of said Commonwealth, to assemble at the 



MUNICIPAL LIFE S28 

meeting house, Weal Kails, in said Machias, on Monday the 
second day of November next, at eleven o'clock in the fore- 
noon, then and there to Lri\e in their votes for a Represent- 
ative, thai is an inhabitant of the Fourth Eastern District to 
represent them in the Congress of the United States. 

Hereof fail not and make return of this Warrant, with 
your doings thereon, to us at the time and place aforesaid. 

Given under our hands and Seal, this twenty-second day 
of October, A. D. L818. 

I'KTER TALBOT, 
JEKEMIAH O'BRIEN. 
Selectmen <>t' Machias. 

Marinas. November 22. 1818. 
To the Gentlemen Selectmen or Overseers of the Poor for 
the town of Bloomfield : 
This town has paid for the support of Paid Nutter, a poor 
prisoner committed from Lubec $11.25. We called on the 
Overseers of the Poor of Lubec for the payment of the same. 
They inform us that he nev< r gained an Inhabitancy in that 
place; that he is an inhabitant of your town: we therefore 
request yon to pay the sum above mentioned as soon as con- 
venient. 

We are with much respect. Gentlemen, your most 
obedient and very humble servants. 

Per Order, JOHN C. TALBOT, 
Chairman of the Board of Overseers of Poor. 



Machias. 2nd. Dec, L818. 
Ebenezer [nglee, Esq, and the other Gentlemen ( )verseers of 
the Poor for town of Machias : 
Sirs: Joseph Francis has called upon me with 
"Pechecoure, " an Indian of ninetysix years of age, who, 

.Joseph Baith stands in need of Some assistance for his sup- 

port; he saith that thej reside near Mr. Fletcher's in this 

town. 1 think the old man is entitled to some relief as a 

State Poor, and I am of opinion, that it' the Overseers of 



324 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



the Poor of this town were to advance about one dollar and 
a quarter a week for his support, the Legislature would not 
object to repaying the expense. It would be to much of a 
tax upon a few Benevolent Individuals to advance what is 
necessary for his support. 

From your humble servant, 

STEPHEN JONES. 



1818. 



Town of Machias, To 

Jonathan Berry, 



Dr. 



To 19 weeks board of Mrs. T. Pepper, $34.84 

If lbs. tobacco, .75 

1 pt. brandy, .75 

one day after Pepper, 1.50 

one day after his wife, 1.00 

Going after the doctor, 1.00 

Digging his grave, 2.50 

Going after coffin, .50 

sheet, 1.50 

3 weeks nursing, 9.00 
Jan. 9, 1819, Rec. pay by order on Treasurer, 

JONATHAN BERRY. 



Mount Vernon, Dec. 22, 1818. 
To the Overseers of the Poor of the town of Machias : 

Gentlemen — Filander Folsom, who is an inhabitant of 
your town, is chargeable to the town of Mt. Vernon, for his 
support. We have charged the same to the town of 
Machias and shall continue so to do until you remove him 
or provide for him ; this therefore is to require of you to 
remove him or otherwise to provide for him, as you shall 
think expedient. 

ISAAC PORTER, 
Chairman of the Overseers of the Poor of Mt. Vernon. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 325 

Machias, March 27. L819. 
To the Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor for the town of 
Mt. Vernon. 
Gentlemen: fours respecting FiJauder Polsom, a poor 
person, has been received. In answer will inform you thai 
he never gained an inhabitancy in this town, in any of the 
ways pointed oui by the Statute specifying whal shall con- 
stitute a legal settlement, consequently this town cannot be 
lee-ally charged with his support and we do not calculate to 
pay any expense that may arise for his comfort and 
support. 

Yours respectfully, 

J. C. TALBOT, 
Acting Chairman of the Overseers of the poor of the town 
of Machias. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, To 

the town of Machias, Dr. 

For the support of sundry State paupers, viz: 
Anthony Pepper Erom Jan. 1. 1818, to 27th of 

Aug. 1818, 34 weeks, 82.00, $68.00 

Clothing, $10; Nursing, $20; Funeral expenses, 

sio. ' 40.00 

Dr. Win. Whittemore's bills, 22.24 

130.24 
Sehattis Wangwood from Dec. 19, 1S17, to 

.May ::. 1818, Is weeks, SI. 10 per week, L9.80 

Doctor X. Wetherbee's bill. 14.00 



33.80 



Tomer Dana from Nov. 1, 1818, to Dec. ill. 
1818, 8 Weeks, 1 days at SI. ID per 



week, H MM) 



326 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Peer Chequers and Squaw from Nov. 1, 1818 

to Dec. 1, 1818 8 weeks, 4 days, $1.10 $9.35 

Elmira Wise and child from Sept. 1, to Dec. 
31, 1817, 8 weeks, $3. per week, $21.00, 
Nursing $4, Clothing, $6, Dr. Whitte- 
more's bill, $6.68— $16.68, 40.68 

Errors excepted. 
Machias, Dec. 31, 1818. 

WM. EMERSON, 
EBEN'R INGLEE, 
J. C. TALBOT, 
Overseers of the Poor of Machias. 

Difficulties were experienced in providing for the pauper 
inhabitants as the following shows : 

The Committee appointed to examine the accounts of the 
Overseers of Poor for the year 1817. Report: That the 
principal charges in said accounts are for paupers' board; 
these charges though high your Committee did not think 
ought to be reduced below the sum paid. The items of 
articles furnished, we considered in several instances as 
over-charged, and have deducted from the Overseers' 
accounts, the sum of twenty-three dollars. 

The Committee think proper to observe that the persons 
who appear to have derived the greatest benefit from the 
unprecedented sum expended on paupers the year past are 
those that have kept them by the week. To do away 
this evil in future, as far as practicable, we beg leave to 
suggest that in addition, to putting up paupers at auction 
in town meetings when it becomes necessary to assist any 
indigent persons, in the iterim of meetings, that the Over- 
seers publicly notify for proposals to be handed into them, 
for furnishng to such paupers, that relief that they may deem 
necessary. 

JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, JR., 
EBEN'R INGLEE, 

Committee. 



MUNICIPAL LIPF.. 



327 



To the Hon. Stephen Jones, Esq., Judge of Probate for the 
( Jounty of Washington : 
Ebenezer Inglee, William Emerson and John 0. Talbot, 
Overseers of the Pour in the town of Maohias, in said 
County. Represent, that Samuel Burnhard of said Machias, 
a non compos, and incapable to take care of himself and 
by mispending his estate is liable to become chargable to the 
town for his maintainance : They, therefore request that 
inquisition thereof lie made and a Guardian appointed for 
the said Samuel Burnhard as the Law in such cases directs. 

EBENEZER INGLEE, 
WM. EMERSON, 
JOHN C. TALBOT, 

Selectmen of Machias. 

Washington, ss. The Hon. Stephen Jones, Esq., Judge 
of Probate and of Wills etc for the County of Washington. 

To the Selectmen of the town of Machias in said County. 

Greeting: Tn compliance with the foregoing request, 
and by virtue of the Law of the Commonwealth, in such 
cases made and provided, you are hereby directed to make 
Inquisition, as to the fact therein set forth, and if you shall 
adjudge the said Samuel Burnhard, therein named, to be in- 
capable of taking care of himself, you are to certify, the 
same under your hands, to me as soon as may be. 

Given under my hand and Seal, tins first day of January 

A. D. 1819. 

STEPHEN JONES. 

On the twenty-second day of July 1819 Mr. John 
Jameson presented a bill for groceries furnished, as salt. 
meal, milk, molasses etc.. to and "delivered to the English 

Passengers, by order of the Overseers of the Poor of 
Machias." 

Who the "Passengers" were or how they came chargeable 
to the town remains unexplaine 1. 

It will lie remembered that for several years succeeding the 
termination of the Revolutionary war. all principal town offi- 



328 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

cers were required to subscribe to the so called "Iron-clad 
oath" — made necessary by an act of the State Legislature. 

For a time subsequent to the closing of the war of 1812 — 
14, a similar oath was required of Judges of Courts, of 
practicing attornies and others prominent in official life. 

The following is a copy of the oath used in Washington 
County Courts held at Machias. 

STATE OF MAINE. 

I, , do swear that I will support the Constitution of 

the United States, and of this State, so long as I shall con- 
tinue a citizen thereof. So help me God. 

I, , do swear that I will faithfully discharge to the best 

of my ability, the duties incumbent on me, according to the 
Constitution and laws of the State. So help me God. 

Names. Office. Date. 

John Balkham, Justice of the Sessions, Sept. 5, 1820. 

Thomas Ruggle*, Justice of the Sessions, Sept. 7, 1820. 
Jonathan D. Weston, Justice of the Peace, 7, 

County Attorney, 
John Bucknam, Justice of Peace, 

Thomas Ruggles, C. J. of Sessions, "") 

Moses Fuller, J. of Sessions, I Dec. 20, 1820. 

Peter Talbot, Jr, . J. of Sessions. J 

Geo. S. Smith Justice of Peace and of 

the Quorum, Dec. 20, 1820. 

Rufus K. Porter, do do 

John C. Talbot, Justice of the Peace, Apr. 17, 1821. 

Josiah Harris, Clerk of the Judicial 

Courts in Washington 

County, Apr. 25 1821. 

John Balkham, Chief Justice of the 

Court of Sessions, June 20, 1821. 
Solomon Thayer, Attorney at Supreme 

Court, July 9, 1821. 

Joseph Hill, Same, 

Jesse Lander. Deputy Sheriff. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 



829 



Levi Stowell, Justice of the Peace, Mar. 3, 1823. 

Anson (}. Chandler, Att'yofS. J. Court, July, 1st. L823. 
Frederic Hobbs, Att'y of S. J. Court, " " " 

John Baboook, Alien Naturalized, Sept. 17, 1823. 

Solomon Adams, Minister to solemnize 

marriages, July ; ">, 1825. 

The culminating point on the division of the original 
township into three separate towns is seen in the termination 
of the canvas for the location of Washington Academy in 
1828. Personal feeling became decided and more 
prominence given to the Separation question than had 
existed previously, and for three years, between the settle- 
ment of the Academy question and the final division of the 
town the canvas was lively. No scars were left; no spirit of 
retaliation was manifested, only the "meekness" that follows 
disappointment Probably no other town contributed so 
many non-resident students as Machias, thus showing in- 
terest and hopefulness for the Academic Institution. 

The legislative Act setting off Hast Machias and 
Maohiasport, narrowed the territorial limits and left the 
original and first settled plat of less than half its original 
size. The valuation and population was likewise diminished. 

In 1820 the U. S. census of Washington Co., showed 
Machias the largest town in the County. — 2,038— Eastport, 
2nd., 1,937, Lubec 3rd, 1,430 while Calais was lis. Houlton 
then in this Co., 117. 

The Act of Incorporation of the two towns was approved 
by Gov. A. K. Parris, Jan. 24, l s "Jn. In East Machias the 
first town meeting was held at the meeting house on the 
6th of March, and John Dickinson was elected Moderator, 
The first selectmen were. M. .1. Talbot, William Simpson, 
William Pope. The following names were placed in the box 
to serve as jurors: Wiliam Pope, Roswell Hitchcock, 

Caleb Cary, N. W. Foster, Edward Foster, A. M. Poster, 
John Knox, M. J. Talbot. Luther Hall, Moses Hovey, 
Samuel Gardner, William Simpson, Q-owin Wilson. Peter 

Talbot, dr.. Dennis Garland, Nathaniel Wilson. The 



330 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

foundation of a new town necessitated the transaction of a 
large amount of business. The following vote was passed: 
"That the Selectmen be a committee to make inquiry and 
ascertain upon what conditions' a Gospel minister may be 
procured to preach in this town, and to take such measures 
relative to the same as they may think proper, and to report 
their proceedings at an adjourned meeting." In August 
the town and Congregational church together hired Mr. 
Wales Lewis. The town voted $400 for the support of the 
ministry. 

About 1800 David Gardner, a Quaker from Nantucket, 
settled at the outlet of Gardner's Lake. After several years 
he sold to Mr. Chase and Mr. Foster and the settlement was 
known as Chase's Mills. 

Capt. Ephraim Chase of Freetown, Mass., whose wife was 
Lydia Hathaway, came and settled at the outlet of Gardner's 
Lake. His eldest son, William, built and occupied the 
house on the hill afterwards owned by Ephraim Seavey. 
Another son, Appollos, then lived in one half of a house 
directly in front of the Congregational church. The other 
half was occupied by the family of Deacon Samuel Foster, 
whose wife was a sister of Mrs. Appollos Chase. 

Mr. Chase afterwards removed to a farm near the outlet of 
Chase's mills stream, near the residence of Deacon Brown. 
Deacon Foster built a house where Austin Harris' house 
now stands. Moses Foster whose wife was Drucilla West, 
owned what is known as "Willow farm." 

Joel Foster, a brother of Moses, and the father of late 
S. C. Foster, of Pembroke, owned and lived on the farm 
where Mr. H. Kingsley now lives. Another brother, John 
Wooden Foster lived where John Elder lives. 

Eliakim West lived on the western side of Gardner's Lake, 
nearly opposite A. J. Elder's homestead. He afterward 
moved to the mill villiage where he worked for his brother- 
in-law, Mr. Foster. James Huntley lived on the west side 
of Gardner's Lake not far from the homestead of Samuel 
Dowling. Daniel Huntley lived near, and carried the U. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 331 

S. mail on his bark from Lubec to Maehias, one trip a 
week. 

John Munson. one of the heros of the famous "Munson 
slide, " on Whittemore's mountain lived near the southern 
side of Gardner's Lake. 

Mr Barnes lived near Mr. Munson, he sold out to 
Eliakim West, Jr., and moved to the Barley farm. 

Mr. Joseph Hill, the great-grandfather of Lyman O. Hill, 
lived at the east side of Gardner's lake, close to the lake and 
one third of a mile west of Enoch Hill's. 

Aaron Hanscom lived on the place now occupied by 
Henry ( ioocli. Wallace Fenlason lived on the farm now 
occupied by Horace and Albert Duellv. 

Thomas Hanscom lived on the farm now owned by 
Jotham Lawrence. Sylvanus Hanscom, whose wife was 
Etta Averill, lived on the farm occupied by Mrs. Alfred 
Hanscom. 

The names of those who subscribed for Rev. Mr. 
Stone's salary. in East Machias, in 1833: Peter 
Talbot, Jr.. Dennis Garland, Itoswell Hitchcock. Silas 
Turner, J. (\ Talbot, C. W. Foster. P. A. and 0. Burrall, 
Caleb Cary, John F. Harris. Israel Hovey, Jeremiah 
Foster, Jr., Win. Pope. Theophilus Doe, Charles Townsend, 
George Harris, I. I). Ward, Cyrus Sanborn, Daniel Foster, 
Jonas Pearce, L. Trescott Avery, Pearl Howe. James A. 
Gardner. Atkins Gardner. Jabez West, Stephen Hill. 
Alvin Cutler, John M. Gould, .lames G. Whittemore, 
J.A.Simpson, Ephraim Chase, Daniel Savage. Z. M. 
Crocker) John Burley, Samuel Bagley, James E. Avery. 
John E. Seavey, John Dickinson. Elisha D. Chaloner, 

Edward H. Wiswell Thomas Gardner Alfred Foster. John 
K'ciwin. Silas Chase. 11. S. Chase, Samuel Gardner, 
Ebenezer Gardner, John Bryant, George Barman, Thomas 
M . May hew, W. A. Poster, Stephen II. West, Edward 
Foster, .lames Poster, Solomon C. Seavey, Lucy H. Poster, 
Stephen T. Poster, George Poster, John S. Seavey, Josiah 
Barris, John Knox. Samuel Crosby, Simeon Chase, S. II. 
Talbot, Geqrge Seavey, Abraham McQuillan, Nathaniel 



332 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Harmon, Ellis Andrews, William Chase, Jr., Alfred Ames, 
Foster & Norton, George H. Avery, Hiram Harmon, M. J. 
Talbot, Eben Blackman. 

In 1836 the Union meeting house now Congregational was 
built. There were 160 shares at $25 each ; the names of those 
owning shares were : Peter Talbot Jr. George Harris, C. 
W. Foster, Simeon Chase, John E. Seavey, Charles Foster, 
Israel Hov^y, Jonas Pearce, Roswell Hitchcock, Stephen 
Dwelly, Jeremiah Foster, Jr., William Marsh, M. J. 
Talbot, Walter Bobbins, J. C. Talbot, Edward Foster, 
J. A. Lowell, Sylvanus Seavey, James Foster, Eben Black- 
man, Jabez W. Foster, Ellery Turner, George W. Simp- 
son, Edward S. Wiswell, Alfred Ames, Ovid Burrall, James 
E. Avery, Atkins Gardner, Theophilus Doe, Charles P. 
Hovey, A. M. Foster, Silas Chase, Alfred Foster, Peter T. 
Harris, John Knox, John S. Seavy, Samuel Gardner, 
Luther Hall, Joseph Dwelly, William Chase, Jr., Thomas 
Stone, Alvin Cutler, Caleb Cary, Thomas Gardner, Appollos 
Chase, Ebenezer Gardner, George Harmon, William Silley, 
Foster & Norton, H. J. Chase, John F. Harris, William 
Pope, Gowin Wilson, Warren F. Hovey, Stephen H. West. 

The Congregational church edifice was built by John E. 
Sevey. In years previous the old meeting house was used. 
People came on Sundays from all the surrounding settle- 
ments. The old meeting house was two stories high ; the 
upper one was built with a gallery on either side with large 
pews that would seat a dozen persons. The pulpit was high 
with stejis leading up to it. A sounding board was sus- 
pended over the minister's head the Rev. Mr. Steele; 
opposite the pulpit was a gallery in which the choir sang. 
No heating apparatus but foot stoves were used. Those 
who came from a distance brought noon lunches. In 
summer the people who lived around Gardner's lake on 
Sundays crossed the lake in canoes bringing their wives and 
children. They landed at Chase's mills, carried the canoe 
to the river and then paddled down to Hitchcock's Landing. 

The town clerk agreeable to custom posted intentions of 
marriage three weeks in succession in the church vestibule. 



MUNICIPAL LIFE 333 

AN OFFERING TO LOCAL HISTORY. 

East Marinas was settled in L766, known as Eastern 
Kails, 'till L826. 

Peter Talbot came to Marinas in 17^1 from Stoughton, 
Mass. His wife was Lucy Hammond of Brookline, Mass. 
They were among the first settlers of the town of Marinas 
and lived to an advanced age. 

Washington Academy was located in East Marinas and 
opened, A. D. 1823. Thr building and land a] on which 'it 
stands was given b] the inhabitants of East Machias. 

The town of Marinas was divided into three towns. A. I). 
1826. 

In thr month of 'January, L827, a Temperance Society was 
formed in East Machias, being thr first Society for the pro- 
motion of the cause of temperance in this section of the 
country. 

Prof. Roswell D. Hitrhrork, of the Union. Theo. 
Seminary New York City, was born at East Marinas. 
received his Academic education at Washington Academy in 
liis native village. 

Prof. Samuel Harris of Yale College, is a native of Easl 
Marinas and received his Academical course of study at 
Washington Academy. 

Win. C. Talbot, merchant of San Francisco is a native of 
East Marinas. 

A ndrew J. Pope of San Francisco recently deceased was 
born at East Machias and lived in that village with his 
parents, until his removal to San Francisco; died in L879. 
He was a millionaire 

Frederio Talbot merchant of New York city is a native 
of East Machias son of the late Peter Talbot. Jr. 
Stephen 0. Talbol and Lowell Talbot, brothers and Imsiness 
partners in New York city wen- born ami educated in East 

Machias. 

P. Foster Folsom, merchant at Boston, Rev. M. J. 
Talbot. I). 1).. at Providence, K. 1.. Rev. Henry L. Talbol 
of Durham, X. II.. are natives of Easl Machias. 



334 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Thos. H. Talbot of Brookline, Mass., and George F. 
Talbot of Portland, Maine, brothers and Counsellors at Law, 
are natives of East Machias. 

Leonard Scott, of the Leonard Scott Publishing Company, 
New York city, is a son of Mark Scott, long since deceased 
whose father was one of the early settlers of Machias whose 
homestead was burned by the English, before the Revolution 
at East Machias near a locality called the Rim. 

Stephen C. Foster, who died in 1876 in Pembroke, Maine, 
was a native of East Machias and lived there until a few 
years previous to his last illness. He was a member of 
Congress representing the District of Majne four years. 

The business of this town is lumbering and shipbuilding; 
the vessels built being largely owned by the inhabitants of 
the village. 

The timber on this river is now pretty thoroughly cut and 
destroyed by wasting fires. 

The attention of the people has therefore been of late 
directed to agriculture. 

The soil is good for grass, wheat, potatoes and other 
products. 

The raising of wheat was increased during the years, 1877 
and 1878 more than four fold. 

People are intelligent, industrious, temperate, economical 
and thrifty. 

A factory for Fern Extract intended for tanning purposes 
was erected and put in operation at the expense of $25,000, 
during the year 1877. After being in operation two or three 
months, the Agent found his efforts in securing a market 
for the extract ineffectual ; the work ceased and the mill 
closed. Since which there has been nothing done; the 
enterprise being considered a total failure. 

The first school teacher was Mrs Elizabeth Foster, whose 
maiden name was Scott, wife of Col. Benjamin Foster. 
The second teacher was John Walker, an Englishman. 
The third teacher was Capt. Benjamin Crocker, whose father 
was an orthodox minister at Taunton. Mass. He had two 
sisters living here, Mrs. George Stilhnan aud Mrs. Ralph 



MUNICIPAL I.IKE. S33 

Hart Bowles. Capt. Crocker was an uncle to the late 
Deacon Win. A. Crocker of Maohias. 

The first Schoo] house was built opposite the present 
Congregational Vestry on Main street; it was finished with 
rough boards and benohes. 

The fourth teacher in East Machias was Arthur Hill 
Gillmor, who taught the first school in this school house, the 
previous schools before mentioned were kept in dwelling 

houses. 

The first church or meeting house as then called was 
built near .James O. Robinson's dwelling house, and is now 
standing, having been transformed into a grocery and dry 
goods store, and is now. L879, owned and occupied by Mr. 
Robinson. Religious services were held in this building, 
and the few early settlers of the village assembled regularly 
on Sabbath days. Among them was Deacon Libbey, who 
was leader in singing psalms and hymns. He then lived in 
that pari of Machias now named Machiasport, about half 
way between present village of Machiaspbrt and Machias. 

The first regular minist< r was Rev. Mr. Lyon, who 
preached alternately at West Falls and East Falls. He was 
a Congrej ationalist and lived with his family at West 
Machias. 1 hen called. 

He was succeeded by Rev. Clark Brown, a native of 
Massaohus tts. His Parish was the whole original town of 
Machias now I l s 7'.») constituting five separate towns. 

The next minister was one Murphy, who came from the 
Province of Neva Scotia. 

[t is as true as it seems strange, that many families and 
many persons who endured the experiences and privations 
of t lie War of the Revolution should be living ami called to 
| SSS through a Second war and with the same Nation ms the 

first, but Buch was the experience of the people of Machias. 

The war of 1812 -'14 was severely felt on the coast of 
Maine. Machias being largely a lumber and shipbuilding 
place, by embargo acts, blockades of ports and the over- 
powering work of the extensive Br. navy, put a stop to 
shipping, contracted ami suspended the manufacture of 



336 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

lumber and hedged trade in narrow confines, so that "trying- 
times" prevailed several years during and after the war. 

Prosperity hardly regained its former foothold until 1820 
or later. After this business activity became manifest. 

A new building was erected for the County Courts, the 
same as now standing opposite the Cong, church, Centre 
street. The Courts were held here 'till January, 1855. A 
few individuals built and owned the house, renting it to the 
County, by the term or annually. About the same time 
the "Toll Bridge" was built. This shortened the distance 
between Machias and East Machias by two miles, as the 
travel had been by way of Middle River since the town was 
settled. 

Several new dwellings were built along in the decade end- 
ing in 1830; a better class of houses than had before been 
in use. Notably the one built by the late Obadiah Hill, 
now occupied by his grandson, Samuel W. Hill. This was 
provided with a furnace the first in the town, also with 
water supply running through pipes from a spring a fourth 
of a mile distant. This was the first water service in the 
place. 

The first settlers of Machias did not prove to be farmers 
though they left a section of Maine where farming was a 
leading industry. In some of the Petitions to the General 
Court they acknowledged themselves short of agricultural 
products much of the time, being "lumbermen they had no 
time for farm work. 

The extensive forests of timber, notwithstanding the 
ravages of fire, have afforded employment and livelihood for 
a large per centage of the population. At this time lumber- 
ing is the chief industry. There are but few, not a half 
dozen on the old Machias territory, that are paying farms. 
It may be the soil is not adapted to tillage, but it is more 
probable that the quick returns from cutting in lumber 
proves more satisfactory. 

For a period of fifty years ending 1900 the lumber 
operators were a thrifty class of men. Many of them com- 
bined shipbuilding with lumbering, so that one time along 



MUNICIPAL LIFE 



337 



O 
> 

> 
X 



X 

c 




MUNICIPAL LIFE. 3."»K 

in the seventies, the tonnage owned by residents <>f Machias 
was valued at $200,000. 

During the above period the saw mills on the river and 
timber- lands were nearly all owned by resident operators; 
these same men owned or controlled a Large fleet of coasting 
vessels, hence, not only the current expenses of carrying on 
the business, l>n< the entire profits were retained for use in 
the local community. 

The same was true of East Machias. Notwithstanding the 
population showed no gain the valuation was notably in- 
creased. Machiasport became a shipping port. Vessels 
loaded at Machias or at East Machias would call at Machias- 
port and wait orders. After 1842 when the W'hitneyville 
and Machiasport Railroad was completed the shipping 
business became extensive, — all the lumber made at Whitney - 
ville was carried by cars and loaded into vessels "at the 
Port.'' At that time there were ten single saws on the dam 
in Whitney ville, all in operation, besides lath and shingle 
machines. The R. R. was continued in operation by 
proprietors of the mills in Whitneyville, until 1894, when 
the business became limited, not sufficient to meet cost of 
re-building and repairing the road. Until the fire of 
October, 1902, Mr. C. Sullivan, the proprietor run a gang, 
single saw. lath and shingle mill, drawing the products to 
Machias by teams of horses as the nearest shipping port. 
Sixteen to twenty horses were thus employed. 

The speculation years 18)57, --'38 resulted in a change of 
considerable real estate. This ohange of titles operated to 
introduce new. rather than increase of business. In 18 11 --'42 
the upper dam was built and machinery placed, known as 
"Harwood Mills" owned at tirst by a stock company, residents 
of Boston and .Machias. About 1856 S. W. Pope & Co. 
bought the nulls and operated until they (dosed their 
business on the river, when the late John K. Ames became 
successor. Mr. Ames continued the lumber business until 
the formation of the Machias Lumber Co., 1900, when the 
Barwood property, mills and timber-lands, later the Pope 



330 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

firms with all the saw mills on the Lower Dam were merged 
in the M. L. Co. 

In 1902 the Pope — Ames mills, all except the "stream 
gang" were demolished and a new mill run by steam placed 
on the site. 



A TOWN THAT IS OR WAS TO BE. 

A pamphlet in 1836 was circulated among the capitalists 
in Boston and other places of which the following is a text. 
Very few people ever knew how near Machias came to be a 
large town. I give it place as a matter of record: 

Machias Water Power and Mill Company. 

A statement of the Water power, real estate, and facilities 
belonging to the Company and their proposed operations. 
Boston : Printed by John Ford, 1835. 

The following estates are on the Machias Waters, one of 
the first rivers in the State of Maine, having an abundant 
supply of excellent pine and other lumber, and a never fail- 
ing stream of water, with an abundant head and fall for 
manufacturing purposes. 

The Water power and estates exhibited by the plan here- 
with, extend from twenty feet of navigable water about four 
miles on the river, comprising the most valuable property 
in the center of that thriving town. This river is navigable 
for ships or vessels of any burthen ; and they may come up 
in safety and load within a few feet of the lower mills, at all 
seasons of the year, excepting only a few days when ob- 
structed by ice. It will be recollected that Machias is the 
Shire town of the County of Washington, and is fast in- 
creasing in population and 'wealth. It is very justly ad- 
mitted, by those best acquainted, that this river combines 
more and greater advantages than any other in the State — 
and these estates are situated at the head of ship navigation, 
as will be seen by the plan. 

It is proposed to put the following property into stock 
and form a Joint Stock Company, with a capital of three 



MUNICIPAL LIFE. 



340 



C "' C" S" < ~ * 

<" T- ft 2 <* " l 




mi NICIPAL LIFE. 341 

hundred and fifty thousand dollars, in transferable shares of 
one hundred dollars each. 

The estates and Water power on plan S220,000,00 

Expense of building 38 saws and 11) lath 

machines, estimated to cost SI, 500, 

each including dams, piers and booms, 57,000 

Expense of purchasing 79 16 saws and 

lath machines now on the river, at 

$8,000, 60,500,00 



$337,500,00 

Which, inoluding 7 1-6 in the estates above, make 46 saws 
and 23 lath machines, viz: — 

Dam No. 1, 10 saws. 

" 2, 16 " 

" 3, 10 " 

" 4, 10 " 

giving one lath machine to two saws; a tptal of ten dams 
and 46 saws. (Some Machias wag wrote on the margin of the 
phamphlet, — -"Ten dams, 46 curses.) 

Then there is water power to spare for about twenty saws, 
thai may be used by the company or rented. 

INCOME. 

16 saw mills will rent $1,000 each, clear of 

repairs, $46,000 

2:\ lath machines will rent 8500. each. 11,500 

Rent of buildings now on the land. 1,200 

Rent of mowing, pasture and tillage lands, 1,000 

Rent of ( irist and fulling mill, per annum. 400 
Annual increased value of MOO lots at $200 

each at six per cent. 9,600 

S'Ui.700 



342 HISTORY OF MACHJAS. 

Amount forward, $69,700 

Less officers salaries and contingent 

expenses, 4, 700 

$65,000 

Dam No. 1, 10 saws at $8,000, $80,000 

Dam No. 2, 16 saws at $8,000, 128,000 

" " 3, 10 " " $7,000, 70,000 

" " 4, 10 " " $6,000, 60.000 

Eight hundred building lots, 

I acre each, at $200, 160,000 
Dwelling houses and buildings 

on premises, 20,000 
Grist mill and fulling mill 

with water privilege, 3,600 
Remainder of Machias estates, 

1250 at $30, 37,500— 221,100 

$559,100 

Many of the above lots will now sell for $5,000 each, and a 
fair average value may be estimated at $3,000 each, amounting 
for the 800 lots, to $240,000. 

It is to be seen that the Company at the above low value, 
may sell property to the amount of $221,100, which will 
leave the 46 saws and 23 lath machines, with the entire 
river and water privileges, at a cost to them of $116,400, 
paying an annual income of $57 900, — subject only to 
officers salaries and contingent expenses. 

It is believed by those best acquainted with the property 
that the afore mentioned 800 lots, may be fairly estimated at 
$300 each, at which price when sold, the entire cost to the 
company of all the mills and privileges would be reduced to 
$33,400, paying a yearly income of $57,000, being nearly 175 
per cent on the actual cost. And, it is believed that the 
foregoing sales" can, at least be made and realized in season 
to meet the second and third payments for the stock. 

The foregoing income is based on each saw cutting one 



MUNICIPAL I. II I . 343 

million feel per annum at one dollar per thousand feet, and 
the usual price of the country will show as follows viz: 

Fortj 3aws will cui 16 millions of lumber the saws to be 
supplied by purchase of lumber in the log, which can be 
ma I ■ at the mills at ST. per thousand feet, allowing $2. per 
thousand saw reni and sawing, makes the Lumber when 
sawed and piled at the mill, to cost $9. per thousand feet, 
the present value of which is $12. per thousand. Leaving 
|4,000, per year for reni per raw. But suppose it to fall to 
sin j er thousand, then $2,000 a year for each saw would be 
the result, -just double the Eoregoing estimated rent. In 
proof of this, take the lumber IV in the tree, and the result 
would be thus: — 

Stumpage, s:; per thousand: cutting, hauling and driving, 
per thousand: sawing, Si per thousand, making $7. 
Value of the lumber at the mills $10, leaving s;} ] H >r 
thousand, for rent of the saw. or $3,000 a year and the pi 
assumed in this calculation for cutting, hauling and driving, 
may be reduced to $2. per thousand. Leaving $4,000 per year 
rent for the saw, aside from the income , of the lath machines, 
which is universally known to be supplied from the slab of 
the log, that would otherwise be of no value. 

There is on the river that must come into it about thirteen 
townships of pine timber, equal in quality and value to any 
in the State, besides other timber that may come into these, 
or other waters, as may be seen by the ma])-, and it re- 
quires no argument to show that at the present high prices at 
which these lands are now held, the holders must operate 

immediately and extensively to keep down the interest on 
the cost and to do so they must command all of this water 
power, even at an advance of the foregoing estimated rent. 

It will be borne in mind that this water power is situated 
next adjoining tide water, and of oourse is far more valuable 
than any other on the river above it. of which there are but 
two sites, the one about four and one half miles iWhitnev- 

vi lie) from the tide and the other (Holme's Falls) about 
nine miles. 



344 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

There is now on the river a stock of logs sufficient to em- 
ploy the present saws three years. The holders of the 
timber-lands cannot operate for that length of time unless 
they command the present unimproved water power. In 
any view of the case, it is clearly the fact that the water 
power effectually locks up and controls that immense 
quantity of timber, that must come into the river to be 
sawed. 

The Stock being all subscribed, the Company was 
organized at Boston, October 31, 1835. 

SALEM TOWNE, 
SAMUEL A. MORSE, 
EDWARD ELDRIDGE, 
Trustees. 

THOMAS A. DEXTER, 

Treasurer. 



Genealogy. 



TX preparing genealogy of Marinas families, and bio- 
■!■ graphical notices, 1 have called to my aid the services of 
some member of the family, ot of some friend and ac- 
quaintance, to furnish the same as much in detail as space 
would permit. 

In the main it is hoped the reports will be found correct. 

Errors no doubl have been made, as no labor of the kind 
• •an lie extensive and complete. 

Some families may feeJ disappointed in being left out. 
Tn must cases it came through indifference. Some one of 
the earliest and older families, resident and non-resident, 
were called on either by letter, by advertising in newspapers 
or by both Eor a report. The omission cannot fairly be 
placed as neglecl on pari of the author of this hook. 



THE AVERY FAMILY. 

Avery James, b. Nov. 29, L758, a native of Connecticut; 
in. Rebecca Ivies, b. in Iiostoii. Nov. ~>'2. 1 T < '» 1 ; in. Dec. 
L5, 1781. James Avery was elected the first Town Clerk of 
Machias, 1784; also the first town Representative in the 
( ieneral ( 'ourl of Massachusetts. 

James and Rebecca's children : George Ualleburton, b. 
Oct. M. L782; Rebecca, b. Feb. II. L785; .lames Edward, 
b. March 20, 17-7 : John (J. \\\. b. May 23, L789; Sally, b. 
1791, d. 1873; Elizbeth Carter, b. L793, d. May 1 1. L836. 



34 (> HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

James Avery died in 1798 at the age of forty, at Machias, 
on the farm near the Rim, where he lived and where his 
family were born. The Avery house was occupied by 
descendants many years after his death. His widow married 
Major Lemuel Trescott, whose first wife was a sister of James 
Avery. After this she lived in Lubec and died there at the 
age of seventy-five. 

George H. m. Elizabeth Foster of East Machias; 
children: Susan, James, L. Trescott, Elizabeth A., 
Rebecca, Mary, Caroline, Levi. 

Sarah m. - - Libby ; one child, George. Susan in. 
James Stuart; children: Joseph, Lucinda, Edgar, Elmer, 
Frank. Susan died in California; Joseph moved to 
California; Lucinda m. Harlan P. Smith of Machias; 
children: Susan, Frank, Lillian. Susan m. George Rice; 

Frank m. ; Lizzie in. ■ ; no children; all 

live in San Francisco. 

James of James^ in. Abagail Hoyt of Machias; three 

children: Halleburton, Amanda, ; moved to New 

York. 

L. Trescott m. Zarah A. Hoyt; four children: Hender- 
son, Miranda, George, Edwin. Henderson, m. Maggie 
Cosseboom ; one child : Henderson, who was lost at sea. 
His family moved to Franklin, Mass. 

Miranda m. Henry Raymond and moved to "White's Point, 
Wisconsin. 

Edwina of L. Trescott m. George W. Pope of East 
Machias; children: Grace B., Edith, Georgia. Grace m. 
Capt. Benno von Heineccina, of the Prussian army, they 
live in Berlin, Germany; no children. Edith m. Wallace 
Buell; children: Geo. P., Trescott A., Wallace; they live 
in Sydney, C. B. Mrs. Pope and daughter Georgia live 
in Brookline, Mass. George W. Pope died Dec. 9, 1875, 
aged 43. 

Elizabeth m. - — Gardner; one child: Theophilus. 

Mary m. Joseph Miles; children: William. Mary of 
James m. , lived and died in Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Gl M VI OGY. 847 

Rebecca of James, m. Luther W. Po] f Last Machias; 

children: Rebecca, Ba riet, Abagail, Louisa, James. 

Rebecca of Luther m. — West of Machias ; children: 
Brien, Mary, James. Mary m. Wiswell; family moved 

away. 

Harriet m. Alberi Cusbing; children: George 11.. 
.lames W. George m. Sarah McGurk of Eastport; 
children: Mollie, Georgia. Molliem. Frederic Harrington', 
two children. 

Georgia m. Oscar Young of Eastport. George 1!. in. 
2nd. Mrs. Ada (Pike) McAllep of Lul.ee. He has been 
operator in telegraph office ai Eastporl thirty-sis years. 

.lames \V. lives in New Haven. Conn. 

Louisa m Josiah P. Davis of Lubec; children: Samuel, 
Thaddeus, Andrew J., Harriet. Cyrus, Silas. Ursula. 
( )rlando, ( )mer. 

Samuel m. and moved to a western slate. Thadeus died 
in New Brumswick. Andrew m, Louisa Fenwick: three 
children ; he died at sea 

Harriet m. Joseph. Allen, moved to Kalamazoo, Mich,; 
five children. One of Louisa's daughtersm. E. M. Lawrence 
of Lubec; Abagail m. Neal Pettegrew; several children. 

Moved to Wisconsin. 

James went away when young and was never heard from. 

Rebecca of .lames m. — . She died in Lubec leav- 

ing a family of small children, 

.lames E., sou of .lames went to Boston, was in business 
there; died w hen a young man. 

John G. W. Avery, fourth child of James, died in Lubeo 
May I s . L860; m. Persis Reynolds of Pembroke; one 
daughter, Persis; m. Prank Tyler, moved to Sparta. Wis. . 
children: Walter, Lillie, Rosa John m. 2nd. Mary 
Huckins of Lubeo; ohildren: Charles, .lames. JohnG. W.. 
rge H.. Rebecca, Albion. Charles m. Lydia Pike of 
Eastport; children: Gertrude, Ruth, Charles. Charles 
died in Eastporl aged thirty-seven. His family moved to 
B ston. .lames died in Lubec iu L885; m. Jane Pulsifer of 
X. 1!.. no children, 2nd m. Lovina Webber of Lubec 



348 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

children: Jennie, John. Jennie m. Frederic Kennedy of 
Lubec; four children : John m. Annie Bradshaw, Boston,. 
one child. 

John G. W. was born in Lubec, 1827, died in Belleville, 
111., 1876. buried in B., 111. m. Abagail Leeds. Cape May, 
N.J. 2d., Sally Eberman, St. Louis, Mo.: children: 
Camelia, Gertrude. John G. W. served in the Civil War, 
was with Sherman in his "March to the Sea." 

George H. was born in Lubec, 1830, died Jan. 25, 1903; m. 
Eunice Schofield, Lubec; children: Lizzie, Edward, 
William, Lillie, Lottie, flalleburton, Clarence, Henry, 
Mattie, Albion. 

Lizzie m. Edward Steadly of Berwick; two children. 
Edward m. Nancy Clark of Lubec, four children. William 
m. Bertha Small of Lubec, three children' Lillie m. Albert 
Webber of Boston, one child. Lottie m. Chester Pike of 
Lubec, two children. Halleburton m. Myra Bithea, 
Linneus, Me., two children. Clarence m. Addie Green, 
Lubec. Henry m. Susie Whalen, Lubec, four children. 
Mattie m. Henry Ramsdell, of Lubec, live in Portland. 
Albion lives in Lubec with his mother. 

Rebecca T. was born in Lubec, July 30, 1834; m. Captain 
N. C. Huckins of L., eight children: Gertrude, Avery, 
Ada, Albion, Frank, Charles, Ida, Ina. 

Ada m. Captain L. G. March of Ellsworth, live in Ballard 
Vale, Mass. 

Frank m. Pearl Guptill, Grand Manan, N. B. ; children : 
Ina lives in Lubec, other two children are young. Albion, 
born Nov. 20, 1840, enlisted in the 17th U. S. Infantry, 
March, 1862, in the War; was killed at the battle of 
Fredericksburg Dec. 14, 1862. 

Sarah of James m. John Small of Lubec; children: 
Sarah, John. Sarah m. Walter Dewey, one child, Edna, 
live in Massachusetts. John m. Sarah Phelps. Lubec; 
children : Halleburton, Addie, Rose, John, Maggie. 
John was lost at sea — his family live in Providence. R. I. 

Sarah, fifth daughter of James, died in Lubec, 1873. 



GENEALOGY. 348 

Elizabeth 0., sixth child of James, m. Samuel A. 

Lawrence. ( 'herryfield ; ehi Idivn : Samuel, L. TreSOOtt, 

Man. William. George. Samuel m. Christiana Watts. 
Lubec, one child, Willard. L. Trescott, m. Sarah Lam', 

Red Beach; children: Lizzie, George. Lizzie m.— -Bunker 
live in Boston. George m. — , live in Calais. Mary 

in. Joseph Long, live In Cherryfield. William m. Mary A. 
Fowler: children: Mat tie. Charles, Walter, Willie. George 
was drowned, aged -2. 

James Avery of Maehias had two brothers, three; sisters: 
Susanna, Annie. Ruth, John, Robert. Annie m. George 
Halleburton, lived ai Windsor, N. S. Ruthm. — McCurdy. 

St. Andrew.-, later moved to ( lonnecticut. John m. .moved 

to a western state. Rqbert,on his passage from Connecticut 
to Maehias. was taken a prisoner out of his sloop by ( Saptain 
Moor of the Margaretta placed in an exposed position in 
the rigging, thinking the people of Maehias would not fire 
on them, but Robert received a deadly shot and died on the 
deck of the Margaretta, dune 12, 1775. 



ALBEE. 



William Albee, born in Blackstone, Mass.. 1740 ; m. Ellen 
Dillaway, moved to Maehias in 17<> ( .). He was one of the 
■ Iat - in building the first Meeting House. 1771. on the 
lot bought by the town of George Libby. He was one of 
Foster's crew in the battle of June L2, 177.".. [nSeptember, 
177.7. he was a private in Capt. Stephen Smith's Co. and 
later on the pay roll as Lieut, in Capt. Jabez West's Co., 
i;i the Expedition against Nova Scotia. Next be is recorded 
with rank of Adjutant in Capt. West's Co. raised in Nova 
Scotia, of Col. Jonathan Eddy's Regiment. Tn 1777. Dec. 
1st., hi appears with rank of Lieut, of Artillery on muster 
roll of Col. John Allen's R ': Continental Army, where 
he served 'till April 15, L783, making nearly eight year 
sen ice in the Rev< ilution. 



350 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Lieut. Albee built a house in 1785 on the site where the 
Nelson Clark house now stands near Libby Hall. In 1805 
he was appointed Agent for the Eastern Tribes of Indians. 
In 1811 he held the office of Deputy Sheriff. The tract of 
land in Whitney ville, known as "Albee's Meadow," was 
granted to him for his services in the Revolutionery War. 
In 1822 he was granted a Pension of $8 per month. His 
wife having died a short time before he moved to St. 
Stephen, N. B. and lived with his son James, remaining 
there seven years, when he came to Hadley's Lake, East 
Machias, passing the rest of his days with his son William. 
He died in 1836, aged ninety years. 

Children of William and Ellen Albee: Mary m. John 
Palmer; children: Polly m. Mark Cates, Sally m. John 
Berry, Esther m. James Barnard : John, Elisha. Arthur 
m. Betsey Boynton; children : Charles, Mary, George, 
Arthur, Clark, Myra, Lewis, Luther, Calvin, Roswell. 

Polly m. Daniel Palmer, children: Dea. Win. A., 
(once of Whitney ville, ) Phebe, Marian m. Jacob Moulton, 
Alphia m. James Miller, Mercy m. Michael Small, Mary 
m. John Gardner, Daniel, James, Cyrus, Susan m. Atkins 
Cates. W T illiam m. Hannah Harmon; children: Sally m. 
Daniel Huntley, children; William m. Amanda Chase, 
Hannah m. Capt. Joseph Brown, Julia in. Daniel Page, 
Deborah m. Andrew Smith, Webster m. Rose Maker, 
Angelica m. John Huntly. 

John m. Hannah Guptill, 2nd. Nancy Fulton ; children : 
John C, C. Bartlett, Wm. H., Oscar F., Hannah, Deborah, 
Laura, Leverett. 

John C. Albee, Jr. b. at Whitneyville, d. at North 

Carmel, Me., Oct., 1897., Edgar G. in. , lived in 

Snohomish, Wash., d. 1865. 

C. Bartlett Albee, m. Amelia Elwell, live at Northfield, 
children : B. B. unmarried, Deborah m. James McLean, d. 
March, 1894, Evelyn m. Joel Dobbins, live at Richmond, 

Me., Ellis E. resides at Waterville, Laura m. Young, live 

at Stoneham, Mass., m. Charles B., Jr., m. Amanda 
Mallock, live in Northfield, Kate unmarried, Susan m. 



GENEALOGY. 351 

"Win. Maynard, live at Marshfield, Nina lives in Mass- 
achusetts. 

Win. II. Albee, son of John ('.. in. Deborah Longfellow, 
she died in 1^.77 in. 2d. Fidelia Barmon, shediedin Cal., 
1863; in. 3d. Bepzie Smith ; children: Joseph G., George 
lives in Montana. Fred m. — , lives in Northn'eld, 

one child. Harry W. m. Nellie Crocker, two children. 
I lailan died in Montana. 

Oscar F. of John C. died in. Cal., in l s ^l. Laura died on 

the Pacific coast, Leveretl of John C. in. Amanda (Mark, 
she died April 1881, 2nd. Miss Carrie B. Tupper; children: 
Frank S. b. dune '11. 1874, lives at Victor, Montana. Guy 
K. lives at Machias, Melissa of John C, no family, Isahell 
of J. C. in. ; children: Orrin, Hibbard live at 

Denver. CoL, Charles lives at No. Cainiel. Me. 

Deborah m. J. Whidden Longfellow; children: Angeline 
in. B Frank Cleaves, Amanda in. B. Frank Pineo, Hannah 
in. Ama/iah Davis of Harrington, Frank m. Laura 
Harmon, died in the army. Civil war: Kendal (lied in the 
army, John died at St. Louis. Mo.. l s 77. 

William son of Win. m. Harriet Shaw; six children all 
died young: four were burned to death with their house 
in Whitney ville, I ".74. 

Benjamin of Win. m. Lavina Weymouth, 2nd. .Miss 
Huckins; children: Sarah m. Edwin Crane, live in 
Cleveland, <>.. Lincoln. Uriah, Hannah. 

David l'. in Elizabeth Longfellow; children: Sarah m. 
Cleaves, Georgianna m. Harris Bumpus, Mary m. 
Geo. Bumpus, Stephen died young, Leonora m. Mark 
Perry, Uriah, Nathan m. Fannie Armstrong, Annie. 

Lydia m. Lucius Gardner; children: Julia m. 
Dntlie. live in X. II.. Frank died young, Emma m. 
. live in X. H., Frederick living in the West. 

Uriah of Win. in. Crosby; ten ohildren live at 

J I umboldt, ( Sal. 

Nathan m. Amanda Crocker; Children: Anna m. 
Augustus Crocker, died in l^ s ">. Edwin m. . lives in 

Boston, Manager of Keith's New Theatre; children: Cora 



352 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

d. ISS ( .). William, four children lives at New Britian. Conn., 
Mary in. Sohofield, two children, live in Wisconsin. 

Lucinda of William m. A. .1. Baker, 2nd -Bixby;nine 
children. 

Sally in. Ebenezer Gardner; children: Susan in. Cyrus 
Sanborne, Thomas, .lames, Ebenezer, Thaxter, Lucinda m. 
Samuel Starrett, 2nd. Stephen West; children: Lydia, 
Henry, Raymond moved to Dennysville, Julia m. Thomas 
Gardner. 

James m. Hannah Marpole, moved to St. Stephen, N. B. 

Ebenezer m. Sarah Shaw. 2nd. Susan Kingsley; children : 
Sally m. Nath'l. Hoyt, Eleazer, Ebenezer. Henry, Harrison. 
Rhoda m. John Kennison, Deborah, Jane m. Charles 
York, Isaac, Thomas. Sewell. 
Lydia m. Dea. Wm. Gardner; children: Samuel, Lucy 
tn. flames Smith, Lydia m. Charles Tobey, Stilhnan. 
Abigail in.. James Stuart, Ezekiel, Harriet m. Harrison 
Albee, Sarah, Elizabeth, Lucinda. John was frozen to 
death while lost in the woods on St. Croix river, in ISIS. 
Henry m. Jane Crocker; moved to St. Stephen, N. B. 

Arthur D. of Mary and John m. Betsey Boynton; 
children: Charles, Mary died young, George. Arthur, 
Clark, Mary m. John Andrews, Lewis, Luther, Calvin, 
Roswell. 



COL. JOHN ALLEN. 

John Allen, eldest son of William Allen, born in Edin- 
burgh Castle. Scotland, Jan. 3, 1746, William born about 
the year 1720, a Scottish gentleman, and an officer in the 
Br. Army, married July 9, 1744, Isabella, daughter of Sir 
Eustace Maxwell of Scotland. At the time of the birth of 
his son John, he was residing in Edinburgh Castle, to which 
Fortress his family with others had repaired for refuge 
during the Rebellion. Peace with France being restored in 
1748, the Br. Government offered liberal inducements to all 
who would settle in the New Colony of Nova Scotia. With 
others Wm. Allen and his family emigrated to Halifax. 



GENEALOGY. 353 

.1 lin Allen received a libera] education for the times, and 
ii is inferred thai he was sent to Moro for thai purpose, 
there learning a Lesson in political Rights. <)et. LO, 1767, 
he married May. daughter of Mark Patton, and commenced 
in agricultural and mercantile pursuits. His farm known 
as the "In verney" contained 648 acres. He held several 
public positions, and in the Spring of 1770 was elected 
Representative in the Provincial Assembly, which he held 
"till bis seal was declared vacant for m n attendance, dune 
28, L776. 

When accounts of the battles of Lexington and Hunker Hill 
reached X. S. the strength of Mr. Allan's convictions led 
him to express sentiments regardless of consequences. The 
Provincial Governmen! commenced measures looking to his 
apprehension, on a oharge of treason to the King. His life 
being in danger he resolved to go to the U. S. ; previously 

he had made several excursions among the Indians, and by 
his influence secured for the Colonies the co-operation of a 
large number of the Mic Mac Tribe. He left Cumberland, 
July 3, L776, with a few cmopanions in an open boat, and 
arrived at Passamaquoddy, August 11th. On the 13th they 
entered Machias river. 

In October, 1776, he started for Boston arriving there 
Nov. 1st. He saw many prominent men and the members 
of the Council, hut little promise of aid in furnishing the 
Indians could lie given and he determined to visit Congress 
and Lay the matter before that body. Nov. 29 he started 
fr< in Boston on horse back, arriving at Hartford. Dec. (i, 
Crossed the Hudson at Fish kill, and later fell in with General 

<iatcs. whom he accompanied to the Head Quarters of 
General Washington, dining with Washington on Sunday. 
Dec. 22. He arrived al Baltimore on the 30th and was 
received by Congress, dan. I. 1777. Soon after he was 
appointed Superintendent of the Eastern Indians; laso he 
was commissioned as Colonel of Infantry, having received 
his instructions from John Hancock, lelt Balimore Jan. 17. 
reaching Boston, Feb. '■'>. In May he went on an Expedition 
to St. JoliE River, from Machias. returning in August by 



354 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

way of the lakes and rivers. A large number of Indians 
with families accompanied him in return. About this time 
he assumed his duties as Head of the Eastern Indian 
Department,, supplying the Indians with food received from 
the Government of Mass., keeping an account with the head 
of each family. Owing to the difficulty of obtaining 
supplies, there was often a scarcity and the red men became 
insolent and threatening, he alone having to bear the blame, 
and his life was often in danger. In 1780 he was obliged to 
leave his two oldest sons with the Indians as hostages, 
where they remained more than one year. Colonal Allan 
remained at Machias 'till the close of the war. In July, 
1783, he visited Boston and resigned his position. In 1784 
he returned to Maine. He commenced business on Dudley, 
afterwards known as Allan's Island in the town of Eastport. 
In two years he closed his business and retired at Lubec 
Mills, where he resided until his death, Feb. 7, 1805. The 
burial was on the island where he once lived and now bears 
his name. In 1860, a Monument was erected to his memory 
by his descendants. An iron fence encloses the lot. 

In 1776, the Provincial Council of N. S. ottered a reward 
of £100 for the arrest of John Allan. The attempt did not 
meet with any success. 

Indian Eastern Department, 

Machias, April 27, 178U. 
To the Penobscot!,, Marishute, Madewascow, all the rest of 
the St. John, Passamaquoddy, Mick-macks and all 
others, friends and brothers to America and the French 
Nation : 

Brothers — Peace attend you with the Blessings of the 
Great God to rest on you and family's — My joy is for your 
good health and prosperity — open your eyes, ears and hearts 
— Hear and attend to what I say — I salute you with a loving 
heart. String of Wampum. 

Brothers — I see you have become muoh scattered and 
divided ; that Good Council for your Safety cannot be pro- 



GENEALOGY. 35") 

cured without being more together and knowing one an- 
others' minds. 

Brothers The opportunity will be very advantageous 

.and safe for you to gel together: The supplies and troops 

ordered to this Country for its defense and your Safety by 

America and France, will prevent theenemiesof ourCountry 

from molesting us in our important business. 

Brothers— I do therefore now by this belt of Wampum in 
the name of the good people of the U. S. of America, and by 
the duty and affection due your Ancient Father, the King 
of France, by virtue of the Treaty of Friendship settled and 
confirmed between these two Nations. Summon and require 
you to meet me in Grand Council, to be held at Passama- 
quoddy, as soon as possible after the 28th day of May, and 
for yon to give me notice and inform me thereof. 

Brothers— If you think of your Safety and that of your 
wives and children, you will not neglect this on any account 
whatever. Farewell 'till I see you. 

J. ALLAN, 
Continental Agenl and Com'd in Chief of Indians, Eastern 
Dep't. 

John Allan m. Mary Patton; children: William, born 
in 1768, Mark. 1770, John, 1771. Isabella. 177a, Geo. W., 
1776, Horatio Gates, 1 TT'.». Anna. Elizabeth, twins, in 1787, 
Annie died in Infancy, Winckworth, 17 v s 

Horatio Gates Allan of John m. Alice Crane-, children: 
Charlotte, Elizabeth, Alice, all unmarried. X. Gates m. 

J0S6] Lin.' Rollins, one cluld. Allen (t. 

Henry 1). Allan, grandson of John, in. Catharine J. 
Morong; children: Alvrah, Susan M.. Lizzie, Belle, 

Sarah. Susan m. Daniel W. Smith; children: Lizzie. 
Walter, Alice. Harry L., Edwina, Eva, Howard. Edith, 

Daniel. Lizzie, last two died young. 

Walter in. Frances Bruce, Alice m. A. M Gilpatrick; 
one child, Harry. Harry m. Mildred Bruce, one child, Susie, 
Eva m. Edgar S. Chase; one child. Prances. 



356 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

AMES. 

Mark Ames m. Priscilla Howland ; removed from Marsh- 
field, Mass., to North Haven, Maine, and took up a large 
tract of land ; died in that town. Children of Mark and 
Priscilla Ames: Mark m. Mercy Perry, Benjamin m. 
Margaret Dyer, 2nd. Olive Waterhouse, Experience m. 
Nathaniel Lindsey, Rockland, Anna m. William Dyer, John 
m. Hannah Perry, Capt. Isaac Ames m. Abigail Clark, 
Capt. Abram Ames m. Susan Clark, 2d. Hannah Day, 3d 
Olive Waterhouse, Hezikiah m. Betsey Fowler, 2nd Sally 
Schofield. 

Children of Isaac and Abigail Clark Ames : Capt. Isaac, 
Jr., m. Hannah Stevens, 2nd Thankful Holmes, Alfred m. 
Mary Keller, Benjamin, Priscilla m. Charles Smith, 
Charles m. Charlotte Marston, Warren, Susan m. Morrill 
Marston. 

Children of Capt. Alfred Ames and Mary Keller : John 
Keller Ames m. Sarah Albee Sanborn, Benjamin F. m. 
Mary Ellison, Napoleon B. died young, Martin not 
married, Maria Louisa m. George Furber 

Mrs. Mary G. K. Ames m. Dr. William H. Tobey; 
children : Susan K. Tobey, Alfred H. Tobey, died. 

Children of John K. and Sarah S. Ames: Edwin 
Gardner m. Maude Walker, Port Gramble, Wash., Anna 
Mary m. Fred H. Peavey, Sioux City, Iowa, Julia Pope 
m. R. Clinton Fuller, Providence, R. I., Frank Sanborn, 
Alfred Kellar m. Nellie E. Hill, Calais, Me., Lucy Talbot. 

Children of Benjamin and Mary E. Ames: Charles E., 
Jennie, m. Charles H. Young, Benjamin F., Jr., m. Kate 
G. Lord. Maria Louisa m. Arthur Stevens, Susan m. Lewis 
A. Stevens, Isabel m. James Dillon Gilbert, John Mc- 
Dougal, Eunice Carr, Alfred, and George. 

Children of Jennie M. Ames and Charles H. Young: 
Maybell, Ethel and Ruth. 

Children of Isabell and James D. Gilbert: Alice. 

Children of Maria and Arthur Stevens: Arthur, 
Benjamin. 



GENEALOGY. 



357 




John K. Ames 

Mirchnnt and lumberman at Machias — twenty-five 
years— held various Town I Hikes; Member of the Maine 
two vcars; Collector of Customs, holding the 
positi m at his decease in 19 »l. 



GENEALOGY. 858 

Children of Maria and George Furber: George Pope m. 
Laura Parker, Jane. William in. Mabel Bolden. 

Children of George I', and Laura P. Furber: Edward I'. 
Ilan.ld P. 

Children of \V. 1 Carry and .Mabel Furber : one ohild, Holden. 

Children of Julia Pop'' Ames and U. Clinton Fuller: 
Margaret Ames, Harriet A.. Rufus Clinton, Jr. 



AVERILL. 

Joseph Averill m. Sarah Stone in York, Me., 1776. They 
were early settlers in Machias; children: Daniel, Eda, 
Joseph, Jeremiah, Sarah, Samuel. Hannah, John, Lydia, 
James, Abagail. 

Stephen Averill of Daniel m. Relief Spencer; children: 
Henry, Warren, Juila, Lavinia, Cyrus, Mary and Laura, 
twins. Willard, Daniel. Lewis. Ruth, Susan. Frank. Roseoe, 
Clara died young ; Stephen was noted for skill ns an ox 
teamster; when past eighty years he drove teams in the 

logging woods. Henry m.Mehi table Burpee, 2i d m. — , 

Lavina m. George I. Moore, Mary m. Erastus Guptill, 
Laura m. Peter Weaver, Lewis m. Adaline Davis, Frank 
in. Delia Follansbee. 

Daniel, son of Joseph, m. . 

Lois daughter of Daniel m. Leonard Day. 

Joseph of Joseph m. Dolly Fogg. 

Sarah of Joseph m. Edward Seavy; ohildren: Ruby. 
Stephen, Solomon, Edward. Samuel. .Mary. Rebecca, 
Sylvanus, Hannah. Ambrose, Stillman, John, Sarah. 

Samuel of Joseph m. .lane Cuivy, -\\<\ Eleanor Burpee; 
children: Alexander, Alvin, Luoy, Lewis, William. 

Hannah of Joseph m. Muses Hanscom; children: .lane, 
Levi, George, Sannah, Josiah, David, Phebe, Hannah, 
•lames. Francis. Martha. 

John of Joseph m, Deborah Seavy; ohildren: Phebe, 
Mary. Sarah. Warren. 

Phebe of John m. Myer Bacheller ; Mary m. Charles Cox, 
Sarah m. Samuel 1 lavw ard. 



359 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Lydia of Joseph m. Wm. Cilley. James died unmarried. 

Abagail of Joseph m. John Elsmore children : Julia, 
Lueinda, Arethusa, Louisa, Melissa, John, Mary, Amelia, 
Julia m. Eben Bacon, Lueinda m. Josiah Gooch, Arethusa 
m. Samuel Cushing, Louisa m. Lorenzo Allen, Mary m. 
Lewis Day, Amelia m. John Higgins. 

Eda, daughter of Joseph m. Sylvanus Hanscom ; James, 
Luther, Phebe, Eliza, Alfred, Mary. Phebe m. Stephen 
Dwelley Eliza m. Charles Cox, Mary m. Kingman Smith. 



BOWLES. 

Olfield Bowles from No. Asford, England, was an early 
settler in Massachusetts. Olfield had a son John, the latter 
had a son John, the latter a graduate of Harvard College, 
also a Major in the King's militia. In 1728 he was chosen 
Representative in the General Court for his native town, 
Roxbury. John Bowles 3d had a son Joshua, the last 
named being father of Ralph Hart Bowles of Machias. 
Ralph was a Lieut, in Vose's 1st. Regiment, 1777; pro- 
moted Adjutant in 1779. He served at Saratoga, Mon- 
mouth, Yorktown, and commanded the first Co. of Colonial 
troops that entered New York city on its evacuation by the 
British. 

Ralph Hart Bowles m. Hannah Crocker, Taunton, Mass., 
a near relative of Robert Treat Paine, who signed the 
Declaration of Independence ; children : L. Q. C. died un- 
married; Stephen J. who m. Elizabeth Wallace, Leonard 

in. Catharine C. Lincoln, Wm. A. Bowles m. Philena 

Jateau, Mary Bowles m. Stephen Burrall of New York. 
Children of Stephen : Dr. Stephen Bowles, Springfield, 

deceased; children: Elizabeth unmarried, Stephen W. 

one child, a son, John E. ; Henry. 

Hannah Bowles m. Wolff, two children, Elliot, 

Henry, Mary of Stephen in. Charles E. Pike; children: 

Annie, Chas. E.,Wm. R., Frederick, Frank; the family live 

in the West. 

Elizabeth of Stephen m. Thornton, one child. 



GENEALOGY. 360 

Elizabeth unmarried. Lucy of Stephen m. Seymour Ly- 
man ; children : Fred S.. I [arold. 

.Mary and Stephen Bin'rill's children : Stephen, Fred A., 
died not married. 

Leonard, son of Stephen J., went to Boston from Machas, 
was in the publishing business several years and died in 
that city. 

Win. A., and Philena's children: Win. A.. Amanda. 
Mary, George, Helen. Stephen, Hannah. Henry H. 

Stephen Bowles of Win. A. m. Sarah Snow; children: 
George. Amanda. Win.. Frank. Stephen, Louise in. Charles 
Stevens, live in Cambridgeport, Mass. 

George Bowles in. Laura Wass ; children: Josie, Flora, 
Harry. Clayton, Elmer E.. Jessie. 

Henry H. Bowles in. Abbie Wakefield; children: Ralph 
H. Carl died young, Henry I., Dorothy, Carl. 

Ralph m. Mamie Henderson, Washington, 1). C. 

Dorothy mxLewis X)db\. Washington D. 0. he is 
private Secretary to Coin'r Garfield, son of the late 
Preside nt. 

Leonard Bowles' children: Martin L. in. Frances M. 
Darricott; children: Mary m. Crosby. Catharine 

died young, Ralph unmarried, Katharine L. in. D. Wood- 
man of New York. Robert L. 



BURNHAM. 

Job Burnham first of the name to settle in Machias. He 
was here in 1T7U and built his house that year, known for a 
century or longer as the "Burnham Tavern." It is now 
standing showing the same chimney as first liuilt ; the same 
Bash and gla88 in the windows as first put in. the same clap- 
boards on the wall. Pa ties of men met in the Fast Room. 

June 10,-11, 1775, debating the feasibility of an attack on 
the Margaretta. The Easl Room was used as a hospital for 

a part of the wounded men after the battle and capture of 
the .Margaretta. 

In Burnham 's Tavern, Masonic Lodges have assembled. 



361 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Albert Gallatin, Gen. Rufus Putnam, Gen. David Cobb, 
have sat at Burnham's tables. Other notables frequented 
the old tavern during and following the Revolution, as late 
as 1820. James Gordon Bennett dined one day in Burn- 
ham's Tavern, 1830. 

Job Burnham m. Mary, daughter of Morris O'Brien; 
children : Patty, Polly, Rebecca, Elizabeth, Joan, Jere- 
miah, Pamelia, John, Sally, Susan, William. 

Patty m. John Holmes; children: Wm., Rebecca, John. 

Polly m. Jacob Penniman. 

Rebecca m. Wm. Flynn. (See Flynn.) 

Elizabeth m. Joseph Meserve. (See Meserve.) Joan m. 
Joseph Stuart ; children : John, Jeremiah, Charles, Jane, 
James, Joseph, Joan, Maria, Lucinda, Wm, Jeremiah of 
Job, no record. Pamelia in. Wm. Meserve. See Meserve. 

George Burnham, grandson of Job, m. Mary, daughter of 
Isaac Longfellow ; children: Sanford, Susan, Mary, Caro- 
line, Margaret, Harriet, Cyretie, Martha. 

Sanford m. Adelaide Crane; children: Ella, Cyrus, 
Frank, Etta. 

Susan m. Levi B. Thaxter; children: Laura, Geo. W., 
Delia, Hattie, Fred. Delia m. Alden G. Davis, Laura died 
at 19, Fred died young. Mary m. Wallace Thaxter 
children : Henry, Clara. 

Margaret m. Cyrus Foster, one child, Charles; m. 2nd. 
J. W. Sweat, one child, George. 

Caroline m. Henry Gallison, children: Frank, Mae, m. 
Dean Reid, children : Carroll — one other. 

Harriet m. Gustavus S. Parlin ; children : Clymena died 
young, Charles. 

Martha m. John Sweat; children: Fred, Actor and Burn- 
ham, twins, live at Snohomish, Wash. 

John of Job, m. Betsey Libby ; children : Clarrisa, 
Rebecca, Jeremiah, John, William, Francis, Hiram. 

Sally of Job m. Francis Libby, children : Sally, Joseph, 
Betsey, Charles, Sophia, Leonice, Mary Ann, Leonard, 
Jerome, Caroline, Wm., Francis. .Susan m. Mariner 
Libbey; children: Mariner, Susan. 



GENEALOGY. 362 

Win. of Job iii. Catharine Crocker; children: Lewis, 
Job, Alfred, Rebecca, Catharine, Bannah; m. 2nd. Mary 
Sproul, children: George, Win. P., Oscar, Alonzo, Gil- 
bert, Anlanda, Mary, Ella.- 

Ella of Sanford m. Rev. Edgar M. Cousins, ohildren: 
John died at seventeen, Irene. Mary L.. Sanford. 

Cyrus m. Marceda McKeown, Prank W. in. Cora Camp- 
bell, Cherryfield, children: George, Adelaide, Abbie, Mary 
L., Sanford. 

Etta of Sanford m. Anthony Mank, children: Ella died. 
Geo. W. Thaxter of Susan in. Sabrina Cook, children: 
Adelaide died. F. Jay, Amy, Roy. 



BOYNTON. 

Amos Boynton, b. Byfield, Mass., 1766 emigrated to 

Machias 17^:'). in. Libby; 2nd m. Lucy Loring, 

children, Sally, Polly, Betsey, Hannah, Lydia, Stephen. 

Sally m. Jonathan Longfellow, (See L.) Polly m. Isaac 
Longfellow, Betsey m. Arthur Albee, Hannah in. Win. 
Noyes; children: Sally, Mary, Lydia, Emily, Eliza, 
Hannah, Amos, William, Moody, Rebecca. 

Lydia of Amos m. Joseph Goodhue, children: Mary, 
Julia A., Abagail, John, Hannah, Charles. 
Stephen of Amos m. Hannah Jewett, 2d Myra Brown, 3d 
Hannah Bowker, 1th Polly Whitney nee Crocker; children: 
1st, Amos, Thomas, Abagail, Lucy ; of 2nd, Hannah, 
Roscoe; 3d, Man . 

Amos of Stephen in. Mary .1. Wilcox, children: Mary 
E. m. Rodney Moors, no children: Stephen, went to the 
Pacific coast. Susan in. Geo. Kanies. of Huston, one child, 
Hallar B. 

Thomas of Stephen in. Hannah Watts, children: S. 
Augustus, unmarried, Willie E, m. Annie Stone, no 
children. May in. Frank L. Armstrong. 

Abagail of Stephen m. Jacob Abbott, one child; Mary 
b. L861, d. L880. 

Lucy of Stephen m. Ferdinand Bowker he died in 1 S .V2 



363 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

leaving two children, Levi, one died young. Levi m. 

Miss Munson of Milltown, Me., two children, names 

unknown: divorce ensued. He m. 2nd a New York woman: 
he died in 1891 leaving several children. 

Lucy Boynton Bowkerm. Albert Moors; children: Charles, 
Annie, Stephen, Edward died young, Mehitable, live in 

Brocton, Mass. Charles of Lucy m. , children: 

Helen, Frank. Mehitable of Lucy m. Lyman A. Eldridge, 
one child, J. Millett. 

Hannah of Stephen m. Winslow Bowker; children: Lucy, 
Elizabeth, Frederic. Lucy m. Clarence Delano, one child, 
Margaret. Elizabeth m. H. Lester Grover, no children, 
Frederic m. Lucy B. McCabe, 2nd Mary H. Farrar: no 
children. 

Roscoe of Stephen m. Martha A. Bowker; children: 
Almira, b. 1862, d. 1884, Annie, b. 1885, d. 1880, Emily 
J. m. Bradford Estey; children: Cora R., Martha 
G. Geo. B., b. 1870, unmarried, great grandson of 
Amos the first Boynton settler in Ma^hias. has been in the 
office of the Machias Branch of the Eastern Trust and 
Banking Co. several years; first as Clerk and for four years 
past, the Manager. 



BRIDGHAM. 

Aldjn Brigham m Margaret Downes; children: 
Ellsworth m. Delia Willey ; children: Geo., Fred, Ada, 
Ella ; m. 2nd Mary J. Phipps, children : Clarence, Delia. 

Sarah of Alden m. Andrew Willey, children: Alden, 
Henry, Edna, Aggie, Maggie, Thomas, William. 

Alden. son of Alden m. Harriet , children: Willie, 

Curtis. 

Margaret T. m Willard Foster, children : Frank, Mattie. 

Mary of Alden m. Frank S. Gilmore, children : Willie, 
Charles. 

Joseph of Alden m. Deborah Whittemore, children : 
James G., Augusta. 

Hannah died at ten. 



GENEALOGY. 



364 




Geo. B. Boynton. 



'.1 NTEALOCT . 365 

Burrage of Alden m. Louisa Palmer, children: Linnie, 
Eddie, Barton; m. 2nd Adelia Crawford. 

Caroline of Alden m. Thomas M.. Mayhew; children: 
John I [., William, Robert, I [ora ■ • 

Persila died unmarrie I. 

Andrew M. Bvidgham in. Ann Downes; children: 
Eunice, Andrew, Franks. Willis. Charles. Eliza, Eben, 
Lorenzo, Joshua, Zenas, George. 

Eunice in. Amasa Willey. 

Andrew m. Selen Bowles; children: Willis. Charles. 
Samuel. Fred. Abbie, Everett, Willis. Mattie. Viola. 

Fred of Andrew m. Eva Ward, on- child, Milton. 

Frances m. -i. W Palmer, child. Leonora. 

Willis of Andrew m. Abbie Springer; children: Elmer, 

Xelvin. 

Meivinof Willis m. Margaret Hanscom ; children: Harry. 
Philip, Ivan. 

Charles of Andrew in. Emily Drew, one child. Lida. Lida 
in. Edson Phipps ; children : Blanche, Lena. in. 2nd Eliza 
Phipps, children: Annie. Josephine. Charles. 

Eliza of Andrew m. Samuel Paul, children: Willie, 
Mattie. Fred. Dana. 

Fred ii!. 1 larriet I )evens. 

Dana in. Grace Sea, children: Maurice. Robert, 

Lorenzo of Andrew m. Jernsha C. Drisko, children: 
Willie. Murray. George, Wilson. May. Dana. 

Wilson in. Abbie Plynn, children: Ruth, Calla, Claire, 
Carl. Blanche. 

Joshua in. Angie Smith, children: Ella, Guy. 

Guy in. Anna Ellis, child. Dorothy. 

Joshua in. 2d Ella Bridgham, children: Leola, Lewis. 

Zenas in. Lucy Watts, (diildren : Alice. Irving, Harris 

died at 12. \\ illard, Annie. 

Alice iii. Adin L. Smith, a practicing physician of 
Machias. children : Faye, Loring. Loring died in child- 
hood. 

Irving m. Florence Noyes, child, Harry. 

Geo of Andrew in. Evelyn Smith. 



3G6 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Levi B. Bridgham b. in Charleston, 1812, went to Bedding- 
ton, 1835, in. Miss Lucinda Kilton, 1837, she a native of 
Jonesboro, daughter of Wm. and Eunice Kilton moved from 
Beddington to Dexter, 1841 : he died Dec. 1887, 75 years: 
she died Feb. 1870, 55 years : children : Clara, Winslow, 
Levi, Sarah, Frank. Clara b. 1838, m. Gustave P. Thomp- 
son, 1861, live in Dexter, no children. Winslow died Feb, 
1877, he m. Miss Nancy Kimball, one child, Frank E. now 
at St. Albans Me. 

Levi of Levi died May, 1895, at 46: he m. Miss Bell 
Haines, one child, Alvah H. ; Levi m. 2nd Miss Fannie 
Bradbury ; children : John, Ethelinda, Louise, Albert, all 
residents of Dexter, Me. 

Miss Sarah F. in. Charles H. Hayden Oct, 1867; one 
child, Clara M., live in Dexter. 

Frank of Levi b. 1853 d. 1864. 

Alvin Bridgham b. Hebron Me., April 15, 1792;, came to 
East Falls and No. 14, early in 1816; m. Jane Downes, Aug. 
29, 1817; children: Alvin m. Jane Smith ; children : John, 
Mary, Lizzie, Dora. 

Mary A, of Alvin m. Wm. Pearl; children: Henry. 
Charles, William. 

Horatio N., of Alvin m. Priscilla Cary ; children: Emma, 
Milton, Frank, Adra, Embert, Edgar, Justin, Nellie. 

Betsey L. of Alvin, m. Alvin W T illey ; children: Francelia, 
Arno, Elton. 

Vienna of Alvin m. Caleb Cary; children: Laura, Alvin, 
Frank, Elisha, Edgar. Veranus L. of Alvin m. Hannah 
Mayhew; children: Lucy, Addie, Walter, Lincoln, 
Florence, Emily, Justin, Grace. 

Veranus served in the Maine House of Representatives 
one term. 

Margaret D. of Alvin m. B. Lincoln Smith ; children : 
Roberta, Verna. 

Sarah J. of Alvin in. Loring Hanseom; children: 
George, Wm., Hattie, W 7 alter, Lucy, Fred, Frank. 

Alden Bridgham was Tavern Keeper in No. 14 a long 
time; afterwards at East Machias several years. 



GENEALOGY. 367 

It seems that three Bridgham brothers m. three Dowries 
sisters, daughters of Eben Dowries, who settled in Steuben, 
coming from Oxford County at an early day. There were 
four brothers, Bridgham, living in Washington, Co. in l s l<). 
Andrew Bridgham along in the thirties ke| t tavern in 
.Mali m. 



BOWKER. 

Levi Bowker, born in Scituate, Mass.. July 25, 1763; m. 
Betsey, daughter of Samuel Watts, born in Haverhill, Mass., 
L764; children: Watts. Lydia, Levi, Betsey, Hannah, 
Sally, Deborah, Frederick. Mary. 

Watts in. Lydia Stiekney. Lydia in. Otis P. Hanscom, 
Levi in. Martha Crocker, Betsey, m. Simeon Getehell, 
Hannah m. Stephen Boynton, Sally m. Ellis Hanscom, 
Deborah in. dames McKellar, Fred m. Mary Smith, Mary 
unmarried. 

ajcr Levi Bowker d. in Machias. Au<r. 2S. 1H50: his 
wif (died F ib, 23, L854. Watts Bowker died in Shelbourne, 
N. S.. Lydia, Levi, Betsey, Hannah. Sally. Mary, all died 
in Machias, Deborah died in ferry, Frederick was alive at 
a recent date, living in Penn. 

Deborah m. 2nd Win. Bugbee; Eben of Deborah Mc- 
Kellar. in. Sarah Collins; children: Mary. James. 

Ma: \ B. McKellar unmarried. James of Eben m. Marian 
White: children: -lames. Percy and Harold, twins. Eliza 
Levi in. Joshua Jordan, one child, -. in. Fish; 

Pratt ; children : Mary. Alice. James m. Irene Upton. 

Watts Bowker in. Lydia Stiekney: chidren: Sarah in. 
dames Getohell, Elizabeth m. James Ferris. Margaret in. 
Jacob Foster, Winslow m. Hannah Boynton, Win. 0. in. 
Lutli li. Watts. Watts Henry m. Julia M. Lyon. 

Sarah's children: Frank, Henry, Gilbert, Jeremiah. 

Winelow's children: Lucy m. Clarence Delano. Elizabeth 
m. Lester G rover, Fred W., m. Lucy McCabe;m. 2nd Mary 
Farrar. 

William ( "s. children: Laura m. Frank Schoppee, 

Herberl m. Frances Crane, Samuel m. Amy Kankin. 



368 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Watts Henry's children: Edwin P. m. Caroline M. 
Howe, Arthur W. m. Edna Crane, Everett m. Lucy Griggs 

Lydia m. Otis P. Hanscom ; children : Betsey. Mary, 
Laura, Simeon, Watts, Deborah, Belle, Lucinda. 

Betsey of Lydia m. Marshall Harmon, Mary d. young. 

Laura m. Nath'l Crocker of DixmoiYt ; Simeon m. Julia 
White; children: Herbert, Otis. Belle, Nellie. Anna. 
Henry. Mina, Flora. 

Watts Hanscom of Otis m. Sarah Robinson ; children : 
Charles, Arthur, Edward, Lincoln, Mary, Florence, Maud, 
Bersie. 

Deborah of Otis m. Wm. Stone; children: Wm. D.. 
Joseph, Sadie. Annie, George, Minnie. 

Belle of Otis m. John Inglee. 

Lucinda m. Joseph W. Longfellow, 2nd E. F. Blaokman. 

Levi m. Martha G. Crocker; children: Simeon, Welling- 
ton, Warren, Ferdinand, George, Martha A., Hannah. 

Betsey m. Simeon Getchell; children: Levi, Willard, 
Warren, Sarah, Randolph. Lucinda, Andrew, Agnes. 

Hannah m. Stephen Boynton; (See Boynton.) 

Sarah m. Ellis Hanscom ; children : Fred B. , James O., 
Geo. Ed., Mary E., Hannah, Lad wick. Leverett, Horace. 

Fred . m. Susan Burnham, 2nd. - — Barsley ; children : 
Oscar, Susan, Clymena. 

James O. m. Mary G. Smith. 

Mary E. m. Geo. A. Parlin; children: Willie B., 
Amos F., Steward d. young. 

Geo. Ed. m. Mrs. Martha Crocker. 2nd husband. 

Ladwick m. Ida Smith; children: Robert, Emily. Willis. 
Arthur, Carroll. Allen, Bertha. 

Robert m. Inez Berry; children: Florence. Mildred, 
Sterling, Thelma. 

Arthur m. Naomi Berry : children : Richard. Laura. 

Willis m. Rosa Klouser; live in California. 

Carroll m. Berniece McReavy. 

Hannah d. unmarried; Leverett and Horace not married. 

Willie of Geo. A. Parlin m. Annie Crocker; children, 
Earl, Samuel. Alice. Ellis, Rebecca, Donald. 



CKXF.AT.OGY. 



369 




Waits H. Bowker 
After learning the trade of house carpenter in Ma- 
chias he removed with his family to Brookline, Mass., 
where he continued his trade, becoming a contractor and 
l>uil<ier in that large and wealthy town: understood to be 
a large holder of real estate. 



GENEALOGY. 370 

Amos Parlin of Geo. A., in. Helen Thaxter; children: 
Philip, Clara. Helen. 

Major Levi Bowker enlisted in the army March, 1781: 
served until Dec. 18, 1783, under Capt. Kim: and Col. 
Tupper. He applied for a pension May, 1818, then a 
resident of Machias being 54 years old. His claim was 
allowed ; the pension being oontinued to the widow. 



BRYANT. 

Bartholemew Bryant m. Ellen Brookins, Scarboro; 

children: Joseph, Thomas. Samuel. Stephen. Patience, 
Maitha. Hannah. Rebecca. Lydia, Sarah. 

Joseph m. Lydia Beal : 2nd - Plumnier; children: 

Sarah. Otis, Olive, Lanra, Elmira, Asa. 

Thomas m. Lydia Seavy; children: Wilinot. Coffin. John. 

Samuel m. Elizabeth Bowyear: children: Bartholemew. 
Joseph. Wm., Thomas, Martha. Samuel, Sarah. 

Patience m. Stephen O. Johnson: children: Samuel, 
Stephen, Hiram, John, Charles, Benjamin, Hannah, 
Betsey. Brookins, Jefferson. 

Martha m. Thomas Miller: one child, Lydia, she in. John 
Larrimore; m. 2nd James S. Baker. 

Hannah m. Pelham Drew: children: Otis, George. 

Rebecca m. Wm. Bridges. 

Lydia m. Richard Westcoat; one child: Nancy in. 
Brookins Johnson. 

Sarah died unmarried. 

(leoR. Bryant of Otis, m. Lois Davis; children: Free- 
man, Samuel O. Geo. W.. l'enj. F. Elmira H, Rilda ( ', 
J. R. Jewett, Elbridge II., Norris, Edwin, Freeman died. 

John R. J. in. Emma 1). Sawyer: children: l'enj. R., 
Fstelle. Millard P., [zola, Jasper, Wilton. 

Benj. R. m. Samantha F. Larrabse ; no children. 

Fstelle in. Win. Leighton no childn n. 

M illard P.. not married 

[zola m. Win. Johnson ; children : Minnie. Willard. 

Wilton K. not married. 



371 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Samuel 0. m. Carrie E. Waide; children: Eva, Frank 
M., Ida, Mabel, Philip, Ernest, Mary, Henry, all dead but 
Frank and Philip. 

Eldridge H., of George m. Nettie, daughter of Z. B. 
Allen; children: Carl, Mildred, Myron, Benjamin and 
George dying young, Leonard, Richard. 

Edwin R. m. Addie Hasty; no children. 

Norris of George m. Emma C. Mank; children: Harry, 
Harris, Alida, Eliza, Winnifred, John, Willie, Elmira, 
Hattie, Norris. None married. 

Elmira of Geo. m. Hiram F. Smith ; children : Alice, 
Viola, Grace, Addie, Alonzo, Ruth, Lillian. 

Alice of Elmira m. Charles O. Pike; one child, Roscoe. 

Alonzo of Alice m. Flora Cleaves, one child, Ruth. 

Viola m. William Hold; children: Arlington, Ralph, 
Herbert. 

Ruth of Elmira m Chester Yates; one child, Carl. 

Grace of Elmira m. Ernest Kneeland; one child, Dexter. 

Lillian m. George Cleaves ; children : Hazel, Hattie, 
Florence. Addie of Elmira not in. 

Rilda of George m. Harris Fenlason ; one child, Ethel; 
m. 2nd Hillman Moore; children : Elizabeth, Alma, John, 
Miriam, Blanche, Eldridge. 

Freeman m. Nellie Williams; no children. 

Stephen son of Bartholemew, was made a prisoner, war of 
1812--14; died in Dartmoor prison. 

Lieut. Eldridge H. Bryant of Machias, b. Oct. 17, 1843; 
grandson of Otis Bryant, a shipbuilder, son of George, mill- 
man and farmer. Eldridge received his education in town 
schools. When only seventeen he enlisted in Co. H, Ninth 
Me, Infantry, — sent to Washington, thence to Hilton Head, 
Florida and Port Royal ; on to Charleston, where he took a 
part in the seige of Fort W T agner and Sumter. Later was 
in the army of the James under Gen. Butler; was in the 
storming of Petersburg and the summer campaign following, 
participating in capture of Fort Fisher. 

With his Regiment he was mustered out, July 1865, at 
Raleigh, N. C. After this he went to Chicago worked at 



GENEAI.OGY. 



372 




Eldridge H. Bryant. 



GENEALOGY. 373 

the carpenters trade two years, returned to Machias, formed 
a Co., with G. Harris Foster to conduct sash and blind 
business. Worked ten years in this factory, when he 
received accidental injury that disabled him. 

In 1883 he was appointed Special Deputy in the Custom 
House at Machias, thus Berving eight years. He was 
appointed Collector by President Harrison, officiating four 
years, discharging his duties faithfully and with ap- 
probation of t he I >ej artment. 

After leaving the Custom House he engaged Lnthegrocery 
trade until, 190J when he received the appointment of Post 
Master, a position he now fills with satisfaction to the 
people. 

Mr. Bryant is a useful member of the Masonic Lodges in 
the town having filled the chief places, being Past Master, 
Past High Priest, Eminent Commander and member of 
Delta Lodge of Perfection. 

He is diir of the Charter Members of the Bradbury Post. 
(I. .\. 1\. one time Commander. 

Mr Bryant lias been on the Hoard of Selectmen and 
tilled other important places. 

Two members of each Co. in his Regiment were awarded 
medals "For gallant and meritorious service in seiuc of 
Sumter in Aug. 1863; presented by Major General Gill- 
inor. *' in com 1 1 land. 1 1 • iv uvel one of the m 'dais. 

Capt. Samuel ().. son of George Bryant served threa 
years in the Civil War: a member of Company C, Sixth 
Maine Reg't; discharged April, 1864 

Samuel commenoed work in i^iiii on the steamer Rich- 
mond, ('apt. Charles Deering Master, as a deck hand, on 
the Portland Machias route. He has continued in the 
service of the Steamship Co. and the M. C. 1{. K.. who. in 
Late years has owned the line, ever since, or thirty-seven 
consecutive yearns; mate, pilot, master, having been in 
command since the death of ('apt. Dennison, L895. 
• Capt. Bryant has proved a faithful, efficient and com- 
petent officer, illustrating clearly that he who resolves to 
deserve success seldom fails to win. 



374 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

BROWN. 

David and Jesse Brown, brothers, were among the early 
settlers of what is now the town of Milbridge. 

David m. three wives and was father of twenty-five 
children, One of David's sons Jesse, settled in East 
Machias. Jesse in. Deborah Wallace; children: John, 
Albert, David, Ambrose, Hannah, Maria, Caroline, Lizzie, 
two others d. young. The four sons all became masters of 
vessels, John died a young man, unmarried. 

Albert m. Betsey Coffin; children: John, Maria, Ella. 

John m. Mary Whittier; one child, Albert, died un- 
married. 

Maria m. Capt. Fred Munson, who died a few months 
after, of yellow fever in Havanna ; one child, Marcia, who 
is a teacher in a public school at Augusta. 

Ella m. Robinson, Canton, Mass. ; two children. 

both died young. 

David Brown of Jesse in. Frances U. Foster, daughter of 
James, she, the granddaughter of Wood in Foster, first 
blacksmith in Machias; children: Charles, Jesse, David 
Fannie. 

Capt. David Brown made many voyages to foreign ports; 
died at the age of thirty-four. His last trip was to Calif. 
His bark was built in East Machias by his wife's brother 
and brother-in-law, Charles Foster and Josiah Kellar, and 
sent to Calif onia for a market. The bark was sold, the Captain 
returned via. Isthmus of Panama, was stricken with fever, 
died in New York. Years later his widow m. James 
Dwelley; one child, Charles E., lives in Franklin, Me.; 
children : Raymond, Esther, Evelyn. Charles E. Dwelley 
is a school teacher, farmer, joiner, painter, an all 'round, 
ever busy man. 

Charles F. Brown, son of David, was drowned when seven 
years old ; he fell out of a vessel near a wharf in Machias. 

Jesse B. Brown of David attended schools in East 
Machias, went to sea one summer, served as Clerk in the 
store of S. W. Pope & Co., now the E. Machias Lumber Co., 



GENEALOGY. 375 

five years, then attended seven terms in Washington 
Academy and same number of terms at Colby CJniversity; 
preached al Monmouth Ridge Baptisl Society six months, 
then came by in\ itatimi to Addison, and lias since preached 
in a large number of the towns and school districts of Wash- 
ington and Hancock counties, also in a IV w places in Aroos- 
took, lie preached one winter in N< rth Branch, Mich., 
where a brother then resided. Mr. Brown was ordained at 
Machiasport, .May, 1876 has acted as pastor of the West 
Maohiasporl Baptist church from that time to the present, 
twenty-seven years; laboring a part of the time with that 

church and part of the time in other vacant fields. 

David Brown of David m. Ida daughter of Henry Pearl; 

children: Charles d. young, Henry J., in. ; 

children, (diaries. — . David was a photographer 

and merchant : passed several years of his life in Michigan; 
he married 2nd. wife; one child, d. young. 

Fannie of David m. John B. Oalligan; four children, all 
died young; Fannie died in Boston. 

Capt. Anili ose m. Lucy, daughter of Josiah Kellar ; died 
about six months after marriage offerer at Havanna; one 
child, Susan in. ('apt. A. Bartlett Strout; children: Ruth, 
Paul, two others died in infancy. 

ria Drown m. Paul Foster Folsom ; one ohild. 

Hannah Brown m. Leonard Strout of Cherryfielcl; 
children: Ambrose, Deborah, Jesse B., John L. Ambrose 
went to (VI. and was not heard from for several years. He 
then wrote home, and later has been reported dead. 

Deborah Brown m. Capt. Win. Upton; children: 
In ing, Nana. Jesse B. 

Jesse i if I )eborah, not married. 

John L. Stroul not married. 

Caroline and Lizzie Brown never married. 

Caroline graduated from the Normal School, Bridgewater, 

Mass. ; taughl School in Kasl Machias. 



376 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

BRADBURY. 

This family are lineal descendants of Col. John Allan; 
Mark Patton Allan, second son of Col. John m. Susannah 
Wilder; he born in Nova Scotia, 1770. she born in Hing- 
ham, Mass., 1774; Susan, Anna, Mary, Patton, Lydia. 
Elizabeth, Jane, John, Theophilus, Sally. William, Patton. 
Abby, Ebenezer. 

Susan m. Samuel Wheeler, Anna, Patton, Ebenezer died 
young, Mary m. Andrew Sprague, Lydia m. True Brad- 
bury. Elizabeth m. Eben Chickren, Jane in. Eben Wilder, 
John, Lydia; 2nd. m. Emma Wiswell, Theophilus m. 
Martha Sargent, Sally and Abby unmarried, William m. 
Jane Potter. Lydia (Allen) Bradbury's children: Wyre, 
Samuel, Stephen, Sarah, Mary; Wyre b. in Lubec, m. 
Eliza A. Webber of Lubec ; children: Isaac, James, Wm. 
W., John, Ben. F., Lydia, George W., Henry. Capt. Wyre 
soon after marriage moved to Machias, where he lived and 
died. 

Isaac and James served in the Union army in the Civil 
"War. the former in the Navy; the latter in the army; James 
was killed at Rappahannock Station. Nov. 7, 1863. Isaac- 
went down with the gun boat Narcissus in a storm off Tampa 
Bay, Fla. after the war was over and the boat had been 
ordered to New ^ork, the men to be paid, discharged and 
returned to their homes. Bradbury Post, G. A. R. Machias 
was named for these two boys. 

Isaac m Caroline Hanscom ; one child : Carrie m. George 
Hawthorne. Auburn, Me. William W. b. 1843, d. 1901, 
m. Josephine, daughter of John and Sophia Clifford Fisher ; 
children, Emily Gardner, Gertrude; the latter m. Doctor 
Fred J. McTeer, Bath, live at No. Anson, Me; one child, 
Edith B. 

William in his early years was an a five business man, at 
first the firm being Bradbury and Curti?, late by himself. 

In 1891 he was elected County Register of Probate Court. 

In municipal positions he was Selectman. Treasurer, and 
Superintendant of Schools ; — at the time of his death he 
held the offices of Register and Clerk. Mr. Bradbury was an 



GENEALOGY. 377 

active and respected member of the Congregational Church. 
John. George, Henry of Wyre, all died young, Benj. P. 
nol in.. Lydia m. Wm S. Lawrenoe of Hasbroucb Beights, 
N. J.; children: Sumner, Everett, Edith, William. Lillian. 
At the age of twenty years Wyre Bradbury was in com- 
mand ( I" a vessel; during the early pari of his sea-faring he 
was in foreign trade; in later life he engaged in coastwise 
business mainly between Machias, Boston and New \urk. 
Many years he was master of the Machias packet, Zina. 



BERRY. 

Westbrook Berry (one of the Sixteen) m. Jane Freeman, 
Scarboro, L763; children: Jonathan, Sally. John. Benja- 
min. Rebecca. Jonathan m. Hannah Knight; children: 
Hannah, Polly, Jane, Abagail, Sally Rebecca, Jonathan, 
i man, Susan. John, Lydia. Atkins. Phebe, Jones. 

Sally m. Joseph G-etchell Jr., children: Westbrook, 
Abagail, Betsey, John, Marshall, Benjamin, .Mary. Simeon, 
Jane. Washington, ( reo. S. 

John removed to New Brunswick. Benjamin in. Mary 
Rice ; children : Benjamin, .lane. Polly. Lydia, Hannah. 
Stephen, William. Elihu, Aaron. Lucy. 

Rebecca of Westbrook m. James W. Crocker; children: 
m, Betsey, Otis. Sally. Polly. Olive. Catharine. 
Mariner. Caleb, Hannah. Geo. Timer. 

ins of Jonathan m. Sarah Hasty, children: .lane. 
Charles, Harriet, Stephen. Thomas. Archibald, Nancy. 
Caleb. 

.lane m. Amos Noyes children : Abbie, Lucinda. 

Charles m. Mary Hadley; m 2nd. Katharine Mitchell. 

Harriet m. Abial Stevens;. Stephen m. Lucy b'oss. 

Thomas in. Susan Maddocks; children: Amanda, llar- 
laiul. Lura, Samuel, Nellie. 

Amanda m. Leauder II. ( Vane. 

I [arland d. young. 
Lura in Melvin Libby, 

Samuel m. Kat hari ne — . 



378 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Nellie of Thomas m. Ellery Beam; children : Lura, Susie, 
Meldridge. 

John Berry, one of the first settlers had a sou John, who 
m. Nancy Prescott. Stephen, son of John 2nd m. Rebecca 
Berry ; children : Abigail, Gould, Stephen, Westbrook. 

Rebecca, widow, m. 2nd. John Gardner; one son, Alonzo. 

Abagail of Stephen in. Nathan Bowker; children: 
Stephen, Simeon, Ferdinand, Samuel C. Ada F., Stephen 
and Samuel d. unmarried. 

Gould Berry of Stephen m. Mary A. Bryant: children: 
J. Walter, Lester, unmarried, Irving d. young. 

S. Warren Berry in. Leo. Berry; children: Edna. Harlan, 
George, Levi, Julia, Josie, Lyman, Edna and Josie died 
young. 

Westbrook of Stephen m. Addie L. Bowers; children: 
Ernest, Edgar, Nettie, Everett d. young. 

Simeon Bowker, m. Keziah Holmes: children: Nathan, 
Leslie, Seymour, Clarence, Gertrude. 

Ferdinand Bowker ni. Lillie Palmer; children: Harlan. 
Samuel, Oras T. 

Ada F. Bowker m Dayton Smith. 

J. Walter Berry m. I. May Foss; children: Irving, 
Elton, Harrison, Lydia, Gerald, Colby. 

George Berry m. Erne Rice; children: Ralph, Alfred. 
Harold, Flora 

Levi Berry m. Flora Lord. 

Julia Berry m. Charles H. Leavitt. 

Ernest Berry m Alice Hoar. 

Edgar Berry m. Mattie Ballard; children: Lee r Neal D., 
Alice, m. 2nd. Nettie Porter. 

Nettie Berry m. Geo. R. Campbell; children: Carrie. 
Ruth, Ernest, Frances. 

Seymour Bowker m. Lillie Getchell; children: Esther, 
Hazel, Oscar. 

Westbrook Berry volunteered in Co. C, sixth Maine Reg't, 
1861 ; discharged for disability 1863, 

Edgar Berry, son of Wes brook enlisted in the Red Cross 
Corps, Sept. 4, 1899. 15th Reg't. U. S. Regulars in the 



GEN1 \i i »GY. 



379 



Phillipine war Berving three years; promoted to Steward for 
bravery was in the North of Luzon Island in nine battles, 
wounded in his left foot. Alter returning to San Francisco 

hf was senl on a transport to China, calling at Manilla, for 

sici soldiers: discharged Oct. I. L902. 



CH A LONER. 

Dr. Wm. Ohaloner m. Mary Dilloway of Newport. R. I., 
1773 ; children : William. Eberr, Elisha, Eliza. John, Ben- 
jamin ( '. 

Wm. in. Mary Prescott; m. 2nd. Louisa Poster ; children : 
Maria. Wm.. Leonice, Eben, James, Mary. Eliza, Charles, 
Theodore, ( teorge, Ann. 

Eben m. Betsey Bill ; one child : Lucinda, who m. Oliver 
W. ( 'rocker. 

Elisha in. LydiaGooch; children: Thomas. Mary. Lucy, 
Elisha. Benjamin G. 

Eliza m. Peter Talbot; (see Talbot.) 

John in. Susan Scott; children: George, Elisha, Bertha. 
Benjamin C, William. Priseilla. Charles. John, Eliza. 

Benjamin C. m. Anna Fairfield: children: John, 
George, Eliza, Wm, Benjamin, Edward. Maria of Win. m. 
Winslow Bates, 1831 ; children : Maria L., Henrietta C, 
Wm. If . Joseph C. d. lss7 at 59, Mrs. Bates d. L875. 

Wm. 11. Hates in. - ; children: Janet. Virgie, 

Etandolf. 
Joseph C. in. Barriel Augusta Pearson of Boston; 

children: George, Herbert. Edith. Theodore. 
Berbert m. Eda Tibbets of Lincoln. Neb. 
Benjamin G., of Elisha m. Sarah Goocn; children: 

Thomas in. Annie Sant'ord. He held Various town offices 

and was post master four years. 

Lucy B. of Benjamin died L877 unmarried. 
Sarah of Benjamin m. Eben Lothrop; children: Flora, 
Ella. Flora m. George Whitney ; four children. 

Antoinette of Benjamin m. F. H. Wiswell; one child: 



380 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Thomas m. Hessie Doyle; children: Helen d. in infancy, 
babe unnamed. 

Eunice cf Benjamin m. Edward m. Harden M. D. of 
Boston ; children : Mary, Walter, Lillian. 

Samuel, son of Benj. m. Hattie Dickerson, of San Fran- 
cisco ; hotel proprietor in Seattle, Wash. 

Harry of Antoinette d. 1891, at 20. 

Julia M. m. Arthur Sanborne, East Machias. 
Hovey M. of Antoinette m. Nettie Steves, Machiasport; 
children: Sarah C, Harry S. 

Benjamin G. grandson of Dr. Wm. Chaloner, livel a few 
years after marriage in Cutler, after which he, for several 
years, was in trade and ship- building in East Machias. 



COLE. 

Rev. Samuel Valentine Cole, D. D., eldest of the three 
children of Isaac T. Cole and his wife Catharine S. Valen- 
tine; b. at Machiasport. When he was about four years old 
his parents moved to Machias, where his father diedinlSfil. 

Prepared for college by himself and at Washington 
Academy. Graduated at Bowdoin College in 1874 at the head 
of his class. Tutor in Rhetoric at Bowdoin for a } ear, and 
(after an interval of teaching elsewhere) Instructor in Latin 
m the college for four years. 

Graduated at Andover Theological Seminary in 1887, then 
spent about a year in Europe in travel and study. Ordain- 
ed and installed pastor of the Trinitarian Congregational 
church in Taunton, Mass., in 1889, where he remained until 
called to the presidency of Wheaton Seminary, Norton, 
Mass., which position he still holds. 

Member of the Alpha Delta Phi and of the Phi Beta 
Kappa societies ; corporate member of the American board ; 
for several years president of the North Bristol Congre- 
gational Club. 

Received the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity from 
Bowdoin College in 1898, and was elected a trustee of that 
institution in 1901. 



r.F.NEALOGY. 



381 




Ri \ . Samuel V. G ile. 



GENEALOGY. 382 

Mas contributed to the Atlantic Monthly and other lead- 
ing periodicals; gave the poem at the annual convention of 
the Alpha Delta Phi sooiety in Cleveland in 1894, and at the 
celebration in l ( .'i)2, of the one hundredth anniversary of the 
opening of Bowdoin College, ex-Speaker Thomas B. Reed 
giving the oration. In 190] published "In Scipio's 
Gardens and other Poems," through Gh P. Putnam's Sons, 
New York. 

April 11. L880, married Annie M.. daughter of Hon. John 
C. Talbot, of East Machias, Maine. 



COOPER- 

John Cooper b. in Boston Dee. 3, 17(>5; he went to Lubec 
with his brother William in 1787 and to Machias in 17VK). 
Be was Sheriff of Washington County, 17110 to 1820; was 
largely instrumental in quelling the riot at Moose Island, 
L790,-'91. He was Treasurer of the County 1803-1809; 
Brigadier General 2nd Brigade. 10th Division, Mass., militia 
1803—1811. In 1812 he was Messenger to deliver the vote 
of his State for President and Vice President to the Senate 
at Washington. In L816 he was member of the Convention 
at Bunswick to act on the separation of Maine from Mass- 
achusetts. In L822 he removed from Machias to Cooper, 
town named 1'or him. He published a typographical de- 
scription of Machias : also other papers. He m. June 23, 
1791, Elizabeth dau. of Habijah and Elizabeth Tudor 
Savage. He died in Cooper Nov. 18, 1845; she born in 
Boston, April 15, 1770, died at Machias, July 13, L854; 
children: John T., Win.. Emma E., Charles W., Samuel, 
James S., Thomas S.. Caroline S.. Win. P., Samuel T. 

.John T. d. unmarried at Cambridge, Mass., 1S12. 

William m. Eliza B. Dutton of Lubec; children: Win. 
S.. Elizabeth 1>.. Emma P., Caroline P., Helen M.. John, 
Mary, Harriet. 

Wm. S. ot Win. in. Harriet ( '. Darling; he d. in Oal., 

L864. 



383 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Elizabeth D., m. Hon. Luther S. Cushing; m. 2nd. Rev. 
Edward H. Buck, d. 1862. 

Emma P., m. Geo. W. Chadbonre of Eastport. 

Caroline P. died unmarried. 

Helen M. m. Geo. E. Bugbee of Perry. 

John d. young. 

Mary m. Frederick J. Gardner ; children: Maria, 
Harriet. 

Caroline P. of Win, d. in Dennysville, unmarried. 

Harriet of Wra. m. Edward B. Kilby, Dennysville. d. 
Aug., 1868. 

Emma E. m. Rufus K. Porter of Machias. (See Porter.) 

James S. of 'John m. Mary E. Savage of Boston; children: 

Mary I., Wm. S., Harriet S. 

James S. m. 2nd Abagail I. Girdler; children: Elizabeth 
S., James I., a lawyer at Amherst, Mass. Charles W., d. 
1897, Alice G. The family lived at Calais. James S. for 
several years was associated with George Downes, firm of 
Downes and Cooper, lawyers. 

Charles W. of John d. unmarried in Cuba. 

Samuel and Thomas d. young. 

Caroline of John m. Rev. Wm. J. Newman; one child, 
Emma E. 

Elizabeth S. of James m. John G. Stanton, M. D.. New 
London, Conn. 

James I. of James S., lawyer, Amherst, Mass. 

Charles W. of James S.. graduate of Amherst College. 
1873, M D., Harvard, 1877; m. Elizabeth S. Porter. St. 
Louis, Mo. He died in 1897. 

Alice G. m. Frederic Tuckerman of Amherst, Mass. ; 
children : Margaret, Frederika. 

William Cooper of Boston born in 1721, father of General 
John Cooper of Machias, in early life became a merchant ; 
was chosen Town Clerk, 1761, and re-elected annually forty- 
nine years. He served on important Committees during 
the Revolution ; was several times member of the General 
Court, was its Speaker pro tern two sesions. He was 



GEN1 VLOGY. 



3«4 



Register of Probate, Suffolk Co., 1795 to L799. He was 
ardenl and fearless all through the Colonial struggle; loyal 
to the cause Washington espoused. He in. April 25, 1 I 15, 
Katharine Wendell, daughter of a Boston merohanl ; children 
were eighl s<>n> ami seven daughters. 



CRANE. 

Col. John Crane, son of Abijah and Sarah Field Crane, 
b. at Milt-.n. Mass., Dec -. 17 11. In IT.')'.) the father was 
drafted a soldier into the French war. but being a feeble 
man the son John, fifteen years old. took his place and was 
commended for his bravery. In 1767 John went to Boston, 
where he lived on Tremoni streel opposite Hollis several 
years. In 177<>. dressed in Indian costume, he united with 
the "Boston Tea Party.'* and was the only man disabled by 

the soldiery in the affair of throwing tie tea overboard. 

( .More than a century later there was exhibited on Wash- 
ington St., Boston, some of the tea that was taken ou1 of 
John Crane's hoots : he was found, after lying twenty-four 
hours in the hold of the vessel, disabled and when removed 
to his house, on removal of his boots the tea was found 
therein. ) 

In 1S7'; he wen* to Providence. P. 1.. to work at his trade 
of house wrisjht. lie was a private in Major Paddock's fa- 
mous Boston Artillery Com] any, afterwards he and Ebenezer 
Stevens, who later became a hero as an Artillery Officer 
in the war. raised a Company in R. 1. and marched to assist 
in the Beige of Boston, joining Gen. Thomas' forces at 
Roxbury. June 24 with a well equipped battery he 
attacked the Br. forces at Boston Neck forcing them to leave. 

Gen. Heath in his diary June 24, L775, 3ays, "Major 
Crane tired seven >hots into the Br. works on t'ne Neck and 
drove the Regulars precipitately." Major Crane had the 
entire command of the Mass. Artillerj all through the Beige 
.if Boston, Roxbury and Dorchester. 

With his troops he was ordered to New York, in L776: 

August of this year he was at the battle of Brooklyn. 



385 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

In Sept., '76, he lost a portion of one foot by a cannon, 
and came near dying of lock jaw. In Dec. he was ordered 
back to Boston to superintend the erection of powder mills 
in the vicinity of Canton, Mass. 

Jan. 1, 1777, he was appointed Col. of the new Mass. 
Regiment. Col. Crane was in the battles of Monmouth, 
Brandywine, Germantown and other contested fields. In 
1780 he took part in the unsuccessful pursuit for re-capture 
of Benedict Arnold, when fleeing through Maine to the 
Canadian line. 

Col. Crane was acknowledged to be at the head of the 
Artillerists, on the Am. side, during the Revolution. 

He practised on every occasion when time and powder 
permitted so that he became an expert in precision and de- 
struction to the enemy by his shots. So wonderfully clear 
was his vision that, from the instant the ball left the cannon 
his eye followed it to its destination. The British knew of 
his skill and feared Crane's artillery guns. In 1783 he was 
appointed Brigadier General. 

Col. Crane and Major Lemuel Trescott came to Quoddy in 
1784. Gen. Rufus Putnam and Capt. Park Holland visited 
Quoddy that year and found Crane and Trescott on an island 
where they had a store, intending to trade in fish and lumber. 
They were probably the first merchants on Moose Island, 
now Eastport Sometime in 1776 Col. Crane moved to 
Orange town, now Whiting. 

Oct. 31, 1787, Gen. Crane bought of Samuel Tuttle a lot of 
land on Moose Island for £2.570. Also, included in above 
a lot in Quoddy township. No. 7, of one hundred acres, also 
four oxen and four cows. 

John Crane of No. 12 (Whiting) was appointed one of the 
three first Judges of the Court of Common Pleas, for Wash. 
Co. 1790. 

Col. Crane and Major Trescott, built the first saw mill in 
Whiting, 1785. Major Trescott was Collecor of Customs at 
Machias and resided here four years or longer. 

John and Sarah Crane's children : Abijah, Isaac, Edward 
B., Wm. P.. Abagail, Rebecca. Zebiah. Lucretia, Elizabeth. 



386 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS 




Capt. Abijah Crane. 



GEN1 \l OGY. 



387 



Alii jali m. Lydia T. Gilpatrick; ohildren: Adelaide, 
Rufus T., James F.. Leander Hancock, John Wesley, 

Lucy H. 

Adelaide m. Sanford Burn ham; children: Ella, Cyrus, 
Prank, Etta. 

Rufus of Abijah m. Angelia Gardner; m. 2nd. Elizabeth 
daughter of Win. S. Peavy; children: Edna, Frank. 

James E., not married. 

Leauder of Abijah m. Edwina Smith; children: Charles 
d. at eight, Adelaide, Ernest, Maria S., Sarah F. Anna L. 

John of Abijah m Clara Grover, qo family. 

Lucy of Abijah in F. 11. Crocker ; children : Julia. David. 

Ella <>f Adelaide in. Rev. E. H. Cousins; children: John, 
[rene, Edgar, .Mary, Herbert, Sanford B. 

Edna of Rufus m. Arthur Bowker; ohildren: Elizabeth, 
Julia. 

Frank of Rufus m. Bertha Magie; children: Grace, 
Lucia, Edna. 

Adelaide of Leander m. John D. Sargent; children: 
("has. H.. Mary, .Martha. Katharine, Adelaide. 

Ernest m. Louise Stockin ; one child. Ruth. 

Sarah of Leander m. Herbert Bowker. 
Anna m. James H. Robinson. 

Abijah Crane was chosen Captain of militia in 1835; he. 
was grandson of Gen. John Crane and son of Abijah; horn 
at Whiting; moved to Machias, 1 s FT ; was appointed jailor 

the same year. 



GATES. 

Atkins S. son of Henry and Betsey (Marston) Cates, b. in 
Maohiasport, 1813; he m. Susan daughter of Daniel and 
Mary Albee Palmer. Daniel Palmer was a native of New 
Hampshire. Mrs. Palmer, daughter of Win. Albee, a 
soldier of the Revolution. 

Children of Atkins and Susan Cat.s: .Mercie F.. 



388 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Antoinette, James Warren died in New York in 1866, aged 
21 years. 

Mercie m. George Leavitt, a native of Hingham, Mass. 
Mr. Leavitt was Deputy Collector of Custom's at Maehias 
twelve years and Collector eight years. 

Antoinette m. Newell W. Crocker; one child, Czarina, m. 
Fred M. SwitzeK a native of Chelsea, Mass. ; children : 
Katharine, Harl . live at Halifax, N. S. 

Atkins Cates was a ship master, sailing many years from 
Boston and New York in foreign trade. He removed from 
Machiasport to Maehias in 1864; d. in Boston on a return 
voyage from Cuba, 1880. 

Children of Henry and Betsey Cates: Atkins, Abagail, 
Cyrus, Sewell. 

Nathaniel Cates m. Fannie Rich; children: Harriet, 
Henrietta, Henry, Franklin. His family moved to Rock- 
land, Me ; he d. there. 

Harriet of Nathan'l m. Capt. Zebualon Babb. 

Henrietta m. Webster; m. 2nd. Daniel Morey. 

Henry Cates rn. Olive Kennerston. 

Atkins and Nathaniel are the only sons of Henry and 
Betsey Cates family, who have descendants living. 

The Cates family on both sides, paternal and maternal 
descended from soldiers of the Revolution ; Capt. Atkins 
Cates' mother was a daughter of Samuel Marston and Mrs. 
Cates, a granddaughter of Lieut. Wm. Albee, both 
Revolutionary pensioners. 



CROCKER. 

John m. — ; 2nd Jane, widow of Westbrook Berry, 

Bristol, Me., 1768; children: Paul remained in N. S., 
Betsey, James W. ; Simeon m. Katharine Waterhouse, Mary. 

Betsey m. - - Baker, remained in N. S. James W. m. 
Rebecca Berry; children: John, Betsey, Otis, Sally, Polly, 
Olive. Catherine, Mariner, Caleb, Hannah, Geo. Ulmer. 

Mariner G. m. Martha Longfellow; children: Mercy, 



389 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS 




Edward B. Curtis. 



GEN1 M.nr.Y 



3«»0 



Jane, Alvin G., Martha, Hannah, Cyrus, Handy, Susan. 
Betsey. Francis, Newell 

.Mercy in. Abel Curtis, Fairlee, Vt; children: Charles 

B., Edward B., Lucy M., Maltie, Daniel A. 

Charles in. Elvie James, in Oregon; one child, Edna dol 
Geo. Trullinger. 

Lucy in. James H. Bailey; ohildren: Ralph, Maroia, 
Henry. Alice. Clara. 

Edward B. m. Mary A. Colson; children: Edward (i, 
Josie, Mary. 

Daniel A. m. Annie .M. Perry. 

A Kin in. Julia Foster-, children: Francis, Everett, 
Elizabeth, Fannie, Ella. George. 

Hannah in. Joseph Stratton. 

Cyrus m. Martha Smith; children: Charles, Frederic, 
Anna. 

Francis in. Wilder; no issue; 2nd Miss Emily 

Farrar. 

Newell ni. Antoinette' Cates; one child. (See Cates.) 

Suear. in. F. J. Mouiv, one child, Ella. 

Ella in. Harry Gilson; ohildren: Agnes, William P., Roger. 

Timothy Crocker, brother of John m. Hannah Meserve; 
children: Paul. James, Sally. Margaret, Susan, Hannah. 

Paul m. Nancy Marston; children: Sally in. Nathan 
Foster, Benjamin, Polly m. Jacob Barter; Hannah m. 
Zebedee Mavhew ; Abagail m. John May hew; Nancy in. 
dames (J. Whittemore ; Mayhew, Paul. 

dames in. Peggy Cook; children: Mary m. Stephen 
Sprague, dames, John, Timothy. Hannah. 

Sally in. Win. Clark; children: Benjamin, Charles, 
AbagaiL Hannah. Sally, Susan. Nancy. Temperance, Eliza. 

Margaret in Abram Fletoher; children: James, Timothy, 
William. Abraham, Ephraim, Asa. 

Susan in. Eben Foster; ohildren: Betsey in. Charles 
Emerson, Susan in. dolm Emerson, Eben. 

I linnah in. William Riohards. 

George Crooker of Simeon m. Lucinda Harmon ohildren: 
Sophia, Delia, George and Georgians twins, Anson, M. 



301 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Andrew, Amanda, Junie. Sophia in. Thomas Williamson 
children : Mary, Amanda, Lucinda, John. Mary m. Lee 
Waterhouse; children : Fannie, Mary ; Mary m. 2nd John 
Whittemore. Amanda m. Cha's. W. Smith, one child 
Walter. Lucinda m. Osmer Case ; children : Maurice, 
Hillman. 

John m. Miss Bishop children: Sophia, Alfred. 

Lee Waterhouse was killed in a railroad accident. 

Junie of George m. Alberto Longfellow. 

Walter of Amanda m. Lena Graves. 

Delia of George m. Horace T. Gardner; one child, Wm. 
E. in. Harriet Crowley ; children : Angelia, Ethel. 

Andrew was in the U. S. army one year serving in Mexico. 

Anson of George m. Ellen G. Esty. 

Capt Paul Crocker and his son-in-law, Zebedee Mayhew 
came to Machias in 1803, and lived here until their deaths, 
1829 and 1834 respectively. 

Paul was son of Timothy Crocker, a soldier of the 
Revolution. Timothy m. Nancy Martin at Bristol, Me; 
their daughter Hannah became wife of Zebedee Mayhew. 

Zebedee was son of Nathan Mayhew of Martha's Vineyard, 
Mas-., and a direct descendant of Sir Thomas Mayhew, who 
was the first Governor of Martha's Vineyard. 

in 1803 Capt. Paul Crocker as before stated moved to 
Machias. In 1801 as a part owner and master he sailed the 
Soh. Resolution, the first sailed as a packet, Machias— Boston. 

In 1807 Capt. Z. Mayhew, became a part owner and master 
of his father-in-law's vessel and in 1817 he was Master of 
"The Mary of dishing." 

Zebedee Mayhew m. Hannah Crocker; children: Mary, 
Thorns M., Zebedee Jr, Hannah. Capt. Crocker d. Jan. 
1829; his wife Nancy, d. Sept. 1841, 7(5 years Both were 
buried at Machiasport ; tomb stones mark their graves. 

Capt. Mayhew, b. Martha's Vineyard in 1782, d. in East 
Machias, 1834. His wife Hannah Crocker a native of Bris- 
tol. Me., b. 1786, d. in East Machias, 1849— their resting 
place as the head stones indicate is in the East Machias 
cemetery. Their son, Capt. Thomas Mayhew m. Jane 



GEN] ILOGY. 



892 



daughter of Capt. Josiah Kellar, an 1 became a member of 
firm Mayhew, Talbot & Oo., lumber commission merchants, 
and dealers in East Machias. 

Capt. Zebedee Mayhew, .lr.. moved to NVw York city, 
where he ra. Augusta Brown and, in 1848 with his brother 
Thomas became members of the firm, Simpson, Mayhew & 
Oo., OommissioD merchants and wholesale dealers in lurch >r; 

This firm was succeeded by Simpson, Clapp & Co., of 
which his son Zeb. Mayhew is a member. 

Capt. X. Mayhew d. Dec 5, l s ''>.~> in Brooklyn, was buried 
in Greenwood Cemetery, that city, tombstone marking the 
spot. 

Capt. Thomas d. in Brooklyn. Aug., 1*77: buried In 
Greenwood cemetery. 



CHASE. 



Ephraim Chase one of the first settlers of Machias, de- 
Bcended from Win. the first of the name to settle in the I". 
S . coming in the fleet with Gov. Winthrop and his Colonists, 
bring with him, his wife Mary and eldest son William. 

Ephraim was son of Israel and Wealthy (Kean or Kane) 
Chase; hem. Lydia Hatheway, daughter of Silas and 
Dehorah (Carlise) C hase . He came to Machias with David 
Gardner and built the tirsl saw mill at Chase's Mills at East 
.Falls; children: Cynthia. William. Betsey, AppolloS, 
Eleazer, Wealthy. Lydia. Cynthia. Dehorah. Esther. Levi, 
Mark. 

William m. Lucy Smith ; children: Henry in. Rebecca 
Scott; 2nd. Martha Folsom; Drusilla, Sallie, Simeon. Silas 
H.. Wm.. Lucy. Eliza. Lavinia, Elisha, Cynthia, Joseph W. 
Henry's children: Simeon m. Jessie Bothwick, Lucy 
in. Cyrus I - . West, Maria in. Frederic Pierce, Susanna m. 
Willard Getchell, Daniel m. Lucinda Getchell, Benry m. 
Amelia Woodman, Wm. m. Mary Mitchell. Charles m. 
B iila 



393 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Children of Hiram Chase: Edward DeWolf, George, 
Charles. Lucy Chase's: John, George, Hiram, Clarence. 
Hiram West's: Clarence, Lucy Nellie, Alice, Sarah, Fred. 

Maria Chase's: Henry m. Martha Orr; children: Charles 
E., Frederic, Martha E., Angeline B., Fred A. 

Fred A. m. Kate Webber, one child, Paul D. 

Roscoe m. Addie I. Bond, Mary, Adelaide, Helen H., m. 
Elmer Pitts, one child Dorothy A. 

Children of Susanna Chase, Fred m. Flora Brown, 

Eebecca m. Smith ; children : Nellie, Jessie, Willard, 

Howard, Carl. 

Nellie m Magee; four children. Children of Daniel 

Chase: Clara, Laura m. Horace Dwelley, Walter m. 
Florence Lawrence ; children : Mabel L., Lillian B., Mary 
L., Elsie E., George. 

Children of YVm. Chase: Lizzie m. Bruce; children: 

Arthur, Lucy. Ida m. Fred A. Fogg; children : Bessie, 
Fred, Frank, William, Alice m. Lewis Small. 

Children of Henry Chase: Fannie m. Charles Schneider; 
children: Mabel Germaine, Mina Lucile, Henry S. m. 
Hattie ; one child, Margarite. 

Children of Charles Chase: Florence m. Dr. Briggs; one 
child, Maferd. 

Children of Drucilla Chase: Delia, Eliza m. Thomas 
Wood, Ruth, Louisa m. W. I. Crane. 

Children of Sally Chase: Moses m. Elizabeth Comstock, 
Heman m. Philinda Comstock, numerous descendants. 

Children of Simeon Chase: James L., m. Amanda Ellis, 
Olive F. m. James O. Pope, Thomas M. Helen A. m. 
Thomas M. Sanborne. 

Children of Loring Chasa, Fred m. Carrie Ryan, one 
child, Bessie, Elizabeth m. Charles Gray ; children : Lucy, 
Fred A., Jennie, James m. Agnes, Jasper, Charles. 

Children of Olive Chase: John A., Warren m. Kittie 
Stuart; children: Morrill, Lena, Helen, Winona, James, 
Ralph; Arthur, Helen A., Macy S. 

Children of Helen Chase: Emily, Lucy, Arthur m. Julia 
Wiswell, Susan. 



Gl M VLOGY. 

Children of Silas Chase : Philena 'ra. W. T. Crane, W. 
Irving m. Mary Bayoock, Julia, Warren. 

Children of Philena Chase: Roy, George m. Eugenia 
Harlow, one child, Percie F. ; Charles m. Joanna Morrison; 
ohildren: Deborah, Ruth, Olive. Julia in. Henry Park- 
hurst : children : Helen, Irving. Francis, Marion. 

Children of Wm. Chase : Eliza in. Koswell Albee: one 
child. William. 

Children of Lucy Chase : Simeon m. Sophia Hanscom, 
Maria m Janus Taylor. Sarah in. Win. Elliott. 

Children of Simeon Gould: Nettie. Fred; Harry in. 
Carrie Chad well, one child. Helen. 

Children of Maria Gould : Jennie m. -Tufts; children: 
Lizzie. Nellie. William m. Delia Pickett; children: Ed- 
ward, Carrie, Lucy. Emma, George. 

Children of Sarah Gould: Elizabeth, William, Mary m. 
Cha's. Kingsley. 

hildren of ElizaChase: James m. .Mary Hopper; Eliza 
enry Seavy, Evelyn. 

Children of James Chase: Edwin, Edgar, Eliza m. 

Walker, Jessie m. John Kelly: children: Sabra, Alfred, 
Carl; Ephraim, Lucy m. Calvin Ober. 

Children of Lovinia Chase: James. Warren. Lucy; 
Laura m. Ceo. R., son of of Joseph Crandon, Columbia; 
J. Kellar m. Augusta Whittemore, Frederick m. Abbie 
Weston; 2d. Lizzie Loring. 

Children of Lama Foster: Sophia m, Clayton Leek, 

I - F. 111. Diva M Feeney. Henry. 

hildren of J. Kellar Foster: Lucy m. Herbert Fenno; 
< hildren : Mary, Ji Bse, Emma. 

hildren of Frederick Foster: Mabel m. Herbert T. 

I. . Paul. 

Children of Cynthia Chase: Horace m. Mary Freeman. 
irles in. Delia Thornton, J. Warren m, Luoy Thornton, 
Emma m. Henry Wentworth, Sarah in. John F. Farnhain. 
Laura m. I [enry T. Bullock. 

Children of Horace Seavy, [da, Mary. Bertha. 

Children of Charles Seavj : Edith, Henry. 



39") HISTORY OF MACH7AS. 

Children of Warren Seavy : Lucy, Emma, Charles, Fred 
m. Emma Dennison, Herbert. 

Children of Emma Seavy : George S. 

Children of Sarah Seavy: Eugene, Mina, Charles. 

Children of Laura Seavy : Chas. H. m. Martha H. Hill. 

Children of Betsey Chase and Daniel Scctt: Wm, m. 

Mary Mitchell, Jeremiah: Lavonia m. Pickett, Rebecca 

in. Henry Chase, (See Chase.) Henry m. — ■ — ; 

children: William, Henry, Columbus, Danforth. Susan 
m. Silas Chase, (See Chase:) Lydia m. Samuel Jenkins; 
children: Elizabeth, Sophia, Horatio, Frank, Charles. 
Maria m. Columbus Bacon: children: Harrison. Eben, 
Evelyn, Augeline, Clara, Columbus, Alberton, Hiram L. 
Daniel M. m. Jane Frost children: Elizabeth, Clara, 
Hannah, Augusta, Alfred. Betsey m. Wm. Smith: 
children: Frederic, Fanny, Alfre ', Mary F. Clara m. 
Royal Boulter; one child, Clara. Joseph W. m. Eliza Pjle; 
children: Warren, Elmiva. Robert. Mary F m. Sanrnsl 
H. Talbot; children: Lucy. Stephen C, Mary H., Edward 
J.. Lowell, Frederic O , S. Hammond, R. Griggs, Elmira. 
Elmira C. in. Paran Moody; children: Hollis, Warren. 
Roy P. 

Children of Elizabeth Jenkins and James Curran : Gratton T 
George. 

Children of Sophia Jenkins and Edward R. Eager: 
Chas. H. 

Children of Fannie Smith and Dr. Saunders: Frederic, 
Clara. 

Children of Clara Boulton and Wm. M. Davidson: 
Clara, Agnes. 

Children of Lucy H. Talbot and Andrew A. Kimball: 
Mary T., Walter H. 

Children of Mary H. Talbot and Edward R. Eager: Jones 
T.. Caroline D , m. Win. M. Chase. 

Children of E. Jerome Talbot and Fannie C. Hayden, 
James R. 

Children of Lowell Talbot and Mary C. Hayden: Kate 
H., m. Frank Forbes; children: Talbot, Leonard. William. 



GENEALOGY. 396 

Abner, Malcolm? Betsey K.. Mary S. m. Frederic L. Ulde; 
ohildren: Caroline, Kate T., Sarah V., Lowell Jr., Ham- 
mond. Chas, Tl. m. Alice B. Briston. 

Children of Fred O. Talbot and Kate Waide: Fred < >. 
Jr.. Clara S.. Kate D., Lowell J. 

Children ..1' S. R. Talbot, Jr., and Alice G. Brown: 
Stephen P.. Catharine B., Joseph B. 

Children of R. Griggs Talbot and Clarissa Regna, Ed- 
ward J.. John C, Arthur. 

Children of Elmira S. Talbot and Rev. Edgar F. Davis: 
Grace H.. Clara T. in. Dr. Frank B. Grangers. 

Children of Appullo Chase: Betsey m. Isaac Loring, one 
child, Jeremiah: Ezra m. Hannah Wilder, Joel S. m. -loan 
Connick, Bebecca: Caroline m. John Bryant; Olive S., m. 
Siineon Savage; one child. Laura, Benj. F. m. Harriet 
Xason: Sylvanus. Sarah. Aaron M. 

Children of Edgar M. Chase: Elvin m. Sophronia Kane, 
Zenas W. in Lydia Jordan, Lydia ni. Marshall Pratt, Isaac 
in. Helen Clark, Hannah, Ezra. 

Children of Joel Chase: Aaron m. Lucy Elsmore, Nancy 
S. in. Reuben Seavy, one child. Jennie; Elvira, Belinda, 
Frank. 

Ohildren of Aaron H. Chase : Elisha, Bertha in. Edwin 
Whittemore; children Everett. Bertha, Etta. Ada. Win. 
L. in. Saphonia Pouzer; children: Bertha, Eva, May, 
Helm. B'rank, Che&ter, Arthur. Edna m. John Green-, 
children: Leslie W., Olive M. 

Children of Caroline P. Chase Elisha, Nancy, John L. 
in. Mary Sherman. Elbridge in. Martha Freeman. T. 
Andrew. Betsey m. Morton Harmon, one child, John B. 

Children of John L. Bryant, Fanniem. Charles Baohillor, 

(me child. 1 D6Z. 

Children of Elbridge Bryant: Laura. Elvin. 

Children of Benj. F. Chase : Abbie m. Whittier; 

Frances <>.. George m Phebe Jones. 

Children of Eleazer Ohaae: Ephraim m. Eliza Chase; m. 
2nd. Mrs. Hannah Hopper. Mary m. Farnham Beverly; 
Stephen m. -Bell; James L, Samuel Hall m. Mo- 



397 HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

Clellan; m. 2nd. Leighton; children: Wm.. Lena, 

Samuel C. 

Children of Ephraim Chase : Harrison m. Abbie Hathaway ; 
Stephen in. Phebe Durgin; Albert, Maria in. Sylvanus S. 
Hall; children of Harrison Chase: Honora. May, Mark. 

Children of Stephen Chase: Emma, Harold, James. 

Children of Mary Chase : Stephen m. Mary Hill, Eliza m. 
Aaron Ramsdell, m. 2nd. John Parsons, Esther m Stephen 
Dowling; m. 2d. James Munson, Henry m. Julia Babb, 
Mary m. James Dowling, Lucy m. Wm. Gardner, Mark m. 
Eliza Beverly, Warren m. lives at Princeton, one child. 
Clara m. John Ferrill. 

Children of Stephen Beverly, Melvin, Mary, Alice m. 
Gulian Foster, one child, Herman J. Fred m. Ida Andrews; 
m. 2nd. Abbie Munson ; children : Maud, Beatrice, Marv. 
Nettie, Lewis, Ernest, Cora m. Wm. Hill. Arthur m. Maud 
Crafts, m. 2nd. Ida Hoyt; children: Ruth H. , Marjory, Paul, 
William; Charlotte m. Schaffner Morse; children: Arthur, 
Stella, Stanley, Joseph. 

Children of Eliza Beverly : Winslow, Henry, Julia, 
Bion, Wm. 

Children of Esther Beverly : Mary C. m. John Bassett; 
Julia m. Roswell Harriden, Edwin, Laura m. Richard 
Siddan, m. 2nd. Curtis Cook, Emma m. Calvin Matthews. 

Children of Henry Beverly : Antoinette m. Wilson Mc- 
Lellan ; children : Charles, Ella, George. 

Children of Mary Beverly :. Sarah m. Geo. Lund. Alice 
m. George Holmes, Ella m. Henry Andrews, Lucy m. 
Thomas McGeorge, Stephen m. Esther Beverly, Clara m. 
Isaac Gooch, Lucinda m. Hiram Robinson, Mark m. 
Charlotte Cook. 

Children of Lucy Beverly : Frances m. Arthur Trimble, 

Clara m. ■ Preston; m. 2nd. Curtis; William, Paul; 

Hattie m. John Haines, Thomas m. Annie Robinson, James 
m. Clara Gardner. 

Children of Mark Beverly: Julia m. John Conniss; 
Chase. 



OENEALOGV. 398 

Children of Clara Beverly: Helen m. Alden Grant, Bffie, 
William 

Children of Stephen hase : C Stephen m. Cordelia Dins- 
more; William. Oliver m. Sarah Crane; George; SewelJ 
in Cora Saunders, Edgar m. Edwina Smith. 

( hildren of Oliver Chase : Annie. .Mary, Rebecca, Alice, 
Ralph. Edna. 

Children of Wealthy Chase: Samuel, Hannah m. Robert 
Patterson; Timothy, Lydia, Susan m. Isaac Loring, Betsey 
in. -Fobs, Mary m. Columbus Bacon ; children: Hiram, 
John, James. 

Children of Susan Stiokney: Isaac. Nancy, Emily, 
Plara, Leonice, many descendants in Perry. 

Children of Cynthia Chase: Vashti in. Samuel Scott, J. 
Harrs. Daniel, Cynthia in. - Whidden, Hannah in. - 
( iloatman, Lydia. John. 

Children of Deborah Chase: Eleazar, Esther m. James 
Tyler. Sarah in. Geo. W, Carlton. George, Eliza, Charles, 
Cynthia in. Elijah Carlton -. m. 2nd. Ashley Smith: m. 3d. 

Razor: children: Win. 0., James, Ephraim, Deborah, 

Ephraim. 

Children of Esther Chase: Ellis in. Cynthia Chase, (See 
Cynthia.) Wm. m. Mary Pierce, Ephraim in. Almira 
Smith. Mary m. Joshua Lowry, Elizabeth m. Stephen 
Eanscom, Hannah m. Henry Seavey. 

Children of Geo. W. Seavy: Helen, Jonas P., John W., 
A lil lie W. m. Rufus Blanchard, one child, Frank. Laura E. 
in. Curtis Howe. Mary S. m. Brackett, David, Gilbert 

Children of Ephraim Seavy. Frank. Loring, Clara in 
- Richardson; children: Esther, Elmer. Emma in. 
Marr. 

Children of Mary Seavy: Warren m. Susan Seavey. 
Amanda. Florence; Louise m. Dr. Geo. Osgood, Mary E. 
tn. Luther Morse, one child. Alios 

Children of Harry Lowry: John. Joshua in Lizzie 

Campbell, Joanna, Stephen. Mary in. Frank Elsmore, 

Warren in. Inez Huntley, John. Harlan. Louise ni. Stephen 
Scott, ( foorge 



399 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Children of Louise Lowry : John, Charles, Mary. 

Children of Hannah Seavy : Henry m. Eliza Chase, m. 
2nd Betsey Townsend; James, Esther ra. Alvin Dwelley, 
Mary, Almira m. O'Brien West. 

Children of Henry Seavy : Grace, Henrietta m. Edward 
Robinson, Hannah, Charles. 

Children of Esther Seavy: Mary E. m. Win. Kellar; 
Augusta, Laura ra. Holman Chaloner; children: Evelyn, 
Helen. Esther m. I. H. Robinson ; children : Alma, 
Dean. 

Children of Levi Chase: Cyrus m. Sophronia Bagley ; 
Charles m. Susan Ackley; Cynthia ra. Parker Uennison, 
Lucelle, Mary ra. John Parsons, Ethel m. Gilbert Dennison, 
Isaiah m. Rebecca Pigeon, Evaline m. Abner McGuire, 
descendants in Cutler; Deborah m. Stephen Pigeon, moved 
to N. Y. 

Children of Cynthia Chase : Lariesse, Ruth, Agnes, 
George. 

Children of Mary E. Chase: Lucretia, Charles m. Mrs. 
- Waterhouse, Otis m. Mrs. Felicia Babb 

Children of Isaiah Chase: Adarilla, Jerome m. Lona 
; one child, Warren. 

Children of Amanda Chase: Florence m. Ellis, 

Laura m. - — Connick; ra. 2nd. Brown, Annie m. 

Geo. Thompson; Wm. Jr., Ulysses, Mina m. - - Wheeler, 
2nd Chas. Page, Isaiah ra. Clara Gardner. 

Children of Annie Huntley : — Edward, Jane, John. 

Children of Mina Huntley: Julia, Susan, Warren, Ruth. 

It has ever been remarked that Apollos Chase, son of 
Ephraim. was the first man in East Falls, who declined to 
follow the custom of treating visitors with liquor. He 
quoted scripture, "Give not thy neighbor strong drink." 
Ever after he was a consistent temperance advocate. 

Capt. Ephraim Chase was noted for his superior strength. 
When his boys were men he would take one under each arm 
and carry them a distance, with such a grip that they could 
not escape. 

Many times he was seen to hold by his hands, to a beam 



400 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




Charles Gary 

For many years was engaged in trade at East Machias. 
He was always an efficient and useful citizen in town and 
local aftairs. enjoying the confidence of the people. 



GENEALOGY. 4(11 

in the house, and thus transfer himself across a Long room - . 
Oapt. ( base's wife was h woman of ureal oourage. For 

several years she kept an ax near her bed as a weapon of 

defense in case of an attack by Indians or others. Her 
husband made a joke of "ax oastle," declaring she would 
not have courage to use it. One night he arrived home late 

from sea. lie found the door barred and raised a window 
attempted to gel in. In a twinkling the a\ was over his 
head, hut the familiar voice "Don't" checked the descend- 
ing implement anil .Mrs. Chase was quite overcome by the 
act. Capt. Chase said, "That was coming nearer my end 
than any accident or danger of the sea which 1 have met." 



CARY. 

Caleh Cary b. No. Bridgewater, Mass., 1788. removed to 
East Machias. 1809, m. Sarah J., daughter of Peter Talbot; 
he died in ISIS, she in 1856; children: Charles, Lewis. 
C arles m. Mary E., daughter of Luther Cary : children: 
William, Lucy, both died young. Austin, George F. Charles 
m. 2d. Mrs. Delia Collin Marshall, no children. Charles d. 
L884, Mrs. .Mary Cary d. in. 1875. 

Geo. F. m. Miss Lottie Coleman of II ait ford. Conn. l ss .». 
one child, Charles Austin. 

Edwin L. son of Charles and Mary Cary died at four. 

Geo. F.. graduate of Bowdoin, was Treasurer of Machias 
Savings Bank several years; at presenl a trustee and 
President of Machias Banking Co. ; also Treasurer of Wash- 
ington Academy. 

Lucy Cary of Caleh d. in infancy. 

Lewis of Caleb m. Lavina Simpson, she died in l ss :;-. 

ohildren: Wales L. m. lives in Brooklyn, N. Y., 

physician, children: Emma, Bertha. 

Jonathan Cary b. No . Bridgwater, Mass.. 1791, removed 
to East Machias when a young man. m. Mary Eanscomb, 
L818, settled in Cooper; children: Caleb, Benrj 8., Mary 
H.. Pri8cilla P., Aaron d. young. Caleh m. Vienna 

Bridgham; children: Lama E., Yeranus L. Alvin. 



402 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Manly, Frank, Elisha, Edgar, Lillian, Eunice, Laura rn. 
Wm. Ellis live at Cooper; children: Harry, m. Rosa Jones; 
one child, Rosa. 

Alvin of Caleb m. Edith Mahar, one son, Perley. 

Mauley and Frank d. young. 

Elisha Cary of Caleb m. Nellie Blanchard; children: 
Guy, Helen. 

Henry of Jonathan m. Waity Palmeter; children : Evelyn, 
Willard. 

Priscilla of Jonathan m. H. Nelson Bridgham; children: 
Emma, Milton F., Embert, Adra, Frank L., Edgar C, 
Nellie and Justin two last deceased. Emma m. Horace F. 
Allen; children: Bert N. m. Kate Tabbutt; Willis of 

Emma m. Falkingham, Eva of Emma m. Geo. W. 

Bucknam; Rev. M. F. Bridgham of the E. M. Conference, 
m. Anna Allen, Embert d. in Haverhill, Mass., Adra m. 
Otis E. Pineo, Frank d. young, Rev. Edgar C, pastor of 

church in Haverhill, Mass., H. N. Bridgham in. 2nd 

— ; children: Maggie d. young; Rev. Edgar C. m. 
Miss Charlotte, daughter of Rev. F. R. Stratton, Lowell, 
Mass, Justin R. m. ; children: Emma, Marion. 

Edgar of Caleb m. Annie Naves; children: Roy. Pearl. 
Verna, Edgar, reside in Brocton, Mass. 

Lillian of Caleb m. Wm. Conte; children: Carl, Victor, 
Ethel. 

Eunice of Caleb m. Raymond Damon ; children : Alice, 
Bertha, Arthur, Alice m. Geo. H. Cary, live in Brockton, 
Mass. Bertha m. Alfred Miles, live in Charlotte, Me. 

Mary of Jonathan m. Samuel Sprague, April 1845; 
children: Henry S., Austin C, Mary J. , Sarah E., Willard 
H., Helen E., Lincoln W., Lizzie B., Live in Haverhill, 
Mass. 

Henry m. Abbie L. Nichols, June 1867, Hampstead, N. 
H. ; children : Willard, Embert — he m. 2nd Augusta H. 
Johnston; children: Leon A., Mary B., Paul F., Riedel 
S. 

Austin of Mary m. Hattie Young, Haverhill, Mass. ; no 
children. 






403 



Mary J. of Mary m. Ethie] Worcester, June 1869; 
children: Effie J, m. Boward Sargent; one child. Fstelle 
S. 

Willard H. of Mary m. Estelle Libby; children: Fred 
S.. Joe, Austin, Carlyle, Edna. 

Li/./.ic B. of Mary m. Berber! P. Eaton ; no children. 

Luther Cary, native of No. Bridgewater, b. 171)4. came to 
East Machias, m. Eliza W. Foster, L818, settled in Cooper, 
d. at the age of 92; James W., Eliza d. young, Geo. W., 
Delia. Charlotte, .Mary. .Martin. Martha. Hiram. 

James in. Annie E. Allen, onechild, John, hem. and lives 
in Iowa; children: James A., Alice. 

George of Luther d. in Cooper, 1886; m. Roxana Damon. 

Delia m. Stephen J. Getchell; children: Carroll, Helen. 
Jennie m. Harvej Leith; children: Fred. Delia, Mary. 
Live in Providence, R. I. 

Charlotte of Luther m. Henry L. Foster, live in 
i'n>\ idence. 

Mary of Luther m. Charles Cary of Fast Machias. 

Martin of Luther m. Mary Wattles; children: Edwin. 
Walter W.. Alice. Helen. 

Edwin in. Clara Perry; onechild, Eleanor. 

Walter of Martin m. Margaret Forsyth; children: 
Margaret, Luther, Ida M.. W. Howard. 

Martha m. W. S. Humphreys, she died in Providence, 
1,894; <'ii" son, Foster, a physician, lives in Worcester, 
Mas 



CLARK. 



Doctor Parker Clark m. Judith Lnnt, in X. S., 1 T T » > ; 

children: Samuel, John. Phillips m. Sophia Fellows; 
children: Win. F., George. Albert, Sophia, Harriet. 

lei in Lydia Smith; children: Parker, Judith, 
D borah; Hannah, Nelson, Sarah. Lydia, Jane. Judith 
in. H. Thatcher Smith ; Deborah m. Wm. F. Smith. Jane 
in. Enoch Dorman ; 2n I Si >phen Longfellow. 



404 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

DONWORTH. 

April 11, 1833, there came from Dennysville to Machias, a 
young man, who had just reached his majority, — from that 
day to this the town has never been wholly dissociated from 
his name. 

Patrick Enright Donworth was born in County 
Limerick, Ireland, 1811; was of mixed lineage his patroinym 
having descended from an English ancestor, who passed to 
Ireland at the time of the abdication of James II. For 
four years before his coming to Machias, Mr. Donworth had 
been in this country and being of an earnest, alert nature, 
he had fully discovered what prospects were his in common 
with others, who sought in these early days a new home and 
a new life on our shores. His devoted love for his adopted 
country and its institutions was a conspicuous trait. 

In a small building at the corner of Court and Centre 
streets, on the site of the Eastern Hotel, Mr. Donworth 
opened a tailor's shop, and here began a business life, untir- 
ing in its pursuits. By stringent fidelity to his simple call- 
ing and by economy equally as rigid, the young man here 
laid securely the foundation of a successful commercial, 
social and religious career. His habits of industry soon 
bore substantial fruit. In two years we find him purchasing 
the present site of Donworth Block on Main street, then 
occupied by the first school house built in Machias. He 
transformed the building into a shop, and moved his 
business hither. 

His chosen lines of life were exemplary. His spare hours 
were passed in reading, a source of information of which he 
was indeed passionately fond ; often the hours of sleep were 
curtailed in order that his longing for knowledge might be 
satisfied. 

As he accumulated books and learning he gathered capital 
to promote business ; the shop developed into a store ; the 
tailoring business disappeared, a conspicuous share in local 
enterprises was taken, and before many years Mr. Donworth 
was fairly started in that career for which he was known, 



VLOGY. 



4or, 




m 



P. I'.. DONWORTH. 



GEN] U OGY. 40G 

merchant, shipowner, lumber manufacturer. He rapidly 
bough! real estat ■ both in tow i and adjacent districts. His 
forestry was extensive and his vessels which sailed from his 
wharves, sough! not only Boston, New Sort and other home 
ports, but made rounds of the seas bringing return cargoes 
from otheT lands 

In any circle Mr. Donworth would have become prominent ; 
if his influence and reputation were limited to an Eastern 
oounty it was because it was hen' he chose to live. In a 
wider space the effects of Ids character would have been 
proportionally marked ; psychologically he was a superior 
man. The strongest uote of his personality was Ids 
religiousness. His faith was Catholic. He loved it and 
identified himself with it through life. Everything 
Catholic attracted him, let it be topic, hook or paper, 
organization or person. 

It was at his house for years, when Machias had no 
resident Catholic Pastor, that the clergymen from Ellsworth, 
Bangor and beyond eame onee in six weeks or two months to 
officiate a1 Divine service and other religious functions; he 
bought and presented the lan.l on which the present Catholic 
church on Free street stands. Net only was this his free 
gift, he also contributed largely towards the erection of the 

til- I church and its support. 

A second talent of Mr. Donworth was his high in- 
tellectuality. Tlis mental endowments made him enjoyable, 
especially as they were set off by keen wit and a love of 
humor. 

lie delighted in sooial life as a relaxation and as a home 

keeper. lie loved to play the part of host, and was never so 
at his best, as at his own table with his family and friends. 
In person he was tall and quite elect, which with his 

dignified though rather rapid walk made him a prominent 
figure in the st:. achias Eor many years. 

Mr. Donworth was to a great extent conservative, being 
naturally an rat, and yet was so far Democratic that 

lie believe I th > pin m '.-it was at the top. In effect he 

was an intens • anti socialist holding Btriotly to the principle 



407 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

that "he who earns deserves;" the only exception being for 
the old, the weak and the incapable. 

The character of such a man naturally turns to the making 
of a home. Mr. Donworth was twice married, — in 1836 to 
Miss Sarah Egan, of Eastport; in 1846 to Miss Mary E. 
Baker of Boston. His wife and nine children survived him ; 
he died April 1876. He rests in the cemetery at Machias 
beneath the family monument, but his influence cannot die. 
He is remembered as one of the builders of Machias and as 
one of the most respected of its citizens. 

Mrs. Donworth survives her husband and occupies the 
family homestead in Machias. Their children : Charles 
H . Clement B., and Grace are residents of their native 
town Mary E., widow of Stephen Sherlock lives at Eastport; 
John P. and Albert B. in Caribou ; Maria is a member of 
the Order of Sisters of Mercy, her name in religion is 
Margaret Mary and is attached to the Convent of St. 
Francis Xavier, in Providence , R. I. Austin and George 
reside in Seattle, Wash. 

Mary m. Stephen Sherlock; children: Genevieve, 
William. Aubrey. 

Geo. m. Emma Tenney ; children : Carl, Robert, Mary. 

C. B. Donworth m. Kate Handy; children: Eugene C, 
Harold d. 1901, aged 25, Helen C. 

Four of P. E. Donworth's sons are lawyers; John P., 
Clement B., George, Albert. 

Eugene C, son of C. B. Donworth, is in legal practice, 
Bangor, Me. 

Harold, who was admitted to the bar in 1900, formed part- 
ship with his father, died the following year; his death was 
widely mourned. 



DREW. 

The first Drew in New England was John, a native cf 
Wales, who came to Plymouth in 1660. He was a ship- 
wright by trade. In 1670 he possessed a fishing shallop. 
Three of his sons settled in Plymouth, and two in Duxbury. 



Gl M M.OiA . 



408 



Many "f his descendants followed the Bame calling, thai oi 
shipwright. Consider Drew of Machias was a carpenter and 
builder. 

John, above named, was the son of Wm, Drew ; and grand- 
son of 8ir. Edward Drew Knighted bj Queen Elizabeth In 
L589. 

Ellis Drew built a vessel at Maohias, the "Ira," for 
Boston parlies. Before he married he came to Machias and 
had nearly completed a vessel for launching when by a 
mysterious fire the vessel was burned on the stocks. Soon 
after this he went to Massachusetts, married and returned 
making Machias his home. 

Nathaniel Drew m. widow Lydia R. Aokley: one child 
Lucy. whom. Aliram Ackley,— Abram and Lucy live on 
the old Drew farm at Holmes Bay, near the spot where 
Nathaniel built the first log house. 

Consider Drew, the Ancestor of nearly all the Drews of 
this vicinity, came from Plymouth. .Mass. Re in. Jennie 
Ellis, 1767 and settled at Middle Eiver, Machias. Children: 

Ellis, b. L769, Lucia b. 1771. 

Ellis of Consider m. Deborah Gibbs ; children : Nathaniel 
b. L796; Ins parents m< veil to Holme's Bay, now Whiting, 
L797 ; Wm. Ellis b. at Bokoes' Bay, 1798; Joseph W., b. 
1801, Thomas G., and Lucy, twins, h. 1n>-J. Seth d. young, 
Hiram b. 1805, died at 64; Hillary L. b. July 22, L807; 
.lane. L809, Abagail, Ml Deborah, 1814, John \\\, 1819, 
d. unmarried. I s 17. 

Joseph W. of Ellis Drew m. Jemima Lyon; children : 
harles, Ezra, Julia. Mary. Emery, lives in Ohio. 

I a m. Susan J. Griffin; children: one sou d. young, 
Ida M . m M married. 

Julia of Joseph m. Daniel Gerrey ; one child, a son living 
in Mannisburg, Ohio. Mr. <i. is a paper manufacturer 

Mary d. unmarried. 

Emery not m. lived in Cleveland. Ohio; deceased. 

Three broth i i. came to N. H. at an early date; 

Ellis settled in Whiting; h ; s family were eight boys and 
four girls, 



409 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Daniel settled at Beaver Harbor, N. B. ; the other brother 
Pelham or "Repelham" lived in Wesley and Northfield. 

Joseph W. was not called into service. 
Ezra of Joseph volunteered for the Civil war but was 
rejected on disability. 

Consider Drew m. • — — — ; children: Ellis, John, 
Otis, Lucy m. Harry Thaxter, of Machias, Ellie, Pelham. 

Lucy Drew of Nathaniel m, Abram Ackley; children: 
Nathaniel, Melvin, Ada, Elva, Delana, Angie. 

Nathaniel m. Mary Butler of Calif; children: Beatrice, 
John, Nathaniel. 

Melvin of Lucy m. Julia Holmes; children: Gertrude, 
Blanche. Maude, Bertha, Roy, Florence. 

Ada of Lucy m. Augustus Kelly; children: Harry, Oscar 
and Abram d. young, Edith, Oscar. 

Elva of Lucy m. Capt. Geo. F. Kelly; children: Edna, 
Gorden, George, Sanford. 

Delaney of Lucy m. Eugene Kelly; children: Clarence 
of Lawrence, Irene. 

Angie of Lucy m. Wm. Sanborne; children: Ella, 
Florence. Four families last named live in Jonesport. 

Nathaniel Drew of Ellis m. widow Lydia Ackley ; one 
child, Lucy m. Abram Ackley. 

Thomas Drew of Ellis m. Margaret Dennison; children: 
Mary d. at 24, Gilbert d. at 16, Shephen d. when Captain of 
the Soh. Milo at Jamaica, aged 22, Nancy m. Horatio 
Huntly; shed. 1901. 

Lucy Drew, daughter of Ellis m. James Davis, she d. 
1SSS. 

Hillary L. Drew m. Jane E Drew. 1831; children: 
Lucinda b. 1838, Geo. F. b. 1855, Delia b. 1840. Rachel 
1842, Laura, 1844, Clara, 1847, Myron, 1850, Josephine, 
1853, Celestine, 1856, Ellery, 1858, Charles, 1860 

Jane, daughter of Ellis Drew m. Reuben Huntley, 1826; 
children: Charles, Sarah, Samuel, Lavina, Daniel, Joseph, 
James. 

Abagail E. Drew of Ellis in. Robert Cates, 1839; children : 
Lewis, Lavina, Alden, John, Agnes, Joseph. 



GENEALOGY. 410 

Deborah Drewof Ellis m. Merritt Huntley; ohildren: 
Warren, Cordelia, Richard, Emily, Joseph, Deborah, 
An gelina. 

Geo. F. f son of Hillary Drew b. 1836, d. in Wis. 1880. 
He was in t^e Civil war. enlisting in the 9th. Maine Infantry, 
Co. H. Aug 1861. He was made a prisoner on the Wilson 
raid June 1864, twice escaping and recaptured, being held a 
prisoner in Libby and Andersoiiville prisons until March 
21, 1865, when he was released by Sherman's army on its 
march to the sea." While on furlough he married Caroline 
Wells, March. 1864; children: Edgar, Jerome, Myron, 
Blanche. Fred. 

Delia Drew of Hillary m. Charles H. Ashworth ; children: 
twin sons b. 1870; reside in Cal. 

Rachel of Hillary m. Archibald Thomas; She died in New 
York, Laura H. of Hillary went to Cal. m. Charles Helmer, 
1869; children: Frank, Carrie. 

Clara of Hillary m. Win. W. Abbott; children: 
Charlotte, Nellie, Clarence, live in Cal. 

Myron Drew of Biliary m. Mary Pearl, live in Oregon; 
children: Eva, Nettie, Jesse, Waive. 

Josephine of Hillary in. Win. H. Godfrey, 1871, live in 
Mass. 

Caelestine Drew of Hillary m. Robert Lockhart; 
children: Willie. Jane, Ethel, Celestine. Hillary E., live 
in Penn. 



ELLIOT. 

Martha O'Brien, daughter of Morris O'Brien, m. 1st. 

Daiii.l Klliot. 2nd. Ladwiok Holway. Children: 1st. 
Daniel, Isabella. Mary, Simon. Jeremiah, dames. 

Daniel Klliot m. Mary ratten, children: .lames. Isabella, 
Martha. Betsey, Daniel. 

Isabella m. Daniel Lambert; children. Francis. 

Mary in. l>t. Daniel Aylnard, 2nd. Richard Sanborn; 
children: 1st. Daniel. Mary. Martha. 

Simon in. Betsev Nickels; children: Ethan, John, 



411 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Frank, William, Robert, Jeremiah, Samuel, Eliza, Margaret. 

Jeremiah m. Hannah Queston; children: Anna, John, 
James. 

Grand -children of Daniel Elliot and Martha O'Brien 
Elliot: 

James m. Annie Libbey ; children : Mary, Eliza, Simon. 

Isabella m. James Smith ; children : Mary, Laertes, 
Laura, Martha, Rebecca, Elizabeth, Frank, James, Caroline. 

Martha m. Robert Forbes; children: Mary, Caroline, 
Eliza, John, Lucinda. 

Betsey m. Thomas White. 

Daniel Aylnard m. Mary J. McDougal ; children : Patrick, 
Mary J., Samuel. 

Mary Aylnard m. Daniel Rhodes; children: Daniel, 
Ferdinand, Mary, Esther, Joanna. 

Martha m. Rose; children: Martha, Jane. 

Ethan Elliot m. Mary Godfrey; children: Harriet, 
Margaret, Elizabeth, Louise. 

Samuel m. Mary Rhodes; children: Martha, Georgie, 
Daniel, Ferdinand. 

Margaret m. Barry M. Clinch ; children : Barietta m. 
— Buel. 

Great-Grand-children of Daniel Elliot and Martha O'Brien 
Elliot: 

Mary Smith m. MuGuire Cates; children: Caleb F., 
Laertes, Edwin, Isabella. 

Mary Forbes m. Lucius Dennison; children: Gilbert, 
Fiank, Robert. 

Eliza m. Alonzo Jones; children: Ada, Elbridge G. 

Lucinda m. Capt. Bearce. 

Patrick Aylnard m. Mrs. Winchell ; children : James, 
Frank. 

Mary J. m. Jeremiah E. Holway ; children: (See Wm. 
Hoiway, Sr. family.) 

Samuel m. Jennie Goodman. 

Mary Rhodes m. Samuel Elliot children: (See Elliot 
family. ) 

Esther m. Bough. 



GENEALOGY. 412 

.Jane Rose m. Henry Armstrong children: Helen, 
Robert. 

Harriet Elliot m. < l-ardner. 

Elizabeth m. Capt. ( i ibson 

Great Greal Grand-Childrerj of Daniel Elliot and Martha 
O'Brien Elliot: Gilbert Dennison m. Lst. Luna Moore, 2nd. 
in. lta Williams children: lst. Ralph. 

Ada Jones in. Cha i. Dearborn. 

Samuel Ellis in. Mary Nye, Sandwich, .Mass.; children: 
Remember in. John Getchell, Maohias, Deborah in. Walter 
Robbins, East Machias; children: Amy. Rebecoa. 

Rebeoca m. John Dickinson; children: Amy, Mary, 
John, Deborah, Samuel. Eliza, Lydia, Joseph. 

Mary in. Calvin White. 

Deborah in. Samuel Harris, Eliza in. Henry Boyden. 

Nathaniel m. Abagail Tumbledon; children: Edward, 
Elizabeth, Mary. Stephen, Melinda, Frederic, Samuel. 

Hannah m. N. Webber Poster; children: S. Calvin, L. 
Carver, Mary m. L. L. Keith, Isabella m. Edwin Maloon. 



FOSTER. 

Colonel Benjamin Foster in. Abagail Milliken; 2nd. 
Elizabeth Scott. Greenland, N. H. ; children: Jacob, 
Daniel died yonng, John, Benjamin, Abijah, Elizabeth died 
young, Levi, Betsey m. Joshua Burr, moved to Trenton, 
Asa, Samuel, Daniel. George. 

Jaoob m. Anna Jones; children: Howard, Naham, 
I [arriet, Louisa, I >aniel, Sally. 

John m. l'lielie Burr; children: Susan, William, Mary, 

Henry, Emma. 

Benjamin in. Ruth Scott: children: Simeon. Asa, 
Thankful, Letice, Jeremiah, Susan. Sally. 

Abijah Foster m. Aphia Talbot; children: Abagail, 
Lucy. Eliza, Harriet, Aphia. Charlotte, Mary. Frederic, 
Stephen. Eliza in. Jeremiah Foster, Mary m. Phineas 
Foster, the others died unmarried. 



413 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Levi Foster m. Sally Beal ; children : Susan, Betsey, 
Edward, Phebe, Warren, George. Susan was drowned, 
Betsey m. Geo. H. Avery. (See Avery. ) 

Daniel ra. Hannah Gardner. 

George m. Cynthia Chase ; children : Vashti, J. Harris, 
Daniel, Cynthia, Hannah, Lydia, John. 

Louisa of Benj. m. Wra. Chaloner, son of Dr. Chaloner; 
children :' Maria m. Winslow Bates. 

Louisa m. Benjamin Tinker. 

Mary m. John Balch. 

Susan m. Moses Hovey. 

Henry in. Burr. 

Thankful of Benj. Jr., m. Tristram Moore. 

Letice m. Lawrence Williams. 

Jeremiah m. Eliza of Abijah and Aphia, who lived at St. 
David, N. B. ; children: John F., Benjamin, Aphia, Eliza, 
Flora. 

Eliza of Jere m. James Castello; one child, Frederic. 

Flora m. Asa Butterfield. 

Susan of Benj. Jr. m. Samuel Burnham. 

Sally m. Waide. 

Sarah Avery in. Joseph Libby; one child, George. 

Susan m. James Stuart; 2nd. — — ; children: 

Lucinda, Edgar, Frank, Elmer. 

Lucinda m. Harlan P. Smith ; children : Kitty, Frank, 
Susan. 

Betsey A. Avery in. Atkins Gardner. 

Mary H. Avery m. Joseph Niles; children: Joseph, 
Elmer, Lizzie. 

Phebe Avery m. Luther Hall; children: Albert, Warren, 
Elizabeth, Miranda, Augustus, Oliver, Geo. Lyman, Mary, 
Orren, James, Jules, Inez S. 

Albert m. Anna Parker; children: Albert, Ellen, Ada, 
Charles, Anna, Nellie, Caroline. 

Elizabeth m. John A. Harraden; children: Fred B., 
William died young, James O. do, Laura H., Fred m. 
Jennie R. 

James m. Mary E. Settle; children: Lena, James. 



GENEALOGY. 414 

Edward Foster 111. Fannie Cilley ; 2nd. Emeline Smith. 

George Foster m Sally Libby; 2nd. Caroline DeWolfe. 

Betsey Foster tn. Joshua Burr; 2nd. Asa Foster. 

Samuel Foster, Deacon in. Comfort, daughter of Syivanus 
Scott; children: Benjamin, Alfred, Mehitable, Clarissa, 
Susan. Horatio d. unmarried; Elizabeth, S. Freeman, Geo. 
H. d. unmarried. .1. Andrew. Jacob. 

Benjamin Foster m. .Joanna, daughter of Moses, son of 
Wood in Foster; children: Eunice, Lydia, Julia, Drusilla, 
Joanna died at 25, Benjamin d. at 17. 

Eunice m. Edward Wiswell, ; one child, died in infancy; 
2nd. m. John A lien. 

Lydia Foster in. John Wiswell; children: Frank. H., 
Julia F.. George. 

Frank m. Antoinette Chaloner; children: Rev. Thomas 
C, Harry d. young, Julia, Hovey M. 

Rev. Thomas C. m. Hessie Doyle; one child, died in 
infancy. 

Julia m. Arthur Sanborne. 

Ilovey m. Nettie Steeves; one child, Sarah C. 

Julia of John m. Horatio G. Maloon ; one child, Mary E. 

Julia Foster in. Charles Kilby ; children: Fredd. young, 
Benjamin P., Henry. Emily. Herbert. 

Benjamin F. in. Lucy Corthell: children: Edith, Marcia, 
Mary d. young. 

Henry Kilby m. Eliza Cox; children: Julia, Gertrude, 
\ jus. Alice. Richard, Frank. Ruth, Alden. 

Emily Kilby m. Howard Kilby: children: Horace. 
Hope, Esther. 

Herbert Kilby m, llattie Pike: children; Humphrey d. 
young. Lucy. 

Drusilla Foster m. Charles Hobart; children: Clara, 

Joanna d. unmarried. .Maria. Mary d. young. 

Clara lloliari in. Frank P. Dennison, one child Charles. 

Maria Hobari in. ( )scar Chaloner: children: Ruth. 
Ainv. Sidney, Earl. 



415 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Sidney Hobart m. A.da Morong ; children: Clara, Benja- 
min. Ralph, Richard, Chester, Drnsilla. Alice, Edmund, 
Ada. 

Alfred Foster m. Rebecca, daughter of Joel, son of Wood- 
in; children: Stephen C, Fannie, Rebecca, Emeline d. 
young, Samuel, Julia died unmarried, Clarissa and Mary 
both d. young. 

Stephen C. Foster b. 1820: graduated fale College 1840, 
m. Signora Meced Lugo, of Los Angeles Cal. : two children 
Stephen H. and d. young. 

Fannie Foster m. Win. Pattangall. 

Rebecca Foster m. Rev. Geo. Ingraham ; children : Mary, 
Clara. 

Clara m. ■ — Bell; children; Aubrey d. in infancy, 
Albert, Edna, Rae. 

Samuel Foster m. Mary Linden, one child Samuel. 

Mehitable Foster m. N. Webber Foster, son of Paul, of 
Woodin; children: Elizabeth m. Frederic Davis; children: 
Frederic W. d. unmarried, Fannie M., Edgar d. in infancy, 
Rev. Edgar F. Davis. 

Fannie M. m. Theophilus J. BatchelderM. D. of Machias. 

Edgar F. m. Elmira Talbot; children: Grace, Clara. 

Clarissa Foster, in. S. Clark Fester; no issue. 

Susan Foster m. Wm. Marsh; children: Samuel W., 
Hannah d. unmarried, Samuel W. m. Julia daughter of 
Abraham and Almira (Chaloner) McQuillan. 

Elizabeth Foster m. Elijah Wilder* one child Laura. 

S. Freeman Foster m. Jane P. Fletcher, no issue. 

J. Andrew Foster m. Hannah O. Smith; 2n Irene M. 
Pope. 

Jacob Foster m. Deborah Smith; 2d Margaret Bowker. 

Daniel Foster m. Hannah daughter of Ebenezer Gardner; 
no issue. 

George Foster m. Cynthia, daughter of Ephraim Chase; 
children: Vasthi, Josiah H., Daniel and Cynthia twins, 
Hannah, Lydia, John. 



GENEALOGY. 4 HI 

Vasthi Poster m. Samuel Scott. Cynthia m. 

\\ hidden. I [annab m. Gloutman. 

Woodin Fester a brother of Col. Benj. Foster m. Prances 

Scott: sister of Samuel and Sylvanus Sc.tt; children: 
John Woodin. Sarah . Moses. Jennie d. unmarried. Paul, 
Joel, Ruth. Elias, James. 

John Woodin m. Lucy Chase; children: Jennie m. Na- 
thaniel Babb; Sally m. Joseph Larrabee; Fannie m. John 
White, 2d - McGHaughlin. John Woodin Foster in. 2d 
Brown, sister of Jesse Brown; Thankful in. Amos Ack- 
ley. ("hails. Isaiah. Ruth in. Levi Chase; children: Cy- 
rus. Charles, Cynthia m. Parker Dennison*, Lucella, Mary 
in. John Parsons; Esther m. Gilbert Dennison; 2d Ezra 
Dennison; Isaiah, Evelyn. Mc( i wire ; Amanda in. William 
Huntly; Deborah m. Stephen Pigeon. 

Merry Foster in Pearl Howe; Lucy m Moses Elsmore; 
Sally in Jacob Crosby: Polly in. - Butler. John 

Woodin Foster in. Mehitable Meserve: Susan; Solomon. Fos- 
ter m. - Wilder. Sarah Foster in. Stephen Munson; 
children: Stephen , Ho bert, Moses. Paul, Foster, Fannie, 
John , Mark, Eliza. Sally. Fannie in. Elkanah Hanscom ; 
Moses in. Druzilla West. Wilmot, Lydia d. unmarried, 
Jabez, Aaron, Cyrus, Joanna. Phineas, Ezra, Druzilla, 
Cynthia. Jeremiah. 

Jabez m. Drusilla Chase daughter of William, son of Eph". 
Chase; Aaron in. Sally Chase sister to Druzilla. Cyrus W. 
Foster m. Sally Turner; children: Eliza, Caroline, Harriet, 
Emma, Eliza. 

Eliza Foster m. Josiah II. Talbot; children: Frank F.. 
Charles C, Walter. Eliza d. young. 

Frank E. in. Anna Bryant; children: Walter. Eliza d. 
young. Charles in. Fliza J. Xorris; no issue. Walter 
in. Nettie Hubbard : children: Edith, Miriam. 

Caroline Foster m. James K. Talbot; no children. 

Harriet M. Foster in. Edgar Whidden ; children: Caro- 
line. Harriet. Edgar, James d. young, Amy II. Caroline 
in. Ke\ . R. II. Spencer. 






417 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Eev. Edgar L. Foster m. Mary Boyden ; children : Will- 
ard, Lillie d. young, Emma do, Edgar L. 

Joanna Foster m. Benjamin Foster, son of Samuel, he 
son of Col. Benj. 

Phineas Foster — 

Ezra Foster — 

Rev. I. C. Knowlton in his "Annals of Calais" published 
1875, says of Cong, ministers who filled pastorates in that 
place— "Rev. E. L. Foster from East Machias, " at that 
date/ "The last and most dearly beloved," being successor 
of Rev. C. G. McCully. 

Drnsilla Foster m. J. Fairbanks Harris; children: Eliza, 
Josiah, Leonard, Laura, Charlotte, Maria, Lucy. 

Josiah m. Sarah Tobey; children: Clara, Edward, 
William, Linnie. 

Edward m. Cora Bacheller. 

William m. . 

Laura Harris m. N. Page Pattangall; children: Lucy 
unmarried, Frances, Eliza, Katharine, Nathan P., d. un- 
married; Mary, Druzilla, Susan, Charlotte, Laura P. 

Eliza P., m. Frank C. Lyon; one child, Laura P. 

Cynthia Foster m. Stephen T. Harris; children: William, 
Sarah, Benjamin F., Stephen T. drowned at Columbia 
Falls, aged 23 ; Cynthia, Charles, Betsey, Leonard. 

William Harris m. Lucinda Hanscom ; 2nd. Mary Hans- 
com; children: Kate, William. 

Sarah Harris m. Wm. T. Hanscom; children: Lyman K., 
James A. 

Benj. F. Harris m. Elizabeth Hanscom; children: Ida, 
Fred O., Lucy, Hattie died young, Benjamin, Lizzie, 
Warren, Loring and Stephen T. died young. 

Charles Harris m. Clara Bryant ; children : Elmer d. 
young, Arthur, Charles, Nathan. 

Betsey Harris m. Sylvanus Dwelley. 

Leonard m. . 

Stephen T. m. widow Joel Foster; no children. 



GEN1 VLOGY. 



418 




Rev. Edgar L. Foster. 



GENEALOGY. 41'.t 

Jeremiah Foster m. Lucy Harris', children: Thomns d. 
young, Gillian V., Orville d. young, Betsey d. unmarried, 

Martha. 

(inlian in. Alice Beverly; one child, Herman. 

.Martha in. John 0. Caldwell: children : Charles, Harriet, 
1 1 any. 

Harriet in. Henry S. Murchie of Calais; children: Ralph 
D., Harris F. 

Gen. Caldwell's home, when in the U. S. is at Topeka, 
Kansas; has been U. S. Consul at Costa Rica. 0. A., since 
Aug. l s '.)7. The oldest son Charles is with his father. 
Harry is Ass't passenger agent for the Santa Fe Railroad 
Co., in Coahiula, Old Mexico. Mrs. Caldwell resides with 
her daughter; she recently returned from Central America. 

Paul Foster in. Betsey Webber; children: Martha. 
James . Nathan \\\. Eliza, Joel, Hiram d unmarried 

Martha m. Titus P. Folsom; one child. Paul F., who m. 
Maria Brown; one child. Martha, m. Everett Cutter 

Paul in. 2nd Helen Livermore; children: Sarah, Jennie, 
Mary (_)., George, Paul. Eva. Grosvenor, 

Jennie Folsom m Harry S. Bray ton. 

Mary Folsom in — , George m. — , Paul 

in. . 

.Martha F. Folsom m. 2nd Henry S. Chase; no children 

James Foster in. Hannah Hanscom; children: Sarah. 
Martha. Deborah. Susan, Hiram d. young, Albert, 
Nathaniel. Hannah. 

Sarah Foster m. Chandler Reiver: children: Ernes! d 
young, Bertie, Rupert. 

Bertie m. Albert Mitten: one child, Ina 

Martha Foster m. Rev James Rogers; children: Charles. 
Talbot, Albert. 

Deborah Foster m. David E. Strong; children: Su an. 
Rachel, Foster, Manila, Deborah, Herbert, Laura in. 
: Herbert m — . 

Susan Foster m, Roberl Wright; children: Albert, 
Susan. 

Albert Foster in. Joan Locke; children: ('lark an- 



420 HISTORY OF MACHIAS 

married, Laura, Clara, Nathaniel; Albert m. 2nd Ruth 
Elliot; children: Hiram, Jerome, Mary Fern, Loyd. 

Laura Foster m. Alvin Bray ; no issue. 

Clara Foster m. Thomas Colpitt; children: Marion. 
Clark. 

Nathaniel Foster m. Mary A. Shields; children: Zjlla 
d. in infancy; Myrtle, Laurel, Edna, Nellie, Arthur, 
Margaret, Robert, Alice, Pearl, Ralph, Nathaniel, two last 
died young. 

Ellen Foster in. Alexander McRea; children: Laura, 
Frank, Fannie, Lena, Howe, Fred, one other died in in- 
fancy. 

Laura McRea m. -Carlisle; children's names not re- 
ported. 

Frank McRea m. Olive Manning; one child, Aubrey. 

Lena McRea m. Ward. 

Hannah Foster m. Wm. Cleveland; children: Mabel, 
Everett, Grace. 

Everett m. Annie MacDonald. 

N. Webber Foster m. Mehitable, daughter of Samuel, son 
of Col. Benj. Foster; 2nd Hannah Ellis; children: Samuel, 
Lemuel d. unmarried, Mary M., Isabelle. 

Samuel m. Jane Lambert, no issue. 

Mary m. Loring L. Keith ; one child, Amy, died in in- 
fancy. 

Isabel m. Geo. E. Maloon ; children: Mary R., Howard, 
Carolyn, Minerva. 

Mary m. Andrew Lopez; children: Amy, Isabel. 

Minerva m. George E. Simpson, M. D. 

Nathan W. m. 3d Sophia Harding; children: James W., 
Sophia B. drowned; Clara. 

James W. Foster m. Eunice Doyle ; one child, Emma. 

Clara Foster m. Geo. W. Hooper; no children. 

Joel Foster m. Olivia Tobin ; children : John, Olivia, 
William, Charles, Eliza, Emeline, Henry. 

John Foster in. Maria Pulsifer; children: William, 
Whitman, Eliza A., m. David Floyd, no issue. 

Olivia m. Andrew Kinney ; no issue. 



GENEALOGY. 4^1 

Win. Foster m. Annie Smith ; children: William, Frank, 
( lharles m. . 

Emeline Poster m. David Connor; no children. 

Henry m. Alice Stuart: one child. Helen. 2nd 111. 
Margaret Ross; children: Earl, Melviu. Olive. 

Joel Poster m. Mary, daughter of Jabez West: children: 
Stephen d young. Joel, Ezekiel, Stephen C, Doctor; 
Rebecca in. Alfred Poster, great grand son of Col. Benjamin. 

Ruth Foster m. Nathan Hanscom; children: Susanna, 
Fannie, John, Joel, Rebecca. Sarah, William. 

Rebecca in. Joel Seavey. Sarah in. Hiram Nason. 

Elias Foster of Woodin in Mary Goode; children: 

Rebecca, Sarah. Woodin. Mary. .lane. Ezra, Lewis. 2nd 

m. Lucy Dorinan; children: .Mary. Gilbert D. Leonard 

C. Willard W.. F Burton. S. Harris. Almira, A. Loring. / 

Sarah m. R. Pagan Bueknam. Jane in. Geo. W Blake, 

v. 
Man in. Jacob Day. 

E. Burton in. Mary, daughter of John Noyes; children: 
George H. Lucy. Eugene C. 

Geo. H. m. Sarah B. Penned: children: ( 'orris, Gertrude. 

('orris in. Llewellyn McGouldrick ; children : Philip. Paul, 
twins. Harris. 

Lucy iii- Joseph Crandon ; children : George. L. Brown, 
Ella, Mary. 

Ella in. George Gardner; one child, Mary. 

Eugene Foster m Mary E. Pennell; children: Ernest. 
Lewis 

S. 1 [arris Foster d. in ( 'al. at 31. 

Almira Foster m. Albion Wellington; children: Arthur, % 
Frank. A lice live on Pacific coast. 

A. Loring m. Lydia Wilson; children: Herbert m. 
Elizabeth Elliot; children: David W., Lydia, Abraham. 

Sarah: Sarah. David d. young. Herbert lbesin Liverpool, 

England. 

James Foster m. Lucy Gooch ; children : Charles. Louisa 
(I. young, Elizabeth, do ; Louisa, Olive d. young ; Frances U. 

James Foster m. 2nd Mrs. Hannah Simpson; no issue. 

Charles Foster m. Lavinia Chase, grand daughter of Capt. 



422 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Eph'm. Chase; children: James, Warren, Lucy, all three 
d. unmarried Laura J. Kellar Frederic A. 

Laura m. Geo. R. Orandon ; children : Sophia, Charles 
F. Henry D. d. young. 

Charles m. Ulva M. Feeney. 

J. Kellar m. Augusta Whittemore ; children : Lucy, Emma. 

Lucy m. . 

Frederic A. m. Abbie Weston ; children: Mabel. Paul; 
Frederic m. 2nd . 

Louisa Foster m. Simeon, son of Wm. the son of Ephraim 
Chase; children: J. Loring, Olive, Helen. 

J. Loring m. Amanda Ennis; children: Elizabeth, 
Frederic, James and Jennie, twins, Charles. 

Elizabeth Chase m. Charles A. Cray; children: Lucy, 
Olive d. young, Fred A. 

Frederic Chase m Carrie Ryan; one child, Bessie. 

James Chase m. Agnes Jasper. 

Olive Chase in. James O Pope, of Col. Wm. Pope: 
children: John A., Warren F., Helen d. young, Macy S. 

Warren m. Kittie Stuart children: Morrill, Helen d. 
young, Winona, dames. Ralph. 

Helen Chase m. Thomas M. Sanborn: children: Emily. 
Lucy, Arthur, Susan. 

Arthur Sanborn m. Julia M. Wiswell. 

Ann Foster m. Josiah P. Kellar; one child, Lucy. 

Lucy m. Ambrose Brown; one child, Susan. 

Susan m. Bartlett Stuart ; children: Bertha, Paul. 

Lucy K.Brown m. Daniel F. Gardner. 

J. Foster Kellar in. Julia Chaloner; children : Ann : e, 
Mabel. 

Frances U. Foster m. David Brown; children: Jesse, 
David, Fannie. 

David m. Ida Pearl; children: Charles d young, Henry 
P., David m. 2nd -' -. 

Frances C. Brown m. John Calligan. 

Frances U. m. 2nd James Dwelley. 

Sarah of Elias m. Peggin Bucknam ; children: Louise, 
Henry, both died young. 



GENEALOGY. 423 

Wo,, din of Eliaa m. Amy Munson ohildren: Sarah, 
Eliza. Olive, Ambrose, Albert, Amy. 
Jane of Elias m. George Blake; children: Sarah. Buok- 

liaill. Isaliel. ( icorge. 

Ezra of Elias m. Sarah Munson; ohildren: Andrew, 
Stephen. Lewis. I). Franklin. Uriah. 

Lewis of Elias m. Julia Pineo; ohildren: Caroline m. 
AKah llewe\ ; she d. shortly after marriage, Julia. 

Cyrus m. Margarel Burnham; one child. Charles. 

.' ulia m. Alvin (i. Crocker; ohildren: Everett. Frank, 
Elizabeth, George, Fannie. Ellen. 

Everett m. Martha Therin ; one child, Edna. 

Frank m. Lucy Crane; children: Julia. David. Frank 
studied medicine; practiced his profession in Roothbay, 
Machias and Gardiner; died in Gardiner, dune. 1903. 

Elizabeth m. Frank Glessner; children: Agnes. Alvin. 

George m. Mary Averill one child, Lewis. 

Fannie m. Fred Willey children: John, Paul, Florence, 
Elizabeth. Reside in Gardiner. 

Ellen m. ( ieo. .Martin ; no children. 

Elias Foster m. 2nd Lucy Dorman; children: Mary, 
Gilbert, Leonard. Willard \\\. E. Burton. Stephen Harris, 
Almira. A. Loring. 

Man of Flias in. Jacob Day. children: Julia. Elias, 
Gilbert, Lewis. Willard, Albion, Frank. 

Elias m. Joanna Stanohfield ; children: Hiram, Herbert, 
Sheldon. Mauley. Mary. 

Biram m. Mary McRea; one ohild, Ada. Herbert in. 
Rebecca McRea, Sheldon m. Ada Foster, Mary unmarried. 

Lewis of Mary and Jacob in. Mary Flsinore; live in 
( California. 

Willard m. Guptill; children: Corrin, Orrin, 

1 b irace. 

Willard W. of Elias m. Margaret Bridgham; children: 
Louise, Eorace, Frank, Martha. Parris, m. 2nd Mrs. 
Elizabeth Huckins. 

Louise in. Augustus Babcock; no children. 

Frank m. Etta I ihaloner; qo ohildren. 



424 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Martha m. Gilbert Day; children: Alice, Harriet. 

Isaiah Foster, brother of Benjamin and Woodin, came to 
Machias in 1766, but remained but a few years the whole 
family removed from the town before the Revolution. 

Isaiah m. Lydia Fogg; children : Hannah, Ezekiel, Wilmot, 
Daniel, Mary, Dorothy, Sarah, Keziah, Lydia, Isaiah, 
Benjamin. 

Hannah m. N. Webber Foster; children: S. Calvin, L. 
Carver 

Mary m. L. L. Keith, Isabella m. Edwin Maloon. 

Rev. Edgar L. Foster, born in East Machias, Maine, 
August 7th 1838. Son of Cyrus W. and Sallie T. Foster. 
He received his early education in the common schools and 
at Washington Academy, East Machias, and graduated as A. 
B. at Amherst College in 1864. He was assistant in Wash- 
ington Academy, Principal of Bytield, Mass. Academy, a 
graduate of Bangor Theological Seminary, June, 1867. 
Beginning of Pastorate in Milltown, N B., Sept '67. 
After five years ministery to this church he. died Nov. 16th, 
1872. Mr. Foster m. August 20, 1867, Mary Boyden of 
Chicago, 111. 



FARNSWORTH. 

Jonas Farnsworth m. Sarah Delap; 2nd Peggy Lewis: 
children: Catharine m. Simeon Foster; children: Ben- 
jamin F., Albert, Edwin, Theodore, Henry, J. O L., the 
latter a lawyer in Thomaston, 

Sarah m. Geo. Stillman Smith; children: Win. Bartlett, 
Geo. Stillman, Jr., Thomas Dela]). 



FLYNN. 

William Flynn m. Abagail Crocker; children: Geo. W., 
Abagail, Horace W. 

Geo. W. m. Mary J. Longfellow ; one child, Ella J., m. 



GENEALOGY. 425 

Albert Crowell; ohildren: Miriam, Mildred. Live in 
Baverhill, Mass. 

Geo. W. in. 2nd Thirza J. I tetchell. 

Abagail m. Arthur Nash one child, Emma 

Maw A. not married. 

Horace W. of Wm Plynn m. Abbie Tracy; in. 2nd Dora 
Getchell. 

Emma of Abagai] in. Arthur Hutchinson; one child, 
Emma. 



FOSS. 

Benjamin Foss first comer to Machias, m. Sarah Getchell; 
in. 2nd. Hannah Miller; children: Sally. Mary, Benjamin, 
Joseph, Eunice, Dorcas, Israel. Win., Dennis, Mehi table, 
Hannah. Edward, Fanny, Margaret, Betsey, Stephen, 
Louisa. Luther Aden. 

Sally in JBenj. Blyther; children: Thomas. Benjamin. 
Win.. Polly, Hannah, Sarah. 

Mary in. Noah Mitchell, moved to Scarboro. 

Benjamin m. Anna Miller; children: Jane, Deborah, 
Samuel, George, Wm., James. Eliza, Francis, Salome. 

Joseph in. Ruth Fogg; children: Keziah, Sally, Lydia, 
A bagail, Joseph, Rufus. 

Eunice in. London Atus; children: Betsey, Louisa, 
George, Patience, Eunice, John, Moses, Susanna, Nathaniel, 
Sophronia. 

Dorcas in. Edward Clark; m. 2nd. Charles Smith. 

Israel in. Betsey Connors; children: Charles, Betsey. 
Mary. James, John, Albert, Lucius. Caroline. Lucy, Henry. 

Wm. in. Lydia Plynn; ohildren: Rebeoca, William, 

Lucy, RutUS, ( J-eO., Nancy. 

Dennis m. Lydia Hall; children: Mercy. Thomas, John. 
David, Lewis. Sarah. Levi, Jaoob, Isaac. 

Mehitable m. Robert West. 

Hannah in. Aiid)\ Nash. 

Edward m. Caroline Bowers; children: Mary. George, 
Caroline, Lavina, John W., Lizzie. Samuel, Charles F. 



426 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Fannie m. John Roberts; children : Hannah, Margaret, 
Win. j Hiram, Silas, Josiah, Mehitable, Hepzibah, Eliza. 

Betsey m. Frank Smith; children: Marjory, David, 
Benjamin, James. 

Stephen m. Eleanor Barney. 

Louisa m. James Foss; children: Wm. A., Hannah, 
Lydia, Jacob L. James, Laura, Tahphenas, Margaret. 

Charles- Foss m. Mary C. Bowers, April 20, 1827 ; 
children: Amanda, Charles, Mary. Amanda d. young. 
Charles m. Eliza A. Foss. 

Mary d. unmarried. 

Mary of Charles d. 1831; m. 2nd. Sarah Davis; children: 
Amanda, Melvina, John Q. A. Israel P., Emery C, James, 
Louisiana B., Franklin, Joseph, Izora. 

Charles d. 1868, at 34 years. 

Melvina m. John G. Richards, she d. in 1884. 

Israel P. m. Aphia Knight; children: Linnie, Edgar, 
Bertha, Eva, Amelia, Merton. Aphia d. 1876. Israel m. 
2nd. Leoniece H. Kilton children: Virgil, Ernest, Clifford, 
Edith, Mildred. 

Emery m. Phebe J. Bryant children : Albert, Almeda, 
Willis, Alton, Mabel, Evalena, Thomas. James d. un- 
married. 

Louisiana B. m. Lewis Hall. 

Franklin d. 1864. 

Joeseph W. m. Sarah Johnson children: Darrell, Chester, 
Perley, Cleveland. 

Izora m. Edgar Knight, 



GARDNER. 

The first settler in Machias of this name was Ebenezer 
Gardner; he m. Susanna Merrill, Haverhill, Mass. ; children: 
Susanna. Eunice. Hannah, Eben, these were born in N. S. 
The following were born in Machias : Samuel. Thomas. 
John, William, Nathan. 

Susanna m. Aaron Sevey two children, both died young. 
She m. 2nd. Marshall Thaxter children: Gridley, Lucy, 



GENEALOGY. 427 

Sarah, Ezekiel, A.bagail, Mary, Susan. Eunice, Marshall. 
William. 

Gtridley in. Hannah Longfellow in L823; children: 
Harriet. Celia A.. Eliza VV., Cyrus m. Mary Jameson, 

children: Lucinda. Charles. Frank. 

Geo. W. m. Clara Palmer, one child, Helen. 

[saao Thaxter m. Martha E. Davis. Sarah S. Margaret 
H. in. ( )liver Hopkins. 

Marshall in. Mary 0. Davis. 

Susan m dames E. Fullerton, live in Minnesota a son 
died in infancy. 

Lucy in. John Stuart children: John A., Henry and 
eight others all of whom died young. 

Sarah in. Daniel Savage L821, d. in 1831 ; children : John 
K.. Edward, Harriet. Daniel. 

Ezekiel in. Caroline L. Jones, seventh in descent from 
John and Prisoilla Alden; children: Benj. R. J., Charles., 
William. Caroline, Amelia R., Sophia, James O. died in 
infancy. Lucy S., Edgar W.. Julia H. unmarried. 

Benjamin R. J. m. Eleanor Cornier, Minneapolis; 
children: Amelia. Bessie, Mary. Alice. Edna C, Charlotte 
E . Julia E. 

Win. A. Thaxter m. Sarah Thompson, (set; Thaxter;) 
children: Caroline, in. Fred S. Dodge. 

Abagail, daughter of Susanna in. Rev. Oilman Bacheller, 
many years Pastor of the Cong. Church, Machiasport; 
children: Marshall, Lydia, May. Grilman, Thomas. Sarah, 
do's.. ( reorge. 

Susai' of Susanna m. Dr. Niran Hates, lived at E. 
Machias; children: Caroline m. J. Paysou Moore. Oakland, 
Cal; Frederic. John, Arlo, Clara. 

John Bates m. Mary E. Burnham children: Emily, 
Susan. Alice. ( ieorge. Xiran. Mary lv. John, Ellen. 

Arlo Bates in. Harriet L. Vose of Brunswick; she died in 
1886; one child. ( >rie. 

Eunice of Susanna m. James Pope, a resident of Machias 

and Whitney ville ; children : James O. died at J."> years; 
Charles 11.. F. died young; Julia II.. Charles II.. Sara. 



428 HISTORY OF MACHIAS 

Wm., H., Lucy E., Herbert L., Edgar M. Julia, Sara, 
Wm., Herbert, Edgar, all died young. 

Charles H. m. Elizabeth L., daughter of Niran Bates by 
his tirst wife, Charlotte Lamson, Exeter, N. H. Charles, a 
minister of the Cong, order, author and genealogist, has 
visited Europe in the interest of other family history than 
his own; resides at Cambridge, Mass; one child, Niran B. 

Lucy of Eunice m. Joseph A. Bac heller, son of the 
clergyman; children: James P., Estelle m. Robert 
Durant, Camden, N. Y. : Raymond, Gilman, Charles H., 
Susan T., George E. 

William of Susanna m. Eizabeth Hale 2nd. Sarah Hill 
one child, Frank W. 

Hannah of Ebenezer Gardner m. Daniel Foster, son of 
the Colonel no children. Daniel was a lumberman and 
farmer; built the house in 1800 for many years occupied by 
Daniel F. Gardner. 

Ebenezer Gardner, son of Ebenezer m. Sally Albee; 
children : Susan, Thomas, James, Ebenezer, Thaxter, 
Lucinda, Lydia, Henry, Raymond, Cyrus. Julia. 

Edwin m. Helen A. Cotton, Wisconsin; he died in 1853 

Susan of Ebenezer m. Cyrus Sanborn; children: Charles 
m. Amy Bowen; Earle, Eleanor, Mylita. 

Mary of Susan m. Chas. H. Talbot, brother of Frederic 
children: Andrew P., m. Alice Burton one child, Andrew 
B. Wm S., Hattie E., Susan, Cyrus, Susan L. Sarah A., 
m. John K. Ames; children: Edwin G. , m. Maude Walker; 

Anna M. m. Fred Peavy. 

Julia P. m. R. Clinton Fuller; children: 

Margaret A., Harriet A., R. Clinton. 
Frank S., Alfred K, Lucy T. 

Alfred K. in. Nellie E. Hill of Calais. 

Susan m. Frederic Talbot ; 2nd. wife ; children : Maria, 
Emily d. young. 

Thomas m. Helen Chase; children: Emily, Lucy, 
Arthur, Susan L. 

Caroline L. Frank, hotel proprietor, E. Machias m. 



Gl NEALOGY. 429 

Elizabeth Brown; children: Cyrus, Edward T., Sarah 
Ami'-. - : i ise] li ' '.. Prank. 

James Gardner, son of Ebenezer in. Almira Kilton; m. 
2nd, Mary Bowman; child en: Almira in. Charles Morris, 
Philadelphia; children: Chas. E., James E., Lottie E., 
Win. Jamjs T. m. Marj titer of Alfred Gardner. 

James was in the Civil V ar; children: Almira R. m. 
Loring A. Holmes; children: Edna, Thomas S., Nellie E., 
Emma, Cora, U. Grant, trader in Cherryfield; [ra N. 
Augusta m. Stillman Coffin, Jonesport; children: Flora, 
Fred, am s, Ina. Emma, born in L844 d. in 1852. 

Children of James A. and Mary ii. Gardner: Antoinette 
d. al 19, fsaac E. m. Eliza Wilber-, children: Antoinette 
in. Eben Gooch ; Ada, Herbert, Mary. Bowman; Sophia d. 
ai I Clarence T. m. Emma L. Barnard; children: Lois 
E., Ri \ I-'.. I terberi d. at 15 yea 

tezer Gardner, son of the firsl Ebenezer m. Hannah 
C. Wilder of Denny sville; he moved to Dennysville, 18IU 
d. in Milford, Mass. Oct., L889, blacksmith; children: 
Deborah R., -lames F.. Lyman l\\. Sara A., Emma A. 

borah m. Benj. Lincoln: children: Sarah. William 
m. Mariam Roberts, Orland; children: Ruth. Helen, 
1 lannah. B 'iijainin. 

Theodore m. Laura M. Harris: one child, Harriet. 
annah of Benjamin m. Ste] hen T. Whittier. 

.1. Frederic Gardner m. Maria E. Lincoln; 2nd. Mary E., 
iter of Wm. Cooper. J. Frederic was ;i soldier in the 
Civil War; children : Maria, 1 tarriet. 

Lyman K. Gardner m. Mary K. Hobart; children: 
Winifred d. at 1 years; Willard, Edgar, m. Carlotta F. 
I abel C. m Edwin L. Kelly, one child. Edwin 

I . is. 1 1 '1 icrt W 

Sarah A. daughter of Ebenezer m. Thomas C. Eastman; 
children: Louise II.. Grace Wilder, Edwin A., Charles T.. 
( rocker W., Mary ( lushing. 

Emma Albee, an adopted daughter, m. Albert 0. Mc- 
1 hlin; one child. Mabel, an adopted daughter. 



430 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Thaxter, son of Ebenezer m. Joanna West ; no childre 11 : 
Emma Albee, adopted daughter d. at ten years. 

Lucinda Gardner m. Samuel Starrett; one child, died 
young; m. 2nd. Stephen H. West. 

Henry A. of Ebenezer m. Sarah G. Brown ; children : 
Henry E. was in the Civil War, taken prisoner at Fair Oaks, 
died in prison at Richmond, Va., 1862. 

Mary J. m. Frank Albee; children: H. Everett, Ada; 
Lucinda Eben, Abby, Edwin, Susan, Lizzie m. Oliver H. 
Seavy ; children : Florence, Bertha. Herbert: Charles. 

Aaron L. R. Gardner of Ebenezer m. Abbie W. Reynolds; 
children: Julia Raymond, George R., Edwin. R. Charles 
O., Eva M.. Fred Lee. 

Geo. R. m. Annie E. Robbins, lawyer, Judge of Probate, 
Washington Co. 

Edwin R. m. Ada S. Allen: children: Ralph A., Edwin, 
Abbie S., Lucy W., Maxwell R., Agnes H. 

Charles O. m. Sophia A. Corthell: children: Carroll C, 
Mary L., Ethel Raymond. 

Fred L. m. Mary S. Philbrook ; children: Edith H.. 
Julia Raymond, Leigh P. 

Cyrus S. of Ebenezer m. Abbie S. Harmon; children: 
Andrew F., Elma H. Arthur A., Harry M. 

Samuel of Ebenezer m. Abagail daughter of Jonathan 
and Hannah Berry. Jonathan was a son of Westbrook 
Berry one of the first sixteen settlers. 

Samuel m. 2nd. Jane G. Getchell; 3d. Relief Wilson; 
children : Atkins, Mary, Nathan, Caroline, Lucius, 
Jonathan. Daniel F., Leonard, Rebecca, Ellen, Harriet, 
Samuel. 

Atkins m. Betsey Avery. 

Nathan m. Louisa Harmon one child, Angeline in. John 
Mallar. Caroline, Rebecca, Leonard not married. 

Harriet m. Lord in California. 

Mary Gardner of Samuel m. Hiram Harmon; 15 children: 
G. Wellington, Mary E., m. Daniel Longfellow Leonard m. 
Augustine Longfellow, Hiram W., Nathan G-, Abbie m. 



GENEALOGY. ' •"• * 

A. J. Longfellow; children: Lee W., George d. young, 
Edith. 

(i. I,. Harmon, Boldier in the Civil War m. Amelia. 
daughter of Hiram Gardner; one child, Ray E. m. Phebe 

Whitney, one child I )orris. 

I, aura S m. B. F. Longfellow, a Boldier in the Civil War; 
in. 2nd. John Partington. 

Frances m. Jr. mes Bean; children: Flizabeth, Herbert. 
Ernest, Hilon, Edward. Theodore P. d. in infancy. 

Sherlock in. Olive Berry; children: Fanny, Grace, 
Vinton. Watson d. at 15, Evelyn d. young. 

Daniel W. in. Mary, daughter of Alfred Gardner; m. 2nd. 
Mar; Barstcw; children: Charles, James. Hiram. 

('has. P. of ISamuel m. - — ; children: Roy, Abbie, 

Don. Harmon. 

Lucius Gardner of Samuel m. Lydia W. Albee; children-. 
Benj. F., Julia m. Stephen McDuffie, Manchester. N. H. 
m. 2nd Gilbert Farley, Goffstown, X. H. Leoniece B. d. 

at nine ; Charles H. m. Smith: m. 2nd. Mrs. Lorena 

Church, Blue Lake, Cal. ; children: Elmer E., Franklin 
H.. Dunbar d. at 10. Frederick d. at 4 

Emily L. m. Geo. H. Willowby, a jeweler in Franklin, 
Mass.. Fred W. m. Etta K. Owen, live at Milton. Mass. 

Daniel F, Gardner m. Elvira Elsmore. He moved to 
Puget Sound, engaged in lumbering, died there in 1890. 
His widow lives in Santa Cruz. Cal. Children: Lucy m. 
Putnam Yisher. Eliza m. Jamef H. .Morton. Adelaide in. 
James F Simpson. Lorenzo m. Eunice Ward well; Anson d. 
at '.', years. 

Ellen, daughter of Samuel m. James L Meserve; 

children: Edwin d. at 22 years. Emily d. in infancy. 

Fannie B. do. .Mr. Meserve was a millwright and lumber- 
man ; lived in ( Jherryfield. 

Thomas Gardner, son of Ebenezer m. Sarah Barry, Bister 
of Samuel's wife; children: Nathaniel, Deborah, Alfred. 

William. John. Sally. Hiram. '1 nomas d. young, Thomas 

M.. Daniel V.. Hannah m. J. W. Parker, live at Portland, 
Mc Miranda, Horace. 



432 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Nathaniel M. m.' Ruth Wescott; children: Win. M. d. 
at 5 years. Mary m. K. T. Crane. Win. T.. Amanda B., m. 
Clark Longfellow; children : Angelia L. m. Charles H. 
Strong, lawyer in New York; Frederick, also lawyer in N. Y. 

Julia of Nathaniel m. Edward Vinton ; m. 2nd Gustavus 
Barnes, reside at Whitman, Mass. ; Ben j. C. d. in infancy. 
Aiice m. Wm. Caswell, one child. Carroll. 

Deborah of Thomas m. Coffin, son of Stephen Smith: 
children: Harrison T. in. Rebecca Hanscom. Sarah d. at 
17 years. Augustine G. m. Nelson Babcoek; children: 
Flora E. d. at 9 years. Charles F.. Frank L.. m. Annie 
Nelson, Linnie D. m. Arno W. Seavy, Frederic. T. Jeffer- 
son, Geo., Deborah T. m. James White. Wm. C. Lenora 
H. m. Edward G. Fuller, live at Wellesley. Mass. 

Alfred Gardner of Thomas m. Mary Croeke~ ; children: 
Peter Flarris d. young; Henry Lyon d. in infancy. Jacob 
W. m. - — ; four children live in Eureka, Cal.. Mary, 

Olive C. died young. Delia: m. 2nd Hannah M. Foss; 
children: Millard F.. Lyman Beecher not m. lives in 
Seattle, Washington, Priscilla d. young.; m. 3d Lizzie M. 
Hanscom; children: Charles S. .Irene. Hiram W., Herbert 
M.. Horace, Alfred, James R. 

Mary E. of Alfred m. James T. of James A. Gardner; 
seven children: m 2nd Daniel W. Harmon: children: 
Charles W., -Tames L. 

Delia Gardner of Alfred m. Morton D. Harmon: children: 

lna H.. Aliee. Eita M.. Kellar F.. Ernest M., Eben G., 
Roderick. 

Millard F. of Alfred m. .Mary E. Allen of Calais, reside 
in Petrolia. California: children: Edna G.. Edward G., 
Millard G, Lester G.. Forest A.. Elmer C. 

Charles S. Gardner m. Clara E. Barry; children: Rena 
N.. Willis A.. Gerald R., Merrill T. 

Hiram W. of Alfred m. Dell Hildreht. Derby, Vt. : en- 
gaged in the marble business. 

Herbert M. m. Josephine R. Hasty: children: Louise 
E.. Florence M. 



G1 Nl VI OGY. 4S3 

Horace T. Gardner in. Mable Dennison; children: 
Harold (i.. Paul. 

John Gardner of Thomas m. Rebecca Berry, widow of 
Stephen; one child, Alonzo, in. Lottie E. Small, live in 
California. John and Rebecca adopted Celia Brown. 

Sally of Thomas m. Benj. G. ( haloner; children: R. 
Thomas in. Annie Sanford; Lucy li. died unmarried. Sarah 
A. in. Lothrop; children: Flora. Ella. II. Antoinette 

ofThomasm. F. B. Wiswell; children: Rev. Thomas C. 
in. Bessie L. Doyle, live at Seattle. Wash.. Harry S. d. at 
20 years, Julia M., Bovey M., Emma m. Edward Harden, 
M. D., Boston; children: .Maurice. Walter. Lillian. 

Samuel B. of Thomas m. 1 1 at tie , Hotel keeper in 

California. 

Ilirain of Thomas in. Rebecca Crocker children: Amelia 
in. (J. L. Harmon; one child. Ray in. Phebe Whitney: 
children ! Dorris, Edwin. 

Viola died unmarried; George E. died at 19 years, Morey, 
merchant at Machias, m. Susan N. Lynch; children: 
.Minn:,' E., Geo. N. m. Ella Crandon ; one child, Mary C. 
Phillips Brooks m. Laura L. Lucey. 

Emma, Addie, Angelia d. unmarried. 

Thomas M. of Thomas in. Julia R. Gardner; no ohildren. 

Emily T. m Elbert E. Wiswell: one child, Carl G. 
Susan. Sarah, both d. young, Aurelia R., Susan T. d. at 11 
years, Barlan P. m. Lizzie A. Whittier; no ohildren: 
Florence m. Charles McReavy, Walter m. Emma K. Smally; 
children: Marguerite, Florence. Claire II 

Daniel F. of Thomas m. Sarah S. Lincoln; in.. 2nd Mrs. 
Lucy Kellar; children: Laura m. Herbert M. Heath. 
Augusta, Me.; children: Marion, Gardner, Herbert and 
Gertrude. Annie in. Charles L. Andrews; Charles d. young, 
Lucy d. at 1± Willie d. young, Linnie m. Orrin E. Tuell; 
one child. Sarah : Lincoln. 

Miranda of Thomas m. Warren Smith; children: Zelia 

m. Lorenzo M. Crawford; one child, .lames m. Adelaide 
Rogers; Wm. Ellis m. Ellen Stillwell, Windsor, N. Y. ; in. 
2nd Eugenia Bedford : ohildren : Fred 11. Mina (i.. Ada 



434 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

E., Florence E., Willis E., Nathan T. d. in Chicago, in 
1897. 

Ada G. m. Geo. S. Jacobs he d. at Seattle, Apri 15, 1889; 
children : Nathan, Maude. 

Horace T. of Thomas m. Delia Crocker; children: 
Albert, Ella, both d. in infancy; Wm. E., m. Harriet 
Crowley children : Angelia, Ethel ; Evelyn of Horace d. 
young. 

John Gardner of Ebenezer in. Susan Berry; children: 
Louisa A., Hannah F., George d. young, George, Stillman 
d. young, Susan, Charles d. young, Mary; John m. 2nd 
Mary Palmer; children : Sabrina A., Mercie A. Hem. 2nd 
Lavina F. Hoyt- children: John R., Laura H. d. young; 
John O. went to Kansas. 

Louisa A. daughter of John m. Ehsha A. Palmer; 
children: Augustus H., Laura E., Sophia L., Henry N., 
Emma P.. Mercie. 

Augustus H. m. Abbie M. Noyes children: Harwood, 
Everett, Annie, Herbert, Elden, Arthur, son d. in infancy, 
Laura, Arthur. Julia, Mary. 

Laura E. m. Simeon C. Foss: children: Carrie, Edith d. 
at 23 years, Maud, Grace. 

Sophia L. m. Benj. F. Taylor; children : Frank, Ernest 
d. young, Jas. H., Ernest, Lizzie. 

Henry d. young. Emma m. Benj. F. Taylor after death of 
Sophia, one child, Walter H. 

Mercie m. Horace S. Foss. 

Hannah F. Gardner of John m. George Sanborne m. 2nd 
Theudore S. Smith; one child, by Sanborne, George S. by 
Smith, Edwina F. m. Leander H. Crane, Mary H. m. 
Thomas, son of Rev. G. Bacheller. 

George 2nd of John Gardener m. Margaret Foster; 
children: Josephine m. - Traf ton ; Henrietta m. Geo. 
Loomis, live in New York. 

Mary Gardner of John m. T. S. Smith his 2nd wife; one 
child, Sarah m. Arthur Campbell. 

Sabrina daughter of John m. Benj. TenDey; children 



GENEALOGY. 



486 




Horace T. Gardner. 



GENEALOGY. 436 

Prank A.. George I. both d. young, Mary Eva m. Job. S. 
Bucknam, reside at Eastport; children : Harriet, Sunnier. 

Sabrina m. 2nd Winslow Hates, lawyer al Eastport. 

Mercie A. Gardner of John m. Barzella Dunning <>f 
Whitney ville ; children : Carrie E. .Man A . Wales A.. 
Daniel II.. Edith M., Winnifred; Carrie ami Winnifred d. 
young. Mary m. Arno Mareen; Wales and Daniel live in 
M inneapolis. 

William Gardner of Ebenezer m. Lydia Albee ohildren: 
Lydia, Samuel, Lucy, Charles S., Abagail T.. Ezekiel T., 

Harriet, Sarah. Mary E. Lucinda. 

Lydia in. Charles Tobey; children: Judith in. H. E. 
Plummer of Harrington ; Asenath, Geneva, Adeline, dames 

Samuel died at L4 years, Lucy m. dames II. Smith, at 
Northfield, Dak.: children: Win. (!.. Sarah M., live at 
Northtield, Dak ; Roger. 

(diaries d. at '2-\ years; Abagail in. dames Stuart. Machias- 
port, live there; ohildren: Helen. Prank 11. died young, 
(diaries, I. at 30, Ida May d. al 22, Frank d at 24. 

Ezekiel T. d. at 26 years. Harriet in. Harrison Albee; 
ohildren: Abbie, Annie. — , Lydia all died ; Frederic 

lives al Portland; Sarah unmarried. Mary. Lucinda both 
dead. 



GILLMOR. 

Arthur Hill Gillmor m. Mary Knighl of Englishman's 
River, L790 ; children : Hiram, born Feb I. 1791, Edward 
8.. Feb. 5, 1793; Tobias Burden, Aug. 6, L795. Hiram. 
Edward and Tobias were born in Machias, Tobias d. un- 
married. Mrs. Gillmore's father, Jonathan Knight, settled 
at Englishman's River, now the town of Roque Bluffs. Mr. 

Gillmor was engaged as scl I teaohei at the time of his 

marriage and for several years later in Maohias, in diffei 
districts als.i in the district of Englishman's River where he 
firsl became acquainted with Miss Knight, who became his 
wife. 



437 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Jonathan Knight was one of the first settlers at English- 
man's River. Jonathan's son Paul was a sea Captain. 
Paul was a brother of Mary, who became Mrs. Gillmor. 
Oapt. Panl Knight's house stood on Watts hill in the rear 
of Capt. Samuel Watts' house now standing; the cellar of 
Capt. Paul Knight's house is now to be seen. 

The late Capt Samuel Watts and Capt. Paul Knight were 
school boys of nearly same age. 1 have heard (apt. Watts 
relate some of the experiences of his boyhood, when attend- 
ing the school taught by the "Old Irish School master." 
Arthur H. Gillmor. 

Sometime about 1800, master Gillmor removed with his 
family to St. Stephen. N. B , also all of Jonathan Knight's 
family moved to the St. Croix about the same time, exeept. 
Capt. Paul Knight. 

The school house in which Mr. Gillmor kept school in 
Machias. is now standing the first built in the town: it is a 
part of the L or annex in the rear of the Donworth block on 
Main street. 

A. H. Gillmor was a native of Ireland coming to Machias 
in 1786. His first landing in New England was at Little 
Machias Bay in 1786, then considered a part of Machias. 
now in the town of Cutler. It was always understood that 
he, with other associates, was banished from his Ireland 
home for some political offense. This was a way Great 
Britain employed to be rid of real or fancied political 
offenders. The Captain of the vessel who brought the exiles 
to Machias had orders to land them in Virginia, but for some 
reason he landed in Maine. 

Mr. Gillmor's family numbered twelve children, besides 
the three before mentioned, whose births are on Machias 
record, nine were horn at St. Stephen or other Parish in N. 
B. ; viz. Daniel in. Pamelia Dowell, George m. Hannah 
Balch, Alfred m. Elizabeth Oliver, Arthur H. m. Joanna 
Hanscom, Wellington m. Eliza Smith. Elizabeth in. Geo. 
Christopher. Rosa m. Matthew McLean, Rebecca in. 
Matthew Hastings. Adoniram m. Mary Goss. 

Daniel Gillmor's sons, Arthur H.. Tobias. Kinsman. El- 



'.I \l \l I >l.\ . 



438 




Arthur Hii.l Gii m«»r. 



GENEALOGY. 439 

dorado; daughters, Mandana, Urania, Rebecca, Eliza. 
Mandana m. Ed. Russell, a lumber dealer, Urania m. Prank 
Bibbard, a politician. Rebecca m. Geo. Bill, afarmer, Eliza 
(I. unmarried. 

A. H. Gi'llmor 3d m. Bannab D.Hwes Bowe; ohildren: 
Daniel, Benry, Percy, Adelia. 

Daniel m. Catherine Duffey; children: Dawes, Arthur 
I!.. Daniel. Borace, .Mice Blanche. 

Henry in. Ella I'. Moran; children: Robert, Walter. 
Clive, Hairy. Borace, Kathleen. 

Percy in. Julia Kelly of Calais, Me.-, no children. 

Adelia in. Thomas Dick, M . D. ; one child, Winnifred. 

Tobias Gillmor m. Kli/.a Hill: children: Churchill, a 
railway manager, Fannie m. Frank Bibbard, one child, a 
laughter. 

Kinsman Gillmor in. Abbie Gillmor. 

Eldorado ( i illmor in. Rose ( iillinc r. 

Death of «Hon. Arthur Bill Gillmor, of the Canadian 
Senate frou Charlotte County, N. B. Deleft St. Stephen 
Monday, . pril 13, 1903, for Montreal, on his way to assume 
his legislative duties al Ottawa, and when near Mattawamkeag 
was found dead in his berth. Mr. Gillmor has been in 
I ablic life siuce 1854, and has represented Charlotte County 
both al Frederictou and in the Dominion Parliament. For 
twenty-two years Mr. Gillmor represented Charlotte al 
Ottawa. In 1896, when his partj came into power, he losl 
his scat. For some time he acted as commissioner to Paris 
exposition, and afterwards was appointed to the Senate. In 
his parliamentary life he took an active pari in the dis- 
cussions, and was particularly pronounced in his free trade 
views. Mentally and physically, Mr. Gillmor was a well 
preserved man of his age. Be was married in 1846 to Miss 
Hannah Bowe, who with one .daughter, Mrs. Thomas Dick. 

St. George, and with three BOnS, Daniel II., and Percy, 

living al Montreal and Dr Henry E., living al St. Martins. 
St. John County, survive him. Burial at St. George. He 
was 79 years of age. 
Mrs. Gillmor at seventy-eighl survives her husband. 



44© HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

She was a daughter of Simeon Howe, of Whiting, Me., her 
father being a descendant of Wm. Dawes, who shared with 
Paul Eevere the labors which Longfellow immortalized in 
verse. They lived together fifty-seven years. 

Mrs. Joanna'Gillmor, relict of the late Arthur Hill Gill 
mor, Sr., uncle of the late Hon. Senator Gillmor, of St. 
George, passed peacefully away at her home on the twentieth 
of August, 19U3. Mrs. Gillmor had reached the advanced 
age of nearly ninety years, twenty-four of which she had 
been a widow. She leaves seven children to ni' urn the loss 
of a kind mother, four boys and three girls, Hampden, 
Henry and Sidney, who reside at home, and Edward of New 
York state, Mrs. Chas. Ash, of Minneapolis, Mrs. Geo. 
Williamson, of Second Falls and Miss Minerva, who has 
always lived with her mother. 



GETCHELL. 

Joseph Getchell, born in 1/20 in Hull, England: his wife 
Mary Mitchell Brown also a native of England, came to the 
Province of Maine ; settled in Scarboro in 1749; children: 
Benj. b. July, 1751, Mary, June 1754, Joseph Jr . April, 
1757. Joseph Sr. and family came to Maehias in 1769 or 
'70; he died in Machias in 1815, at the age of 95. His 
children were born iu Scarboro. Joseph Getchell, Jr.. m. 
Sally Berry, Dec. 5, 1776: she born in Scarboro, Feb., 
1758; children: Westbrook, Abagail, Betsey, John, 
Marshall, Benjamin, Mary, Simeon, Jane, G. Washington. 
Geo. Stillman : he d. in Machias, March, 1837 ; she died 
Oct., 1842. 

Westbrook unmarried, Abagail m. John Berry, Betsey m. 
Japhet Harmon, John m. Bebecca Berry ; 2nd Jane Hadley ; 
3d. Remember Ellis ; Marshall, Mary Holmes : Benjamin, 
Abagail Longfellow ; Mary, James Brown ; Simeon, B^t&.ey 
Bowker; Jane, Sam. Gardner; G. Washington, Mary Berry; 
Geo. Stillman, Taphenas Longfellow. 

John Getchell, of Joseph, Jr., who was married three 
times; children: Marshfield, Thomas. 



GENEALOGY, 



441 



n : 




44 2 



HISTORY OF MM HIAS. 




D. C. Getchell 



GENEALOGY. 413 

Marshfield of John m. Martha J. Holmes; ohildren: 
Thirza, Osgood, Lysander, Deola C , (ieor^e, Dora, Nellie. 

Thirza m. Geo. W. Flynn; no ohildren. 

Osgood in. Libby Oars ; ohildren : Lewis, Grace, Harvey, 
Clinton. 

Lysander in. Lizzie Farnswonh, Jonesboro; children: 
Mattie, Noble; be m. 2nd Liltie Booth; ohildren: Byram, 
I leola, two more boys. 

Deola C. m. Ida Harmon; children: Maude d. young, 
Mina, Guy, Thomas, Mary. 

( i-eorge died at 20 years. 

Dora m Horace Flynn ; in. 2nd Thomas Dennison; no 
children : 

Nellie m. Win. Means ; children : Otis, Hattie, William. 
Elsie. 

Westbrook d. in Machias; Abagail, Betsey, Mary, .lane 
d. in E. Machias ; John, Simeon, Geo. S. d. in Marshfield: 
(ieo. Washington in California. 

Benj. of Joseph Getchell Sr.. m. Mehitable Meserve; 
ohildren: Samuel, Daniel, Jones. Mehitable, Susan, Polly, 
1 )a\ id. 

Simeon Getchell of Joseph, Jr. born May 1795. m. Betsey 
Bowker of Levi, b. Sept. 1797 ; children : Levi B., Willard, 
F Warren, Sarah, J. Randolph, Lucinda. Andrew MoK., 
Agne<i. 

Levi B. m. Julia A. Crocker: Willard. Susan Chase; F. 
Warren, Martha Hanscoin: Sarah, Win, P. Lyon; J. 
Randoph, Rebecca Holmes; Lucinda, Daniel S. Chase; 
Andrew, Emily . I. Bague; Agnes, Joshua D. Watts-. 2nd 

T. T. Merry. ' Levi died in Machias, Oct. L900. Willard d. 
in Michigan; also, Andrew; Sarah, in Marshfield. 

Daola C. Getohell is a representative in the fourth 
generation from Joseph Getchell, Si-., the soldier ami first 
l I tchell Bettler. 

At firsi Mi". Getohell was in company with his father, 

Marshfield Getohell m the grain trade, having a mill in 

Marshfield. Later he luiilt a mid at Machias, supplied with 

all the later facilities for handling grain, probably the besl 



444 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

equipped grist mill in the County. Mr. Getchell has a 
large business in grain and meal amounting from 40,000 to 
50,000 bushels annually. Geo. S. Getchell, son of Joseph 
Getchell, Jr., grandson of Joseph Sr., the first Getchell 
settler in Machias m. Taphenas Longfellow; children: 
Deborah, Ursula, Mary, Martin. Antoinette, Hannah, 
Horace W. , Margaret, Taphenas, Joseph, Laura, Sarah, 
Jacob. The three oldest and Taphenas deceased. 

Martin m. Olive Ireland ; children : Medora, Zella, 
Everett, Daisf d. young. 

Medora m. - - Rpse; m. 2nd Albert Porter; children: 
Iza and one other. 

Zella m. - - Morgan; one child, Nellie; in. 2nd Charles 
Lowrey. 

Antoinette of Geo. S. m. John D. Smith ; children : Ly- 
man, Walter, Florence, Jason. 

Walter m. Flora Clay ; children : Elden, Melvin. 

Jason m. : one child, John. 

Margaret of Geo. S. m. Eugene Smith: children: Lowell, 
John D., Phene, Cry us. 

Joseph of Geo. S. m. Pherlissa Smith; no children. 

Laura of Geo. S. m. Chaunces W. Foss; children: Ella, 
Edward, Nellie, Grace. 

Sarah of Geo. S. m. Archibald Howie; no children. 

Horace W. of Geo. S. m. Caroline Berry; children: Edna, 
Amanda, Evans, Lee, Dermont, Sabine, Berniece, Sherman, 
Annie. 

Amanda m. Geo. Gay; children: Nellie. Philip. 

Demont m. Amanda Holmes. 

Lee m. Lucinda Berry: children: Fred, Lee. 

Sabine m. Efhe M. Berry. 

Annie m. Geo. H. Ohnemus. 

Hannah of Geo. S. m. Enoch L. Hanscom ; children : 
Cynthia, Sabrina, Kitridge, Viola, Margaret, Edwina, Ora 
B., 1 ttlnneld, Emily. 

Cynthia m. Edward L. Marston; children: Alma died, 
Ira. 



i ;iv\l ILOGY. 



445 



Sabrjna m. Add] L. Foss; children: Roy, Ralph. 
Margaret in. Melvin II. Bridgham: Harry, Philip. 
Winfield in. Wilmena Reed one child, Estella. 
Emily m. Maurice Phipps one child, Celia. 



HARRIS. 

Josiah Harris, who came to Machiaa in 17^7 ai the age 
of 17 was born in Boston, youngesl son of Samuel and 
Sarah (More) Harris. Tic descended from John Harris of 
Charlestown. John m. Amy Hills, the daughter of Joseph 
Hill-. L653 or earlier, who afterwards moved to Yarmouth, 
He. where he was made captive by the Indians. Amy Hills' 
father was a woolen draper; her mother, Rose was a sister of 
Henry Dunster, the firsl President of Harvard College. 

Vfter remaining at Maehias one year Josiab Harris re- 
turned to Boston in 1788. In 1789 he came to .Maine. East 
Maehias, and was in the em p] \ of Edward II. and Nathanel 
J. Robbins of Robbinston, Me. Later he was in j artner- 
sldii with them in m ircantile busin sss, which lie cuntinued 
most of the time alone during his life. 

Josiah Harris m. Lucy Talbot, I7'.i7: ohildren: J. Pair 
banks, Stephen T., George, Lucy T., Sarah B.. Peter T., 

• 'V T.. Samuel. 

J. Fairbanks m. Drusilla W. Foster, children: Eliza, 
Josiah, Leonard. Laura, Charlotte. Maria, Lucy. 

Stephen T. m. Cynthia Poster, children: William. 
th, Benj. P., Stephen, Cynthia, Charles. Betsey, 

Leonard. 

Ste] hen T. in. '2nd Mrs. Joanna Chase. 

1 ■-••■ of .'osiah in. Lucy Chaloner, children: Lenora, 
Lucy: he in. 2nd. Mar,- \. Palmer, children: Harriet. 
Emma T., Ge< rge, Mary B. 

-. m. Jeremiah Foster, children: Thomas, Betsey, 

tha. < i ulian \'. 

Peter T of J isiah m. Deborah Longfellow, children: 
1 Austin, Herbert. 



446 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Samuel of Josiah m. Deborah Dickinson m. 2nd Mrs. 
Mary Skinner, New Haven, Conn, no children. 

Josiah of J. Fairbanks Harris m. Sarah Tobey, children : 

Clara F., Edward T., Wm. Page, Linnie. 

Laura of J. F. Harris m. N. Page Pattangall of Perry ; 
children: Lucy; Frances, Eliza, Katharine, Nathan F., 
Mary, Laura, Drusilla, Susan, Charlotte. 

William Harris of Stephen m. Lucinda Hanscom; he m. 
2nd Mary A. Hanscom; children: Kate, William. 

Sarah E. Harris m. Wm. Thomas Hanscom ; children : 
Lyman, Arno, Emma, Ernest, two died infants. 

Benj. F. of Stephen Harris m. Elizabeth Hanscom ; 
children: Ida, Fred O.-, Hattie, Lucy, Benj. F., Elizabeth, 
Warren J., Loring L., Stephen T., Ernest, James, Arno. 

Charles Harris of Stephen m. Clara Bryant; children: 
Elmer, Arthur, Charles, Chester. 

Betsey of Stephen m. Sylvanus Dwelley : children : Mary 
E., Bessie, Arthur. 

Leonard of Stephen m. Elizabeth Curran; one child, 
Mary. 

Lenora of Geo. Harris m. Edward H. Balkam of Robbins- 
ton; children: Mary, Hugh, Geo. H., John, Emma. 

George Harris, son of George m. Jennie Viall; one child, 
George. 

Gulian V. of Lucy m. Alice Beverley ; one child, Herman 
J. 

Austin Harris of Peter T. m. Emily F. Pope; children: 
Florence, Edna P., Mabel, Samuel P , Philip T., Emily. 

Edward T. of Josiah Harris m. Cora Batchelder, 
Whitneyville; one child, Bertha C. 

Wm. P., of Josiah m. Mary Worthley of Houlton; one 
child, Clinton P. 

Eliza of Laura Pattangall m. Frank C. Lyon; children: 
Laura P., Marion. 

Susan M. of Laura m. H. Merton Snow; no children. 

Charlotte of Laura m. Geo. L. Whitten ; children : Nathan, 
Mae, George. 



GEN1 K.LOGY. 



A4 




Samuel Harris, D. D. 

Was a graduate of Bowdoin Collegp, class of 1833; 
also from Andover Theological Seminary, iSj 1 *. Be- 
tween Bowdoin and Andover he was preceptor of Wash- 
ington Academy a short time. His lirst Parish was at 
Conway, Mass.; next Pittsfield, same State. From PitNlield 
he came to the Bangor T eobgical Seminary in iS54,where 
he remained several .years. In May, 1867, he was elected 
to the Presidency of Bowdoi", being the lifth in lme of 
Presiden s of the College After four years at Brunswick, 
he was called to Yale in New Havi'n, Conn., where he 
passed his remaming days. Dr. Harris many years sus- 
tained prominence among the most eminent theologians of 
his time. 



448 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




George Harris 

Son of George and Mary A (Palmer) Harris; born at 
East Machias, April I, 1844; prepared for colloge at Wash- 
ington Academy; graduated from Amherst College, 1866; 
from Andover Theological 'Seminary, 1869; pastor High 
Street Congregational Church, Auburn, Main", 1869-72; 
pastor Central Congregational Church, Providence, R. I., 
I872-83; professor of Christian Theology m Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary, 1883-99; president of the Seminary 1897- 

99; president of Amherst College, 1899 ; author of 

"Moral Evolution," 1896; "Inequality and Progress," 1897; 
editor of "Andover Review," 1884-93; preacher to Harvard 
University, 1 897-99. Degrees, D. D., Amherst, 1883; Har- 
vard, 1899; Yale, 1901; LL. D., Dartmouth, 1899 Mar- 
ried, Dec. 24, 1873, Jane Anthony Viall of Providence, R. I. 
Address, President George Harris, Amherst, Mass. 



GENEALOGY. 449 

Idn of Benjamin F. m. Charles M. Gray; children: 
Mary, Alice. 

Fred O. of Benj. P. Marcia Pettengill ; no children. 

Benj. F. dr.. m. Nettie Hammond; m. 2nd Jennie Field; 
children: Samuel, William. Loring, Josie, Elvira, 
Eliazbeth, Benj. F. 

Elizabeth of Benj. P., in. Fred B. Taylor; children: 
Leland, Edith, Harris. 

Warren of B. F. in. Emma A. Gates; no children. 

James of 15. F. in. Jennie Wilson; one child, Benjamin F. 

Arno, youngest of Benj. F. in. Mabel Church; children: 

Dorothy M.. Elizabeth <i. 

Mary of Lenora Balkam m. Wallace Broad; children: 
Maliel. Lucy, Katie. 

Hugh Balkam of Leonora in. Agnes Marshall; one child, 
|-]i I ward. 

Geo. H. Balkam of Leonora m. Joanna Wall; children: 
Leonora. Dorothy. 

Florence of Austin Harris in. Albion W. Hobson ; 
chi Idreti : Austin, Elsie. 



HILL. 

Valentine Hill came from a southern town in Old Eng- 
land id L630, '31. He settled in Boston, became a man of 
note: was voted by the inhabitants a free man of the town, 
May 13, L640; be was merchant, proprietor, town officer and 
I). 'aeon, also a principle owner in a large wharf property. 
Later he boughl land at Oyster River, now Dover, N. H., 
before 1649 and removed there with his family. Valentine 
was twice married; children of livst marriage were: 
Hannah, John, Elizabeth, Joseph, Benjamin, Of 2nd 
marriage: Joseph, John, Samuel, Mary. Elizabeth. 
Several of the first children died young. The youngest of 
his children was named Nathaniel and this one inherited 

his father's property at Oyster Bay. Nathaniel was a 
member of the Provincial Council. 



450 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Mary, daughter of Valentine m. Rev. John Bass at Oyster 
Bay. 

In 1696 it is recorded that Joseph Hill, grandson of 
Valentine (son of Joseph) bought land in Kittery, Maine, 
and moved to Kittery soon after Joseph Hill made his Will 
Jan. 30, 1713; he, Joseph son of Joseph died in 1754. 

Among the Pioneers of Machias, 1763 — 17(H) were six men 
named Hill. Japhet and Daniel were two of the first 
"Sixteen." It is quite conclusive that Samuel came later 
the same year. Obadiah came shortly after Samuel, the 
former was certainly in Machias in 17(H). Samuel while at 
work building a mill received injuries; went to Novia Scotia 
for medical aid and did nor return to Machias. Joseph Hill 
settled at the side of Gardner's Lake, now in the town uf 
Whiting. 

Abagail, sister of Obadiah m. Isaac Farnsworth at Scar- 
boro. 1769; Farnsworth hailing from Annapolis, N. S. 
After a short residence in N. S. they moved to Maine and 
settled in Jonesboro. One son William, remained at 
Annapolis. Their children in Jonesboro were: Ichabod, 
Isaac, Adariel, Amasa, Asa., Cyrus, also three daughters. 

Obadiah Hill. 4th from Valentine came to Machias, 
bought a house at the corner of Broadway and Main St., 
near where Dr. A din L. Smith now lives, originally 
occupied by Aaron Hanscom. Mr. Hill bought the place of 
Stephen Parker \v, May, 1772. It is claimed that this was 
the first framed house built in Machias. The buildings were 
taken down by Obadiah Jr., in 1S24 or '25. when he built 
the house now occupied by his grandson Sam'l W. Hill. 

Obadiah. Sr.. m. Sarah Harris at Annapolis, N. S., Oct.. 
1772: he d. May, 1786 at about 45 years. Children of 
Obadiah and Sarah Harris Hill, John b. 1773, he removed 
to Calis: m. - — , had one daughter who died before 

her father and he died at an early age. 

Samuel b. in 1777, left Machias when a boy, followed sea- 
faring life, becoming notable as ship master sailing out of 
Boston. Samuel m. Elizabeth Bray of Yarmouth, Mass. in 
L800: children: Frederic S., Charles L., Charlotte. 



GENEALOGY. 451 

Frederic m. Mary W. Blake; children: Frederic, Gertrude. 

Frederic Jr. m. ('aniline Tyson. 

Gertrude m. Dr. Lawrence M. Stanton; onechild, Dorris. 

Charles of Samuel d. in L880. 

Charlotte of Samuel m. Col. Chas. G. Greene, June, 
L804 ; children : Chas. G. Jr. died in France Nathaniel G. 
died in Brussels. Belgium. 

Charlotte m. James 8. Cumston ; children: Charles G., 
Jacob .M. 

Sarah of Obadiah Sr. in. Hiram Brooks of Calais; 
ohildren: Samuel. William, Alfred. 

Alfred in. Mary Carpenter; children: Sarah, Mary, 
George, Edward, Howard. 

Howard in. Dow; children: Charlotte, Joseph H., 

Abbie. 

Harriet of Sarah in. Joseph Lovering; children: Harriet, 
Abagail, Mary. Sarah. Gardner, Frederic, Joanna. El bridge. 

Josiah of Obadiah in. Lucy Keene of Columbia ; children: 
Josiah died in infancy Hiram in. Betsey T. Harris she died 
in 1 S -M. one child died young in. 2nd - Buckmore of 
Boston, two girls, one named [mogene. Hiram died at 
Boston. 

Sophia of Obadiah m. Stephen Brewer-, she died at Calais, 
Jan., 1876, aged 9] 7 children: Henry, Nancy. Sophia 
in. 2nd Henry Knight; no children. 

Nancy of Sophia m. Win. Spring; children: Sophia, H. 
Elizabeth died al 11, Stephen, Nancy, Frances H. 

Frances H. in. /Theodore Cutler. Areata, Cal. ; ohildren: 

Fred B.. Bessie. Family now living in Los Angeles. Cal. 

Win. Spring b. in Camden, Me. died in Areata. July, 
1885. 

Geo. W. of Nancy died in Alexander aged 11. 

O. Hill. 7th child of Nanoy m. Emma Stern; one child, 
Everett, m. Josephine Richart; one child. George P. 
( ). Hill in. 2nd. Lizzie E. Rice; shea native of Gillman, 
111. ; one child. < Irpha. 

Franklin of Nanoy died young. 

Obadiah Jr. Bon of Obadiah m. Sally Fierce Pope; 



4i>2 



HISTORY OF MACHIA3. 



children : Mary, Warren. Sarah, Lucy. Caroline, Samuel, 
John. Sophia. Mary died unmarried. Warren m. Maria 
B. Shaw. Gouldsboro., Me. children: Samuel, Walter. 
Sarah P., Edwin. 

Samuel m. Addie A. Holmes; children: Charles F. ? 
Carrie E., Jeanette. Warren M. 

Walter of Warren m. Burnett A. Stanley; children: 
Sophia, Stanley M., Arvilla A. 

Sarah P. m. Lewis J. Longfellow ; children : Emily M., 
Carrie M., James W. 

Edwin of Warren m. Mary A. Allen; children: Maud E., 
Wm. A., Edwin W., Maria M., Harry S. 

Sarah m. Wm. Thaxter. ; no children : she died at Iowa 
Falls, la., 1871. 
Lucy d. young. 

Caroline unmarried d. 1895; Samuel unmarried d. at Fair- 
bault, Minn., 1857. 

John m. Maria B. Mills; children: Charles H. m. 
Elizabeth Peterson one child : Nathan M. John's family 
live in Faribault, Minn. 

Sophia of Obadiah unmarried d. 1882. 

Obadiah m. 2nd Mrs. Phebe C. Nash of Columbia one 
child, Martha, m. Ezekiel Vose of Mac Idas. 

Sarah H. Hill m. 2d Josiah Hitchings. 1790, moved to 
Calais in 1810 one child, Wm. m. Lucretia Bond: children: 
John, Edward, Lydia A. Lydia m. John Veazie, St. 
Stephen, N. B. Lydia m. 2nd Samuel J. Watson, Bridgton, 
Me. children: Josiah H., Hannah K.. Sophia H , James. 
Josiah d. in California, Hannah m. John Hutton, Sophia m. 
Loring Townsend. James m. Mary Gregory; James and 
Mary had cue child, Julia, m. Chas. (1. Grant. 

Japhet Hill, one of the Sixteen, m. Hannah Knight: 
children: Samuel, Sarah, Mary. Nabby, Abner, Priseilla, 
Keziah, Hannah, Susan, Stephen, Elizabeth. All of 
Japhet's children except Sarah, Elizabeth and Nabby moved 
to the St. Croix at an early age; the father Japhet following 
later. Samuel settled at Bog Brook, Calais. 

Sarah of Japhet in. Benjamin Harmon; children: 



VI OGY. 



453 




Warren Hill. 



RF.N1 \LOGY 



4:. \ 



William. Japhet, Nathaniel Samuel, Henry. Stephen, 
Benjaimn, Hannah. Rebecca, Sally, Lydia, Betsey, Phebe. 

Win. in. Mary McAllister; children: Almira, Stephen, 
Man. 

Japhel in. Sarah Getchell; children: Hiram, ^.bagail, 
Nathaniel, Louisa. Marshall, Joseph, Henry, Abner, Silas. 
Hill. Sally. 

Nathaniel of Benj. m. Lydia McAllister; children: Win. 
George, Betsey, llaimali. 

Samuel in. Mercy Fisher; children: Lucinda, Mary, 
John V.. Sophia, S. Hill. 

Henry of Benjamin m. Small Berry; children: Emery, 
Sarah, Loring, Elmira, Leonora. 

Stephen K>i Benjamin m. Mi>s Butterfield, moved to 

A r< iost< ink. 

Benjamin m. Lovina Han com; children: Ellis died 
young. Andrew J., Hannah, Leverett, Laura. Mary. 
Lizzie 

llaimali m. Win. Albee; children: Sally. John C. 
Deborah, William. Benjamin, David, Lydia, Uriah, Nathan, 
Lucinda. 

Rebecca 111. dames Mean: children: Louisa, Benjamin. 
Lucy. Henry. 

Sally m. Aaron Seavy; children: Benjamin, Drucilla, 
Mary, George, Hiram. Jane. Abagail, Leonard; John, 
Loring, Sarah, Jabez. 
Lydia of Benj. m. Daniel Whittemore; children: 

William. Henry. Samuel. Andrew. Maria. Eben, Sarah. 

Betsey m. Sawyer, moved to Aroostook. 

Phebe m. John Sevej ; children : Henry. Susan. Hillard, 
.1 eph, Elijah, Ellis, Webber, Joanna. 

Hiram of Japhel m. Mary B. Gardner ; children : Geneva, 
Mary in. Daniel Longfellow, Leonard m. Augustine Long- 
fellow. (See ( tardm 

Abbie G. m. A. d. Longfellow; children: Lee W., 
George, Edith. 

(I. Lafayette Harmon m. Amelia Gardner, one child, Raj 
I-. 



455 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Laura of Hiram m. B. Frank Longfellow ; she m. 2nd. 
John Partington. G. L . Harmon 
and B. F. Longfellow were soldiers of the Civil War. 

Frances A. m. James Bean, children: Elizabeth, Herbert, 
Ernest, Hilon, Edward. 

Sherlock Harmon m. Olive Berry, children: Fanny. 
Grace, Vinton. 

D. Webster Harmon m. Mary Gardner; children: Charles, 
James : m. 2nd. Mary Barstow ; one child, Hiram F. 

Charles Harmon m. , children: Roy, Abbie, 

Don. 

Abagail of Japhet m. Thomas White; children: Japhet 
d. young: Julia m. Simon Hanscom : Mary m. Adam Boyd 
Augustus m. Melissa Ennis, Lucy m. James Dennison, 
James m. Deborah Smith, Thomas m. Fannie Cummings, 
Eliza in Elisha Blackmail, Henry m. Fannie Ennis, John 
m. Hannah Murphy. The seventh generation can be traced 
from Benj. Harmon, through Japhet and Japhet's de- 
scendants. 

Nathaniel 3d. child of Japhet m. Garrish; children: 

Andrew, Jabez, Abagail, Melissa, Frances, Caroline, Alice, 
Elizabeth, Ira. 

Louisa of Japhet m. — Gardner; m. 2nd Stillman 
Berry children: Betsey m. John Mallar; 2nd m. 

Rebecca m. Wm. Stride; Frank m. Foss; Jane m. 

Gilbert Smith. 

Marshall of Japhet m. Betsey Hanscom; m. 2nd Anna 
Hanscom; children : Adolphus, Betsey, John. 

Joseph of Japhet m. Pauline Berry ; children : Clementine, 
Gabriel, Simon, Frederick, Sanford, Seth. Antoinette, 
Helen. 

Henry of Japhet m. Mary Whittemore; children: Geo. 
('.. soldier of the Civil War, d. in 1862; Oscar, Morton. 
Martha, Lottie, Linnie, Abbie, Lorenzo. 

Oscar m. Armstrong; Morton m. Delia Gardner; 

m. 2nd Bryant. 

Linnie m. Freeman Berry. 

Abbie m. Sherman Gardner, died in California. 






456 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




Tohn F. Harmon. 



LLOGY 



457 



\ f > i l t • i • lit' Japhel in. Elsmore; qo further report. 

Silas of Japhel m. Getchell ; children : Georgianna, 

in. Winslow Berry, Sulu m. Guptill, Lizzie m. Orlando 

McBride, Battie m. Wm. Mallar; Odber, Fremont, Hill. 

Hill tif Japhel m. Clende nin; lives in Oakland, 

California. 

Sally of Japhel m. .)< >s»>| .h Smith, live in Marshfield; 
children: Edward d. in California, 1869; Leonard m. 
Rebecca Elwell, died in Marshfield; Fred in. Sulu Bansoom, 
live at \\ illniar. Minn. ; children. 

Alice of Joseph m. Frank Butler, live in Farmington, Mo. 

Samuel of Japhel lived in Machias and Marshfield. His 
daughter Lucinda, in. Geo. Crocker: children: Sophia, 
Delia. Geo. S., Georgianna, Anson. Frank, Jennie, Amanda, 
( Jyrus. 

Sophia in. J. Thomas Williamson; children: Mary D. 
in. Capt. A. L. Waterhouse ; children : Frances. Mary; m. 
2nd John T. Whitmore, 

Frances m. T. .\. Ryder, one child. Frank. 

Amanda of Lucinda m. C. W. Smith: one son. Walter, 
m. Lena Graves. 

Lucinda of Lucinda m. O. A. Case; two sons. Maurice. 
1 [i 11m an. 

•John of Sopha m. Bishop; children: Alfred. 

Sophia. 

Delia of Lucinda m. Horace T. Gardner ; one child : Win. 

Iv. in. Harriet Crowley; children: Angelia, Ethel 

George and Georgianna of Lucinda died young. 

Anson m. Ellen G. Estey ; no ohildren. 

Frank unmarried. 

.lunie in. Wm. H. Allen: m. 2nd. Alberto Longfellow. 

Amanda and Cyrus died in infancy. 

Mary of Samuel Harmon in. Samuel Silshy: in. 2nd C. 
1 1. Allen, lived in ( Sincinnati, < >. 

John F. of Samuel in. Mary Crocker: children: Fidelia. 

Sophia, Lauretta. Lorenzo, [da, Seymour died young. 
Fidelia m Wm. Albee, she died in California. 



458 HISTORY OB MACHrAS". 

Sophia m. - - Cunningham; one child. Mary ni. Pred 
\V. Bowker. 

Lauretta m. Magloir Maynard 

Ida m. Deola C. GetcheU children: Mina, Guy, Thomas, 
Mary. 

S. Hill, youngest, child of Samuel Harmon m. Mary 
Palmer. 

Andrew J., son of Benj. m. Martha Stuart children: 
Lavina, Drindar, Fred. Frank. 

Hannah of Benj. 2nd. m. Win. Albee children: Sally. 
Hannah. Julia Deborah, Webster, Angeline. 

Sally m. Daniel Huntley children: Wm., Amanda. 

Hannah m. Joseph Brown. 

Julia m. Daniel Page. 

Deborah in. Andrew Smith. 

Webster m Rose Maker; Angeline in. John Huntley. 

John C. Albee m. Hannah Guptill; m. 2nd m. Nancy A. 
Fulton; children : C. B. Albee, Win., Hannah, Deborah, 
Oscar, Laura, Leverett A., the latter a soldier of the Civil 
War. 

Abner.son of Japhet Hill m. Polly Whitney; children: 
George S., Joel, Abner Jr., Daniel, Clarissa, John. 
Horatio N. 

Mary m. John Bixby. 

Joel in. . 

Abner Jr., m, Elizabeth Whitney; children: Monroe, 
Clarissa, Duncan, Wesley, Horatio, Mary, Minerva. Ruby. 
Phebe, Geo. A., Willard;only the three last children are 
now living. 

Daniel of Abner m. Elmira Quimby; children: Francis- 
H., Albert Q., Frederick, Charles D., Edmund. 

Priscilla Hill of Japhet m. David Pineo; children: Eliza, 
Mary A.. John, David. Hannah H , Amelia. Stephen, June 
S. 

Keziah of Japhet Hill m. John McAllister-, children: 
Japhet, Daniel, Elizabeth, John, Wm., Stephen, George. 
Henry, Louisa, Harrison, Abner. 

Hannah Hill of Japhet m. Stephen Smith Jr. 



GENEALOGY. 459 

children: Deborah, Ellis, John, Otis. Thomas, Adeline, 
Turner, Nathan, George S., Mary, Coffin, Harrison. 

Stephen Hill of Japhel m. Lovinia Reed; m. 2nd Mrs. 
Lydia L. Godfrey; ohildren: George unmarried, M 
died young, Stephen m. Eliza Little, bJetse; m. Oliver 
Frost, Henry m. Betsey I). Cutter; Joshua m. Elizabeth 
Waves: Samuel m. Amanda Todd, Lavinia m. Joseph 
Andrews, A an died unmarried. 

Elizabeth Hill of Japhet m. Ebenezer Chaloner, 2nd son 
of I )r. Win. Chaloner. 

John Hill Ttli of Aimer m. Mary Albee of Machias; 
children: J. Murray, Mary, Willard, Abby, Geo. Clinton. 
.). Murray m. Alma -I. Gordon ; children : Nellie., Florence 
A., nut living ; Elizabeth L., 

Nellie 111. Alfred |\ . Allies. Machias. Sept. 1900. 

Huratio N. of Aimer m. Phebe Weston, daughter of Capt. 
Ephraim Whitney. Jonesboro; one child. Sarah E. in. 
Geo A, Lowell; children: Jessie 111. Ed. P. Boutelle of 

Bangor; Albert G. d. ls77: Fred H. m. Grace Binds; 
children: Gertrude, Sarah M., Ellen L., physician New 
York City; Agnes P., Co. Principal in Girl's School, Port- 
land, Me. 

Francis Henry of Daniel m. Nancy Branner; children: 
Carrie, G. Mabel, Lucy. B'rancis m. 2nd Sarah Branner; 
children: Charles I).. Richard E., Philip. 

Alberl Q., of Daniel, m. Emily Berry. 

Frederic of Daniel m. Alice Cunningham; children: 
Eleanora, Louisa, Edna M., ('has. Frederic. 

Charles of Daniel m. Helen G. King; he d. L898. 

Edmund of Daniel, m. Addie Harmon ; children : Walter. 
Hazel. 

Mary of David Pineo m. .lames Boyce; children: Luoy, 

Adelaide. 

Joseph llill. one of five brothers, who came from Scar. 

boro to Machias iu 17li.';.>ra yar or two later, settled at 

Gardner's Lake, the loi on which he first settled now being 
in the town of Whiting. Hem Mre Smith. In the 

early part of their married life they lived a few years in \" 



4 GO HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 

B. They had one son, Enoch, who was born in N. B., died 
in Whiting in 1850. 

Enoch m. Hepsibath Gardner; children: Polly. Theo- 
dora. Anna, Josiah, Alfred, Josiah, Stephen, Maria, 
Hezekiah, Sarah. Eliza, Rachel, Hiram. Emeline. Josiah 
and Alfred d. in infancy. 

Polly m. Jeremiah Mnnson : children : Lucy, Theodore, 
Daniel, Alfred. Loring, James, Francis. Josiah. Josephine, 
Laura. 

Theodore of Enoch in. Charlotte West; children: H. 
Lorenzo, Mary A., Deborah, Joanna, Fred A., Julia, Theo- 
dore, E. West, Eugene. 

Mary m. Stephen C. Beverly. 

Deborah d. June, 1893, unmarried. 

Joanna m. Wm Knight, of East Machias. 

Fred A. m, Lucia A. Foster; m. 2d Mrs. Jan" 3 Smith. 

Julia m. Oliver M. Pike, of Sebago. 

E. West m. Isabella Burns. St. John, N. B. 

Eugene died young. 

Anna of Enoch m. Eliakim West; children: William, 
Maria, Henry. Drusilla, Lorinda, Celicia. 

Josiah Hill of Enoch m. Phebe Kingsley ; children: Ed- 
gar, Stephen, served in the Union Army three years, lives 
in California., Lyman, soldier in the Civil War, killed on 
Machias B.iver while on duty as State Game Warden, 
Laura, Delia, George, Henrietta, Jerome, Albion. 

Stephen Hill of Enoch m. Olive Gooch ; children : 
Lucy, Warren, Bartlett, Ellery, Chrissie, Amos, Frank. 

Maria Hill of Enoch m. Joel Kingsley; children: 
Austin, Alma, Julia. 

Austin of Maria m. May Casseboom ; children : Frank, 
Maud, Charles. 

Alma of Maria m. James Watts; children: Clarence, 
Alice, Corliss ; reside at Wmdber, Pa. 

Hezekiah of Enoch m. Elizabeth Elsmore; children: 
Loring, Charles, Benjamin, Elizabeth. 

Charles m. Mary Holway ; live in Canton, Mass. 



GENEALOGY. 4 6 1 

Sarah of Enoch in. J. Niles Boxwell : children: Jules 
V.. Horace. Sanford, Susan, Inez. 

Eliza of Enoch m. Abel Hadley; moved to Wisconsin., 
where she and three children died. 

Rachel of Enoch in. John Hadley of Machias; children: 
Clarence. Eliza, Anson. 

Clarence m. Mary Stetson; children: Ray, Melbourne. 

Eliza in. John Ryan. 

Clarence in. Nora Durt'ee. The two first of Rachel live 
in Minnea] olis; Clarence lives in Wazozta, Minn. 

Hiram Hill of Enoch in. Abagail Maker; children-: Olive, 
Webster, Frank. John. Betsey. Family removed to 
Minnesota. 

Emetine of Enoch died unmarried. 

Polly, oldest child of Enoch Hill, m. Jeremiah Munson; 
children: Lucy, Theodore. Daniel, Alfred. Loring, James, 
Francis, Josiah, Josephine, Laura. 

Lucy m. Richard Gardner. 

Theodore in. Louisa Maker. 

James in. Mary Dowling. No further record. 

li. Lorenzo of Theodore Hill m. Susan Smith; children: 

Charlotte. Elvira. II. Lorenzo m. 2nd Lucia Holway ; 
children: W'm. II.. Isabelle, Fred A. died young, Harry 
II. 

Win. H. in. Cora Beverly, live in Watertown, Mass., no 
children. Isabella m. Alfred M. Cook: children: Hardy, 
Marion, Mildred reside in Roxbury, Mass. Harry of H. 
Lorenzo, not man led. 

Mary of Theodore Hill m. Stephen C. Beverly: children: 
Horace, Mai-. Alice. Nettie. Fred. Lewis died young. 
Ernest, Cora, Arthur. William. Charlotte. Joseph. 

Horace Beverly of Sie] hen m. Sarah Wentworth. 

Alice in. (inlian Foster. Fast Machias one child. Herman. 

Fred in 1 ia Andrews: one chiM. Maud. — Maud in. 
MeArthur, one child. Robert. 

Cora Beverly of Stephen C, m. Wm. IF Hill: live al 

New ton, Mass : no children. 

Julia of Theodore Hill. in. Oliver M. Pike. 



462 



HISTORY OF MACHTAS. 



Theodore, Jr., of Theodore m. Olive Hill, daughter of 
Hiram; children: Lucie, Abbie, Ethel. 

Wm. West of Eliakim, died in the Battle of the Wilder- 
ness; m. Eebecca Baker; children: Roseltha, Emma, Irene 
C, Henry, William. 

Emma m. Herman Rollins, ; moved to Wisconsin 

Lyman Kingsley of Josiah m. Nancy Holmes; children: 
Laura, Edith, Fred, Josiah. 

Laura of Josiah m. Horatio Rice; three daughters, one 
son, reside in Pasadena, Cal. 

Henrietta of Josiah m. Geo. Hight; live in California. 

Eugene m. - — ; lives in Berlin, N. H. 

Jerome m. — ; lives in Green Bay, Wisconsin. 

Amos Hill of Stephen m. Lucy Webster; children: May, 
Pearl, live in Watertown, Mass. 

Maria Hill of Eliakim West m. Joel Berry ; children : 
Walter, Estella, Melbourne, Evelyn, Susan, Henry, Clara. 
Simon, Anna, Estella, Henry, Anna, three only now living. 

Estella m. Joseph Steeres: children. 

Henry m. Carrie Mathison : children: Joel B., Estella. 
Henry. 

Annie m. Henry Voss, live in St. Paul, Minn; one child. 
Gertrude. 

Clara of Maria m. Charles S. Gardner: children: Rena, 
Willis, Gerald, Merrill, Frederic. 

Drusilla West of Eliakim m. John Beverly ; children : 
Wm. died young, George, Henrietta d. young. Ida. Loring. 
Cyrus W. /Fred M., Walter. 

Geo. m. Lyda McAdamspn, Boston; children: Ida, 
Ralph, Edna, Hazel; live in East Boston. 

Ida m. Geo. F. Flynn; children: Marcia, Emma. 

Loring m. Minnie H. Huckings, four children : youngest, 
Lena, only living. 

Cyrus W. m. Winnifred A. Davis no family. 

Lorinda West of Eliakim m. Elias Elliot; children: Anna. 
Julia, Lawrence, Edna, Rose. 

Anna m. Capt. John Reed, St. John, N. B. one child. 
Dexter, reside at St. John. 



oi NEALOGY 



403 



Fred Beverly of Drusilla in. Ida May Leighton children: 
Marjorie, Mildred. Voroe, Glad\s. 

Walter 1 1. <if Drusilla m. Mary B. Peterson of Calais 
children: Winnifred, Charlotte, Clarence, John M. 

Adelia, daughter of Josiah and Phebe K. Hill m. James 
Richardson; six ohildren, live at Pasadena. California. 



HUNTLEY. 

Frederick Huntley, was the fust of the name to settle in 
this vicinity. Hem. Miss- - Colewell; ohildren: Fred. 
Jabez. 

Fred settled in Cutler: in. — : children : Fred, 

Eliphalet. Fred m. Mary Thurlow. 

Klijihalet m. Miss Dow. 

Children of Fred: Oliver in. Hannah Babb, Benj. E. in. 
Delia Mun son m. 2d Mrs. - - Trafton. Richard of Benj. 

in. Miss - Autoiie. 

Steplu n id. Louisa ( lampbell. 

Oliver, sou of Oliver, in. Ad a villa Cook. Emily, m. 
.'anies Huntley in. '2nd John Larrabee m. 3d Robert 
Campbell. 

Uhristopher of Fred m. Mercy Thurlow; children: Geo. 
W. in. Miss McDonald Seattle. Wash. 

Christopher C. of Christopher m. Venie Cook; Charles 
in. Elmira Cook: Win. H. m. Emma Cook; Mary in. 
Charles Elder, went to the Pacific (oast. 

dames Huntley of Fred m. Taphenas, daughter of Jabez; 
ohildren: Adariel m. Man A. Perkins, Nehemiah in. 
Emma Mahar, James m. Munis Huntley. Reuben m. Sarah 
Davis. Marion in. Rebecca Maker.. Moses d. young, 
A -emit h in. Charles Clark. Betsey m. Jeremiah Ackley. 
Lovina in. Levi A.okley Melissa m. Martin Andrews. 

Jabez Huntley "f Fred m. Dorcas Seavy; ohildren: 

Jabez dr. m. Mrs. Gross, Joseph, Albert m. Charity 
Huntley. 

Merritt, son of Fred m. Mi-- Demmons; m. 2nd 

Martha Holmes; children: Kli.-ha in. William Wright, 



464 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Elijah m. Mrs. - - Brown, C. Porter m. Charlotte 
Huntley, Horatio m. Nancy Drew, Gideon m. Miss — 
Matthews. 

A daughter m. Sam Wright, another daughter m. - 
Pettegrew. 

William Huntley of Fred m. - Andrews; children: 

Albion m. Nancy Bryant, Obed, Israel d. young, Jordan 
m. Sarah Huntley, Henry. Hannah both d. young. 

Jabez Huntley of Fred m. Miss Emerson: children: 
Jacob m. Wilmot Ackley. 

Frank m. Miss Crocker, Charles m. . Abagail 

m. Davenport Huntley. 

Daniel Huntley of Fred m. Miss Gardner: children: 
Daniel m. Miss Albee, Gideon moved away. Almira m. 
Filbrook Brown, a daughter m. Arthur Albee. 

Kufus Huntley of Fred m. Mary Gardner; children: 
David m. Clarissa Cliff, Capt. Urban Huntley m. Miss 
Dennison, Henry m. Louisa Ingalls. Fairfield m. Kate 
Bogue, Alfred. A daughter m. Peter Hanscom. Charity m. 
Albert Huntley; m. 2nd Wm. Rushton. 

Reuben Huntley of Fred m. Jane Drew; children: 
Charles lost at sea, Samuel m. Jane Huntley, James, Joseph, 
Judson, m. Helen Stuart, Sarah m. Jordan Huntley, 
Lovina m. and lives at Shulee, N. S. 

Nabby Huntley of Fred m. Samuel Beverly; children: 
John m. Miss Hill, Gilbert, Jackson. Two daughters of 
Nabby m. Flaggs. 

Adriel Huntley of James m. Mary A. Perkins: children: 
Geo. H. m. Olive Cook, J. Winfield m. Olivia Huntley, 
Ambrose d. in the Union Army, Civil war. Nelson d. 
young, Elbridge m. Fannie Andrews, Almira m. D. S. P. 
Sherman, Maria d. young, Ellen m. Jackson Brown, 
Evelyn m. Frank Goss, Louisa m. Truman Newton. 

Park of Geo. H. died young. Wade not married, Hale 
m. Elvira Elsmore, Arlette m. T. W. Harmon ; Flora m. 
Zina M. Cook, Bernice m. James Farrell, Delia m. Charles 
Bryant, Sylvia died. 

Taphenas Huntley, daughter of Fred m. Nathan Long- 



I ;i\i \i in ;v. 165 

fellow; moved From Newbury, Muss., to Machias, IT').")-. 
children: Taphenas m. Jacob Longfellow, Jonathan m. 
Margaret, daughtei of Nathan, Win., Abagail and David d. 
young, Anna dl' Taphenas m. Enoch Longfellow, son <»f 
Nathan. 

Jain"/ Huntley Jr. settled in Cutler in 177:!-. he built the 
first framed house in the town. His son. Warren, helped 
cut the road through the woods from East Machias to 
Cutler. Jabez Jr. aud his brother Rufus were in the 
Revolutionary War. both were made prisoners by the 
British At one time they tried to escape on a raft, Jabez 
escaped by jumping overboard. Rufus whs re-captured. 
Jabez's wife carried her household effects into the woods to 
save plundering by soldiers. She carried her babe (Perry) 
into the woods and left his sister, Harriet, then a small ^irl 
to care for him. Harriet later became the wife of Ezra 
Stevens, Si- 



holmes. 
Joseph Holmes came to Machias in 1765. He was one of 
the partners in building the first Dublin mill. Samuel 
Holmes, brother of Joseph, was a resident here as early as 
1768. He had a house built in 17n'.). His lot was near the 
town line between Machias and Whiting; the Southeast 

(•Miner of his lot was called "Town Rock." His first cabin 

was built of logs near the shore, afterwards he builtaframed 
home several rods inland. This was subsequently 
occupied by his son John and a grandson of same name. 
The house is still standing on the North side of the road 
near the town line. He filled several town offices, constable 
road agent, etc. 

Samuel Holmes m. Charity Bryant; children: John, 
Anna. Mary, Martha, Elizabeth, .lames. Ephraim, A.bia, 
Law rence, A.donijah. 

John in. Ke/iah Nash: children: Samuel. Martha. 

Cynthia, Lois, Sally, Joshua. 



466 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Samuel of John m. Martha Larrabee. Martha m. Ralph 
Ackley ; Nancy not married. 

Cynthia m. A. J. Holmes. 

Lois m. Hezekiah Holmes. 

Sally m. Daniel Page. 

Joshua m. Mary Ackley. children: Inez in. Win. 
Pettigrove, Wm. m Grace Demmons. Maggie m. Walter 
Worcester, Cassie m. Isaiah Hooper, James m. Elizabeth 
Andrews, Mary m. Alonzo Holmes. 

James of Samuel m. Sarah Berry Lyons, wi low; children : 
Obed, Sarah, Martin, Katharine. Charity, Abagail. Lydia. 
Rebecca. 

Obed m. Jane ' Crocker; children: Wm. unmarried. 

Fannie m. ; children: Genieve, Sarah m. Lewis 

Foster, no children. Sarah m. 2nd Timothy Holmes. 
Martin m. Melissa Frye, Addie m. Samuel W. Hill; 
children: Charles F., Carrie, Jeanette, Warren. 

Justin m. Alice Libby ; children: Ea 7 l, Harold. 

Harriet m. Harris Getchell ; children : Benjamin. 
Frederic, Bertha, Helen. 

Lewis m. Ellen Colbeth : children: Florence. Byron. 
Cecil. 

Bertha m. Leverett Thaxter, one child, Howard. 

Katharine m. Mathias Crocker; no children. 

Charity Holmes m. Charles Clark ; children : Quincy m. 
Jane Holmes, John. James m Lucinda Fletcher; children: 
Adelbert William. 

Charity m. 2nd Isaac Richards children: Abagail m. 
Nelson Ingalls. Abbie m. Geo. Cates, Margaret m. Edgar 
Holmes, Cynthia m. Charles Crocker, Nina m. Fred 
Higgins, Nelson, John, Charles. 

Lydia of James m. Wm. Fletcher; children: Sarah m. 

Fenlason, Lucinda m. James Clark, m. 2nd Elijah 

Huntley, Miranda, Asa m. Hannah Sherman; children: 
Charles, Arthur, Abraham. 

Rebecca of James m. Fletcher. 

Samuel Holmes m. Ann Davis; children: Nancy m 
Lyman Hill; children : Laura, Charles, Edi_h. Mary m. 



GENEALOGY. 467 

John Bryant; children: Berniece, Charles. Edward rn, 
Lucy Quakel) ; one child, Mabel. 

Abbie m. John Todd; no children*, Ellen, Borace, Willis. 
Frank and Bessie d. young. A. J. Holmes m. Cynthia 
Boltnes one child. George m, Alice Dowling, he un. 2d 
Naucy Holmes; children: Annie m. Edward Holmeti, 
Albert! m. Ellen Demmons, Ellen m. Leslie Bolmes. 

Alonzo Bolmes m, Mary J. Holmes; children: Elizabeth 
m. Charles McLaughlin. Edna m. Wm. Parsons, Rose m. 

Dwelley, Fred. Austin. 

Albert Holmes of Samuel m. Lucinda Bryant; children: 
Nancy m. doe] Alley: Bessie in. Henry Dowling Mary m. 
Arthur Ingersoll; Charles m. Kate Hobbs, Alice m. John 
Grant, Millard in. Julia Dodge. 

Warren of Samuel in. Augu ta Holmes; children: Carrie 
in. Win. Reemie; children: Edward, Julia m. Melvin 
Acklej : Eliza ' nn. 

Lucinda of Samuel in. Jonas Davis. 

la nie tn. Warren Robinson; children: George, Mabel, 
( trace. 

Charles of Samuel m. Lena Robinson; no children. 
James m. Temperance Clark ; children : James F. m. Mary 
E Smith ; children : Lucy m. C. F. Craig, Alice m. Edwin 
Brown. Lillian. Ella m. James McRea. 

Franklin II lines m. Hannah Jellison, children: Olive. 
Grace, Blanche. Arthur. Charles; Edith, Phillip. 

( diaries Holmes in. Jane Abbott; 2d Emily C. Spooner; 
3d Melissa 1'. Phipps; children of 2nd, (diaries. Nettie. 
Henry: children of 3d, Samuel, Harold, Lindsey, all dead. 

Gilbert A. Holme- in. Henrietta Spooner; children: Ida. 
Mary E., bcth d&ad; Nelli* m. Harry Greenlaw; Annie, 
Edna. Louise, Leonora. Salem L.. Annie, Everett, all dead. 

Jonathan Holmes m. Abagail Ames; children: Abram 
m. Olive Libby, no children. Susan in. Win. F. Acklej ; 
children: Susan m. Warren Huntley. Emma m. Austin 

Stuart, A bbie in. Davis ; 1 lenr\ . 

Jane of Jonathan in. Quincy (dark: Sarah. Win. d. 
young. William m. lives in Jonesport; Emily, 



468 HISTORY OK MACHIAS. 

George, Emily m. Peter Durgan, Annie m. Maurice 
Holmes. 

Sada of Jonathan m. Jones Holmes. 

Wm. Edgar m. Annette Huntley, children: Sabina m. 
Raymond Dobbin ; Forest m. - - Colbeth, James lost at 
sea; Harry. 

Warren of Jonathan m. Nancy Seavy ; no children. 

Amos Holmes m. Clarissa Wright: children: Ira m. Ida 
Larrabee, Lelia m. : Ida. 

Laura of Jonathan m. Merritt Wright: children: 
Charles, Arthur, Grace m. Christopher Hanson ; James. 

Sanford of Jonathan m. Rose Foster: one child Maud. m. 
Dean Palmer. 

Ella of Jonathan m. Austin Huntley, children: Mariner. 
Harry, Clara, Pearl, Ruth. 

Adavilla of Jonathan m. Elmer Small: children: Ralph. 
Marcia. 

Linnie of Jonathan m. Henry Carter: children: Gertrude, 
Carl. 

James drowned at sea. 

Eben Holmes m. Susan Dennison ; children: Julia m. 

Charles Crocker. Edith m. Nash, Albert. Austin. 

Frank. 

Melinda of Eben m. Geo. Huntley : children : Geurg3, 
Mary ; moved to the West. 

Emeline of Eben m. Arthur Brown. 

Katharine m. Arthur Brown, 2nd wife. 
"Henry of Eben m. Maria Miller; children: Lillian. 
Henry. 

Mary of Eben m. Joseph Kneidle children : Alice. 
Joseph. 

Eben of Eben m. Julia Dow. 

Abial Holmes m. Betsey Phinney. 

Nathaniel m. Joan Libby one child, Nathaniel. 

Anna m. Joshua Seavey ; children : Lorena, Anna. 

Thankful m. Isaac Ames one child. Thankful, m. 
Barter. 

Stillman of Abiel m. Nancy Barter, moved away. 



GENEALOOY. 169 

Ephraim of Abie) m, Eliza Hadley; children: Mary «l. 
young, George m. Mary Randall, AMen in. Cora Robinson. 

Jones of Miicl m. Sada Bolmes; children: Letitia m. 
Robert Brown, i I arrison, Masi m, John. 

Frederic of Abie! m. Sarah Wrighl children: Martha, 
Laura, Ethel. 

Leonard unmarried. 

Berber! of Abie] in Maria Cates; one child, Georgie. 

V\ illiain died young. 

Ephraim Holmes m. Eliza Hadley ; children: Elizabeth 
in. E. S. Wright; children: Marcia, Anna. Frank. 

Mary A. in. Ed. !1. Smith: ijo family, live in Machias. 

Laura < '. m. — . 

Timothy of Ephraim in. Sarah Holmes. T. Crocker of 
E] hraim m. Addie Huntley, no families. 

Helen of Ephraim m. Lewis P. Blackwood; George d. 
young, Winifred m. Clayton Sanborne, •'. Watson, Obed m. 
Janel McRae, Effie. 

Abram of Ephraim en. Lucinda Hadley; children: 
Frank m. Emma Libby, moved to Aroostook; children: 
Etta, Frank. 

Mel vin of Ephraim m. Susan Randall; children: Eva, 
Charles, Linnie. 

Loring m. ( J-ardner. 

Leslie m. Ellen Holmes; children: Annie. Ada. Elmer. 

Carrie of Ephraim m. Frank Larrabee. 

Betsey of Ephraim in. Goddard Kellar; children: John. 
Helen, both married and live in the State of Washington. 

Of the Eoregoing Bolmes families there have been ninety- 
eight, who followed the sea; nine of them Captains and nine 

were lost at sea. 

Ephraim Holmes, son of Samuel moved to Belfast: m. 
Sally Richardson ; children : Peter, James, Rhoda, Ruth, 

I ! iram. Eliza, Sallie I !a/.el. 

Peter m. Eliza Davis; children: Eliza, Ann. Fit/. Win. 
Eliza m. Richard Hopkins ; children : Lit/.. Ada. Orman, 
Fannie. Ge< irge. 



470 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Fitz d. unmarried, Ada m. Henry Daniels, five children. 

Orman m. Isabel! Brier; (jne child. Isabel! 

Fannie not married. 

George m. Annette Oat; live children. 

James of Ephraim lost at sea. 

Bhoda m. David Patterson of Belfast; children': 
Amanda. Alonzo, Mary, Henry. Frank, George- 
Amanda m. Samuel G. Adams of Boston; children: 
Mary, Henry, both dead. Frank, George unmarried. 

Ruth. of Ephraim m. Dea. Geo. Knowlton of Northport; 
children: Thomas, Sarah J., Eliza. Mark. Helen, Malvena. 

Thomas m. Sarah Prescott # one child. 

Sarah m. Orsanees Patterson ; children : George. Ardella. 
Isadora. 

George m. , one son. 

Isadora m. George Blakeley of Boston, one so:.. 

Ardella unmarried. 

Eliza m. ('apt. Martin Corthell. one daughter, d. un- 
married; She m. 2nd Dexter McClenathan; one soil. 

Mark of Ruth m. Lizzie Shaw of Northport; three 
children. 

Helen of Ruth m. Augustus Fletcher of Belmont; one 
daughter. 

Melvina of Ruth m. Alonzo Fletcher, one child: m. 2nd 
Rev. Fish, live in New York. 

Hiram Holmes of Ephraim m. Sallie McKean ; children: 
Rosella, Martha. Sarah, Alonzo. 

Rosella m. Capt. Frank Cunningham: children: three 
sons, one daughter. 

Martha m. Capt. Geo. Cunningham, one son. m. and 
lives in Portland. Sarah, unmarried. Alonzo m. Eliza 
Whittier live in Massachusetts. 

Eliza of Ephraim m. Joseph McKean: children: 
Ephraim, James d. young, Hazel, James, Melissa, Rhoda. 
Albert, Emma, Fred. 

Ephraim m. Sarah Nickerson, of Swanville; children: 
Isaac, Melissa, Roscoe, John. 

Isaac m. Flora Morrill of Swanville: three children: 



GEN] kLOGY. 171 

Melissa unmarried, lives with her mother. Roscoe m. Nettie 
Adams, of Lincolnville, Me.; he is Superintended of 
schools in Haverhill, Mass. John m. Lizzie Parker, of 
Monroe, Me.; live al Conway, \. M. 

Hazel of Ephraim m. Mar} Harris of Swan ville; children: 
Clara, Ada. Fred, Joseph, Nellie, Eliza, Ralph, Mary. 

Clara m Geo. Maker; three children: she m. 2nd 
Rankin, live in Massachusetts. 

Ada in. Ceo. A. Linnkin of Roxbury, Mass.; one child. 

Fred in Miss V\ilson of Belfast; three children. 

Joseph in. Almira Sholes of Belfast; two sons. NelPe m. 
Win. Blazo one son ; live in Belfast. 

Eliza in. Frank Jellisun; five children, reside in Bangor. 

Ralph in. Miss Eaton of Waldo-, two sons 

Marv in. (icu. Havens; two sons, live at Belfast. 

Melissa d. in L848 

Rhoda m. Leander Staples ; one son d. in 1881. 

Alberl in. Annie McKean; one daughter, reside in 
Waltham, Mass. 

Emma m. Capt. .lames Perkins; children: Horace, 
Rei a. 

Horace in. Villa Doekliam ; one son. 

Rena tn. Asa Sholes ; one child. 

Fred d. unmarried. 

Sallie of Ephraim m. Henry Cunningham; children: 
Sarah. Helen. Henry, Augusta, Edward, Aurilla, Fred. 
Albert. 

Sarah m. Henry Ryan; in. lid Brooks. 

I li len m. ( ieo. W. Berry of Rockland. 

Henry not married, lives in China. Me. 

Augusta m. Alberl I Mather one son. the son in. Miss 
Sherman, all live in Rockland. 

Edward m. Nellie Eaton, one daughter, reside at Wash- 
ington, D. C. Alberl m, Mary Morrill. Rockland. 
1 1 azel 1 1, unmarried. 



172 HISTORS OF MACHTAS. 

HANSCOM. 

Aaron Hansoom, one of the earlier settlers m. Sally 
Seavy; children: Nathan, Aaron, Abagail, Sally. Isaac. 
Joseph, Lois, Sylvanus, Daniel. Thomas, Moses. 

Nathan m. Ruth Foster: m. 2nd Susan Weston: children: 
Susan, Fanny, John, Joel. Rebecca, Sarah. Win., Ruth. 
Phebe, Nathan, Hannah. Josiah, Samuel. Children of 
Susan the 2nd wife. 

Aaron m. 2nd Rhoda Smith ; children: Elkanah, Mary. 
Lois, Ebenezer, Henry, Aaron. Elisha, Bertha. 

Abagail m. Daniel Averill. Sally m. Daniel Averill, his 
2nd wife. 

Isaac of Aaron m. Betsey Pineo, m. 2nd Betsey Drisko, 
m. 3rd Eliza Corey: children: Otis P., George, Ellis. 
David O. D., John. Wm,, Eliza, Lavina, Mary Ann. Jane. 
Isaac, Samuel, Charles, Stephen, Hannah, Phebe. 

Otis of Isaac m. Lydia Bowker: children: Betsey. Mary 
d. young, Laura, Simon, Watts, Deborah, Belle. Lucinda. 

Betsey m. Marshall Harmon. 

Laura m. Nath'l. Crocker of Dixmont. Me. 

Simon m. Julia White; children: Herbert, Otis. Belle. 
Nellie, Anna, Henry, Mina, Flora. 

Watts m. Sarah Robinson, children: Charles. Arthur. 
Edward. Lincoln, Mary, Florence. Maude. Bessie. 

Charles not married. 

Edward m. Abbie Winslow; children: Beatrice. Dean. 
Live in Hyde Park, Mass. 

Lincoln m. Rose Chipman; no children. 

Mary m. Wm. Hale; children : Helen, Arthur, Marjorie, 
Kenneth, Sarah, Dorothy. Arthur is on the U. S. battle 
ship Raleigh, now in China; Second Gun Captain. 

Florence m. Geo. Bucknam, Eastport; children: Austin. 
Philip, Louise. 

Maude m. Harry Townsend. Calais: children: George, 
Priscilla. 

Bessie m. Chas. Chase. Bath; one child, Elton. 

Deborah m. Wm. Stone; children: William, Joseph, 



.i m \m m.v. 473 

Sadie, Anna, George, Minnie. Belle m. John In^lee. 

Lucinda in. Joseph W. Longfellow; 2nd E. F. Black- 
man. 

George Hanscom of Isaao m, Bertha Elsmore; ohildren: 
Elizabeth, .Mary died, Samuel. S< »j >h ia. Leverett died, 
Caroline; m. 2nd Nanoy Mitchell. 

Ellis of rsaac m. Sarah Bowker. (See Bowker.) 

Sylvanus Banscom of Aaron in. Eda Averill; children: 
James, Luther. Phebe, Eliza, Alfred, Mary. 

Luther of Sylvanus m. Mary A. Bedell; children: 
Lucinda. Elizabeth, Elsie E., Loring L., Mary A.. 

Lucinda m. Geo. Bilborn, Gorham, N. H. No children. 

Sylvanus L. in. Lizzie Parsons. 

J. Alfred in. Florence McGregor; one child, she a 
graduate of ( !olby, now a teacher in Boston. 

Frank P. in. Miss Lothrop, in. 2nd a Boston woman. 

Sarah E. m. Harvey Malleroy, Milford, Conn; four 
children live in Brooklyn, N. Y 

Thi' two eldest sons are Methodist preachers; Rev. L. L. 
Hanscom, I). D. is at Rockland, Me. He has two sons in 
the Cong, ministry; Rev. Geo. L. in the Cong, church, 
Newark. X. •).: Rev. Fred L. Hanscom, pastor of the First 
Cong, church. Abingdon, 111. Dr. W. V.. son of L. L. 
Hanscom, a surgeon of considerable note is conducting a 
private Hospital in Rockland, Me. 

Rev. S. L. Hanscom of Luther is at present Pastor of the 
M. E. church al Bar Harbor. He, also has two sons in the 
ministry; Lev. Albert H. Hanscom is Pastoral Thomaston, 
Me.. Lev. Warren A. Hanscom, Pastoral Southport, Me. 

Alvrah II. of Luther, resides at Maiden. Mass.; twice 
married; Biz children; was in early life a clergyman, but is 
now in t he br< ikerage busines , 

Elizabeth of Luther m Bi aj. F. I [arris. 

Elsie E. m. ('has. W. Oviatt, Milford. Conn.: no 

children. 

Loring L. m. Sarah .1. Bridgham; nine children. 

He in. 2nd Annie Hall. Richmond, X. B. ; three children. 



174 HISTORY in MACHTAS. 

Mary A. m. Wm, Harris, he killed in Civil War. (See 
Harris i 

Luther Hanseoiu b. at Kast Machias, L809, d. at Rock- 
land, March, 1889. His wife. Mary. d. at Milford, Conn.. 
Nov.. 1901, at 86. 

• lames Hanseoiu of Sylvanus m. Sarah Bedell: children: 
Andrew .).. Elisha B.. Sarah, Albert, .lames. 

Andrew J. m Emeline Pierce; children: Herbert. 
Laurie in. R. J. MeGarrigle ; children : Charles. Elizabeth. 
Jerrold, Philip. Frances. Mabel. 

Amelia of Andrew in.' Frank W. (Tray: children: 
Marjorie, Alice. Frank. John C. Mi hired. Edith. Maxwell. 

Charles died young 

Lois m. Sanford L. Elsmore; children: Lucy, Nellie. 
Amy. duly. Walter. 

Gertrude in. Manly Cray: children: Virginia. Ells- 
worth. 

Elizabeth of George Hanscom m. John Pierce: children: 
Fereline died ; J. Leverett, Mary E.. Sophia. Clara E. 
Clarence. Mary. Lucy. Sarah. Emily. 

J. Leverett m. Sarah Farrar: children: John L. 
Charles F.. entire family deceased. 

Mary E. m. Wm. A. Thaxter— (See Thaxter.) 

Lucy Pierce of Elizabeth m. Geo S. Phinney : children: 
Ralph, Annie. Eleanor. Susan. 

Emily A. m. Samuel N. Toby; one child. Caroline: in. 
2nd Irving H. Vose; children: Frederic G. John P.. 
Emeline. Frances. 

Caroline Hanscom of George m. Isaac Bradbury: 
children: James died, Caroline E.. She m. 2nd Win. 
Webber; one child. Charles. 

Caroline of Caroline m. Geo. W. Hawthorne: children: 
Cora. Frank. Live in Auburn. 

Sophia of George m. Capt, Simeon Gould; children: 
Annette. Fred, Annie. Harry. 

Harry m. Caroline Chedell; one ehild, Helen. 

Samuel of George Hanscom m. Fannie Bosworth: 



GENEA1 <><;>". I •■' 

children: Annie, Mary, both died; William ra. Evelyn 
Bryant. 

John Hanscom of Isaac ra, Rebecca Longfellow; children: 
Elizabeth, Enoch L. 

Elizabeth m. Marshall Harmon; children: Adolphas, 
Betsey, John. 

Enoch L. m. Hannah Getohell; children: Cynthia, 
Sabrina, Kitridge, Vilol, Margaret, Edwina, Ora, Winfield, 
Emily. 

John Hanscom m. i2im 1 lxuth G-etcbell; children: 
Rebecca, Mary J., Mercy. 

Rehecca m. Harrison Smith ; four children : all "lied in 
infancy. 

Mary in. Bartletl Elwell; chillren: Adelia, Mary. 

Mercy m. Stillman Albee; children: Ira. Thomas. 
Newell. 



HUNTER. 

The Hunters are of Scotch ancestry. John Bunter lived 

in the vicinity <>f the city of Ayer, Scotland. Henry 
Hunter, son of John was the youngesi of three brothers, 

John. Matthew. Henry. 

Henry came to America before the French War. He en- 

• i| in trade in Boston. In a vessel of his own he carried 

soldiers to Quebec, when it waa captured by Gen. Wolfe. 

Henry Hunter married Sarah Wyer, a native of Ireland. 
Mrs. Hunter lived four years. In 1607 he in. 2nd a woman 
of same- name of Londonderry, N. H.. came to Maine and 
settled in the town of Bristol. 

The Br. Meet captured hi-> \e->sel and sailed to Boston, 
hut the commander ordered the \; ssi I returned as be 
recognized in Henry the D03 school maie at the same school 
iii t lie N< u't h of 1 reland. 

Henry Hunter had a family ol six suns, two daughters. 
Thomas settled al Farmington; John, .lames ami David in 
Strong. 

David m. Lvdia Ann Belcher. A son, Dr. Sam'] H. 



476 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Hunter, of David and Lydh. is a practicing physician in 
Machias. He is a native of Strong, b. in 1830; was educated 
in town schools, Farmingtcn and Wiltcn Academies, a 
graduate from Jefferson Medical College, Phildelphia in 
1852; commenced practice in Wilton. Me. He married 
while at Wilton, Miss Amelia, daughter of Dea. Thompson 
Lincoln of Perry. Me. Later he came to Steuben and East 
Machias, finally settling its Machias. 

Dr. Hunter was army Surgeon to the Sixth Maine Reg't. 
in the Civil War with the title of Major. 

For several years he has been Assistant Surgeon, U. S. 
Marine service: Surgeon of the general Public Health; 
Examining Surgeon on the Washington Co. Pension Board. 

Doctor and Mrs. Hunter have two daughters, Sarah 
Lincoln, L. Annie, both with their parents. Sarah is a 
physician, the first woman in the profession in Washington 
Co. She was educated in common schools and passed 
several years, a student in the Woman's Medical College, 
Philidelphia. graduating from that popular Institution. 



HITCHCOCK.. 

Roswell Hitchcock was the village blacksmith at Eastern 
Falls many years. He m. Betsey, daughter of Jonathan 
and Mercy C. Longfellow of Machias. His son. Dr. Ros- 
well D. Hitchcock, received his preliminary education in 
town schools and Washington Academy; in 1855 he went to 
New York ; was elected to the Washburn, Professor, hip of 
Church History; from 1880 to '87 he was President of the 
Seminary. It may be stated that the woman, Mrs. Jacob 
Bell, who endowed the Washburn Professorship, was a native 
of Maine, born at Washburn. 

Roswell and' Betsey Hitchcock's children: Roswell D.. 
Urban L. 

Roswell D. m. Elizabeth A. Brayton, Fall River. Mass.; 
children: Roswell D. m. Mary E. Higgins, one child. 
Harriet B., who m. Frederic C. Harriman, New York, 1897; 
two children. 



ILCX -Y 



477 




R. D. Hrrcw <>< k, D. D. 



478 



H (STORY OF MACHTAS. 




Solomon Hall. 



i ;e m ilogy I i 9 

Mary B. of Roswell D. m. in New Fork, Dec. 28, L881, 
Samuel |\ Emerson; children: Roswell I). II., Margaret 
L., Man B. Residence, Burlington, Vt. 

Harriet V\ . of R. I)., died in 1859. 

Bradford, son of R. I) Bitchcook lives in New York. 

Urban L., son of the blacksmith m. : only 

child, a son, probably living in X. Y.. Dr. Urban (i. Hitch- 
cock 

Dr. Hitchcock's children in 1 V M made an effort ♦<• buy 
the old sho]). foTge etc. of their grandfather Hitchcock, at 
East Machias, having in view their preservation, but could 
not se mhv transfer fr< in the owners. 



Luther Had, Elijah Had. twins b. in Dorchester. Mass., 
July 28, 1792; Luther d. in Easl Machias, May, 19, 1 v, h. 
Be came to East .Machias in 1811, m. Phebe, daughter of 
Levi Foster ; children : Albert, Warren d. young/Elizabeth, 
Miranda. Augustus, Oliver, Geo. L. .Mary A.. Orrin A.. 
James .'.. Jules d. young, Inez 1. 

. Ibert in. Annie l'arker of Cutler, Albert d. in Alliert 
I a, Minn., 1899; she in L901; children: Charles, Ada, 

Nellie. Annie. Carrie. 

Elizabeth m. -John A. Harraden, Portsmouth, N. H. ; 
children: Fred. .lames. Laura. 

Mary m. John Wiswell, Last Machias. 

• lames m. Ktta Settle. Seattle ; children : Lena. Oakley. 

Elijah Hall m. Joanna Seavey; both dead; children: 
Solomon. Stpehen, Lucinda, Oliver, Lowell. Sylvanus, 

Llijah. 

Solomon m. Laura Hall of Dorchester, .Mass. 

Stephen m. Harriet Simpson; children: Clara m. Charles 
Knox, live in S] ukane, Wash., Nannie d. young. 

Mi>. Hall lives with her daughter Mrs. Knox. 

Lucinda m. Sewell Seavey ; children : Leverett, Lincoln. 

( )>\h niie. \\ alter. L( III Dg. 

Leveretl m. Bell Grant, live in Massachusetts. 



480 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Oliver m. Lizzie Gardner children : Florence, Bertlia d. 
young, Herbert, not living; three more children live in the 
West. 

Elijah Jr. m. Mary Pope, Dorchester; children: Annie, 
Gertrude, Edmund, Laura. 

Syfvanus m. Maria Chase; children: Fred, Laura. 

Lowell m. Eva Getchell ; children: Emma, m. lives in 
Portland, Me. Thaddeus, dead, Charles m. Laura Holmes, 
Benjamin. Elijah Hall was in the War of '12 — '14; drew 
a pension for services. 

Luther Hall when twenty years old in 1812, after being in 
East Machias about one year, walked from there to Boston. 

He was twelve days on the road. He continued his 
journey two nights. He always found people hospitable, 
furnishing meals and lodging when desired. Sometimes a 
traveller would give him a short ride. The roads were very 
bad, bridges poorly built where there was any, but usually 
forded small streams. After remaining in Mas^achusetls a 
short time, Elijah accompanying him they came to East 
Machias in 1813, where they passed their lives, exce] t on 
occasional visits to their boyhood home. 



INGLEE. 

Ebenezer Inglee b. in Halifax, Mass., 1764. He entered 
the Revolutionary War as a private in 1/80 in a Company 
of "State Contingents." and was participator in several 
battles. He was one of the provost guard at the execution 
of Maj. John Andre at Tappan, N. Y.. who was hung as a 
spy Oct. 2, 1780, he was one of the four soldiers who 
marched to the gallows with the condemned Andre. 

After the war he came to Machias and became a member 
of the firm, Smith. Stillman, Avery & Co.. the leading 
lumber maunufactures of Machias. 

He in. Elizabeth Otis, daughter of Capt. Stephen Smith, 
senior member of above firm, Nov. 1, 1800; she b. Aug. 11, 
1779. He became a member of Warren Lodge of F. and A. 
M.. June 17, 1879. and was W. M., Dec. 27. 1803, to June 



W.NKALOOY. 



481 




W'.M. ('. HOLWAV 

Son of John Holway, native of Machias, — com- 
mence<l business in early life and became an extensive 
operator in lumbering, ship-building and trade. 



482 



HISTORY OF MACH/AS\ 




John Inglee. 



GENEALOGY. 188 

24, L809, and from June 24, L811, to June 24, LH13, and from 
Deo. 27, L820, to Dec 27, L821. Be was a deacon of the 
Congregational church many years; major in the militia; 
justice of the peace and town officer ; representative to the 
genera] court from 1809 to L818, with the exception of L813; 
Revolutionary | ensioner under the acl >>\' June 7. L832. He 
died Oct. 29, 1851, aged 87 years and eighl months. Mrs. 
[nglee died Aug. 31, I860, aged 82 years. 

1 1 is children: Charles, Annah, Wm., Betsey, Jane, 
Lewis, John, Charles. 

A ii n all in . Dennis Garland; children: Eliza, Henry, 
Mary, Paley. 

William m. Roxanna Shepard; children: Anna. Mary. 
('. Edward. 

Betse Jane, Lewis. Charles <!. unmarried; John in. 
Elizabeth Brown; 5 children: Emma, Charles, Willie, 
Paley : m. 2nd. Belle 1 fanscom. 

Emma m. W. 11. Phinney; (See Phinney.) 

Charles in. Ella Penned. I See Pennell.) 

Willie Inglee of John in. Eliza J. Rodd; children: 
John, Mary, Wm. B., T.Russell, David. EmmaJ., [sabella. 

Eliza of Annah m. Samuel Valentir-e. 



KEITH. 

Lucius L. Keith, native uf Brockton, Mass., came to Easl 

Macllias win n a young man. and followed, for several years, 

the work of photographer in that town, also at Machias, 
Lubec and other places in the ( Jounty. 

Mr. Keith m. Miss Mary, daughter of N. Webber Foster 
of East Machias. 

Mrs, Keith d. .Ian. 1 S 'J7: Mr. K'eitli. Feb. of same year. 
N'.i children. 

Soon after marriage Mr. Keith buill a bouse in I-'.. 
Machias where he resided the reel "I his life. He was a 

BOCial man. a lt< >< >d entertainer, generous with his guest8. 

In 1869 he was elected Treasurer of the Machias Saving's 

Hunk at the time of its organization, and received the 



484 HISTORY OF MACHfAS. 

unanimous election for twenty-eight years, or until his last 
illness in 1897. 

Probably no one more enjoyed recreation and release from 
work, the work of the bank to which he applied himself 
closely and with intense interest, more than he. The 
"Cottage in the Woods." on the west shore of Gardner's 
Lake, was his favorite resort, — bird hunting, boating, and 
friends in his cabin, to share with him the sport of Lake 
and Woods. 

The following are the men who constituted the first 
official Board, 1869, — George Walker, President; Wm. 0. 
Holway, J. F. Harmon, Vice Presidents; Ignatius Sargent, 
Sanm'i H. Talbot, Geo. W. Pope, Geo. W. Drisko, Nathan 
Longfellow, Ghas. W. Vose, H. N. Tobey, J. F. Harmon, 
Abel Curtis, Trustees 

Chartered by the Legislature, 1869; organized April, same 
year, has been a successful and useful Institution. 

There never had been a Bank in Machias, not even a bank 
of discount; — people of the town had kept their money and 
valuables in tills and old stockings, so when the Savings 
Bank was opened, confidence in it gradually established r 
stockings and tills began to discount, and the yearly increase 
of deposits became noticeable until in 1903 the amount was 
over eight hundred thousand dollars. 

Lee W. Longfellow was the first to make a deposit, April 
17, 1869; then a small boy; $2.50. Mr. Longfellow is now 
of the firm, Longfellow & Harper. The individual 
accounts Oct., 1903, numbered 9,300. 

At the last annual election April, 1903, the following 
officers were chosen : Geo. W. Drisko. President; P. H. 
Longfellow, Vice President; Geo. W. Drisko, P. H. Long- 
fellow, Wm. Longfellow, C. B. Donworth. F. L. Shaw. 
Trustees. 

Thirty-four years since the bank organized; only two of 
the entire number of first officers living, — Mr. Walker at 
Portland at an advanced age, and Mr. Drisko of Machias. 



GENEALOOY. 



485 




L. L. Keith. 



486 



HISTORY OF MAI HI As. 







GENEALOGY. 487 

KNDX. 

Iii I ill William Knox, then iil years old, a native of 
Pembroke, New Hampshire, lefl his native town, and settled 
in tin* valley of the Saco river in what is now the town of 
Conway. N. II. He boughl a claim and subsequently 
added to his land until he possessed at his death in 1801 
a'i mi 3 > • acres. He married in 177 s and raise I a Family of 
seven children, five suns an two daughters. 

John, the Ith sun of William Knox was born at Conway, 
\ [. Jan. 27th, 1789. 'Aboul L81] he went to Machias 
Maine, where his oldest brother, Samuel, had preceded 
him the year before, and remained there aboul a year, at 
East river. He returned tu Conway, and after the war with 
England was declared, he enlisted as a private in the regular 
army, was made a sergeant, a d the last year of the war 
was commissioned Lieutenant. He served through the war 
on the northern frontier, in Xew York and Canada, at first 
under Wade Hampton and Wilkinson and afterwards on 
the Niagara frontier under Brown, Scott and Ripley. Upon 
the re luction of the army after the clos i of the wars he re- 
signed his commission and in dune. l s lo. he married 
Lucy, daughter of Ephraim Randall of Burlington, Vermont. 

The follow in- year with his wife he moved to Machias, 
Maine and set t led at Easl river, now East Machias, engaging 
in the lumber busiuess on East river, and he raised a family 
of seven children, four eons and three daughters In 1842 
having changed his lumber operations to Wesl river, the 
family moved to the village of Whitneyville, then a part of 
the town of Machias. and he resided there until his death. 

( >ct. I Ith. 1 S I7. When Whitneyville was separted from 
Machias in L843, Mr. Kuo\ was chosen one of the Select- 
men and helped organize t he new town government. While 
living in East Machias he had frequently served in the same 
capacity. 

I'pon the establishment of a Post Office at Whitneyville 
in L843, he was appointed Postmaster and held the office 
until he resigned in l s ~>7. 

During all his life Mr. Knox was an ardent and consistent 



488 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

follower of the political principles of Jefferson and Jackson. 
He kept himself well informed on public affairs and was al- 
ways ready and able to give reasons for his political faith. 

His religious affiliation were congregational he having 
joined with his wife, the church of that demnomination at 
East Machias in 18'24. 

In person he was tall — over six feet — well proportioned, 
straight as an arrow, in youth an athlete, and he carried the 
effects of his military training to the last of his life. He 
was a kind and indulgent father, a faithful friend, a good 
neighbor and worthy citizen, ever ready to answer the call of 
friendship and of duty. 

In his wife he had one every way worthy to share with 
him the cares and duties devolving upon them in their 
union of 58 years. She survived her husband about four 
years, dying in 1879, Jan. 20th. 

Children: Wm. Norman, Sophia. John R.. Wales L, 
Geo. H., Lucy R., Mary 

W. Norman m. Nancy Cutter; one child., Charles. Nor- 
man d. in Spokane. Wash., 1896. 

Sophia m. Capt. E. S. Blaisdell: she d. in 1867. 

John R. m. Susan Savage; m. 2nd Fanny Bassett: lives 
in San Franscisco; he d. in Napa. Cal., 1890. 

Wales L , lawyer, not m. ; lives in San Francisco. 

Geo H. lives in Shasta. Cal. 
Lucy R. m. James Pope; children: Ellen, Mary. 

Mary d. unmarried, in 1854. 

Emma L. of Wm. N. Knox m. - - Kellinger; Charles L. 
of Norman these two live in Si okane. Wash., Wm. N. Jr. 
lives at Idaho City, I. 

John R. of John Knox m. Susan Savage; m. 2d Frances 
Bassett; children : Anna, Georgie, Lucy R. 

Wales Knox of John praciced law many yeai> in Reno. 
Nev. before going to San Francisco. 

Sabine, daughter of Sophia Blaisdell, lives in Oakland, 
Cal. Edwin, Lucy. John all d. young. Frank P. of 
Sophia is in Northern Cal. 

Geo. H. of John lives at Igo, Shasta Co., Cal. 



GENEALOGY. 



489 




I 1 1 N KNOX. 



GENEALOGY. 4'.M) 

Ellen and Mary, daughters of Mrs. Lucy R. Pope. 
Children of Charles L. bod of Norman: Frederic, 

Donald. Helen. 

Children of Minnie Thomas, daughter of John R. Knox: 

Lewis B., I leleli. Fiances. Mary. 

Children of Sophia (Knox) Blaisdell Edith, Letitia, 
Frank ( I.. Robert A.. ( i race. 
John R. Jr., son of John l\.. lives in Pranktown, Nev. 



LYON. 

dames Lyon in. Martha Holden ; children: Ludlum, 
Phebe, James, Jeremiah, Martha. Hannah, Henny, Sarah. 
Amelia. 

1 'he lie in. John Kelly ; children : John S.. dames. Martha. 
EliazDeth. 

David m. Hart, moved to X. B. 

Dea. John S. m. Sarah Seavy; children: Olive, John, 
Sarah. 

Martha in. Moses Hancom, bis 2nd. wife. 

Hannah m. Win. Ellis Smith. (See Smith.) 

Elizabeth of Phebe m. Josiah Noyes of Jonesboro; 
children: David. John. Martha, Maria. Newman, Ira. Julia. 
( George, Sarah. 

lliiir\ Lyon m. Betsey ("rocker: children: Albert, 
dames. Rebecca, Hannah, Ludlum. William. Amelia. Warren, 
( \ rus, Sanford. 

Win. of Henry m. Sarah Getchell ; children : Geo. M.. 
Willie 11.. Amelia (i.. Simeon (i., Sanford 1'.. Lizzie, 
A ndrew ( i. 

Geo. M. Lyon of Wm. m. Jennie Berry ; children : Sarah. 
Phyzannah, [rving, Roscoe not married. Willard, LmV. 
Anna. Josie not married. Lizzie. Walter, Millie. Mary. 
Carrie not married. 

Willie II. in. Josephine Leighton ; one child, Willie. 

Simeon (I. m. Hannah Sedgley ; children: dames. Fred, 
Albert, < i race, M igonette. 

Sanford I' m. Sarah Ellison ; children : Marion. George. 



491 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Lizzie in. Willis A. Blood; children: Fred, Charles, 
Leon. 

Andrew of Win. m. Catharine Clark; children: Avoid. 
Leda, Willie, Sadie, Bradford, Percie, Ruby. Aubrey. 

Physannah of Geo. m. Simon B. Elwell : children: Geo. 
Herbert. 

Irving of George m. Lottie Gooeh. 

Wi Hard of Geo. m. Ada Andrews; children: Melvin, 
Dorris. 

Efne m. Enoch Howie ; children : John, Melius, Calista. 

Annie m Willie Ackley; children : Cora, George, Maiion, 
Clayton. 

Amelia Lyon of Henry m. Bryant Gates; children: 
Adalida: Banning m. Melissa Hanscom ; children: Austin 
B , Geo. D. 

Warren Lyon of Henry m. Phyzannah Norton ; children : 
Otis, Herbert, Hannah, Cyrus, Edward. 

Cyrus Lyon of Henry m. Inez Cota; children: Rebecca, 
Alice, Cyrus, Robert, Arthur. 

Sanford Lyon of Henry in. Annie T. Hanscom ; children : 
Lewis. Carrie, Annie, Addi, Frank. 

Lewis m. Ida J. Myers. 

Carrie m. Charles Denendor; children: Frank, Charlie. 

Annie m Lewis R. Tarr; children: Harold, Floyd. 

Warren of Henry Lyon m. Phyzannah Norton ; children : 
Otis, Annie, Herbert, Cyrus, Edwin, Hannah. 

Otis m. Marjery Butler; children: Samuel, Annie, Ida M. 

Samuel's of Otis children : Wilfred, Herbert. 

Lillian daughter of Otis m. Wm. Harne; children: 
Alice. Lillian. 



LONGFELLOW. 



Edward Longfellow born in England in 1562. In 16-47 he 
transferred Ins house and lands to his son William, 1st. of 
Norsforth. William was born in Guisely in 1619 and m. 
Elizabeth Thornton in Calverly, Sept. 10, 1646. William, 
2nd son of William, first born in Yorkshire in 1650; came to 



GEN KA LOGY. 192 

Newbury, Mass. in 1676. Be in. Anna Sewell, a sister of 
Samuel Sewell, the 6rst Chief Justice of Massachusetts. 
In L690 Mr. Longfellow was oommissioned Ensign in Oapt. 
( Ireenleaf's ( 'ompany under Sir Win. Phipps, and whs in the 
attack <m Quebec thai year. He was drowned at Anticost. 

Lieut. Stephen Longfellow, son of Win. 2d in. Abegail 
Thompson, lived in Newbury. Stephen was great-grand- 
father to Henry W. Longfellow the Poet. Nathan, another 
son of Wm. 2d, in. Mercy Green. William 3d son of Lieut. 
Stephen, in. Hepsebeth Plummer. Prom these two, Nathan 
and William 8d descended the Longfellows of Machias. 
Win 3d hail two suns in the Battle of Bunker Hill. 
Jonathan, son of Nathan and Mercy Green Longfellow, in. 
Mercy (Mark and moved to Cornwallis, N. S. In H>77^1ie 
came to Machias, and buiH the house afterwards kepi as a 
Tavern by his son Davi . who married Olive Gooch. 
Jonathan was the firsl Justice of the Peace in Maine east of 

the Penobscot River. The Following are ((notations from 
his records : 

Lincoln Co.. Machias, .Line."). \~~t-K 
David Welch was convicted of Swearing one profane oath 
and was fined eight shillings therefor. Before me. 

.Jonathan Longfellow, .1. I ' 

Lincoln Co.. Macnias, Sept. L6th, 1 il'->. 
John Patten was convicted of a breach of the Peace for 
striking of John Watts and was lined six shillings therefor. 
Before me. 

-!i math an L< tngfelli »w, J. I ' 

Line >ln ( !< iunty. 
At a Justice's Court held at Machias in the county afore- 
said, before me. Jonathan Longfellow, Esq, one of Ids 
Majesty's Justices appointed to keep the Peace in said 
County on the 26th of Nov. 177;; David Gardner, John 
Long, Eli ph abet Adams were convicted of a breach of the 

Peace, In their own confession on board of Henry Noyi 



498 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

schooner, on the 24th of the said November and were fined 
as follows : 

The said David Gardner, £1. 0. 0. 

The said John Long, 1. 0. 0. 

The said Eliphabet Adams, 0. 15. 0. 

Cost of Court 2. 15. U. 



£h. 10. 94. 
Jonathan Longfellow. 

Lincoln, ss., Machias, June 28, 1774. 
The Joseph Averill was convicted before me, Jonathan 
Longfellow, one of His Majesty's Justices, by his own con- 
fession, of swearing one profane oath and paid a fine of four 
shillings for the same. 

Mr. Longfellow was Moderator of the first Proprietor's 
Meeting held in Machias. 

Nathan, son of Wm. 3d and Hepzibeth Longfellow, m. 
Taphenas Huntley in Machias. He was an uncle of poet 
Longfellow. 

Nathan, son of Jonathan and Mercy Clark Longfellow, 
m. Margaret Bigelow in Cornwallis, N. S. He came to 
? vA^ Machi as in 1 747_Jeaving his wife and six sons there. The 
.^next year Mrs. Longfellow started for Machias with her 
y boys, — they were captured and imprisoned at St John. 
| I'M a Her oldest son, Jacob, twelve years old, milked the jailor's 

' ^ cows for two quarts of milk daily. The milk with some 

sugar, which Mrs. Longfellow brought with her, kept them 
from starving as the rations allowed were poor and exceed- 
ingly limited. Their daughter, Betsey, m. Roswell Hitch- 
cock, father of Roswell D. Hitchcock. D. D., President of 
LTnion Seminary, New York City, one of the ablest Theo- 
logoians of his time. The family resided at Eastern Falls, 
where the senior Hitchcock worked at his trade of black- 
smith. 

Jacob, son of Nathan and Margaret Bigelow Longfellow, 
m. Taphenas daughter of Nathan and Taphenas Huntley 
Longfellow. Jacob was a prominent business man of 
Machias a long term of years ; children : Nathan, Daniel. 



^ 



494 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




Gilbert Longfellow. 



GENEALOGY. 4 '.).'» 

Abagail, William, Maw. Clark, David, Stephen, Levi. 
Lydia, Samuel, Deborah, Charles. 

Nathan of Jacob m. Susan B., daughter of Dr. Phineas 
Haskell of Northboro, Mass. Nathan carried on lumbering 

and shipbuilding twenty-live years. lie was chosen 
Representative in the State Legislature while j wt a young 
man ami was frequently elected to municipal positions. In 
1812 he volunteered as a private in Capt, Bolmes Nash's, 
Company; also served at Maohiasporl in Kurt O'Brien. 
Nathan's youngesl sun Q-eorge W. was in the West at the 
opening of the Civil War: he volunteered as a private in 
Capt. Fulton's Company 1) 30th Wisconsin Reg't. and died 
in tin 1 service. 

Nathan and Susan's children' : Gilbert, Mercy, Susan, 
William. Lucy. Andrew, George, Laura. 

Gilbert m. Hannah, daughter of David Longfellow; 
children: Charles EL., Henry W.. Gilbert, Susan, Annie 
H.. Susan. Mary S., 

Henry and Gilbert died young. 

Mary in. Rev. Allen Hastings; children: Gilbert, 
Frederick. Allen, Mary, Walter. Mr. Hastings died in 
1901. 

Gilbert's family live at Pasadenia, Cal. Charles of Gil- 
bert was educated for the ministry; has labored with 
Parishes of Congregational order in Maine and California 

Mercy m. Thomas Lindsey of Antigonish, X. S. children: 
Clara. Annie. Fred. Hat tie. 

Clara in. P. S. Archibald; children: Mamie, Peulah. 

Annie m. Leonard Archibald; children: William, 
Harriet. 

Fred unmarried; lives in Fresno, Cal. 

1 lattie m. William Robb. 

Susan in. Charles ( i I hue ; children : Mary in. Fdward 

Thaxter, Arrie in. John M. Hadley, George W. not 
married. 

William m. Josephine Blanding ; one child, Emma. 

Lucv of Nathan not married. 



496 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Andrew J. of Nathan in. Abbie Harmon; children: 
Lee W., Edith. 

Lee m. Helen Tarbell; children: Marion, Philip, Laura, 
Frances, Celia. Philip and Laura died young. 

George of Nathan died in the Civil War. 

Laura m. Charles M. Bailey, one child, Campbell. 

Daniel of Jacob m. Roena Haskell. 

Abagail m. Benjamin Getchell; children: Taphenas, 
Amelia, Samuel, Benjamin, Mercy, Charles, Levi, Stephen, 
Jackson, Sarah J., Abbie, Margaret, Joseph J. 

Taphenas m. Stephen Munson ; children: Taphenas, 
Margaret, Orrietta, Asenath, Stephen, Joseph. 

Aurilla m. Eph'm Fletcher: children: Abbie, Amanda; 
m. 2d Jedediah Fenlason ; children: Amos, Hattie, Charles. 
Taphenas, Sarah, Darius. 

Samuel m. Lorena Munson: children: Frances, Lydia; 
m. 2d Mrs. Lelia Thaxter; no children. 

Benjamin m. Sarah Pearl ; children : Alice, Thaddeus, 
Evie, Fred, Abbie, Harris. 

Mercy m. Samuel Day; children: James, Ursula, 
Lucre tia, Olive, Frank P. 

Charles m. Almira Day. 

Levi m. Jane Sprague: no children. 

Stephen J. m. Delia Gary : children : ^iYaldo, Helen, 
Jennie. 

Sarah J. m. Eben Day; children: Alice, Myra, Alice. 
Jennette. 

Abbie m. Andrew Foster; no children. 

Margaret of Abagail d. young. 

Joseph J. m. Jane Longfellow. 

James of Samuel not married. 

Ursula of Mercy m. Clark Munson ; children : Olive, 
Annie, Willard K.. Miran and Byran twins, Clara, Lewis. 

Lucretia of Mercy m. George Inmond; one child, Lena; 
m. 2nd Charles Varnum. 

Olive of Mercy m. Thomas Creamer; children: Nettie 
M. Clara M., Corris and Horace, twins, Vernal, Josephine, 
Rhoda. Sarah. 



GENEALOCY. 49] 

Frank of Meroy m. Mattie Banoroft, 
Nettie Creamer of Olive m. Harlan .limes; one child. 
Kenneth. 
Clara of Olive m. Freeman Frost ; children : Lee, Pearl. 
Annie of Ursula Munson m. Joseph Walton; live in 

Alaska. 

Olive of Ursula m. Joseph Hilton: ohildren: Soella, 
Ft hel, Laura. 

William of Jacob m. Eunice Watts; removed from 
Machias. 

Mercy, (Mark. Levi and Samuel of Jacob d. young. 

Stephen of Jacob m. Sarah Smith ; .me ohild, Sarah, died 
unmarried; in. 2nd Mrs. .lane Dorman nee ('lark; one Bon 
Stephen, died young. 

Lydia m. David G. Wilson; children: Arathusa, Lydia 
Arexzeen, Lydia. .John. Annie, Jacob. 

Arathusa m. Holmes Wass, Addison; ohildren: Louisa, 
.Jennie. Helen. .Mr. W'ass and wife died in the West. 

Lydia m. Loring Fester; (See Foster.) 

Louisa (if Arathusa m. .1. (i. Robertson; children: 
W illie. James, Jennie. 

Jennie df Arathusa m. C. II. Fay; three children. 

Helen of Arathusa m. C W. Walker ; one child, Charles. 

Arexzeen of Lydin m. Ellis M. Smith: one child. I 
H. 

Edgar m. Mary A. Holmes; no children. 

Jacob of Lydia m. Susan Lunt; children: Alice. Caro- 
line. 

Daniel Longfellow was Colonel of a Regiment of Militia. 
His danghter Eliza, took deep interest in family genealogy 
and accumulated a great deal, traditionery and written, muoh 

of which lias been L r i\en place in history. 

Deborah of Jacob m. Peter T. Harris; children: Edgar, 
Austin. I [erberl i See I [arris, i 

Charles of Jacob in. Mary Day; children: Bernice, 
Daniel, Lucy, Jacob, Augusta, Nathan. Sarah. 

Charles when last heard from was living in Kansas; horn 
in L812, living in L903. 



498 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Daniel of Jacob m. Roena Haskell; children: Eliza G., 
Phineas H. died at 23 years, Jacob, Emma 0., Levi died at 
25 years, Henry, Amanda, Arathusa, Roena. 

Jacob of Daniel m. Mary 0. Penniman; one child, Mary 
O. 

Emma 0. of Daniel m. Wm. C. Smith ; children : Silas, 
Augustus, Sarah, Charles. 

Arathusa of Daniel m. Capt. EzraL. Pattangall; children: 
William R., Ernest d., Kate H. 

Wm. R., lawyer at Machias, m. Gertrude McKenzie, 
children: Edith, Grace. 

Henry of Daniel m. Sarah, daughter of Wm. Smith; 
children: Mary R., Levi. 

Jonathan Longfellow m. Sally Boynton ; children: Sally. 
Martha, Amos B., Amasa, Lewis, Betsey, Susan. Sally not 
married. 

Martha m. Mariner G. Crocker; children : Mercy, Alvin, 
Hannah, Frank B., Susan, Newell. Mercy m. Abel Curtis; 
children: Charles, Lucy, ElwardB., Mattie, Daniel. 

Amos m. Hannah Crocker; one child, Lydia, who m. 
Isaac Heaton; Amos m. 2nd Nancy Baker; children: Aro- 
dell died young, Nancy, Hannah, Jonathan, Tristram died 
young, Harriet, Zina B. 

Amelia N. m. Henry R. Taylor; children: Annie 
Carrie, Arthur. Amos m. 2n Sophia Hunt. 

Hannah of Amos m. Jared Crane; children: Helen, 
Lottie. 

Jonathan of Amos m. Emeline Smith. (See Smith.) 

Harriet of Amos m. Silas Smith; children: Zina, 
Harold, Augustus, Helen F., Annie E., Nancy. Two old- 
est d. unmarried. Augustus m. Lois A. Wheeler. 

Helen m. Robert W. Callahan. Family lives at Brener- 
ton, Wash. Tristram and Zina of Amos d. young. 

Amasa of Jonathan m. Patience Williamson; children: 
Horatio, Melissa, A. Bigelow. 

Horatio m. Mary Dealy. 

Melissa m. Chas. J. Noyes. 

A. Bigelow m. Christie Munson. 



GENEALOGY. 499 

Lewis Longfellow, of Jonathan, in. Ann Burpee; one 
child. Henry Clay. Lewis m. 2nd Eannah Webber 
Sargent. 

Henry 0. in. Maria Thompson; children: Ella J., 
Annie, Margaret, .lean. 

Ella in. Wilberl Mallett; children: Annie. Emery. 

Annie of Henry C. in. Charles Leaeh. 

Lewis Sr's. children, 2d in. : Eliza, Harriet, Lavinia, 
Aaron, Lewis.)., Mary, Georgie B. 

Lewis J. in. Sarah P. Hill: children: Emily, Carrie, 
James \\\. Howard. 

Georgie of Lewis m. Walter H. Crqwley; children: 
Mareia. Susie. Ella, Alice, Colby, Philip". 

Susan Longfellow of Jonathan, in. .lames Lyon; m. 2d S. 
Gould Crocker; children: Julia, -lames, Henrietta, Levi; 
2d. family: Gilbert, Calista, Betsey. 

Julia in. Watts H. Bowker; children: Edwin, Annie, 
Arthur W'.. Everett. Edith. Philip Edwin in. Caroline 
I lowe ; one child, Margaret. 
Arthur W*. m. Edna Crane: children: Elizabeth, Julia. 

Everett in. Lucy Griggs; children: William, Philip 
Han, Id. 

Henrietta m. Geo. W. Campbell; children: Alvah, Julia, 
Frank. Fred L., Lottie, Nellie, Emma. 

Frank in. Edith Cmiary. 

Fred L. in. Jeanie Rodden; m. 2d Mrs. Grace W'ass 
Ingersoll ; one child, 1 [elen. 

Lottie m. Harry Sanborn ; children: Jeanie. Charles. 

James of Susan m Emma Drew: children: Susan. 
Walfert, David, Josiah, Elmer, Henrj, Laura, Charles. 
Julia, Ludluni. 

Levi in. Arabella Leighton; children: Ernest, Laura, 
Henrietta. 

Lrnest in. ( I race ( Shapin. 

Laura in. Parker Boyden ; children : Lawrence. Harvey. 

Henrietta m. Seldou Allen; one child, Lois. 

Gilbert of Susan in Martha Wright; children: \\<~\ 

vill»'. Harold, Carroll, Plorenoe, Gilbert, Louis. 



500 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Melville m. Julia Allen; children: Catharine, Marion. 

Calista m. John E. Harmon; children: Orris V., 
Ernest. 

Orris m. May Burrows. 

Betsey of Jonathan m. Josiah Flagg; children: all died 
young. She m. 2d Charles W. Vose. (See Vose. ) 

Isaac of Jonathan m. Polly, daughter of Amos Boynton; 
children: Eri, Mary, Hannah, Addie d. young, Cynthia, 
Geo. Handy, Margaret, Samuel, Gates. 

Eri m. Jane Stuart; children: Edwin, Isaac, Charles. 
Mary J., Lucinda, John, Daniel, Irene. 

Edwin m. Agnes Brown; children: Fannie, Emily, 
Lizzie, July, Edvvina. Harry. Emily m. Ira Crocker of 
Portland; children: Carl, Frank, 'Harry, Helen. 

Lizzie m. Dr Henry H. Smith; children: Agnes, 
Philip. 

Julia m. Dr. H. H. Smith; 2nd wife; no children. 

Edwina m. Howard Littlefield; children: Howard, 
Thayer. 

Harry of Edwin m. ; one child, Helen. 

Mary of Isaac m. George Burnham; children: Sanford, 
Susan, Mary, Caroline, Margaret, Cyrene, Hattie, Martha. 

Sanford m. Aclelaine Crane; children : Cyrus, Ella. Etta. 
Frank. 

Cyrus m. Mrs. Merceda McKeown. 

Ella m. Rev. E. M. Cousins; children: John died, Irene, 
Mary, Edgar, Herbert, Sanford. 

Etta m. Mank; children: Ella died, Walter, Laura. 

Frank m. Campbell. (See Burnham.) 

Hannah m. Gridley Thaxter. (See Thaxter.) 

Addi of Isaac d. young. 

Cynthia m. Caleb Crocker; m. 2nd H. G. Crocker. 

Geo. Handy m. Mercy Drisko of Columbia; m. 2nd 
Nancy Merritt of Addison ; children: Augustus, Josephine, 
George, Isaac, Edward, Ellis, Abbie, Frederic. Mary, 
Bayard, Ralph, Minnie. 

Margaret of Isaac m. Isaac P. Ham; m. 2nd Coffin 



GENEALOGY. 5 () 1 

Smith: qo ohildren : Samuel m. Mary Pennell; children: 

Alice. Isaac I'.. 

A lice in. Win. P. Burr of Brewer. 

Isaac I', in. Adilic Wilder: .me son, Dr Winshcv 

Longfellow. Samuel m. 2d Dora Pennell; one child 
Flora; in. 2d Rev. M. B Townsend. Nine <>f Samuel's 
eleven children died \ oung. 

Dr. Winslow, son of I. P. Longfellow, is practicing in 
Philadelphia; a graduate of the Medical School "I' thai 
city. 

Gates Longfellow of Isaac m. Statira Smith: children: 
Alphonzo, Alonzo, Alberto, Roseltha, Oalista, Lottie, 
Alvarado, Lee G. , Etfie M., Vinal W. .May. Alonzo and 
May died young. 

Alphonzo in. Augusta Crowley; children: Gertrude, 
Carl. 

Gertrude m. (diaries II. Bowen; children: Frederick A.. 
Malcolm M. 

Carl m. .Malid Folk, one child, Donald. 

Alvarado of Gates m. Kate Mulally; children: Mary, 
Ren a, Ruby, ( rates, Tom. 



LYNCH. 

John r- . Lynch, a native of Harrington, was born .May 
9th, I s !'). bod of John and Maria Moore Lynch. His 
grandfather, Win Lynch, came t<> Harrington from New 
Boston, X. 11.. married Ann, daughter of Jabez Dorman, 
the hitter, one of the lirst settlers of the Narraguagus Valley 
17»'>.~). John F. Lynch's mother was daughter <>t' General 
Samuel Moore, who was a son of Roberi Moore, a soldier of 
the Revolution Samuel Moore was prominent in military 
and political affairs. In L832 '34 he was member of Gov. 
Dunlap's < '< ancil; County Commissioner several years 

Col. Lynch's parents became residents of Cherryfield in 
his early childhood, where he waseducated in the Bchools of 
the town and Cherryfield Academy, also in the office <>f 



502 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Charles P. Brown ; admitted to the Bar in Washington Co. ; 
soon after formed partnership with Hon. Geo. Walker, then 
of Machias, ever since 1875 of Portland, — the firm lasting 
five years. Since that time he has continued the practice of 
law in Machias, sustaining himself; a prominent and 
popular member of the Bar. 

Mr. Lynch was elected member of the Legislature from 
Machias in 1875. In 1897 he was on Governor Garcelon's 
Staff as Commissary General, which gave him title of 
Colonel. In 1884 also in 1886 he was Democratic candidate 
for Congress. He was appointed Collector of Customs by 
the President in 1887 holding his commission four years. 

In 1872 Mr. Lynch married Miss Mary E. Lewis of 
Cherryfield ; children : C. Lewis, M. Louise, Jay Roy. 
Mrs. Lynch died March 1881. He married second Miss 
Abbie E. Putnam of Boston, July, 1895. His daughter. 
Louise, married David W. Campbell, 2nd, Cherryfield, 
June, 1903. 



McNEIL. 

(The following is a contribution by Miss Maude S. 
Damon, a teacher in Thorpe. Wis. ) 

John MacNeil, wife and at least one child, Jane, 15 
years old, emigrated from Londonderry, Ireland to the U. 
S., probably settled in Machias, soon after arrival. They 
were of Scotch descent. John MacNeil was killed in the 
battle of Margaretta. 1775. 

Jane MacNeil married Capt. Daniel Swett of New Hamp- 
shire, who had settled in Machias about the time of the 
Rev. War, or soon after. After their marriage they moved 
to Plantation, No. 1, now Perry, Maine, being the second 
permanent settlers at Perry, where they took up a farm in 
the forest, now known as Gleason's Cove. After settling 
at the Cove, Capt. Swett retired from the sea and kept what 
w y as known in those days as "Swett's Tavern." It was a 
sort of half way house between Eastport, Robbinston, Me., 
and St. Andrews, N. B. 



GENEALOGY. 



503 




John F. Lynch. 



GENEALOGY ">04 

Capt Daniel Swetl died al Portsmouth, X. II . while on 
a visil to his native state. 

Jane .McNeil Swett married a second time a man by the 
name of "West by. She died at Perry in 18— . 

The children of .lane MaoNeil and Capt. Swett were: 
-lane, Lydia, Rachel, Eunice, Mary Ann. Sarah. Benjamin, 
Elmira, Daniel, Susannah, Nathaniel and two more 
children who died when young. 

•lane m. John Norwood of Moose Island and raised a 
family. 

.Man Ann in. John (Jrant of St. Andrews; raised a 
family of thirteen children : Adelaide and Adeline, twins. 
Augusta, Fred. Elmira are the names of some of the 
children. A number of the Grant boys went to Chicago 
and are among Chicago's wealthy citizens. Adelaide 

married a Cookson and Adeline married a Bradford of St. 

Andrews. 

Lydia m. John I). Gibson of Weare, N. H. •. children: 
Ann. Lydia, Lucius. Caroline, Andrew. George, John, 

Laura. 

Sarah m. John Dudley of New Hampshire; children: 
Lydia, Ann. John. They liver! in Waite, Me. 

Elmira m. Gordon Johnson of St. Andrews: children: 
Mary. Willie, Robinson. Susannah, burn Aug. ^'>. 1800, 
m. about l^_!2to Cant. Joseph Clark of North Lubec, which 
at that time was called Seward's Neck. Capt. Clark was 
one of the earlieel settlers, one of the first selectmen, and 
also helped survey the r< ads of Lubec. 

To this marriage ten children were born: Diana. Lavinia, 
Joseph, Eliza A.. Eunice L., Andrew, Susan S . Jesse A . 
Two died in infancy. Diana m. Capt. Jabez M. Tike of 
bid ice in 1 852. 

They made their home in Lubec where Mrs. Like died. 

To them were born Beven children: Jacob 0. Mary K . 

Bion M . Susannah S.. Jabez M .. Chester anot her boy died 
in infancy. Jacob Pike married Mary Tucker of Lubec; 
children: Sumner. Julius, deceased. Marjorie, Mi 

.Mirer. 



505 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



Mary Pike unmarried, teacher, Manchester, N. H. 

Bion Pike' m. Linnie B. Davis of Lubec; children: 
Albion, Evelyn, Carleton. 

Susannah S. Pike m. Dr. A. W. French of Minneapolis, 
Minn., and resides in that city. 

Jabez Pike, Jr. m. Mary Parker of Lubec; children: 
Harold, Roscoe. 

Chester Pike m. Lottie Avery of North Lubec; children: 
Doris D., Frank. 

Lavinia Clark m. in 1850, Capt. John Webber of West 
Lubec; one child. Alice G. Capt. Webber died in Boston 
in 1853. Mrs. Webber then in. James T. Avery of Lubec 
in 186i4; children: Jennie, John. Mrs. Avery died in 189 — . 

Alice Webber m. John W. Dinsmore of Whiting, Me. ; 
and lived in Boston; children: Eva A., Edna Gr. 

Eva m. Louis E. Billings of Dorchester, Mass. ; one child. 

Jennie Avery m. Fred C. Kennedy of Lubec, live in 
Barre Plains, Mass.; children: Florence, Bessie, Alice, 
Gerald. 

John m. Annie of Novia Scotia; live in Dorchester, 

Mass : one child, Marion. 

Joseph Clark in. Mary Coggins of North Lubec; 
children : Almeda, Fred. 

Almeda m. Albion Lamson of Lubec; children: Marcia, 
Duffy. 

Fred m. Annie . 

Eliza Clark unmarried, lives in Boston. 

Eunice Clark m. Loring Small of Lubec in 1858, died in 
189 — : children: Elmer, Cora, Herbert, LaFayette, Eunice, 
Vinnie. 

Elmer in. Alice Lord of Deer Island and they live in Port 
Townsend, Wash. 

Cora in. John Black of Lubec; children: Iva. Ethel, 
Marion. 

Herbert m. and has one child. 

LaFayette m. and his three children. 

Eunice m. Joseph Francis of N. Lubec. 



GENEALOGY. 506 

Yinnie in. Isaac Shaw of Eastport. They live in Perry; 

one child. Erene M . 

Andrew Clark was drowned when sixteen years did in the 
Bay of ( lhaleur, ( 'anada. 

Susan Swett Clark in. Joseph S. Damon of Charlotte, 

.Maine. Aug, L9, I S .V) •. lived in Luliee until 1 869 when they 

moved to Wisconsin and finally settled at Spencer, Wis.-. 
children: Fred P., Andrew A.. Florence A.. Andrew A.. 
Jabez 1\. Maude S. 

Fred F. in. Jennie Leonard of Spencer, live at Athens. 
Wis.-, children: Leonard, Addie, Fred. Harold, Susie. 
John. Sarah. Fremont, Jesse. 

Andrew A. in. Carrie Heath of Spencer., lives in Spencer; 
children: Ina. Fayette, Frank, Carrie. Glen and Grant, 
twn s. Seth. Ethel. 

Florence A. in. William 1). Acherman of Whitewater. 
Wis.-. They live in .Marinette. Wis.: children: Genevieve, 
Carroll, J>>e M. 

dahe/ I', in. Minnie Wendell of Spencer, Wis. They 
live in Laurel. M : ssissi ppi ; one child, Paul. 

Maude Susan unmarried, teacher of the Grammar De- 
partment of the Thorpe, Wis. High School. 

•Jesse (dark in. Ada Buckings of North Lubeo; children: 
Andrew and Leslie of Portland, Maine, and Mildred. 

Benjamin Sweti in. and lived in Beddeford, Me.-, after- 
wards moved to Manchester. X. 11.. had a large family. 

Eunice Sweti m. Robinson Lincoln of Perry, Me.-. 
children: John, AugUsta, Susan. Annie. John died. 

Augusta in. Jethro P. Xutt of Perry. 

Susan in Pressley Brown; one child. J. M. Brown of 
I )etroit. 

Silvan died. 

Annie in. Pressley Brown and lives in Massachusetts. 

The following bj Mrs E G. McNeil gives additional in- 
terest to descendants of John McNeil. 

"John McNeil was killed in the battle of the Margaretta. 
His widow m. a Mr. Bagley, who followed the sea. Be 
sailed from Deer island or Eastport on a voyage and was 



507 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

never heard from : probably vessel and all lost at sea. She 
m. 3d a Mr. Fountain. 

When her first husband was killed she was left with three 
children, John, Jane and Betsey. The issue of the Bagley 
marriage was one child; also one, a son by Fountain. The 
son of Bagley lived in Eastport, married and had a family. 
The son James Fountain, lived on Deer Island, N. B. : 
probably not married. 

John McNeil's oldest daughter, Jane, m. Daniel Swett of 
(iilmanton, N. H. They settled at Terry at what is known 
as Gleason's Point. The family lived in Perry many years 
and raised twelve children: Jane, Daniel, Betsey, Sarah. 
Nancy, Mary A., Susan, Benjamin. Lydia. Eunice. Almira 
and Izetta, twins. 

Jane m. Samuel Norwood, a fisherman and farmer. 

Capt. Daniel m. Rachel Loring, he followed the sea . 
children : Benjamin. Rachel, Lydia. Daniel. Capt. D. 
Swett died in Boston. / 

Betsey of Daniel m. Eliphalet Olmstead, a blacksmith, 
lived at Perry on a farm; children: Charles. Eliphalet. 
Lewis, Hannah, Elmira. Jessie, Martin. 

Sarah of Daniel in. John Dudley of Raymond, N. H., 
blacksmith and lumberman; built a saw mill at Perry, and 
was a pioneer on the Houlton Road in 1832: his oldest 
daughter is author of this history of the McNeil's. 

Sarah and John's children: Eliza. Nancy, Lydia A.. 
Sarah, Susan, A. Jackson, John. 

Nancy m. Peter Folsom of Harmony, Me. ; children : 
Louise, Peter, Emeline. 

Mary A. of Peter Folsom m. John Grant, a ship builder 
at St. Andrews, N. B. ; children: Almira. Daniel. Mary 
A., John. Eliza. Emeline. Adelaide. Fred. James. 

-James keeps a restaurant in St. Andrews. 

Susan Swett m. Joseim Clark, of Lubeo: children : 






Dianna, Joseph W., Eliza, Susan^ Jessie. - 

Benjamin m. Elsie Shannon, Cilmanton, N. H. He d. 
at Ware near Grotfstown ; children: Celistia, Eliza, Daniel, 
Nathaniel. Alma. 



<;hM \i OGY. 

Lydia m. John I). Gibson of Bucksport; children: 

Ann. Andrew. Lydifl Lucius. George, John, Caroline. Mr 
Gibson was a carder and clothier; he and his wife died in 
Perry. 

Eunice in. Robbinson Lincoln; children: Martha. 
Mai on, Augusta, Susan, Annie. 

Almirain. Gordon Johnson, a ship carpenter; ohildren: 
Mary, William. Rubinson, Zetta d. in infancy. 

Jane an I Samuel Norwood's children: Jane. [zette, 
Elizabeth, Samuel, Abagail, John, Daniel. Mary. 



MESERVE. 

Joseph, 2d son of Daniel and Susanna Small Meserve, m. 
Betsey Burn ham; children: L'ermelia, Joseph. Eliza, 
George. Ularrisa, Charles. Susan,- 'Gideon,' Foster. 

Permelia m. Solomon .Meserve-. children: (I* 
Elizabeth, Lewis. Sarah. 

Joseph in. Lli/.a Waterhouse; one child. Oscar, 

Eliza m. Nathan Poster; children: Win. and Francis, 
twins, both living, Sarah, Antoinette, George, Charles, 
Gilbert. 

George m. Eliza Averill; one child, Frank. 

Clarrisa m. Haskell Whitney; children: Mary Ann. 
( la- a. -Jose] ih, Susan ! [enrietta. 

Joseph m. Mary Thompson; children: Charles, Clara. 
Lucy m 2d Eliza Kingsley; children: Ida. Harry. 
< ! i ace, Fi ank, Maude, Lottie. 

Susan in James McCabe; children: Ella, Josie, Ralph. 

Henrietta m. Capt. Elijah Eaton of Harrington; 
children: Winslow, Charles, Corris, Sadie. 

Winslow in. . 

Charles m. Cole; children: Winslow, Hazel, 

1 1 .. < '■ i 
Corris in. Arnold Higgins, two children. 

( 'harles in. Lucy \ . | )a\ ; no children. 

Susan m. James Thompson ; children: Emma, Lizize, 
Everett, Foster, Ira 



509 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Gideon m. Isabel Clendennin; children: Charles, Grace. 

Foster, son of Joseph m. Mary Densmick; no children. 

Foster Thompson of Susan m. Laura V. Gould; children: 
Ray F., Lucy L., James B., Frank G., Carl J. 

Mary A. Whitney of Clarrisa m. Ludlow Crocker: one 
child, Lois. 

Clara Whitney of Joseph m. Dell Hodgdon; children: 
Victor, Joseph. 

Lucy of Joseph m. Arthur Tupper; one child, Arthur. 

Emma Thompson of Susan m. Ephraim Schoppee; no 
children. 

Lizzie of Susan m. Octavus Watts: children: Henry, 
Irving, Sarah. Emma. 

Everett of Susan m. Sarah Gould: children: Ralph, 
Percie, Elizabeth. 

Ira of Susan m. Sarah Thompson; children: Harold, 
Grace. 

Win. m, Pamelia Burnham; children: William. Me- 
hitable, Mary, Emily, Rebecca John, Harriet, Jere O'B., 
Deborah. James. John H. 

Wm. m. Sophronia Ackley of Whiting; children: 
William. Pamelia. 

Mehitable m. Jere O'B. Burnham; children: Elizabeth. 
Rebecca. Harriet, Curtis. 

Mary d. unmarried. 

Emily in. Wm. Burnham; children: Pamelia, Frances, 
Mary E., Leverett, Lucretia, John, Alice. Laura. 

Rebecca. John. Jeremiah d. young. 

Harriet m. Benj. Robinson: one child. Abbie. 

Deborah m. Zenas Wheeler: no family. 

. ianies L. m. Ellen J. Gardner of E. Machias: children: 
Emily, Fannie. Edwin 

John in. Eineline Townsend, E. Machias: one child, 
Caroline; m. 2nd Mary Townsend; children: Charles, 
Mary, Emeline. Hattie. George T. 



M OGY. 



510 



MORSE. 

Samuel A. Morse, aative of Clinton, N. V.. b. April. 
L783, oame to Machias l s n^. m. Abagail, daughter of Gideon 
O'Brien, born Nov. 17 s :;: children: Delia, Caroline, 
Laura, Emma, Samuel A .. Maria, Amelia. Mary, Napoleon B. 

Delia m. I )r. Robert Wood. 

Caroline m. Erastus Willard. 

Emma m. < l-e . Peabody. 

Laura m. Rev. Stephen D. Ward. 

Mary m. Samuel Burbank. 

Samuel A. m. Christiana Milliken. 

Maria m. Dr. E. B off man. 

Amelia and Napoleon d. unmarried. 

Emma m. Geo. Peabody ; one ohild Emma d. young. 
Samuel and Christiana Morse's children : Maria, Jessie, 
Frank, Samuel 

Samuel A. Morse Jr. d. in 1854; his widow d. Oct. v th. 
1876. 

Mar] and Samuel Burbank'e children: Mary A.. 
Samuel. Roberta, ( Jaleb, Robert. 

Samuel A. son of- S. A. Morse dr.. m. Jessie Godfrey; 
children: Susan, Dorothy. Richard. 

Maria of S. A. dr.. m. Henry Dix; children: 
Christiana, Beulah. 

Jessie of S. \. Morse Jr., m. Soule; one child, 

llelmi 



MjCABE. 

James McCabe, of Scotch ancestry, waa born in Ireland 
near Belfast, Dec 24, L799, son of John and Alice Taylor 
McCabe. His father died when he was thirteen; his oldest 
brother John was keeping a large tailoring establishment in 

Belfast, and at the death of their father John induced .lames 
to live with him and learn the tailor's trade. James was 

placed on the big table in oompany with others, and com. 
menced to learn to sew. This did not suit him, too (dose 



ftll HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

confinement His mother's brother, James Taylor, took him 
to his farm, where he was contented among the horses and 
farm stock. He remained here until drafted for the army, 
and was sent to the East Indies where he remained until his 
time was out. Returning to his home he expressed desire 
to go to America A short time later he was passenger on a 
sail vessel landing at St. John, N. B. As immigrants were 
wont to do he walked to Pembroke, Me. He settled here 
and married Mary A. Dougherty of Pembroke. In 1864 he 
moved with his family to Machias ; children: James. Alice, 
John, Henry, Matilda, James, Wm. Humphrey, Raymond, 
Mary E., Sarah E., Alfred H., Isabel, Thomas W. 



MARSTON. 

The Marston's of New England report themselves as of 
German descent, emigrating from Germany to England in 
1066. The first one to come to New England was Robert, 
settling in Salem, Mass., 1683. "Wm. the Conqueror." 
gave to "John the Mariner" a large state called "Marston's 
Moor." 

Nathaniel Marston. son of Robert, b. in Salem, July 4th. 
1807, came to Machias in 1800. He was employed by and 
with General John Cooper in surveying land, etc. His 
house stood quite near if not on the same lot where Hotel 
Clare now is. General Cooper gave him choice of a tract of 
land in the township of Cooper or in the Kennebec 
(Machias) district; he choose the latter and moved on to 
his farm of 300 acres, a part of the tract, where he lived 
the rest of his days. He d. Dec. 21, 1863 aged 83. 
Nathaniel and sons owned 1,500 acres of land (300 being his 
homestead) on the West shore of Kennebec River: also 
several small islands adjacent to his lands on the main. 

Nathaniel m. Lydia Reynolds in 1804; children: David, 
Nathaniel, Elizabeth, Eliphalet, John, Mary. Ezekiel, Lydia, 
Dorcas, Isabella. 

David m. Mary Cummings. 1831, settled on the paternal 



GENEALOGY. 512 

homestead, farmer and lumberman; children: Annette, 
Lizzie Annie, Addie, Blemena, Leander, Enoch, Lauren. 

Annette m. Vina] Bryant. 

Lizzie in. Charles I [all. 

Annie in. Levi Lovell. 

Addie m, ( Ictavus Watts. 
Blemena m < M is Smith. 
Leander in. Sarah Whitehead. 

En< ich in. Amelia Davis. 

Lauren m. Alice Cummings. 

Nathaniel of Nathaniel m. Rebecca Phinney; children: 
Sarah m Loring Marston, Judith in. Samuel Foss, John 
nut married, Elmira m. Henry Davis. 

John uf Nathaniel in. Hannah Bowers; children: Marietta, 
Loring, Frank. Josephine, Lorenzo, Hattie, Nehemiah. 

Ezekiel of Nathaniel m. Annie Davis; children: Emily, 
Mary, Ezekiel, Sarah. 

L auder of David m. Sarah Whitehead; live in Boston; 
children: Freddie, Mina. Grace, Mabel, Nellie, Addie, 

Florence. 

Enoch of David m. Amelia Davis, she d. in 1M'.<2; 
children: Maud. Norman. Annie. David, Lucinda, 
Frances, Edna, Gifford. 

Enoch at twenty one went to Boston, a mason by trade, 
worked five years, returned to Ids father's homestead in 
Maeliias. lived twenty-five years; removed to Boston again, 
belonging to the firm of Marston Bro's., masons and 
builders. 

Lauren of David, member of above linn in Boston, native 
of Maehias, l>. in 1816 went to Minn, in IS'27. After one 
year returned to Jonesport ; in 1894 moved with his family 
to Boston, a member of the firm, Marston Bro's. ; in. Alice 
Cummings of Jonesport; children: Bernard, Myrtle, 
Willie. Merlie. 

Norman, bod of Enoch, ninth generation from "John the 

Mariner." went t.> Boston when young, learned bricklayers' 

trade: m. Loreta Adlnm. Middleton, Conn.; ■me child 
David, died in infancy, live in Dorchester. 



513 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

The descent of the family from the German, viz. — 
"John the Mariner" is by James, son of James, son of 
Manasseh, son cf Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel who came to 
Machias, father of David, Nathaniel, Ezekiel and others. 

Nathaniel of Machias was noted for his great strength and 
alertness of action ; his services and labor were appreciated 
on account of his fortitude and endurance. 



Morris O'Brien, native of Cork, Ireland, born in 1715, 
came to America in 1740; m. Mary Keen, native of Kittery, 
born in 1719, died at Machias. 1805. Morris first settled at 
Dunstan's Corner, Scarboro; probably became a resident of 
Scarboro in 1741 ; was a tailor by trade and kept his shop 
at the Corner. The County Records show that he bought 
land, his first piece of real estate, prior to 1763, as he then 
mortgaged land to "Charles W. Apthorp, being the same 
"I bought of John Milliken." 

Early in the year 1765 Morris O'Brien and two sons, 
Jeremiah and John, then of age, and four sons, minors, and 
three daughters, nine children in all, moved from Scarboro 
to Machias. This year, 1765, Morris and his Sons built a 
mill on the South shore of the Falls, which was known as 
the Dublin, the name adhering to all mill property on the 
same site to the present time. 

Morris O'Brien became an active and valuable citizen, 
enterprising and patriotic. In 1778 he subscribed £2. 10. 
towards the salary of Rev. James Lyon. He died in 1799. 

Miss Keen's father was a sea Captain, sailing from Ports- 
mouth, N. H. ; his home was in Portsmouth or Kittery. 
Capt Keen died in England; was taken suddenly sick with 
oholic; a physician was called, who gave medicine and. 
directed that the Captain be not allowed to sleep, which the 
mate neglected to attend to. Capt. Keen died on his vessel 
not being aroused or being conscious again. Mary, his 
only child, was born after his death. Her mother died 
when she was quite young and Mary was reared by her 



GENEALOGY. 514 

aunt, a Mrs. Barter or Barker who lived in Kittery; she 

was then thrown upon tier own resources at an early age. 

Children of Morris and Mary O'Brien: Jeremiah, John, 
Martha. Joanna, William. Gideon, Mary, Joseph, Dennis. 

Morris and Mary's children were all horn in Scarboro. 
The six sons, and two probably all three sons in law were in 
the battle of Margaretta. Morris the father, was anixous to 
join his son's Company ami staid at home on the admonition, 
— "It will not do to have the whole family endangered." 

John O'Brien born in Scarboro L750, died in Brunswick, 
May 8, 1832. He married Eannah, daughter of Richard 
Tappan of Newburyport, in 17 ( J9. she horn 1756, died l s i! , i'. 
children: Hannah. Mary. Marcia, John Morris. .Jeremiah, 
Richard M. died in infancy; Richard M. died at sea a young 
man. 

Mary ra. Robert IS. Dunning of Brunswick; the\ had 
eleven children, only thre were living in l s '.i7 no further 
record. 

Marcia m. Jeremiah Chaplain I). 1).. native of Rowley, 
Mass., graduate of Brown University, 1799, President of 
Waterville College, Me., 1822, l 1 -:::;. he also officiated as 
Pastor while in Waterville. He preached in different 
places; died in Rowley, L841. Two of his sons were John 
O'Brien Chaplain, a graduate of Colby, L825, Professor in 
(Columbia College, I) C. ; died at Conway, Mass. Dec. 
1827. Jeremiah Chaplain, ,h\. graduated at Colby, l s :>. 
Professor in a Theological (School in 8. C. pastor of Baptist 
church, Bangor, Me., 1MI '46 ; afterwards at Dedham and 
Newton, Mass. 

John Morris of John, born 1786, graduated at Bowdoin 
College, I s ' if, in the First Class; studied law with Chief 
Justice Parsons, Newburyport. He practiced law in 
several ] laces ami finally settled in Brunswick in 1845, died 
there Dec. 1865 he married late in life but left no children. 

Jeremiah of John, born in L790, died in St. Louis. Mo . 
Sept. 1866. Hem. Rutb Bradbury ; one child, a daughter, 

married and lives in M iss« niri 



515 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Richard Morris, second son of John by his name died a 
young man at sea. 

Hannah, eighth child of John, m. Joseph O'Brien of 
Philadelphia; she died in 1870. 

Martha of Morris, born at Scarboro, 1752, died afcMachias, 
March, 1805; m. Daniel Elliot; children: Daniel, Isabella, 
Mary, Simon, Frank, James; m. 2nd Ladwick Holway ; 
children: Martha, William, John. 

Martha m. Alexander Nichols, Cherryfield. 

William m. Mary Libby. 

John m. Leoniece Crocker ; children : Wm. C, Elizabeth, 
Ladwick, Ellen "C, Harriet, Martha. 

William m. Catharine C. Smith; children: Samuel, 
Leoniece, Catharine. 

Samuel m. Agnes Chase; children: Lois, Katharine, 
Mary, William. 

Catharine m. G. Harry Harper. 

Ladwick of John m. Helen J. Crocker; children: Lewis, 
Gertrude. 

Elizabeth m. A. G. Peabody; children: Lucy, Susan, 
Nellie. 

Harriet m. Alexander Chadbourne; children: Martha, 
Lincoln. 

Martha m. A. Chadbourne, 2d. wife. 

Joanna of Morris m. Benjamin Balch, in Scarboro, 
March 1765; children: Thomas, Benjamin, Mary, John, 
William, Joanna, Martha, Hannah, Horatio, Jeremiah, J. 
Ripley. 

Thomas and Benjamin we find no record. 

Mary m. Benjamin Garland. 

John lived in Bangor in 1807; m. Susan ; she died 

May 25, 1852, aged 72. John moved from Bangor to 
Bailey's Mistake in the town of Trescott in 1823. Two of 
his sons, Hiram and John, who succeeded their father, were 
enterprising men, engaged in trade, lumbering and ship- 
building in Trescott. 

Martha of Benjamin m. Hackett and they were 

parents of Prof. Horatio Hackett of Newton, Mass. 



OKNKAI.OOY. 



516 



John's sons, Hiram at Bailey' a Mistake and John .Jr.. 
at Moose River, both districts in the town of Trescott, con- 
tinued their Father's business trade, lumbering and vessel 
building'. 

After the death of Hiram's wife he wenl to Calais where 
he died. He had two sons. Augustus and Benjamin, the 
former went to California and died there. Biram had three 
daughters: Hannah. Harriet. Mary. 

Hannah m. Abner McFadden. 

Harriet in. Albert Fickett of Portland. 

Mary in. Samuel Lamson, lived and died in Trescott. 

Horatio of Benjamin was a physician ; settled at Bangor 
in 1M02. It was said of him that he was "The first resident 
doctor and praoticed with good reputation and suooess." 
Also, that "He was a gentleman of popular manners and 
respectable professional skill, but with strong inclination 
for political honors. " He was Town Clerk, Selectman and 
School Committee; also Post Master 1805-1810. In 1806 
he was Representative to Genera] Court. He moved from 
Bangor to Lubsc in 1810; sent to the General Court. 
Representative from Lubec in 1818. He was appointed 
Sheriff of Washington Co. in duly. 1820, an office he held 
for ten years. Probably he resided at Marinas. (East 
River, ) a part of the time while Sheriff. He in. Rhoda, 
daughter of Col. Samuel Dutton of Bangor, 1805 , she died 
at Bast Maehias. Dae. 16, 1825. He m. 2d Mrs. Harriet 
McLellan of Portland, Feb. l s _7. He died in Lubeo, Oct. 
19, 1849 aged 72. His children were, Harriet C. Horatio, 
James K. No record except the two sons emigrated to 
California. 

Jeremiah O'B. Baloh of Benjamin, was at om- time a 
resident cf Bangor or near by vicinity, He was a resident 
of Maehias (East Falls,) in l v _f. He published the 
Eastern star. Bret Dumber issued in Deoember, 1824 The 
paper was discontinued aftei the second volume, probably 
in L8SS5, for want of sustaining patronage. Sometime be- 
tween 1827 and l v :;i> Mr Baloh and family, wife and four- 
teen children, arrived at Bailey's Mistake, in Trescott in 



51 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



a small vessel coming from the Penobscot Kiver. A Mr. 
Lamson had a small mill there for sawing lumber, and Mr. 
Balch bought the mill, where he manufactured lumber and 
did some farming. 

The entire family went to other parts of the country. 

Jeremiah O'B. Balch m. Sarah his cousin, daughter of 
Jacob Penniman of Machias, Feb. 1817 ; she died in Leroy, 
N. Y., Sept. 2, 1826. The family or a part of them went to 
Western N. Y. in 1826. 

William O'Brien, of Morris, born in Scarboro, lived a 
few years in Machias and in 1778 or '79 settled at New bury - 
port, Mass. ; married April 23, 1780 Lydia Clarkson Tappan, 
widow of Amos Tappan of that town. During the first years 
of the Revolution he sailed with his brother John as Lieut, 
in the naval service of the Colonial Government. in the 
latter part of 1784 he is found Master of a merchant ship 
bound to some European port. Mrs. O. W. Mansfield of 
Boston, a great granddaughter writes, "My great grand 1 
father, Wm. O'Brien, died in Bilboa, Spain, or some t wn 
near Bilboa in 1784." The Records show that John 
O'Brien was administrator of William's estate and sold land 
in Machias, March 31, 1787. for $105. 

William and Lydia had one child named Lydia, — she in. 
John Hale of Rochester, N. H. ; they had five children, the 
oldest being John P. Hale, born in 1806; graduated from 
Bowdoin College in 182/, died November, 1873. He was a 
leader among the politicians of New Hampshire several 
years; — represented his State in the U. S. Senate two 
terms. A sister of John P. Hale m. Ex. U. S. Senator, 
Wm. E. Chandler. 

Gideon O'Brien of Morris, born Jan. 14. 1746, settled 
at Machias in 1765 married Miss Abagail Tupper, native of 
Lebanon, Conn., born March 20, 1749. Gideon built his 
house on the lot on Dublin Hill, the same occupied by the 
Baptist Church since 1872. Their children, Mary, Martha, 
Jeremiah, John, William, Abagail, Joanna. Hannah. 
Rebecca, Cynthia. 

Mary m. Jacob Penniman of Machias: a native of Ded- 



|,OCY. 



518 




William O'Brien. 



519 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




Jeremiah O'Brien. 



■ } u ogv. 520 

ham, Mass!; children: Sarah who m. Jeremiah O'B. Balofa ; 
Win. F. in. Olive Crooker, Bhe died in L 868 aged 70; he died 
in L874aged 90. Mary and Moses were daughter and Bon of 
Jaoob. Hannah of Jacob in. James E. Hatheway; children: 
Mary. Julia, Emma, .lames: Marj in. John Nichols, one 
child, Edgar, diedyoung; m. 2nd Henry 0. Brown; Julia 
and Eniina died young. James m. Prances Leigh ton; 
children: William Julia m. Morris Barker; children: 
Ursula, Herbert. 

Ursula of Jacob died in I s aged s '_! 

Martha of Jacob died in Machias, 1865. 

Jeremiah of Gideon, boru in 177 s ; Senator from Wash- 
ington County, l s '^l 24; Representative »n Congress 
L825 L829, member of the State Legislature 1832 L834. 
He married Miss Elizabeth Pope <>f Dorchester, Mass.; 
1^1 i ; children: John < i . . William. Joanna died in infancy, 
Mary E., ETarriet, Joseph, John, William. Abagail, Joanna, 
H mnah, Rebecca, ( \ nth ; a. 

John G. graduated from Bowdoin College, \^'->\. Hi- 
studied taw three years in the office of Mr. Baird, Reading, 

Pa. and was drownud at sea OU paS8age Imiiie to Machias the 

I being wreoked. 

William entered Bowdoin College, l s :i~>; died 1836. 

Mary E. m. Rev. Henry F. Harding, 1856; children: 
Bessie in. John Washburn of Minneapolis; Henry m. 
Elizabeth March ; children : Harriet, Marj B. Carroll E. 
graduated at Bowdoin College L881; m. Alice Philbrook; 
children: Weston O'B., Carroll, .Mary. Dorothy. 
Episcopal clergyman, living in Balitmore, Md, Harriet 
il. at 22, Florence of Mary E. uol married, Harriet in. 
George Walker. 1851. (See Walker, i 

William of Gideon, born in I7 s l\ in. Mary Lincoln of 
Boston, 1811; children: one son died young, one daughter 
who married Rev. Dr. Planders of Beverly, M 

Abagail of Gideon m. Samuel A. Morse, Nov. 1806, a 
native of Clinton, X. Y.. born in 17 s :;. died in Maohiaa in 
L862. 



5'21 HISTORY OF MAC HI AS. 

Joanna of Gideon,, born in 1785; died m 1820. 

Hannah, born in 1789, died in 1794. 

Rebecca born 1791, m. Dea. Peter Talbot of East Machias, 
his second wife; died in 1867. 

Cynthia born in 1792; died 1811. 

Joseph of Jeremiah, born in 1828; graduated from 
Bowdoin College in 1848, studied law, was engaged in 
lumbering and shipbuilding m. Miss Mary E. Staples of 
Machias; children: one son died in infancy; daughter 
Josephine m. Fred I. Campbell, Cherryfield ; children r 
Morris O'B., Mary E., Colin J.. Frances D., Philip L.. 
Marcia B., Sarah S. 

Morris born in 1888, is a student in Bowdoin College. 

Joseph died in 1869. 

Mary O'Brien of Morris, m. Job Burnham ; children: 
Patty, Polly. Rebecca, Elizabeth. Joanna, Jeremiah. 
Pamelia. John. Sally. Susan, William. 

Patty m. John Holmes: children: Henry, William. 
John Jr, Rebecca. 

Henry was a soldier in the war of 1812; he volunteered 
from Machias and was stationed for a time at Plattsburg,. 
N. Y. 

After the war he followed fishing on the coast of Nova 
Scotia. On some pretext bis vessel which he owned was 
captured by a British cruiser and taken into St. John N. 
B. : the cargo was confiscated and the vessel returned to 
him. Henry m. Margaret Rideout and settled near Wood- 
stock, N. B. ; later they moved to Machias remaining two 
years when they moved back to New Brunswick. 
Children: Rebecca. Charles, William H.. Sarepta, George. 
Emily, Burnham. William and Burnham both served in 
the Civil War, in the 7th U. S. Infantry; William was 
wounded at Fredericksburg: on account of his wound he 
was discharged from the service. Burnham was wounded at 
Gettysburg; after recovering from his wound he served out 
his full time for which he enlisted. 

Rebecca Holmes m. Lewis: children: Madeline. 






522 




Joseph O'Brien. 



52S 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




Josie O'B. Campbell 



GENEALOGY. 524 

Louis, Emily, Margaret, Henry, Ellsworth, Alureda, James ; 

reside in Peel, N. B. 

Sarepta Holmes m. Brown: children: Helen, 

Henry, Margaret, Kind' , Charles. Albert; live in Uakfield, 
Me. 

Emily ll< lines in. Hatfield; children: Isadora, 

Stanley, George, Russell, Burrill, Archibald, William. 
Hebert, live in Simonds, N. P>. 

Gideon Holmes lives in New Brunswick; do children. 

George of Henry in. ; children: Sarepta, 

Margaret, Lillian. Lizzie, Helen. Sadie. Ward, Prank, 
Alberta; live in Augusta, Me. 

Burn ham Holmes m. : children: Lena. Fred, 

Prank, Bert. Rutherford, Etta; live in Quincy, Mass. 

Charles Holmes m. ; children: Willard, Alma. 

Laura. Bnniliain. George, Anna May. Judson, Fred; live 
in Simonds, X. B. Charles died in 1893. 

Win. . . Holmes m. Emma Penney; children: Stanley 
H. graduated at Colby University; is now Superintendent 
of Schools in Haverhill, Ma^s.. Bertha who lives at home in 
Augusta, Mi-.. Win. H., dr.. a graduate uf Colby University, 
is now Superintendent of Schools at Westerly. R. I.. Harry 
L. who died at 19 while a student at the University (jf 

Maine, Clara B., who is Teacher of Music and l>rawim_ r in 
the Schools of Augusta, Me. 

John Holmes who m. Patty Burnham, was master car- 
I enter in building the < >ld Burnham Tavern, L770. 

Joseph O'Brien of Morris m. Miss Rebecca Moody of 
Newburyport, Nov. 1786; children: Dennis, David, Joseph, 
Mary, Thomas, William. Harriet. Valeria. 

Joseph O'Brien d. Nov. 10, L825 at the age of 7'".. The lasl 
of Joseph's family, William, d. Dec. L8, 1848, aged it 
years. 

Dennis of Morris m. Lydia Clarkson of Newburyport; 
one child, John. Dennis and his son died in Philadelphia 

William <>f Ladwick and Martha O'Brien Holway, m. 
Mary Libby in 1806; children: Martha. John, William. 



525 - HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

J Elliott, Mary, Abagail, Isabella A. Nickels, Lucie, 
Margaret. 

Martha m. Moses D. Boardman ; m. 2nd. Win. R„ 
Brown. 

John in. Lydia C. Moore; m. 2nd H. Louise Cole; 
children : Martha, Frank, Katharine, Henry, Ellery, John 
W., Amelia, Edwin, Isabel, Hattie, James, Emma, Mel- 
ville, Charles, Winifred. 

William Jr., m. Sarah G. Foster; children: Marietta, 
N. Foster, Emily. Laura, Mary, Abbie, Ella, Helen, 
Caroline, William B., Fred, Martha, Frank. 

J. Elliot m. Mary J. Alyward; children: Lizzie, Henry, 
Elvira, Anna, Mary, Samuel, Elizabeth, Lucie. 

Mary of William m. James Moore; one child, Wm. H. 

Abagail m. Arthur Moore; children: Edward A., Mary, 
Alice, Harriet. 

Isabel m. B. F. Jewett. 

Lucie m. H. Lorenzo Hill; children: W 7 m H., IsabeL 
Horatio, Lorenzo, Frederic, Harry. 

Margaret m. Albert K. Foster: one child, Ambrose. 

Grand children of John and Lydia C. Holway : Howard 
m. - — ; Marcia m. John Cliff; Marcia Allen m. Ney 

Killman. 

Grand children of W 7 m. Holway, Jr. : George m. Fannie 
Springer; children: A. Carlton, Ralph, Marion, Ruth, 
Harriet. Abbie Schoppee m. Charles Bickford; one child, 
Katharine. Elizabeth Schoppee m. Fred Mitchell; 
children: Margaret, John. Sarah Hill m. Fred Colcord; 
one child, Elmer. 

Martha Hill m. Charles Bullock. 

John H. Schoppee m. Rena Stoddard; children: Paul, 
Hollis. 

Bessie Schoppee m. A. J. Cole; children: Emily, Ida, 
Laura, Christina, Eugene, Carroll, Neal. 

Frank L. Holway m. Ellen Shepherd; children: Howard, 
Marcia, Willis. 

Amelia B. Holway m. E. Winslow Allen; m. 2nd Newell 
McFarland; Kate. Marcia, Mabel, Grace. 



\ i .( x ;v . 



526 




Morris < >T.. Campbi i i . 



RENI VLOGV. 

Ilattie E. Holway in. John P. Stickney, James M 
Holway m. Emma Shellabarger ; children: John, Clyde, 

Alice. 

Nathan Foster Hi >lway m. Harriet A. Moore; children: 
George, Albert, D. Lendall. 0. Keller, Edith. Nathan. 

Emily J. Holway m. J. Hamilton Sehoppee: children: 
Abbie, Elizabeth, Kate. 

Mary m. Charles A. Hill; children: Sarah, Martha. Wm. 
EL, Blanche, V. Herbert. 

Kllani. Lowell Caswell; children: Mina. Edna, George, 
Kat harine. 

Helen in. Charles 11. Schoppee; children: .John, Emily, 
Bessir. Eugene, Lewis. James, Ella, Fred, Millard, Nathan. 

Caroline m. Olin A. Tupper; children: Helen, Ethel, 
Hazel. 

William 15. in. Isabel Bradeen; children: Adelaide, 
Eva, Alice. 

l A. in. Mary Albee. 

Martha m. Frank Mason. 

Frank H. m. Minerva Bryant ; children : Ethel. Claude, 
Mildred. Frank. 

Henry N. m. Georgie Spencer ; children : Frank, Henry. 

Elmira in. George White: children: George, Charles, 
Nathaniel. Ralph, Kingsley, Anna. Mildred, Marion. Elsie. 

Mary J. m. Charles Clark; children: Ida, Gertrude. 

Mary II. Moore in. Fred W. Thurlow. 

Wm. 11. Hill m. Cora Beverly. 

tsabel J. Hill m. Alfred Cook: children: Hardy, 
Marion. Mildred. 

Ambrose Foster m. Mary Wood; children: Mildred. 
Albert, Elizabeth, Clarissa, Thaddeus, Edward. 

Grand children of J. E. Holway: Frank A. m. Augusta 
Kahlmeyer. 

In 1817 Wm. Holway purchased a tract of timber land in 
what is called Basl Kennebec, built a house ami in the 

autumn moved his family there. The following year he 
built a -iiu mill also a store and engaged extensively in 

Lumbering. Later he buiH additional mills. The house is 



528 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

now owned and occupied by the family of the late Oapt. 
Arthur Moore, Mrs. Abagail, widow of Mr. Muore, daughter 
of Mr. Holway now living. 

In 1830 Win. Holway built the schooner, Henry Clay in 
the shipyard of the late Edward O'Brien at Thomaston, Mr. 
O'Brien being master carpenter. In 1832 he built the 
schooner. William and John, in the same yard. He also built 
the brig Margaretta in 1842 iu the yard of his own home- 
stead at East Kennebec. The E. K. district was a part of 
the original Machias; in 1826 when Machiasport was set off 
from Machias, the district where Mr. Holway resided was 
included with Machiasport. 



PORTER. 

Rufus King Porter, born at Biddeford, Me., Sept. 3d, 
1794; graduated from Bowdoin College in 1813, studied law 
with Hon. Stephen Longfellow at Portland; came to 
Machias in 1818 where he practiced law alone nearly thirty 
years, in late years with Peter Thatcher, and still later with 
his son Charles W. Porter. He died at Machias, Dec. 11th, 
1856. He was the son of Dr. Aaron Porter, many years a 
prominent physician of Biddeford, also at Portland. His 
mother was Pauline King, daughter of Richard King of 
Scarboro, sister of Rufus King, first U. S. Senator from 
New York, Minister to England and half sister to William 
King first Governor of Maine. 

Mr. Porter married at Machias Oct. 2nd, 1820, Emma E., 
daughter of General John and Elizabeth Savage Cooper, 
she born July 20th, 1796, d. in Portland, Me., Oct. 26, 
1827. Married 2d, Lucy Lee, daughter of Capt. John 
Hedge of Dennis Mass., adopted daughter of Hon. Silas Lee 
of Wiscassett, Me. ; she died at Machias in 1862. 

Children of R. K. Porter, first marriage : Emma Jane 
died in 1866. 

Charles Wendell, m. Sept. 1, 1864, Susan, daughter of 
Hon. Samuel D. and Mary V. Nash Lockwood. Mr. Lock- 



r.KNF.AI.OGY. 



529 




Rufus K. Porter. 



530 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




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OENEALOGY. 531 

wood was late Justice of Supreme Oourl of bis State. 
Lived at Batavia, III., and Washington, D. C. 

John Cooper Porter born at Machias Feb. 6th, L825, m. 
Anna, daughter of Wm. MrKiv of St. Louis. Mo. She 
died in L867. Mr resided in St. Louis over fifty years. 

Caroline E. Porter, born in l s ^d. unmarried; resides in 
l'ortlan I. .Me. 

Children of R. K. Porter by 2nd marriage: Silas Lee, 
born in L834; in. Abbie G., daughter of lion. Wm. D. 
Dana, of Perry, Me., in L858; lie died in Xew York. Aug. 
8th, 1871. His widow has since resided in Washington, 
I), c. 

Henry Homes Porter, horn Dee. 1835; m. in Chicago, 
Dec. Ph. 1864, Eliza, daughter of the late George French. 
has since resided in that city filling various positions in 
railway management with marked success. 

George T. Porter, born Sept. 23d, l s :iT-. m. Harriet. 
daughter of Edward and Mary (Shepard) Barnard, in 18(5)3 
He was a physician, died at Calais l s 7 ; children: Frank 
P.. Rufus K.. Edward A.. Lee: all living, unmarried. 

Win. K.. Porter, born April. 1841; unmarried, resides in 
Batavia, 111. 

Children of Charles W. and Susan L. Porter: Mary 
King, Harriet Eddy, Anna Lockwcod. 

Children of John ('. and Anna McKee Porter: Elizabeth 
m. Dr. Charles W. Cooper ; ohildren : Anna and Ruth. 

Charles W. born in l v, i ,- >. died Aug. L899; m. Florence 
Moody of Northampton. 

Children of Henry Homes and Lli/.a F. Porter: Kath- 
arine horn in Chicago, Sept. 1866; m. in l s '.»:;. Dr. Geo. 
S. Ishain : two SODS Henry and Ralph. 

Benry Jr., m. 1901 Mary Prentice ; one child, a daughter. 

George Frenoh Porter, born in 1 S 7 S in Chicago, graduated 
from Vale ( iollege in L902. 

RufuS K. Porter was the second lawyer to make Machias 

his home, succeeding Phineas Bruce. Mr. Porter was 

emed for his legal knowledge; few men in his earlier days 

were more resorted to for instruction in points of common 



582 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

law than he. He was often called on by Clerks of the 
Court, by Clerks and Selectmen of towns for "steering 
business" or the "know how" in their various lines of work. 

Henry Homes Porter, who gave to Machias its fine 
Library building, received his education at Washington 
Academy and at the age of eighteen started out to make his 
way among men. In a short time Chicago became his home 
where he acquired his business education in twenty years 
service with the N. W. Railway Co., — in these years h e 
filled successfully every important position connected with 
railway management. 

In 1875 he took hold of the West Wis. Railroad with only 
fifteen miles of railway, then in bankruptcy. In eight years 
he had extended it with various branches to St. Paul, 
Omaha, Duluth and Ashland, under the name of Chicago. 
St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway Co. . over thirteen 
hundred miles of well built and well equipped roads. About 
this time, 18HL Mr. Porter and Associates sold their con- 
trolling interest to the N. W. Railway Co. 

Mr. Porter next took up the Duluth and Iron Range Rail 
way and the Vermillion Iron Mines, from which gradually 
developed, "The Minnesota Iron Co., with many mines on 
the Vermillion and Messaba Ranges and large dry docks at 
Two Harbors, also a large fleet of steamers and barges 
carrying the ore to market. 

He also engineered and financed the re-organization of 
the Union Steel Works at Chicago, — afterwards combined 
with four other Steel Works in Chicago, Milwaukee and 
Joliet into the "Illinois Steel Co. ;" and still later com- 
bined with the Minnesota Iron Co. into the Federal Steel 
Co.. and finally all of these were united with the Carnegie 
Steel Works at Pittsburg and elsewhere into the United 
States Steel Co. 

Meanwhile Mr. Porter had taken up a short Coal road in 
Eastern Indiana, combined it with the Chicago and Eastern 
Illinois Railway and continued it to the Mississippi at 
Thebes, 111., about five hundred miles, lately absorbed by 
the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway Co. 



GENEALOGY. 



533 




1 1 1 nry Homes Porter. 



534 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




Col. Wm. Pope. 



OENEALOGY. 

For several years Mr. Porter has resided in New York city, 
and lias retired from official connection with these various 
enterprises, though still retaining his interest in them all. 



POPE. 

Col Win. Pope, son of Samuel Ward ami Mary Wood 
Pope, horn in Charleston. S. ('..March 30, L787. Be oarne 
to Machias at the age of twenty-one, in Deo. 1807. 

After a residence of three years in Machias he went to 
Boston, was married to Peggy Dawes Billings of that pity, 
Sept. 27th, 1810; children: Win B. died in infancy ; Win. 
Henry. Samuel W., Lucy S., John perished at sea at the 
age of 25, Andrew J., James O., Eliza 0, Edwin. Julia, 
(ii'o. W'.. Harriet. 

Win. H. m. Susan, daughter of ('apt. John Kellar;.one 
child. Julia m. Thomas F. Furlier: children: Henry. 
Julia. Franklin. Everett and Edwin twins. 

Samuel W. of Wm. m. Betsey J. daughter < »f M. Jones 
Talbot; children: William. Emily F.. Betsey T.. Edna, 

Mary. Alice W. 

Andrew J. in. Emily, daughter of l)ea. Peter Talbot; 
children: Florence. Charles died young, Mary E. 

James (). in Olive, daughter of Simeon Chase ; children: 
Jobn A.. Warren F.. Macey. 

( ieo. W. of Wm. in. Edw ina, daughter of L. Trescotl Avery ; 

' See A\er\ . | 

Col. Pope's parents dying, he was brought up by his 

maternal grandfather in Charleston until he was eighteen. 
He then came to Dorchester, Mass. to live with his uncles 

Frederic and William, who were in the lumber business in 

'that town. At aboul 1799, the senior partner. Frederic went 

to Washington Co., Me., and established a store at Lubec 

and one at Machia-. Easl Falls, taking their nephew with 
him as ( Slerk. 

wm. Pope remained in Machias, conducting the Lumber 
business for thirty -five years, purchasing a small farm and 

building a saw mill as the foundation of his future luisim 



536 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

In 1826 when the town of Machias was divided, Col. Pope 
was elected to the Board of Selectmen and was continued 
therein until he refused to be re-elected. When Edward 
Kent was chosen Governor in 1839 Col. Pope was made a 
member of the Council. He held many offices in the Militia 
from Lieut, of a Company to Col. of a Regiment. In the 
War of 1812, Wm. Pope joined others in trying to capture 
Br. cruisers on the coast; was taken a prisioner, carried to 
Halifax where he was released 

In 1841 he removed to Boston taking with him his wife 
and two daughters, — also his sons Andrew, Edwin and 
George. He purchased a wharf on Harrison Av. and com- 
menced the lumber trade, firm W. Pope & Son's; the four 
sons left in Maine, Wm., Samuel. John, James conducted 
the trade at East Machias, firm S. W. Pope & Co. 

Col. Pope lived in Boston until his death Nov. 6th, 1864. 
He was a member of the Council, served four years on Board 
of Aldermen ; two years in the Mass. House of Represent- 
atives. He was a Director in the Boylston Bank from its 
organization until his death. 

Col. Pope was a personage of distinguished appearance, 
attractive presence and notable strength of character. With 
apt fitness he could stand in the care of a large business, at 
the head of a Regiment or sit in the Council Chamber of a 
State. He was a man of recognized, moral integrity ; zealous, 
for seeing, patriotic, taking deep interest in public welfare. 

In his religious faith he was Liberal believing, finally 
that all would be restored to goodness and to God. 

A constant attendant at church unto the Sunday preceding 
his death. He left a name to be treasured as a Godly in- 
heritance by his children. 

Eliza of Wm m Edward Faxon of Boston: children:' 
Ella. Gertrude, Edward, Florence. 

Edwin of Wm. m. Anna R. Prescott; children: Edwin. 
Arthur. Walter. 

Harriet of Wm. unmarried. 

Lucy and .Julia, daughters of Win., died young. 

Samuel W. Pope of Wm. was born in East Machias. 



GENEALOGY. 587 

March 17. 1815, d. Feb. 25, 1862; m. Betsey Jones Talbot; 

children: William. Emily F.. Betsey. Edna died at 16, 
Mary L., Alice W. 

Win. m. Janet, daughter of Robert Neil of (Quebec, Can.; 
children: Ethel N., Janet. Wm. was educated at Wash- 
ington Academy and Amherst College. He passed several 
years in lumber business near .Montreal: is now engaged in 
real estate business in Boston. Ins family living in that city. 

Emily F. of Samuel, m. Austin Harris in 1868. After 
attending Washington Academy he attended Amherst 
College and graduated in 1863; he had been a member of 
the House, also of the Senate in the State Legislature; was 
engaged in the lumber trade, at East Madiias, in partner- 
ship with the late James 0. Pope and others for several 
years and up to the time of Ids death, Jan. 7, 1899. A man 
well read and educated, of strict integrity, refined and 
courteous: his judgemenl and advice proved safe for the 
many who consulted him. He filled various Municipal 
offices was County Treasurer and Treasurer of Washington 
Academy for several years. He was offered the treasuryship 
of Bowdoin College, this position and others he declined on 
account of multiplied care. 

Children of Austin and Emily Pope Harris: Florence 
in. in 18*98 Albion W. Bobson of Island Pond, Vt. : 
children: Austin II., Elsie both born in Chicago, 
residence in Hyde Park. Chicago. Edna of Austin d. in 
1873 age less than two years. Mabel A., born March 11, 
1875. Samuel Pope of Austin b. in 187S-. graduated from 
Bowdoin. L9U0. Philip T. born Feb. 10, 1 S H. alsograduate 
from Bowdoin 1903. Emily born in May. 1882 

Samuel Ward Pope was a man of unusual business sagacity 

and energy. Entering upon his father's business, at the 

age of eighteen, he develoved a trade and industry, which 
spread in twenty years, until he was at the head of S. W. 
Pope & Co. in Easl Machias ; with a House in Boston con- 
ducted by Win. Pope A: Son's: in San Francisco by Dame of 
Pope and Talbot, with mills in Easl Machias, Whitneyville, 
Columbia Falls, also at Tii-et Sound, Wash. 



538 HISTORY OF MACHIAS 

In the midst of Commercial embarrassments, losses by- 
fire and shipwreck and financial crises of wideness in wreck- 
age, the name of S. W. Pope & Co. stood as the symbol of 
solvency and good faith for forty years or until death re- 
moved nearly all the members caused the dissolution of the 
firm. 

Easily, at the age of forty-five Samuel W. Pope was 
placed among the foremost organizers of business in Eastern 
Maine. Industrious from boyhood, ambitious for better 
and nobler things, inspired by a sense of justice and fair deal- 
ing; grasping, discerning, discriminating in {resent and 
future possibilities and opportunities enabled him to be not 
only promotor but founder of large trade. 

Mr. Pope was a professed Christian; a member of the 
Cong. Church, East Machias — also Superintendent of the 
Sunday School. He was ever interested in public 'affaire . — 
in politics Whig- Republican, yet always declined all 
proffered official stations. He was upright in dealings with 
man and stood in character above reproach. • His death fit 
forty-seven was keenly felt where his activity and influence 
were best known and realized, a blow to business in his own 
firm and in the communities where lor-ated. 

Betsey of Samuel m. \Ym. H. Hawley of Boston; children : 
Marian, Augusta. Mary. Wm.. Truman R.. Lillian. 

Mr. Haw ley served in the 4th regiment of Infantry in 
the Civil War; afterwards was engaged in business in Boston 
for several years. Lately he is serving as Inspector of 
Pensions; lives in Maiden. 

May of Samuel m. Geo. A. Salmon; children: Bessie, 
Allen both b. in Minneapolis; residence, Newton Highlands, 
Mass. 

Alice of Samuel, unmarried, lives with her mother. 

Andrew Jackson Pope, native of East Machias. son of 
Col. Wm. Pope, born Jan. 6, 1820. 

In 1849 he left East Machias for California, by way of 
Panama. He located in San Francisco, under the name of 
A. J. Pope & Co., representing Wm. Pope & Son's of 
Boston and S. W. Pope & Co. of East Machias; carried on 



GENEALOGY. 



539 




Samuel W. Pope. 



540 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS 




Andrew J. Pope. 



GENRALOGY. ■"> I 1 

."i lumber and commission business. He afterwards 
associated himself with Oapt. William C. Talbot, Firm of 
Pope & Talbot. 

They purchased land and erected saw mills at Teekalet, 
now Port Gamble, and at other places <>n Pugel Sound, 
Washington Territory. 

In 1855 he returned to Mast Marinas and married Emily 
Foster Talbot, daughter of Deacon Peter Talbot. Taking 
liis wife to California they made their home in San 
Francisco where he died Dee. L8, 1^7 S . He left three 
children all residents of Sau Francisco. 

Florence Talboi Pope m. Frederick A. Frank Sept. 14. 
1887 ; he died March 6th, 1896. Mary Ella Pope m. Daniel 
T. Murphy, April l s th. 1892. George Andrew Pope m. 
Edith, daughter, of Capt. William H. and Mary Taylor. 
April 26th, 1892. 

Children of George and Edith Pope: Emily, born Dee. 
3d, 1898, George Andrew, horn Nov. 12th, L901. 



SMITH. 

Stephen Smith m. Deborah Ellis. 177.V. children: 
Stephen. Jr.. Deborah. Win. Ellis. Samuel, J. Otis. Jane, 
Lydia, Elizabeth ().. Geo. S. 

Elizabeth 0. m. Ebenezer Inglee. (See Tn^lee.) 

Five of Capt. Stephen Smith's children were born in 
Sandwich, Mass. prior to L772, lour born in Machias. 

Stephen Jr. m. Hannah Bill; children: Deborah. Ellis, 
John, Otis, Thomas. Adelaide. Turner, Nathan. George, 
May. ( 'offin, 1 larrison. 

Deborah m. Harrison Thacher. 

Ellis m. Hannah, daughter of Rev. J. Lyon; children: 
Stephen. Maria. .lames, H. Timelier, Wm. Frederic, Charles, 
Hen\ L., < 'aroline. 

II. Thacher m. Judith Clark: children: Edward M., 
Lydia P. 

Edward M. m. Ida P, Smith; children: Henry. I'erley. 
Dwiffhl R., Winslow G., Harold B. 



542 HISTORY OF MACHIAS 

Henry m. Alma Sears; children: Dorothy, Hope. 

Perley m. N. Lucretia Hooper. 

Wm. F. of Ellis m. Deborah Clark; children: Frank E., 
Tena. 

Frank m. Amelia Robinson, one child Frederic, died at 
seven. 

Samuel of Stephen S., m. Sally Kelly, children: Wm, 
Sally, Samuel, Betsey, Geo. S., Deborah. 

Sally m. Nathaniel Wilson. 

Betsey m. Jchn McAllister. 

Deborah m. Benjamin Maloon. 

Joseph O. of Stephen S.. m. Betsey Coffin: children: 
Deborah, Stephen, Barney C, Geo. S. 

Deborah in. Oliver Nash ; children: Harrison, Stephen 
S , Orilla. Delia. Joseph O.. Priscilla. Geo. S., Horatio. 
Fannie, Herbert. 

Harrison m. Mary A. Wass: children: Irving, Geo. B., 
Martha. 

Irving m. Ella White; children: Helen W.. Harry. 

Stephen S. m. Ellen A. Wass. 

Orilla m. Henry W. Alline. 

Delia m. Jerome B. Alline, one child, Orilla. 

Joseph Otis m. Fannie Knowles, one child. Montanus 

Priscilla m. Geo. Brooks; children: Geo. W., Edgar, 
both dead; Harrison N.. James. Bartlett. 

Henry of Ellis m. Armar Le Habair, a French lady at 
New Orleans; two girls now living, Mary m. Lieut H. P. 
Beach; Caroline m. , live in La. 

George S. Smith of Stephen. Sr., m. Sally Farasworth; 
children: Wm. Bartlett, Geo. S., Thomas Delapse. 

Jane of Stephen Smith, Sr., m. Silas Turner; children: 
Sally, Eliza, Miranda, Ellery, Kebecca. Deborah, Betsey. 

Sally m. Cyrus Foster; (See Foster.) 

Miranda m. Joshua A. Lowell. 

Eebecca in. Ovid Bnrrill. 

Deborah m. Peter S. J. Talbot. 

Lydia of Stephen Smith. Sr.. m. Samuel P. Clark; 



GENEALOGY 548 

children: Parker. Judith, Deborah, Hannah. Nelson, 
Sarah. Lydia, Jane. 

Chales Edward Smith of Ellis tn. Prisoilla Ames; 
children: Emma, Charles, Emily. 

Emily in. Francis Coffin ; ohildren : Fannie. Berbert 

Fannie m. (Jen. Ball, Haverhill. Mass.: one child. 
Robert A. The family of Mrs. Coffin live in Haverhill. 

Maria Smith of Ellis m. Wilraol W. Nash, one child, a 
son. 

Deborah of J. Otis Smith m. Oliver Nash. 

Stephen of Deborah m. Almy S pring er : children: 
Amanda. Stephen, Mercy, Deborah, Ida P. 

Barnabas C. of J. Otis m. Maria L. Small. 

Geo. S. of J. Otis m. Elizabeth Bradley, children: 
Zimru A.. Joseph O.. Geo. A.. Susan, Neal I).. Berda, 
Claire. 

Zimro m. Alice Robinson. 

Josepb O. m. Cordelia Smith; m. 2nd. Emma Mayo. 

Geo. A., killed in action at Spotsylvania. Va.. May. l s <>4. 

Susan m. Frank Niekerson. 

Xeal I ). m. Mary Williams. 

Claire m. Fred W. Roberts. 

John Smith of Stephen Jr., m. Love H. Scott: ohildren: 

TheodoreS, Wm. Otis, Hannah O. John S, David died 
young, Deborah, Sarah. Evelyn, Nathan. Cordelia, Harlan 
P. 

Theodore m Mrs. Bannah Sanborne ; children: Edwina, 

May: in. 2nd Mary Gardner; children: all died young ex- 
cept Sarah m Arthur Campbell now living in Minneapolis. 

Theodore m. 3d Mrs. Susan M. Cochran; children: girl 
died young, Etta living m Frederic Guild, one child Good- 
win. 

Wm. Otis m. Susan Boyt; children: Willie. Emeline, 
Elizabeth, Henry 

Emeline m. Jonathan Longfellow; ohildern: Frederic 
d. unmarrired, Morris, Elizabeth, Ada. 

Elizabeth of Emeline m. Wm. Brown; children: Robert, 
Phyllis. 



54 1 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Elizabeth m. Edgar M. Gilpatrick; one child, Roy H. 

Morris m. - — ; children: one daughter and Henry 

W. 

Hannah of John m. J. Andrew Foster; no children. 

John of John m. Kate Smith; died in Nova Scotia. 

Deborah T. in. Jacob Foster; no children. 

Sarah of John died at seventeen. 

Evelyn m. Wm. G Stone: children: Arthur. Willie E., 
Fred U. and Evelyn d. young. 

Nathan of John m. Mary Taylor; children: Willie T.. 
Inez, Lizzie: m. 2nd Mrs. Mary Ross, live in San Fran- 
cisco. 

Willie m. Volesca Crowley : one child. 'Maude, m. Win. 
B. Nash; one child, Dorris. 

Inez m. Wm. K. Pennell. 

Cordelia in. Henry A. Stone: children: Nellie, -John and 
Henry d. young, 

Nellie m. Geo. Carter, she died soon after. 

Harlan P. of John m. Lucinda Stuart; children: Susan, 
Frank. Lillie. 

Susan m. Geo. Rice. 

Frank m. — . 

Harlan P. died July, 1903, the youngest of John Smith's 
family. 

Willie E. Stone of Evelyn m. Sarah E. Garland : children : 
Ralph G., Gladys. 

Henry H. Smith of Wm. O. m. Lizzie Longfellow; 
children: Agnes L., Philip. H. H. m. 2nd Julia, sister of 
first wife. Live in New Haven, Conn. : a practicing 
physician. 

Stephen of J. Otis Smith m. Almy Springer: children: 
Amanda m. James Dean, Stephen m. Mary L. Clough, 
Mercy m. Geo. Weymouth, Deborah m. Edward Earl, Ida 
P. m. Edward Smith. 

Geo. S. Smith of J. Otis in. Elizabeth P. Bradley : 
children: Sarah B.. Leoniece. Bradley. Harriet, Brewer. 
Frank. Geo. S. 



GENEALOGY. 545 

Herbert O. Nash of Oliver m. Anna Williams: children: 

Olive, James M.. Clara I).. Stephen S.. Harrison T. 

Elizabeth. 

Stephen K. Smith of Stephen m. Mary Olough; children: 

Lizzie, Irene L., Ethel, Prank T.. .M. Trail. Claire I,. 

Amanda of Stephen Smith m. James Dean: children: 
Qrveta, Bertha. 

Mercy of Stephen Smith m. Geo. W. Weymouth; one 
child. Ida L. 

Deborah of Stephen m. Edward Earl; one ohild, Elmer 
J. 

Frank II. of [da L. Smith: children: Edith. Arthur 15.. 
Carl W. 

Joseph ( ). and Cordelia. Smith, one child, Eda K. Jo's. 
O. and Emma Smith; children: George O., Josie W. 

Neal I), and Mary Smith's, one child. Carl, horn in 18S1. 
Susan of Barnebas C. and Frank NickersOn; children: 

Anna. Roland X.. Bernard, Clarence. Lewis H. 

Le t , niece of George Sr. and Edgar Waye's children: 

Adelaide. Kate. Geo. S.. W'inl'ied. 

Brewer and Mary S. Smith, one child. Holway B. 

Prank I f Geo. S., and Alice Smith's children: Willie S. 

Robert E., Barry B. 

Thomas of Stephen Smith, Jr., m. Abagail Poss ; children : 
Cyrus, W i lher. Joseph, Ellery, Abagail, Lydia. 
Cyrus m. Susan Hadley; children: Ellis, Harrison, 
Nathan. Sarah; m. 2d Mrs. Abagail Seavy. 
Wilber m Ursula Foss; children: Melissa, Evelyn. 

Mt lissa m. Joseph < ietchell. 

Evelyn m. ( lei i. Bridgham. 

Joseph of Thomas m. Sarah Harmon ; children : Edward 

died in California : Leonard. Fred, Alice. 

Fred m. Ursula Hanscom; children: Ethel, Alice. 
Florence, Fred. 
Alice in. Frank Butler; one child Alice. 



546 HISTORY OF MACHTAS - . 

SARGENT. 

Oapt. Paul Dudley Sargent, a son of Epes Sargent, of 
Salem, Mass., by second marriage, settled at Sullivan, Me., 
1787. His mother was widow of Hon. Samuel Brown of 
Salem; Paul born in 1745. He did excellent service in 
the Revolution, being with Washington at crossing the 
Deleware, an 1 was in the Pennsylvania campaign in 1777 
under immediate command of Gen. Sullivan. He was soon 
in command of a Regiment and was efficient not only as a 
true soldier but as advisory council. 

Col. Sargent in Miss Lucy, daughter of Thomas Saunders 
of Gloucester; had twelve children; one John of the sons 
left Sullivan, settled at Calais. 1833; in. Miss Harriet. 
daughter of Joseph Taft of Weston, Mass.: children: 
Daniel, Ignatius, Lucy. John D., Harriet. Francis. Eppes. 
Henrietta. Charles. 

Ignatius cams from Calais to Machias when a young 
man; born in 1S15; m. Miss Emaline E. Potter; chil 1 en: 
Daniel, Henry C, Charles. John, died young, Ignatius M. 

Daniel M. m. Fannie Knowles of N. H. ; children ; 
Mollie, Winthrop. 

Mollie m. - Cost: one child. 
Henry m. Alice Hemmenway; one chil;', John D. 
Charles m. Ada Leland; one child Daniel. 
Ignatius M. m. Helen M. Campbell; children: Paul I).. 
Grace. 

Paul D. m. Sarah McAllister of Calais. 
Grace m. Prank E. Wakefield of Cherryfield : one child, 
(\rlin S 

Paid I)., son I. M. Sargent, is a graduate of the Maine 
State University, a civil engineer, is now Register of Deeds. 
Washington County. 

Ignatius Sargent before attaining 1 is majority was clerk 
in the County Clerk of Court's office; next clerk and book- 
keeper in the Machias Water. Power and Mill Co.. and 
finally one of the proprietors until his decease. He was 
County Treasurer nearly thirty-three consecutive years, in 
this as in all of the many other official positions of trust and 



Gl \i VLOGY. 



547 




Igna i 11 - Sargen i , 



548 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




GENEALOGY. 549 

responsibility, he retained the confidence of his townsmen 
and residents of t he < lounty. 

John D.. brother of [gnatius, resided in Maohias several 
years ; salesman in the store for the M. W. P. & M. Co., and 
merchanl later. He m. Miss Mary I)., daughter of Daniel 
Harwood. (if Huston: since l v -~>o has made that city his 
residence. Dr. Harwood was one of the principal propriei 
id' the .\l. \Y. I". & M. Co.; residing in Maohias a part of 
the time. He was here the las! time in the Pall of L854, 
looking after his interests in mills and other property. 
Soon after the propertj was sold 1 « » a local Syndicate. The 
mill was operated mi lease t.i W. II. Hemenway and others 
until S. \\ . Pope & Co. became owners, succeeded by J. K. 
Ames; 1k> by the Mac hi as Lumber Co. 

Charles Sargenl also a brother of [gnatius passed several 

years in town, clerk and bookkeeper in Stores. 



STRATTON. 

Joseph Stratton, born dune li!. L809, in Newton. ArdsCo. 
Down, Ireland, came to the l". S. and Machias in l s- Jo. 

He learned the blacksmith's trade with Daniel Longfellow, 
Machias and worked with him nine years. He buill a shop 
in 1835 on the same hit of land near where the bouse of 
Charles L. Stratton, also the new shop buill by the senior 
Stratton in 1858, now stands. His three sons. Charles. 
Joseph and George learned the trade with their father and 
worked for him . In L877 Joseph, -U.. removed to Boston. 
George, youngest of the brothers, died in l s ^ s . Charles, 
who had been in the Wot several years returned, occupied 
the shop and is now continuing the business. Tt will he 
seen that the father and sons have occupied a shop on the 
same cunier lot. Free and Main Streets, sixty-eight years. 

Joseph Stratton m. Cordelia Cat.- of Cutler, 1834; 
children: John d. L855; Cha's. L. m. Emeline H. Pennell; 
children: Elizabeth I-', m. dames I-'.. Golden, Chebogue 
Point. N S : children: Charles K.. Russell I' 



550 HISTORY OF MAOHIAS. 

Frank L. of Charles m. Fannie E. Wylie of Boothbay 
Harbor, Me. ; one child, Geraldine L. 

Joseph Stratton m. Lucy E. Baker; one child, Harry C, 
hem. Grace W. Webber, Chelsea, Mass.; children: Carl 
H., Joseph E., Olive H. 

George Stratton m. Mrs. Keziah Spring, Milltown, N. B. ; 
one child, Helen M. m. Harry E. Vose; one child. Charles 
W. 



SULLIVAN. 

Cornelius Sullivan, born in County Kerry, Ireland, Nov. 
7, 1821; came to U. S. in 1812, landing first at St. Andrews, 
N. B., and came to Whitneyville in the same year. Com- 
menced work on the railroad then in process of construction ; 
soon worked as fireman with engineer Bullard, shortly be- 
coming engineer having charge of the rolling stock until 
1869, when he left the road and became a part owner by 
purchase of the mills and timber lands of what has lately 
been know as the "Whitneyville Agency" property, when at 
the time of the fire in October, 1902, which swept all the 
mills and machinery off the dam, Mr. Sullivan was owner of 
six-sevenths of the entire property, which by industry, 
frugality and good judgement he had acquired 

Mr. Sullivan m. Katharine Roirden, 1847; children: 
Ellen, Kate, Mary, John, Charles, Hannah. Cornelius. Jr. 
.Patrick, Richard. 



Peter Talbot m. Lucy Hammond; children: Aphia, 
Lucy, Stephen, Peter, John C, Micah J.. Sally. 

Aphia m Abijah Foster. (See Foster.) Lucy m. Josiah 
Harris. (See Harris. ) Stephen. 

Peter m. Eliza Chaloner; children: William C, Mary 
E., Frederic, Emily F., Charles H. 

Wm. Chaloner Talbot, son of Dea. Peter, born at East 
Machias, Feb., 1816; m. Sophia Gleason Foster of 



CENFAI "l.N . 



."..",1 



1 








( .ORNE1 rtJS Sri I IV \\. 



552 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS-. 




William C. Talbot 



CENF U.< IGV. 

Elastport, Oct. 1864; be died al Astoria. Ore., A.ugust, l v H. 
on board steamer Columbia enroute from Portland to 
San Francisco. Children: Mary B. m. Henry Dutton, Jr. , 
San Francisco. Emilj F. m Cyrus Walker, Port Gamble, 
Wash. Siipliia(i. in. Ira Pierce, San Francisco. Florence 
H. died unmarried. 

Win. C. Talbol was a pioneer of California and Washing- 
ton; a principal founder of the Pugel .Mill and Lumber 
Company, Pope, Talbol & Co, at Port Gamble 

Be lefi liis Ivist Madiias home on lirst trip to Pacific 
Coast September, 1849; arrived at San Francisco March, 
l^:»i»: returned t.. Easl Marinas. 1^. left New York 
Becond trip to California January 2, 1853, ever afterwards 
residing at San Francisco. 

! r Talbol was an energetic man in business, conservative 
and prudent, bringing to his use sound principles as bases 
of liis work. 

Mary of Peter m. Charles Hovey, Frederic m. four times; 
Hannah Sanborne, Susan. sisteT of Hannah, Lonie — , 
Jeanui tte Todd. 

Mary E. Talbol of Win. < '. m. Benry Dutton, San Fran- 
cisco; children: Infant daughter died, Talbol C, Win. 
Jr., Frances S., Henry 1-'.. Boward C. died at five. 

Luoy F. of Win C. m. Cyrus Walker April. 1886, San 
Francisco; children: Talbot C. Emily P. 

Sophia G of Win. ('. m. Ira Pierce, San Francisco; 
children: Infant daughter died, 1877, Sophia (i. m. Dr. 
Edward E. Brownell. 

Win llayden of Win. C. ni. Mrs. Annie Lamonl nee 
Douglass; childen : Vera, Wm. C, Eric. 

Frederic < '. of Wm. C. married ; no children. 

Dea. Peter Talbot lived a long and busy life; the longer 

pari of it in his native town, where he was highlj n-pected 

and loved bj all olasses, Eor his genial and cheerful dis- 
position, and kindness to the poor and sick, ever ready in 
ministering to their wants bj day or night. He was Deacon 



554 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

of the Union Cong'], church many years, and a liberaf 
supporter of the ministry. 

The latter years of his life were passed with his son 
Charles H. in Providence R. I. where he died in 1875 a few 
months past 92 years. 

Mary of Peter Talbot, m. Charles P. Hovev ; children: 
Wm. T., Sanford C, Fred E., Emily. 

Wm. T. m. Lizzie Gladding, Bristol, R. I., Sanford m. 
Agnes Perkins, Fred E. m. Emma Branch, Emily m. James 
Spalding; last three families live in Providence, R. I. One 
grand child daughter of Fred E. and Emma Hovey. 

Frederic Talbot, a native of East Machias, born in 1819, 
son of Peter and Mary Eliza (Chaloner) Talbot, was 
educated "in the public schools and at Washington Academy, 
leaving school at the age of eighteen. 

He then entered business with his father, who was ex- 
tensively engaged in the manufacture and sale contracting 
lumber business, continuing here seven years, when he en- 
tered the lumber firm of Simpson, Talbot Co. at Whitney - 
ville, Maine. 

Remaining there five years until 1849, when he joined the 
crowd for California, going by steamer Panama route, 
settling at San Francisco, where, in connection with his 
brother-in-law Andrew J. Pope, established a lumber 
business, forming the original firm of Pope & Talbot, since 
so widely known in the lumber markets of the world. 

Leaving California in 1851, he returned east, his brother 
William C. Talbot assuming his position in the firm. 

Early in 1852 he joined in forming the firm of Mayhew, 
Talbot & Co. of New York, in a general Shipping and Com- 
mission business, which continued seven years, when in 
1859 he withdrew from this firm, and under the firm name 
of F. Talbot & Co., continued the same business twenty- 
four years until 1883. 

Previous to this date Mr. Talbot had removed his family 
from New York to Providence, R. I., where he has since 



• I ,( l( A 



555 





1'ki i r Talbot. 



55.6 



HISTORY OF MACHfAS, 




Frederic Talbot. 



,,i \i \i OGV. 

resided, and now, (1903,) a) the age of 84 years, is still 
vigorous, with his faculties unimpaired. 

Charles II. Talbot, son of Dea. Peter, m. Miry, daughter 
of Cyrus Sanborn of Mast Mac hi as; children: Andrew I'.. 

William S., Susan E3 

C'harh-s II. died in L880. 

Andrew m. Alice Burton ; one child, Andrew B. Andrew 
died iu l^'.'T. 

Win. S. in. I )ora 1 [awkins. 

Susan in. Geo. E. ('lat'lin. Providence, R. I. 

Charles H. was the hist of Peter's suns to leave Easl 
Marhias. being engaged with his lather iii trade, lumbering 
ami shipbuilding. 

Later he removed to Providence, R. I., operating until 
his death in the wholesale and retail Commission business 
in that pity. ile v. as respected for his consistent and 
honorable life. 

John (J. of Peter in. Mary, daughter of Col. Benj. Fi 
children: Stephen, Win. II.. John C, Jr., Geo. I'.. Emma, 

Thoma8 H., Susan. .Mary. 

John Coffin Talbot was a prominent citizen of Ivist 
Maehias. filling various municipal places, Representative in 
the Bouse and State Senator. President of the Senate, 

Judge of Probate Court, a ready and useful man lie died 

iu I860, his son John C. succeeding to Ids father's home- 
stead, a part of the same lot on which the senior Peter 
located. 

Win . il. m. .Martha L. Poor, Andover, .Me.: children: 
Emma, John !■'.. Wm. H.. dr.. Geo. A.. Mary. Martha. 
Peter. 

John l-\ m. Georgie E. Fisher, Foxboro, M 
children: Frederic \\\. Robert E., Florence, Richard, Ed- 
ward died young, Agnes. 

Geo. A. m. [da Graham; children: Wm. A.. Emma, 

Ralph I' . .Mary : live in Kansi- l it\. Mo. 

Wm il. Jr., m Olive ; no ohildren Live at Spokane, 

Wash. 



558 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Peter m. Eva Stiles; one child, Charles W. 

Martha m. Charles Cushman; children: Barbara, 
Martha, Elizabeth ; live at So. Andover, Me. 

John C. Talbot, Jr., son of John Coffin and Mary Foster 
Tafbot, born at East Machias, Nov. 3, 1816. He woked on 
his father's farm five years ending 1887 — meanwhile attend- 
ed common schools and Washington Academy. In 1837 he 
entered Bowdoin College. He was elected member of the 
Phi Beta Kappa Society and had the valedictory address 
assigned to him. He studied law in the office of Hon. J. 
A. Lowell, in his own town and was admitted to the Bar at 
Ellsworth, October, 1840. He opened a law office at Lubec 
where he pacticed 'till 1862, moving the latter year to East 
Machias living on the homestead of his father, repairing 
and making the house new. 

He was Deputy Collector of Customs at Lubec five years 
ending 1848; Representative from Lubec 1849 — 53 inclusive. 
being Speaker of the House the last year , also Representative 
1856 — '57. He was candidate fur Governor in 1876, receiv- 
ing the highest vote ever given a Democratic candidate in 
the State. Frcm 1880 to 1890 inclusive he was a member of 
the House from East Machias; Chairman of the Legislative 
Committee to the Centennial of Washington's Inauguration 
as President in 1889; a Trustee of Washington Academy 
from 1859 to his decease; Selectman of East Machias. 
twenty-five years ; Town Clerk twenty-one years ; a member 
of Washington Lodge of Masons since 1848. Worshipful 
Master ten years. He was Vice President of the Maine 
Society of the Sons of the American Revolution ; since 
1874 President of the Town Library Association. He was 
State delegate to three National Conventions. 1856 — 1866 
— 1868. Mr. Talbot never employed a physician until his 
last sickness at the age of eighty-three. 

He married Dec. 10, 1849 Clara Antoinette, daughter of 
David and Hadassah Wass, Addison, Me. ; children : Mary 
H., Annie M., John C. Jr.. died. Frank M., Wm. H. died, 
Esther B., Mr. Talbot m. 2d Esther B. Wass a sister of 
his first wife. 



GENEALOGY. 



.",.")'.) 




John < '. I'm bot. 



560 



HISTORY OF MACHfAS. 

























4&t " 


■ 


t 


*s 




1 








Iks* ^t B 















George F. Talbot. 



rEALOGY. 5G1 

Mary II. m. Prentiss M. Woodman, Minneapolis; 
children: Prentiss died young, Joseph C. Reside in 
Minneapolis. 

Amur M. in. Rev. Samuel V. Cole; qo ohildren. Live 

al Norton, Mass. 

Prank M. m. ; one child, John ( '. Live in 

M inneapolis. 

Esther 15. is a teacher in Minneapolis. 

CJeorge Foster Talbot, sob of John Coffin and Mary Foster 
Talbot, horn at Kast Machias .Ian. 1."). L S 1 9 ; received his 
preparatory education in Washington Academy, entering 
Bowdoin College in the autumn of I s .'!.") at the age of 16. 
He graduated in 1837 in the class of which Gov. John A. 
Andrews and Dr. F. Baker were members. 

After graduation he taught school and was for some time 
assistant instructor in the Academy. In 1838 he entered as 
a student of law. the office of Hon. J. A. Lowell, in his 
native town. In 1840 he wen t to Augusta and completed 
his law studies in the office of Senator James YY. Bradbury. 
He was admitted to practice in September of that year and 
opened an office in Skowhegan. The only business he 
accomplished during his year's residence there was to make 
the acquaintance of Miss Elizabeth, daughter of John G. 
Neil, the lady to whom he was married. May, 1844. 

Returning to East Machias in the latter part of 1840 he 
again engaged in teaching, and in the spring of I s 1^ opened 
an office in Columbia, where he lived for two years and had 
a remunerative practice. Just before his marriage, he com- 
menced practice in East .Machias and during ten years was 
able to make his calling a paj ing one. 

I*. Thatcher, Esq., being about to remove to Rookland in 
the autumn of L854, invited him to Bucceed to his con- 
siderable business in Machias, where he next established 

his residence ami was employed mostly in the advocacy of 

litigated cases before the courts and juries. 

He entered early and enthusiastically into the Anti-Slavery 
contest, and became generally known throughout the State 
as a cam] aign speaker and copious writer so that when the 



562 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

delegation to the Chicago convention at which Lincoln was 
nominated for President he was selected as one of the four 
delegates, at large, representing the Free Soil element and 
the new Republican party. 

When a displacement of the officials of the Democratic 
Administration was made, he was appointed the Attorney of 
the United States for the District of Maine which he held 
for nine years. So largely had the business of the office 
increased on account of the war and the more stringent 
revenue laws, that he was compelled just before his second 
appointment, to remove to Portland, where he has since 
resided. 

In 1870 he was made chairman of a special committee to 
investigate the so called Paper Credit frauds, Hon. Seldon 
Conner and Hon. Abraham Sanborn being his calleagues. 
The convention was in session during the most of the year 
1870, and their voluminous report was published by the 
Legislature in 1871. 

The next year he went abroad with his wife spending six 
months in a European tour. 

He was the member for Cumberland County's Com- 
mission to revise the State Constitution, holding its sessions 
in the Capital during the summer of 1875 and preparing 
amendments, most of which received the sanction of the 
Legislature. 

In 1875 he was appointed Solicitor of the United States 
Treasury and resided in Washington with his family during 
that, and the following year. 

Returning to Portland in 1877 he withdrew from pro- 
fessional business and turned over to his son Thomas his 
clientage and office. 

He has employed his leasure principally in reading and 
writing. He has been a frequent contributor to news papers 
and magazines principally on financial, economical and 
political subjects. He is a member of the Maine Historical 
Society and has contributed important papers to its 
collections. He gave the historical addresses in com- 
memoration of the settlement of Machias also of Dennys- 



gi m klogs . 563 

ville, and the centennial anniversary of the capture <>f the 
Margaretta in l s 7o. Be delivered at Bowdoin College a 
poem at the anniversaries uf l v 17 and an address to the Phi 
Beta Kappa society in L890. 

He has interested himself in critical and theological 
questions and in l ss :i published a volume, which in spite 
of its somewhat advanced views, is a Bumming up in a 
judicial temper of the historical date of the Christian 
traditions which lias won considerable attention. 

A.S a member, and for more than twenty >ears the 
President of a literary and social Club in Portland, he has 

had excellent opportunities to enjoy the discussion of the 

greal themes that largely engage the public thought with 

cultivated and congenial minds. 

Geo. P. of John Coffin Talbot in. Elizabeth DeWitt Neil; 
children: Elizabeth N., Oilman T. died in infancy, m. 
2d Elizabeth B. Lincoln: children: Jane T. died in in- 
fancy. Thomas L., Hannah L., Walter. Catharine P.. 
Francis died in infancy. Frederic F. 

Thomas L. in Alice B. Spring; ohildren: Edith L., 
Samuel S. 

Frederic F. m. Mary Frank: children: Q-eo. F.. Melvin 
F. 

Micah Jones Talbot, son of Peter Talboi of S tough ton, 
Mass.. and Lucy Hammond of Brookline., wh » came to 
East Machias. soon after his marriage in 1771 and built the 

house, afterwards upied by Ins son Micah Jones: it was 

the tirst two storied house built in that place, and was built 
and occupied by Peter Talbot until a few years before his 
death at the age of 92 years. Micah Jones 1 Bixth child was 
born in May 17 v 7. 

Of Sturdy puritan stock, he was reared with the strictness 

and high ideals of that time. 

Be married in L809 Betsey Rich, daughter of Samuel 

Rich and Sarah Hracy. M Talboi was a prominent 

figure in the life of that time. Possessed of calm judgment, 
and unusual foresight, he managed his own affairs with dis- 
cretion and success. Early in life, with but meagre education 



564 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

acquired in the district school of that day, he engaged, in 
the lumber business, and built mills at Jacksonville, about 
two miles from the village where quite a large settlement 
sprang up, in which he was much interested, and where 
later, he built a small church, for the benefit of his em- 
ployees; which he assisted generously during his life, and 
provided for by a legacy in his will. 

He invested largely in timber lands, with such good 
judgment, that they proved valuable property in later years. 

As his sons attained manhood, he took them into his 
business, and the firm of P. S. J. Talbot and Co. was formed, 
which continued to carry on the business for more than 
sixty years, under the same name, which was always a 
synonym for honesty and upright dealing. 

As a citizen he was public spirited, always firm and out- 
spoken on the side of morality and good order. 

He enjoyed the confidence of his fellow citizens to such 
an extent that he served them in some capacity, constantly. 
during his long life, being selectman for many years, and for 
a long period of years he was elected overseer of the poor, 
without opposition. 

He was also a member of the Governor's Council, member 
of the house of Representatives, and Senator, at various 
times, and served the county as county commissioner. In 
all these capacities, he acted for the best interests of the 
public, and was honored by his constituents. 

Always a firm believer in personal religion, and an ardent 
Methodist, he was singularly free from bigotry or sectarianism, 
contributing freely to the support of all the churches in the 
village, a constant attendant upon the Congregationalist 
Church, where, the family of his father, Peter Talbot, 
occupied seven adjoining pews on the central aisle. 

Before the first temperance movement began, he abolished 
liquor frqm his house and store. 

In stature Mr. Talbot was a giant, standing six feet two 
inches in height, and large in proportion; his commanding 
figure would always attract attention. Once in later years, 
when calling at an artist's studio in Boston, the occupant 



-.1 \l VLOGY. 




\lli All I' INES I 



GEN] ILO ")GG 

surveyed him from head to Eoot, and then exolaimed, "Weill 
I have seen one man as large as yon, and that was (Jon. 
Scot! !" 

Like many another self-made man. qo one would have 
Suspected his lack uf early education. Always a great 
reader, few men of his day were SO well informed in history 
and genera] affairs, while his advice was sought by many, 
in writing documents and attending to business of various 

kinds. 

At the ripe age of eighty-two, honored and beloved by 
his family and fellow townsmen, alter more than sixty years 
of happy wedded life, in the house built by his father. Mr. 
Talbot passed away in January. L869. 

He left eighl children, leath never having entered his 
family; seven sons and one daughter, the youngest fifty 
years of age, gathered to mourn the loss of a father, who 
was one of the most remarkable men of those early days. 

Samuel H. Talbot m. Mary Scott; ohildren: Stephen C, 
Mary II.. m. Edward R. Eagar, Canton, Ma^s. ; children: 
M icah .).. Caroline D. 

Edward J. of Samuel 11. m. Fannie Hayden, Pembroke; 
one child, James K. 

Lowell Talbot of S. 11. m. Caroline Hayden; sister to E. 
J.'s. wife; children: Kate H. Betsey It . .Mary. Lowell, 
Hammond, ( !harles 1 1. 

Frederick O. of S. 11. m. Kate A. Waide; children: Ed- 
ward E., Mary W., Frederick 0., Clara S.. Kate D., E. 
Jerome. 

Samuel II . Jr., m. Alice Brown; children: Catharine. 
Stephen ( '.. Joseph B. 

It. ( i riggs of S II. in. Clarine Requa; ohildren: Ed- 
ward J., John < '.. Arthur. 

Khnira S. of S. H. m. Rev. Edgar F. Davis; children: 
I I ace i I . < lara T. 

P< ter Stephen Jones Talbot. Sou of Micah Jones Talbot ; 
born at East Machias, September - 1 .*. 1814, attended the 
public schools and Washington Academy, engaged in the 
lumber business and vessel building with his brothers under 



567 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

the firm name of P. 8. J. Talbot, and continued in active 
business of various kinds, until the year 1900. 

He married Deborah S. Turner, October 23d, 1842, elected 
member of Maine legislature, 1845 and also the Legislature 
of 1808. 

Elected a delegate to the National Convention held at 
Charleston, S. C , to nominate a Candidate for President of 
the United States 

The session commenced April, 1860, and continued in 
session thirteen dayp, voted fifty -three times without agree- 
ing on a candidate, then adjourned to meet at Baltimore, 
June 20th, and nominated Stephen A. Douglas. Married 
2nd, Sarah E. Sargent of Farmington, Maine, October 5th, 
1868; resided at Maiden, Mass., from May, 1870 to 1900, 
when he returned to East Machias. 

James R. Talbot, lumber manufacturer and ship builder, 
was born in East Machias, Feb. 7, 1819. He was a good 
type of the old school New England business man, living 
for eighty years in the town and on the homestead site where 
his father, Micah Jones Talbot and his grandfather, Peter 
Talbot, had passed their lives before him. He was educated 
at the common schools and Washington Academy of his 
native town. At the age of twenty-three, he began the 
business of lumbering, with which he was identified 
throughout his life, being for many years manager of the 
firm of P. S. J. Talbot & Co., in which he was eminently 
successful. Mr. Talbot has filled various town offices in 
East Machias, having been Selectman from 1860 to 1882 in- 
clusive, and again in 1885, and served as Town Treasurer in 
1883. He was also a member of the Maine Legislature for 
eight successive sessions, 1860 to 1869, serving as State 
Senator from Washington County in 1875 and 1879, and in 
1873 was a candidate for Speaker of the House. 

In politics Mr. Talbot was always a Democrat. He was 
a delegate to the Chicago National Convention in 1864, 
Presidential Elector for his Congressional District in 1876 
and a member of the Democratic State Committee from 1888 
to 1893. 



Gi m M.ocv. 



;")68 




| IMES R. I 'A 



GEN] VLOGY. 

Mr. Talbol was one of the earliesl promoters, and a 
director of the Washingto a County Railroad. 

Be was intensely loyal to his native town and State, 
believing in residing in Maine and developing its resources. 

.Mr. Talbol was twice married ; firsl t" Mi>s Caroline D. 
Foster, who died in ls77. Second to Miss Elizabeth Turner 
Burrall who survives her husband with four children: 
dames R . .Marion. Rebecca Burrall and Jones Harold. 

Mr. Talbot's death occurred in April, 1899. 

Francis L. of Micah J. in. Mary C. Badger; children: 

Emily I'.. Francis L., Henry L. ; Carrie K. and Egbert 

died young. 

Francis L. in. Mary F. Pettegrew; children: Ed^ar M., 
Frances E. 



VOSE. 

Robert Vose b. 1599, from England 1635, settled at Mil- 
ton. Mass.. dieil in L683, aged s l years. 

Robert and Jane's children : Edward, Elizabeth, Martha. 

Thomas; the last was bom in 1641, died in 1 7l (8, he m. 

Maria W. Wyatt, she horn in 1645, died in 1727 -. children: 
Elizabeth, Henry. Jane, Thomas. 

Thomas, son of Thomas horn in L667, m. Hannah Bab- 
cock in 1695; ohildren: Samuel. Jane, Hannah. David, 
Jonathan, Thomas. Jemima, Keziah, Seth. 

Jonathan of Thomas born in 1701 m. Mary ; 

children: Lemuel. Jonathan, Seth. Hannah, dan.'. Thomas. 

Marv. Jesse, Jemima, Keziah, Thomas, Mary. Lydia. 

.lose Vose of Jonathan ami Mary, horn in 1712, in. Mary 
Durfee; children: Ebenezer; Lemuel died Betsey m. 

I )a\ id Young. 

Ebenezer's ohildren : Eben, Betsey, Mary, Jesse, Lemuel, 
Nancy, Thomas, Hiram, (diaries W. died in l^'.ej, at 71 
\ ears ; John W., Elmira. 

Charles W. m. widow Betsey Plagg, nee Longfellow; 
ohildren: Charles F. Orris M. J. Edward; m. 2nd Almira 
Perry. 



570 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Charles E. Vose m. Cynthia Albee ; two children, all de- 
ceased. Orris M. m. Olive Penniman ; one child, Harold, 
teacher in schools at Greenwich, Conn. 

J. Edward m. Clara E. FenJason ; children : Harry, 
Marcia, Alice. 
Harry Vose in. Helen Stratton ; one child Charles W. 

Charles W. Vose came to Machias in 1H40, young then, 
looking for a place in the world. The first day of work 
done in this town was in the hay held for the late Capt. 
Geo. S. Smith, for which he had the promise of one dollar. 

He took his meals at the table with Capt. Smiths' family, 
a privilege appreciated by the "hired man." Subsequently 
Mr. Vose entered the lumber trade on Machias river; also 
at Lawrencetown, N. S. and at Eustis on the Kennebec. In 
1872 he built half of the Vose-Gardner brick block on Centre 
street where with his sons he carried on trade until his 
death. 

Eben Vose, native of Kingfield, son of Ebenezer, brother 
of Charles W. Vose, came to Machias when a young man; 
m. Polly Baker; children: Mary, Susan. 

Mary m. Isaac Leigh ton; children: Arabel, Ella, 
Clarence, Arthur, Ida, Cora, Lincoln, Willie, Irving died- at 
20 years, Clinton, Edith died a 19 years. 

Arabel m. Levi P. Lyon; children: Ernest, Laura, 
Nettie. 

Ella m. Loring Lambert; children: Lou, Bertha. Harry. 

Clarence m. Mabel Thaxter; children: Hazel, Merle. 

Arthur m Angie Foss; one child, Irving. 

Ida m. Fred M. Beverly ; children : Marjorie, Mildred, 
Verne, Gladys. 

Cora m. Geo. W. Kane; one child, Howard. 

Lincoln m. Jennie Thomas. 

Willie m. Corris Mitchell. 

Clinton m. Josie McCabe; one child, Madeline. 

Laura, daughter of Arabel m. James P. Boyden; 
children : Lawrence, Harvey. 

Nettie of Arabel m. Selden Allen: one child Lois. 



Gl M VLOGY. 



571 



nx. 



3? 



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p P 

3 2. 

p a 

3 _ 



H p 



as: 







572 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




Horace N. Leighton. 



GENEALOGY 578 

Susan nf Eben in. Joseph Leighton; ohildren: Horace 
V. KU'ii B., Fred A.. Josephine, George A.. Roy. 

Horace N. m, Sarah Beaton; children: Mabel, Addie, 
Maude. Lizzie, Lewis, George, Sarah. 

Eben m. .May Cushing; children: ESthel, Ina, Joseph, 
Susan, Ruth, Vera. 

Fred m. Sarah Oheron; children: Joseph, Susan. 

Kd\ of Joseph in. Annie McEacharn; children: Marion, 
Selden, Adelaide. 

Josephine m. Win. Lyon; children: Willie, Horace, 
L-lia. 

rge A. in. Minnie Baer; children: Horace, Ralph, 
Clarence., Josephine. 

Horace N. Leighton, native of Machias. born in 1 S .V>, 
attended schools in Machias including High School: 
1 sarned the trade of house carpenter and worked a few years 
in Machias. Tn l^Td he moved to Minneapolis, having 
pre> iouslj ui. Sarah L. daughter of Isaac Heaton. He 
preceded Ids family in Minneapolis six months; the first 
few weeks he worked for his hoard in a Commission house; 
Bhortlj securing work ai his trade he kept on till L881. 
One year he worked in partnership with another man, after 
which he opened a shop witli his brother Eben E., — Firm 
H. X. Leighton & Co. 

[n 1890 after building the Guaranty Loan Block called 
the finest office building in the city, they were incorporated 
under the name of II. N. Leighton Co.. consisting of H. 
N.. Klien E, and W. H. Lyon, as stockholders, capatalized, 

SlOO.OOO. Since that Mr. L, lias been in active business: 
has erected some of the larger and principal buildings of the 
,-ity. Until quite recentlj the firm employed over four 
hundred men; a pay roll averaging yearly $156,000. The 
working crew of the firm and their families number about 

two thousand. 

Mr. Leighton was elected Alderman in 1898 on the Re- 
publican ticket in a strong Democratic Ward. He served 

four years and declined re election, Deeding his time in his 
business. 



574 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

WHITE. 

Everett I. White, native of Columbia, son of I. Wood- 
bury and Judith A. Nash White; born in 1848, m. Oct. 
1867 Miss Emily, daughter of Alvin B. Nash, Harrington ; 
educated in common schools and Washington Academy, 
followed teaching a short time, made a visit in California of 
about a year. After returnig he went to Shulee, N. S. in 
1873, working as clerk and book-keeper for Capt. Wm. 
Mitchell. He commenced on his own account in the 
lumbering business at Sand River, N. S. and moved his 
family to this place in 1874. In addition to the lumber 
trade he built over and repaired vessels. He had extensive 
trade in piling and spars and manufactured deal for home 
and foreign market. 

In 1893 he removed to Harrington. While here he built 
three vessels and built over a fourth one, at the same time 
carrying on a large store trade. In 1896 Mr. White re- 
moved to Machias where he continued in trade, vessel build- 
ing and lumbering, still retaining and continuing the 
business at Sand River. 

Mr. and Mrs. White have two sons, Clifford I., Bertram 
N. Clifford m. Nellie I. Diamond, Bellville, Ontario; one 
child, Guy L. Bertram is a student in Boston School of 
Technology. 

Mr. C. I. White is associated with his father in the Nova 
Scotia branch of trade and local Manager. 

Since E. I. White became a resident of Machias his 
purchases of timber, wood and farm lands in Washington 
County have been extensive. He has mills at Edmunds and 
Jonesboro and a shipyard at Machias; one of the largest 
holders of timber lands, village real estate and vessel 
property in Eastern Maine. He is easily accredited as a 
successful organizer of business and a Captain of Industry. 



M OGY 



575 




Evereti I. White. 



576 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




as 



w 

o 

w 
u 

w 

w 



577 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




George Walker. 



GENEALOGY. 5*8 

WALKER. 

George Walker was born at Burlington, Mass.. Feb. '•'. 
I s l^. is a grandson of Major Gen. John Walker, whose 
ancestors were of Scotch origin. They were among the 
early settlers of this country. In 1 839 Mr. Walker went to 
Cambridge, where he lived in the family of his uncle. Prof. 
James Walker, afterwards President of Harvard College. 
He entered Harvard in 1840, foui years later graduated. 
He came to Portland. Me., was elected Principal of the 
Portland Academy, an old time Institution of learning At 
the same time he began the study of law; in 1846 was ad- 
mitted a member of Cumberland Par. He formed a partner- 
ship with Jeremiah Bradbury and went to Calais, Me. In 
I s I s lie came to Machias, where besides Ids law practice, he 
engaged in lumbering and shipbuilding. 

In L855 he was elected County Treasure]- on tln> Demo- 
cratic ticket, and in L862 was elected to the State Senate. 
Put the majority party on a slighl technicality denied him 
the seat. In 1867 he was elected Meudier of the House 
from Machias. In l s 7-~> he removed his family to Portland 

where he now lives. In L892 Mr. Walker was elected city 

Treasurer. 

While a resident of Machias he tilled various municipal 

places; the good work he accomplished was recognized while 
he served on the Board of Superintending School Com- 
mittee 

In l v .")| Mr. Walker m. Miss Harriet, daughter of Hon. 
Jeremiah O'Brien. Six children were born to them, two 

living, Win. O'B. of New York city and Mi-- Annette with 

her parents. 



APPENDIX. 



ALLEN. 

Major Joseph Allen, born in Bellerica, Mass., August, 
1798, came to Whiting, Me., when a young man: m. 
Elizabeth Allan, b. in Whiting, Sept., 1803. Mrs. Allan 
was a daughter of John Allan. Jr., son of Col. John Allan; 
children: Louisa, Wm, H., Elbridge G., Albion K., Isabel 
H., Geo H. 

Louisa m. Archibald Berry: children: Lizzie George. 
Lottie. 

William m. Ellen Longfellow; one child. Willie. 

Elbridge m. Clementine Ellsmore; children: Willie. 
Flora, Howard, Evelyn, Elbridge. 

Albion died unmarried 

Isabel m. Melvile J. Allen; children: Charles, Edith, 
Joe. 

Charles, son of Isabel m. Rosa McCabe; children: Earl. 
Raymond, Isabelle. 

Edith of Isabel m. Frank Bridge; children: Charles, 
Allen. 

Joe, son of Isabel, died July, 1878. 

Edith Bridge died Sept. 1899. 

George m. Bell McGlaughlin; one child, William. 

Nellie, daughter of Elbridge m. Wm. Lane; children: 
Elmer, Blanche. 

Flura of Elbridge m. Wm. Stetson; children: . 

Howard of Elbridge m. Iza - — •; one child. 

Evelyn of Elbridge m. E. Everett; one child; Elizabeth, 
wife of Joseph Allen, was a grand-daughter of Col. John 
Allan ; also a grand daughter of Col. John Crane, who was 
one of the Boston "Tea Party," 1770. 



IPPENDDC. 580 

SHAW. 

John, son of W'm. N. and Nancy Stevens Shaw, native of 
Steuben, born May 8, 1820; came to Machias in l v ! s : m. 
\{. Annette Babcock ; children : Edward B., Susan, Belen, 
Frank I... Frances I !. 

Edward and Susan died young. 

Frank I,, m. Sarah Farrel; children: Johu B., Sarab 
E. 

Frances E. in. F. T. Pote; live at Calais. 

Belen not married. 

Frank L. of John is a practicing physician in Machias; 
also Collector ol Customs for the District of Machias. 

Win. X. Shaw was son of Francis Shaw. 

The late Roberl (i. Shaw of Boston was an uncle of John 
Shaw. Mi- Shaw was Treasurer of Harwood Lodge, F. A 
M. forty consecutive years. He died at the mri' of H 



PORTER MEMORIAL LIBRARY. 

This building was given to Machias by Henry Bomes 
Porter of Chicago, a native of Machias, in memory of his 
lather, a lawyer, member of Washington Bar, 1816 to L858. 

The building cosi $16,000; granite, slate and iron ; known 
as the " Porter .Memorial Library." 

In the reading room the jams or walls of the fire place air 
built of the stone taken out of the ballast of the Br. Sell. 

Margaretta, captured June 12, 177."). by citizen soldiers of 

Machias and vicinity. 



PHYSICIANS. 

Wm. Chaloner was the Brsl Bettled physician in the place 
coming from Cornwallis in 1775. 

Parker Clark was next to chaloner coming from Cumber- 
land, X. s. iii 177'.'. Be was a native of Newbury, M 

Dr. Newell Wetherbee came in L816, continued in practice 

until his death, or oearly thirty years. 



581 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

Dr. Bucknell was here a short time, 1844 — 1849; he was 
followed by Dr. A. G. Peabody, Dr. J. W. Murray and 
later by Dr. S. B. Hunter. 

Dr. W. G. Esten, Dr. Geo. H. Walling, Dr. T. J. 
Batohelder, Dr. Henry H. Smith, Dr. F. L. Shaw. Dr. F. 
H. Crocker and Dr. Adin L. Smith have been resident 
practicing physicians. 



NEWSPAPERS. 

The first newspaper published was in December 1824; 
Jeremiah O'B. Balch publisher and editor; called the East- 
ern Star. The Star was published about fifteen months and 
suspended for want of sufficient patronage. 

Mr. Balch was a grandson of Morris O'Brien; Joanna, 
daughter of Morris m. Benj. Balch, Jeremiah being the 
youngest of ten children of the Balch family. The Star was 
printed at East Falls before the town of East Machias was 
incorporated. 

The next attempt at Newspaper life was in May, 1853, at 
Machias, by Edward M. Yates and Charles O. Furbush, who 
established the Machias Union. After a few months Mr. 
¥"ates gave up the business, selling his interest to Mr. Fur- 
bush, who continued the paper until Sept., 1854, when Geo. 
W. Drisko purchased a half interest. In August, 1859, Mr. 
Furbush sold his half to Geo. A. Parlin, who with Mr. 
Drisko continued publishers and proprietors until July, 
1896. Mr. Drisko retired and Mr. Parlin published the 
paper alone till Sept., 1903, when he sold the paper to The 
Machias Union Publishing Co., by whom the paper is con- 
tinued. 

The Machias Republican was first printed in July, 1856, by 
Stacy Fowler. In Sept., 1859, Mr. C. O. Furbush bought 
the plant and revived the paper which had ceased to be 
published for several weeks. Since Mr. Furbush com- 
menced, the Republican has been issued regularly, Mr. 
Furbush being succeeded by Mr. Wm. B. Nash as proprietor 
in 1900. 



APPENDIX. • r ' ,s - 

COLLECTORS OF CUSTOMS. 

Stephen Smith H89 1 » 16 

Lemuel Trescott lv,,,; Mn 

Jeremiah O'Brien 1811 1819 

S. A. Morse L820 1836 

Wm. Brown I^ :; ' ^'•' 

Wm. B. Smith L849 L853 

1). W. Dnnnmi l s -^ ; lv; " 

Anms V. Parlin 1857 ]s,;l 

\\. B.Smith ls,;i l866 

T. A. Staples 1866 l s <>. 

Stephen Longfellow 1868—1875 

Geo. Leavitt 1875—1883 

I I Pierce 1883— l Vv ~> 

John P. Lynch.".; 1886-1889 

E. li. Bryant 1889-1895 

Geo W. Drisko 1895—1896 

J. K. Ames 1897-1901 

F. L. Shaw 1 - ,()1 — 



DRUG STORES. 

The first drug store in town was started by Wm. S. Dyer, 
whoeamefrom Eastporl in L845. Sept., L847, E. Pearson, 
Jr., bought the trade of Mr. Dyer. Mr. (Mark Longfellow 
commenced as Clerk for Mr. Pearson till 1853, when Mr 
Longfellow by purchase became sole owner. In 1896 after 
continuous service of Eorty-nine years Mr. Longfellow Bold 
to Mr. I) A. Curtis and retired. 

The next drug store was started in L858 by R. T. Crane. 

Mr. Crane still continues in the trade. The above Darned 
are the only drug stores ever established in the town. 



DWELLINGS. 

The early dwellers of Maehias made rude houses at first. 

only camps with no boards or Bhingles. 

After the first saw mill was in order lor work, frame 



583 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

houses were erected; the Burnham Tavern, the Bruce House r 
pictures elsewhere in this book ; also the Jones House give 
an idea of the beginning of better house buildings. Along 
in the twenties a further advance of the improved type of 
houses, as the O. Hill, R K. Porter houses indicate 
pictures on other pages. 

Further changes in styles of dwellings will be noticed in 
Geo. D. Perry's, E. I. White's and Deola C. Getehell's; 
Mr. Perry's built in 1868 the others somewhat later. 

It has been claimed that Aaron Hanscom built the first 
frame dwelling in Machias, on a lot near the corner of 
Broadway and Main street. Obadiah Hill Jr., bought the 
house of Mr. Hanscom. a id tore it down in 1825, having 
built his new house the previous year. 

Others have claimed that the Kelly house burned in 1896 
was the first frame house and jet others that a dwelling used 
as a tavern by Olive Longfellow as early as 1790 standing 
westerly a few yards from the Kelly house and back of it, 
was the first. Probably all three were built in 1767 or '68. 
The tavern sign of Mrs. Olive Longfellow, made and painted 
113 years ago, has been preserved and is one of the relics in 
the Machias Library. 

The picture representing the homestead of Geo. D. Perry 
shows a popular style of architecture for dwellings along in 
the middle of the nineteenth century. Mr. Perry's house 
was built by his father, late Clark Perry, who occupied it 
until his death, when his son George succeeded him. 

The residence of E. I. White in design and arrangement 
with regard to convenience, ranks with the best class of 
dwellings; built in the early seventies by late Samuel Long- 
fellow; remodeled and enlarged by Mr. White in 1897. 



Sylvauus Scott lived on the Kim Road near the junction 
of the two rivers. During the attempt of the English in 
1777 to capture Machias A neighbor of Mr. Scott's who 
had many times shared of the Scott family's hospitality, 
called at the house accompanied by a Br. officer of the 



IPPENDIX. 



684 



71 
pi 
/_ 

5 

M 
Z 

n 
w 

o 
i] 

C 
w 
o 




585 



HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 




Mrs. Clara H. Nash. 



\ i • i -i \m\. 586 

Navy and said to Mrs. Scott, "I have partaken many a 
good meal in tliis house, and now we are going to burn it. 

The ingrate neighbor applied the torch, the bouse and other 

buildings wort' destroyed. Mrs. Scott and her children, one 

of whom was a nursing, babe Bed to the w Is where they 

remained until aided by friends. 



In 1847 the question was agitated of moving the County 
seat from .Machias to Easl Machias. I M town meeting, 

April ."), to vote, stood yes. two: no's, 221. 



The first attempt to secure services of a tire company was 
in April. 1^.~><). when the town voted "To exempt from pay- 
ing a [loll tax, fort\ men on condition that they form them- 
selves into an Engine Company and keep the Engine, Davy 
Crockett, and apparatus in good order, and he in readiness 
to act efficiently in case of tire." 

It was also voted that "Ten men art as a Hook and 
Ladder Company with like compensation.' 1 



MRS. CLARA H. NASH. 
First Woman Admitted to the Bar in New England— at Machias, Maine. 

Mrs. Clara Hapgood Nash was admitted to the Bar of the 
Supreme Judicial Court of Maine in Machias. Judge Win. 

G. Parrows presiding, at the October term. 1^72. the first 
woman admitted to the Bar in New England Mrs. Nash 
was a native of Fitzburg, Mass., daughter of John and Mary 
Ann Hosmer Hapgood, and the wife of Frederick C. Nash. 
E q., then a practicing lawyer of Columbia Falls, Maine. 

They practiced under the name of F. ( '. & C. H. Nash in 

Washington County and afterwards in Portland. Me. Mr. 
Nash was Bon of Abraham and Lucy Curtis Nash of Colum- 
bia, Maine. 

From the Woman's Journal, Boston, Mar. 1. L902. 

Oct. 26, l v 72. Mrs. Clara Bapg 1 Nash was admitted to 

the bar of Maine. Judge Barrows, after examining her 

papers, handed to him l>\ Hon James S. Milliken. said: 



587 HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 

' 'I am not aware that anything in the constitution and laws- 
of this State prohibits the admission of a woman possessing 
the proper qualifications to the practice of the law. I have 
no sympathy with the feeling or prejudice which would ex- 
clude women from any of the occupations of life for which 
they may be qualified. The papers put into my hands show 
that Mrs. Nash has received the unanimous approval of the 
examining committee, as possessing the qualifications re- 
quisite for an acceptable attorney, and that she has paid 
the legal duty to the county treasurer, and I direct that she 
be admitted." — H. B. Blackwell, Editor. 

Mr. and Mrs. Nash have one child, a son Frederick Hap 
good, born Jan. 3, 1874; a part of his childhood passed in 
Columbia Falls where his parents resided. He was graduated 
from Harvard College, class of 1895, entitled the degree of 
Master of Arts, which was conferred upon him in 1896 with- 
out further study. In his junior year he was elected one of 
the first eight from his class to the Phi Beta Kappa Society. 

In 1898 he was graduated from the Boston University Law 
School and in his senior year was made Instructor in this 
school, which position he still holds. In 1900, at the age 
of twenty-six, he was appointed Assistant Attorney General 
for the State of Massachusetts, still retaining the position. 



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HISTORY OF MACHIAS. 



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